A Caribbean Forest Tapestry: The Multidimensional Nature of Disturbance and Response
Global change threatens ecosystems worldwide, and tropical systems with their high diversity and rapid development are of special concern. We can mitigate the impacts of change if we understand how tropical ecosystems respond to disturbance. For tropical forests and streams in Puerto Rico this book describes the impacts of, and recovery from, hurricanes, landslides, floods, droughts, and human disturbances in the Luquillo Mountains of Puerto Rico. These ecosystems recover quickly after natural disturbances, having been shaped over thousands of years by such events. Human disturbance, however, has longer-lasting impacts. Chapters are by authors with many years of experience in Puerto Rico and other tropical areas and cover the history of research in these mountains, a framework for understanding disturbance and response, the environmental setting, the disturbance regime, response to disturbance, biotic mechanisms of response, management implications, and future directions. The text provides a strong perspective on tropical ecosystem dynamics over multiple scales of time and space.
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Old Questions and Continuing Challenges
Disturbance Gradients and Ecological Response
3 Geographic and Ecological Setting of the Luquillo Mountains
4 Disturbance Regime
5 Response to Disturbance
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A. E. Lugo abiotic abundance aquatic areas atyid biodiversity biomass biota biotic Biotropica Bisley Brokaw canopy Caribbean Cecropia schreberiana changes chapter climate conservation coqui Covich Dacryodes excelsa debris decomposition density diversity drought dynamics earthworms ecological ecological space editors effects El Verde elevation elﬁn forest environmental F. N. Scatena ﬁgure ﬁne ﬁrst ﬂoods ﬂow ﬂuxes food web forest ﬂoor forest in Puerto forest type Gonzalez gradients H. T. Odum habitat Hurricane Georges Hurricane Hugo increased inﬂuence interactions introduced species invertebrates island Journal landscape landslides leaf litter litterfall Lodge long-term LTER Lugo Luquillo Experimental Forest Luquillo Mountains montane nitrogen nutrient cycling organic matter percent plant Pringle productivity Puerto Rico R. B. Waide rainfall rates resilience response Rican riparian riparian zones secondary forests shrimp signiﬁcant Silver soil spatial species composition stream structure tabonuco forest terrestrial tree species tropical forests tropical rain forest Verde Vogt Walker watersheds Willig Zimmerman