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rably illustrates, as a first guide to branches of the art, including not
composition, the practical value of only the elements' breit the very res
assuming this principle in all our finements of rhetorie, with such pre-
schemes of education, for by it cepts and illustrations added as are
alone can those obstacles to a pro- calculated to generate in the youth-
per rate of improvement in the cul- ful pupil, a taste for the true princi-
tivation of the young mind be re- ples of style and expression.
moved. These exercises are intend-
ed to facilitate the first attempt at
original composition by young per-

Art. XV.The Ocean Bride; a
sons. Every one who has had ex- Tale of the Sea; in Six Cantos.
perience of the juvenile mind will By M. S. Milton, author of the
remember that, when asked to write “ Broken Heart,” and other po-
a sentence, even an advanced child ems. 12mo. Edinburgh: Tait.
will often reply that he has got no. London: Simpkin and Marshall.
thing to say, and when he does 1834,
make the attempt, it is generally
found that he mistakes the meaning This is a poem of considerable di-
of some particular words employed mensions, occupying nearly four hun-
by him. Now the remedy for these


of the size mentioned in almost universal obstacles and er- the title. The promise which Mr." rors seems to us to be supplied with Milton gave in the “Broken Heart" great ingenuity by Mr. Parker, is fully realized in the volume bea whose plan we shall now proceed fore us, in addition to which is to be to describe. He recommends the reckoned the merit of the sustained teacher to set down a word which efforts which is implied in the length it is likely that the scholar had of the poem. The metre of the heard and used before he is not " Ocean Bride" is founded on that to tax the latter to inform him what adopted by Sir Walter Scott in his he understands by the word, but “ Marmion,” and it appears to suit Mr. Parker says he should make the free and varied fancy of the prethe youth write it in a sentence of

sent author. Great power of exhis own composition, which would pression, and a faculty of concenat once form the most certain me- tration, enable Mr. Milton to inthod whereby the scholar would fuse into his verses a degree of encomprehend its use. The simplicity ergy which finds its power in every of this plan, and the certainty of heart; and those who look for the it, are recommendations that must mere pleasure which poetry affords, eventually bring it into general use. abstracted from all collateral adFrom the simple exercise, the stu- juncts, such as a good story, a dent gradually advances to lessons plot connected with some historical of more difficulty, and these he has, event, or founded on the biography by the previous steps, the best pos- of some interesting character; those, sible chance of overcoming. After we repeat, who seek to be gratified the principle of each lesson has been with pure and original poetry for stated, the scholar has a model to its own sake, will secure this voconsult, which exhibits to him the lume for at least one perusal.

As right way of accomplishing his task. we have just hinted, the plot of the The succeeding portions of this

" Ocean Bride" is connected with work carry up the directions for no history of either a documentary composition to the most elevated or traditional character. The time

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to which it adverts is that of the to the diffusion of which we must early part of the last century, when eventually look for the overthrow of the pretensions of the Stuart family all rash and untenable theories. He still kept Scotland in agitation, and has in view, in an especial manner, the gave rise to or tended to continue correction of the false notions which a system of piratical war

are so generally entertained, and, unbigh seas. At that period the Eng- fortunately,so perseveringly acted uplish navy was too busily employed on by the legislature, respecting those to have leisure for minor objects, laws which are framed with a view and the impunity which this state of to determine the supply of a people things afforded to the lawless, the with the necessaries, comforts, and bold buccaneer took the full advan. luxuries of life. The subjects of tage, and did not hesitate to touch the principal chapters may be stated the very shores of England. One with the object of designating the of these adventurers is selected as nature of the contents of the work: his hero by Mr. Milton, and in the they are the elementary principles adventures, difficulties and perils of political economy, such as rights, into which the pirate is led, the poet, wealth, labour, &c.; wages, land, being at perfect liberty to select his capital, value--the distribution of materials, succeeds in surrounding wealth-- the important relations of him with an extraordinary degree population and agriculture to subof interest. In the present dearth sistence--causes of poverty of good poetry, we are happy to straints on agriculture-commerce, have an opportunity of recommend- manufactures, the instrument of exing the “Ocean Bride” to public change--and on the circulation of attention.

labour, &c. We are sorry to find that Mr. Scrope is amongst the num

ber of the weak and irrational eneArt. XVI.--Principles of Politi. mies of Mr. Malthus, to the extent

tical Economy, deduced from the of very unfairly misrepresenting his Natural Laws of Social Welfare, motives and his doctrines. It is and applied to the present State quite inconsistent with truth and of Great Britain. By G. Pou- justice to affirm that Mr. Malthus LETT SCROPE, M.P., F.R.S., &c. has avowed or implied in any man1 Vol. 12mo. London: Long- ner that human suffering, particuman, Rees, & Co., 1833.

larly famine, is the result of the law

of God; nor is it in the power of Mr. Scrope, making use of the great Mr. Scrope to disturb the real poopportunities afforded him by his sition of Mr. Malthus, when he station and his taste for political says that food can never be multilife, has come to the conviction that plied in any thing like the ratio of upon many points of policy, affect- human beings. The distinct propoing immediately the social condition sitions which Mr. Scrope has laof this country, there are, amongst boured to establish in this work is, the great majority, opinions either that the industry of the country, the very vague and indistinct, some- increase of its wealth, and the natutimes visionary and wildly specula- ral distribution of that wealth, have tíve, or altogether erroneous. His been fatally obstructed by the impeobject in the present little work is diments created by the officiousness to offer an humble contribution to- of the legislature, or its ignorance wards the great fund of knowledge, of the changes made in the circumhave sailed under the British flag, In this second volume, Dr. Southey Again, the introduction of cannon brings down the naval history of into the navy service caused a con, England from the commencement of siderable alteration in the ships, the fifteenth to a few

stances of


of the country, Hence is it mind; and, therefore, the story that the most ingenious, enterpriz- which Mr. Southey has to relate is ing, and industrious people on earth more than a plain matter of

nothing are put into a situation perfectly fact statement, incapable of those paradoxical. He looks forward to modifications and decorations,which the complete relief of agriculture by no artist is better able to supply in the establishment of a permanent

season than himself. scale of tithe on an equitable basis; In speaking of the reign of Hen. by the abolition of church rate; by VII., in respect to the state of the the reduction and an improvement

navy, Mr. Southey remarks, that of levying poor's rates, and other though fewer naval incidents occurlocal taxes. In short, the redress red in that reign, than in any of which Mr. Scrope is of opinion those of Henry's predecessors; yet would render this country foremost it is to the era of this monarch's in the race of nations would be a sway that we are to refer the most just and cheap government, which important maritime portion of our would secure protection to the per- history. We learn from our author, sons and to the property of those that, in consequence of the preparawho acquired it by honest industry tions made by the Portuguese, it is and exertion, or by regular succes- perfectly certain that America would sion--freedom of that industry as have been discovered about the well as of exchange-an increase of time when it really was, had there territory capable of cultivation in been no Columbus in existence; proportion to the increase of the and in fact, the reason why the propopulation-and lastly, the counter- posals of the latter were declined by action of pauperism, by such a sys- the Portuguese government was, that tem as will uniformly transmit the she knew that her ships were pursurplus pauper labourers of one suing the right course to India, and place to another where they may be she would not be induced to make wanted.

an experiment by an uncertain one. Another curious trait is mentioned

by Mr. Southey; it is to this effect, Art.XVII.--Lives of the British Ad- that Henry VII. having assented to

mirals, with an Introductory View the terms of Columbus, there is no of the Naval History of England. question that, had not the latter By Robert Southey, LL.D., Poet been captured on his way to EngLaureate. Volume the second, land by pirates, and had he not for being the 48th Number of Lard- a long time been detained by them ner's Cabinet Cyclopædia. Lon- as a slave at the oar, the ships that don: Longman, Rees & Co.1833. discovered the new world would


subse- The exact date when cannon was quent to the middle of the sixteenth first employed at sea, is not by any century. Unfortunately, there is means ascertained. The first portnothing scarcely in the annals which holes, however, appear to have been he has to record worthy of the en,

contrived by a ship-builder at Brest, thusiasm which the more modern named Descharges, and the date of annals of our naval transactions are their first use is 1499. The holes so well calculated to excite in his were circular, and cut through the which existed before that king's the Fourth Edition, and aug


sides of the vessel. Another tier value, which, in the country where in the vessel was rendered essential it was written, maintained a very by the introduction of the cannon, exalted reputation; but which was and this enlargement of the ship's known in this part of the world dimensions, necessarily led to a only by the learned, who certainly change in the composition of the were guilty of a very great omisnavy itself. Up to the period of sion, by neglecting to incorporate it this change, there existed no dis- much sooner with our literature. It tinction between the king's ships was composed as an essay, for the and the ordinary merchants’ vessels; prize proposed by the French Instibut after the use of cannon had tute for the best dissertation on the produced its effects, the vessels im- French Literature of the Eighteenth mediately in the service of his ma- century. This essay is not valued jesty began to form an entirely se- so much for its just estimate of the parate class ; nevertheless, when an literary merits of French writers, as emergency occurred in the service, it is for the analysis of those publithe navy was usi reinforced by cations which were directed to the hiring the largest merchantmen be- great object of enlightening the longing, not only to Englishmen but country, and which, in consequence to Genoese, Venetian, and Hanse- of the events that subsequently octown merchants. But then, it should curred, are charged with having be mentioned, as an amiable ex- been instrumental in bringing about ample of the extent to which a re- the first revolution. The circumciprocity of accommodations exist- stances which led to that freedom of ed in those times, that the king's thought, that distinguished the era ships, in time of peace were em- previous to the revolution, had their ployed in trade, or freighted to the origin at a much earlier date than is merchant. The biographical sec- supposed. Boldness of sentiment, tion of this volume consists of the independence, and liberality of complete biography of Charles, se- ideas, were avowed by Corneille, cond Lord Howard of Effingham, Mezeray, St. Real, and others even and first Earl of Nottingham. In in the days of Richelieu. During the course of the life of this illus- the troubles of La Fronde, a host trious character, an account of the of authors rose, who created a faabortive invasion by the Armada is miliar and jocose style of their own; given, and this is the chief or rather and Pascal and Molière are specionly attraction of the volume. mens of that school, when its vo

-taries were nearly extinct. The li

terary men, who had illustrated the ART. XVIII.-A Tableau of French

court of Louis XIV., as well as his Literature during the Eighteenth ministers and generals, were the offCentury. By M. de Barante, spring of a school of instruction Peer of France. Translated from

government took its own peculiar mented by a Table of Contents, form. The writer proceeds to dwell with a nomenclature of the Au

on the successive literary men of thors, chronologically arranged. France, and devotes a consideaable i Vol. 12mo. London : Smith, space to Voltaire, and the other acElder & Co. 1833.

complished men who took a part in The original of this very equi. the great work of influencing the vocal version is a work of great

public mind.

A great deal of the force and could not essay the amelioration, elegance of this work is lost in the without interruption to the habits, translation, which is by no means and without alarm to the self-love." executed in a style worthy of the We select this specimen at ranoriginal production. It is much dom; but it is easy to perceive in it too literal, and gives the exact En- that the translator was totally unglish equivalent for every word in acquainted with the genius of the the French. This system of turning French language, otherwise he would one language into another, is doubt- never have given the English defiless open to the praise of fidelity, at nite article the, as an equivalent for least in the strict meaning of that

le or la in the French, inasmuch as word; but we shall soon change our he ought to know, that substantives opinion of this servile plan of pro- in French are always accompanied ceeding, when we ręcollect that not by these articles when they are inonly the spirit always, but very definite in their import. Certainly often the meaning of the author is there is room for a proper version of lost or entirely perverted. There this excellent work; the present are multitudes of passages in this one is really a misrepresentation, version, which clearly prove that it which must produce amongst those is the work of a novice.

who read it an impression respectIn the following few lines, we ing the author, that, to say the least quote a specimen of a vast multi- of it, is exceedingly unjust. The tude of those fạults, which tend so text, as it stands, amounts to a sort completely to mar all the spirit and of equivocal dialect, which is neither lucid power which characterize the French nor English, and cannot original :

with fairness be recominended for “ Nourished by theories, they that fidelity, to which all translators knew not how to adapt their opi- are bound by the laws of their exnions, or to adopt them without istence. noise, and as it were insensibly; they


Nature and Art.-The following keeps that shop?" exclaimed he, anecdote is stated by Mr. Phillips, “or who has supplied him with so the late professor of painting at the wise an inscription? It expresses in Royal Academy, to have been re- a few words the summit of perfeclated to him by Sir A. Hume. The tion, the grand desideratum in every latter gentleman, and Sir Joshua art and science." Reynolds, were travelling on the road A Prairie.-One of the most to Hertford, when the attention of novel as well as enchanting scenes Sir Joshua was suddenly attracted in nature is the prairie, or delta, exto a board over a farrier's-shop, on tending to a distance of many miles which was written " Horses shod between the two great rivers. It is here, agreeable to nature and art.for a considerable portion of the "? Who is the sensible man that year one sea of flowers, one wide

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