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Ceremony the Substance of Pd. cannot be prove the
lowed by the Scriptures; but yet have, we break is a partaking of the Body of not like nature of Sacraments with Bap-Christ; and likewise the Cup of Blessing tism and the Lord's Supper, for that they is a partaking of the Blood of Christ. have not any visible Sign or Ceremony Transubstantiation (or the change of ordained of God.
the Substance of Bread and Wine) in the The Sacraments were not ordained of Supper of the Lord, cannot be proved by Christ to be gazed upon, or to be carried Holy Writ; but it is repugnant to the about, but that we should duly use them. plain words of Scripture, overthroweth And in such only as worthily receive the the nature of a Sacrament, and hath given same, they have a wholesome effect or occasion to many Superstitions. operation but they that receive them un- The Body of Christ is given, taken, and worthily, purchase to themselves damna-eaten in the Supper, only after an heation, as St. Paul saith.
venly and spiritual manner. And the Art. XXVI. Of the Unworthiness of the
mean whereby the Body of Christ is reMinisters, which hinders not the Life
ceived and eaten in the Supper, is Faith.' of the Sacraments.
| The Sacrament of the Lord's Supper Although in the visible Church the
was not by Christ's Ordinance reserved, evil he ever mingled with the good, and
carried about, lifted up, or worshipped. sometime the evil have chief authority in Art. XXIX. Of the Wicked, which eat the ministration of the Word and Sacra not of the Body of Christ in the Use of ments: yet, forasmuch as they do not the the Lord's Supper. same in their own name, but in Christ's, The wicked, and such as be void of a and do minister by his Commission and lively faith, although they do carnally and Authority, we may use their Ministry, visibly press with their teeth (as St. Auboth in hearing the Word of God, and in gustine saith) the Sacrament of the Body Teceiving the Sacraments. Neither is and Blood of Christ; yet in no wise are "Elle effect of Christ's Ordinance taken they partakers of Christ; but rather to away by their wickedness, nor the grace their Condemnation do eat and drink the of God's gifts diminished from such, as ign or Sacrament of so great a thing. by faith, and rightly, do receive the Sa-i Art. XXX. Of both Kinds crainents ministered unto them, which be The Cup of the Lord is not to re deellectual, because of Christ's institution nied to the Lay-People: for both the and promise, although they be minister-parts of the Lord's Sacrament by Christ's el hy evil men.
Ordinance and Commandment, ought to Nevertheless, it appertaineth to the Dis- be ministered to all Christian men alike. cipline of the Church, that inquiry beart. XXXI. Of the one Oblation of made of evil Ministers, and that they be
Christ finished upon the Cross.. accused by those that have knowledge of their offences: and finally, being found | The offering of Christ once made, is guilty, by just judgment, be deposed. that perfect redemption, propitiation, and
Art. XXVII. Of Baptism. satisfaction for all the sins of the whole Baptism is not only a sign of Profession,
world, both original and actual; and and mark of Difference, whereby Chris
there is none other satisfaction for sin, tian men are discerned from others that
but that alone. Wherefore the Sacrifice be not christened: but it is also a sign of
of Masses, in which it was commonly said, Reçeneration, or new Birth, whereby, as
that the Priest did offer Christ for the
quick and the dead, to have remission of by an instrument, they that receive Paptism rightiy are grafted into the Church:
pain or guilt, were blasphemous fables, the promises of the forgiveness of sin, and!
and dangerous deceits. of our adoption to be the sons of God by Art. XXXII. Of the Marriage of the Holy Ghost, are visibiy signed and
Priests. saled: faith is confirmed, and grace in- Bishops, Priests, and Deacons, are not creased by virtue of Prayer unto God. commanded by God's Law, either to vow The Baptism of young children is in any the estate of single life, or to abstain from wise to be retained in the Church as most Marriage: therefore it is lawful for them, Agreeable with the institution of Christ. as for all other Christian men, to marry Art. XXVIII. Of the Lord's Supper.
at their own discretion, as they shall judge The Surder of the Lord is not only a the same to serve better to godliness. ign of the Love that Christians ought to Art. XXXIII. Of excommunicate Per have among themselves one to another; sons, how they are to be avoided. but rather it is a Sacrament of our Re That person which by open denuncia lemption by Christ's death: insomuch tion of the Church, is rightly cut off from That to such as rightly, worthily, and with the Unity of the Church, and excommuel receive the same the Bread wbich nicated, ought to be taken of the whole
Carts of the Layne Lord
and or guilt, were 10 have rem
iveness of sin m
the ut adoption to h
wise to be with the institu ord's Supper.
multitude of the faithful, as an Heathen 16. Of the Gifts of the Holy Ghost
20. Against Idieness.. Art. XXXIV. Of the Traditions of the
one of the ! 21. Against Rebellion., Church.
[This Article is received in this Churcı. It is not necessary that Traditions and so far as it declares the books of Homilies Ceremonies be in all places one, or utterly to be an explication of Christian doclike; for at all times they have been di- trine, and instructive in piety and inorals. vers, and may be cbanged according to But all references to the constitution and the diversity of countries, times, and laws of England are considered as inapmen's manners, so that nothing be ordain- plicable to the circumstances of this ed against God's word. Whosoever, Church, which also suspends the order through his private judgment, willingly for the reading of said Homilies in and purposely doth openly break the Tra- Churches until a revision of them may be ditions and Ceremonies of the Church, conveniently made, for the clearing of which be not repugnant to the word of them, as well from obsolete words and God, and be ordained and approved by I phrases, as from the local references.] common authority, ought to be rebuked
Art. XXXVI. Of Consecration of Bishops openly (that other may fear to do the like)
and Ministers. as he that offendeth against the common Order of the Church, and hurteth the The Book of Consecration of Bishops, Authority of the Magistrate, and wound- and Ordering of Priests and Deacons, as eth the Consciences of the weak Brethren, set forth by the General Convention of this
Every Particular or National Church Church in 1792, doth contain all things hath Authority to ordain, change, and necessary to such consecration and orderabolish Ceremonies or Rites of the ing; neither hath it any thing that, of itChurch, ordained only by man's authori-self, is superstitious and ungodly: and, ty, so that all things be done to edifying. therefore, whosoever are consecrated or
ordered according to said form, we deArt. XXXV. Of Homilies.
crée all such to be rightly, orderly, and The second Book of Homilies, the seve
lawfully consecrated and ordered. ral titles whereof we have joined, under this Article, doth contain a godly and Art. XXXVII. Of the Power of the Civil wholesome Doctrine, and necessary for
Magistratee.. these Times, as doth the former Book of The power of the Civil Magistrate exHomilies, which were set forth in the tendeth to all men, as well Clergy as Laltime of Edward the Sixth; and therefore ty, in all things temporal; but hath no auwe judge them to be read in Churches by Ithority in things purely spiritual. And we the Ministers diligently and distinctly, hold it to be the duty of all men wbo are that they may be understanded of the professors of the Gospel, to pay respectful people.
obedience to the civil authority, regular Of the Names of the Homilies. ly and legitimately constituted. 1. Of the right Use of the Churck. Art. XXXVIII. Of Christian Men's 2. Against Peril of Idolatry.
Goods, tuhich are not common. 3. Of repairing and keeping clean of The Riches and Goods of Christians Churches.
áre not common, as touching the right, of good Works: first of Fasting. title, and possession of the same, as cer3. Against Gluttony and Drunkenness. tain Anabaptists do falsely boast. Not6. Against Ercess of Apparel. withstanding, every man ought of such 7. Of Prayer.
things as he possesseth, liberally to give 8. Of the Place and Time of Prayer. alms to the poor according to his ability. 9. That Common Prayers and Sacru- lart *xxix. Of a Christian Man's Oath.
monts ought to be ministered in a
| As we confess that vain and rash swear10. Of the reverent estimation of God's ing is forbidden Christian men by our Word.
Lord Jesus Christ, and James his Apostie: 11. Of Alms-doing.
so we judge that Christian Religion doth 12. Of the Nativity of Christ.
not prohibit, but that a man may swear 3. Of the Passion of Christ.“
when the Magistrate requireth, in a cause 14. Of the Resurrection of Christ. of Faith and Charity, so it be done ac15. Of the toorthy receiving of the Sacra-cording to the Prophets' teaching in Jus
mentof the Body and blood of Christ ltice. Judgment und Truth.
and distinctly. I thority in thinos
nean they may be und
277 THE FORM AND MANNER OF MAKING, ORDAINING,',
BISHOPS, PRIESTS, AND DEACONS,
According to the Order of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of
America, as established by the Bishops, the Clergy, and Laity of said Church, ta General Convention, in the month of September, A. D. 1792.
THÈ PREFACE. It is evident unto all men, diligently reading Holy Scripture and ancient Authors,
tbat from the Apostles' time there have been these Orders of Ministers in Christ's Church,-Bishops, Priests, and Deacons. Which Offices were evermore had in such reverend estimation, that no man might presume to execute any of them except he were first called, tried, examined, and known to have such qualities ab are requisite for the same; and also by public Prayer, with imposition of Hands, were approved and admitted thereunto by lawful Authority. And therefore, to the intent that these orders may be continued, and reverently used and esteemed in this Church, no man shall be accounted or taken to be a lawful Bishop, Priest, or Deacon, in this Church, or suffered to execute any of the said Functions, except he be called, tried, examined, and admitted thereunto, according to the Form
hereafter following, or hath had Episcopal Consecration or Ordination. . And none shall be admitted a Deacon, Priest, or Bishop, except he be of the age
, which the Canon in that case provided may require. And the Bishop knowing, either by himself, or by sufficient testimopy, any Person
to be a man of virtuous conversation, and without crime; and, after examination and trial, finding him sufficiently instructed in the holy Scripture, and otherwise learned as the Canons require, may at the times appointed, or else, on urgent occasion, upon some other day, in the face of the Church, admit him a Deacon, in such Manner and Form as followeth.
The Form and Manner of Making Deacons. 7 When the day appointed by the Bishop is come, after Morning Prayer is ended,
there shall be a Sermon, or Exhortation, declaring the Drity and Office of such as come to be admitted Deacons ; how necessary that Order is in the Church of Christ,
and also how the People ought to esteem them in their office. I A Priest shall present unto the Bishop which he ought not to be admitted to
sitting in his chair near to the holy that Office, let him come forth in the Table, such as desire to be ordained name of God, and show what the crime Deacons, each of them being decently or impediment is.' habited, saying these words:
11 And if any great Crime or impediment D EVEREND Father in God, I pre-l be ohjected, the Bishop shall cease from R sent unto you these Persons present, Ordering that Persor, until such time as to be admitted Deacons.
the Party accused shall be found clear The Bishop.
of that Crime. ! TMKE heed that the Persons whom ye . Then the Bishop (commending such as
present unto us, bè apt and meet for shall be found meet to be Ordered, to the their learning and godly conversation, to Prayers of the Congregation) shalla exercise their Ministry duly to the honour with the Clergy and People present, of God, and the edifying of his Church. say the Litany."
T The Priest shall answer: T Then shall be said the Service for the T HAVE inquired concerning them, and 1 Communion, with the Collect, Epistle, I also examined them, and think them and Gospel, as followeth. so to be.
'The Collect. Then the Bishop shall say unto the LA LMIGHTY God, who by thy Divine People :
A Providence hást appointed divers DRETHREX, if there be any of you, orders of Ministers in thy Church, and
D who knoweth any impediment, or no- didst inspire thine Apostles to choose into table criure in any of these Persons pre- the Order of Deacons the first Martyr s tad o be ordered Ilurons, for the Saint Steglien, with others, seroittiin
may faithty of thy namerough Ne Anstver. I do The Bishe Firead the
behold these thy servants now called to Jesus Christ, and according to the Canons the like Office and Administration; so re-of this Church, to the Ministry of the plenish tnem with thie truth of thy Doc- same? trine, and adorn them with innocency | Answer. I think so. of life, that both by word and good ex
The Bishop. ample they may faithfully serve thee in n o you unfeignedly believe al toe this Office, to the glory of thy name, and Canonical Scriptures of the Old and ihe edification of thy Church, through New Testament? the merits of our Saviour Jesus Christ, Anstver, I do believe them. who liveth and reigneth with thee and the Holy Ghost, now and for ever. Amen. TITILL you diligently read the same
I'he Epistle. 1 Tim. tii. 8. TVV unto the People assembled in the TIKEWISE must the Deacons Be Church wbere you shall be appointed to
1 grave, nes double-tongued, not given serve? to much wine, not greedy of filthy lucre; Answer. I will. holding the mystery of the faith in a pure
The Bishop conscience. And let these also first bei TTappertaineth to the Office of a Dea proved; then let them use the Office of a con, in the Church where hesball beanDeacon, being found blameless. Even so pointed to serve, to assist the Priest in Di must their wives be grave, not slanderers, vine Service, and specially when be niin sober, faitheal in all things. Let the Dea-istereth the Holy Communion, and to cons be the husbands of one wife, ruling help him in the distribution thereof; and their Children and the Town Houses well. to read holy Scriptures and Homilies in For they that have used the Office of a the Church; and to instruct the Youth in Deacon well, purchase to themselves a the Catéchisin; in the absence of the good degree, and great boldness in the Priest to baptive Infants, and to preachi, faith which is in Christ Jesus.
if he be admitted thereto by the Bishop. Or else this, out of the sixth Chap | And furthermore it is his Office, where! the Acts of the Apostles.
provision is so made, to search for the Acts Vi. 2.
sick, poor, and impotent People of the TIHEN the Twelve called the multitude Paris, to intimate their estates, names,
of the disciples unto them, and said, and places where they dwell, into the is not reason that we should leave the Curate, that by his exhortation they may ord of God, and serve tables. Where- be relieved with threalms of the Parishionfure, brethren, look ye out among you ers, or others: Will you do this gladly seven men of honest report, full of the and willingly? Holy Ghost and wisdom, whom we may ! Answer. I will so do, by the help of God. appoint over this business. But we will
The Bishop. give ourselves continually to prayer, and TILL you apply all your diligence to to the ministry of the Word. And the ('fraim and fashion your own lives, saying pleased the wbole multitude. And and the lives of your families, according they chose Stephen, a man full of faith to the Doctrine of Carst; and to make and of the Holy Ghost, and Philip, and both yourselves and them, as juuch as in Prochorus, and Nicanor, and Timon, and you lie:h, wholesome examples of the Parmenas, and Nicolas a proselyte of flock of Christ? Antioch: whom they set before the Apos-Answer. I will so do, the Lord being tles, and when they had prayed, they my helper. laid their bands on them. And the word
The Bishop. of God increased, and the number of the W ILL you reverently obey your Die lisciples multiplied in Jerusalem great y shop, and other chief Ministers, ly, and a great company of the Priests who, according to the Canons of the were obedient to the faith.
Church, may liave the charge and goI T'hen shall the Bishop erantine every one vernmentovér you; following with a glad
of those who are to be Ordered, in the pre-mind and will their godly admonitions ! sence of the People, after this manner Answer. I will endeavour so to do, the following:
Lord being my helper.. D o you trust that you are inwardly T Then the Bishop, laying his Hands seve
moved by the Holy Ghost to take rally upon the Head of every one of upon you this once and Ministration, to then humbly kneeling before him, shall serve God for the proinoting of his glory, say, and the edifying of his people! IMÄKE thou Authority to execute the Answer. I trust so.
| Office of a Deacon in the Church of The Bishop.
1 God committed into thee: In the name D o you think that you are truly called i of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Dacowling w e will of our Lord Loly Gbost. Amen
1 Then shall the Bishop deliver to every one in thy Church; make them, we beseech
of them the New Testantent, saytng, thee, O Lord, to be modest, humble, and TAKE thou Authority to read the Gos- constant in their Ministration, to have a 1 pel in the Church of God, and to any will to observa all spiritual Disci.
camo if show ha thereta li pline; that they having always the testicensed by the Bishop himself.
mony of a good conscience, and continu
ing ever stable and strong in thy Son 1 Then one of then appointed by the Christ, may so well behave themselves Bishop shall road
in this interior Office, that they may be Tke Gospel.* St. Luke xii. 35.
found worthy to be called unto the highr ET your soins be girded about, ander Ministries in thy Church, through the U your lights burning, and ye your-same thy Son our Saviour Jesus Christ; selves like unto men that wait for their to whom be glory and honour, world Lord, when he will return from the wed- without end. Amen. Jingthat when he cometh and knock- M HE peace of God, which passeth all eth, they may open unto him immediately. I understanding, keep your hearts Blessed are those servants whom thel and minds in the knowledge and love of Lord when he cometh shall find watch-1 God, and of his Son Jesus Christ our ing: Verily I say unto you, That he shall Lord: And the blessing of God Almighgird himself, and make them to sit down tv. tbe Father, the Son, and the Holy to meat, and will come forth and serve Ghost, be amongst you, and remain with them. And if he shall come in the se-l von
nd if he shall come in the sel you always. Amen. cond watch, or come in the third watch, i And here it must be declared unto the and find them so, blessed are those ser-|
Deacon, that he muest continue in that
Deacon that he mest vaats.
Office of a Deacon the space of a whole 1 Then shall the Bishog proceed in the Year (except for reasonable Causes it
Communion; and all who are Order- shall otherwise seem good unto the Bied, shall tary, and receive the Holy shop) to the intent he inay be perfect, and Communion the same day with the well expert in the things appertaining to Bishop.
the Ecclesiastical Administration; in The Communion ended, after the last crecuting whereof, if he be found faithCollect, and immediately before the Ben ful and diligent, he may be admitted cdiction, shall be said this Collect fol- by his Diocesan to the Order of Priesto, louring:.
hood, at the times appointed in the Can A LMIGHTY God, giver of all good non, or else on urgent occasion, upox. A things, whe of thy great goodness some other day, in the face of the Churche hast vouchsafed to accept and take thesel - in such manner and form as hereaftar thy servants unto the Office of Deacons' followeth.
· The Form and Manner of Ordering Priests.",
When the day appointed by the Bishop is come, after Morning Prayer is ended, there shall be a Sermon, or Echortation, declaring the Duty and Office of such as come to be admitted Priests; how necessary that Order is in the Church of Christ
and also how the People ought to esteem them in their Office. 4A Priest shall present unto the Bishop, l . 17. The Priest shall answer :
sitting in his Chair near to the holy TT- T HAVE inquired concerning them, and Ble, all those who are to receive the Or- I also examined them, and think therp der of Priesthood that day, each of Iso to be them being decently habited, and shall | Then the Bishop shall say unto the say:
People: D EVEREND Father in God, I pre-I NOOD People, these are they whom Il sent unto you these Persons present,
V we purpose, God willing, to receive to be admitted to the order of Priestkood. I this day unto the Iloly Office of Priest
hood : For after due examination, we T The Bishop.
find not to the contrary, but that they are M AKE heed that the Persons whom ye lawfully called to their Function and
I present unto us, be apt and meet for Ministry, and that they are Persons ineet their learning and godly conversation, to for the same. But yet if there be any of exercise their Ministry duly to the honour you, who knoweth any insediment or of God, and the edifving of the Church. Suvable crime in any of then, for the