Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB

he will then correfpond with Hyginus; and Creusa is the fourth Daughter in the arrangement of the fix Sisters by Suidas : The other two were probably born after the event of the facrifice; Creufa however in the play is suppofed the only furviving one at the æra of the Drama.

No XIX.

Verse 300. Tpopuvis.

292. The Trophonian shrine. THE circumstances regarding the oracular Cave of Trophonius are collected by Archbishop Potter in his Archæologia ', and by Fontenelle in his History of Oracles ?. Sir George Wheler inverted the journey of Xuthus, for he went from Delphi to Livadia, “ which place, fays he, was celebrated in old times for the oracle of Trophonius, which was in a cavern in a hill.” (Travels into Græce, b. 4. p. 329.)

No XX.

Verse 337. "H Očès.

329. Her power avails not here.

THE Goddess Aidws or Modesty was worshipped among the Græcians; and we learn from our Poet in his Hippolytus ", that there were two divinities of the same name; the one inclined to ill, the other to good. We may also collect the

* B. 2. c. 10.

2 Prem. Differt. C. 15.

3 V. 385.

same

fame idea from a passage in the fragments of his Erechtheus * ; and Homers and Hesiod both correspond with him in the same assertion. Among all Mortals, says Demosthenes', there are altars of Justice, Equity, and Modesty. Thus Pausanias mentions at Athens 8 an altar of this Goddess, and also a statue of her at Sparta. (l. 1. c. 17. p. 39. & 1. 3. C. 22. p. 262.)

N° XXI. Verse 354. El taulò ýens.

· 346. His years, if living, would approach to thine. THIS observation of Creusa is extremely interesting : In the Opera of Gioas, Re di Giuda, by Metastafió, Sebia says to her undiscovered child in a scene, which bears a great resemblance to this,

Ah, se non era

L'inumana Atalia,
Appunto il mio Gioas così saria.

(A. 1. f. 3.)

4 Ed. Barnes, v. 120. P. 468.

S Il. 24. V. 45. 6 In Op. & Dies, v. 318. ' Cont. Arift, Orat. 1, vol. 2. p. 476. ed. Taylor. 8 See also Hesychius vox Aideso

N° XXII.

No XXII.

Verse 452.

Λοχίαν . Einedutav. 454. Thee, prompt to yield thy lenient aid. THE Goddess, here invoked under the title of Einciduos Ilithyia, is fixed by the return of the sentence, where the Chorus expressly calls her Ac?oyevris, the daughter of Latona”, to imply Diana : who under this character was adored, as the tutelary Divinity presiding over the travail of women : As the epithet of noxía, conveying this idea, is here applied to her, so our Poet in his Hippolytus calls her, by the corresponding word of cüroxos *; and in his Supplices by this very epithet of noxios * : Callimachus makes Diana in his hymns to this Goddess declare, that from her birth she was destined to preside over this employment. In regard to the derivation of the word Ilithyia, Phurnutus o deduces it either from singuévr, in allusion to her constant revolution round the earth, as the

i Because the title of llithyia is not alone sufficient, as this is often applied to another Græcian Goddess, incompatible with Diana : Thus Hefiod in his Theogony (v.921.) and Pindar in his commencement of the seventh Nemæan Ode call her the daughter of Juno ; which corresponds with Homer, who mentions the Einsibúiab, as the daughters of Juno (11. 11. v. 271.) Though in another patiage he speaks of a single Goddess of this name, without any specification to ascertain the object of his expression, (Il. 16. v. 187.) At other times this lithyia is described, as present at the travail of Latona, the Mother of Diana, as by the Author of the hymn to Apollo, ascribed to Hemer (v. 97 & 115.) and for this purpose she is invoked by Callimachus in his hymn to Delos (v. 1 32 & 257. Pausanias also mentions a emple of Ilithyia, who came from the Hyperborians to Delos 10 ailist ac The parturition of Latona. (1. 1. c. 18. p. 42.) 2 V. 465. 3 V. 166.

4 V.958. 5 V. 23. 6 De Nat. Deor. C. 34. ed. Gale. p. 236.

Moon;

Moon; or from &asúlw to come, as attending the call of pregnant Women : But, according to Wesselingius in his edition of Diodorus ? Siculus, this word is of Phoenician extraction, and comes from a term in that language, signifying to bring forth. The Scholiast on Ariftophanes 8 asserts, that this Ilithyia was the Diana Phosphorus, so denominated from being the Inspector of Infants on their arrival into the region of light : From this idea the Romans adopted the titles of Lucina and Genitalis '' : But they ” were involved in equal, if not greater, darkness than even the Græcians in regard to the identity of this object of their Pagan adoration; and nothing can more demonstrate the gross confusion in that complicated system of Heathen Theology. Lucian " has not failed to rally with his usual humour this pretty occupation of the chaste Virgin Diana; but thofe who defend the propriety of it refer to the physical operation of the moon on parturition, Rite maturos aperire partus.

(Hor. Car. Sec. v. 13.)

7 Vol. 1. 1. 5. p. 389. 8 Lysistrata, v. 74 3.

· Thus Cicero, ut apud Græcos Dianam, eamque Luciferam, fic apud nostros Junonem Lucinam in pariendo vocant, (De Nat. Deor. l. 2. c. 27.)

10 Hor. Carm. Secul. v. 16. 11 Terence corresponds with Cicero in his exclamation of Juno Lucina, (Andria, A. 3. S. 1.) And Catullus addresses Diana, Tu Lucina dolentibus Juno dicta puerperis, (Carm. 34. V. 13.) But Virgil and Horace evidently apply this title of Lucina to Diana, (Ecl. 4. v. 10. Carm. l. 3. od. 22. v. 3, & Carm, Secul. v. 15.) And Ovid opposes Diana, as Lucina, to Juno. (Met. 1. 9. V. 284.) Two Engravings of this Goddess inay be seen in Montfaucon (Antiq. Expl. tom. I. pl. 22. fig. 4 & 5.)

12 Deor. Dial. 16. vol. I. p. 245. ed. Hemtter.

No XXIII.

N° XXIII.

Verse 455. ligounser Til@ul noxxu

θείσαν κάτ' ακροάτας
Κορυφας Διός.

459. Thou, whom the Titan from the head of Jove

Prometheus drew.

ACCORDING to the opinion of Barnes, the Titan, here mentioned, as affording aslistance to Jupiter, when Minerva issued from his head, is Vulcan: He therefore trandates IIpounder, as an epithet, and not as the name of a Man: It must be allowed, that Vulcan is sometimes reprefented, as aiding and assisting at this extraordinary parturition: Thus Pindar,

By Vulcan's art the Father's teeming head
Was open'd wide ; and forth iinpetuous sprung,
And shouted fierce and loud the Warrior Maid.

(West. Olym. Od. 7. St. 19.) Lucian also in one of his dialogues has ridiculed this fantas. tick employment of the God Vulcan : But Heath objects to this interpretation of Barnes, that the appellation of Titan is not applicable to Vulcan : whereas it is perfectly adapted to Prometheus, as appears from the Theogony 3 of Hefiod : To this authority, cited by him, may be added Æschylus“,

Deor. Dial. 8. vol. 1, ed. Hemster. p. 225. 2 Not. in Ion. p. 135. * V. 134. 207. 507. 510.

*4 Prom. V. 205.

who

« AnteriorContinuar »