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lub will be supplied to the hospital of each any quarters, or of any mess or regimennative corps on the establishment, under tal accounts, and all sums of money due the orders of the Military Board, and to any agent, or paymaster, or quarteraccording to the description and dimen- master, or any other officer on any such sions with which they will be furnished by account, or on account of any advances the Medical Board. These bathing tubs made for any such purpose.”. are to be surveyed and regularly delivered 4. Adverting to the definition of "reover to the medical officers of corps at gimental debts,” given above, any payeach relief, as a part of the hospital fur- ments made by authority of commanding niture. Whenever reported unserviceable officers not coming within the intent and or repairable by the surgeons, Command- meaning of the Act, will be at their own ing Officers will order a Committee of risk. Survey in the usual manner, and the Commissariat Department will supply deficiencies according to those reports.

Fort William, Aug. 8, 1823.-It being essential to the health of the troops that

great attention should be paid to the posiFort William, July 31, 1823.-1. A tion and aspect of all barracks and hospi.' question having arisen as to the effect of tals, it is herehy directed that, previous Article 3, Sect. 19, of the articles of War to laying the foundation of such buildings of 1822, in excluding the estates of offi- in all future cases, the Superintending cers of his Majesty's regiments serving in Surgeon of the Division, or in his abthe East-Indies from the operation of the sence the Senior Medical Staff at the staAct of Parliament under which the Regis- tion, invariably be consulted on the subtrar of the Supreme Court of Judicature ject, and that Commanding Officers shall is empowered and required to apply for conform to the opinion of such Medical letters of administration of the estates of Staff, officially given in writing, or refer British subjects dying intestate ;' the Go- the question, should they see cause, with vernor General in Council, with a view all documents connected with it, through to remove any doubt on the subject, di the Military Board, for the decision of rected a reference to be made to the Advo Government, as quickly as possible. cate General, whose opinion is to the fol. lowing effect, viz. That the article and

MISCELLANEOUS. section above quoted cannot be legally held to bar the right of the executor or administrator, within the territorial possessions

On Thursday, the 24th July, a special of the East-India Company, to receive general meeting of the Calcutta diocesan the surplus effects of a deceased officer,

committee was convened, for the purpose after payment of his regimental debts and

of receiving a communication from the expenses of interment ; and that, it being Society for Promoting Christian Know. a part of the public duty of the Registrar ledge, relative to the late Lord Bishop of

Calcutta. of the Supreme Court to apply for letters of administration of all British subjects w. B. Bayley, Esq.; W. Prinsep, Esq.;

President, Rev. D. Corrie (in the Chair); dying intestate within the territories sub. ject to the Presidency of Fort William, the

E. A. Newton, Esq.; W. Leycester, Esq.; right in question generally devolves on

Rev. Dr. Parish; Rev. W. H. Mill; Rev. that officer.

G. T. Crawfurd; J. H. Alt, Esq. ; E. 2. In order, therefore, to afford the Regis. Brightman, Esq.; H. Shakespear, Esq. ; trar the most early and authentic informa

W. H. Abbott, Esq.; and Rev. J. Haw. tion of the state of the assets of British officers tayne, Secretary. dying under such circumstances, the Go

After prayers had been read by the vernor General in Council directs, that the Chairman, the Secretary read the following Presidents of the Committees which as

letter from the Rev. W. Parker, Assistant semble on the demise of officers dying Secretary to the Society for Promoting intestate, whether in his Majesty's or the

Chrietian Knowledge, and the printed reHonourable Company's service, shall for.

solutions contained therein. ward directly to the Registrar of the Su.

“ To the Rev. J. Hawtayne, Secretary of preme Court a copy, duly authenticated,

the Calcutta Diocesan Committee Soof the proceedings of the Committee, as ciety, P.C.K. soon as they are closed.

“ Sir:-In transmitting to you a copy 3, For a definition of the words “re of the resolutions adopted at two special. gimental debts," and what are to be so general meetings of the Society for Proconsidered, the Advocate General refers moting Christian Knowledge, I am deto the Act of the 58th year of the late sired by the committee therein named to King, cap. 73, sec. 1, which declares to state, thai, anxious as the Board are to be such, “all sums of money due in testify their sense of the zeal and energy respect of any military clothing, appoint- with which the late Lord Bishop of Calments and equipments, or in respect of cutta promoted, in the East, the greut obe Asiatic Journ - No. 99.

2 0


jects of the Society, they yet feel that they with stedfast perseverance the arduous would not be justified in appropriating for course of duty he had marked out for himthat purpose any part of those funds which self, and executing with firmness and are exclusively applicable to the Promotion moderation what he had decided in his own of Christian Knowledge. -The Board, judgment to be best; having at heart the therefore, must depend upon the liberality honour of his office rather than his own, of the individual members of the Society and making it his conscientious duty to for the completion of their design : and transmit that office to his successors unim. they indulge a hope that, through the cor paired; and to lay a foundation, on which dial co-operation of the diocesan and dis those successors might best build a lasting trict committees, their expectation will be and useful fabric. To his moderation and fully realized.

prudence, amidst the arduous duties to I have much satisfaction in acquainting which his life was devoted in this country, you, that Mr. Chantry has proinised to the most honourable testimony has been execute the monument intended to be borne by the Supreme Government; and placed in the cathedral church of St. Paul. the members of this committee will be “ I remain, Sir,

proud to bear witness to his zeal for reli“ Your most obedient and faithful servant, gion, and his anxious care for the interest (Signed) “ WILLIAM PARKER, of that society, whose chief concern it is

“ Assistant Secretary.” now to record his virtues. In this grateful “Bartlett's Buildings, Dec. 27, 1822. work we are called on to co-operate, and I After which, W. B. Bayley, Esq. rose,

shall therefore beg leave to propose the and addressed the meeting as follows: following resolutions. “ Gentlemen: I have been requested to

• Ist. That this committee do respectpropose to your acceptance certain resolu. fully acknowledge the receipt of the comtions, connected with the special object of munication from the Society, and the satisour meeting on this occasion. I regret faction which they have derived from the that this bonourable duty has not devolved intention therein expressed to erect a monuupun some one duly qualified to introduce ment in St. Paul's cathedral to the memory the subject to your attention in the manner of the late Lord Bishop of Calcutta. in which it ought to be introduced. I “ 2d. That this Meeting does fully parshall Icave to others the grateful task of ticipate in the sentiments of respect and enlarging on the character and high quali- veneration entertained by the Society tofications of our late lamented Bishop, and

wards the character of this lamented preI shall be pardoned for offering, as an in- late, having for a period of several years dividual honoured by the personal regard witnessed his eminent zeal for the church, of Dr. Middleton, a few brief remarks on and more especially for the Society's inte. this occasion. It has already called forth rests committed to his care. the voice of our Society at home, and at

“ 3d. That, therefore, in compliance one of our sister Presidencies, in testi with the Society's suggestions, this meetmony of the exalted character and the dis- ing do cordially contribute their aid, india tinguished qualities of the first Bishop of vidually, towards enabling the Society to Calcutta ; and it would least of all become erect the proposed monument, as a tribute us, who were ourselves witnesses of the to the exalted character of our late diocezealous interest taken by Dr. Middleton san, and request the secretary to invite in the prosperity of this society, if we were

the absent members of the committee to to pass a silent vote on this occasion. concur in this mark of respect designed by

“ In undertaking the episcopal charge of the Society. India, Dr. Middleton resigned, what is “ 4th. That contributions be limited to generally esteemed most valuable, a situa. the amount of one year's subscription to tion of present case and of future distinc the funds of this committee, and to be paid tion in his native land, to engage in an

into the hands of the secretary or treasurer. arduous enterprize in a distant and un - Agrced. congenial climate, where the issue of his “ Resolved further, That if sufficient labours was doubtful, the difficulties to be funds shall have been raised for the erecencountered numerous, and the reward at tion of the monument in the manner proall events distant. It was on his part a posed, so as to render the additions made sacrifice, the extent of which can scarcely

from this committee unnecessary, the Sobe appreciated, but by those whose habits ciety be requested to return the surplus, have been similarly formed ; it was the with a view to founding an additional loss of learned leisure, and of literary so Scholarship in Bishop's College, to be deciety; it was the voluntary exchange of nominated Bishop Middleton's Scholar. these advantages for a situation, where he ship."-|Cal. John Bull; July 30, could meet with few with whom he could freely communicate on the subjects which

ROPE BRIDGE OF SUSPENSION DIRECTED TO had hitherto chiefly occupied his mind, and BE CONSTRUCTED BY A XATIVE. exercised his masculine and powerful un We are most happy to learn that Mr. derstanding. We have seen him pursuing Shakespear has been solicited by an opulent

and public-spirited native of rank, Rajah terities to a seat amongst the Gods, 'and Shebe Chundar Roy, to direct the con by the aid of Visvamitra effected his obstruction of one of his rope bridges, to be ject. Indra threw him down again; but thrown over the Caramnassa River, which the friendly sage arrested his fall in the midintersects the great north-west road about heavens, and the matter was compromised forty or fifty miles on this side of Benares, by the king's being left suspended in the and that Government has cheerfully sanc air with his head downwards. In this tioned and encouraged this highly credita aukward position, the saliva from his ble and praiseworthy mark of generosity mouth falls upon the Vindhya mountains, on the part of the Rajah, in thus promot where the Karma-násà rises, and mingling ing, at his own personal expense, the con. with its waters, renders them impure venience and comfort of his countrymen. throughout their course. Mr. Shakespear has accordingly been au Whatever may be the cause, however, thorized to afford his aid in giving effect the popular superstition is not the less to this laudable intention; and the eminent earnest, and, what is worse, practical. A success which has hitherto attended his Brahmin who has to cross the river, is in singularly curious bridge over the Berai terrible alarm lest he should be sprinkled torrent, in so remarkable a season as the by the water, and in no case will he ford present, when the whole country is inun- it. During the greater part of the year dated, and multitudes resort to it as their the Caramnassa is forbade even at its only succour in passing the torrent, affords mouth ; but travellers by land are carried sanguine hopes of similar success in his across it in the arins of a ferryman. In present spirited undertaking, though the the rains, it of course requires a more respan will be little short of three hundred putable conveyance, and passengers are feet !*

ferried over in boats. Luckily for the The Hindoo, therefore, who saves his people who dwell upon its banks the sect from pollution, by giving a free pas- river is not impure for them, and they are sage over this dreaded stream, cannot fail permitted to use and touch its waters with to be highly applauded, and considered as impunity. a public benefactor.

The Caramnassa has other claims to The Caramnassa, or more correctly consideration, and its identification with Karma-násà, is one of the rivers of India ancient appellations is the theme of learnwhich have rather unaccountably incurred ed controversy ; Major Rennell consider. popular odium. The name implies the ing it as the same with the Commenases of destroyer of pious acts, and in a memorial

Arrian, and Colonel Wilford regarding it, verse, common amongst the natives, the

in its ancient name of Maulee, as the mere contact of its water is said to

Omalis of the same writer. counteract all merit previously acquired by

The source of this river has never yet attention to the observances of the Hindoo

been laid down. Colonel Wilford states religion. The real motive for pronounc. it to rise in that part of the Vindhya hills ing such a character upon the waters of called Vindhya Maukka. It separates the this stream is utterly unknown, and even

provinces of Behar and Benares, and is the legend professing to explain it is not

but a few miles west of Buxar ; running very familiar to the Pundits. The late

into the Ganges between two villages, Colonel Wilford has introduced it in his first essay on the ancient Geography of ble extent, with several mosques of modern

Perper and Barra, the latter of considera. India (Asiatic Researches, vol. xiv), the erection. (Cal. Gov. Gaz. Aug. 21. commencement of a series wbich, although believed to be considerably advanced in manuscript, is now, we apprehend, little IMPROVEMENTS IN THE CITY OF CALCUTTA. likely to be given to the public.

(Letter addressed to the Editor of the The story, as it appears in the account

Bengal Hurkuru.) now cited, is this. The waters of this While we are ready to point out nuiMaulee (the same as the Caramnassa),

sances for correction, and so prompt in were originally as pure as those of other discovering inconveniences and disagreearivers, until containinated by an impure bles, it is our duty to be no less so in admixture, which gave to the stream its bringing to notice any improvement or present cbaracter and appellation.

addition to the comfort of the good people Frisauku, an ancient King of Oude, of this city. Calcutta is a place that is aspired to elevate himself by pious aus

making a very rapid progress in every

thing, and her inental improvement seems *There are sione pier- heads built by a Mahratta

to me to be keeping pace with the imwhich project considerably into the Caramuassa proved appearance which she has assumed. River on both sides, in a line with the military Perhaps so much has not been done in any road ; these reduce the span to about 230 feet, besides intermediate piers; all available for the pur

city in a long period of years, as has been pose of an iron chain bridge, which might, there done in this within the last three or four. fore, easily be constructed similar to Captain Bousoe's Trinity Pier-head vs Suspension, at

To take a review of the whole of thein Newhaven, near Edinburgh.

would be impossible; but I will mention


two or three of them, which reflect the highest credit on the Lottery Committee, We are most happy to learn that the who have the management of these things. Diana steam packet succeeds to admiraAnd, first and foremost, is the quay on the tion, steinming the rapid freshes of the river side, which continues to advance river with a velocity perfectly astonishing. daily, and which is, at the same time, a She left Chandpaul Ghaut at 11 A.M. of work of ornament as well as of utility. Saturday, in charge of Mr. Anderson, the It affords facility in landing goods, fur engineer, and piloted by Mr. Branch, Pinishes a safe and commodious road, and loi Bason for Serampore, to take on secures the banks of the river from falling board his Excellency Colonel Krefting, down or being injured, the reparation of the Governor ; she manæuvred off the which is so expensive and tedious an town for some time until his Excellency operation. The building of ghauts, too, and suite embarked, when she proceeded affords a safe landing place at all times: up to Chinsurah. The whole time occuan object of the very greatest utility. The pied in running the distance from Caljetties which have been constructed for the cutta to Chinsurah was between six and landing of goods, preserve these glauts seven hours. There was no food, but, from being injured by blows from heavy or on the contrary, the freshies were very hard bodies, while they are safer for lifting strong, running at the rate of at least six heavy weights than any power which or seven knots per hour; yet the steam could be brought to act at the ghauts. boat moved up the river against this exFew cities possess so many facilities and

traordinary current, at the rate of four or advantages in this way as Calcutta now five knots; a proof of her speed that does; and I trust that I shall see them con must be satisfactory to the most sceptical, tinue to advance, until they are introduced we should think. In the afternoon the into every department connected with her vessel returned to Serampore, where his trade and commerce.

Excellency and suite, with the rest of Another great improvement is the widen the party on board, Janded, and partook ing and draining the streets, which has of an elegant entertainment prepared for pow been so generally adopted. The the occasion. The party returned to Calneighbourhood of Wellington Square bears cutta on Sunday morning. ample testimony to this fact; for on that As the vessel passed up, the banks of spot stood, not many years ago, an assem the river were crowded with natives, gazing blage of the most filthy huts wbich any with stupid wonder on this novel scene. where disgraced Calcutta. These were To behold a vessel thus stemming a principally inhabited by lascars, a race of furious tide, without the aid of oar or sail, men who are notorious for their filth when and sending forth from a black column, on shore in their houses; and this now standing in the usual place of a mast, a elegant place was, at the time to which volume of smoke, was indeed a sight I allude, the sink of all the filth which well calculated not only to excite the cusuch a set of men could collect. This has riosity, but to work on the superstitious all been happily removed, and in its place fears of the natives ; they gazed on it with stands one of the finest ornaments of Cal silent amazement, or with loud expressions cutta. Then again in the neighbourhood of astonishment, as the feelings of fear or of the burying-ground, what an improve. curiosity predominated, utterly unable to ment has been made by demolishing the divine the power by which the vessel was bazar which once stood there, and the spot irnpelled with such velocity. Such was is now being studded with handsome the effect of this specimen of the triumph houses. The stopping up of the Mahratta of science over the elements, on some of ditch is another of those improvements for the more ignorant natives, that several of which we are indebted to the exertions of them, it is said, actually leaped out of the Lottery Committee, while the general their boats into the river through fear. excellent state of the circular road affords We do not vouch for this : but it is by no a safe and delightful drive to the inhabi means improbable. Be this as it may, tants of the city. There is one road lead the passing of the steam-boat occasioned a ing from Calcutta which now requires complete native holiday. Nor were the some attention, namely, that leading to natives the only beholders of the interestBarrackpore. The Chitpore road, as it ing spectacle, for every window in every is called, is so narrow, that it is surprising house in Serampore, Chandernagore, and more accidents do not happen in it, and in Chinsurah, that commands a view of the this state it continues until after you have river, was filled with eager spectators. passed the bridge at the end of the Bagh There is every reason to believe that this Bazar, where it begins to get better. first trip up the river on the steam-boat will From thence to Barrackpore, the road is be succeeded by many others, for all the excellent, and is as smooth as almost any party speak with rapture of the delight in England, and does the greatest credit they experienced in the trip, and declare to those who had the superintendence and they never passed a pleasanter day in execution of it. -13th Aug. 1823.

India. To those who have only one day


in the week in which they can, either for expressive eyes, and as sensible a counte recreation or the renovation of health, take nance as Lavater could have wished to see, a trip up the river to Chandernagore or and such as a Hindoo would not have Chinsurah, the steam-boat presents the deemed unworthy of a place at the heaonly eligible opportunity of indulging venly court of Indra. their inclination during the freshes, for • She was neatly dressed, in garments by any other water conveyance, when they of deep red, the festive colour of the for. prevail, the day would be half gone ere tunate, and was literally loaded with ornathey could reach the length of Serampore ments of gold and silver ; she held a cocoa

The present party was planned by nut in her hand, which she was continually Mr. John Hunter, and composed partly tossing up and catching, singing all the of some of the officers of H.M.S. Jupi. while “ Sut debee," “ Ramchundra sut ter, and several resident gentlemen of de,” “ Seeta Ram kee jae :"_“ StrengthCalcutta. They are unanimous in recom en me, oh goddess!" “ Divine Ramchunmending the steam-boat to the patronage dra, give me firmness !” “ All hail to Seeta, of the public. The hire of her for a day and glory be to Ram !” and other senis 200 rupees : but when it is considered tences of a similar nature. how numerous a party she will accommo “ She appeared distressed if any of us date, and that the division of expense spoke to her; and to an offer of money will reduce it to a mere trifle for indivi- replied, “What would be the use of heaps duals, it will not, we think, be deemed of gold to me, who am determined to extravagant, more particularly when her follow my husband? Why do you intervery superior accommodations, and the fere with our ancient customs, that have velocity and certainty with which the trip been for ever, and for ever shall be? I may be performed in her, are taken into am determined to burn myself, whether I account. We ardently hope that the pub- have your permission or not.' And then, lic spirit of Calcutta will never suffer the looking upwards with a smile, she confirst steam-boat that ever glided over the tinued, “Oh, Ramchundra! give me firmwaters of the Hooghly to become a losing ness, that I may burn.' concern to the individuals interested in the “ It was about five o'clock when per. property of her, for want of their patron- mission came from the judge for her to age. Forbid it, all ye on whom fortune burn herself; but it was not to take place has bestowed the means of averting a re- in the cantonment. This was scarcely com. sult so discouraging to all future efforts to municated to her when she started up, promote the cause of science and the arts, and rather flew than ran forwards, the crowd and add to the sum of human enjoyment. making way for her. A Brahmin and - Cal. Journ., Aug. 12.

her brother-in-law took hold of her arms, hastened with her for about a mile to the

Soorujkoond (a beautiful tank to the east(Letter from Meerut, dared 3d July 1823.) ward of the town of Meerut), and on the

“ Between three and four o'clock in the banks of which are groves, rendered sacred afternoon a tremendous uproar was heard by a number of Hindoo temples, and in the bazar adjoining the lines of the bat tombs of Fakeers. talion of Native Infanty, and the rumour “ In one of these groves a pile was imof a suttee was soon spread on all sides. mediately raised; it was hollow like a I hastened out, and passing through an cradle in the middle; into this the poor immense crowd of people with gay and woman was assisted, and without shewing holiday faces, reached the spot, scarce two the Icast alarm or hesitation sat down, and hundred yards distant from our bungalows, taking off all her ornaments, gave them to where a few Brahmins were rejoicing over her brother-in-law; he gave her a mouththeir willing victim, and whispering en ful of something to eat, and a draught couragement in her ears.

from his lota; after which she reclined « She was seated close to a small pile of her head on a log of wood, and, I believe, wood prepared for sacrifice; her father, neither moved or spoke after. brother, and a few other near relatives “ Not a moment was now lost ; several were with her, waiting with Hindoo pa- large vessels of ghee were emptied on her tience and indifference for the event. The head, and a shower of wood fell on her Brahmins, as well as herself, appeared to from all sides, till the pile rose several be inspired with that which the indulgent feet above her head, so that it was quite commentators of Hafiz piously interpret impossible for her to have moved, and a into divine love : but with how much jus- quantity of dry straw and reeds was thrown tice I am not competent to determine. over it.

“ She was not one of those simple look. “ It was then set fire to, and the whole ing little girls that one imagines may be was immediately in a blaze. A few of the easily persuaded to any thing; nor was people near the pile began to run round she exactly what an Englishman would it, shouting all the while, but not so loud have called a beauty ; but a fine full-form as to have prevented my hearing if the ed woman of two-and-twenty, with large woman had screamed at all, for I was not


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