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fits, we should not have, now, to bear the shame and the regret of having obtained an extension of the sphere of civilization, at the deplorable price of the extirpation of the North American race; the monstrous system of negro slavery might have perished in its infancy, with the necessities which gave it birth; Great Britain and America might still have been one people, or, if we had parted, it would have been on better terms; and the hatred of England, which is entertained by the descendants of England, would not have existed in that intensity and singleness which threatens future calamities. England, perhaps, has not yet paid the full penalty of having permitted the destruction of one of the tribes of man. But I had not intended to say more of the plans of Berkeley, than that I will not estimate at any lower rate the similar motives of the first Bishop of Calcutta: all circumstances considered, I doubt whether the sacrifice contemplated by the one was greater than that which was made by the other; who, at a greater distance from his country, and in the burning climate of Bengal, persevered so long in the dedication of his fortune, his time, and his whole powers, to the ungrateful task which he had set before him; and, seeking no common reward, has at last died poor.

We are invited to assist in building up his monument, and we shall all, I believe, join cheerfully in this last office, not from any indistinct and foolish notion that the tomb is to be raised as a reward to him whose name will be written on it; but regarding it as a natural result of his meritorious life, and an obvious mode of giving expression to the feelings which have arisen at his death. If we must look for some utility in the measure, let it be found in its excitement of others; even of those who are engaged in the service of the church. I indulge in the belief that, to the public expression of grief and admiration which the death of the late Bishop called forth in England, it may in some degree be owing, that we are to have a successor, who is not inferior to him in any great or good qualities. I must speak cautiously of the feelings of one who is entering upon solemn and arduous duties: but thus much I will venture to say of the excellent person to whom I allude, that, whatever higher and more holy motives may have supervened, twenty years cannot have so deadened his warm feelings, and obliterated his early character, that he will hear with insensibility of the honours paid to his predecessor. I think, with satisfaction, that a part of the support of which he will feel the want, may be derived from the hope now held out to him, that in after-times his name also may be read upon the national sepulchres of his country.

The following Resolutions were unanimously agreed to. That this meeting have learned with the most lively satisfaction, from the resolutions of the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge,which have now been read, that a monument is to be erected to the memory of the late Lord Bishop of Calcutta, in the cathedral church of St. Paul's. That this meeting are grateful for the opportunity now offered them of adding their names to those of the Society in England, in record of their veneration for the memory of their first Bishop, the founder of diocesan and district committees in India, to whose valuable counsel, and gene. rous assistance this committee are indebted for the most important effects of their institution. That, in conformity with the resolution of the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, which limits the contributions towards the monument “to the amount of each member's annual subscription to the Society,” the contributions of the members of the Madras District Committee, be limited to the sum which, at the exchange of the day, will give one guinea in England, that sum being equivalent to the proportion of the local subscription which is appropriated as a donation by the Society. That subscriptions be received by the treasurer, Messrs. Arbuthnot and Co., and by the secretary; and that the amount, when collected, be transmitted, with a copy of these resolutions, to the Board in London. That these resolutions be communicated to the members of the committee resident in the provinces, and to those at the Presidency who have not attended this meeting. At the motion of the Hon. H.S. Graeme, Agreed unanimously, that the thanks of the meeting be given to Sir Charles Grey, for the excellent address delivered by him. Agreed unanimously, that the thanks of the meeting be given to the Venerable the Archdeacon for having convened the meeting, and for his obliging conduct in the chair. Edward VAUGHAN, Chairman.

, IMPROVEMENT's AT MADRAs. (Extract of a Letter addressed to the Editor of the Madras ("ourier.) In taking a retrospective view of Madras for the last twenty years, it is very gratifying to behold how greatly it is improved. Indeed, Sir, after an absence of ten years, I was much pleased with a view of the country on re-landing at the beach; the appearance so much improved. St. George's and St. Andrew's churches, besides chapels), added to St. Mary's; the British fair increased in number; European articles and foreign wines flowing in abundance at Messrs. Griffiths', Laird's, Cox, and Franks' in succession to Mr. Hope; wise laws continuing to suppress vice; newspapers in daily circulation; public as well as private places established for cultivating the minds of our offspring. But my hopes centered in the welfare of two daughters. I had cause for grief when I perceived they had been deprived of (I may add) all education; for the demand of thirty pags, a month at Mrs. Balfour's school, being much beyond the power of a poor old subaltern to pay, a negligent education at the Female Asylum was all they had for nearly eight years. I do not mention this as a disparagement to that laudable institution, where upwards of 300 children are supported on charity : but I would propose an amendment, that a regular master or teacher (a married man), one known at the settlement, be engaged for that institution, on any small salary, that the children may have the advantage of the early education intended them, and thereby make it convenient to those poor officers of the army, who prefer placing their children there, rather than at a boarding-school. I found Madras pos. sessed with masters also for all accomplishments; and with the assistance of Messrs. Zscharpel for music, Harvey for schooling, Raynaud for dancing, and Ignatio for drawing, my daughters are now able to make a pretty good figure in company and conversations, and much to their credit did these persons acquit this charge. I shall not encroach longer on your time, but merely add, the country bears an improved appearance.gapatam ” upon their respective regimental colours and appointments. The 1st bat. 2d regt. N.I. 1st do. 3d do. 1st do. 4th do. to bear on their regimental colours and appointments the further honorary distinction of “Sedaseer,” in commemoration of their brilliant success when opposed by the largest body of Tippoo Sultan's principal troops, commanded by himself in person, on the 6th March 1799, and sustaining for the greater part of the day the repeated warm attacks of the enemy's army, after they had surrounded them on all sides. The 2d bat. 1st (or Gr. Regt.) N.I. 2d do. 6th regt. - - do. 1st do. 7th - - do. which sought at Kirkee 5th November 1817, to bear the word “Kirkee” upon their regimental colours and appointments. It being the intention of Government to confer medals or other appropriate distinctions on small detachments, and on individuals who may signalize themselves in action, the Governor in Council directs that commanding officers will be careful to point out all such instances to his notice, in reporting any services on which they may be engaged.

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For the Deputy Medical Storekeepers of the Poona, Surat and Northern Divisions. One head assistant, with the rank, pay and privileges of an assistant apotheCary. . . . . . . . . --------------------- ....Rs. 44 One second ditto as writer, with the rank, pay and privileges of a 2d native assistant......................... Two packers and store servants, at six rupees each.... ... 12 One peon, at ditto. ..................... 6 Stationery, petty stores, sicklagur, &c. 16

Total 98

BADGEs of Iron or ARY DISTINCTION TO rtec inients.

Bombay Castle, May 20, 1823. – In order to perpetuate the remembrance of the acknowledged bravery and discipline of the Bombay, army, when engaged with the enemy in the field, the Hon. the Governor in Council is pleased to direct, that the following regiments and battalions shall bear on their colours and appointments the badges of honorary distinction hereafter specified, in addition to any honorary badges already bestowed on them. Regiment of Artillery.—The two companies which were commanded by Captains Bailie and Torriano at the siege and capture of Seringapatam, in 1799, to bear on their appointments the word “Seringapatam.” The two companies which were commanded in Egypt in 1802 by Captains Powell and Smith, to bear on their appointments the emblem of the sphynx, and the word “Egypt.” The third company, a detachment of which was engaged in the battle of Assye, on the 23d September 1803, the word “Assye ’’ on their appointments; and Captain Hardy's company, a detachment of which was engaged in the battle of Kirkee on the 5th November 1817, the word “Kirkee” on its appointments; in testimony of their services on those memorable occasions. The Bombay European Regiment, which served at the siege and capture of Seringapatam, and were engaged in the battle of Kirkee, to bear the words “Seringapatam and Kirkee" upon its regimental colours and appointments. The 1st battalian 1st or Grenadier Regiment Native Infantry, to bear the word “Mangalore" upon its regimental colours and appointments, in consideration of its distinguished valour and discipline at the siege of that place in 1782. The 1st bat. 2d regt. N.I.

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Effects or pecreased officerts. Bombay Castle, July 19, 1823.-The Governor in Council, considering the trouble and inconvenience to which the commanding officers of European and native corps are occasionally subject, in collecting the full amount for which the effects of a deceased officer may have been sold, when taken charge of by them according to the articles of war, is pleased to declare that all officers who have or may hereafter purchase the effects of deceased officers, at public sales in camp, or at military stations, and are or may be prevented from paying for the same according to the terms of sale, by unforeseen circumstances, shall be liable to be called upon for such debts by the divisional paymaster within whose range they may happen to be serving, or by the regimental paymaster, according to the following scale: For Debts under 1,000 Rupees. Colonels of regts., per month...Rs. 250 Lieutenant Colonels...do............

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Colonels of regiments ......Rs. 300

Lieutenant-colonels .... ... 250

Majors .............. ... 200

Captains ---------.......... 150

The rule is considered only to apply where the responsible officer deems such a mode of proceeding expedient for the recovery of money for which he is rendered answerable by the articles of war and rules of the service, and not to be resorted to upon every occasion of the sale of such property when the purchasers continue upon the spot.

ADJUTANT Appoint MENTs. Bombay Castle, Aug. 4, 1823. – The Hon. the Governor in Council having been led to a consideration of the allow. ances to officers of his Majesty's and the Honourable Company's service below the rank of Lieutenant, holding the appointment of Adjutant of a regiment or battalion, is pleased to permit second-lieutenants, cornets, or ensigns, when thus situated, to draw the batta and gratuity of a lieutenant in lieu of their regimental rank. To have effect from the 4th Jan. 1823. MILITARY APPoINTMENTS, PROMOTIONS, &c. Bombay Castle, June 27, 1823. Messrs. Wm. Dougall Cruikshanks and John Corrie Bowater admitted Cadets of Infantry, and promoted to the rank of Ensign. 9th Regt. N.I. Lieut. J. Sinclair Jameson to act as Adjutant to 2d bat, during absence of Lieut. H. N. Corsellis, on fur. lough to Broach.-Ens. James Harvy to be Lieut. vice Hughes, deceased; date of rank, June 19, 1823. Lieut. Stephen Clements, 1st bat. 11th N.I., at his own request, placed on Invalid Pension List. Lieut. Othniel Gidly, 11th regt., tendered his resignation of Hon. Company's service. July 11, 1823. Lieut. Thomas Henry Ottley, 2d regt. N.I., to be brought upon effective strength, vice Lieut. John G. Birds, deceased on 2d inst. July 14, 1823. Ordnance Department. Sub-Conduct. John Kilkenny to be Conductor, vice Hannah, deceased.—Serj. Maj. John Porter to be a Conductor, in room of Wilson, pensioned. 7th Regt. N.I. Ensign Alfred Bradford to be Lieut., vice Thackthwaite, deceased. 11th Regt. N.I. Supernum. Lieut. John Attencurrow to be brought upon effective strength, vice Othniel Gidley, resigned.— Ens. W. Paul Phipps to be Lieut, vice S. H. Clements, placed on Invalid Pension List.

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July 19, 1823. Messrs. J. Brownrigg Belassis, George Wilson, John Jackson, Thos. Gamble Fraser, George Johnson, and Edward Samuel Thompson, admitted Cadets of Infantry, and promoted to rank of Ensign. Messrs. Samuel Love and David Forbes admitted on the establishment as Assist. Surgeons. July 21, 1823. Lieut.Wilson, Quart. Mast. and Interp., 2d Light Cav., to superintend repairs authorized to be made in public buildings at

Lieut. Thomas Leighton, 7th N. I., a Cadet of season 1807, to have brevet rank of Capt. from 4th June last. Medical Estab.-Surg. James Dow to take rank vice G. Colquhoun, retired; date of rank Oct. 1, 1821.—Surg. Edm. C. Harrison to take rank vice Baird, deceased; ditto Nov. 6, 1821.-Surg. Chas. Daw, deceased, to take rank vice Jukes, deceased ; ditto Nov. 11, 1821.-Surg. Rich. Sharpe to take rank vice Taylor, deceased; ditto Dec. 7, 1821.-Surg. Thos. P. Weeks to take rank vice Mitchell, retired; ditto Jan. 3, 1822.-Surg. Andrew Gibson, M.D., to take rank vice W. Aitkin, deceased; ditto April 16, 1822.-Surg. James McAdam to take rank vice W. Hall, deceased; ditto Aug. 16, 1822. —Surg. Rich. Hartley Kennedy, M.D., to take rank, vice C. Dawe, deceased ; ditto Dec. 12, 1822–Surg. John Warner to take rank vice Panton, deceased; ditto Dec. 22, 1822.-Surg. George A. Stuart to take rank vice Maxwell, promoted; ditto Feb. 18, 1823.-Sen. Assist. Surg. Howell Powell to be Surg. vice Strachan, promoted to Superint. Surgeon; ditto May 11, 1823. July 26, 1823. Ens. A. Burns to perform duties of Quart. Mast. and Interp. to 2d bat. 11th N.I. Lieut. Bartlett, 1st bat. 9th N.I., to act as Adjutant to Field Detachment of Guicawar Subsidiary Force under Capt. Garraway, from 11th June. June 31, 1823. Assist. Surg. J. A. Sinclair to act, during absence to Presidency of Mr. Dalgairns, as Civil Surgeon in Candeish. Aug. 4, 1823. Invalid Bat.—Lieut. W. Pouget, 2d bat. 5th N.I., to be Adjutant vice Robson, promoted; date of rank, Aug. 1, 1823. 5th Regt. Lieut. J. Farquharson to be Adjutant to 2d bat. vice Pouget, appointed to Invalid Bat.; Aug. 1, 1823. Aug. 7, 1823. Lieut. A. F. Johnson, 1st bat. 9th regt., to act as Assist. to Capt. Cruickshank, Superintending Revenue and Topographical Surveys in Guzerat, during absence of Licut. Dumaresq, on sick certificate.

Aug. 8, 1823. Assist. Surg. Pringle to assume charge of medical duties of Garrison of Broach, on departure of Assist. Surg. Fraser to Presidency, on sick certificate. Lieut. Froward, 7th N. I. to act as Adjut. to 1st bat. Aug. 12, 1823. Assist. Surg. Anderson, H. C.’s ship Discovery, relieved from marine duty; and Mr. Mackell, now in the Psyche, transferred to the Discovery. Sub. Assist. Surg. Vaughan, at present in medical charge of the Aurora, will join the Psyche in room of Mr. Mackell. Aug. 21, 1823. 1st Bat. 5th Regt. N. I. Lieut. Teasdale, 1st bat. 1st or Grenad. Regt. N. I. to officiate as Interp. during suspension of Lieut. Meldrum; date of appoint. April 26, 1823,-Lieut. Cathcart, to perform duties of Quart. Mast.; ditto. 2d Bat. 8th Regt. N. I. Lieut. Bernard McMahon to act as Adjut. during absence of Lieut. and Adjut. Collis, on sick certificate; date of appoint. Aug. 5, 1823. Aug. 23, 1828. Lieut.Col. Mackonochie confirmed in command of Troops in Cutch from date of his assuming charge. Aug. 25, 1823. Ordnance Depart. Sub-Conduct. Nicholas Hughes to be Conductor vice Wilkinson dismissed from situation by sentence of Gen. Court-martial; date of appoint. Aug. 6, 1823. MARINE APPOINTMENTS. łombay Castle, June 26, 1823. E. W. Harris to be 1st Lieut, vice Grubb, deceased; date of rank, May 9, 1823. Aug. 1, 1823. 2d Lieut. Robert Cogan to be ist Lieut., vice Barnes, deceased; date of rank, May 9, 1823. 2d Lieut. John Sawyer to be 1st Lieut. ditto ditto. 2d Lieut. Wm. Rose to be 1st Lieut. vice Watson, deceased; date of rank, July 10, 1823. Sen. Midshipman C. Barnard, to be 2d Lieut., vice Cogan, promoted; date of rank, May 4, 1823. Sen. Midshipman Robert Lowe to be 2d Lieut. vice Harris, promoted; date of rank, May 9, 1823. Sen. Midshipman Oliph Spencer to be 2d Lieut. vice Sawyer, promoted; ditto ditto. Sen. Midshipman Charles Wells to be 2d Lieut. vice Rose, promoted; date of rank, July 10, 1823.

FURLOUGHS, To Europe. July 11. P. Y. Waugh, 1st Bengal Nat. Cavalry, for his health.

Aug. 2. Lieut. D. Liddell, 5th N. I.

25. Assist. Surg. John Granville Griffith, for one year, on his private affairs.

To Cape of Good Hope.

June 23. Capt. Joseph Walker, of Ar

tillery, for ten months, on sick certificate. Cancelled.

June 21. Major Litchfield, 2d L.C.,

to Europe.

MISCELLANEOUS. HISTORICAL Account of the INDIA-built ship swallow,

Lost in the river Hooghly, 16th June, 1823."

The Swallow was built in Bombay dock-yard, by Manackjee Lowjee, the head builder, uncle to the late Jamsetjee Bomanjee. She was laid down in 1777, and launched on 2d April 1778. first employed as a Company's packet, and made several trips to England; she was then taken into the Bombay marine, and after a short time-returned to the packet service, in which she continued for-many •years.

She was commanded by the following persons, viz. Captains Bendy, Hall, Penny (while in the Marine), Anderson, Curtis, Clifton, and Suard; and, during the period she was employed as a packet, the following public characters were passengers on board her: Lord Macartney, returning to England from his government of Madras; Lord Cornwallis, on his appointment to India as Governor General. She conveyed the same nobleman back to England from Calcutta; Sir John Shore, from his supreme government; Mr. Petrie, from the council at Madras; and various other functionaries of rank.

About the year 1800, the Swallow not being required as a packet, was sold to the Danes; fitted in London, and went to Copenhagen; whence she is supposed to have proceeded to the West-Indies: but while there, was seized by a British man of war for a breach of treaty, and condemned as a prize. She was cut out from her anchorage by a sloop of war, after a severe action, in which the British lost a number of her crew.

She was then purchased into the King's service, became the Silly sloop of war, and was latterly commanded by Capt. Sheriff; after serving some time in the West-Indies, she was, on her passage home, dismasted, and received other damage, in a violent gale of wind.

On her return to England, she was sold out of the King's service, and bought by some merchants in London; made three voyages to this her parent port as a free trader, and was lost in Bengal, on her fourth voyage outward.—[Bom. Gaz., July 30.

* Wide our Number for January last, p. 96.

She was .

IMPROVEMENTs in The Fort AND Town OF BoM.B.AY.

We understand that the Government, with that peculiar attention which ever marks its regard for the comfort of the native inhabitants, has sanctioned the opening, at a considerable expense, of a new sallyport, and a bridge across the ditch, to facilitate the communication with the wells on the Esplanade: it being understood that the late garrison regulations about the church gate, which prohibit persons from passing with water after nine o'clock in the morning, bear hard on the lower order of natives within the town, particularly during the hot weather.—[Bom. Gaz. July 9. In consequence of the late alarming and destructive fire, which broke out among the cotton bales on the Green, our readers will learn, with pleasure, that a committee, composed of public officers of Government and gentlemen belonging to the leading mercantile houses at the Presidency, has been appointed to consider the best means of obviating a similar danger to the town from placing cotton on the Green, and to report on the possibility of removing the cotton to some safer place, without occasioning an unnecessary loss to individuals. The plan suggested by the committee, which we are happy to understand has met with the concurrence of Government, is to appropriate a part of the Esplanade, near the Apollo pier, now occupied by timber, for the reception of cotton; to widen the pier, so as to admit of the erection of conveniences for landing the cotton on it; and the stones used in the work to be taken from the beach adjoining the pier, in order to make a smooth channel for boats to take the ground at low water. The great danger from fire, whether from accident or design, to the whole property within the fort, cannot fail to cause this arrangement to be viewed with the greatest satisfaction by all classes of the society. Although but a secondary consideration, there is also some room for congratulation on the score of appearance. The huge piles of cotton which have hitherto covered the Green, are no doubt indicative of the commercial importance of Bombay, but can scarcely be considered as ornamental appendages to the great square of the fort; a space of ground which we hope, on some future day, to see surrounded with buildings worthy of the good taste and public spirit of the people. At the same time, this extensive area will be always available for the exercise of the troops in garrison, the purpose for which it was originally intended.—Ibid. A great many improvements have been lately made, within the last few months, in

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