« AnteriorContinuar »
President of the Committee. The Bishop having offered the usual prayers, addressed the meeting at some length. He spoke with much feeling of his last parting with the society in London, and of the solemn charge committed to his hands by some of the best and wisest men in the church; he spoke of their zeal for the spiritual interests of the East, and of his own anxious wish to further their Christian views so far as they lay in his power. His Lordship adverted more particularly to the subject of native education, and called upon the Committee to redouble their exertions in this important branch of their labours. In reference to this subject, it was most gratifying to the Committee to see at their board two Reverend Missionaries of the Church of England, recently commissioned by the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign Parts to superintend the department of education in the neighbourhood of Calcutta. Some classes of the children now receiving instruction in the Diocesan Committee's schools, near Bhoaneepore, attended before the meeting, and showed great proficiency in reading and writing, both Bengalee and English, as well as in other branches of the education afforded to them.
The arrival at Calcutta of a Catholic Bishop (whose diocese is Tibet!) is thus announced in one of the Indian news
papers. The Right Rev. Zenobia Maria de Florença, Bishop of Thermien, and Vicar Apostolic of Tibet, has recently arrived here from Rio de Janeiro. He was engaged in the Catholic Mission of Angola, in Africa, where he received his appointment from Rome, and proceeded hence from that place. After a residence there of ten months, he embarked for Calcutta in the brig Ulysses. He attended the old Catholic Church on the 9th Oct., and was received with the honour due to his rank and character. He has just left Calcutta for Chandernagore, where, we understand, he is to remain for about a month, when he will proceed on his mission to Silhet. He intends visiting the Catholic Churches at Patna, Bettiah, and Agra. The Bishop was accompanied by the Rev. Cazimiro da Pontremoli, an Italian priest, attached to the Tibet mission lately arrived at this place from Cairo, by way of the Red Sea, in a Turkish vessel. We quote the following paragraph, relating to the Tibet mission, from the Monthly Magazine for June 1823: “If credit be due to the Roman jourmal, entitled Diario Romano, the Queen of Tibet has requested of the Pope eighty missionaries of the college de Propaganda Fide, to introduce Christianity, and for Asiatic Journ.—No. 101.
the conversion of her subjects. Five ca: puchins have already set out for that country. An Italian of Brescia has been in- " strumental in the queen's conversion; he now acts as her prime minister.” It is rumoured, that the bishop, will permanently reside either at Tibet, or in the dominions of her highness the Begum Sumroo, as he is to preside over the mission from the Propaganda Fide, at Rome, or as it is commonly called, the Italian mission in Hindustan. It would be well if the bishop would take our north-eastern frontier in his route to Tibet, and visit the very numerous Catholic Christians who are to be found from Goalpara to Joghigopa, in a most wretched condition; particularly in every thing connected with Christian instruction and the ordinances of religion. We believe the Italian mission has not yet completely recovered from the distress into which it was plunged, in consequence of the blow struck by Buonaparte at Rome, and the capture of the venerable head of the church. The stated pecuniary remittances from Rome have not been renewed to this day, since that period; and but few missionaries have yet been sent out to supply the places of those who have departed this life to render an account of their ministry, and of those whose hands have been enfeebled by age in the service of the altar. Owing to the circumstance we have noticed, we learn that the Christians on our frontiers have not had a pastor among them during the low state of the mission.
The very Reverend Doctor Jacobus, an Armenian by birth, but a dignitary of the Catholic Church, has recently arrived at Calcutta from Rome,
The Rev. D. Corrie, LL.B., Senior Chaplain of this Presidency, was installed Archdeacon of Calcutta with the usual ceremonies, on the 25th October.
MADRAs.-Our intelligence from this Presidency is down to the beginning of January. The most interesting occurrence we have to mention, is the establishment of a male and female Orphan Asylum in the Black Town for such children as are not eligible to be admitted into the military asylums. The foundation stone of the edifice to be erected was laid by the masonic body with the mummery with which they usually amuse themselves on such occasions.
Sir Charles G. Metcalfe, Bart., Resi. dent at Hyderabad, had been so seriously Wol. XVII. 4 E
indisposed that he was obliged to leave Hyderabad, for Calcutta, to obtain the best medical advice. The Government yacht had been sent from Calcutta for him early in November. The scarcity of grain in the line of country between Nellore and Gonjoon, was so excessive, that many families in the vicinity of Ingeram had gone without food for two and three days. Government had, however, taken up ships to convey rice to Coringa.
On the night of the 22d December, a vast multitude assembled in the 13|ack Town, and proceeded to break open some of the rice stores belonging to native merchants, which were plundered, and much grain carried off. Guards of native troops were sent to protect property of this description; the mob, however, behaved in a most daring and outrageous' manner towards the sepoys, while the latter, we understand, acted with the greatest forbearance, under very trying circumstances; two of the mob, however, are reported to be wounded, and one killed. It is imagined, that not less than 100,000 persons were collected.
Patrick Gorman, a conductor of ordnance, has been sentenced to twelve months' imprisonment, and to pay a fine of 100 pagodas, for a wanton and unprovoked attack upon a native with a drawn sword. He was addressed by Sir E. Stanley, in a very appropriate and impressive manner.
Boxshay.—The following account of a Suttee will be read with peculiar interest.
Ertract of a Letter from Poorah, dated Oct 4, 1823. Should you deem the following account of a suttee, that took place here the other day, worthy of a place in your paper, you will oblige a subscriber, and perhaps benefit the cause of humanity by so doing. The victim chosen for this cruel and ungodly exhibition was the widow of a Bramin, who died in the south Concan some days prior to this ceremony. On approaching the fatal spot, she was preceded by two led horses handsomely caparisoned, and attended by ten or twelve Bramins, and about the same number of women, with music, drums, &c. Few spectators accompanied the procession, considering the scene of action
was in the immediate neighbourhood of the city, near the old palace. At first sight of the woman I was immediately convinced, in common with others, that she was more or less intoxicated ; but before the various ceremonies were gone through, which on such occasions precede the act of burning, those doubts had given place to a perfect conviction that she was in her sober senses, and fully aware of the dreadful act she was about to perform. Of this I am the more satisfied from the question having been frequently put to her by the European gentlemen present, “whether it was her wish to be burnt,” to which she always returned the same answer, “that she knew what she was doing, and that it was her own pleasure to burn.” Having offered the more harmless sacrifice of incense on a small fire from which the pile that was to consume her body was afterwards to be lighted, and having parted with all her golden ornaments to those in attendance, she deliberately, and without shedding a single tear, took a last leave of all she held dear on earth, ascended the pile, and there laid herself down with the ashes of her deceased husband tied round her neck. The entrance was then closed with dry straw, and the whole pile surrounded with the same light material, and immediately set fire to by the officiating priests. I had placed myself directly opposite the entrance to the pile, and could distinctly see the unfortunate victim struggling to escape. This did not pass unob. served by the attending Bramins, who instantly began to knock down the canopy, which, containing nearly as much wood as the pile itself, could have effectually secured their victim in the fire had it fallen on her. All this while no one except the officiating Bramins interfered; but when the sufferer did make her escape from the flames, and, running towards the river, either fell or threw herself at the feet of Mr. T., that gentleman, assisted by Mr. S., immediately carried, or rather dragged her into the water, in which the latter gentleman suffered by incautiously laying hold of her burning garments. An attempt was now made by the officiating priests to carry back their victim to the blazing pile, which was resisted by the gentlemen present, and one of their number was dispatched to acquaint the Magistrate of her escape, and learn his pleasure regarding her; but before the messenger could return with an answer from the civil authority, the Bramins had persuaded the unfortunate woman once more to approach the pile. And, as she declared, on being questioned by those present, that it was her own wish to reascend the pile, they stood aloof, fearful of giving offence to the prejudices of the native population on the one hand, or to the civil authorities on the other. She declined, however, for some time, to ascend the pile, when three of the attending priests lifted her up on their arms, and threw her on the fire, which at this time was burning with great fury. From this dreadful situation the miserable wretch instantly attempted for the second time to make her escape; but the merciless priests were at hand to prevent this, if possible, by throwing large pieces of wood at their victim, of putting a speedy termination to her sufferings. But it was impossible for any man of the smallest pretension to feeling, to stand by and witness such cruelty, and therefore the gentlemen present again interfered, when the victim speedily made her escape a second time from the fire, and ran directly into the river without any assistance whatever. The unfortunate woman had no sooner entered the river, than she was followed by three of the officiating bramins, who were told to desist from all further persuasion, as nothing further would be permitted until the arrival of the magistrates. Not doubting their compliance with this so very reasonable request, they were allowed to remain with the woman in the water; but no sooner had the Europeans turned their backs, anxiously looking out for the arrival of authority, to put a stop to such cruel and diabolical proceedings, than the same three men who had thrown her on the pile, attempted to drown the suffering wretch by forcibly throwing her down and holding her under water. From this attempt she was speedily rescued by Mr. A. and Mr. M., who supported her in the water till the arrival of the long looked-for deliverance. The Collector himself soon followed, and to the great joy of a few of the bystanders, he immediately ordered the principal performers in this tragical scene into confinement, and the chief actor or rather sufferer, to be carried to the hospital. I regret to add, the woman died about noon the following day, forsaken by all her own relations as an outcast unworthy creature. P.S. As soon as the horrid circumstances attending this suttee reached the ears of the magistrate, all the persons concerned in it were taken into custody, that their conduct might be judicially inquired into. EASTERN Islands.-The following dubious intelligence appeared in a Calcutta Journal of Nov. 6. Ertracts of a Letter from Penang, dated the 2d Oct. “ A Dutch schooner with 10,000 stand of arms from Amsterdam, for the use of the Siamese, passed Singapore, and dropped a passenger there.
“The boats of the Tees sloop-of-war were immediately despatched after the Dutchman but she eluded their vigilance and escaped. Another schooner, with a similar cargo, was to sail a few days after the one before mentioned. I conclude the Tees will keep a sharp look-out after her.
The following proclamation by the Governor of Manilla gives a comprehensive, though brief account of the dreadful affairs which happened in that city on the 3d June last. It is translated from a Spanish copy.
“Citizens' The high and incomprehensible providence of the Supreme Being— of the God of your fathers, who by means of the Spanish Government converted you from the state of savages to that of Catholic Christians, gathering you within the pale of his Holy Church, and watching constantly for your preservation and that of your families, ordained that I should arrive at these Islands, with a chosen band of faithful and valiant officers, to confound the perfidious machinations of wicked and ambitious men who aspired to the sovereignty of them. Ever averse to the effusion of blood, I merely banished from this beautiful country the wretches who sought to trample on you, but so far from this lenient conduct making any impression, agents of these were still found, who could not only conceive the same wild and daring projects, but attempt their execution by force of arms. On the 3d of the present month (June), the wicked Novales, ex-captain in the King's Regiment, with the ex-sublieutenant of the same corps, Ruiz, and the principal part of the serjeants, having first corrupted their ignorant soldiers, traitorously assassinated the worthy Lieut.Governor and Sub-Inspector of the army, his Excellency Don M. F. de Folgueras. Their design was to get possession of the citadel of Santiago, and of the city, but failing in the first part of it by the energetic measures of Serjeant-Major Don Placido Duro, they notwithstanding got possession of the palace and magazine, making several officers and others prisoners. Informed of this horrible attempt, I flew with the utmost speed, and at the head of a small column composed of the gallant artillery-men, the brave grenadiers of the Queen's Regiment, a few of the Prince's and Light Cavalry of Luzon, and entering the city, supported by the brave battalion of Pampangos, under the command of their excellent officers (whose names shall be published) and by the Light Cavalry of Luzon, routed the cowards; who, shut up in the palace and town-hall, still kept up a faint firing, from hence they were soon driven by our brave men, and the whole made prisoners; the infa. mous Novales and Ruiz, with twenty-one other traitors, have been shot by the sentence of a Court-martial; but the lives of the soldiers and corporals, who were the blind instruments of their wickedness, have been spared. “The design of Novales was to make himself emperor of the Philippines, plunder the churches, convents, and other public institutions, together with the houses of individuals; murder every Indian or European who might resist; impose new contributions on the inhabitants to enrich himself, and then escape with the booty; but that Divine Providence which watches over this favoured part of the Spanish nation, permitted not such wickedness. The sword, the terrible sword of the law, confided to my hand, and supported by the God of Battles, shall sweep to destruction the first who shall dare to disturb the public tranquillity. Inhabitants of the Philippines! the Spanish Government protects you, and its beneficent laws ensure your liberty. You have not bent to the usurping tyrants, who would plunge you in misery and ignominious slavery ; and be assured that to protect you, no one will be readier to shed his blood than the Captain-General of these Islands. “ JUAN ANTosio MARTINEz.”
Ertract of a Letter from the Ship Nearchus.
“ The Nearchus sailed from Huasco on the coast of South America on the 26th January, bound to Calcutta, and the same night at 9 o'clock, when distant from the land thirty-five miles, felt a violent shock of an earthquake, which lasted nearly four minutes. From thence had a pleasant passage of 88 days to the China Sea, in latitude 12 44 North, and longitude 118° 40 East. There we suddenly lost the N. E. wind, which was succeeded by a calm of several days, and light airs from the S. E. This appeared to indicate the finish of the N. E. monsoon, and having only provisions for a direct passage to Calcutta, put into Manilla for a supply, which we obtained, and sailed again on the 12th May, intending to take the passage by the way of Sooloo and Macassar Straits. On the 24th of the same month, we were off the islands of Bassulan and Mindanao, and were there becalmed three days. On the 27th at day-light in the morning, observed a fleet of Malay prows, 26 in number, full of men, bearing down on the ship; made every preparation to receive them ; they however did not attack us, but lay to, a short distance astern, when three other very large prows joined them from Bassulan, as well as small ones coming out of every little creek and bay. It was evidently plaim to every one on board, they intended an attack, and only waited for night or reinforcements which were every minute joining them. We
We lately alluded to the formation of a College at Singapore. It was our intention to present our readers with a full account of its plan and objects in our present number; but our limited space will only allow us to insert the following brief statement : The objects of the Institution are First. To educate the sons of the higher order of natives and others. Secondly. To afford the means of instruction in the native languages to such of the Company's servants and others as may desire it, and Thirdly. To collect the scattered literature and traditions of the country, with whatever may illustrate their laws and customs, and to publish and circulate in a correct form the most important of these, with such other works as may be calculated to raise the character of the Institution, and to be useful and instructive to the people. The College will be supported by voluntary subscriptions and endowments, by the fees which it will derive from Students, and by the profits from the press and the cultivation of the College lands.
EAST-INDIA HOUSE. April 7. A Court of Directors was held, when Capt. Barrow was sworn into the command of the ship General Hewitt, consigned to Bengal direct. 14. A Court of Directors was held, when the thanks of the Court were voted, unanimously, to the Chairman and Deputy Chairman, for their zeal and atten. tion to the Company's interest during the last year. The following Commanders took leave of the Court previous to departing for their respective destinations, viz. –Capt. W. E. Farrer, of the Orwell; Capt. J. S. H. Fraser, of the Marquess of Huntly; Capt. W. Haviside, of the Thames; and Capt. T.Williams, of the Princess Amelia; for China direct. 19. The despatches for China, by the ship Princess Amelia, were closed and delivered to the purser of that ship. 24. The despatches were closed and delivered to the pursers of the following ships, viz.:-The Orwell, Capt. W. E. Farrer; and the Marquess of Huntly, Capt. J. S. H. Fraser, for China direct. APPOINTMENTS. William Turner, Esq., to be Secretary to his Majesty's Embassy at the Sublime Ottoman Porte. John Home Purves, Esq., to be his Majesty's Consul for the State of East and West Florida, to reside at Pensacola. Admiral Sir Geo. Martin, K.G.C.B., to have command of his Majesty's ships and vessels at Portsmouth, in the room of Admiral Sir James Hawkins Whitshed, K.C.B.
MISCELLANEOUS. The subject of the Press in India, is likely to undergo a lengthened discussion in Parliament ; Mr. Lambton having given notice of his intention of entering fully into the question on the 25th May.
The cession of Bencoolen to the Netherlands Government, has called forth several motions from Mr. Hume; the chief object of which is to secure the property of those settlers and natives, whom the liberality of British administration has encouraged to invest capital in the cultivation of spices. We fully agree with the Hon. Member, that it is absolutely incumbent upon Great Britain, in ceding the colony, to make effectual arrangements for this object.
The Committee of the Oriental Club have given up the plan of building in Margaret Street, and have, for the present, engaged a house (No. 16, Lower Grosvenor Street), to be fitted up for their use until a permanent establishment can be formed. This house will be ready for the reception of gentlemen of the club on the 1st June. The meeting to which we adverted in our last, took place on the 5th April, at the Thatched House, and was very numerously attended. Sir John Malcolm took the Chair, and, from the plan which he developed, we anticipate that the Oriental will be not only the richest, but the most economical club in London.
We hope the Committee, in fixing upon the ground for their projected club-house, will be in no haste, and that they will endeavour, if possible, to establish themselves in the neighbourhood of Hanover Square. The north side of Oxford Street is neither convenient nor fashionable; and very recently a similar undertaking failed, from a bad locality. Persons residing in London will do well to enrol such friends as are expected from the East before the final formation of the club renders the admission of new members a matter of difficulty and delay.
The Rev. Dr. Morrison, lately returned from China, has been presented at Court by the Right Hon. Charles Wynn. The labours of this distinguished individual, during the last seventeen years of his life, are beyond eulogium. He has indisputably surpassed all others, however valuable their labours, in giving us an insight into the character of the Chinese, and rendering the literature of that singular people ac cessible to Europeans. His Chinese dictionary, however our readers may be startled at the declaration, is in reality an entertaining work, and deserves in every sense the liberal patronage it has met with from the East-India Company.
Dr. Morrison has brought over with him a very extensive Chinese library, consisting, it is stated, of 10,000 volumes. As the principal objects of the learned collector were to make the European public acquainted with Chinese literature, and to advance, by all human means, the temporal and eternal interests of that distant nation, we hope that the expense he has incurred with such liberal and disinterested views,