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Excelsus. Sultanus Al- Malek edo

Eighth Specimen. Dhậher Rukn ed-duniya wa ed-din The Shiāhs frequently add, Aly is

Bibars. Kasim imperator Fidelium. the friend of God, as in No. 001 of MARGIN. Cut off.

the Numismata, being a specimen of the coins of the Fatimite Khalif di

: Egypt غرب بالسكندريه لااله .II

. AREA

الا الله محمد رسول الله ارسله المنصور بالله ابو الطاهر اسمعیل بن

الحق
التايم

بالهدي و دین

السبع وستين و

سنة

لااله الاالله محمد رسول .I.

AnEA
الله علي ولي الله

المنصور بالله الإمام أمير

.II

.
AREA
المومین

بالمنصورية ..

سليمان بن بایزید

Cuditur in Alexandria. Non est deus Al-Mansûr Billah abu al-Taber

nisi Deus. Muhammed est legatus Ismail ben al-Kaim, Dei, quem misit cum directione et

Third Fatimite khalf of Africa. religione vera. MARGIN. Anno (6) 67. (1268.) (3 dw. 19! gr.)

N.B. We here find the titles of the Non est deus nisi Deus. Muhammed Sultan and the Khalif of Egypt on the

est legatus Dei. Ali est amicus Dei. same area.

. Seventh Specimen. The Soonies frequently add the Al-Mansør-billah, imâm, princeps F names of the four first Khalifs, as in

delium. No. 4 of the Journal, and 382 of the Numismata, being a specimen of the Margin. Wallis ja ...... coins of one of the Ottoman Sovereigns.

... cuditur hoc (quartarium) in

Mansuriah....(15 grs.) Soleiman ben Bâyazid. It is not my wish to make any critical 1. Area. Imperfect toghra. wlaska Reinard, but I think those respecting

remarks on the elucidations of M.

“Father of victory,” and “ Alexander Soleiman ben Bayazid.

the Second" might have been omitted. II. AREA. N• ។

means a town, 806 (1403).

mon epithet applied to any place of

consequence. The word Abu-bekr. Omar. Othman. Ali, nounced gong, a village, and willing (15) gr. 17 gr.)

if any dependance can be placed on N.B. The Ottoman and Timourean etymology — the goldsmith's village. Princes did not acknowledge any of the Its elevation from a village to the sest late Khalifs. The inscription on a very fine medal struck at Delhi by the of the “History of Bengal."

of government, is described in page 79 Emperor Shāh Jehān, may be found in Richardson's Persian Dictionary, under

I am, Sir,

Your obedient servant, the word Show containing the names of the four first Khalifs.

May 21st, 1824.

بن بایزید

خلد ملکه حضرة The word the com المحروس ,

.great

,
&
c جلال (0)8

Perpetuum sit regnum ejus

... بكر عمر عثمان علي is pro گانو

is

P.L.

TRIP FROM AGRA TO FUTIHPOOR. The first appearance of high ground on I was much struck with the dome of leaving Agra, is the point of a long range this beautiful little building, which, in of low rocky hills, surmounted with the comparison with any thing that meets the lofty gate of the durgah of Futihpoor eye in looking around, is perfectly paltry; Sikri, which strikes the eye at a very con- simply made of white pucka plaster, and siderable distance before your approach ; having the appearance that all buildings and which is seen distinctly from the have when built of that material, after a minarets at the Taj, and also from the top certain time. The tomb of the saint, or of Akber's tomb at Secundra. Futihpoor rather the place in which I fancy the body deserves the attention of the traveller from is placed, appears to be made of mother-o'its having been founded by the Emperor pearl, inlaid with foils of various colours, Akber, and from the circumstances which which has not a very pleasing effect; nevercaused so small a village to have been theless, I was highly gratified, and was raised to such a repute, and dignified by almost desirous to add my piece of string the magnificent buildings, for which it is to those already attached to the fretwork. celebrated. It appears to have been the On the east of this building is the palace residence of Selim, a priest, high in the and sleeping apartments of the king, re. confidence and estimation of the Empe- sembling most native places of the sort, ror, who had placed some of the inmates and composed of spacious quadrangles, of his harem under his divine protection passages, courts, &c., but all built of the The presentation of a first-born from the red free stone, of which the rock on which salubrious air of Futihpoor, appears to it stands is composed, and many of the have been the cause of the Emperor's buildings are one mass of beautiful carved having raised this magnificent durgah, as work. In one of the quadrangles I could a place of retirement and worship for the not help observing the pavement, which pious Selim. Whether words or works was laid down in the form of a pucheesi were more efficacious in bringing this first board, with a raised seat in the centre, hope of Akber to light, is left to the dis where (agreeably to the information gained cernment of the gentle reader ; but it is from some natives who shewed me the no less true, that his Imperial Majesty was lions), Akber used to sit whilst some of childless until he placed a select few of the ladies of his harem were playing; after, his favourite fair ones to receive the pa I suppose, the fatigues of the day were rental advice and ecclesiastical instructions The whole of these buildings, of this pious sage.

however, are going fast into a state of On approaching the lofty gateway, you decay, except the durgah, which I under. have to pass through a bazar, composed of stand is under the charge of the local miserable mud and stone huts, which car. agents at Agra. When pacing through ries you up to the very foot of the flight of these large quadrangles and passages, I steps by which you ascend to the building, involuntarily fell into a reverie, and parand which takes off, in a great measure, ticipating in the feelings (though perhaps from the noble appearance which it would of a more peaceable description) of the otherwise bave. On passing through the “ Hermit in London," after his visit to gateway, the eye opens in a quadrangle of the Waterloo Panorama, only wanting large dimensions ; having on three sides of the melancholy drawl of “ Dust ho!" to it a spacious piazza (if I may use the have completed the similarity and exposed term), and on the centre of the fourth side, my littleness ; one glance of the eye on opposite the grand entrance, is the tomb of the dilapidations around me, however, Selim, a small marble-domed building, dissolved the illusion, and I continued my with a beautiful fretwork of white marble, way looking out for new beauties. which is kept clean, and polished by the in. At the foot of the bill on the north side numerable pieces of string of various colours towards the Bhurtpoor country, is a coand shades, left there by women from all lumn surmounted by a cupola, on which parts of the country, relying upon the Akber used to sit to see elephant fights, efficacious influence of the divine Selim, &c. in the space beneath (according to my even in death.

oracle who attended me). This column is

over.

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of very plain workmanship, but orna- under the palace on the south side, well mented in an extraordinary manner upon worth seeing; the well of very large the shaft, which makes it deserving of diameter, and I think four tiers of roogas, mention. On first appearance they seem- domed, to the water's level. I unna ed to be tusks of elephants ; but on close pass over unnoticed an immense spherical inspection I found them to be made of stone, which was shewn me when puss stone, projecting from the body of the ing through the village of Futihpoor, as building, very similar to elephants' tusks; that which had been discharged from the numbers of them are removed, others "great gun" at Agra, and had fallen in broken, and the whole in a state of ruin. that place : by-the-bye, the original stone You ascend by a winding staircase to the had broken in its fall, but the present obe top, where I seated myself on that stone, was placed exactly in the spot where the which I fancy some ages back would original fell. The distance from Agra to have been degraded by the touch of such Futihpoor is nearly fourteen coss; but insignificance—“ sic transit gloria mundi.” this very improbable story was told me The whole space for a considerable dise with all the gravity imaginable, and, I a tance, both on the edge and below the led to believe, is credited by all the narock, is one mass of ruins, baths, houses, tives round about. &c., all in a state of woeful decay ; even The country is tolerably cultivated the wall, which from its dimensions would round Futihpoor, though in the immediate be almost thought imperishable, and which vicinity it is chiefly an open plain. The formerly encompassed not only the whole next few marches are through the country buildings of the palace, but also the town, of the Bhurtpoor Rajah, all partially cul. and a large tract of country, can hardly tivated, and some of the crops appeared be traced on the north side, whilst it con. remarkably fine. The traveller observes, tinues tolerably perfect, though parts are however, in every progressive march, the falling down daily on the east, west, and serious diminution in husbandry and cul south. This wall appears evidently to tivation, and the difference in scenery in have been built for the purpose of defence; so short a space of time, cannot belp strikit is built entirely of stone, of great height ing the eye. The outline and appearance and width, having a parapet at the top of the low range of hills, which increase well lined with loop-holes, &c. There in boldness and in size as you daily adare many things well worth seeing; but of vance, add considerably to the interest which my paper will not admit of a de. taken in traversing a country very deficient scription, as I fear I have already exceed- in the usual attendants on a civilized state, ed the liinits which many claims on your and boasting of little but long tracts of space prescribed for one letter. There is arid slaty soil

, bounded by an horizon of however, a boali at the foot of the rock low barren hills.-{Cal. Journ.

THE ROZAH OF EATIMAD-UL-DOWLAH, AT AGRA. On the northern bank of the Jumna, feet square, with a large reservoir in the and in the centre of an extensive garden centre of each face; from the angles of a adorned with raised walks of red stone, second story rise four small marble minars and surrounded by a high wall with four of the octagon form, surmounted by elehandsome central gates, and pavilions at gant pavilions crowned with domes; the its angles, stands the Rozah, or Mauso. lower story consists of a central room 4 leum of Eatimad-ul-Dowlah, the father of feet square, with a suite of eight room the celebrated Noor Jehan, and grand round it, the pavement and lower comfather of Mumtara Zemaneh, to whose partments of which are of marble elabomemory Shah Jehan erected the splendid rately inlaid; the remaining part of the monument of the Taj.

walls and ceilings, which are arcbed, are The edifice forms a square of sixty feet, covered with stucco, painted, enamelled, with octagon towers at the angles, and is and gilt in various patterns with extraysraised on a terrace of red stone inlaid with gant profusion: the second story, with its white marble, three feet in height and 130 marble terrace, consists of a single room

of the same dimensions as the central one den; in the centre, the extended and lofty below the whole, as well as the outside of walls of the fort, rising with bold abruptthe first story, is of white marble inlaid ness from the river, surmounted by the inside and cut in beautiful patterns of elegant marble domes of the Mootee MusRowers, vases, cypress trees, and other jid, and the rich gilt: spires and cupolas of ornaments composed of gems, as in the the imperial palace. Taj, of inferior delicacy, but producing a To the westward, the city of Agra, fine effect. · The minars, are 14 feet in built of brick and stone, rising immediameter, and 50 feet in height from the diately from the river, and extending red-stone terrace to the top of the cullis; along the banks, in a vast semicircle bethey are in two stages, with a gallery round, yond as far as the eye can reach; the view and decorated with inlaid work of various is terminated by ruined buildings, vast Aowers. The diameter appears too great arches, and the mouldering remains of for their height, the only apparent defect, pavilions, tombs, and the palaces of the but perhaps unavoidable from the space ancient Omrabs. necessarily required for each ascending On the northern bank, two miles to the stair.

westward of the Rozah, is the Rambaugh, The tombs in the lower story, which is surrounded by lofty stone walls two miles 18 feet high, are of a yellow cast of por- in circuit. The garden is divided into phyry of a high polish, and extremely several stages, each decreasing about 12, beautiful; the beads of the arched doors feet in height as it recedes from the river ; of entrance are decorated with patterns of the walks are paved with red stone, and marble flowers in relief, which, as well as adorned with a variety of reservoirs and the Arabic inscriptions, are executed with small cascades, the water of which falls a firmness and delicacy of touch, and a from the highest terrace to those beneath ; precision which is admirable : light is the first is of the best kind, consisting of freely admitted through arched windows grapes, peaches, apples, pines, oranges, of pitwork.

&c. in the greatest abundance. VegeThe cenotaphs in the upper room are of tables of every description are also reared plain white marble, the iutercolumniations in an outer enclosure. of the pillars are of fine lattice-work, ad The river face is adorned with a suite of mitting an agreeable light, that displays excellent rooms, raised on a lofty terrace the inlaid flowers of the columns, and paved with red stone, with a large reserpavement to the greatest advantage; the voir in the centre. This garden is culornaments of the latter are particularly tivated with great care at the expense of beautiful, as well from the richness and the Government; the establishment conbrilliancy of the gems, as from the wild sists of twenty-five men, and the fruit is and diversified form of the wreaths and sold to defray part of their wages. flowers, where the usual stiff and stately At a short distance from the garden is lines are exchanged for the graceful wav an old building, or rozah, going fast to ing of nature.

decay, the walls and dome of which were The river front is adorned with a lofty enamelled and gilt inside, and cut in the terrace, having apartments underneath on most beautiful style ; and although it a level with the water. The gates are large appears to owe its origin to higher antiand handsome, built of red stone inlaid quity, the colours, particularly the violet, with marble; that on the river front con. retain their brilliancy even to this day. tains three apartments. The view from It would be an endless labour to attempt the top, of the opposite shore, is grand the description of the palaces, gardens, and interesting ; on one side, the Taj, rozahs, serais, and pavilions that decowith its towering dome of white marble rate both banks of the Jumna, many of forming with the slender spire3, the beau- which are in a tolerable state of presertiful minars, the splendid gates, and other vation, displaying in the most striking buildin a deli

ure softened by manner, the extent and magnificence of the verdant shades of its luxuriant gar this once imperial city.- (Cal. Journ.

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BRITISH SETTLEMENT OF ALBANY. We have been favoured with a sight themselves deep channels, with very of several letters written by a British precipitous banks. Doubtless it is settler in our new colony of Albany, partly owing to the depth of these after an experience of about two ravines below the surface of the coutyears and a half

. The information try, that much more than half the they communicate is certainly gloomy, land in the settlement is incapable of but by no means of so utterly dis- being cultivated, consisting, as the couraging a nature as other intelli writer of these letters informs us, of gence which has frequently been re- "high unwatered plains.” The disa ceived from the same quarter. As trict assumes generally

an appearance much that is contained in these letters of great sameness, for the deep wateris particularly interesting at this junc- courses already mentioned, the rocky ture, and as they appear to furnish us and precipitous banks of which are with a fair and candid view of the clothed with wood, are seldom visible settlement, we shall lay such of their at a distance. They contain, howerer, contents as are of a general character the bulk of the population, and so before our readers in the present num- completely do they conceal their itber, reserving the more particular de habitants, that a casual visitor would tails for a future opportunity.

scarcely notice their existence, though The British settlement of Albany actually in the midst of them. In a is contained between the Great Fish country of such a character the cultiRiver, Boscheman's River, and the vators must necessarily disperse, and sea, and comprizes an area of about consequently forego, in a great mea 1,100 square miles.

sure, the mutual assistance and supThe general character of the coun- port to which most of them have try, comprehending the climate, the doubtless been accustomed in their nature of the soil, and its adaptation native land. for agriculture, being considerations of We cannot but think that the dis the first importance to emigrants, de- trict of Albany was somewhat hastily mands our notice in the first instance. selected, particularly as it has subse

Now, it certainly appears from the quently been discovered that there are letters which are before us, that one tracts adjoining which appear to pro very material error was fallen into in sent superior advantages. The various selecting Albany as one of our new inroads of the Caffrees, however disa settlements. It is true, the impor- tressing to the settlers, have at least, tance, nay, the absolute necessity of by compelling us to invade their terchoosing a spot that might promise ritories in order to chastise them, facilities for regular irrigation was not afforded us opportunities of exploring overlooked; but nevertheless the se such portions of the neighbouring lection has not been judicious. To a country as might otherwise have resuperficial surveyor, the existence of mained unknown to us for many years

. numerous streams might seem to In 1819 an expedition was sent into present all that was requisite; and Caffreland, and the Europeans engaged Albany is a district abounding in in it, returned with accounts the rivers. Unfortunately, however, the the country they had visited was far level of the country is very consider- superior in general fertility to that ably above them, for as the land occupied by the colonists. They had increases very rapidly in elevation discovered several fine rivers, the towards the interior, the streams have largest of which evere the Ki and the gradually, in the course of ages, worn

Buffalo. The banks of these rivers

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