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were less elevated than those of Al. will be found to be excellent, and is, bany, and the country consisted of mofęover (with the exception of the extensive fats, less broken and better Knysua), the only sheltered port on a watered; there were also forests of line of coast of upwards of 500 miles. the finest timber rising from the plains None of these rivers are navigable, to the very summits of the hills. The even for boats and barges, for more country, moreover, increased in beauty than twelve miles from their estuaries, and apparent fertility the further the - for above that distance from the sea expedition advanced.

they can no longer be called streams, The adaptation of the soil for agri- being nothing more than a series of cultural pursuits was not, however, large pools with subterraneous comthe only circumstance to be considered munication: in selecting an eligible spot for the The want of good rivers and har. foundation of a British colony. It bours is not confined to our settlewas likewise of great importance to ment at Albany, for the neighbouring secure, as far as possible, the best district of Uitenhaagen is equally unfacilities for the encouragement of fortunate in this respect. The Zwarlforeign commerce and internal naviga- kops is the only river that is navigable tion. We are not sufficiently acquaint- in that quarter, and Algoa Bay affords ed with the harbours and rivers on the a very exposed and dangerous roadeastern coast of Africa to pronounce stead. The shores of this bay are with any certainty, whether a situa- wild and forbidding, and are studded tion could have been found, for the with numerous rocks either just colonists now settled at Albany, pre- emerging from the waves or treacheferable, in this particular, to their pre- · rously hidden beneath them. Owing sent district; but we certainly think to this cause, and the heavy roll of that the expedition which has been the sea from the S.E., the surf is subsequently fitted out at the Cape to very great, though not so tremendous survey the coast ought to have pre as ill-fame has reported it. The landceded so serious an event as the esta- ing-place is on an open and sandy blishment of a colony, for unques- beach, very difficult of access for tionably the harbours and rivers of want of a pier ;* and the burial ground Albany are by no means of the best close to the beach exhibits a melandescription. The principal rivers are choly picture of its dangers in the the Great Fish, the Kawie, and the numerous records it contains of those Boschemans, with their various subsi- who have met with a premature death, diary but inconsiderable streams. The and have been cast on shore by the mouths of these rivers are much ob- surf. structed by bars of sand, so as We shall conclude the present artirender navigation particularly dange- cle with simply observing, that it is rous and uncertain. The entrance of only to be considered as an introducthe Kawie river is most free from tion to more interesting details; and these obstructions, but is nevertheless that in pointing out at the commence50 very shallow, as only to admit. ment a few of the most important of vessels of small burthen. In common the physical difficulties to be encounwith the other rivers, the navigation of tered by the settlers, it has been our the Kawie must always be inconvenient chief object to exhibit ultimately in a from its shifting sands, unless the in more striking manner the obstacles fant and distressed colonists should that have been overcome by enterprize be able to incur the expense of em. and industry: ploying artificial means to improve the entrance. The basin, however, with * It is estimated that the expense of erécting a in the bar, when rendered accessible, pier would not be very considerable. Asiatic Journ.- No. 102.

Vot. XVII.

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Sacred Poetry.

THE PASSAGE OF THE RED SEA.

By the Right Rev. Reginald Heber, Lord Bishop of Calcutta.

With heat o'erlabour'd and the length of way,
On Ethan's beach the bands of Israel lay.
'Twas silence all, the sparkling sands along,
Save where the locust trill'd her feeble song;
Or blended soft in drowsy cadence, fell
The wave's low whisper or the camel's bell.-
'Twas silence all !—the flocks for shelter fly
Where, waving light, the acacia shadows lie;
Or where, from far, the flatt'ring vapours make
The noon-tide semblance of a misty lake :
While the mute swain, in careless safety spread,
With arms enfolded, and dejected head,
Dreains o'er his wondrous call, his lineage hig!!,
And, late reveal’d, his children's destiny.-
For, not in vain, in thraldom's darkest hour,
Had sped from Amram's sons the word of pow'r;
Nor fail'd the dreadful wand, whose god-like sway
Could lure the locust from her airy way;
With reptile war assail their proud abodes,
And mar the giant pomp of Egypt's gods.
Oh, helpless Gods! who nought avail'd to shield
From fiery rain your Zoan's favour'd field !-
Oh, helpless Gods! who saw the curdled blood
Taint the rare lotus of your ancient flood,
And fourfold night the wondering earth enchain,
While Memnon's orient harp was heard in vain !-
Such musing held the tribes, till now the west
With milder influence on their temples prest;
And that portentous cloud, which all the day
Hung its dark curtain o'er their weary way,
(A cloud by day, a friendly flame by night),
Roll'd back its misty veil, and kindled into light-
Soft fell the eve ; but ere the day was done,
Tall, waving banners streak'd the level sun,
And, wide and dark along th' horizon red,
In sandy surge the rising desert spread. -
“ Mark, Israel, mark !"--On that strange sight intent,
In breathless terror every eye was bent;
And busy faction's undistinguish'd hum,
And female shrieks arose, “they come, they come !"
They come, they come ! in scintillating show,
O'er the dark mass the brazen lances glow;
And sandy clouds in countless shapes combine,
As deepens or extends the long tumultuous line;
And fancy's keener glance ev’n now may trace
The threatening aspects of each mingl'd race !
For many of coal-black tribe and cany spear,
The hireling guards of Misraim's throne were there,

From distant Cush they troop'd, a warrior train,
Siwah's green isle and Sennar's marly plain :
On either wing their fiery coursers check
The parch'd and sinewy sons of Amalek:
While close behind, inur'd to feast on blood,
Deck'd in Behemoth's spoils, the tall Shaugalla strode,
'Mid blazing helms and bucklers rough with gold.
Saw ye how swift the scythed-chariots rollid ?
Lo, these are they whom, lords of Afric's fates,
Old Thebes hath pour'd through all her hundred gates,
Mother of armies !-How the emeralds glow'd
Where, Alush'd with power and vengeance, Pharoah rode ;
And stol'd in white those brazen wheels before,
Osiris' ark his swarthy wizards bore;
And still responsive to the trumpet's cry,
The priestly sistrum murmur’d-Victory!

Why swell these shouts that rend the desert's gloom?
Whom come ye forth to combat ? --warriors, whom?
These flocks and herds—this faint and weary train,
Red from the scourge and recent from the chain.
God of the poor, the poor and friendless save!
Giver and Lord of freedom, help the slave !
North, south, and west, the sandy whirlwinds fly,
The circling horns of Egypt's chivalry.
On earth's last margin throng the weeping train ;
Their cloudy guide moves on—" and must we swim the main ?"
'Mid the light spray their snorting camels stood,
Nor bath'd a fetlock in the nauseous flood
He comes their leader comes ! the man of God
O'er the wide waters lifts his mighty rod,
And onward treads—The circling waves retreat,
In hoarse deep murmurs, from his boly feet ;
And the chas'd surges, inly roaring, show
The hard wet sand and coral hills below.

With limbs that falter, and with hearts that swell,
Down, down they pass—a steep and slippery dell-
Around them rise, in pristine chaos hurl'd
The ancient rocks, the secrets of the world :
And flowers that blush beneath the ocean green,
And caves, the se3-calves' low roof”d haunt, are seen.
Down, safely down the narrow pass they tread;
The beetling waters storm above their head:
While far behind retires the sinking day,
And sheds on Edom's hills its latest ray.

Yet not from Israel fled the friendly light,
Or dark to them, or cheerless came the night:
Still in their van, along that dreadful road,
Blaz'd broad and fierce the brandish'd torch of God.
Its meteor glare a tenfold lustre gave,
On the long mirror of the rosy wave,
While its blest beams a sunlike heat supply,
Warm every cheek and dance in every eye,
To them alone, for Misraim's wizard train,
Invoke for light their monster-gods in vain ;
Clouds heap'd on clouds, their struggling sight confine,
A tenfold darkness broods above their line.

Yet on they fare, by reckless vengeance led,
And range unconscious through the ocean's bed,
Till midway now, that strange and fiery form
Show'd his dread visage light'ning through the storm;
With withering splendour blasted all their might,
And brake their chariot wheels, and marr'd their coursers Right,
" Fly, Misraim, fly!" The ravenous floods they see,
And, fiercer than the foods, the Deity.
“ Fly, Misraim, Ay!”– From Edom's coral strand,
Again the prophet stretch'd his dreadful wand :-
With one wild crash the thundering waters sweep,
And all is waves a dark and lonely deep;
Yet o'er those lonely waves such murmurs past,
As mortal wailing swell'd the nightly blast :
And strange and sad the whispering breezes bore,
The groans of Egypt to Arabia's shore.
Oh! welcome came the morn, where Israel stood
In trustless wonder by th’avenging flood !
Oh! welcome came the cheerful morn, to show
The drifted wreck of Zoan's pride below;
The mangled limbs of men, the broken car,
A few sad relics of a nation's war :
Alas, how few! Then, soft as Elim's well,
The precious tears of new-born freedom fell;
And he, whose harden'd heart alike bad borne
The house of bondage and th' oppressor's scorn,
The stubborn slave, by hope's new beams subdued,
In faltering accents sobb'd his gratitude-
Till kindling into warmer zeal around,
The virgin timbrel wak'd its silver sound,
And in fierce joy, no more by doubt supprest,
The struggling spirit throbb’d in Miriam's breast;
She, with bare arms, and fixing on the sky,
The dark transparence of her lucid eye,
Pour'd on the winds of heaven her wild sweet harmony,
" Where now," she sang, “ the tall Egyptian spear,
“ On 's sunlike shield, and Zoan's chariot, where !
Above their ranks the whelming waters spread.
“ Shout, Israel, for the Lord hath triumphed !”
And every pause between, as Miriam sang,
From tribe to tribe the martial thunder rang,
And loud and far their stormy chorus spread.-

Shout, Israel, for the Lord has triumphed!"

HYMN.

By the same By cool Siloam's shady fountain,

How sweet the lily grows! .. How sweet the breath on yonder mo

mountain,
Of Sharon's dewy rose !
Lo! such the child whose young devotion,

The paths of peace has trod;
Whose secret soul's instinctive motion,

Tends upward to his God.

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The Wonders of Elora; or the Narra a military escort in a land of free

tive of a journey to the Temples booters. and Dwellings excavated out of a The first hundred pages of the Mountain of Granite, and extending volume are occupied by a cursory

upwards of a Mile and a Quarter, journal of the author's travels into : at Elora, in the East-Indies, by the different parts of India, the better to

Route of Poona, Ahmed-nuggur, and enable him to describe the manners, Toka, returning by Aurungabad; customs, and various other peculiawith some General Observations on rities of the countries he had visited. the People and Country. By JOHN The next two hundred and thirty B. Seely, Captain in the Bombay pages are devoted to his principal Native Infantry, and late in the object, the description of the famous Military Service of His Highness temples of Elora, and some general the Rajah of Nagpore. London, remarks upon the Hindoo Pantheon ; 1824.

and the remaining two hundred and The excavated temples of Elora twenty pages consist of miscellaneous have never yet been shewn to the observations upon India in general, public in a familiar and popular view, communicating particularly the auif we except the slight sketches that thor's views in regard to missionary have been taken by several passing exertions. travellers. Nevertheless, they may Captain Seely is doubtless a man of justly be ranked amongst the wonders observation and intelligence; but he of the world, for they are second to has given us rather too much of himthe pyramids alone as monuments of self; his egotism appears indeed even human labour, and are probably not in the best passages of his volume. much below them in antiquity. The It is too evident, also, that his predisorganized state of the country in possessions against the missionaries which these temples are situated has have betrayed him into great inconsisdoubtless been the chief cause of their tencies in regard to the Hindoo chahaving been so little visited by our racter. Sometimes our poor heathen countrymen ; and we certainly think subjects are described by him as most that it reflects credit upon the enter- grossly vicious, and at others as all prizing spirit of Captain Seely, that perfection. Such is invariably the he did not hesitate to prosecute his result of prejudice. We shall not researches, though travelling without dwell, however, upon these portions

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