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were less elevated than those of Al. will be found to be excellent, and is, bany, and the country consisted of mofęover (with the exception of the extensive fats, less broken and better Knysua), the only sheltered port on a watered; there were also forests of line of coast of upwards of 500 miles. the finest timber rising from the plains None of these rivers are navigable, to the very summits of the hills. The even for boats and barges, for more country, moreover, increased in beauty than twelve miles from their estuaries, and apparent fertility the further the - for above that distance from the sea expedition advanced.
they can no longer be called streams, The adaptation of the soil for agri- being nothing more than a series of cultural pursuits was not, however, large pools with subterraneous comthe only circumstance to be considered munication: in selecting an eligible spot for the The want of good rivers and har. foundation of a British colony. It bours is not confined to our settlewas likewise of great importance to ment at Albany, for the neighbouring secure, as far as possible, the best district of Uitenhaagen is equally unfacilities for the encouragement of fortunate in this respect. The Zwarlforeign commerce and internal naviga- kops is the only river that is navigable tion. We are not sufficiently acquaint- in that quarter, and Algoa Bay affords ed with the harbours and rivers on the a very exposed and dangerous roadeastern coast of Africa to pronounce stead. The shores of this bay are with any certainty, whether a situa- wild and forbidding, and are studded tion could have been found, for the with numerous rocks either just colonists now settled at Albany, pre- emerging from the waves or treacheferable, in this particular, to their pre- · rously hidden beneath them. Owing sent district; but we certainly think to this cause, and the heavy roll of that the expedition which has been the sea from the S.E., the surf is subsequently fitted out at the Cape to very great, though not so tremendous survey the coast ought to have pre as ill-fame has reported it. The landceded so serious an event as the esta- ing-place is on an open and sandy blishment of a colony, for unques- beach, very difficult of access for tionably the harbours and rivers of want of a pier ;* and the burial ground Albany are by no means of the best close to the beach exhibits a melandescription. The principal rivers are choly picture of its dangers in the the Great Fish, the Kawie, and the numerous records it contains of those Boschemans, with their various subsi- who have met with a premature death, diary but inconsiderable streams. The and have been cast on shore by the mouths of these rivers are much ob- surf. structed by bars of sand, so as We shall conclude the present artirender navigation particularly dange- cle with simply observing, that it is rous and uncertain. The entrance of only to be considered as an introducthe Kawie river is most free from tion to more interesting details; and these obstructions, but is nevertheless that in pointing out at the commence50 very shallow, as only to admit. ment a few of the most important of vessels of small burthen. In common the physical difficulties to be encounwith the other rivers, the navigation of tered by the settlers, it has been our the Kawie must always be inconvenient chief object to exhibit ultimately in a from its shifting sands, unless the in more striking manner the obstacles fant and distressed colonists should that have been overcome by enterprize be able to incur the expense of em. and industry: ploying artificial means to improve the entrance. The basin, however, with * It is estimated that the expense of erécting a in the bar, when rendered accessible, pier would not be very considerable. Asiatic Journ.- No. 102.
THE PASSAGE OF THE RED SEA.
By the Right Rev. Reginald Heber, Lord Bishop of Calcutta.
With heat o'erlabour'd and the length of way,
From distant Cush they troop'd, a warrior train,
Why swell these shouts that rend the desert's gloom?
With limbs that falter, and with hearts that swell,
Yet not from Israel fled the friendly light,
Yet on they fare, by reckless vengeance led,
Shout, Israel, for the Lord has triumphed!"
By the same By cool Siloam's shady fountain,
How sweet the lily grows! .. How sweet the breath on yonder mo
The paths of peace has trod;
Tends upward to his God.
The Wonders of Elora; or the Narra a military escort in a land of free
tive of a journey to the Temples booters. and Dwellings excavated out of a The first hundred pages of the Mountain of Granite, and extending volume are occupied by a cursory
upwards of a Mile and a Quarter, journal of the author's travels into : at Elora, in the East-Indies, by the different parts of India, the better to
Route of Poona, Ahmed-nuggur, and enable him to describe the manners, Toka, returning by Aurungabad; customs, and various other peculiawith some General Observations on rities of the countries he had visited. the People and Country. By JOHN The next two hundred and thirty B. Seely, Captain in the Bombay pages are devoted to his principal Native Infantry, and late in the object, the description of the famous Military Service of His Highness temples of Elora, and some general the Rajah of Nagpore. London, remarks upon the Hindoo Pantheon ; 1824.
and the remaining two hundred and The excavated temples of Elora twenty pages consist of miscellaneous have never yet been shewn to the observations upon India in general, public in a familiar and popular view, communicating particularly the auif we except the slight sketches that thor's views in regard to missionary have been taken by several passing exertions. travellers. Nevertheless, they may Captain Seely is doubtless a man of justly be ranked amongst the wonders observation and intelligence; but he of the world, for they are second to has given us rather too much of himthe pyramids alone as monuments of self; his egotism appears indeed even human labour, and are probably not in the best passages of his volume. much below them in antiquity. The It is too evident, also, that his predisorganized state of the country in possessions against the missionaries which these temples are situated has have betrayed him into great inconsisdoubtless been the chief cause of their tencies in regard to the Hindoo chahaving been so little visited by our racter. Sometimes our poor heathen countrymen ; and we certainly think subjects are described by him as most that it reflects credit upon the enter- grossly vicious, and at others as all prizing spirit of Captain Seely, that perfection. Such is invariably the he did not hesitate to prosecute his result of prejudice. We shall not researches, though travelling without dwell, however, upon these portions