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points, the arguments were the same; of contrast, that that excellent person was every sort of hole was endeavoured to be also in the same way premature in his picked in the measure which was then efforts, eminent as he was in bringing their adopted; nay, the parties went further case before Parliament. But, whatever they revived obsolete and refuted calum was said by the gentlemen who opposed nies, forty years after the public had lost this motion, they could not undervalue the sight of them, in the ample refutations mass of evidence, the accumulation of which had swept them from circulation. striking facts, which were usefully laid Libels were raked up from the con before Parliament and the British empire, temptuous obscurity in which they had chiefly through the instrumentality of the sunk ;—they were dragged into light, but late Mr. Grant ;-they ought to recollect not into effectual notice. This was not that in consequence of the information the way to meet questions of this nature; thus imparted, Sir Thomas Munro had a bad argument did not become good by been placed at the head of the Madras the force of repetition. When they were Government. At that late hour of the considering of public life, they should day, he was averse from trespassing much look to it as a whole. They should look upon their attention. The main grounds, to the general character and class of ser- however, upon which his judgment was rices of the individual, and not stoop to formed, were these;—first, on the question pick holes here and there in a long career

whether the late Mr. Grant had been of public service. God defend any pub- sufficiently eminent in their service to delic man whose claims to posthumous fame serve posthumous honours; and, secondly, were to be tried upon such principles. if it were for the interest of the EastThere were some men, he knew, who India Company that such honours should could not form any other estimate of pub- be conferred upon his memory.

On both lic merit: their minds resembled those points his own mind was completely made optical glasses, which distorted every ob up in the affirmative. He entirely conject that was viewed through them. The curred in the opinion, that for a general Hon. Proprietor (Mr. Hume) was of this career of upwards of thirty years of class: there his mind seemed defective; service, in high and important situations, it fastened upon details, however trivial; guided by great abilities, conducted with he could not help it—his mental vision unabated industry, and devoted with unwas microscopic, it was not his fault; alterable zeal to all the interests of the for, in the language of Shakespeare:

East-India Company, some special work

of respect was due. The long employIt is his nature's plague ment of such fine natural gifts, and their To spy into abuses."

application with such uncommon assiduity (Loud cries of hear! and laughter.) There and labour, entitled the possessor to more was no public man, whose services were than ordinary thanks which were bestowed spread over a long series of years, who for the performance of ordinary services. could bear that sort of scrutiny. It re There were many parts of Mr. Grant's sembled, in one sense, the ancient ordeal, public proceedings in which he (Mr. Imor rather, mode of indiscriminate punish- pey) totally differed from him, but he ment, which formerly prevailed in this held that to be no reason for withholding country. The accused were blindfolded, his approbation from the general tenor and compelled to walk amongst red-hot and advantage of his useful life-(Hear! plough-shares : so that their escape was hear!). Differences of opinion were innext to impossible. And it was over an cidental to human nature;- they were also ordeal just as absurd and impassable that useful; for by collision of sentiment public character was to pass, according to the collective force of mind was drawn the test applied this day.--(Hear! hear!) forth. The opinions which Mr. Grant Could any person who entered the Court entertained twenty years ago, he held in during this discussion, and heard merely common with many great and able servants the speeches of the gentlemen opposite of the Government and the Company. He imagine that the late Mr. Grant possessed (Mr. Impey) had no right to call opinions a single merit? The establishment of thus supported, errors, although they did not Haileybury College was, it seemed, no accord with his own; at any rate, he had no merit; for that, instead of being intended right to quarrel with the possessor of them. to promote education in India, was set on The principal reason why he should vote foot to prevent the diffusion of the edu- for the original motion was this—that he cation already provided there ! What had scarcely ever heard of a more able, Mr. Grant did before Parliament was, industrious, and indefatigable servant of they were told, unnecessary, because a the Company, than Mr. Grant confessedly different course was afterwards adopted by his labours were unceasing; and the Legislature. It was a little unfortu. the incalculable benefit which they must nate for those who used this argument, have conferred upon the interests of the and referred to Sir Hugh Inglis by way Company, ought to be felt at this period.

was:

There was a debt due to the memory of the opportunity of serving the Company such a man, which all who had profited so efficiently as the late Mr. Grant; and by bis labours ought to concur in paying. he said this without meaning the slightest He thought the motion was particularly disparagement to others-few, indeed, had well timed: for they had often been moved in a sphere which admitted of called upon to vote honours and rewards their performance. Was there nothing to those who had served their settlements then in the system of their policy, as a abroad; but never before had they been great chartered body, exercising immense called upon to a vote for great services authority, to sanction honours, for great of general superintendance and assistance civic virtues employed in the diffusion in that house, ably and unostentatiously of great commercial advantages? (Hear i performed. He admitted the services of hear!) Allusion had been made to the such men as Sir Hugh Inglis and Sir exertions of those great individuals whose Francis Baring; and thought that if, at statues were erected in that Court. To the proper time, their merits had been what end did they make those exertions ? made the foundation of a motion like Was it not to extend the mercantile inthis, it would probably have been carried. terests of the Company? Assuredly it They wanted such men as the late Mr. was; and it could not be denied, that Grant in that Court. It was said that Mr. Grant's efforts were directed, and they had no precedent for such a motion : most successfully directed, to the same if such was the fact, therefore, it was time object. Why then should not he also be then to make one; and he hoped this distinguished with posthumous honours? would be the occasion. It would be an Did all patriotism-all that was worthy inducement to gentlemen who resembled of being handed down to the admiration Mr. Grant, in qualities, and talents, and of posterity-consist in the successful use industry, to come amongst them with of the sword and shield ? Certainly the their services. The state of the Company's memory of that man, who, in a civil capaaffairs was now quiescent; they could not city, effectually served his country, ought however always reckon upon having such not to pass away unnoticed and unrecordhalcyon days; they must begin to prepare ed. (Hear ! hear!) He heartily confor the consideration of a vital question; curred in the grounds of public utility the time was fast approaching when, if which were interwoven with the adoption they intended to maintain their own pre of the proposed tribute to the memory of rogatives there, they must merge private Mr. Grant. feelings and interests in the performance The Hon. D. Kinnaird said, that he of a great public duty. He was sorry to the Court intending not to to say, that they too much lost sight of vote upon the first question ; he had howthese important considerations. In the ever attended to the whole of the diselections of their Directors, they were too cussion, and to the consideration of the often governed by self-interest, rather than amendment which had arisen out of it, by a regard for that talent and knowledge and his opinion remained notwithstanding which was so essential in critical affairs. unaltered. He never more regretted the He made this remark generally, and introduction of any motion, than he did without meaning the least application of the introduction of the present; because it to any particular individual; but if they upon the fullest consideration he had been meant to support themselves as a corpo- able to give it, he thought it was calcurate body, they ought, by all means within lated to create a great deal of unfair, their reach, to collect great talents, ex invidious, and unpleasant imputations ; perience, and knowledge, to uphold their which, indeed, had been by the good sense

The life and abilities of the late and tempor of the speakers who took a Mr. Grant had been steadfastly devoted part in the debate, utterly suppressed, to the maintenance of the Company's until a gentleman within the bar (Mr. proper station, both in India and in Eu- Impey) had aroused them, by charging rope.

On his general merits, which none his Hon. Friend ( Mr. Hume) with introcould deny, he was entitled to this tribute; ducing the political feelings of party into and if those merits were not pre-eminent, the consideration of the subject. he knew not whose were. But his (Mr. Mr. Impey here rose, and begged parImpey's) principal motive for voting in don for interrupting the Hop. Proprietor, favour of the original motion, was, the while he distinctly disclaimed the inten-public benefit-the useful incitement of tion of casting any such imputation. a distinguished example--which such a The Hon. D. Kinnaird was glad of tribute attested and involved. (Hear! the explanation ; for he certainly had hear!)

gathered the reverse from the speech of the Mr. Plummer would only trouble the Learned Gentleman, and particularly that Court, at that late hour, with a few part of it which (as he thought) imputed observations in support of the original to others the being influenced on the premotion. With respect to the subject of sent occasion, by the recollection of the it, it had fallen to few men to have had late Mr. Grant's hostility to the govern

came

course.

ments of Warren Hastings and Lord to appear in that pre-eminent position, Wellesley. He would, for himself and which at once suggested to his fellow his friends near him, distinctly disclaim Directors, that he was so placed by unibeing actuated by any such motive. How versal assent, and that they had nothing could the Learned Gentleman insinuate in common with him.-(Hear! hear!) The (unless there again he misunderstood him) Learned Gertleman (Mr. Impey) had read that his Hon. Friend (Mr. Huine) had the Court of Directors a proper lecture gone out of his way to pick holes in the upon the manner of their election ; and, general character of Mr. Grant, and to perhaps, his efforts might be usefully diconstruct an impassable ordeal for any reeted, if he canvassed the House List, and public character, however generally meri- produced an amendment in that practice. torious ? And this was the description He looked upon this motion as extremely which the Learned Gentleman thought impolitic-as destructive in its conse. proper to give of a speech, as replete with quences to the harmony of their bodysound argument, as unalloyed with per and as establishing an invidious scale of sonal feeling or invidious allusion, as comparative merits, which must produce any that had been ever delivered in that dissatisfaction and dissention, heart-burnplace, and which was entirely confined ings and jealousies. In delivering this as to the consideration of the grounds upon his opinion, he conceded the merits of the which the Hon. Mover of the original late Mr. Grant, and was ready to pay any proposition bad founded it. Whatever proper tribute to his memory short of the opinion might be entertained of the open- establishment of this precedent. He did ing speech, and Mr. Hume's reply, there not think that a vote taken under the prewere still two plain questions before the sent circumstances would be gratifying to Court. He would address himself to the the friends of Mr. Grant; he was ready first : the abstract question of the wisdom fully to appreciate the merits of the late of a precedent, conferring a posthumous Director, and happy to record his sense of tribute upon any Director, except for the them in the manner he bad mentioned. performance of some special and pre All he asked was, that they would not eminent service entirely out of the ordi- adopt a particular mode of proceeding, nary course of the duties discharged by which was fraught with peculiar inconthose usually holding such offices, and venience. He concluded, by expressing which lifted the individual (by his ability, his hope that nothing would be finally and the concurrence of fortunate circum- settled without more mature consideration. stances to throw that ability pre-eminently -(Hear ! hear!) forth) above all competition. Of that Mr. John Smith then replied. He said, pre-eminence he thought they ought to that after the long discussion which had have the most indisputable certainty, taken place, and the able manner in which before they could receive such a pro- his motion had been supported, it was his position as the present : otherwise, to intention only to detain the Court for a few carry, this question, would lead them to minutes. First, with respect to the terms the greatest inconvenience. They had al- of the motion, he thought it was couched ready heard of undoubted acts of service in plain and simple language, and thereperformed by Sir Hugh Inglis and Sir fore he felt that it was adapted to the occaFrancis Baring. What reason had they sion. With respect to the claims of Mr. to suppose that others, equally meritorious, Grant for such a tribute, be thought them would not be found if the question were clearly pre-eminent, and on that ground now opened, and the precedent upon ge. alone did his motion proceed. Ile hardly neral merits were once begun ?-(Hear! thought it fair to meet the claims of such hear!) A hint had already been given to a man with an allusion to possible invian individual Director present, that he dious consequences ; whenever merit like might expect to live in marble.--(A laugh.) his appeared, he thought it ought to be He put it seriously to the Hon. Mover, honoured and rewarded. whether, under such circumstances, he The motion and amendment were then would persist in bis motion? and whether read by the attendant officer. The question it would not be wise for him to acquiesce was about to be decided by a show of in the amendment? He was perfectly hands, when a division was called for. ready to increase the force of any expres- Non-proprietors were ordered to withsion of praise in the amendment respecting draw; the A yes were directed to proceed the late Mr. Grant. He would not vote to the right, the Noes to the left of the in the negative upon the question, because chair. Mr. John Smith and Mr. Hume he felt that he was not competent (neither were appointed tellers. The first queswas the Court), in the absence of more tion was, “ that the words proposed to be specific information, to give a decided left out stand part of the motion,” which opinion on Mr. Grant's merits. Neither was carried affirmatively; the Ayes being could he consent to select one man from 54, the Noes 29-leaving a majority of a body, whose acts were only known to 25 in favour of Mr. Smith's proposition. them collectively, unless he could be made The main question, namely, “ to agree

with the original motion," was then put, the idea that those who had opposed the and carried.

motion were actuated with any other feeling Mr. Hume, as we understood, then ob save that which belonged to the conscientiserved, that it was not the intention of him ous performance of a great public duty. or of his friends to call for a ballot; and The Court then adjourned sine die. he hoped that no person who was present Erratum.- Page 61, line 47, read “unat the day's proceedings, would depart with expected decease."

College Examination.

nown.

COLLEGE OF FORT WILLIAM,

July 18, 1823. Friday, the 18th instant, being the day solicitude for its success, which, as a appointed by the Hon. John Adam, Esq. member of the civil service, it is natural Governor General and Visitor of the Col I should entertain, and which the assolege of Fort William, for the distribution ciations created by that connexion, incite of the prizes and honorary rewards ad me to cherish. Those anticipations have judged to the several students reported been abundantly confirmed. qualified for the public service during the “ I have beheld a succession of illuspast year, the President and Members trious and eminent men, on whom the of the College Council, the Officers, rule of this empire has devolved, bearing Professors, and Students of the College, the strongest testimony to the utility met at ten o'clock in the forenoon, at the of the institution, and manifesting the Government House, where the Hon. John warmest interest in its prosperity and reFendall and the Hon. J. H. Harington,

The course of my own expeMembers of the Supreme Council; the rience has given me ample opportunities Hon. Sir A. Buller, one of the Judges of forming an intimate acquaintance with of the Supreme Court; Mrs. Fendall, the affairs of the College: I have seen it Mrs. Udny, and a great number of other send forth, from time to time, individuals ladies, and many of the Civil and Military whose cultivated talents and extensive Officers of the settlement, with several acquirements have reflected the highest respectable natives, were assembled. honour on their own character, on the

Soon after ten o'clock the Hon. the institution, and on the service to which Visitor, attended by the officers of his they belong; whose subsequent conduct staff, entered the hall.

has redeemed the fair pledge of their When the Visitor had taken his seat, carlier years, and who have left to sucW. B. Bayley, Esq., the President of the ceeding candidates for distinction, exam. College Council, presented to him the ples worthy of the most carnest and several students of the College, who were sedulous imitation. entitled to received medals of merit or “ I entertain the most sanguine hope other honorary rewards adjudged to them that the College will still maintain its at the public examination in June, and high character, and its claims to public read the certificates granted by the Coun confidence and support ; and that it will cil of the College to each student about not cease to supply a succession of wise, to leave the College.

able, and virtuous public servants, whose The prizes and medals which had been

successful exertions in the cause of huawarded to the several students having manity and good government will conbeen distributed to them respectively, the tinue to do justice to the enlightened and Hon. the Visitor delivered the following comprehensive views of the founder, and discourse :

of those whose fostering care has watched « Gentlemen of the College of Fort over its progress to maturity. William : It is a source of high satisfac “ The exigencies of the public service, tion to me to meet you on this occasion, and the consequent demands for public as Visitor of the College. You will do officers to carry on the indispensable busime the justice to believe, that from the ness of the Government, must always infancy of the institution, up to the hour have a powerful influence on the affairs at which it becomes my duty to address of the College. Those exigencies have you, the interest I have felt in the welfare for some years past compelled us to rest of the College has been great and un satisfied with a scale of distinction someremitting. The favourable anticipations what below that to which we might nawhich I originally formed of its influence turally and reasonably aspire, under a on the character of the service, and the different state of circumstances. general adıninistration of the country, “ The facilities which, in order to meet Laid the foundation of that affectionate this urgent demand, have been afforded

to the students, of leaving College on is five more than were reported qualified proof of their competence for the public the preceding year. service, not merely at the half-yearly exa “Of the seventeen students who have mination, but at intermediate periods, qualified themselves this year for the pubnecessarily operate to prevent the attain- lic service, by a competent knowledge of ment in College, of that proficiency, two of the prescribed languages, four have which would otherwise be manifested by been rewarded by pecuniary prizes for high many of them; but the disposition and proficiency in two languages, and one has ability shewn by such students, to qualify obtained medals of merit for rapid and themselves as soon as practicable for the considerable proficiency in two languages. public service, and the steady application The number of medals awarded this year necessary to effect that object, may gene for rapid proficiency and meritorious conrally be considered to warrant the infe- duct, has been ien : eleven were awarded rence, that they will on leaving College last year to the civil students, and four continue, in the intervals of official duty, to the military. to prosecute those studies, so successfully • Of the three students now. entering commenced within its walls. While the upon the public service, Mr. Thomason causes to which I have referred continue stands first in the general list of profito operate, we must be content to forego ciency. He was admitted to the College the attainment, and even in a great degree in December 1822, and in the short period the pursuit, of those high academic bo- of five months has raised himself to the nours, with which other periods of our annals first place in Persian, and the fourth in are adorned; but the more conspicuous Hindoostanee, and has obtained medals will be the merit of those distinguished of merit for rapid and considerable prostudents, whose zeal and ardour overcom gress in both of those languages: he has ing circumstances so discouraging, shall also made some progress in Arabic; and enable them to reach distinctions, denied the Persian and Arabic Professor reports, to their less fortunate competitors.

that “he is by far the best scholar of the “ These observations have been na “ present year, and his progress has been turally suggested by a consideration of « creditable both in Arabic and Persian." the small number of students who are He brought with bim from Hertford Col. now to enter on the public service, and lege, some knowledge of Persian and by the fact that on this occasion no stu Hindoostanee languages. Mr. Thomadent has obtained that eminence in the son's assiduity, and rapid attainment of scale of proficiency, which entitles him the requisite degree of proficiency, entitle to hold a disputation, ar to receive a degree him to high commendation. of honour. No inference unfavourable “ Since the late examination, Mr. Thoto the character of the institution, or to mason has applied for and obtained the the general ability and assiduity of the permission of Government, to continue students, can, however, justly be drawn his studies in the College till December from these facts, of which the causes are next, with the view of acquiring a more to be sought exclusively in the increasing extensive knowledge of the native lanand paramount demands of the public guages. The Government willingly grantservice, and the rules framed to meet ed this permission to Mr. Thomason; and them. While the College is able to fur the Governor General in Council will be nish an annual supply of qualified can glad to encourage the disposition to study, didates for public employment, bearing manifested by students who, like Mr. such a proportion to the whole number of Thomason, may have proved by their students as the results of the present year steady application and acquirements, and exhibit, it cannot be affirmed with any regular habits, that they will make a colour of justice that it has failed in the suitable return for the indulgence of reprincipal object of its institution.

maining in College. “ I shall now proceed to offer a few “ Mr. Patton, who stands next to Mr. observations the results presented Thomason, was admitted to the College by a review of the transactions of the in July 1822, and was reported qualitied College, since the period of the last in the Persian language at a private meeting.

examination on the 25th of April last. “ Sixteen students have been exainined At the present examination he is classed this year, at the annual examination, of first in the first class of Hindoostanee wborn three only have been reported quali students, and reported a proficient in that fied by their proficiency in two languages language, and qualified to enter upon the to enter on the public service; but four public service. teen more have been examined interme “ Mr. Morris, who was admitted to the diately, at various periods, since the last College in August 1822, was examined annual examination, and reported quali- with Mr. Patton, and found qualified in fied for the public service. The total Persian. He is placed third in the first number of proficients therefore, in two class of Hindoostanee, and reported quali. languages, this year is seventeen, which fied for the public service. Asiatis Journ.- No. 97.

VOL. XVII. M

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