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tribes, and supplanting it by a litera- | 20 miles, to Sandy Will's town. We ture truly Christian, as the recent in- started about noon; but owing to the troduction of the Roman character into shallowness of the river, our progress was India. It is the heathen literature-l impeded, by trees and logs fallen into
more and more convinced of it the water. The wide-spreading branchevery day—it is the heathen literature es of the trees, almost embracing each of these nations that props up their other across the narrow river, rendered religion, and in fact gives it all its it extremely dark after sun-set. Findcharms, binding down the minds of its ing that we could proceed no farther votaries to an ignorance and stupidity in our canoe, about an hour after sunthat is truly astonishing.
down we landed about 2 miles from In the same communication, after speaking tives, who were going to his town,
Sandy Will's place. A party of naof the kindness of Mr. Pearce, at whose coming along at this time with a brand house the missionaries were most hospitably of fire, they guided us in a narrow, entertained while at Calcutta, and alluding crooked foot path, through woods and to the purchase of a small fount of pica, with high bushes, to the place of our destithe diacritical marks necessary for the Shan nation. We were hospitably receive language, from the donation of Capt. Jenkins ed. A dish of rice, fish and cassada, before acknowledged, Mr. Brown subjoins, cooked after the native fashion, was
soon furnished us.
In the morning, Several other individuals have in
we stated our object—that we contemterested themselves very much in the plated establishing a native school at Sadiya mission; Major White, of Edina, and wished to know whether Assam, has subscribed 200 rupees; Sandy Will felt disposed to send any Mr. Bruce and Lieutenant Charlton children to it. He told us that he was each 100; and R. M. Bird, Esq. of not king of that part of the country, Allahabad, has sent br. Pearce an order but was merely governor under king for 250 rupees to be applied for the Will Gray; and that king Gray was assistance of the mission. I have also then at a town about 2 miles distant, to mention the donation of a large attending the burial services of a relanumber of books, partly for the mission tive. This
very providential. library at Sadiya, and partly for the use We, therefore, concluded to go with of schools, from C. E. Trevelyan, Esq., him and lay the matter before king a distinguished friend of missions and Gray, as nothing could be done without general education, who, in connection his consent. As soon as the king aswith Capt. Jenkins, was the means of certained what we came for, we were introducing Sadiya to us as a mission- furnished with an opportunity of makary field. An orrery and globe for ing a formal statement of our object. schools, with a missionary map, have Under a thatched roof open on all also been presented by him.
sides, (a place occupied by his black
A mat was In a subsequent letter, Mr. Brown ac- smith,) we assembled. knowledges a donation of Chinese Scriptures spread on the ground for us to sit on,
and around us sat the from the Missionaries at Serampore, com
ing, some prising 100 copies of each of the Gospels, chiefs, and about 20 subjects. Br. 100 copies of the Acts of the Apostles,-10 natives, and accustomed to converse
Harris, being a trader among the copies of the New Testament, and 6 copies or with them, was our spokesman. The the Old Testament, from Genesis to Psalms. substance of his remarks was, That Also, a copy of Dr. Marshman's Chinese God seeing their benighted condition, Grammar, for the mission library.
had sent us to instruct them ;—that God lived in our hearts, and we dared
not disobey him ;—that we came to do Tu est Africa.
them good, not to promote our selfish interest ;- that we wanted them to “sabby [know) book all the same as Merica people.” He stated to them,
that they had now no sense because Visit to the Interior-Proposed School- they could not understand books, Favorable reception by the natives.
that they could not build vessels nor Edina, Feb. 8, 1836. Last week on framed houses, nor do many other Wednesday, br. Mylne and myself things done by Americans,--that they with br. Harris, a member of a Baptist could not “sabby God's palaver," &c. church, went up Mechlin's river about | He then proposed to them that their
EXTRACTS FROM THE JOURNAL OF MR.
head men should send their children, | arrived at the river, we went down some one, some two, others three or about 15 miles, almost to its mouth., four, according to their several ability. We then dragged the canoe across a He said that we did not expect them piece of land about 200 yards, into to pay us for instructing their children, a pond. Crossing the pond, we next (for we knew that this would be in dragged the canoe across a broader vain,) but all we should require, would piece of land into the other Junk river, be, that they should send us a sufficient opposite the Junk settlement. It was supply of rice every moon for each boy. now after dark; but seeing a light in the After listening attentively to what was settlement, we went over in the canoe, said, the king, with his head men, went and were kindly received. Having out to confer on the subject. After come that day, by land and water, they returned, the king, in a manner about 40 miles, we were quite exhausttruly affecting, spoke of their own ed when we arrived. The Junk settleignorance, and the evils to which it ment is just commencing on a very subjected them; not leaving out their pleasant location near the mouth of the incapacity to understand God's palaver largest Junk river. Town lots have (that is, his communications of divine been laid out by Dr. Skinner, and some truth). He said, his heart willed to have been cleared up. The next day comply with our request. He however we stopped, it being the Sabbath, and wished to consult some chiefs in other had public service. A sermon was towns at a distance, so that there preached by myself to the few who had might be unanimity throughout his collected 'there, from Mait. vi: 33. doininions on the subject. They also Just at night we started up the river agreed to send a dozen or twenty men again, in order to secure a passage to build a native school house, as soon
to the head of the river the next day at as they got through cutting their farms. a suitable time of tide ; and having as
cended the river about 12 or 15 miles, Journey to Monrovia.
we stopped at a native village, where The Baptist church at Baesa Cove, with they gave us some thing to eat and furwhom the missionaries had for some time nished us with huts to sleep in. About maintained religious services on the Sabbath, three o'clock in the morning, we having no meeting-house, and the rainy resumed our course and went up the
The season fast coming on, it was judged advisa- river, about twenty-five miles.
effluvia from the mangrove swamps ble for Mr. Crocker to proceed to Monrovia, lining the margin of the river, were for the purpose of expediting the requisite very offensive. The last four or five preparations to build one. Accordingly, on miles of the river were of very diffithe 19th of March, Mr. C. set out for Mon-cult navigation. Logs and shallows rovia, in company with Dr. Skinner, govern- made our progress very slow. About or of the Colony. We extract from his eleven o'clock in the forenoon we landjournal the following details of the journey. ed, and, leaving our canoe, walked unAfter mentioning that they left Edina, on
der the rays of a vertical sun, about foot, at mid-night, the journal proceeds.
four miles, till we arrived at the head
of the Mesurado river. After wading We took this time to avoid the heat across this river, we soon arrived at a of the sun, and to take advantage of very pleasant native village. Here we the tide, as we could not start at high staid and took dinner. Procuring a water. Soon after we started, it rained canoe here, we went down the Mesquite hard. As there was no shelter urado river about twelve or fifteen to be found, we travelled on. At miles, to Monrovia, and arrived about 6 o'clock in the morning, we arrived at an hour after sun-set. In this crooked Little Bassa, a native town on the sea rout, we came about one hundred miles. coast, distant from Edina 18 miles, I had a slight attack of the fever at where are a few American colonists, Monrovia. I was however enabled to with trading factories. We took do my business, and to visit New breakfast here, and being somewhat Georgia, Caldwell, and Millsburg. At recruited, proceeded by land about the latter place, spent a Sabbath, and 7 miles further, to one of the Junk saw the ordinance of baptism adminisrivers. In passing over these 7 miles, tered to two candidates by br. Smith, Dr. Skinner and myself were car-pastor of the Baptist church there. The ried on the backs of some natives state of religious feeling among the about one third of a mile, over the most Baptist brethren appeared quite enboggy place I ever saw. After we couraging.
Mr. Crocker returned to Bassa Cove ihe and the workmen are going on, expect2d of April, by water, and soon after, in ing to have it well covered before the consequence of his exposure and fatigue rains fully set in. The Lord has seemduring his absence, and subsequently in ed lo sinile upon the little church; six preparing the site of the proposed meeting. persons including ourselves, within a house, was seized with a violent fever, which few weeks have been added to its
number; four by letter, two by baptism. for a time deprived him of his reason. Un.
We have said as yet but little der date April 18th, he thus writes
respecting a mission-house. We beA week ago to-night I lay rolling venient house should be built to ac
lieve it necessary that a large conand tossing under a burning fever, unconscious of what was going on
commodate those missionaries who about me. During most of the night, may hereafter come out here. Much, and for a day or two, I was partially very much in passing through the deranged, under the influence of a
acclimation, depends upon the comforts burning head-ache. But, through the and conveniences which the person kindness of my Heavenly Father, I am
can command. If ever a person needs now much better. This was, no doubt, to be comfortably situated, it is when the result of too much exposure and passing through the African fever. So fatigue. I may, perhaps, be blamed
for far as we have been able to discover as exposing myself thus; but we cannot yet, the spot of ground which we have get along here without doing so.
purchased seems most eligible for this cannot have the conveniences of civiliz purpose.
The ditches which have ed countries. If we travel by land, it been commenced around it, are not as must be on foot, either on the sea yet completed, and time may possibly coast, or in the narrow crooked paths change our minds in regard to its of the natives. If we travel inland by have been for months, living in the
We are at present, and water, it must be in canoes, allowing but little change in our position while house with a colored brother, who has travelling miles. If we go by sea from a wife and seven children at home. one part of the colony to the other, it The house has lwo rooms on the floor, must be in small boats, from six to fif- and a garret divided into two apartteen or twenty tons, where we
ments, one of which serves for our liable to sleep out, * five or six nights,
housekeeper, and the other is our bedon deck, exposed to the cold damps? om, storehouse, study, &c. We took I would not say this in a spirit of this because we could get none that murmuring. I trust I feel no such
suited us better. disposition as this. I bless God that
We shall probably go back into the he has brought me here, and permits country again in a few days, and see ·me to suffer a little for his cause.
king Will Gray, and then determine The weather here, for the most part
something about the school. of the time, is agreeable to our feelings
The Board may wish to know what in the shade, as there is almost all the would be best to send out for our use. day either a land or sea breeze. The As it respects money, we are oblige land breeze blows till nine or ten
to turn most of our specie into goods, o'clock; then there is a lull of an hour before we can purchase our provisions, or two, and then the sea breeze is fresh or pay the natives for work. We have till night. But constitutions accustomed
avoided speculation altogether. The to our northern winters, must experi
articles which we use in trade are cloth, ence a change when placed where the tobacco, crockery ware, iron pots, glass is rarely below seventy-six all powder, and small implements of husthe year round. In the place where I bandry. With these we buy, as the am writing, it is usually not far from natives bring them along, rice, cassada, ninety, in the middle of the day; these we pay them for work. The
plantains, chickens, fish, &c. With though this is a kind of garret, and natives seem to know nothing about warmer than the lower part of the the value of specie, and will not take house. As it respects the meeting-house, we
it. It is necessary for us to have a have selected what we believe to be variety of articles to suit them, for a very eligible spot for its erection,
sometimes they have what we need very much, and if we have not the
article they want, they frequently will * When going against the current, as we
not take any thing else. must in going to Monrovia now.
As it respects the coming out of
other missionaries to this place, we sart, since he has been here. The orfeel ourselves justified in speaking dinary number of persons who meet encouragingly. The climate we do for worship on the Sabbath is between not believe to be so fatal as we once fitty and sixty. The chapel, or as anticipated. The actual suffering from there called, temple, in which they hold heat is not so great, ordinarily, as from their services, is a small building 24 the heat of July and August in New feet square, erected wholly at the exEngland. Indeed, so far as my own pense of these poor villagers. 1200 feelings are concerned, when free of francs have already been laid out upon it, the fever, I should prefer this climate and it is estimated that 800 francs more to that of New England. It is true, will be needed to finish it. The walls the change is great, and is attended are of brick, and the roof is covered with danger. But I think the experi- with straw, forming what is called a ence and observation of the settlers in thatch. This is by far the most general relation to the fever, are lessening the covering of all the houses in the hamdanger.
lets. We found the brethren bere My health is not at present firm, and very affectionate. The kiss of charity, I am now writing under some apprehen- the form of salutation among the primision that the effort which I have made, tive Christians, is in use in all these and which I feel it necessary to make, parts. Thursday evening br. Willto write a few letters home, will induce marth addressed about twenty persons, another attack of the fever; yet I feel who had collected notwithstanding the some hope that God intends to spare rain, from 1 Pet. ii: 19. His instrucme to do some good in this benighted tions were seasonable and appeared to land. If not, his will be done. Br. be received in the same spirit of ChrisMylne's health has been very good tian love in which they were given. most of the time of late. He looks as The position which the church has rewell as when he started from America. cently taken, in inviting to the ordi
nance of the supper none but the bapFrance.
tized, has produced much excitement in the vicinity, and for a while at least, closed some doors against M. Dusart.
We found this excellent and faithful SHELDON, DATED PARIS, APRIL 27,
brother much tried in consequence, 1836.
and greatly in need of the syinpathy Visit to the Department of the North. and counsel which we gave him. Our
I know not whether I shall be able visit greatly strengthened bim. to communicate to the Board any infor- The Sabbath morning following, I mation concerning the state of inatters listened to a plain, but very serious and in the Department du Nord, which they interesting discourse from M. Dusart, have not already ; yet I will venture to founded on Phil. iv: 4–7. Br. Willgive the result of my own observations, marth preached in the afternoon. hoping that they may be of some little Many persons being present from the service in assisting the Board to form neighboring villages, it was judged an accurate idea of the actual state proper that he should take that occaof the churches in that region, and of sion to state and explain, in a kind the degree of encouragement we have manner, the scriptural model for the to continue and extend our operations. organization of the Christian church.
Leaving Paris on the morning of If I may judge of the feelings of the Monday the 4th inst., we reached Ber- auditors from their marked attentivetry, where M. Dusart is stationed, on ness to br. Willmarth, and from the the Wednesday following. This is a affectionate regard which they manismall village, about four leagues from fested for him and the other missionaCambray, and contains a little more ries at the close of the service, they than 400 houses, which, however, must have looked upon it as a season are nothing more than rudely built of great spiritual profit. For myself I cottages. The number of inhabit- can freely say, that the occasion was ants in the hamlet is between 1500 one of greater interest than any forand 1600, of whom 100 to 110 are pro- mer one which I had been permitted to testants. About two thirds of these enjoy in France. It was impossible protestants may be said to favor Bap- not to be charmed with the appearance tist views. The Baptist church here of those villagers. They were all comprises twenty-five members, five of neatly dressed, and exhibited in this whom have been baptized by M. Du- respect a striking contrast with their
appearance as seen during the week! the arches of this edifice, that his memin their cottages. They were nearly ory was deserving of a far more enall furnished with copies of the Holy lightened respect than was paid to it Scriptures, and when, at the opening of by the mass of superstitious devotees the service, a chapter was read, they who resort here to receive absolution kept their eyes closely fixed upon it; from their priests. The following may and in the progress of the discourse, i serve as specimens of the confidence whenever any passage was referred to , which the catholics are taught to put for illustration or proof, they invariably in the intercession of saints. I took turned to it, and followed the words as them down in the cathedral with my the servant of God was uttering them. pencil, using care to write them word At 5 o'clock, P. M., there was a third for word. 'They are found suspended service, at which time we were favor- under figures of the saints in question. ed with hearing the first public disc "Seigneur, nous vous prions, par l'intercourse of M. Pruvots, who since the cession de St. Hubert, de nous preserver first of January last has been pursuing i d'etre mordus des animaux atteints de la his studies with M. Dusart, under the rage: et de tout accident, par Jesus. direction of the missionaries. This Christ, notre Seigneur. * "_"Saint Ghisa brother is thirty-two years of age, and lain, priez pour nous.t”. has a wife, and four children. He is Proceeding from Cainbray, we came probably the most promising person we by a ride of six leagues to Douai, a have yet had on our list of students. city of about the same size and imporOn this occasion he spoke for half an tance as Cambray, and still more stronghour with great freedom and accepta- ly fortified. About five leagues from bleness, from Rom. xii: 12. Besides Douai, is Orchies. We reached this studying with M. Dusart, he often ac- place. Monday evening. It is a small companies him in his visits to the city containing about 3,000 inhabitants. neighboring hamlets, and takes some There is, however, a large population in part in the services at the little meet- its environs--not less, we were told, ings which are held on these occasions. than 19,000 within the circuit of two It is eight years since he became a leagues from the clocher, or village convert to the Savior. He conducts church. The people are almost wholly the singing at Bertry; and to me it was catholics. As the missionaries in cointruly interesting to see the whole as- pany with two or three others were sembly nearly, young and old, uniting walking in one of the streets, the chiltheir voices in this part of worship. Idren spoke aloud, “ les Protestants ! les ought also to mention, that I had the Protestants ! ” Not more than fortypleasure of seeing more than twenty five, however, of these Protestants can persons, the majority of them young be found here, to excite the odium of the lads, assembled as a Sabbath School, worthy catholics. The Baptist church to receive instruction out of the word to which M. Moutel, who is stationed of God.
here, preaches, has fourteen members. On Monday morning, the 11th inst., The number of his stated hearers on we left Bertry, accompanied by M. Du- the Sabbath is about thirty. sart, for Orchies. To reach this place At a short distance from Orchies is it was necessary first to return to Cam- the village of Nomain. I did not visit bray. This is a strongly fortified city this place, but the following particulars in the Department du Nord, and is said in regard to it, gathered from Messss. to contain about 20,000 inhabitants. I Moutel, Thieffry, and others, who are understand that there is here no evan- acquainted there, may be relied on as gelical minister. M. Dusart thinks accurate. It has a population of 2,126 that if we could station a suitable man persons, and including its dependencies, here, he might labor with a considera- (some hamlets in its vicinity,) contains ble prospect of usefulness. This city 127 protestants. There is here a Baptist is regarded with interest by the Dissident church of thirty members, Christian, and the man of taste, as be- twenty-eight of whom have been baping the place where the celebrated tized. There is also a National ProtFenelon 'lived and labored. The estant church, but it is smaller than church in which he preached is no Jonger standing. It was destroyed in
*" Lord, we pray thee, through the interthe time of the revolution. In the cession of St. Hubert, preserve us from the cathedral there is a fine marble statue bite of mad animals: and from every acciof this amiable and pious man. Ident, through Jesus Christ, our Lord." could not but think, as I walked under “ Saint Ghislain, pray for us."