Imágenes de páginas

ed the introductory prayer.

After bring it to us: All we do, is to drink it.” which performed the ordination ser I admit,' said 1, that white men vices.

make it, and bring it to you; and they 13. Miss Rice arrived from the are greatly to blame for it; and must Western Creek Mission, but in feeble give an account to God for what they health. She was two months on her do. They do it not to benefit you, but way, but had a good passage.

to get your furs. But this is not the 18. Miss Brown left to return home; business of all white men. Multitudes and, I think we may say, with improved disapprove of it, and send you missionhealth.

aries to tell you that the stuff is bad, is Eramination of the School - Conversation poisonous, and will ruin you and your

with Indians on drunkenness. families, both in body, and soul, both 24. Had our second quarterly ex- in this world, and the world to come. -amination of the school for the present And you know that their words are year; thirty-eight scholars attended. true, for you see how it steals away Some visiters from the fort, and town, your reason, your strength, and your present. I believe all were well satis- property, and makes you poor, naked, fied with the progress of the scholars in and hungry. And by this you may their several branches.

know that all their words concerning it July 4. Kabanoden, Kabawas, and are true, and that it will ruin your souls Wazawadong called to see me; but also. And you ought to listen to their their main errand probably was, toget words, and not drink it. Now, if you the cravings of nature satisfied. It do drink it, the blame is your own; you was evident that they were just cool- can no longer lay it upon the white ing off from a drinking frolic. Kaban- man. You know better. You know it oden was chief speaker, and early gave does you no good, but harm. If they me a hint of their wants. I however bring it to you, you know you are under seemed not to understand him, and no obligation to buy it, and ought not remarked, that, having heard of their in justice to yourself and your family.' arrival yesterday before meeting, I He said, If any man would sew up his went out to find them, and to inform mouth, he possibly might keep from them that it was worship-day, and get drinking. I said, “You pretend to be a them to meeting before they found man; and any one that is a man, ought those bad houses where people get i to have a mind strong enough to deny their heads turned wrong side out. himself of any thing that will injure But I could not find them, and I now him, and especially that which will deperceived that they had found those stroy him. "You ought to keep away bad haunts. Kabanoden said, “We from the houses where it is sold.' are not to blame for getting drunk. “ Ha,” said he, “if any body would You white men make the stuff, and cut my legs off, possibly I might.”

Other Benevolent Xnstitutions.


jemans, descendants of the tame Hottentots, South Africa.

(i. e. those who live among the colonists,) and a much more numerous tribe, living be

yond the Snow mountains, in the Pampus The missionary settlements of the United hills, several hundred miles in the interior,Brethren in this quarter of the world lie on the Caffres, inhabiting the territory beyond its southern extremity, in the colony of the the Great Fish river, which divides it from Cape of Good Hope.* The native tribes the country of the Hottentots,—the Tambooamong whom the gospel has been introduced, kies, represented as essentially one with the are the Hottentots, a pastoral tribe, and Caffres, and the original stock,—the Mamconsequently leading a roving life,-the Bos. bookies, and the Basootoos, employed as

servants by the Caffres and Tambookies, The colony of the Cape has now a fron. whose language and customs they have for the tier towards the interior, of nearly 900 miles most part adopted, -the Bushmen, the Be. in extent, with a population of about 235,000. chuanas, the Corannas, &c. Of these, the

Ch. Miss. Reg. labors of the United Brethren have been

mostly confined to the Hottentote and Tam. | Cape Towo; so widely had the news of the bookies.

arrival of Christian teachers been diffused “Traders and missionaries, however, have through the country. During the first twentraversed the country as far as the tropic, and ty-five years, more than 1-100 Hottentots, the influence of this intercourse is probably Caffres, and other leathen, had been bapfelt a good deal farther into the interior. tized. The moral influence of the missionaries is

A third seitlement, called Enon, was form. exercise every where among the Bechu

ed in 1818, on Witte Revier, (White River), anas, Tambookies, and Caffres; but that of the government is confined chiefly to the

near Algoa bay, on the confines of Caffraria, last-mentioned tribe, and a small portion of at the distance of a fortnight's journey from the Tambookies. The number of Caffres Gnadenthal, and 500 miles from the Cape. is estimated at about 120,000 souls, and is The other stations of the United Brethren in not considered to differ much from that of South Africa are, Hemel-en-Aarde, a hosthe Tambookies; the number of Bechuanas, and of other small tribes on the northern pital, for the relief of lepers, about 12 miles boundary, is not known. By the inter- from Caledon, and near the sea-Sounded in course with European traders, a taste for 1823; Elim, near Cape Aiguilla, about 60 several European articles has been created | miles from Gnadenthal,–1821; Hout-kloof, among the natives, and the wish to supply half-way between Elim and Gnadenthal,these new wants bas probably, in some in- | 1934--occasionally visited; and Shiloh, among stances, acted as an incitement to industry, the Tambookies-on the Klipplaat river, in and will, no doubt, eventually have that effect; but it has also given rise to robbe- 27° east longitude, and 31° 30' south latitude, ries and depredations, as the common re- but recently (1835) received within the bounds source for increasing their property. On of the Colony.—The following notices of the the other hand, the missionaries have inva- recent state of the mission are derived from riably approved themselves as messengers the correspondence of the missionaries as of peace, and feuds and bloodshed have been frequently prevented by their inter- given in the “ Periodical Accounts” for 1835. vention, though they have not as yet made Gnadenthal. Missionaries, including such an impression as to produce any females, 12. “ The congregation consists striking change in the general conduct of of 1383 individuals, (43 more than last year;) the natives,

viz. 627 communicants; 104 candidates for The first missionary sent to South Africa members; 390 children; 37 candidates for

the communion; 115 baptized, or received by the United Brethren, was George Schmidt. baptism; and 110 new people and children, He arrived at Cape Town July 9, 1737, and not yet baptized.” soon after fixed his residence among the Hot “There are in the whole Unity of the tentots, at a place about 70 miles distant, and Brethren probably few, if any, of our felultimately on Sergeant's river, about 130 low-laborers whose trials are so light, and miles east by north of Cape Town, whence

whose encouragements are so abundant as

O may we at all times, under a deep he returned to Holland in 1743. At the

sense of our own unworthiness, be inclined close of 1792, the mission was re-commenced, to give Him all the glory, and be fully at the same place, called Bavian’s Kloof aware of the importance of exerting our(baboon’s glen), and subsequently Gnaden. selves, while such is the state of things, thul (Grace-vale). The number of mission seeing we can hardly expect to be always aries was three. One male and one female have of late perceived a very encouraging

so highly favored! On many occasions, we missionary were added in 1798. Others revival among the members of our numerjoined the mission in 1800.

ous congregation, particularly on the 13th In 1808, the missionaries formed a second of August and the 7th of September. On settlement among the Hottentots, at Groene the last-mentioned day, there was a greater kloof (Green glen), lying ncar the sea, be

concourse of people in our church, both of low Table mountain, 40 miles north of Cape have seen for a very long time, and great

our own people, and of strangers, than I Town. Before the close of the year, 101 Hot-crowds were obliged to encamp before the tentots came to reside on the premises. Ac-open doors of the church. On the 12th, cessions of inhabitants from other heathea being the anniversary of the opening of our nations were received in subsequent years, the parents, met in the church, when the

infant-school, the children, and nearly all both at Groenek loof and Gnadenthal; and, former went through part of their exercises, among them, individuals of the Dambra, or

to the great delight of all present. Dambarra nation, who dwell behind the great “ The number of pupils now amounts to Namaqua, at a distance of 1700 miles from | 150, and more are admitted from week to


week. Not many years ago, the Hottentots were baptized unto the death of Jesus. understood so little of the importance of May they have grace to remain faithful to education, that it would bave been very their vows. difficult indeed 10 secure their co-opera “We have now a flourishing infanttion; now they vie with each other, who school, of which I have the favor to take shall be foremost at the work. This, too, is charge; it is frequented by about 100 chila fruit of our infant-school.” Sept. 1831. dren: Jast Thursday I counted 104. My

“In general, the spirit in our congrega- little scholars afford me much pleasure, by tion, both among old and young, is pleasing their simplicity and desire for instruction, and encouraging; and we have this year and our Savior is pleased to lay an evident known little or nothing of the troubles so blessing upon my feeble endeavors to serve common in the harvest-time. Sixteen in these lawibs of his flock. It is quite a treat dividu:ls have obtained permission to live to me, 10 visit the families living in our here since new-year, and the infant-school place: as I approach the houses, I am alis so crowded with children (upwards of most sure to hear the children singing 160,) that I purpose having an examination hymns they have learnt at school. On ennext week, and, on that occasion, advancing tering, they run to take my hand, and, about forty of them into other schools." when I leave, often follow me from one

Jan. 1835. street of the settlement to the other. While so 'The whooping-cough having now hap- if I were a child again, though I have pass

I am in the midst of them, I almost feel as pily disappeared, our schools are again well

ed my 50th year. Some of these children are filled, and it is a remarkable proof of the value of our feruile valley, that though most

not above two years old: eight have already heads of families are now in Caffraria, not begun to read, and 17 are learning to spell.

Oct. 1834. a single child is on that account prevented from attending the schools. The mothers

“ We rejoice that the children become have hitherto supported their families, by the produce of their gardens and lands; and, preachers of righteousness, by their receiv

ing the word of God, and declaring in simay mentioned above, I hope they will soon be assisted by government. One of the plicity their faith in, and love to, Jesus. oldest inhabitants of our place, Daniel Sep- treating of the mercy, condescension, and

They delight to pray, and to sing hymns tember, lately departed this life in a very love of our Savior, in becoming man, sufferhappy frame of mind, and, in gen the state of our congregation is encouraging. sinners. By this means they have often

ing, and dying to procure salvation for lost Sometimes we have indeed occasion 10 grieve over the light-mindedness of many others. At the examination of the infant

spoken to the heart of their parents and of our young people; but, even among class, there are not a few who are brought school, thirty-eight children had improved to a saving knowledge of Christ, and whose so much, that they could be removed to the conduct proved the sincerity of their faith. upper schools; and we hope that the seed In spite of the troublous times, 42 indi-Jittle ones, will bring forth fruit to the

sown in the hearts of nearly ninety of these viduals have obtained permission to live praise of the Lord our Savior. It is owing here since new year, and upwards of a

to the blessing of God, that, instead of growdozen are under consideration, and will

ing up like wild creatures, they are thus probably be admitted in a short time.”

employed in learning the doctrines of the May, 1835.

Holy Scriptures, whereby they may be Groenekloof. Eight missionaries. * Among

made wise unto salvation; and surely many, the Hottentots, who compose our congregile

if not all of them, will be gained for Christ." tion, we should be glad to perceive a greater

March, 1835. hunger and thirst after righteousness; yet we

Enon. Five missionaries. In the early can declare, with thankfulness to the Lord, that there are among them many faithful of the inbabitants of Enon, removed with

part of 1834, the mission family, with most souls, and that we continue to have encourag- their cattle to Citenhage and its vicinity, on ing proofs that the word of the cross is not

account of an invasion of the Caffres, but preached in vain. At the close of the year were permitted to return again in safety, 1833, the number of persons of all ages un- after the expiration of a few months. At der our care amounted to 679, 13 more the close of 1933, the congregation conthan at its commencement. Of this num- sisted of 415, of whom 138 were communiber, 222 were communicants. Since the beginning of the present year, various changes have taken place, by the departure

Hemel-en-Aarde. One missionary. At of some, and the admission of others to the close of 18:34, 87 were under the care the privileges of the church. The 7th of of the missionary, of whom 23 were coinSeptember, the memorial-day of the mar

municants. ried people, was a season of especial bless Elim. Four missionaries. “We live ing to our fock: on this occasion six adults here in perfect peace, and know nothing


of the troubles of the Caffre war, but what brethren there have been protected by we read in the Cape news-papers.

the outstretched arm of our Almighty Sa“ Having thus enjoyed rest from without, vior. Whilst we considered them in imwe have had the more abundant opportuni. minent peril, and were sometimes temptty of seeking the kingdom of God and His ed to give way to anxious thoughts about righteousness ;-had we done this at all their safety, they appear to have lived in times, and with all our heart, our place perfect peace, and to have been so little diswould indeed have been a paradise. But turbed by the bloody scenes which were as we have failed herein, these have been acted in their neighborhood, that on the sth. sufficient to remind us, that we are still in of January they laid the foundation-stone of a vale of tears. Nevertheless, our gracious their new church, the walls of which were Savior continues to ilwell among us, and to more than half finished in the beginning of bear us with unspeakable patience and February. The baptized Tambookies have long-suffering. Nor is He wearied in pre- assured br. Bonatz, that they will follow no puring us, through the operation of His other standard than that of the Cross; and grace and His Holy Spirit, for the enjoy- the tribe generally appear to take no sbare ment of the heavenly inheritance.

whatever in the attack on the colony, and “On the preaching of His gospel, Ile to be left at peace both by the Caffres and continues to lay an especial blessing. The the colonists."

March, 1835. number of those who flock to hear it increases progressively, and such is the con

“ July 8th. Three Tambookies came course of hearers at our public worship, both and demanded my consent to their having a Christians and heathens, that our little hall smelling-dance for the benefit of a sick is quite overflowing:

man. They insisted upon it, that he was “ At the close of 1834, there were 271 | bewitched, and that by this means they inhabitants at Elim, and 29 persons at

could discover the şorcerer. I knew that Houtkloof, in connection with our church. the witch-doctor would fix upon some perIn the course of the past year, 31 persons son against whom he had a spite, and that have received permission to reside with us

the latter would be most cruelly tortured to 30 adults have been baptized, and 13 ad- extort confession. In such cases, as soon as mitted to the Lord's supper.

the victim is released, some time is indeed “ The new people appeared to be earnestly allowed for his escape, but another party seeking the one thing needful: the candi- are ready to hunt him like a wild beast; dates for baptism in general gave evidence and when they overtake him, to stone him of growing self-knowledge, and, we trust,

to death. Of course I could not give my of increasing faith in the Lord Jesus. The consent to such diabolical work. I endeavbaptized assured us of their sincere desire to ored to convince them of the iniquity of it, remain faithful to their baptismal covenant, but in vain. One of them seemed mad and to abide in Jesus, from whom alone with rage, and exclaimed, that he well perthey could derive the needsul grace and ceived, that I wanted the patient to die; strength. With the communicants we had that I was myself a great witch-doctor, who Jikewise much cause for satisfaction. Or bewitched the sick people with the word of the little company at Houtkloof, 8

God, and all who believed it must soon already baptized, and walk worthy of the perish. I remained firm, and told them it grace bestowed upon them. Their children was better that they lett us, and went into attend our school, and show much diligence. their own country; for we should permit

“The infant school numbers 50 pupils, none to live here who did not serve God, and that for the elder children, 64. The and forsake the works of the devil. They utility of the former institution becomes now returned home in great wrath, but more and more manifest: its effect has been came the following morning, and used all already most beneficial upon the character manner of friendly expressions to excuse of the children. They have become friend- their violence. In a few weeks the patient ly and confiding, and in regularity, good recovered, and all the parties are glad to order, and cleanliness, have improved

remain with us. This is generally the way greatly. The little presents of clothing, with the Tambook ies: if they think we are which we have occasionally been enabled, displeased with them, they come of their by the kindness of friends in Europe, to dis

own accord to make apologies; and when tribute among the children, bave pleased they quarrel among themselves, they come them exceedingly, and proved no small en

to have their disputes settled. When they couragement to them."

July, 1835. perceive that I am somewhat impatient at Houtkloof. Here the “ Brethren occa

losing so much time, in attending to their sionally visit and preach the gospel, and hear us, for if you leave it to ourselves, we

justificationsundaccusations, they say, 'Pray have large auditories, the inhabitants of the shall begin to tight, and that you say is sin; surrounding neighborhoods being glad of therefore, you must attend to us. the opportunity of hearing the word of

They God."

are generally well satisfied with my deci

sion. Some say, Why did you learn our Shiloh. Five missionaries,

**Our í language? You must now be satisfied to



bear with us.' They are very cunning and Paarl. 35 miles north-east of Cape captious in their questions and answers.


missionary, several “ In August, one of the Tambookies native assistants.-Communicants, 33— began to use the plough: he himself held scholars : children, 150; adults, 50. the plough, bis eldest son was driver, and Tulbagh. 75 miles north-east of Cape the younger led the oxen. It succeeded Town-one missionary.—Communicants, well, and gave great pleasure to all of them. 5—scholars : infant, 47 ; evening, 62; They were laughing and talking about it all Sunday, 22 adults and 20 children. An day. general, they are indeed a very increasing regard to instruction. merry race. The ploughman declared he Caledon. 120 miles east of Cape was not tired; and, in the following days, he Town-1811, renewed 1827—one misploughed several acres of his neighbors' sionary.-Hottentots belonging to the fields. He related, that when we were Institution, 783-communicants, 46– digging the foundation of our two first scholars : day, 120 ; sewing, 22 ; Sunday, houses, many Tambookies removed from 130 10 200 adults, the younger of whom the place, under an idea that they would make good progress. Some apprentices soon die, for we were digging their graves.

come 40 miles to attend public worship. “ After the Tambookies had learned the Pacaltsdorp. 245 miles east of Cape ten commandments and the Lord's prayer, Town—1813-one missionary, one assistit became customary with them to correct ant.-- Population in 1834, 1212_Sunday or rebuke each other by quoting them. congregation, averaged in July 1831, 400Thus, in case of any petty theft being com- scholars : infant, 117; day, 175 ; sewing, mitted, they not unfrequently accosted the 56 ; Sunday, 60 adults. culprit with the words, “Tell us what is Hankey. Near the Chamtoos riverthe eighth commandment.' Observing one 1925—-one missionary, one assistant.– of them working on Sunday, I followed Inbabitants, 600—communicants, their custom, and repeated the fourth com- scholars : infant, 50 to 60; day, 116. Govmandment, which caused the man to desist ernment has granted the Hottentots 800 immediately, and, without any attempt at acres of land; part of which is capable of self-justification, to carry his axe into the irrigation, and may be cultivated as gardens. house.

This increase of the means of subsistence “ The school continues to give us great brings a greater number under Christian pleasure. The adult Tambookie men at- instruction. tend twice a week, and come diligently to Bethelsdorp. 450 miles east of Cape church on Sunday, when the place is well Town--1502—two missionaries.—Populafilled, and great silence and devotion are tion, 1200--communicants, 1-10-scholars: observed. But they understand little, and infant, 90; day, 105; sewing, 24; Sunday, it appears sometimes as if I was addressing 180 to 200 adults. the rocks. Yet I am ashamed of my “ All the schools make satisfactory prodoubts. The Lord kuows His own time, and it is our duty to work while it is day; gress, and prope a great blessing to those

who attend. The exchange of tracts among and to beseech men to be reconciled to God. the families continues, with increasing The baptized Tambookies walk worthy of advantage. The poverty of the people their Christian profession, and show by abounded to the riches of their liberality, their quiet behavior, yet more than by in contributing to missions the sum of 541. their words, what spirit they are of.”

2s. 3. l-1d. The Temperance society Dec. 1831.

maintains a beneficial influence : temptaThe following is a Summary of the Mis- tions are numerous, but most of the memsions, &c. under the charge of the United In temporal things, the people are advanc

bers remain steadfast to their engagements. Brethren, at the close of 1834:

ing: the means used to induce them to Missions. Date of est. Sta. Mi s'ries. Commu.

build decent cottages are not without Greenland 1733

25 8.10 Labrador 1770

success : the making of salt has been a N. A. Indians 1734


profitable branch of industry. In the late West Indies 1732 27 111


Cali're war, 100 Hottentots formed the S. Africa 1736

contingent furnished by Bethelsdorp for the 6 39 renewed 1792


national defence : the patriotic feeling, and

the subordination to their commanders manTotal, 5

214 15,778 ifested by these men, were acknowledged,

in gratifying terms.

Port Elizabeth. Out-station to Bethels

dorp--one missionary.- Population 1100Cape Town. John Philip, D. D. Su-communicants, 41-scholars : day, 162 ; perintendent. Population, in 1831-2, sewing, 30 ; Sunday, 135 to 150. 18,586.

Uitenhage. Out-station to BethelsdorpBosjeveld. 40 miles north of Cape one missionary.-Communicants, Town-one missionary.

are Hottentots, Caffres,


4 2




67 ;

among whom

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