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Hosen and shoon thou gav'st with liberat HOME - but not to thee, sweet,

hands, As so oft before,

Kind words and gentle judgment ever Home – but home to thee, sweet,

thine ; Never, nevermore.

Now take thy way, content, o'er flowery

lands, Laggard grow the feet, sweet,

And meet, benignant thou, the eternal Dragging wearily,

smile benign. That stepped once so fleet, sweet, Home to Love and thee.

I far advanced upon the self-same road,

My heart forestalling still the footsteps. Thou'rt not there to greet, sweet, Nor to welcome me,


Waiting the opening of those gates of God, I no more shall meet, sweet,

Sick of believing, sick to see and know, Home and Heav'n in thee.

No word of parting say, no tear will shed, Home ! without thy smile, sweet ? But speed with tender greeting and with Home! without thy kiss ?

praise Home ! without thy heart, sweet ? The guest that to a fairer hostel led, Home ! and that to miss ?

Goes from our winter forth, content, by

happier ways. Home ! no, not to me, sweet; Till there can be this

Till next we meet ! and if meanwhile ere I Daylight without sun, sweet,

Make up to you, you meet with those of Heaven without bliss.

mine Yet - thou art at home, sweet,

Of whom we talked 'neath this same Waiting still for me,

wintry sky While I homeless roam, sweet,

The other day ; oh friend, a friendly sign, Home eternally.

A kind word give, as 'twas thy habit here,

Ever forestalling question with reply, And my steps may be, sweet,

As “ All is well, eh ?" lending to the ear Evermore may be,

A token kind of home, to be rememHome, still home to thee, sweet,

bered by Home to God and thee ! Cornhill Magazine. Then pass thou on, all cheerful to thy

place, Thou whom no whisper of the envious


E'er moved to evil word, suspicion base,

Or echo of ill rumor, low or loud. [E. S. PIGOTT, FEBRUARY 23RD, 1895.]

The age is almost past was thine and mine, FRIEND, farewell, the word is true and

The saner days and better near their end. sweet,

How glad would I my lingering past resign, Although I say it not with any thought And faring forth like thee, recover many Of parting long or severance complete.

a friend ? Farewell, and yet farewell ! may there be


M. 0. W. O. nought To hinder thy safe passage o'er the line

Invisible that parts the lingering way Which still is ours from that which now is

NATURE'S MAGIC. thine. Be here the darkness left ; meet thou th' Give her the wreckage of strife encountering day.

Tumulus, tumbled tower,

Each clod and each stone she'll make her Light be thy foot that has grown slow of late,

With the grass and innocent flower. And free thy breathi, unstayed by fog or chill,

Give her the Candlemas snow, Thy shoulders lightened of each mortal Smiling she'd take the gift, weight,

And out of the fake a snowdrop make, No prick of whin-strewn moor or thorny And a lambkin out of the drift. hill ;

Good Words.



From Macmillan's Magazine. priella” and “Omniana,” with all the ROBERT SOUTHEY.

rest, have to be sought in catalogues NEARLY seventy years ago Macaulay and got together, not indeed with imexpressed a doubt whether Southey's mense research (for none of them is poems would be read in half a century, cxactly rare), but with some trouble but was certain that, if read, they and delay. In any other country a dewould be admired. The doubt has cent if not a splendid complete edition certainly been justified ; the certainty would long ago have enshrined and may seem more than a little doubtful. kept on view work so admirable in Southey's character, which was once style always, frequently so excellent subjecied to the most unjust, though in mere substance, so constantly enlinot perhaps the most unintelligible, vened with fashes of agreeable humor obloquy, has long been cleared ; and or hardly less agreeable prejudice, and those who most dislike his matured above all informed by such an astonviews in political and ecclesiastical ishing knowledge of books. Johnson matters are the first to admit that few may have been fitted to grapple with English men of letters have a more whole libraries ; but Southey did grapstainless record. His prose style, the ple with them, his iudustry being as merits of which were indeed never de notoriously untiring as the great lexinied by any competent judges, "has won cographer's was notoriously intermitmore and more praise from such judges tent. as time went on. But he is less read Even in the article of biography the than ever as a whole, and his poems same malign, and to some slight deare the least read part of him. These gree mysterious, fate has pursued him. poems, which the best critics of his His life was extremely uneventful; own generation admired ; on which he but, except for the great catastrophe of himself counted, not in boastfulness or Sir Walter's speculative career, it was jo pique, but with a serene and quiet not much more uneventful than Scott's. coufilence, to make him as much ex- He was a delightful, though a somealled by the next age as lie thought what too copious letter-writer; he bimself unduly neglected by his own ; knew at all times of his life some of which extorted a grudging tribute even the most interesting people of the day ; from the prejudice of Byron, now and scanty as were his means he was a find hardly any readers, and fewer hospitable host and an untiring ciceeven lo praise than to read. Even roue in a country flooded every year among the few who have read them, with tourists. But he was as unlucky and who can discern their merits, es- in his biographers as Scott and Byron teem rather than enthusiasm is the were lucky. Cuthbert Southey appears commou pole ; and esteem is about the to have been an excellent person of most fatal sentiment that can be ac- good taste and fair judgment, but poscorded to poetry.

sessed of no great literary skill in genIt is of the prose rather than of the eral, and of no biographical genius in verse that Macaulay's prognostication particular ; while he had the additional has been thoroughly fulfilled. “The disadvantage of being the youngest Life of Nelson” represents it a little child, born too late to know much of less forlornly, but with hardly less iu- his father, or of his father's affairs justice than “ The Battle of Blenheim" during earlier years. Dr. Warter, and one or two other things represent Southey's son-in-law, had more literary the verse in the public memory. The ambition thau Cuthbert ; but lie was siately quartos of “The History of deficient in judgment and in the indisBrazil” and “ The Peninsular War,'' pensable power of selecting from the the decent octavos of “ The Colloquies letters of a man who seems often to on the Progress and Prospects of Soci- have written much the same things to ety” and “The Book of the Church,'' three or four correspondents on the the handy little doudecinos of " Es- I same day. The result is that though

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“ The Life and Correspondence” is a heirs of Lord Somerville. Southey, charming book as a book, with portraits however, never benefited by either, for and frontispieces showing the dead and his uncle's fortune went out of the delightful art of line-engraving at its family altogether, and it turned out best, and though both it and “The tbat Lord Somerville had somehow Selected Letters are full of interest, got the entail barred. His father, too, that interest is, in the ten volumes and failed and died early, and all the famperhaps five thousand pages of the lily assistance that he ever had came two, so frittered and duplicated, watered from the side of his mother, Margaret down and wastel, that only patient and Hill, who was pretty well connected. skilled extractors can get at it. An Her half-sister, Miss Tyler, extended a abridgment, putting the life together in capricious and tyrannical protection to Southey's own words, has, I believe, the boy in his extreme youth (turning been executed, and by no incompetent him out of doors later on the score of land; but there is always a curse on Pantisocracy and Miss Fricker), while abridgments. And besides, the charm her brother, Mr. Hill, a clergyman, of a biography consists hardly more in was Southey's Providence till long after the actual autobiographic matter, found he reached manhood. After a childin letters or otherwise, than in the hood (unimportant though interesting connecting framework. It is because to read about) in which he very early Boswell and Lockhart knew how to developed a passion for English literaC'xecute this framework in such a mas- ture, he was sent by his uncle to Westterly fashion that their books possess minster in the spring of 1788, and au immortality which even the conver- remained there with not much intersations of Johnson, even the letters of mission till it was time for him to go to Scott could not have fully achieved by Oxford. ihemselves.

This iatter translation, however, was Sonthey, for whose early years there not effected without alarums and exis practically no source of information cursions. Although Southey, neither but an autobiographic fragment writ- as boy nor yet as man, was the kind of ten rather late in life, and dwelling on person thoroughly to enjoy or thordetail with interesting though rather oughly profit by a public school, he was disproportionate fulness, was born in on the whole loyal to his own, and it Wine Street, Bristol, on the 121 of produced a valuable and durable imAugust, 1774. His birthday gave him, pression, on him. The coarser aud according to an astrological friend, "a more hackneyed advantage of "making gloomy capability of walking through friends” he had to the uttermost; for desolation," but does not seem to have it was there that he made the acquaintcarried with it any sporting tendencies. ance of Charles Watkin Williams At least his only recorded exploit in Wynn, who was through life his patron that way is the cccentric, and one as well as his friend, and of Grosvenor would think slightly lazardous, one Bedford, his constant correspondent of shooting wasps with a horse-pistol and intellectual double. He also profloaded with sand. His father, also a ited as much as need be in the matter Robert, was only a linendraper, but the of education, though, as has happened Southeys, though, as their omnilegent with other boys who have goue to representative confesses, “so obscure school with more general information that he never found the name in any than solid instruction, he was promoted book," were Somerset folk of old date rather too rapidly to become a thorough and entitled to bear arms. They haul, scholar in the strict sense. Nor did moreover, actual wealth in the posses- some rough experiences in his early sion of one of their members, the poet's days do him much if any harm. But uucle Jolin Cannon Southey, and the end of his stage was in a way unexpectations in the shape of estates en- fortunate. Nothing could have less tailed upon them in default of the male ' resembled the real man than his ene

mies' representation of him as a suppleresenting even the shocking innovation and servile instrument, kcen to note of his wearing his hair uncropped and and obstinate to seize the side on which unpowdered in hall. His tutor, with his bread was buttered, avd born to be perhaps more frankness than sense of a frequenter of Mainchance Villa. As duty, said to him, “Mr. Southey, sir, a matter of fact he was always an un- you won't learn anything by my leccompromisiug and impracticable ideal- tures ; so if you have any studies of ist, though with some safeguards to be your own, you had

better pursue noticed presently. In his last days at them.” This he did by getting up at school be showed this quality just as five o'clock in the morning to breakhe did twenty or forty years later, fast (one shudders to hear) on bread when he constantly struggled to write and cheese and red wine negus " walk

" in the Quarterly Reviero as if he were ing all over the country, learning to sole proprietor, sole editor, and sole swim and to row, and associating contributor thereof. It is needless to chiefly with men of his old school. He say that in his time, as earlier and seems to have kept terms or not with a later, any Westminster boy of ability casualty somewhat surprising even in rather above the average, and of toler- that age of lax discipline and few or no able character and conduct, had his examinations ; and after about a year future made plain by the way of Christ and a half of this sort of thing he Church or Trinity as the case might ceased to reside at all. It is scarcely be. But Southey must needs start a surprising that he should have felt periodical called the Flagellant, whereof very little affection for a place where the very title was in the circumstances he stayed so little and sat so loose ; seditious, and in an early number made and long afterwards he notes that, a direct attack on corporal punishment. though he was constantly dreaming of This arousing the authorities, he con- Westminster, he

dreamed of fessed and expressed contritiou ; but Oxford. the head master, Dr. Vincent, was im- In fact he was busy with thoughts placable, and not only insisted on his and schemes quite alien from the exleaving the school, but directly or in- isting scheme, or indeed from any posdirectly caused Dean Cyril Jackson to sible scheme, of the university. He refuse to receive him even as a com- had made the acquaintance of Colemoner at Christ Church. He matricu- ridge ; his boyish friendship with the lated at Balliol without demur in Miss Frickers had ripened into an enNovember, 1792, going into residence gagement with one of them, Edith ; le in January. Perhaps, indeed, though bad, though the atrocitics of the Terhis fortunes were now entering on a ror had much weakened his Gallorather prolonged low tide, this particu- mania, written “Joan of Arc," and he lar ill luck was, even from the lowest had plunged arılently into the famous point of view, not such very bad luck schemes of " Pantisocracy after all. At Christ Church even as a pheterism.” Of these much has been commoner, much more as a junior stu- heard, though I vever could make out dent, under such a dean as Jackson, why, of these two characteristic speciwho bore the sword by no means in mens of Estesian language, Pantisocvain, a youngster of Southey's tone racy should have secured a place in and temper, full of Jacobinism and all the general memory which its comits attendant crazes, would have come panion has not. As Coleridge's many probably, and rather sooner than later, biographers have made known, Panto some sigual mischance, even more tisocrasy, a scheme for socialist decided and damaging to his prospects colony in Pennsylvania or Wales or than the close of his Westminster anywhere, broke down ; and it pleased career. At Balliol, though he was in Coleriilge to consider that the blame no particularly good odor, they seem to was mainly Southey's. As a matter of have left him very much alone, not fact it was impossible to start it with


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out money, of which most of the Pan- orders, he should go to Lisbon (where tisocrats had none, and the others very Mr. Hill was chaplain) for six months little ; and no doubt Southey, who, to "simmer down," and should then visionary as he still was, had some read law. Southey consented, but, common sense and a very keen sense resolving to make desertion of his beof what was due to others, saw that to trothed impossible, married Edith attempt it would be cruel and criminal. Fricker on November 141h, 1795, aud While Coleridge had been ecstatically parted from her at the church door. formulating his enthusiasm in such This marriage, and the Portuguese sentences " America ! Southey ! journey which immediately succeeded, Miss Fricker ! Pantisocracy !” his may be said to have finally settled more practical friend was inquiring of Southey's fortunes in life, young as he Mr. Midshipman Thomas Southey, his was at the time. He was never the brother, “What do your common blue man to shirk a responsibility, and trousers cost ?" Alas! when a man though for some time to come le loycombines even an enthusiastic love for ally attempted to read law, he soon Aspheterism with a sense of the cost made up his mind that it was never of common blue trousers, the end can- likely to give him a livelihood. On not be doubtful.

the other hand his visit to the PeninIf, however, anybody imagined (and sula, with the interest thus created in indeed the manufacturers of " Mr. its history and languages, gave him Feathernest ” did try to set up such a that central subject and occupation notion) that Southey relinquished his which is almost indispensable to a generous schemes of honest toil abroad working man of letters (such as he was for a life of pensioned and voluptuous marked out to be and soon became) if infamy at home, it was a very vain he is not to be a mere bookseller's imagination. For a time, in October, hack. Directly indeed, Southey's 1794, and later, his prospects were Spanish and Portuguese books and about as little encouraging as those of studies were about the least remunerany young man in England. He had ative of all his mostly ill-paid work. steadfastly resolved not to take orders, The great “ History of Portugal,"


, the cardinal point of his benevolent planned almost at once, never saw the uncle's scheme for him ; his aunt light at all; and “The History of Braturned him out of doors ; his mother zil,” its more manageable offshoot and had nothing to give him ; and his in- episode, was but an uuprofitable book. tended bride was penniless. His But this visit to Lisbon, and another of wants, however, were exceedingly mod- somewhat longer duration which he est, but fifty pounds a year. He de- took with his wife some years later, livered historical lectures at Bristol, were of immense service. They thorlectures of the beautiful sweeping sort oughly established his health, which (“ from the Origin of Society to the had been anything but strong ; they American War') which the intelligent gave him, as has been said, a central undergraduate delights in ; and they subject to work upon in which he beseem to have been not unsuccessful. came an authority, and which served John Scott, the future victim of that as tie-beam and king-post both to his unlucky duel, undertook to fiud him multifarious work ; and they furnished journalism at a guinea and a half a him with one of those invaluable stores week, though it is not clear that this of varied and pleasurable memory than

came to anything. Cottle (Jo- which nothing is of more consequence seph of Bristol, the brother of Amos) to a man whose life is to be passed in gave him fifty guineas for “ Joan of apparently monotonous study. He Arc” and as many copies of the book more than once planned a third visit, to get rid of by subscription. Lastly, but war, scanty finances, unceasing Mr. Hill, his unwearied uncle, sug- occupations, and other things prevented gested that, as he would not take it; and though in his later years he


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