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East Killingly, ch. and cong. 37; Suffield, Literary Institution, Ladies' Miss. Soc., A. M. Judson, sec., to sup. Lavinia M. Parker in Maulmain Normal sch. 10; Wallingford, 1st ch. J. C. Mansfield, tr., 50; Bridgeport, ch., to cons. Mrs. William Hall and Mrs. Ezra Silliman L. M., 200; Groton, 2d ch.. to cons. Elisha Rathbun, L. M., 110; Brookfield and vicinity, Friends, 15;

Groton Bank, W. A. Weaver 10; Mrs. W. A. Weaver 25; New London, Rev. J. S. Swan 5; P. C. Turner 20; Mrs. P. C. Turner 20; with other donas. to cons. Peter C. Turner, L. M., per Rev. J. Aldrich, agent,

New York.

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A lady 5; New York City, "a friend” 100; 1st ch. For. Miss. Soc., for Siam Mission and to cons. Rev. Frank Remington, George Washington Hillman and Miss Emma E. Devan, L. M., 300; Berean ch., to cons. Henry Volk, I. M., 150; Stanton st ch., S. sch., to sup. James Cowan in Assam Orph. sch. 25; Gloversville, Karen Miss. Soc., Mrs. A. C. Churchill tr., 35; Spring Mills, Mrs. Mianda Chase 1; Mrs. Helen Chase 1; Killawog, Allen Cowdry 2; Riverhead, Joseph A. Overton 1; Brooklyn, William T. Dugan, to cons. his wife Mrs. Eliza Dugan, L. M., 100; Westkill, ch. and cong. 16; Buffalo, Washington st. ch. 10; Hemlock Lake, ch. 15; Reading, ch. and cong. 9; Braman's Corners, Mrs. Quick 1; Miss C. A. Quick 3; South Livonia, ch. 16; Chateauguay ch., Friends 6; 796.00 Albany, G. W. Boardman 50; James Wilson 25; G. Sheldon 10; Pearl st. ch. 42.81; S. Patten 50; State st. ch. 43.90; S. M. Fish 20; Two children 1; S. sch. 5; Mrs. John F. Rathbone 100; Grange Said 5; O. Shepard 5; George Dawson 5 James A. Gray 5; Mr. Plaisted 1 William Newton 10; Mrs. Newton 5; Eli Perry 50; Friend Humphrey 50; Buffalo, Rev. Mr. Shoemaker 2; Mr. Gray 2; Rochester, Rev. A. Heinrich, wife and family, for chapel at Elberfeld, 6; German ch. 8.54; Second ch. 65; H. L. Wayland 5; James White 10; Myron Strong 5; I. F. Smith 5; N. N. 1; Mrs. Griffin 1; Dr. Dean 5; Charles Dutton 3; James Bond 5; Professor Raymond 20; E. Huntington 25; Lockport, Elon Galusha 5; per Rev. J. G. Oncken, 657.25 Black River Asso. J. Webb, per Rev. H. A. Smith Agent, Cayuga Asso. coll. at semi-ann. meeting 17.37; Ira, ch. 15.45; A. Goodrich 1; Charles L. Phelps 25 cts.; Sterling, ch. 5.36; Sennett, ch. 40; Scipio, ch. 38; Auburn, Rev. E. Dean 5; W. B. Lynch 5; Lock, Mrs.Martha Conklin 2; Skaneateles, ch. 22.37; Judson M. Persong 13 cts.; Ellen M Persons 12; R. Newell Persons 11 cts.; Throopsville, ch. 88; Jordan, ch. 40; Fleming, ch. 6; to cons. Rev. Edward F. Gurney and Urbane V. Saxton, L. M., per Rev. H. A. S., Agent, Madison Asso. Georgetown, ch. 6.50; P. Baldwin 5; Madison, ch. 29.50 ; Mrs. Betsey Root 1; Miss 8. B.





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Gorton 50 cents; Cazenovia, Village ch. 63.61; per Rev. H. A. S., Agent,






St. Lawrence Asso., Ogdensburg, ch. with other donas. to cons. Rev. E. P. Salisbury, L. M., per Rev. H. A. S., Agent, Mohawk River Asso., with other donas. to cons. Rev. Wm. Thompson, L. M., per Rev. H. A. S., Agent, Niagara Asso., Wilson, Alvin Chapin, to cons. hims. L. M., per Rev. L. M. Osgood, Agent, Buffalo Asso., D. W. Williams, tr., Evans, ch. 2.50; James Ayers, to cons. Mrs. Judith C. M. Danforth, L. M., 100; Buffalo, Niagara Sq. ch. 51.57; S. sch. to sup. a child in Assam Orph. Sch., 25; Rev. C. P. Sheldon, to sup. a child in do. 25; Hamburg, ch. 20.21; Sardinia, ch. 30.50; Alden, ch. 22.22; per Rev. S. M. O., Agent, 277.00 Harmony Asso, J. B. Burrows, tr., Jamestown, ch 14.05; Carroll, ch., a lady 1; Ashville, ch. 6; Dewittville, ch. 2; Frewsburg, ch. 2; 2d ch. 12.50; Westfield, ch. 3; Portland, 1st ch. 10; Sherman, ch. 50 cts.; Mayville, ch. 45 63'; S. sch. for Assam Orph. Sch. 3.57; per Rev. S. M. O., Agent, 100.25 Ontario Asso., Geo. H. McClary, 23.50; Geneva, 1st ch. 11.53; Junius and Tyre, ch. 9: Vienna, Rev. G. Meads 5; Benton, ch. 43.25; Canandaigua, Village ch. 21.25; Manchester, ch. 70.67; Bethel, ch. 62.85; Middlesex, ch. 53 96; to cons. Roswell R. Tyler & Henry Douglass, L. M, per Rev. S. M. O., Agent, 301.01 Orleans Asso., B Farr, tr., 42 cts.; Kendall, ch. 10; Rev. E Savage 2 ; Albion, ch., to cons. William Van Duren and Paul Pratt, L. M., 263.82; S. sch. 20; R. S. Burrows, to cons. Mrs. R. S. Burrows, L M., 100; Medina, ch. 5; Yates, church, 144.66; Knowlesville, ch. 375; East Carlton, ch.5; Carlton Centre, ch. 1.50; Gaines and Murray, ch. 21.50; Shelby, ch. 22.35; per Rev. S. M. O., Agent, 600.00 Wayne Asso., J. McCarn, tr., coll. at semi-ann. mt'g. 4.85; Macedon, ch. 34.75; Williamson, ch. 24.50; Ontario, ch. 13.25; Marion, ch. 77.19; Palmyra, ch. 23; Walworth, 1st ch. 11; 2d ch. 850; Clyde, ch. 32.40; Rev. A. C. Kingsley 1; Sodus, 1st ch. 7.43; 2d ch. 2.27 ; Red Creek, ch. 3; Rev. N. Ferguson and wife 3; Butler and Savannah, ch. 208; Arcadia, ch. 50; Lyons, F. Gardner 2; per S. M. O., Agent, 300.22 Hudson River South Asso., New York city, Bedford Avenue ch. 9.10; Sixth St. ch. 10; George Gault, to cons. Obed Gault, L. M., 100; West 23d St. ch., to cons. Mrs. Milton Roof, L. M., 140; Yonkers ch. 13.53; Morrisania, ch. 5; per Rev. 0. Dodge, Agent,

New York Asso., New York city, 16th St. ch. with other donas., to cons. Josiah Failing, Mrs. Harriet M. Taggart and Mrs. Elizabeth Davis, L. M., 270; Jonas Sparks with other donas. to cons. Mrs. Cornelia Sparks, L. M., 50; Olive Branch ch. 14.44; with other donas. to cons. Mrs. Martha L. Phillips, L. M., per Rev. O. D., Agent, Franklin As80., William Stilson, tr., 106; Unadilla, ch. 16.50; West Meredith, ch. with other donas. to cons. Marcus Bronson, L. M., 56.08; per Rev. O. D., Agent,




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Pennsylvania. Philadelphia, William Bucknell, to cons. Mrs. Sarah Ashton, L. M. 100; Pittsburg, Mrs. Lizzie Arbuthnot 50; Mary C. Wright 3; Lewisburg, ch., S. Sch., O. N. Worden, tr.. to sup. William H. Ludwig under care of Mr. Kincaid and to cons. Oliver N. Worden, L. M., 100; South Ten Mile ch. 18.50; Margaret Cook 150; for Burman Mission. Roxborough, Fem. Miss. Soc. Mrs. J. H. Hoffman, tr, 40 Holmesburg, ch. 19.24; S. Sch. 8.76; Warsaw, ch. 4; Wyoming Asso., Jno. R. Mocre, tr.


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Cleveland, 1st ch., S. sch. 12; Erie St. S. sch. 12; for German Mission, Washington ch, Fayette Co., S. F. Yeoman 4; B. L. Ogle 5; Huntington, ch. 6; Elyria, ch. 41 29; West Lodi, ch. and Soc., 2; Tiffin, Benjamin Tombs 2; William Gallup 3; Norwalk, ch. O. G. Carter, tr. 30; S. sch., for Assam Orph. sch. 1; Avon, ch. 3; 0. Moon 2 Anna Ross 4; J. B. Jameson 3 Mary Jameson 2: Cherry Valley, Miss Jeannette West 1; Mrs. E. Colby 2; Andover and Williamsfield, ch. 3; Welsh Hills, ch. 8; Franklin ch., Warren Co., S. sch.8; Cincinnati, Mrs. Amanda Crosby 2; colored ch 7; Dayton, ch. 47.87; Columbus. ch 39.60; Zanesville, 1st ch. 33.07; Market St. ch. 100; Springfield, J. L. Moore 5; Norwalk, ch. 28.70; Elyria, ch. 21.80; P. A. Bischoff5; Grafton, Rev. W. L. Nisbett 2; Rockport, H. Alger, 5; Akron, Linus Austin 10; Cleve land, Seneca St. and Erie St. chhs., coll. 257.64; tillman Witt 50; Miss Thayer's sch. 4.79; three gold rings, per Rev. J. G. Oncken,


345:00 21.00



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Beaver Dam, ch., per Rev. 0. Dodge,
Milwaukie, coll. 21.50; Janesville,
coll. 3.35; Waukesha, coll. 12.69;
Rev. I. I. Westover and friends
2; Mr. Day 5; Whitewater, Mr.
Cole 1; Racine, coll. 20.45; Hans
Hanson, for Chapel at Seeland,
Denmark, 25; per J. G. Oncken

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Total, from April 1, 1853, to Feb. 28, 1854, #$61,557.85.

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(Continued from p. 109.) Geography of the country.

A range of mountains runs from Martaban, dividing the waters of the Salwen from those of the Sitang to an unknown distance beyond Toung-oo. Between Kyouksareet creek, a tributary of the Salwen, and Beling river, which falls into the Sitang, the strata have not been thrown up; and in the rainy season, a lake rests on the dividing ridge, from which the waters descend on the east towards the Salwen and on the west towards the Sitang, On Monday, Oct. 3, we entered this lake by Krung-eik creek, which, in some places, is so narrow that two boats cannot pass each other. Where we entered, the banks are high, with the little blue-petalled and yellow-stamened spiderworts creeping up the sides, half hidden by the bushes, like the violets of northern

climes; and the waters were covered with crinurus in full bloom. A few miles of progress brought us into open plains, extending as far as the eye can reach, but all under water, with an abundance of wild rice growing in it, though regarded by most travellers as a worthless grass. In times of scarcity, as now, the poor people gather it; and the kernel, though very small, is as good as cultivated rice. This lake has an outlet to the south, which we passed, falling into a stream at Kykeko (broken pagoda) a large Taling and Burman village, with a thick settlement around of Karens and Toung-thoos. Beling river is a considerable stream, from a quarter to half a mile wide; and, like the Mississippi in Louisiana, runs in a bed which in the rains is higher than the country on its west bank. Where we entered it, a range of hills is seen a few miles distant on the south, at the base of which are the ruins of the ancient city of Dungwoon; and near the site of these, numerous Karens are now located. The city is

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more on the inundated wild rice plains, which continue to the borders of the Sitang river. The waters are covered, in some places, by the white lotus, the red water-lily, and the nelumbrium, the sacred bean, and are the resort of numerous large water-birds. Pelicans may be literally seen in hundreds at once, multitudes in the air and multitudes in the water; and cormorants, herons, of several species, cranes, adjutants, teal, and an occasional vulture were every where visi

famous for being the birth-place of Maga- | we crossed the Kadat, and entered once
du, the first king of Martaban, whose
father was a merchant, settled in the city,
and the son, in early life, travelled with
his father's wares to Siam, where he laid
the foundation of his future greatness.
We passed up the river four or five miles,
and just above the handsome Burman
village of Shwa-htā (golden boat), we
entered a narrow breach in the west
bank, down which the water ran with a
strong current, much like a breach in the
levee, such as may be often seen above
New Orleans. Though universally re-ble. A range of hills, from one to two
garded as a natural creek, by both natives thousand feet high, bounds these fields on
and Europeans, I have little doubt that it the north, where there are several Ka-
is the work of art, and that a canal has ren settlements of both Pwos and Sgaus.
been originally dug, to connect the Mar-At the foot of the hills is the large Bur-
taban and Pegu provinces. The proba-man and Taling village of Kykehto, where
bility is increased by the recent discovery we stopped a few hours. When I stepped
of a canal, now in part filled up, between on shore and entered a zayat on the
the city of Pegu and Toung-00.
bridge, which seemed a resort for loun-
gers, I was soon surrounded by more than
twenty men, most of whom appeared dis-
posed to listen, though one or two sought
controversy. We were told that there
were five hundred houses in the village
and settlement; and it would be an inter-
esting region for a missionary who can
speak both Burman and Karen, to spend
a few weeks.

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After leaving the wooded banks of the Beling, which are studded in many places with the conglomerated fig, and which gives name to the stream, we entered again on boundless fields of wild rice, our passage being in a narrow gully, so shallow that our boats sometimes touched the ground, and which are used as cart roads in the dry season. On the west side of the plains is the village of Kauka-doot (the forwarding island), being a little knoll or island in the flooded plain, which, under the Burmese government, was a kind of dépôt. Through this village the Rangoon Christians had to pass, in former years, when they came overland to Maulmain; and they uniformly met with rude treatment from its inhabitants. I recollect reading the letters of parties that have been driven into the jungles by them, in fear for their lives. But the times have changed; and they treat-nothing can stand before it. But by passed the Christians with me, both Burman and Karen, with much kindness, and listened respectfully to the gospel. At this village, we left the fields again, and entered a small tributary of Kadat river, which falls into the Sitang a few miles above the mouth of the Beling. Af ter descending this stream a few miles,

On approaching the Sitang river, we were informed that the bore had come up, the present spring-tides, with unexampled force, and that several boats had been lost in it the day before. We slept at the little village of Tsoo-palu, which is three miles in a direct line from the river; yet at that distance, the bore, when it came in, roared like the surf on the sea-shore. At the mouth of the river, it is said to come up sometimes a perpendicular wall of water, more than twenty feet high, when

ing in or out at neap tides, and being careful to ground the boat above the height of the bore, before the tide is out, the river may be navigated with perfect safety. We passed into the river at full tide, and went up to Sitang city, a distance of five or six miles, as quietly as we should have sailed on the Salwen. The Sitang river

is here a noble-looking stream, a mile wide, with long reaches, on which several large villages are seen spread along the banks, giving the prospect an appearance of civilization that was not anticipated.

City of Sitang.

at any price; but fish was abundant, and venison and wild park not uncommon. The inhabitants gave no special attention to the gospel; but a few Sgau Karens, who had come to trade from the Pegu side, seemed much interested in the truth. And, were there any one to fol

conversion might be anticipated. They informed me that there were settlements of both Pwos and Sgaus in Pegu, at no great distance from Sitang. Soon after my arrival, the commandant and officers sent me a handsome invitation to dine at their mess, while I staid in town. And, though I thought it best to decline their invitation, I called in the evening on Col. Goldsworthy, the commanding officer, who kindly offered me any assistance in

The city of Sitang, or Setang, as some-low up the word spoken, their speedy times written, (Taling, Khataing, or Sectkaing, Burman, Seetoung,) was founded, according to a Taling history translated into Burmese, before me, in the reign of Wepala, the second king of Pegu, A. D. 1168: but some authorities say, a century later, and others, several centuries earlier. A brick wall was built around. But forty-two years after its foundation, it was taken by the Shans, who destroyed the city, and carried away captive the king and three white elephants. No fur-his power, to forward me in my journey ther notice of the place occurs in any of the native histories that I have been able to obtain ; but in the first English war, it was found well fortified, and a colonel with a major and several men lost their lives in taking it. It is situated on a ledge of laterite, from one to two hundred feet high, running east and west several miles through alluvial plains with an even surface and summit, like some gigantic work of art, and suggested the walls of Babylon. It terminates in a precipice at the river's brink, and on this precipice was the ancient city, where now are located the English cantonments. The position is strong by nature, and is being made still stronger by art; so that it will never be possible for any Burmese force to take it, when properly garrisoned. The present town is very small, consisting of less than one hundred houses, in the angle of a small creek and the later ite ridge, at the foot of the hill on its north side, and on low ground that appears to be overflowed during the rains.description of arms in his house. Thus There is a market pretty well stocked with the productions of the country, and bread can be had from the commissariat. But both rice and bread sell at an advance of fifty per cent. on Maulmain prices, and are much inferior in quality. Neither milk nor fowls could be obtained

and work, and from whom I gathered several items of information. The garrison has, at present, about one hundred and thirty Europeans and three hundred sepoys. Dacoities and thefts seem rife in the neighborhood. The morning we arrived, a man was brought in, dying, who had been shot in a boat the night before, a few miles above the town. And the night we slept in Sitang, a band of ten or a dozen armed men entered a village seven or eight miles below the town, and, in the absence of anything more valuable, carried away six baskets of rice; while the steersman of my boat, the old Burman soldier, who had said in a most patronizing manner that he would take me up safely to Toung-oo and back again, had two loaded muskets stolen from his side while he slept. The villagers are completely at the mercy of the robbers for the government has disarmed the whole population, from Martaban to Toung-00, so that no man is allowed to have any

any thief, dexterous enough to steal a musket from a passing traveller, as all go armed, may with a few followers walk through any village, and take whatever, he pleases.

The distance from Martaban to Sitang by land is about one hundred miles, and

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