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apostles which were in Jerusalem heard of it, they went down and prayed for the disciples, that they might receive the Holy Ghost; then they laid their hands on them and they received the Holy Ghost. Also in other instances it is noticeable that the giving of the Holy Spirit was connected with prayer. But in order to pray in faith for the special influences of the Holy Spirit, as they are manifested in revivals of religion in our own country, it seems necessary seems necessary that native assistants and native churches should have some distinct idea of these manifestations, that they may know what to pray for. The missionaries tried for years to explain the subject of revivals to the native Christians, in the hope that they would be able to understand, and pray for such general outpourings of the Spirit in this heathen land; but it seemed impossible for them to get a distinct and clear idea of these revivals, without witnessing personally something of the kind. At length in some of the Karen churches, it pleased God to give these manifestations of the Holy Spirit, in special revivals; since which, they pray for and obtain these influences; and your committee believe that if the Burman churches could witness the same among themselves, and have their minds understandingly directed to pray for this special blessing, they too would ask and receive.

3. Another condition on which the Holy Spirit bestows his influence for the success of missionary labor, is, that the missionary labor in the work assigned him by Christ, and in the performance of which Christ promised to be with his ambassadors always, even to the end of the world. This work is designated in the commission, Go ye, and preach the gospel. If, then, the missionary engage in other work than that to which he is called, or substitute other plans of evangelization for the one that Christ appointed, it may be that the special influences of the Spirit, promised to the performers of this special work, will be withheld. But if we do the work which

Christ has commanded us to do, and in the way which he has commanded, we may, through the Spirit, rely on the fulfilment of the gracious promise, “Lo! I am with you."

4. Another condition on which the Holy Spirit bestows his special influences is, that we avoid those things that grieve him. He is holy; our bodies are called his temple; this temple must not be defiled. The church, too, is called his temple; the church, then, must be kept pure, by the avoidance of those doctrines and practices which are contrary to the divine will. "Be ye holy, because I am holy," saith the Lord.

Therefore, beloved brethren, let us with true humility purify our hearts and lives from all sin, and apply ourselves to the special work of our high calling, that with boldness of faith we may ask for and obtain the promised Spirit, on whose influence depend all our success and all our comfort in our work of faith and labor of love among the heathen. Why, your committee would ask, may we not expect and pray for, in the prosecution of our work among the heathen in this latter day, an outpouring of the Holy Spirit equal in extent and power to that which was vouchsafed to the ministers of the gospel and to the church in apostolic times? Is not our work the same? Is not our dependence on these divine influences for success the same? Is not the promise of the Father, respecting the giving of the Holy Spirit in the latter day, the same as to the primitive church? From the holy Scriptures, we have good ground to hope that the time for the universal triumph of the gospel is near at hand. Yet without such an all powerful agency as that which made the gospel triumph over Judaism, and paganism in all its forms, even the power of the Holy Ghost sent down from heaven; -without such an agency in these latter days, when will it be said. "The kingdoms of this world are become the kingdoms of our Lord and of his Christ?" At the present ratio of missionary success, how many ages must elapse before “


knee shall bow and every tongue confess that Christ is Lord to the glory of God the Father?" True, the Lord hath done great things for us, whereof we are glad; but greater things than these, we believe, remain to be done, and to be done not many years hence. The residue of the Spirit is with the Lord; and if we can have faith to receive it, he will pour it out in our day like the latter rain. We have seen a beginning among the Karens; we have formerly seen, too, among the Burmans unmistakable indications of their conviction that the gospel, listened to and accompanied by prayer, had a power which it is not in man to resist. Inquirers still halting between two opinions, when advised to pray for the Holy Spirit to give them light, have often said, "No, I dare not pray yet; if I pray, I shall be sure to become a confirmed Christian, as I have observed happens to all who begin to pray. No, I dare not pray until I am more fully settled as to the truth of Christianity, lest I become prematurely converted." We have not, it is true, seen many such indications for some years past; but is there not a cause? Brethren, let us inquire for the old paths, for the tracks of the apostles and apostolic fathers; and let us walk in their steps, nothing doubting but that He who went forth with them to the battle against the power of darkness and caused them always to triumph, will go forth with us also to the same conflict and give us like



LETTER FROM THE FOREIGN SECRETARY. Maulmain as a place of residence. Maulmain, Aug. 11, 1853.— Although I have been so long at Maulmain, detained by duties assigned to the Deputation, I have sent you, aside from matters official, hardly a passing notice of the place, or of one of the many interesting things that belong to it. We are now about to take our departure for Rangoon, and I

am reluctant to do so without adverting first to a few particulars, and giving you some, at least, of my impressions in regard to them.

Maulmain, in its physical aspects and as a place of residence, more than equals the conceptions I had formed of it. Excepting perhaps Serampore, and Garden Reach below Calcutta, I have seen nothing in Asia that can compare with it in beauty of scenery; and they even are mentioned not as rivalling it, but for want of better illustrations. In variety of aspect they are far inferior, as they are also, by repute, in salubrity of climate. With respect to the latter, see no reason why, with a proper adjustment to the peculiarities of a tropical clime and a due observance of the common laws of health, especially if there be added an occasional renovation by resort to a colder region, any person of ordinary physical strength may not attain at Maulmain to a good old age Undoubtedly those laws of health must be obeyed. Transgression here does not escape its penalty not escape its penalty-which follows hard upon it. And the appliances in order to vigorous health must be rigorously prosecuted. One cannot afford to exist merely-ror is it altogether the way of safety. The pulse of life must beat strong.

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This last remark applies to all the East. No man nor woman should come out to India or Burmah, certainly not as a missionary, who does not in his own country for much less can he expect to in this feel coursing through the frame a vigorous tide of health. This is no place for bodily weakness. I do not mean that every one should have like physical strength, but health, perfect in its kind, and likely to continue when under alternate influences of damps and heats or of both combined. So of persons enfeebled in this country by sickness. It is a very lingering and difficult process here, to regain what is once lost. There is no bracing atmosphere,—no “cool of the morning" or of the evening. Eden certainly was not here. There is some

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times a chilling coolness, from which the enervated frame shrinks involuntarily, even at "summer heat;" but no coolness to revive the faint and lift up the bowed down.

Mortality among missionaries - Its


I may be dwelling too long on this subject of climate, yet must say a word or two more. In all my protracted connection with the missions, scarcely any one thing has drank more deeply into my whole being than the premature decline and multiplied deaths of missionaries. Maulmain is not an exception. aries. Maulmain is not an exception. How many are the graves in this cemetery set apart for the mission!-and others have made their bed in the deep


Who has done all this? What are the causes of this distressing mortality? In the light of known history of the dead, and of what I have seen and heard of and from the living since my coming to India, it is my conviction, painful but consolatory, that mortality so extreme is not an appointed nor necessary condition of missionary labor. Some have died early who ought never to have come to this field; some in consequence of imprudent exposure; some from excess of labor; some through neglect, till too late, of means known to be indispensable to recovery. There may have been yet another, though less obvious, occasion. It is, to say the least, my own reluctant apprehension, that in some instances this premature ill health and decline has been precipitated by the injudicious construction of mission dwellings. The style of building in this country, I speak of missionaries' houses, has been modelled too much, I fear, on what might be characterized as a short-sighted economy. Not that health has been designedly held second to money; but such has been the practical working. I do not believe in bamboo houses in the midst of these rains, nor yet in board houses with open work above all the partitions, outer and inward; nor in the repudiation of glass windows; nor, in lack of these, in the rejection of venitian blinds. I would

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like at least one room that I could shut up, myself in it with daylight, and the rains and wind out. These rains and wind are no mere "circumstance." A

September gale" is a lullaby to them, and even a March east wind little less than a veritable luxury.

The mission houses in Maulmain, both Burmese and Karen, I am happy to say, with the exception of one or two of the points just alluded to, are good substantial buildings of teak, ample and commodious, I am now writing was formerly occuand sufficiently plain. The one in which pied by Mr. Binney, now by Dr. Wade, and is more after my mind, in all its essential features, than any other I have sojourned in, and on the whole probably as inexpensive. With slight modifications to meet one's peculiarities, I would not desire a more comfortable dwelling; nor would I designedly give one less comfortable to a Christian brother.

Situation, prospects and population of the town.

Maulmain was selected for the site of the capital of Tenasserim, as you are aware, on the occupation of the Tenasserim provinces by the Hon. E. I. Company at the close of the Burmese war of 1824-6. At first it was merely a rendezvous for the military and a rival to Amherst, till at length, in 1827, its claims were formally recognized. Among its superior advantages were its commanding military position, lying opposite to Martaban, its facilities for inland communication, at the confluence of the Salwen, Gyne and Attaran, its convenient and safe road for shipping, sheltered, yet not remote from the sea, and its healthful and not therefore the less beautiful inequalities of lowland and hill. An obstruction to its prosperity, it was thought, would be its supposed difficulty of approach for ships not exceeding even 300 tons. Now ships of 1000 tons are built here.

For ships of this tonnage, however, the navigation of the river is difficult, and they choose their anchorage ground ordinarily a few miles below. The distance from the sea is about twentyeight miles; which is traversed by steam

ers, and sometimes by sailing craft, with wind and tide favoring, in two or three hours. Good service is occasionally rendered by steam tugs-steamers of the E. I. C.- but this is not always at command; and large ships, in crossing the bar, wait for spring tides. Will Maulmain continue to thrive, now that Rangoon is in possession? I see no good reason to doubt it. It cannot rival Rangoon; but it | can have a standing and trade of its own not the less because Martaban is added to its jurisdiction.

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The population of Maulmain, by the last census (1852), is a little less than 40,000, half the population of the province, exclusive of Martaban. 10,000 are natives of India, 1500 Chinese, and 25,000 Peguans and Burmans. Very many of the Peguans speak Burmese, yet preferring their mother tongue. About 1000 are Europeans, and there are Shyans, Toungthoos and Malays. The town stretches up and down the river seven or eight miles, from Mopoon on the south to Obo and Daingwoonquin on the northeast. The mission premises (Burman) are in one of the central districts or wards, (Mayangong) and when originally selected were also in the midst of the native population, numbering at the time from 1000 to 1500. Immigrants from India and China as well as Burmah have crowded in, partly displacing the native Burmans, who maintain more exclusive possession of the crossings and outskirts of the city. Peguans and Burmans have not yet learned to compete with Jews, Mohammedans and Chinamen. Still, many remain at their old homesteads, especially the native Christians near the Burmese chapel. The city is well ordered and quiet, at least as it respects the resident population. Brawls are from abroad. Subject to police regulations, person and property are as secure as in other well regulated communities. Heathenism is indeed conspicuous, in its pagodas and priests, worship days and festival occasions; and the Christian Sabbath and the Lord of the Sabbath are unknown save by few.

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But to make these known and to abolish heathenism the missionaries came.

The Mission grounds.

At one


I should have had little difficulty in making my way to the mission grounds on landing at the "jetty," even if Mr. Bennett, who was in company, had not pointed them out. Not only are they central, but very extensive. period, soon after the withdrawal of missionaries from Burmah Proper, chapel compound was too strait for them; especially in connection with the Karen department, which had already begun to take separate form and dimension. An opportunity had been improved to obtain additional grounds at small cost and partly by gift; and subsequently, in order to unite the two plats and enlarge and protect the first, the spacious and very beautiful intervening compound was purchased, embracing the summit level. The whole constitutes a very large area, divided by broad rectangular streets into five or six compounds, each of ample dimensions and abundantly ca pacious for all desirable ends. It may be very naturally questioned, indeed, whether the missionaries, in lengthening the cords of their crowded tent, did not spread beyond their need. Doubtless benefits have been realized. In the new partition of grounds consequent on the last purchase, the chapel compound was advantageously enlarged, and in a supposed possible contingency there might perhaps be better provision for securing some of the mission buildings from fire. There may be eventually some pecuniary gain; and missionaries, while excluded from Burmah Proper, have had a place of retreat. Still, this is not the "much land to be possessed." It is an incumbrance. It takes time and thought to superintend. It tends to secularize. Now that Burmah is open and the Karen Mission has its own compounds, it is not needed for mission purposes. And the mission will undoubtedly take the first favorable opportunity to reduce its limits. The position will continue to be an eligible one, both for convenience and health

fulness, and a perpetual gathering-place | his virtues, and for his work's sake, and

of very many and precious associations.

I entered the chapel compound at its lower gate, from the main or river street. On my right lay the now vacant grounds where Dr. Judson once dwelt, these trees were of his planting; and ascending a few steps, this is the Burmese chapel where he preached every Sabbath, and at its further (eastern) extremity, the inner chamber, his daily oratory, where he plied his earnest task till with the last leaf of the bible translated he knelt there before God. On the left of the entrance is the baptistery, where many a converted heathen has confessed Christ in baptism, and higher up, opposite the chapel, is the printing office; still ascending, is the house of the printer, and across and beyond, on the summit of that broad area, embosomed in forest and fruit trees, is the central house of the mission, then occupied by Dr. Wade. Here, then, was Maulmain and the Burman Mission. It is now five months since that day. I cannot bring myself to attempt to describe thoughts and memories and feelings that rushed upon me. But that day was a recompense for my coming to Burmah, and the remembrance of it, and of all that was linked with it, will be cherished by me as a heritage forever.

Dr. Judson.


Coming to this city, the scene of the largest portion of Dr. Judson's missionary life and labors, it has been with me a matter of not altogether vain inquiry, What was his character as exhibited and seen here? What was his manner of life among this people, and what is the savor of his memory with them, who saw him daily going in and out before them for more than twenty years? My best expectations have been fully verified. I was never a blind admirer of Dr. Judson. I bore no part, I had no sympathy, with any of those well-meant but excessive manifestations of homage bordering on idolatry, which, I had occasion to know, were as unwelcome to him as they were unseemly. But I loved and honored him for

because God had chosen him as one whom He delighted to honor. And I could not but hope that in coming here I should find confirmation of what I believed, and perhaps a solution of some things but in part understood. And so it has been. Dr. Judson was known and read of all men here, as the able, the faithful, the indefatigable Christian missionary. Imperfections he confessedly had, for he had "not attained." But he was pressing forward; and grace reigned. I will not go into details; but as the result of all, my heart and mind have settled into a conviction of his preeminent worth, alike sober, assured and welcome. Not only as a scholar, a preacher, a translator of the Scriptures, in a word as a missionary competent and faithful, was he entitled to the position which he held in the public eye and before the missionary world, but what to me is more grateful still, as a man and a Christian he had found favor with the Lord, and God was with him. He walked with God. He was a heavenly-minded and ripe and glad Christian; and “ God took him."

The Burmese church.

The Burmese church, that worships in this chapel, contains 133 members. As a body they are said to adorn their profession, though some have turned out of the way. I am told by some who have means to know, that the church will compare well with our American churches. They have lately chosen a native pastor, with the purpose of defraying by themselves, port.

if practicable, his entire supThey have long since made adequate provision for their own poor, and for the ordinary expenses of public worship, and have also supported a native evangelist. The object now in view is every way one of great interest, and if well accomplished, as we have reason to hope it will be, will both set a right example to other churches that are or may be gathered, and place at liberty missionaries and mission funds to send the gospel to the yet unevangelized. To this church

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