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'The readers of the Magazine will be gratified to receive, with this number, a pictured memorial of this eminent servant of God. His name is familiar to them, as it was to their fathers. They venerate his memory, and are not offended by the multiplied testimonials to his excellence. They understand that his character will bear uncommon scrutiny, and his worth become the more apparent by close and minute inspection. He was one of the greater lights of his time, and has passed below our horizon with the regrets and benedictions of thousands. "The righteous shall be in everlasting remembrance."

The numerous proofs which have been furnished by the press of the estimation in which Dr. Sharp was deservedly held, do not supersede the fitness of a commemorative notice in this publication. For many years, before the Magazine became the property of our principal foreign missionary organization, he was one of its editors, and, with such men as Baldwin, Winchell, Wayland, and Ensign Lincoln, devoted to its pages much time and care; and, during the whole period of his residence in New England, he showed himself the earnest and consistent friend and supporter of evangelical missions. For these reasons, especially, it is suitable that this work should contain a record of his life and labors, at least so far as they were identified with the missionary enterprise.

Dr. Sharp was publicly recognized as the pastor of the church in Charles street, Boston, April 29, 1812. Almost immediately, he became associated with the few men of honored memory who were zealously engaged in works of benevolence. His heart was deeply impregnated by the grace of God with love for his fellow men; and his theology, instead of repressing that love, was its stimulant, and, instead of restricting his activities, afforded the broadest range


to all generous tendencies. His views of man's condition, and of the means for its improvement, were eminently scriptural, and he recognized, in its full extent, the obligation of Christians to use the means divinely appointed for human welfare. At an early period after his settlement in Boston, he became an active member of the Massachusetts Baptist Missionary Society, whose object was the evangelization of destitute portions of our own country. In May, 1813, he was elected the Secretary, and he filled that office until May, 1829, writing sixteen annual reports, and conducting the large correspondence. In 1813, the Baptist Society for propagating the Gospel in India and other foreign parts, was formed in Boston, occasioned by intelligence from Calcutta that Messrs. Judson and Rice had become Baptists, and were desirous of commencing an American Baptist Mission in the east. Of this Society also he was appointed the Secretary, and continued to perform the duties, until a more general organization rendered its existence unnecessary. He corresponded with the Rev. Andrew Fuller, of England, with respect to coöperation with English Baptists, and received an answer that led immediately to measures for independent action.

A meeting was held in Philadelphia, April, 1814, and the General Missionary Convention of the Baptist denomination in the United States of America for Foreign Missions, was organized. Owing to providential hindrances, Dr. Sharp was not present at that meeting, but he entered cordially into the plans of the new organization, and gave to its operations his earnest support. At the triennial meeting, in 1817, and, subsequently, at every triennal session, he was elected a member of the Board of Managers, until the Convention, in 1846, changed its name and constitution, and became the Baptist Missionary Union. He then, in consequence of advancing years and the pressure of parochial cares, declined every appointment that would involve labor and responsibility; and, as a mark of special respect, he was elected President of the Union. He had been several times a Vice President of the General Convention, and, after the death of Dr. Staughton, his venerable tutor, he was appointed President of the Board of Managers, which office he held until 1846. From the time of the removal of the seat of operations from Washington to Boston, in 1826, he presided over the Acting Board, in all a period of twenty years. At its meetings, which were frequent, he was generally present, and no man was more punctual in attendance, or applied himself more assiduously to the business of the Board. Of those who were long his associates in this department of labor, only two are now members of the Executive Committee. Several, as Bolles, Jacobs, Farwell, Knowles, Cobb, Williams, preceded him to their final rest. Those who survive can testify to the uniform urbanity and fidelity with which be presided, and the profound interest which he exhibited in every thing that concerned the advancement of the Gospel among the heathen. He took broad views of every question of policy, and was ever anxious that the enterprise should be so conducted as to lay strongly the basis of a Christian civilization. His principles are well expressed in a sermon which he preached, by appointment, before the General Convention, in April, 1829, at Philadelphia. In this, from the words, Matt. 28: 19—"Go ye, therefore, and teach all nations," - he makes the command of Christ the foundation of all authority for Christian Missions; and shows that the Gospel is adapted to the necessities of all nations; and teaches that, so far as we know, the truths of Christianity are the only means by which the heathen can be saved; and argues that our confidence in the efficacy and

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excellency of the Gospel, as adapted to elevate the moral condition of the heathen, does not rest on theoretical views alone, but also on the success of Christian missionaries. These ideas are vigorously developed, and enforced by appropriate practical lessons.

His theory of Missions was extremely simple. He gave prominence, as did all his associates, to the preaching of the gospel as the chief instrumentality; but he insisted that in the train of evangelical labor should follow the means and appliances of a liberal civilization. He contemplated, as a primary result, the salvation of souls; as a secondary, the improvement of the physical, intellectual and social condition of man. In aiming at the former, he would not have us disregard the latter. He considered the higher as intimately associated with the lower, and that, as God has joined them together, we are not at liberty to put them asunder. He believed that godliness is profitable unto all things, the temporal as well as the eternal, and that consequently the true object of Christian Missions is comprehensive, covering the whole area of humanity, and endeavoring to restore our world to its original loveliness.

In the examination of candidates for missionary service, Dr. Sharp, while very kind, was very candid and thorough. His ideal of the needed qualifications was large, ever including, as indispensable, a liberal supply of common sense and prudence. He insisted,, equally with others, upon deep piety and fervent zeal; and his standard of intellectual attainment was as high as the highest; but he was averse to the appointment of any man to such a service, whose temperament and cast of mind and general manners did not promise to secure the respect of those who should send him, and of those to whom he should be sent. He sought for humility united with dignity, gentleness with courage, flexibility with firmness, intelligence with docility, tenderness with fidelity, energy with discretion, independence with submission to necessary rules. Never was he in favor of sending one to the heathen whose recommendations were guardedly expressed, or who, in the judgment of those that knew him best, might not be a respected and useful laborer in any part of his own country. If the candidate did not show a well-balanced mind; if at any point he appeared unsound in his views of gospel truth or church building; if he developed eccentricities; if he was self-confident, or seemed in any respect to be crooked or gnarled in character, he was sure not to have the suffrage of Dr. Sharp. And if, after the utmost care, it became subsequently apparent that a mištake had heen made in any appointment, he deplored it as a great misfortune. Ordinarily, he was lenient in his judgments; and, if ever severe, it was in cases of unclerical delinquency. His views of the importance of ministerial purity and propriety were so elevated as to render him impatient of deficiencies which others would tolerate. He wished the heathen, especially, to see the best specimens of Christian character, and be instructed by a ministry whose temper and conduct should commend the Gospel to their confidence. He did not look for perfection; but as he conscientiously held himself, so he stringently held others, responsible for unwavering adherence to principle, and undeviating rectitude of behavior.

The influence of Dr. Sharp in our missionary councils leaned to the conservative side, and, therefore, if not adventurous enough to suit all, it was uniformly safe. Calmly and deliberately he weighed every question, and if he was not so rapid as others in reaching a conclusion, he seldom formed an opinion for

which he could not give strong reasons, and which did not, sooner or later, commend itself as judicious. He was not fond of new experiments or bold measures ; he would not act for the sake of acting, irrespective of rational prospects of success; but he was never slow in following the plain indications of Divine Providence. That a new field was open to Christian enterprise, was not to him a sufficient reason for the establishment of a new mission; but if the Board, without injustice to other missions, had the men and the means to enter that field, with the promise of useful and permanent occupancy, his voice was ever for action. He recognized, in its legitimate extent, the necessity of walking by faith; but he did not hold that a missionary organization, any more than an individual, is authorized, on the plea of faith in God, to enlarge its operations or incur liabilities at the hazard of credit. Of reckless trust he was no advocate. “Do right, and then confide in God," was ever his counsel in private and in public.

Those who stand intermediate between the past and the coming generations, as they consider what changes a few years have made among the home actors in our missionary enterprise, have occasion for solemn reflection. Of the thirty-six who were members of the first Convention, nearly the last has gone to his eternal reward. Of those who, for many years, performed the labor, and bore the responsibility of the undertaking, only a remnant remains. The work has descended to other hands; the burden rests on other hearts. May the sons equal the fathers in piety and wisdom, and build well the edifice whose foundations were laid in tears, and faith, and prayer.

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From Maulmain to Rangoon - Mrs.
Judson's grave.

known, but sometimes perplexing, especially as there is no lighthouse nor floating light. At White Pagoda Point, it is said, was effected the first landing of the followers of Boodh from Ceylon; and Rangoon, Sept. 3, 1853. We left the pagoda was built in commemoration Maulmain by the H. C.'s steamer Tenas- of the event. It is one of the first obserim, Aug. 20, at one, P. M. On cross-jects that strikes the eye on nearing Buring "the flats," about five miles from the mouth of the Salwen, we passed to its eastward side, rounding along and by Amherst beach. A dangerous shoal (Goodwin Sands) stretches on the west-ing top and abundant foliage, so that in ern side, from the southern extremity of Balu Island, to within two miles of the Amherst reefs, —— a series of sunken rocks which extend a considerable distance westward from Amherst Point, or White Pagoda Point, and make the entrance of the river not difficult if the bearings are

mab. As we were passing Amherst, we saw for the last time the tall hopia tree that marks Mrs. Judson's grave. It is now a majestic tree, with a broad branch

the morning it casts its ample shade on the humble enclosure, which at the distance we held was but dimly discernible. We had visited the spot on our first coming. It is not neglected, but there might be to the visitor less perishable signs of its continual remembrance. And where

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