Imágenes de páginas

the spot more fitting for a cenotaph to | meaning here, missionary preaching. • Dr. Judson? While at Maulmain various causes preEarly the next morning we were mak-vented this. I heard of Mr. Haswell ing up toward the broad estuary of Ran-going out continually into the streets and goon river. Dark muddy waters were lanes of the city, and of the fifties and sweeping by. The floating light was hundreds that would gather around him soon passed. Elephant point, conspicu- as he lifted up his voice and told them ous by its two stately palms, on the west of Jesus and the resurrection. And I line of the river, was close in sight. For- knew of Mr. Stevens and of the native ward and eastward a wide expanse of assistants sitting hour by hour in the sea, but treacherous with quicksands, on zayat, disputing and persuading the things which, a few miles distant, the Moruffer concerning the kingdom of God with the steamer lately stranded and disappeared. people who daily resorted thither. Byt Our ascent to the city against the cur- I was seldom or never able to accompany rent was slow. At Hastings Sands, a them. Here at Rangoon the zayats are short distance below the city, we waited near by or at the missionaries' dwellings; for rise of tide. To the eastward may and while I sit at my table I hear the be seen the Syrian pagoda. Near at continual hum of voices. The verandah hand comes in the Pegu river; and above is sometimes almost crowded with lisit the city, distinguishable by its numer- teners. I go out and sit down among ous spires and crowned with the Shway them, and though I can understand but Dagong pagoda. here and there a word, I can read a language which in all ages and among all people speaks the same things. There can be no misconception here. These men are having strange things now brought to their ears. And to some they have been glad tidings. I have often been in "revivals" at home. There is no revival here. Nor are these intent listeners agonized with distress for sin, nor anxiously inquiring, What shall we do to be saved? Still, they are men intent, men in earnest, men who seek to

We received from the missionaries a hearty welcome. In the evening at tended public worship at Mr. Kincaid's, conducted by Mr. Granger. From twenty to thirty present. The English community is not yet very numerous at Rangoon, aside from those connected with the civil or military service; and these have an establishment of their own.

Missionary preaching. Since our arrival at Rangoon, nearly a fortnight ago, my time has been mostly occupied in matters pertaining to the ser-know, candid men, men who can undervice of the Deputation and preliminary to Mr. Granger's return from Prome. He left for that city by steamer the day but one after our landing here, accompanied by Mr. Kincaid, expecting to be absent about fourteen days. It was a very favorable opportunity to make the ascent; but the time is long and our stay here limited, and it seemed indispensable that we make the best disposition of our strength practicable. I cannot regret my detention. It has given me an opportunity to see many things close at hand and deliberately, of which I might otherwise have been able to catch but a hasty glance.

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stand and are not reluctant to receive. They come and go, and come again, and continue to come. And some believe. The missionaries discourse continually. They relieve each other (Mr. Ingalls, and Mr. Stevens who came round from Maulmain in company), and when they are weary, native assistants take up the word. And still they come. And this is a shadow of things greater than these. I cannot doubt that God has "much people in this city," and the gospel must be preached to them. But what are two missionaries among so many?

Light spreading - Fruit from seed long


These visitors come from all directions.

daily routine of missionary labor;-.' Some belong to the city, some are from

Pazoondoung adjoining, some are from | course vain to conjecture. But would it

be altogether inexplicable if there should prove to be among the Burmans, as among the Karens, a highway already

Kemmendine on the north; others are from Syriam and Pegu, and others still from greater distances, as Donabew and Henthaday, Prome, Shwaydoung, Mea-cast up, and the way of the people pre


Ko Thah A.

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day, and even from Ava. To-day four merchants from Bassein district were on the verandah for hours together, pressing I have adverted to Ko Thah A. He their inquiries. They had often attended is the pastor of the Rangoon church, and Karen meetings at their chapels. They partly conducted the examination just did not understand Karen, but the alluded to. He is a venerable old man Karens who preached in Karen conversed of eighty. I have met him repeatedly, with them in Burmese. Thus they ob- and always I have been constrained altained some light. But they wanted more most involuntarily to rise up before him, light. Coming to Rangoon for merchan- so apostolic is his bearing, and with undise, they had heard of the foreigners in affected sincerity to do him reverence. the " foreigners' street," and they had He is a good man, full of faith and of the come for light. They wanted the foreign- Holy Ghost. He is too advanced in years ers' books. Thus light is spreading. to lead public worship, but he can counAnd the Karens, as has often been pre-sel; and he knows both how to live a dicted, are holding up the light of life to holy example, and how to pray. At the their late Burman oppressors.

late ordination of two Karen pastors, he Some interesting facts, too, are coming offered the ordaining prayer, and it is daily to notice, showing that seed sown not difficult to call up the impressiveness in past years has not all perished. A of the occasion, as he laid his hands upon day or two since, I had the pleasure of them and commended them to the one examining for baptism a professed be- God, the Father, the Son, and the Holy liever in Christ, who for twenty years Ghost. He told me at our first interhas been a worshipper of the eternal view, (the day after our arrival,) that he God. He is a native physician, more had been a preacher of Jesus Christ than fifty years of age, Ko Byu by name, more than thirty years. (Dr. Judson and of late a resident of this city. About baptized him under the title of Moung twenty years ago he received two volumes Thah A in 1822.) During all this period of the bible, and had been searching he had resided in Rangoon. "The them, and had believed. I asked him teachers have come and gone; I have why he had not avowed his faith before. always remained here. When the He replied that he had lived away from teachers left Rangoon the rulers seized Rangoon in the Dalla district, had never me; they commanded me not to preach. known till quite lately Ko Thah A, nor They said, 'Do you intend to preach any other who professed this religion. Jesus Christ?' I said to the rulers, Yet he had in some measure made known 'I shall preach; Jesus Christ is the his religion to others, but they reviled. true God."" He did preach, and was cast He now was decided, and he wished to into prison and fined one hundred be baptized. His examination, which rupees. Twice he was placed in the was extended and close, was eminently stocks, once with his head downward. satisfactory. To-day a Mussulman was But his faith had not failed. He has on the verandah, who reminds Mr. In- baptized at Rangoon more than 200 galls of his labors here seventeen years believers, including about eighty Karens. ago. All the while the truth has main-Ko Thah A, though making many rich, tained its lodgment, and the poor devotee is exceeding poor. His former dwelling of the false prophet is evidently ill at ease. How numerous may be the instances of the same character, it is of

was destroyed during the late war. His present residence is scarcely a coop to creep under. He says, "It is enough for

me; the teachers have given me a sup- |ning," and that "the religion of Christ port. I do not ask more for myself. The will now break forth as light." Before love of money is the root of all evil.” | men were compelled to preach and bap(This he repeated with emphatic earn-tize secretly. Yet those who were estness.) "But I have been pastor of baptized have been faithful; and when the church. Inquirers come to see me scattered by persecution, they have gone I have no house to receive them to. I preaching the word. From some of them have not enough to give them food." I he has heard, from toward the sea; others need not say provision will be made have gone to Shwaygyeen, and Toungoo for him. A zayat will be fitted up, with and Ava. The design of Ko Thah A in a room annexed, and inquirers may con- calling the second time appears to have tinue to come and sit at his feet. been to invite me, in western phrase, to supply his pulpit" the next Sabbath

Rapid increase of the church.

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The accessions to the Rangoon Bur-morning and address the church, which I mese church since the reopening of was very happy to do. The morning Burmah last year, have been more than was wet and lowering, and not more than thirty; unprecedented, I believe, in any thirty members were present, besides one former year among Burmans. The some at the door and windows. But I frequency of the baptisms, and the early, discoursed to them with great satisfacI do not say premature, administration tion, as to elect brethren, from 1 Peter i, of the rite, have naturally raised an in- 3, 4, Mr. Stevens interpreting, and Ko quiry as to the wisdom of the procedure Thah A leading in prayer. as the same causes have also suggested it Examination of a candidate for Bapin regard to Karens. The inquiry is a proper one; and withholding baptism does not preclude salvation. Without attempting to answer the inquiry from the few data in my possession, and solicitous that in all our missions there be the utmost precaution against hasty and unwarrantable admissions, I have as yet been unable to discover any reason here why the same confidence in the genuine-been held on the previous evening. Her ness of professed conversions may not be felt in regard to Burmans as towards our own countrymen. I mean that there seem to be no peculiarities of condition or character that should justly give rise to a singular distrust. There is sufficient intelligence to comprehend what is inculcated, and manliness enough to be honest, whether to accept or refuse.

Public worship.

About a week since, Ko Thah A made me his second call. He had waived my proposed visit to him, as he could not receive me.* He reports many inquirers. "Much inquiry," he says, "is in all Rangoon." He thinks it " a new begin

* I have since been to his door and would have bent under his roof; but it would have pained the good man, and we turned away.

It had been a part of the intended services of this day to administer the ordinance of baptism, but the storm, and consequent absence of some who would wish to be present, induced a postponement of the rite to the Sabbath following. An examination of the candidate (two others have since been presented) had

name is Mah O. She is the wife of a head man of one of the city districts who was lately baptized, and connected by birth with relatives distinguished for rank and of proud pretensions. Among the questions and answers proposed and returned were the following, Mrs. Ingalls interpreting.

Question. What are your feelings in regard to the Lord Jesus Christ?

Answer. He seems to me as my Father and Saviour.

Qu. Why does he seem to you as a Saviour?

Ans. He came and died for me, and will forgive my sins.

Qu. How is your heart towards Jesus Christ? What do you wish to do for him?

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Qu. What makes you think he will and for some months given gratifying forgive your sins ? evidence of faith in Christ.

Ans. I have love in my heart. I love everybody. I wish all to love Jesus Christ.

Qu. How do you look upon your sins? Ans. All my life has been full of sin. I wish to sin no more. I am very sorry. Qu. What reason bave you to hope that you will not go back to your sins? Ans. Jesus Christ will help me. I pray to him.

Qu. How does Christ appear to you when you pray to him— close by, or far


Ans. He seems close by, in my heart. Qu. How do you feel towards your countrywomen? .

Shway Dagong pagoda. On Monday of this week I rode out of the city, in company with the missionaries and the city magistrate, to look at various sites proposed for burial grounds. The site must be at least 500 yards from the west face of the stockade which encloses the Shway Dagōng pagoda. In returning, we went up to the pagoda by its western ascent.* The approach, or ascent, is alternately by short flights of brick steps and planes not very steeply inclined, the whole arched over by successive teak roofs, which are storied like so many terraces and supported by four parallel rows of immense teak pillars.

Ans. I wish them to become Chris- Each pillar is a round polished trunk of tians. I speak to them.

a single teak tree, covered with a black composition designed for their preservation, and though erected some two hundred years ago, give little sign of decay. On either side, as we ascended, we passed two broad terraces now occupied by troops and military armaments and stores, before reaching the summit area on which the pagoda stands. This is a magnificent structure and imposing, though the gilding, except the upper portion, is embrowned by time and storm. Tharrawadi gilded it anew in his late visit here, 1840-1, and the tie or Qu. What do you hope for when you umbrella, and parts adjoining are still

Qu. What do you say to them? Ans. I consider first in my heart what to say; then I tell them of the incomparable, the eternal God. These pagodas are made of brick and mortar ; and the foreigners come and tear them down and pave the roads with them. I tell them of Jesus Christ, who came and died for us. I have persuaded some to come, two to this place (Mr. Ingalls' house) and three to Mr. Kincaid's; and there are three or four more thinking to



Ans. Jesus Christ will take care of me; he will be with me. I hope to go

where he is.

Qu. Why do you wish to be baptized? Ans. Because I believe in Jesus Christ and wish to be his disciple. Formerly I was ashamed when they reviled me and said that I had been to Jesus Christ's [the missionary's] house. Now I rejoice when they revile me. It makes me happy to be reviled.

This examination was wholly an informal one. Mah O had previously been approved by the church and was to have been baptized with her husband,

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found one of the clappers of these diminutive bells. It was a thin, plate of silver in the shape of a heart, with rubies set on its surface like a cross, weighing about five rupees and as large as a man's hand, a specimen, no doubt, of the whole multitude of these silver-toned tongues. They are freewill offerings of merit by individuals; some, it is said, are of pure gold.

We passed around the huge pile. On every hand deserted idol houses, not a priest, not a god* to be seen. Altars are there, and worshippers continue to lay their offerings upon them. But their pomp is brought low.

The great bells-Wide prospect.

Turning to the left of the pagoda, we come upon the far-famed "old bell," weighing, as inscribed on the bell in Burmese, 25,555 viss. (A viss is 3.65 pounds.) Twelve men can comfortably stand together inside the bell. I went under it; (it is raised by a frame about three feet from the ground;) and on standing erect there must have been as Struck with many feet space above me.


a fragment of a large Gaudama, it out a heavy but clear sound. Much silver was fused into it in its casting. A large silver bar not fully transfused is now to be seen in its broken rim, enclosed in the molten mass. "Tharrawadi's bell," cast on the occasion of his visit, and now suspended on another side of the pagoda, is still more large and costly. Its outer rim must be eight feet in diameter, and the rim itself is twelve inches thick at the edge. Its tone is sweeter than that of the "old bell." Its reputed cost was £10,000. It is supported by a cross-piece resting on two massive teak pillars, all gilded, and is protected by a canopy or roof supported by four corresponding pillars, alike gilded, the whole having an aspect of regal magnificence. Close by is the royal flagstaff, also gilded, the whole a fitting appendage to the Shway Dagong.

* On a subsequent visit I saw five or six in tolerable preservation, in a vestibule occupied by an attaché of the garrison.

The terrace on which the pagoda stands is about 200 feet above the level of the Rangoon river; and the height of the tie from the terrace, 336 feet. Length of the terrace, 900 feet; breadth, 685 feet. The view from the amphitheatre in every direction was bounded only by the low horizon. Southeastwardly was the Syrian pagoda, the Pegu river lying between, and nearer still the town of Pazoondoung and its winding creek. On the south and west lay Rangoon, and the Rangoon river, and Dalla and its district beyond. Close at hand are numerous ruined pagodas and kyoungs, and among them, on the east, the pagoda built by the late Rangoon governor, whose exactions in its erection brought on the war. It is now in ruins. Two or three hundred pagodas, it is said, have been destroyed. The idol houses in which the gods were deposited, havė been demolished or turned into barracks. The gods have fallen or fled.

A baptismal scene.

Sept. 5.-Yesterday was fraught with honor and gratification such as I had never thought to have vouchsafed to me in this dark land; the privilege of burying with Christ in baptism three converts from heathenism, for whom Christ died; Ko Byu, the Taling physician, and two Burmese women, Mah O and Mah Pông. I cannot 'question the genMah uineness of their conversion. Pông's examination was no less satisfactory than the others'. And who should forbid water, that they should not be baptized? Seldom has the rite been administered to more thankful recipients, or with hearts apparently more humble, or revealing a deeper joy. As we stood at the water's edge, and Ko Thah A was lifting up his yet sonorous voice in prayer, I could not but mark the reverent posture of the Taling, with his hands upraised to his bending brow, shekoing not to an idol of wood or stone, the work

of men's hands, but to the Eternal God, "who made heaven and earth, the sea and the fountains of waters." The great Shway Dagong pagoda was full in

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