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iv

Index.

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PAGE.

PAGE.
Chaplain in India, usefulness of,... 98 Heilbronn, 85; German Sabbath, 85;
Cherokees, mission to, 4,.92, 120, 201, Elberfeld, 86, 146; Vollmarstein, 118:

327; report, 201; annual report, 327; secession of pastor Ringsdorff, 118;
good tidings. 92; baptisms,..

120 farewell sermon, 119; Hesse, 60 ; bap-
China, (see Ningpo), insurrection in, isms at, 390; light in, 120; Temp-

56, 446; proclamation of the preten- lin, 146; Ribbeck, F., recession of,
der, 66; origin and character of the 147, — baptism, 86, - autobiography,
movement, 67; aspects of the insur- 473, tracts on baptism, 147; per-
rection, 58; consequences, 58; reli- secution in Schaumburg-Lippe, 384 ;
gious principles of the revolutionists, Mr. Bolzmann in prison, 384; visita-
118; Chinese servants, 142; cruelties tion of outstations, 422; petitions to
of civil war, 354 ; favorable views of government, 423; Oldenburg, 425;
the insurgents, 354; – gospel among Othfreesen, 425 ; Voigtsdorf,

426
the, 444; can opium smokers be re- Goddard, J., letters of, 117, 446, 484;
claimed, 444 ; Judas Iscariot, 445; tract-catechism, 117, 446; public ef-
neglected native school,....... 484 forts, 117; state of the translation,

missions in, (see Hongkong and 117; prayer for China, 118; need of
Ningpo,) 3, 56, 117, 141, 354, 444 ; re- more preachers, 118; a question for
porton, 199; annual report, 298; Christians, 118; trip up the river,
proper term for God, 354; for bap- 484; incidents of preaching, .

484
tism, 354; class of probationers, 445; Goodman, J. S., journal of, 447, 465;

Ningpo as a missionary field,.. 446 visit to Little Bassa, 447; first Sab-
Convention of Missionaries at Maul- bath at, 447; discomforts of travel,

main, 4; reports of, on the appropri- 447 ; life in the forest, 449; discour-
alion of money to be applied at the aging labors,

450
discretion of a missionary, 5; - theo- Gospel preached, the power of, denied in
logical training of native preachers, practice,

46
6; - expediency of triennial confer- Granger, J. N., letters of, 25. 42, 65, 97.
ences, 15; - the missionary's depend. Greece, mission to, 4, 29, 86, 149; re-
ence on the Holy Spirit, 115 ;- ben.

port, 200; annual report, 321; new
efits of,....

111 chapel at Athens, 86; visit to Corfu,
Crocker, Mrs. M. B., death of, 95; obit- 87; official insolence, 87; Zante, 87;
uary,......

150 inquirers, 87, 88; Smyrna, 89; reli-

gious aspects of, 89; free discussion,
Dacoits, an ancient Burman institution, 27
Danforth, Mrs., letter from, 113; revi.

89; plea for religious liberty, 89;

popular excitements, 91; visit to
val in the girls' boarding school, 113;
opposition suffered by a convert, 113;

Corinth, 416; epistle to the Corinth-

ians on its native soil, 416; testimo-
precious leaf of a tract, 115; another

ny to our books, 417; Cenchrea, 419;
convert,

115
Dawson, J., letters from, 136, 173, 441 ;

honor to Washington, 420; confes-
sion,.....

421
baptisin of a Boodhist priest, 174 ;
narrative of, 174; the blind preacher, Haese, A. F. W., journal of,

425
175; death of Ko Soon-Shay, 175; Harris, Mrs. 0. Č. w., obituary of, 152
electric telegraph in Burman, 176; Haswell, J., letter from, 139; baptisms,
visit to Thenyeen,..

442 139; Stephen Gano, 139; a hard field,
Deputation to missions, 28; work of, 227, 240 140 ; journal of, 401, 480; preaching
Doerksen, J., journal of, 182; an infant at Zatabia, 401; light and darkness,

preacher, 182 ; neglecting a profes- 402; numerous visitors, 413; visit to
sion, 182; preaching on shipboard, Damatha, 404; idols, 404; tour to
184; sentence of court, 184; a phari- Shwaygyeen, 480 ; Burman Home
see, 185; baptismal scene,

Missionary, 483 ; sowing andf ruit,.... 483
preaching in Russia, 185; persecu- Health, practical suggestion on, .

77
tion, 186, 189; false and true religion, 186 Henthada, its situation, 44; importance
Donabew, an important missionary field, of, 44; square pagoda at,
43; spirit of inquiry in,..
407 Heydenburg, Mr., letter of,..

456
Donations, 30, 63, 95, 126, 153, 191, 365, Hibbard, C., letter from, 140; ordination
399, 431, 462.
489 of Pahpoo, 140; theological students,

141
Education in its relation to conversion,

141 ; progress in the language,

Hinrichs, J., journal of, 453; the music
46,

220
English army, moral advancement in,.. 99

of children, 453; profitable wedding,

453; an objector silenced, 454; the
France, mission to, 3, 81, 147, 312, 35.5; Sabbath question, 454; chapel at Jever,

report on, 200; annual report, 312; 455 ; field preaching, 455 ; baptisms,
vindication of Baptists in, 355; appeal 455; religious liberty,

455
to the emperor for toleration, 81; per- Hongkong, (see China) mission, 3, 28;
secution, 82, 83, 147; burial of a child, 147 report on, 199; annual report,

293
Germany, mission to, 4, 29, 59, 84, 118, Indian missions, 4, 91, 92, 120, 391 ;

146, 182; report on, 200; annual re- report on, 201; annual report, 324,
port, 315; church at Berlin, 59, 86; 325,.

327
conference at Homburg, 59; Saxe- Ingalls, L., journal of, 138; arrival at
Meiningen, 59; evangelical alliance Rangoon, 138; ordination of Karens,
at Berlin, 60; the “ Kirchentag,” 61, 138; baptisms, 138, 139; by the
424; visit to Mecklenburg-Schwerin, deputation,

139
62; Bückeburg, 62; persecution jus- Intelligence, recent,

28
tified, 62; chapel at Barmen, 84; se- Irrawadi, trip up the, 26, 42; scenery,
cession from the state church, 84 ; 42; populousness of the country, 42,
an efficient church, 84; conference at 44; Yandonge, 42; Donabew, 43; Hen-

185;

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PAGE.

Osages,

PAGE.
thada, 44, 45; merchant boats, 44; 167; sowing and reaping, 168; schools
prevaledt anarchy, 47; Kanoung, 47; desired, 169, 170; reasoning of a Bur-
idols without an owner, 65; images man teacher, 169; a day spent for the
cut in rock, 67; splendor of idolatry in-

soul, 169; native missionaries needed,
creasing northward, 67 ; Shwaydoung, 170; Port Louis, 357; Cape Town, 358;
67; Padoung, 68, 69; lines of images, Cape Colony, 359;

voyage from,
67; colossal Gaudamas, 69; Prome, 360; Lisbon, 360; in England, 361;
69, 70;-insalubrity o., 70; – growth arrival in United States,

461
and improvements, 70; pagoda hill in Maulmain, as a place of residence, 19;
Prome, 71, 73; famine, 71; unwise scenery, 19; climate, 19; population
taxation, 71; reaction against English and prospects, 20; the mission
rule, 72; singular miasma, 72; pop- grounds, 21; languages mixed, 28; a
ulation of Prome, 73; poverty, 73;

hard field, 28, 140; Burman mission,
fewness of priests, 74; popular faith 2, 28, 139, 339, 376, 491, 480 ;-church,
shaken, 74; the gospel in Prome, 75; 22; baptisms, 140; report, 209; annual
encouraging tokens, 75; trip to Mea- report, 258; Burmese church, 341;
day, 76, thrilling recollection, 76; an native preachers, 341; plea for Pegu,
inviting field, 76; situation of Meaday, 345; visit to Terraneh, 312, 376; .ob-
97; unhealthy,98; Toung-ghoop, 100; ituary of Myat Kyau, 377: books and
road to Arracan, 100; three gates into tracts printed, 261; Keikto, 481; Pe-
Burmah, 101; posts to be occupied, guan outstation, 482; Beling crossing, 491
101; Pwos on the,

406 Maulmain Karen Mission, 2, 170, 380;

premises, 23; changes, 24; ordina-
Jews, missions to, 394; efforts for, 459 tion, 140 ; report, 243; annual report,
Jones, E., letters of, 92, 120; series of 265 ; tour up the Salwen, 337; Chum-

meetings, 120; baptisms, 120; mission- merah, 338; tour to Martaban, 170,.. 480
ary meeting, 120; movement for the Mergui (station), 48, 109,.

406
349 Missionaries, daily routine of their la-
Judson, Dr., memorials of, 22,

102 bors, 37; designation and departure
Mrs., grave of,

36 of, 29, 461; return of, 357, 461; letters
Mrs. E. C., death of,

364 from, 125, 398; mortality among, 20;

- causes of, 20; dependence of, on the
Karens, (see Maulmain, Tavoy, Mergui, Holy Spirit,

15
Rangoon, Bassein, Shwaygyeen, Toun- Missionary Rooms,

248
goo), missions to, 2, 23, 243; annual Missionary preaching,

37
report of, 265-292; near Shway-

Missions, general view of the, 1; reca-
green, 345; Pwos on the Irrawadi, 406;

pitulation of, 328; table of, 329; rein-
Maubee Association, 407; mission in forcement and supplies, 244; African,
Rangoon, 138; Home Mission Society, 208, 311; Asiatic, 258; European, 200,
79; mission press, publications, 261– 312; Indian, 201,

324
264, 375; native preachers, number of, Mission stations, healthfulness of, com-
13; theological seminary, 12; course parative,

68
of studies, 13; results, 13; theological Mohammedan intolerance,

93
training, provision to be made for, 14, Mortality among African 'missionaries,. 81
15; schools for native assistants, at Myat Kyau, obituary of, 377; early reli-
Tavoy, 10; at Maulmain, ll;in Mergui gious history, 378; conversion, 379;
and Arracan,

12

confession of Christ, 387; labors and
Kemnitz, C., journal of; 187 ; converts,
187; new stations, 187; seed by the

success, 380; instrumental in bringing

the gospel to the Karens, 380; Chris-
wayside,...

188

tian character, 381 ; triumphant death, 382
Kincaid, E., letter of, 179; spirit of in.
quiry at Rangoon, 179; new churches,

Native preachers, theological training of, 6
179; arrival at Prome,

286 Ningpo (see China,) 3, 28, 56, 117, 354;
Kleppe, Mr., journal of,

428 report on, 199; annual report, 300; re-
Knapp, Rev. H. E., death of, 94; obit- cent converts, 141; Chinese servants,
uary,

361

142; impostures, 142; dense popu-
Kobner, J., letters from, 84, 146,

390
lation, 484 ; a wide field,..

485
Nisbet, Mrs. M. C. S., obituary of,......

30
Laborers, how to be raised up,. -457 Normal School, Karen, at Maulmain,.. 24
Lehmann, G. W., letters from, 59, 86,.. 421
Loochoo kingdom,..

391 Obituaries, Mrs. Mary C. S. Nisbet, 30;

Rev. Daniel Sharp, D. D., 33; Mrs.
Macgowan, D. J., letters from, 56, 141,

Mary B. Crocker, 150; Mrs. Olive C.
354, 444; the insurrection in China, W. Harris, 152; Mrs. Mary J. L.
354; Chinese term for God, 354;

Shermer, 189; Rev. H. E. Knapp, 361;
baptism,

354

Mrs. Mary C. C. Rose, 362; Mrs. Em-
Madagascar, 122,

403

ily C. Judson, 364 ; Mrs. Martha F.
Madras,

Beecher, 365 ;- reporton,

212
Martaban, 106, tour to, 170; fine land-

Ojibwas (see Indian missions,) mission
scape, 171; rock-ship pagoda, 172; to, annual report,....

324
kyoung among Karens, 173; the pop- Oncken, J. F., letter from, 387; forma-
ulation,

tion of a church at Elsieth,

387
Mason, F., labors of, 111; letters and

Osages, movement for,..

120
journals from, 105, 129, 165, 357, 433;
journey to Toungoo, 105; Shway- Pahpoo, ordination of,

140
gyeen, 109; Sabbath at Toungoo, 165; Paramats, doctrine of the,.....

74
Toungoo a Karen centre, 166; New Peck, S., letters from, 19, 36,..

161
Karen tribes, 166; encouraging tokens, Preachers at triennial and annual meet-
167; kindness of English residents, ings,...

173

335

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PAGE,

PAOL.

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Preaching to adult heathens, and its ef- Sweden, religious movement in,....388, 456
fect, 46,.

10
Priedemann, O., journal of, 426; Jesuit

Tavoy mission, 111, 410; tour to Mata,
cupning, 426; gospel among Silesian

410; church at Lertabpoo, 411; heathen
weavers,..

426

Karens, 412; Mata church, 413; Kur-
Prome (see Burman missions,) mission

gau, 413; baptisms, 413; Kaitah, 414;
to 2, 405; annual report, 285; first la-

Karen homes, 414; Lauloo church,
bors at, 102; voyage to, 25, 42, 65, 98,

414; opposer silenced, 414; education
405; the seed springing up, 405; bap-

anong convicts,

416
tisms,

405 Teloogoo mission, 3, 29; report on, 210,
Pwo Karens in the theological school,

308; reinforcement of,

461
8; churches in Mergui province, 110, 372 Thah A, Ko, pastor of Rangoon church, 38

Theological training, objects to be aim-
Races, outward distinction of,.

43
ed at in,...

10
Rangoon, 25, 36 ; native Christians in Thomas, B. C., letter of, 111; school,

district of, 26; improvements in, 177; 111; spirit of Sau Quala, 111; labors
mission-house, burning of, 177; pub- of Dr. Mason, 111; the deputation,
lic disquiet, 178; spirit of inquiry,.. 179 112; journal of, 347, 369; jungle tour,

mission, 2, 36, 42, 65, 97, 136 ; 347; cholera, 347; joyous Sabbath,
annual report, 280 ; fruit from seed 347; baptisms, 348, 349, 413; promising
long sown in, 37; Ko Thah A, pastor of candidate, 348; a happy church, 349;
the church in, 38 ; increase of, 33; extent of his parish, 369; visit to Mer-
public worship, 39 ; cxamination of a gui, 369; self-support, 370; chapel-
candidate fur baptisın, 39; Shway building, 370; association, 370; bap-
Dagong pagoda, 40,41; the great bells, tisms, 371, 372, 373; interest among
41 ; baptismal scene, 41; the work Burmans, 371; Pwos, 372; choosing a
spreading, 136; churches and preach-

pastor, 373; sad contrast, 373; ordina-
ing stations, 136, 137; Kemmendine, tion, 374, retrospect, 374; Romanists,

137; Kambet, 137; Karen department, 138 374; tour to Mata, 410; death of a
Ribbeck, F., his secession from the state Karen convert, 410; the preacher's

church, 84; baptism, 86; zealous la- work, 411; Kurgau, 413; Karen
bors, 147; sketch of the life of,...... 472 homes,

414
Ringsdorff, Mr., letter from, 390 ; bap- Toungoo mission, 2, 105, 129, 165, 345,

tisms at Barmen, 390 ; the work ex- 433; annual report, 289; new outsta-
panding,....

390 tions, 433; value of native assistants,
Rose, Mrs. M. C.. death of,.....

94 433; Sau Quala, 345, 434; encouraging

aitention, 434; the Bghais, 434; the
Salongs, annual report of, 271; belief

Pakus, 435; outstations,

436
and customs of, 48, 51; Siamese Sa-

journey to, difficulties of the,
longs, 49, 54; Lord Wm. Bentick's

106; setting out, 106; legend, 106;
island, 50;-geological appearance of, Martaban, 106; superiority of Chris-
50 ; Tawaie tribe, 51; Jaeet, 52; Lam-

tianity, 106; tracts withheld, 107; lear-
pee, 52: better class of, 53; Zadek Sa- ing the Salwen, 107; candid hearer,
Iongs, 54; mesmeric dance, 55; dia- 108; Sabbath employments, 108; trip
lect of, 55; extraordinary congrega- of Mrs. Mason; 109; preaching to Bur-
tion,...

55
mans, 109;

to Karens, 109; Shway-
Sander, J., journal of, 425 ; gospel gyeen, 109, 134; geography of the coun-
among miners,..

425 try, 129; Sitang, city of, 131 ; - river,
Sau Quala, letters of, 345, 434; prudence 130; earnest request for books, 132,

in baptizing, 433; excursions of, 434, 133; station established at Toungoo, 135
435; his qualifications, 436; mission- Triennial conferences in Asia, expedien-
ary spirit of,...

111
cy of, .

15
Schauffer, C., letter from, 388; baptism
of two Swedes, 388; ordination, 388;

Van Meter, H. L., letters from, 180,436;
good news from Sweden,

388 prevalence of small pox, 180; efficacy
Seik sepoys, fine appearance of,

66

of vaccination doubted, 180; notes of
Sharp, Rev. Dr., biographical sketch of, 33

a jungle tour, 436; visit to Shwey
Shawanoes, mission to, 325; tokens of

Loung, 437; light breaking forth, 438;
divine favor, 91; life and death of a

visit to Pay Beng, 439;. first baptism,
Christian chief, 91; contrasts, 92; an-

by Mr. V. M., 439; ministers and dea-
nual report, 325; early efforts for, 391;

cons, 439, 440 ; a worthy example,.... 414
present state,

391 Vinton, J. H., instructor of Karens at
Shermer, H. B., letter of, 79; Mrs.,

Maulmain,

11
death of, 95; obituary of,.......... 189 Wade, J., discourse of, on Myat Kyau, 377
Shway Dagong pagoda,

40 Ward, w., letters from, 112, 349, 383;
Shway Doung, the Oxford of Burmah," 67 trials, 112; preaching tours, 112, 349;
Shwaygyeen, 2, 25, 109; encouraging divine help, 113; future plans, 113; the

tokens, 109; situation of, 134; prices gospel among new tribes, 113; pleasant
of living at, 134; mission premises, reception, 350; preaching to Cacharis,
135; signification of, 135; Karens 351; excursion down the river, 352;
near, 345; route from Martaban to, Hindoo vindicating Brahminism, 352;
482; prospects,.....

483 visit of Dr. Peck, 353; preaching from
Siam, letter from Mr. Ashmore,.

the heart, 383; apparent effect, 383
mission to,2, 29; report, 198; an- Whiting, S. M., letters from, 144, 443;

292 Jorhat and vicinity, 145; boat-tour,
Simons, T., letter from, 405; voyage 145; books and papers, 443; burning
to Prome, 405; baptisms,

405 of widows,
Sitang, river and valley, 24, 130, ....... 131 Willard, E., letters from, 81,

355
131 | Worldly and Christian heroism,

102

.... 116

nual report,

, city,

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The past year has been, with respect to an important portion of our mission field, a transition period, and the state of the world at present is such as to betoken great changes in time to come. Asia, so long the colossal emblem of stationary, almost stagnant life, ---- fixed, unimpressible – is now the theatre of revolution. Europe is again threatened with agitations the extent and issues of which it were vain to conjecture. The jar of these outward movements faintly indicates the tossings of the great sea of human opinion, now in a more restless state than at any time for many years past. At such a season it is impossible to survey our missions without deep concern. Are they commensurate with the demands of the time? Do they promise an expansion adequate to the probabilities of the immediate future ?

Beginning with BURMAH, on which is concentrated our greatest force, we see the missions entering upon a new era, opened by the sudden enlargement of their field of operations. The conquest of Southern Burmah is indeed incomplete. -- the peace lately proclaimed was but a hollow truce and the calamities of war are renewed for a season. But enough is gained to give the missions access to a numer- . ous population hitherto unapproachable. In anticipation of this result the whole body of missionaries have been convened to review their labors, to compare their experience, and to devise measures at once for extending their lines of occupation, and for acting with increased efficiency and unity of plan. Resources accumulated within the narrow limits of Tenasserim and Arracan were now available for the populous interior of the country. It was felt that the set time had come for an advance movement. But while competent and faithful translators had opened the Scriptures to both the Burmany and Karens with a clearness that leaves little to be expected from present revision ; while the press had multiplied copies, ready for the widest distribution which should appear practicable and expedient; and while a hopeful body of native pastors and evangelists was raised up; it was made manifest that the most imperative want, — that of men qualified to lead the advance could be but imperfectly supplied. It was necessary to spare from the older sta

1

tions as many missionaries, and to disperse them as widely, as the nature of the case wo Id admit, trusting in Him who is able to save by many or by few, to make the feeblest labors effectual and to raise up the needed succors from the American churches. Of the changes thus made, full information is not received ; but the following statement exhibits them so far as they have been acted upon at home.

Six missions and stations are fixed upon in Burmab Proper, - Rangoon, Bassein, Henthaday, Prome, Toungoo and Shwaygyeen. To the mission at Rangoon, are assigned Messrs. Ingalls, from Akyab, Stevens, from Maulmain, and for the present, Dr. Dawson; the arrangements for the Karen department of the mission there are not permanently made, but for the present it is in charge of Mr. Vinton. At Bassein, Mr. Beecher is provisionally associated with Mr. Van Meter. To Prome are 'assigned Mr. Kincaid, and Mr. Simons from Maulmain. Mr. Thomas, on the return of Mr. Cross to Tavoy, is to occupy Henthaday. Dr. Mason, at his owa earnest request, is appointed to Toungoo.

The state of his health has been such as to make his early return to Angerica appear necessary, but at latest advices was better, and it was his purpose, if possible, at least to establish the new mission, leaving his homeward voyage for future determination. Mr. Brayton, from Mergui, and Mr. Harris, from Maulmain, are to commence a Karen mission at Shwaysyeen

These detachments for Burmah Proper leave the stations in Tenasserim and Arracan occupied as follows: Maulmain, by Messrs. Haswell, Bixby and Ranney, in the Burman Mission ; Dr. Wade, as teacher of the Karen Theological School, and Messrs. Bennett, Hibbard and Whitaker in the Karen mission. Tavoy, by Messrs. Cross, in the Karen, and Allen, in the Burmese department. Mergui, by Mr. Benjamin as a Karen and Salong missionary. Akyab; by Messrs. C. C. Moore and Rose, laboring in Burmese, and Sandoway by Mr. Knapp, also in Burmese.

Messrs. Howard and Stilson, of the Maulmain Burman, W. Moore, of the Maulmain Karen, Cross, of the Tavoy, and Abbott, of the Bassein, and Mrs. Campbell of the Arracan Mission, are in this country. Mr. Nisbet of the Arracan Mission, is on his way. Disease has laid its band on these brethren. With one exception, they have been in the field for years, some for many years of severe and useful labor. Mr. Nisbet was arrested by sickness on the threshold of his expected work, and warned to withdraw, but not till Mrs. Nisbet was suddenly removed by death. Mr. Cross anticipates an early return to his mission, and two missionaries recently appointed, Rev. Messrs. J. L. Douglass and Arthur R. R. Crawley, are designated to stations in Burmah.

While, however, attention has been so fixed on plans for the future, the ordinary labors at stations already established have gone forward with general prosperity. The native churcbes have shown a high degree of stability, the native preachers, of zeal; and the divine blessing has given effect to their efforts in co-operation with the missionaries. In Rangoon and Bassein, particularly, there has been a large ingathering of converts. The present season is witnessing, it may be hoped, the beginning of those more extended efforts for the evangelization of Burmah indicated in the foregoing list of stations, of which we shall look to hear encouraging results during the year on which we have entered.

The Mission to SIAM has experienced no outward change. Its work has advanced, not rapidly, as compared with some older and more favored, but surely and hopefully. A few converts, a few promising inquirers, an interesting church, steadfast amidst the flood of heathenism who shall despise the day of small things? Mr. Chandler is about returning, with the Rev. Robert Telford as a colleague for Mr. Ashmore in the Chinese department. The Siamese department needs an increase of laborers.' When the whole kingdom is open to the Christian preacher, the men should not be wanting to go through the land with the message of salvation.

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