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great moral lever of affection to parents being unknown to the children. Were it not for God's most special and tender words as regards the orphan, Christians might well shrink from the anxiety and toil involved in educating these dear helpless ones.” So have we found it, but we have also found the grace of God equal to the emergency ; and we are encouraged to persevere so long as the Lord enables us. We have not been without success; a gracious tone has been given to the little community, many have come under impressions, and others have been converted to God. Those who have gone out into situations, have almost in every case given us much satisfaction; where failure has occurred, it has arisen either from a craving for the sea, or from the interference of an unwise mother, and we hope that time and grace will remedy the evil. Some of the lads are already in good positions, and command the esteem of their employers. We are far from being depressed under our load, rather do we thank God, and take courage. We do, however, earnestly ask for the prayers of the Lord's people, that we may be graciously supported. Who is sufficient for these things ? Who can hope to conduct such a work efficiently while a thousand other matters are upon his hands, unless divine strength be given ?
Visitors are always welcome to inspect the Stockwell Orphanage, which is a place fair to look upon, and in summer will well repay a moderate journey. Those who have done so in former days have frequently written their opinions in the visitors' book, and we will trouble our readers with a few of their jottings :
It has been quite a treat to me to visit this institution. Everything in order. May the Lord prosper it.
W. T. BUCKLAND. Very much pleased and encouraged in addressing the dear children on total abstinence and gospel truth.
JONATHAN GRUBB. Everything that is conducive to health and comfort.
C. E. SAUNDERS, M.D. I cannot speak too highly of all the arrangements, and of the admirable manner in which the institution is conducted.
H. GERVIS, Esq., M.D., &c., &c. Such an institution is a blessing to the country.
J. LATHAM. So delighted! So far surpassing what I had expected that I know not what to say. This I know, I find much to incorporate into my own work.
W. C. VAN METER. Worthy of its president and manager.
Rev. A. G. Brown. Nothing could be better than the arrangements. A most pleasant place to visit.
Rev. JOHN FOSTER. Very much pleased with all the arrangements.
Rev. Alrd. BOURNE, B.A., Sec. British and Foreign School Soc. Deeply interested and delighted with the boys. Rev. T. G. HORTON. An admirable institution. Good in design, and, if possible, better in execution.
F. J. Monah, M.D. I H. M.
J. H. BRIDGES, M.D. / Inspectors. Looking over a few of the papers of application, and the information gathered for us by our friends who make investigations for us, we have
jotted down a few of the cases which we have lately received into the school. They are fair specimens of the general run of admissions. The sorrow which comes under our notice when hearing the sad stories of the poor bereaved women is something terrible to think upon.
C. V. B., age seven. One of seven left unprovided for by death of father, youngest child five months old. Mother does cleaning, and earns 5s. a week.
H. M., seven years old, and one of seven. Mother unable to follow any employment, because the children require her åttention. There are no relations above the rank of domestic servants. The mother has long struggled to keep her family respectable, and is a very bard-working woman, but her husband was addicted to hard drinking. Her trials must have been great indeed while he was alive, and they are heavier now.
F. H. M., eldest of six, being himself only eight years of age. One child born after the father's death. No sort of provision.
S. W., aged six. Has lost both parents, and is supported, together with his brother and sister, by his uncle, who earns a scanty living by selling winkles and dried fish. Father was a respectable clerk, and died suddenly by a fall down stairs. Uncle finds that he is unable to continue to support the three children, and his own family also.
G. H. C. Father was a boiler-maker, and was killed by an accident. There are nine children, and another is expected. The two eldest keep themselves. One child is blind and another imbecile. This boy is nine years of age. Mother earns 3s. a week by needlework ; has been occasionally helped by husband's fellow-workmen. The contractors who employed her husband are aiding her for the present, but this will soon cease, and her prospect is distressing.
G. A., aged six, son of a farmer, who died leaving £10 a year, and his wife and nine children to live upon it. Mother gave way under the severe trial, and had to be sent to an asylum. Is now recovered, and keeps a little fancy shop, and works very hard with the needle, but her income is extremely scanty and precarious. No case can be more deserving.
Such details we could multiply without end, the difficulty is not which to select, but which to omit. We have to reject hundreds of deserving applicants, not because they are not needy, but because they are put out of court by others which surpass them in distress.
We have met with much gratitude from the poor mothers, and they have manifested it practically by collecting for the Institution. In all, the widows have brought in a very considerable sum, and thus have shown their interest in the work.
Sickness has but slightly assailed us, yet enough to make it wise to have a house at Ramsgate for the sickly ones during the season. So many of the fathers of our orphans died of consumption, that we are sure to have a number of rather weakly children, but, with kind care, they gather strength, and grow into vigorous men. Our diet is homely, but generous, and the boys thrive upon it. A tailor advertises—
“As for the boys who all day long
Their clothes to pieces tear,
That out they'll never wear." We do not intend to deal with this house, but should be delighted to meet with garments deserving such a description, for clothes are always a very heary item in our expenditure. Under garments are generally provided for us by generous ladies. We owe to them far more than we can express. In their good work may they find, as we do, a reward most precious.
As a work of charity and a labour of piety, orphanage work stands in the front rank, and among all the many schools which it has erected, we claim an honourable place for our own peculiar charge, the Stockwell Orphanage. The exchequer is just now but scantily furnished; hence this article, and the earnest request that, among the generous gifts which make Christmas so pleasant, we may have a share. It will help our friends to know what to send if we remind them that we need £10 every time the sun rises. For the boys' sake, also, we want materials for an extra treat on Christmas-day.
The Home For Little Boys,*
HORTON KIRBY, KENT.
Tiny feet are paitering round;
"Tis a liome for little boys.”—Judge Payne. TNFTY years ago, when the horn of the Cambridge mail was nightly heard T in its broad main street, the suburban parish of Tottenham was a leafy retreat, whither Quakers and quiet-living folks loved to retire. Times have altered wonderfully since then, however, and some old inhabitants think they have altered for the worse. Meadows have been cut up into streets, attractive gardens have been partitioned into sites for villas, and on spots where tall trees ouco waved gracefully, countless chimneys now pollute the air. If the truth must be told, Tottenham is a convenient suburb for clerks and others who are willing to afford the sum of sixpence a day from their earnings for travelling expenses; and hence the cheap fares, expeditious transit, and liberal service of trains provided by the Great Eastern Railway in a great measure account for the innovation of bricks and mortar, which many have lived long enough to deplore. If Tottenham is becoming over-populated, the offenders who should be required to answer for the inconvenience are the directors of the Great Eastern Railway Company, whose unexceptionably good local traffic is tempting people to choose hones on the banks of their line.
At Tottenhain, near the fifth milestone, stands a rather antique mansion, which wants only the ability to speak, and it would tell a diversified, or, perhaps, a romantic history. What and whom the mansion represented in the days of its pristine dignity no local history is at hand to declare; but loug ago, when poor people were fewer at Tottenham than they are to-day, the inansion, forsaken by its genteel founders, served as the parish poorhouse. Having descended to the lowest scale of the social ladder, a reaction occurred, and the house became the home of a boarding school for boys, conducted by Mr. Wilberforce Pike. Subsequently the premises were couverted into a refuge for girls, and these, in 1861, were succeeded by the little boys, who shortly afterwards left Tottenham to establish themselves at Horton Kirby, Kent,'a healthy and beautiful site on the London, Chatham, and Dorer Rail. way. Of this Little Boys' Home we are now about to write.
When putting their hands to a good work, the founders of the Home had only slight notions of the proportions their scheme would assume as it grew in
* We are pleased to give a notice of an institution, akin to our own, to which we wish the utmost prosperity.-C. H. S.
favour with the Christian public. The house at Tottenham appeared to be quite full when pinety beds were set up in the antiquated rooms; but when these were placed closer together, and a hundred little fellows were received, the accommodation was occupied to the utmost limit, and numbers vainly asked for admission. While gratified at the success of their charity, the committee were perplexed, and even undecided as to the course of action they should pursue. Not that suggestions were wanting. Some would have set about enlarging the Home, others opposed patching up an old house, until the advice to seek an entirely new site prevailed, and that site was in time procured at Horton Kirby, near Farningham. In 1866 the Princess of Wales laid the first stone of what is now really an imposing little boys' village, including ten homes, with accommodation for thirty inmates in each, a chastely-built chapel (which has its pulpit supplied either by Dissenters or Anglicans), a large central building with workshops and the superintendent's house. There is also a cottage hospital, isolated from the main buildings. It was decided to adopt the family system similar to that in operation at Stockwell; and, like the Stockwell Orphanage, the homes are the gifts of individual donors, e.g.
1. ALEXANDRA HOUSE. So named by permission of Her Royal Highness the Princess of Wales, the funds being raised by the exertions of the Treasurer, Mr. W. H. Willans. 2. HANBURY HOUSE. The gift of the late President, Mr. Robert Culling Hanbury, and his family. 3. QUIET RESTING PLACE. The cost being contributed by the congregation of Hare Court Chapel, Canonbury, and thus named by them. 4. THE CHILDREN'S COTTAGE. The result of a subscription raised by the Honorary Secretary, Mr. A. O. Charles, amongst the children of England who have homes, and who desired to build a home for those who had none. 5. LADY MORRISON'S HOME. The gift of Lady Morrison, of the Hermitage, Sparesbrook. 6. KJDBROOK LOPGE. The gift of Miss Peek, of Blackheath, in memory of her mother. 7. THE LITTLE WANDERERS' RETREAT. By a lady who wishes only to be known as the "Little Wanderers' Friend." 8. THE LITTLE ONE'S REFUGE. The gift of Mr. and Mrs. L. Leaf, of Clapbam Park, as a thank-offering for the restoration to health of one of their daughters. 9. THE THOMAS FINLAY COTTAGE. Erected by Mrs. Thomas Finlay, of Talbot Square, in memory of her husband. 10. THE GEORGE MOORE LODGE. The gift of Mrs. George Moore, of Kensington Palace Gardens.
One morning in early September, after alighting at the Farningham Road station, and walking about a mile through a pretty landscapo scene, we duly arrived at the Home, of which we had lost sight since the sudden disappearance of the little boys from Tottenham ip 1867 The master and matron, who reside in the central building, give all visitors a cordial welcome, and readily supply whatever information is asked regarding the plan and working of the Institution. We fared no worse than others who have preceded us, and after dinner we sallied forth on a tour of inspection, accompanied by our intelligent
The family system is completely carried out. By living in separate families the boys are taught to help themselves and one another; and in as great a degree as possible their labour aids in sustaining the Institution. The freehold estate purchased by the trustees comprises an area of eighteen acres, and beyond this lies a farm of eighty acres additional. The yield of the land, which is cultivated by the elder lads and hired labourers, supplies the commis. sariat department with milk, pork, potatoes, and other articles of daily consumption. The farmer-in-chief is placed over one of the homes, and accordingly he ranks as a “father," and his wife as a " mother ;” and in common with their compeers on the estate who have risen to a like distinction, this good couple have thirty youngsters to house and superintend. May not some of these strong.limbed lads desire to shine in the profession of agriculture ? Some may become farm bailiffs ; some may eveu rise to the dignity of farmers. Iu either case “ father's " discipline is the very tbing to aid their realising such worthy aspirations.
When completely carried out, as it is at the Home for Little Boys, the family system entails difficulties not easily overcome, and such as are unknown at the Stockwell Orphanage, where one matron only is needed for each house, because the whole of the boys take their meals together in the common dining-hall. Kind-hearted, Christian, industrious matrons are happily not very great rarities; but when a married couple for each house are required, the case becomes more complicated. Any committee who need the services of such people will testify that married persons of the class required, who unite in themselves the indispensable qualifications for superintending thirty boys, by seeing after their physical comfort, as well as their religious and moral welfare, are not readily found. The man may inherit the necessary qualifications, while the wife is unsuitable, or vice versa; but if, on the whole, the gains of the family system compensate for the apxiety and trouble incurred in finding suitable superintendents, the committee deserve our praise for having tested fairly wbat has been proved to be a success.
The attention of the founders of the Little Boys' Home was first directed to the Christ-like work of rescuing youthful waifs and strays from a life of crime and misery, from the fact of there being no industrial school in existence quite after the model they desired to see. Police statistics prove that between three and four hundred street Arabs are arrested during each year in London: these are offenders against a law which they do not comprehend, or they are sinners whose infant years render it well nigh impossible to inflict upon them any severe punishment. The need of a suitable refuge was conclusively proved by the rapid growth of the one now founded, the number provided for during the first year being fifty, while seven years subsequently the number admitted was three hundred. • Rapid growth, however, may not betoken unmixed prosperity. The rapidity with which the Home or village has arisen on the pleasant site amoug the hills of Kent is accounted for by the fact that many of the houses are the separate gifts of private individuals. The stimulus given to the progress of an institution of this kind by means of beneficence is a subject for congratulation, if, in the meantime, in consequence of such acts of liberality at the outset, the institution do not after a few years outgrow its means of support. Whether or not the Home at Horton Kirby is likely to outrun its income we need not speculate; we hope for the best, and have confidence in the generosity of Christian England, which has the welfare of the orphan and of the destitute child at heart. To tell the simple, unvarnished truth to such, is to make the strongest appeal ; so that we need only say that the cash in hand at the end of last year was under £6. The committee need £6,000 a year to meet their engagements, and a little over half of this sum is provided by subscriptions on which they can depend, the remainder having to be raised by extraordinary means. A few of the inmates are paid for by private individuals; others are sent in by the London School Board, in accordance with the Act of Parliament, and the rate charged in either instance is 75. a week.
Though the children admitted are not necessarily orphans, many of them are without earthly protectors. The candidate for admission need only be destitute, and under ten years of age. Of the character in general of the lads the reader can judge from looking over the first seven cases which occur in the list, and which are followed by hundreds of others similar in detail.
1. A. G., aged eight years and three months. Father dead. Has bad companions ; lives with a grandmother sixty-one years of age, who earns a precarious living by taking in washing. Fulhan. 2. A. J., aged six years and eight months. Mother dead. Seven children turned out of doors by the father, three of them dependent on an aunt. Tottenham. 3. B. W., aged eight years and nine months. An illegitimate child. Mother a domestic servant; boy hitherto kept by her aged parents ; her father has been bedridden for the last two years; is now in great difficulties, and fears being turned out of his home. Islington. 4. F. W., aged nine years and five months. An illegitimate child. Given to pilfering. Expelled from three schools for violence to other children. Hitherto kept by his mother's husband. Paddington. 5. G. J., aged nine years and one month. Father dead. Mother a charwoman, in delicate health ; has five young children depending on her. Marylebone, 6. G. J., aged eight years and nine months. Father died after three years' illness; death hastened through misconduct of daughter, who has since died of consumption. Widow in delicate health ; left with seven children, four entirely