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accomplished, that many of the poor perish- and disappointments. The more I enter into ing beachen around will speedily be brought direct missionary labour, the more am I conto the knowledge of the true God and of vinced of the necessity of great faith, and Jesus Christ, whom he hath sent. I must much patience and perseverance, with fervent not, however, omit that we have many trials / and earnest prayer.
Six converts were baptized by Mr. Beddy on the first day of November last, and the details he gives of their previous history will be read with pleasure. Writing on the 18th of November, Mr. Beddy says :
On Lord's day, November 1st, it was my He owes much of his early instruction to his blessed privilege to baptise the following beloved and most affectionate aunt, to whom persons : my second eldest son, nineteen years he attached himself with an affection that she of age, Mrs. Manville, the wife of a member of has well earned from all. Some short time the church, and four young women belonging before his baptism, being present with him, to our Native Refuge. I need not say with he made the disc ery to me of the state of what mingled feelings of delight and gratitude his heart, and of his desire for baptism. I I performed this most delightful ceremony. need hardly say how my fond heart exulted My son Joseph in an especial manner called in the discovery, and how it operated on his forth praises and thanksgiving ; he is the fond and affectionate mother; with what joy child of many prayers, and I have for a and gratitude she heard the tidings that length of time looked upon him as one" not realized her fondly-cherished wishes. What far from the kingdom of heaven,” but through must have been the state of father, mother, some strange backwardness, peculiar to some and aunt's feelings while they looked on the parents, I seldom had any close conversation consummation of what they had all prayed with him, but his dear mother was all along for? or rather, what ought our feelings to have impressed with a firm conviction that for the been under such a scene? Holy and devout last year or two he gave evident tokens of gratitude to the Lord of glory! having a work of grace begun in his heart; Of Mrs. Manville I cannot speak much ; and of this there now appears sufficient proof. she appears to be a mild and consistent In his infancy he was subject to much sick character, and was spoken well of by one of ness, and we have often gone to bed expecting the brethren who knew her for some time, as to find him dead in the morning. His diseases also by her husband. were various and trying, but it pleased the The first native young woman, Fygou, we Lord to restore him to health after a very pro- received from a gentleman in Tichool, oppotracted illness. On our way up the river site Monghyr. She was sent through brother Ganges to join our station at Dinapore, in Lawrence. The gentleman received her from 1831, he was so far reduced as to bave given a rajah, as a present on the gentleman's marus every reason to believe that he was actually riage. She was given or sold by her father, a dying. On this occasion, being far from any Mohammedan, to the rajah ; and the reason village or station, and reflecting that I would assigned by her for her father's want of have to dig his grave and bury him myself in natural affection was, that her step-mother ill the sands, I thought much on the more than used her. From her first coming into the probable result, of the body being subjected Refuge till the present period, she has in to being mangled by jackals and dogs. My every way conducted herself to our satisfacfeelings naturally revolted at such a result; 1 tion. We received her in July, 1843, into therefore requested his mother, who had re- the Refuge, and she is now about seventeen tired into another room in the boat, not wish- years of age. It is about eighteen months ing to see him die, to give him a bath, after since she evinced some concern for her soul, which I knelt down, with a beloved aunt who and the work appears to have gradually was accompanying us, and I fervently im- deepened, till about six or seven months ago plored the Lord that if it was his will to she came forward and requested to be united remove him, that he would in mercy spare to the church by baptism. The testimony him till we reached a station where he might borne of her general conduct by the lady in be interred, at the same time praying for his charge of the Refuge is gratifying. restoration, if in accordance with bis divine The second native young woman baptized, will. Having thus commended him to God, Chemaliah, formerly a Hindoo, was sent to we rose from our knees, and it was the will of us by the magistrate of Gya, in October our heavenly Father to give an answer of 1812. She was probably ten years of age peace, and we were permitted to witness an when we received her into the Refuge. She immediate change and a gradual restoration. 'states that she went in company with some
relations to see a Hindoo festival, that she Andrew Reed, during our much beloved was separated from her friends in the crowd, Mrs. George Parsons's residence in Mongbyr, and having wandered about for some time in who now lives with us as a servant, and they the expectation of being restored to them, have been married, since which time they without effect, she was subsequently taken up appear to live happy and comfortable. by the police. She was by the magistrate, as We have also a Moonshee that has reaforesaid, forwarded to our Refuge. She nounced caste, and who professes to be a further stated, that her father had been dead. follower of the Lord Jesns Christ. Also a This young female first attracted the notice of nominal native Christian, who in his infancy the governess about twelve months ago, as was baptised by a native convert to the evincing a concern after salvation, and uniting church of England; but he came to us in an with others in prayer and reading the scrip- awful state of ignorance and delusion regard. tures. Her change and progress appears like ing real religion. He reads well, and has the former, to have been gradual and increas- showed much attention to instruction. He ing, and having requested baptism, was ac- has evidently improved in knowledge, but cordingly received into the church, and that how far grace has been received into his ordinance administered to her.
heart, and how far he feels himself a sinner, Pearon, the third female, about fourteen and in that state under condemnation, and is years of age, was received into the Refuge in ready to welcome the gospel plan of salvation, December, 1842, under circumstances of a I can only state from his own language. He peculiar kind. She states that owing to her has been employed as a chapel bearer, and father (a Mohammedan) having gone up the his conduct hitherto, as a servant, has been country in the capacity of a servant, leaving consistent and becoming, making due allowher mother and five children at Dinapore; ances for native minds, ignorance, &c. Oa the mother not hearing from the father for a the whole, I am not without hope that his length of time, sold her and a sister, probably mind has been favourably impressed. His through distress. The subject of this state- wife is also a nominal Christian, but appears a ment was sold to a country-born female, from likely person to receive those truths into her whom she experienced such cruel usage and heart which, being accompanied by the divine unkind treatment, that she ran away from her influence, will lead to faith in a crucified mistress, and took refuge in Mr. Brice's house, Saviour. There is another native woman, who forwarded her to us. She has been the wife of a member, who professes love to marked on both arms with the name of her Christ. She has been a very troublesome mistress, and marked across her forehead in character, quarrelling with her husband, and such a manner as to leave it beyond a doubt very much taken up with worldly affairs. that she will carry those marks to her grave. There has been, by all accounts, a change, She appears to have commenced to think of and she has been enabled to forsake some of her soul's concerns much about the time of her wicked ways. May she at length be the former girl, and to have afforded satisfac- fully able to do so, and show to her neightory evidence of a change of heart and a bours the power of divine things when rightly drawing attachment to the Saviour.
taken into the heart. The fourth young woman is Nussebun, re In Mrs.Beddy's bible class there are five native ceived from the magistrate of Gya in July, married women ; two of them are members of 1842. She has always been sedate, and has the church, one has been excluded, but we seldom given much trouble, even at the first, hope well of her, and the other two are at which is not generally the case. She had present unconverted. To this number, five, been talking much about religion for a longer we are to add twelve belonging to the Refuge. period of time than the other young persons, Five of these are converted, and have joined but there is reason to believe that her heart the church; the others give, more or less, has been recently brought under divine in- evidence of seeking the Lord, and we trust fluence, and that at the first she was not what this is the case. Mirs, Beddy's Sunday-school she thought, and wished others to think, is in number few, being confined to her own having showed evident signs of a proud heart; family, with six in addition, who are educated it is, however, now only just to state, that for and boarded in our house, mostly country some time previous to her coming forward to born. join the church, a very decided change ap In the Refuge Miss Macdonough, exclusive peared to have taken place, and her conduct of every day's instructions in regard to scripwas well spoken of by the governess. She ture and religious knowledge, has a Sundaywas a Mohammedan-is now about sixteen school. All capable of receiving instruction years of age. She states that being in slavery, are assembled every Sunday morning after and not liking her bondage nor her mistress, breakfast, and the usual duties of a sabbath she ran away, and was subsequently found by school, so-far as native instruction and the the police wandering about Gya, and taken to native language will admit, is regularly and the magistrate, who forwarded her to the profitably attended to. Refuge. She was asked in marriage some In the chapel we have four services on the time ago by a young man that was called Lord's day; in the morning, native service at
six or seven o'clock, according as the season tion for native service. Bazar preaching permits. Ac ten o'clock the natives assemble nearly every day, and we have just (that is under the native preacher, who exhorts and the native brethren) returned from a very the brethren pray. At half-past two o'clock large fair, where for four days they were emregular native service, and at six o'clock in ployed in preaching and in distributing tracts the evening English service. Although we and portions of scripture, and where they met cannot say that we have large assemblies, yet with the usual success. May the Lord bless we have, upon the whole, encouraging ones, and own all that has been done, to the glory and the number in the Refuge, thirty-nine of his name and the eternal good of those who (one having just died), swells our congrega- I heard and who received the word of life.
Our esteemed Secretary has paid a visit to this island, which was very interesting to him, and we doubt not that his account of it will gratify all our readers. The following letter was written when he was about to leave it: the date is Dec. 5, 1846 :
On leaving England we had no hope what- sugar. There are, according to the governever of seeing any other stations than those in ment survey, 1,000,000 acres available for Jamaica, but on reaching Barbadoes, brother sugar cultivation, of wbich 200,000 acres are Birrell and myself resolved that, as we were sold. Of these, not more than 25,000 acres within a few hours' sail of Trinidad, and could are devoted to sugar, and the crop is about visit both ic and Haiti at the cost of a fort. 25,000 tons, worth nearly £400,000. You night and a few pounds, we should divide, and may judge of the productiveness of the soil call at Jacmel and Port of Spain. I am very from the fact that there are cane-pieces (a glad that we adopted this plan. A personal field) in the island which have not been revisit gives a better idea of the labours and planted since the beginning of this century, difficulties of our brethren than “ seven years The average duration of a cane-piece of letter-writing.” The estimate is Mr. throughout the island is about twenty-five Cowen's, and not far from the truth. The years, while in several other West Indian mere voyage is of great advantage. On board islands the cane is replanted every four or the steamer you meet with residents from each five years. The soil is a rich loam, free from of the West Indian islands and of all shades all stones, and sometimes fifteen feet deep, of opinion. They are generally very frank often more. and communicative, and much information The population is large and destitute. Port may be obtained from them. At Barbadoes of Spain contains about 18,000 people; and we spent a day with the Wesleyan mission- the whole island about 80,000. The number aries, Messrs. Ranyell, English, and Brown, of evangelical ministers is eight. The attendand received from them much kindness. I ance at day schools of all kinds has recently expect also to spend a few days at Grenada, been ascertained to be one in every twentywaiting for the next steamer. These delays three. The governor, Lord Harris, from are most welcome, and prove highly conducive whom we obtained this information, is doing to the general object of our mission, enabling much for the improvement of the island, and us to examine the plans and condition of mis- is in high repute among all classes. The sions connected with other sections of the great body of the people are Roman Catholics, church of Christ.
and here, as in China and elsewhere, their The importance of our mission in Trinidad priests content themselves with grafting popery it is not easy to overrate. Commercially, the on the prevalent popular superstition. The island is likely to become one of our most freaks and mummeries practised on high fesvaluable West Indian possessions. Within tivals would excite one's laughter, if they sight are the mountains of the Spanish Main, were not connected with interests so serious. accessible to the Christian missionary. The By popery and slavery combined, the energy harbour—the Gulf of Paria—is one of the of the people has been destroyed, and the largest and safest in the world. The island finer features of the negro character nearly itself is abundantly productive. If the whole obliterated. They are idle and suspicious, were cultivated it might supply Europe with showing for ministers and religion much
formal respect, but no true affection. It is a One group in and around Port of Spain, the strange proof of the corrupting influence of other about twenty miles to the south, in and the old system, that “Willyforce nigger" around the Savanna Grande. At Port of used to be, and “ African nigger” (meaning Spain Mr. Law is our missionary; at the in both cases one who has been a slave) still Savanna, Mr. Cowen has been labouring is, a term of strongest contempt between in the midst of much self-denial) since Mr. those who were themselves once slaves. Still Law's arrival. the people are susceptible of kindly feelings. At Port of Spain our labours were begun The gospel can redeem and change their in 1843. We then purchased the Mico character; and this is its result, though it School-an excellent house, of stone, the works more slowly than in other islands. All partitions and flooring of cedar-a wood the estates are accessible to missionaries, and the inserts will not touch. The ground on the government is prepared to grant money for which it stands is nearly square. The front schools or religious purposes to all. The Catho- quarter of this plot is occupied by this buildlics, the Episcopalians, and the Methodists, ing; the other front quarter is now used as a receive from the public treasury; and the garden, and will be a very admirable site for Council are amazed that neither the Presby- a chapel when the chapel now in use (which terians (seceders) nor the Baptists will accept is part of the present house) proves too small. of such aid. Of course this “ equal justice "The back part of the ground is occupied by a of the government, though better than par- kitchen, stable, and three or four small houses tiality, is in many ways very mischievous. 1 (now occupied by some of the Portuguese mention it only to show that our labours here refugees from Madeira, whom Mr. Law thus are free from some of the influences with shelters), a teacher's room, and two rooms which we have to contend elsewhere, which are used as school-rooms. The whole,
Most of the English people with whom I which is situated in one of the best parts of have conversed, deem the island healthy, the town, cost but £1200. with due care. The deaths in Port of Spain Since 1843 two small chapels of wood have are not more than a fraction higher than the been built near Port of Spain ; one at Dry deaths in London, and one gentleman (Mr. River, a destitute quarter of the town. Here La Costa) thinks the mortality of the island Mr. Eastman teaches a school, and has about not higher than that of Paris. It is certain ninety scholars. He receives from the £50 that a respectable Scotch insurance office has granted by the Friends £25, and has in addition effected large insurances on lives in Port of the children's pence-together a very poor Spain at an additional premium of only two salary for this place. This school is very well per cent. The comparative mortality of Port managed, and cloes him much credit. The of Spain and London is at all events satis- chapel is on freehold ground (large enough to factory, as it is taken from actual returns. allow of a residence being added), and cost With due care, I repeat. It is necessary to about £100, of which the Society has given avoid intoxicating drinks, and heavy rain, and £50. Friends on the spot have raised the exposure to the sun. No missionary with rest. more than one station can do without a horse; The other chapel is at Cocorite, about three and at each station he ought to have a supply miles from Port of Spain, close to the sea, and of clothes and of nourishing food, in fact, a in the midst of a considerable population. little home.
The place is just finished, at a cost of 320 The expense of living is of course heavy. dollars (£65). The friends here will probAll house property is very perishable, and the ably contribute about £30, and our brethren enterprise of the people is so small, that rents will provide for the rest out of the grant are enormously high. Indeed, five years' allowed by the Society for Trinidad. We rent will often purchase the property. Wash- opened the chapel on Sunday morning last, ing is very expensive, and where clothes are and had (at hall-past eight) a congregation of washed in the usual way, at the river by about forty or filty persons. The ground is beating them on large stones, it is very de- held (like all the land in that neighbourhood) structive. Mutton is one shilling a pound; of the government, at a rental of one dollar. yams, milk, bread, and most other things, It is as good (with the exception of this payequally dear. Some thing (as coffee) are ment) as freehold, and is large enough for a cheap, but, on the whole, a dollar (4s. 2d.) small house and garden. will not go further than two shillings at home. In Port of Spain there are two schools ; The want of small coinage is one renson; 1 fl. one on the mission premises, with about thirty is their lowest denomination of value. The children, and the other at Garcia's Barracks, expense of carriage from the
or from a destitute district, with thirty-six children. England, is another reason : the indifference The first is under the care of a Catholic and want of enterprise of the people explains teacher, otherwise suitable, who has a dollar the rest. These evils, however, will all give a month and the children's pence; and the way before the general improvement of the second under the care of one of our friends, island.
who has a dollar a week. We have two groups of stations in Trinidad. The labours of Mr. Law in these stations
are very abundant. Every Sunday he whom Mr. Cowen has engaged as a preacher preaches at Dry River at six, at Cocorile at and teacher. He gives him about £12 a half-past eight, in the mission chapel at eleven, year. Under his care the people have built a at Dry River at three, and again in the mis. j very neat cedar chapel, at a cost of more than sion chapel at seven in the evening. The £100, and are about placing it in trust for the first four evenings of the week are similarly Society. The whole settlement is in the occupied, and the day in school visiting and midst of the bush, and contains some hundreds other labours. His salary is £200 a year, of people, most of whom are favourably disand £50 for the keep of his horse. The posed to our views. Mr. Hamilton teaches balance of his share of the grant of £600 a his school in the chapel, and has (during the year is devoted to the obtaining of mission wet season) about fifteen children. He also premises, repairs, &c. The number of mem- preaches on Sunday and in the week at a bers under bis care is now fifteen, several neighbouring station. Mr. Cowen visits all having gone to America.
these stations, and a fourth near "the MisAt Indian Walk, The Mission, and Mont-sion,” as often as the weather will allow. serrat, Mr. Cowen has been labouring with We had fixed a meeting for the following much self-denial for the last twelve months. morning, but the rain was too heavy to allow These stations are about wenty miles south the people to leave their houses. Three inof Port of Spain, and are four in all, each quirers visited Mr. Cowen, with two of whom several miles distant from the other. To under- we were well satisfied. In the afternoon we stand the nature of a missionary's labour in this returned to San Fernando. Before leaving, district it ought to be premised that in Trini- Mr. Hamilton strongly urged that he should dad the roads are generally without stones, be allowed a mule and a small increase to liis and made (if such a term may be employed) salary. He ergoged to support the mule for of the land. They are a thick, tenacious the Society, if we would purchase one; and loam, very hard in the dry season, but during I promised to represent his application for it the rainy season, or from June to Novem- in a favourable light. He really needs and ber, nearly impassable. Your horse sinks to deserves it. Twelve pounds cannot be better the girths, while orerhead the rain descends employed. The question of an increase of in torrents. Three days' riding we had among his salary (I told bim) must depend on our these stations, and each day we were “mud- obtaining a larger grant from "The Friends;" del completely through," and had to change and that again would probably depend, in part our clothes at the end of each journey. No at least, on his success. He is a hearty, conone who has never seen a tropical rain and sistent man, and has been of considerable tropical soils, and tropical vegetation, can service to our cause. conceive of tropical roads in the rainy season. The history of each of these stations abounds All is dark above, dripping around, and bog with providential interpositions, the remembelow.
brance of which is highly consolatory to our In this district we have two chapels and brethren. two preaching stations. At Montserrat During my visit I waited twice on the (about twelve miles from San Fernando) Mr. governor : first, as a mark of respect, usual Cowen has obtained a gift of land from the in new comers; and then with Mr. Cowen, to people, has cleared it, and, with their help, press upon his lordship our title to the land erected a chapel of cedar, with a missionary's on which the country chapels are built. His residence, that is, a small room and shed for lordship gave us every reason to hope that the cooking, attached to it. It is worth about result would be satisfactory. We also waited £100, and he needs about £20 or £30 to pay on Mr. Chief Justice Scotland and other for nails and such other thiogs as the people friends, including the Secession and Wesleyan cannot supply. Here we stopped all night, missionaries. I preached for the former, and one occupying the hammock and the other regretted that, owing to the services on behalf two the floor, thankful, with Wesley, that the of our mission for which we had arranged, I skin of one side remained! The next morn was not able to meet the members of their ing we met the people, explained how far we churches on the second sabbath. expected their belp in meeting the expenses of their worship, in supporting their pastor, and To make our missionary arrangements in in aiding the Society. They were very kind Trinidad complete several things are wanting. and hospitable. For some time Mr. Cowen 1. We need two or three good teachers, resided in one of their huts, a dwelling most qualified to preach, such as Jamaica ought to like an Irish cabin.
supply. Cocorite needs one, and Montserrat In the afternoon we rode (through the rain) another. These, superintended by a European twelve miles to Indian Walk, where there is missionary, would prove very useful. a considerable settlement of Americans, many 2. The teachers now employed are all of whom were slaves in the southern states, underpaid. The grant of £50 from the and carried off by the British in the American Society of Friends, if made £100, would corwar. Here we were received and entertained rect this evil; and if made £150 would go by Mr. Hamilton, an intelligent black man far to support the Jamaica teachers too. A