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must sooner or later take possession of it, what can be done ? there seems at present to therefore none of us must despond, but must be no help for the evil. go on labouring. A necessity is laid on you I am happy to say that I have had much to belp with your prayers and money. pleasure and comfort in our labours this year. The missionaries and churches must be sup- The people have been very attentive to the ported, or how can the cause prosper ! As to preaching of the gospel, and are eager in the churches being self-supporting yet is out receiving tracts and scriptures, The melas and of the question; the members are too few and other places have as usual been visited by the too poor to do anything of the kind yet : the native preachers. I am sorry to say that I time is not come, and I fear is far off. There have not been able to do it myself, as usual, are but few churches at present which the for want of journeying expenses. I am also missionaries themselves are not obliged to happy to say that the Lord has in his goodsupport, which is a great drawback; but ness added åve by baptism to our number.
To those among our readers who are inclined to think that the demands made upon them for contributions are too urgent or too numerous, and to complain that the conductors of the mission are insatiable, we commend the perusal of the following letter, addressed by Mr. Lawrence to a member of the Committee. It it dated November 2, 1846:
I am truly grieved to hear of the debt Does the acquiring of an oriental language which still burdens and hampers the Society, frighten some? This surely cannot deter and am distressed that no suitable men can men of talent and zeal. Whatever may be be found willing to devote themselves to the the cause, it is a very painful thing to those Lord's work in this country. How is it? who have been long engaged in the work What can be the reason ? Has the missionary here, and who feel deeply interested in its spirit declined in our churches ? Is it possible prosperity, that whilst our senior and most that in the nearly two thousand baptist valued brethren are removed from us by churches which there are in Great Britain, death, none are found ready to come forward there cannot be found men of sufficient and fill up their places. ability, piety, zeal, and courage to come to Our mission has hitherto taken the lead in India if this be the case, is it not a disgrace respect to time, to talent, and, I believe also, to our denomination? But it cannot be so. in respect to numbers ; but unless we are There must be many well qualified men in supplied with more suitable men we shall the rising ministry who are not cowards, but become the weakest of all. Several who are Who are kept back by other considerations. now in the field are old and infirm, and must, In almost all worldly professions the supply therefore, according to the course of things, of Europeans is abundant, and is increasing be soon removed to their rest. When they every year. Other societies appear to have are gone, who will take their places ? Several no difficulty in finding men. What can of our stations are occupied by a single cause baptist ministers to be so backward in European missionary only, and if he were to this great work? Has the interest of the be removed, as far as we can see, his station Committee in their eastern mission declined? would have to be given up. Thus a burnor have their attention and care been absorbed ing and shining light” would be extinguished in providing for other spheres of labour ? from the midst of the grossest darkness, and Do they feel disappointed and somewhat dis- the poor heathen in the neighbourhood would hearteded because there is not more success ? be left to perish without a warning voice, the I will not lay these charges upon them, but I church of native converts would most probably fear that the cause of such a paucity of la- be scattered, and the good that had been done bourers for the east must lie in some measure there would, most likely, soon disappear. Our # their door. There is evidently a great native converts, like the native soldiers, the fault somewhere. I cannot help thinking sipahis, can do nothing without Europeans to that if all had been done that might have direct and encourage them. Under an efficient been done, India would have been favoured European missionary they will do a great with at least a few more baptist missionaries. deal, and very much that no European can Are our people generally dissatisfied with the do, but when left to themselves they are measure of success attending our labours in generally the most helpless beings imaginable. India ? Do any feel objections to engage in They have not the courage, the firmness, and missionary work on account of the smallness the perseverance necessary to commence and of the provision made for widows and children? sustain a new and difficult undertaking, or to
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extricate themselves when they get into tianity would be left. But if our native controuble. Hence they cannot be trusted alone verts continue to be well supported by Eu, in any important business, whether secular or ropean intelligence, piety, and energy, I religious. There are, of course, some pleasing believe much will be effected in the next exceptions ; but this is their general character. quarter of a century. A great impression has It is said by those who were on the spot, and been produced on the native mind by the had opportunities of judging, that if there had preaching of the gospel, and a great change been none but native troops engaged in our in favour of the truih may be expected if late conflicts with the Seiks, we should cer. missionary efforts be well sustained. But if tainly have been beaten and cut to pieces, old stations are to be given up because and devastation might have been spread over European brethren cannot be found willing half British India by this time, but being to come and occupy them, there is but little encouraged by the valour of British troops, hope that the gospel will spread in this the native soldiers fought well and were country, or that the work of conversion will successful. And I believe that if all the go on faster than it has done. I long, thereEuropean missionaries were to remove from fore, to hear of more missionaries being on the country, and leave the native converts to their way from England, and beg of you and themselves, in the next generation very little others to use all your influence to send more if any thing more than the name of Chris. ' labourers to India.
Encouraging remarks respecting some native converts and their exertions for the spiritual interests of their countrymen are contained in another part of the same letter.
You inquire respecting a youth whose teacher or founder. The followers of this name is Gouree, who was an outcast, whom sect profes3 to renounce the worship of idols, I found in destitute circumstances, and brahmins, &c., and only to reverence one brought up. He became pious, and was supreme spirit, whom ihey call Narayan. baptized, and joined the church about two or They believe that their founder was an incarthree years ago. He is still with me, and I nation of this spirit. They also pay no regard have had no reason to doubt his sincerity, to caste among themselves in private, though Hitherto his conduct has been consistent. to keep their standing in society they are He has been regularly employed as a teacher obliged to conform outwardly to the custoins in one of our day schools. He has talent of the country. They also hold the vile docenough to make a good native preacher, but trine that the established relations in the family like most of his countrymen, he is deficient in and in society are nothing, and ought not to energy and zeal. Another convert who joined be regarded. In this respect they are someus at Digha, whose name is Baldeo, is also thing like the Socialists. We generally find still living with us. He has a great desire to these people more accessible than the thorough become a preacher, and has much more Hindus. . They are always ready to join in energy than the other, but has inferior what we advance against idol worship, caste, abilities. Our native brother, Nainsukh, is &c. They are, however, as opposed to Christ an admirable man. If all our native converts as any of the Hindus. I am thankful in say. were like him we should stand in much less ing that we expect to baptize two or three need of European aid. His whole soul is in before the close of the year. They have all the Lord's work. He is never so happy as been waiting a long time, and as we are when engaged in making known the gospel to satisfied with them, I hope they will be rehis countrymen. Our last convert, Tika Das, ceived without further delay. We are now came from a distance. It appeared to be completing our arrangements for going out, desirable that he should visit his wife and as usual, during the approaching cold season. family, &c., but he was afraid to go alone Mr. Hurtee has gone to the mela at Hajipore, lest they should ill treat him, as they no opposite to Patna, and I expect that Nainsukh doubt would do. Nainsukh offered to go will visit another mela near to the village with him. Tika's fears vanished at once; he where Tika Das lived. We have had a very was ready to go any where with Nainsukh. favourable rainy season, and the weather is They are now absent on this journey ; how getting very comfortable, and comparatively they have been received we have not yet cool for India. We are now beginning to heard. Nainsukh's chief motive in offering put our gardens in order, clearing them from to go was that he might have an opportunity the weeds which grow in boundless profusion of preaching the gospel in the village of this during the rains. Myself and children are convert, especially to the sect of which Tika well, but my dear wife does not know what Das was formerly a member. The sect is it is to enjoy a day's health. called Siu Narayan, from the name of their
Mr. Heinig, a native of Germany who laboured for some time at Patna in connexion with the Society, is now located at Chunar, near Benares, whence he writes, November 9th, as follows:
I am happy to inform you that here is a teacher, informing him that the sahib was very larze sphere for missionary labour : the coming. One motive in my going there on people listen very attentively not only in the this evening was to purchase some thick city of Chunar, but also in the surrounding matting for one of my schools. When the villages, which I visit as often as possible. little boys knew my intention, they conducted Since the death of Mr. Bowley this station me to the shop where it was to be purchased, bas been much neglected, and I very much which, when I had bought it, they almost feared, as they had been so long without a disputed amongst themselves who should carry missionary, I should have met with much it to my conveyance. After settling this Í insult and opposition when preaching amongst commenced preaching amongst them, and had them, but I am happy to say it has proved an immense crowd, who listened attentively. quite contrary, for I have had not only much the parents, as well as the children, then pleasure in preaching to the people, but num- entreated me to take the school management bers of natives have visited me daily to con- into my bands, to send them books, and proverse and argue upon the truths of religion. mised ihat they would diligently learn them.
I have often wished, dear sir, that I could I was therefore compelled to accede to their transport some of our English friends to wit- request. Perhaps it would be as well to in. ness the eagerness of the children begging form you that almost all my schools answer and entreating me to open schools in all for preaching places, as most of the bazar directions. I really did not know how to streets are so narrow that unless I had a act, for you will easily imagine that it must place to stand in, I should not be able to get be very heartrending to a missionary to be a congregation, and all these places are obliged to refuse the entreaties of these poor obliged to be hired monthly. The expenses beathen children, when we know that they connected with the schools I have already wish to learn to read our books, and par- established amount to thirty rupees per month. ticularly the scriptures. Under these circum I had hoped that the church, together with stances I immediately wrote to Mr. Small, the inhabitants of Chunar, would have been and be advised me by all means to commence able to have supported these schools, but at schools immediately, and leave the event with the church meeting, which was held soon the Lord; he also sent me twenty rupees to after my arrival, I found that the most they commence with, as this was my only barrier, could raise for missionary purposes is five the want of money. Since that time I have rupees per month ; in addition to this, they written letters and circulars, and sent them have to keep the chapels lighted and repaired. in all directions. I have met with a little In order, dear sir, that you may not be encouragement from some, but the majority misled in regard to this people, 'I would has refused giving any assistance. I think it inform you that, though they are very zealous arises in a great measure from its being a and devoted, they are very poor as to tembaptist cause. Acting upon Mr. Small's poral things. The church chiefly consists of advice, I bave established five schools, one aged invalid soldiers, and what they are English, one Persian, and one Hindi, in the allowed is only a scanty subsistence, and I city. The latter numbers between fifty and can assure you they are obliged to exercise a sixty boys ; one Hindi, near my dwelling, in great deal of self-denial in order to subscribe number about forty, and one Hindi in a vil- the sum I have mentioned to you, lage called Taamulganj, a short distance out On sabbath morning early I preach in of Chunar, consisting also of from forty to fifty English at the chapel in the lower barracks; children regularly attending it. I did not then I have another service in Hindustani ai intend at present to establish a school in this the house of one of the deacons at ten o'clock, place, as the little sum I had collected came and in the evening I again preach in the far short of the monthly expenditure of the above-mentioned chapel in Hindustani. Our schools I had already established, but the week-day services are on Wednesday evenings Earnest solicitations of the children I could no in the fort, and on Thursdays in the lower longer resist. The first time I visited them barracks, when Mr. Wilks and I take these they made me partly promise that they should services alternately. There are also prayer have a school, but when going to them the meetings amongst the members on Friday second time there was no refusing, for long evenings at their own houses, where several before I approached the village they saw me members meet together. The rest of my time descending a steep hill, with which Chunar is occupied in preaching to the heathen and abounds, and immediutely they ran to their visiting the schools, and I can assure you,
dear sir, I greatly need a native assistant. I occupied that I am generally obliged to sit up do hope the Lord will soon raise some one up till a very late hour to get at all through my from amongst this people that will be fully work, especially as I am now in the midst of qualified for the work, for my time is so fully translating a book into Hindustani.
At this station Mrs. Davies is pursuing her plans for the education of females, in e manner that promises beneficial results, though embarrassed in some degree by the non-reception of aid which she had had reason to expect from a society in this country. From some friends, however, she has received help, and others will probably feel pleasure in rendering their assistance. Mr. Davies writes, December 16, 1846 :
Mr. Daniel's tablet was put in its place last cles in the way of our native helpers, and week. I took occasion from the circumstance especially by taking advantage of the present on Sunday last to recall to the memory of the marriage law to persuade the people that we people the self-denying labours of that most are unauthorized teachers, and that they candevoted man. Some repairs and alterations not get the benefit of marriage or registration were made at the same time in the chapel, by attending our ministry. The nuisance the expenses of which the congregation volun- has become so great of late, that I have been tarily engaged to pay. I have had very many induced to wait upon the governor and others instances of encouragement among this people, in authority, to make strong representations though not many instances of decided con- of the disadvantages under which we labour version. We greatly need divine influence in this respect. in every department of the field; and may I believe we shall now get a full redress as holiness, faith, and prayer prepare us for it! far as it affects the natives; but I fear but
Some of our native churches are very much little will be gained at present respecting harassed and discouraged by the bishop's Europeans and Burghers, which was the catechist, who in various ways throws obsta- main object of the memorial sent home.
Mr. Dawson is now settled at Matura. Mr. Allen has been ill, but has nearly recovered, though suffering from wounds in the legs brought on by the disease. Cholera was still making havoc in the congregation when he wrote on the 14th of December,
The uncertainty and irregularity of communication between our friends in this district and ourselves, renders the transaction of necessary business with them difficult and perplexing, and makes it impossible to furnish our readers with continuous information in a satisfactory form. Of this we have an illustration at the very time of writing, a long letter having arrived, which was sent by Mr. Clarke in May last, three or four months before some which were printed in our number
for January. Our most recent information now is contained in a letter from Dr. Prince, dated Clarence, 16th November, 1846. He says :
On Wednesday, the 28th ult., while our to have interviews with me every week. I brethren were visiting here, I united two have been confined a week by the bite of a males and seven females to our church by venomous insect; the consequences have been baptism: all but two or three were known to erythematous inflammation of the skin and have been intended for it by brother Sturgeon. lymphatic vessels of great extent and intensity. Esch of my brethren took part in the services Duckett improves : his infant is likely to die. of the day. More than forty inquirers seek | Mrs. Newbegin is quite poorly.
We have received also a letter from the church at Clarence, signed on its behalf by the deacons, written soon after the decease of Mr. Sturgeon, and occasioned by that event. Our readers will be pleased to see the spirit it evinces.
We, the church of Christ at Clarence, and our guide, to teach us in our houses, and salute you with grace and peace from God in all things to be one with us, we ask you the Father and our Lord Jesus Christ; and now to send us one like him to take his place. though we are strangers to you, thank God We have inquired if dear Mr. Sturgeon has a that we are friends in Christ Jesus, being one brother, and we are told not one who is a in spirit. It is with the deepest sorrow we minister, and so, dear sir, we leave this matter write to tell you of our loss in the removal by to you, praying that the same merciful and death of our beloved pastor (Rev. T. Sturgeon). loving God who raised up and inclined you He departed this life August 13th, 1846, at to send our former much loved teacher, will balf-past eleven, P.m., and our loss we cannot again direct one who shall be thus useful, and express. Only we who know his worth can shall carry on the work of the Lord in this feel it, and we cannot speak our feelings. We place, who shall continue to care for us and dearly loved him, and did he not love us ? our children. We have much we should like Ob, yes; his constant labours for and kind- to say; we feel very much, but know not ness to us proved this, and often has he said what words to use. We can never express he hoped to labour among us till grey hairs our gratitude to God sufficiently that we have came upon him. He, with his dear and now so long enjoyed the labours of such a faithful much afflicted partner, suffered much from servant of God, and now that he has received this climate, but he never thought of leaving his reward, we hope another will think of us, us. He was willing to suffer to teach us poor that we may not continue as sheep without a Africans the way to eternal life, and in his shepherd. We do rejoice to tell you that dear last moments the advice he gave us was the Mrs. Sturgeon, in her deep distress, enjoys same thing he always said: to love one the truth of that word, " As thy day, so thy another. We are only able to bear our loss strength shall be,” and is comforted of God. knowing it was the will of God, who doeth We do pray for her, and hope all the Chrisall things well, to take him to himself. And tians in England will do so too. We have now, dear sir, we write to you to ask you to asked Dr. Prince to help us, and he is quite think of us in our distress; and while we thank willing to do all that his other duties will and bless our God that he put in your hearts allow him till some one come to be our to send our late beloved pastor to be over us pastor. in the Lord, to be our friend, our counsellor,
The baptist church at Graham's Town, as many of our readers are aware, is an independent society, with which our mission has never had any other direct connexion than that which arises from our having had opportunity to perform for it some friendly offices, and having received from it repeated contributions. A remittance amounting to more than fifty pounds has recently been received, the value of which is enhanced by the fact, that through the recent invasion of the colony by the Kaffirs, the ability of our friends there to aid our undertakings