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God. We may not listen without the would “ gather up the fragments that most reverent awe. If we were with nothing may be lost:" yet man must Moses in the cleft of the rock while the live by "every word of God." There is divine glory passed by, we should not no superfluity in the divine bounty. He be really more in the presence of the is deficient who neglects any part of it. infinite Majesty, than when we take our We give emphasis and prominence to a bibles into our hands. God is in his particular truth or duty, and assume word. It is the designed and avowed that this is to be regarded above all embodiment of himself. By this he others; but perhaps we could assign no comes into contact with us, and operates reason for the preference, except our upon us.

His truth, justice, holiness, inclinations. Different parties hold a and love, are all here, at once in infinite system of truth and duty. Their main fulness and gracious adaptation to us. anxiety is to prove that they have the It is wisdom for our ignorance, strength suction of the scriptures. They make for our weakness, holiness for our de- their creed, and then repair to the dipravity, and joy for our sorrows. Do we vine word to have it confirmed. They ever regard it as we ought ? Has it ever are sometimes induced to wring from it found in any one half so inuch as it desires a reluctant consent, or carry away the of eager attention, of adoring gratitude, faintest intimation of a general prinof unquestioning confidence, and holy ciple, as a special decision in their falove ? To have our minds and hearts vour. They regard the bible, not as a adjusted to perfect coincidence with it, judge to decide all cases impartially, is one of the hardest yet most blissful but as a counsellor who may be tutored processes of Christian experience. To to plead for their own. But the word feel, as every word falls on the ear, he of God is supreme and final. This is whó disobeys this sins, he who disbelieves one of its most glorious attributes, that this “makes God a liar," but he who it is certainly true. Where this speaks, follows this direction will never go speculation must cease and controversy wrong, and he who trusts this promise must be quiet. We know “the cershall never be disappointed, is necessary tainty of the words of truth,” and by to prevent us from dishonouring the faith enter into rest. And this characword of God, and to enable us to derive ter distinguishes all that the scriptures from it the blessings it provides. We do contain. Every part is very precious. not, indeed, absolutely forget or deny Men are not indifferent to the smallest this, but we do not feel it as we ought"; ! fragment of the diamond, and sand or for if we did the fruits of it in our lives dust is not thrown away if it contains a would be more abundant and satis- grain of gold. But this is " more prefactory. We pity the soul-prostration, cious than gold ; yea, than much fine the simple faith, and the painful sub- gold.” We have not learned to appreinissiveness of superstitious persons to ciate the scriptures rightly, till every the commands and the pretensions of part is felt to be of incalculable value, their priests ; but we ought to be in and deserving the sacrifice of prejudice, relation to truth, what they are in re- passion, party, and ocular interests too. lation to falsehood, and when we are, our Nor is there any reason which may be bibles will not be so much neglected, nor urged for slighting one part, which may resorted to with so little interest or not, under some modifications, be urged

in relation to another; if, in the baII. All scripture is of God ; there are lance of one man's reason, this doctrine two propositions which we may place be light, that may be lighter still in the before our minds. The bible only is esteem of his neighbour. The human cur religion, or, our religion compre- mind is thus made the standard of hends the whole of the bible. The lat- truth, and every man becomes a pope ter is most important, and ought to be for himself. We are thrown back, at most thought of, but it does not seem least to all the uncertainiy of a carnal to be very earnestly heeded. Men com- philosophy, and if we feel after God," monly appear more anxious to repel it is, if laply we may find him. We what is not scriptural, than to embrace shrink from the condition ; we cannot what is. They refuse the poison, and readily forego the advantages of our diwisely, but they are indifferent about vine inheritance. Then let us appreci“the true bread ;” at least they mani- ate and improve it, receiving the word fest but little of that carefulness which “ with meekness." With the trustful





pp. 36.

and eager instincts of an infant, let us who indulges a worldly spirit and a sindesire the sincere milk of the word. ful life will make no proficiency in acGod, whose infinite love has made the quainting himself with the things of provision, knows also what we need ; let God. * In thy light we shall see light.” us accept with joyful gratitude all he We must look at things from the same imparts.

point, and with the same feelings as III. We must implore and cherish God himself, or we shall not survey the Spirit of Him from whom the word them with success; but when we are has come. The great Teacher has de- filled with the Spirit, when holiness and clared, The words that I speak unto | love are the law of our life; when we you they are spirit, and they are life.” thus dwell in God and God in us, we The bible is proved indeed to be from shall not only understand his meanGod, by the historical evidence of its ing, but we shall feel his power; our miraculous importation. This is the thoughts, feelings, volitions, and actions, primary foundation of its appeal to will be one. We may thus turn our

But the ultimate and most co- studies into prayers; and, taking our gent proof of its divinity is found in its bibles in our hands, say, “ Open thou moral nature. On this alone can the our eyes, and we shall behold wondrous heart fully repose ; and by this alone things out of thy law.” can the life be guided and sanctified. In doing the will we know the doctrine of God. The carnal man

The Influence of Literary Pursuits on the ceiveth not the things of the Spirit ;

Christian Ministry: an Address to Theothose only who have been born again

logical Students. By William Jones. can say, “ He hath revealed them to

London : Jackson and Walford. 8vo. us." How faint and inflectual the convictions produced by the most elaborate investigations of Lardner and Paley ! This discourse has been published by They speak indeed, but the tempest is request, after being delivered first to the not hushed, no demon is expelled, no students in Bristol and then recently to life awakes in the sepulchre. But let those in Stepney. The request for publi“ the truth as it is in Jesus” fasten on cation will in this instance be generally the conscience ; let it be a light within, approred; at least we deem the address to reveal what the man always was but eminently worthy of attention from all never knew ; let it be the life of his spi- educated ministers and the supporters of rit, bringing him to his knees with a our colleges. broken humbled heart, and filling him. The author's main object is to notice by turns with surprise at God's amazing the adverse influences of literary purgoodness, with gentle submissiveness suits, and to show how they must be before his majesty, and hopeful gladness counteracted. It would be idle to deny at the thought of his mercy, and he will the reality of the evils which he avers to doubt no more. His heart will be full ; exist, and few will question the soundhe can take his place with the elect; ness of his warnings and counsels or infinite love within enables them all to ' his views of the remedy. The most say, " We know that we are of God.” striking part, displaying most the But for this we must be much in prayer; author's originality and power of diswe must walk with God. Those who re- crimination, consists in an elaborate pair to him seldom have always to re- comparison between puritan preaching peat the same lesson, and that the most and that of the present day, showing elementary in the doctrine of Christ; to wherein the former excelled and why. those who are always with him, he im- In accounting for the superiority of the parts the fulness of his truth. Faith puritan ministers in point of evangelical must be simple and love fervent, and fulness and unction, he justly lays the docility alike cager and acquiescent. 'chief stress on their deep and devout

The incek will he guide in juugment; study of the scriptures, which caused the meek will he teach his way: Suc- the truth of God to dwell in them richly cuss in prayer and in Christian learning in all wisdom. On this interesting subseems to be regulated by the same law. ject we transcribe one paragraph for the The psalmist says, “ If I regard ini- profit of our readers, many of whom will quity in my heart, the Lord will not doubtless feel impelled to secure a copy hear me.” It is equally certain, that he' of the discourse.

“Whence, it may be asked, this prevalence, they were excursions. Their home and resting. or exclusive presence of theological truth ? place was theology. Public events there were Why this crowding of thoughts, all emitted that broke in upon their seclusion ; but they from the sacred page, into their compositions ? were events that threw their thoughts still more Why did not the laws of association mingle intently on the evangelical themes of their more freely then, as now, foreign references, office. They heard the clash of arms. They with which to adorn, illustrate, or exemplify beheld their country covered with encampments. divine truth, but at the hazard of diluting the The battle-cry rung upon their ears, and their material, in respect of its diviner element? The brethren lay bleeding or dead at Edgehill, or reason is not to be found in the devouter tone Marston-moor. They beheld, those authors of of that age-at least not wholly, for equally devoutest strain did, the ravages of pestilence devout men live now, who cannot however rival and death ; woke often at midnight to listen to the solidity and richness of their predecessors. the passing cart which bore their neighbours to The source of the difference is to be found, in the pit of sepulturc, or were called up to appease great part, in the studies of those times, or the ravings of guilt and despair. They beheld rather the reading, as compared with that of the the flame which laid their goodly city in ashes. present day. They read then theology in all / They beheld the re-establishment of the Stuart languages; some history, which was then in dynasty. They bebeld, too, the interior of English literature a scanty collection. They prisons and dungeons. They felt the chain. read also the ancient classics, some more, some They pined in hunger. They became familiar less. But their chief reading was theology. with the safest recesses of concealment, or the Experimental philosophy was then in its in most secluded nooks in the forest, or by the fancy. A number of distinct sciences were stream, for dispensing at midnight to a few of then unborn. Bacon had written ; Boyle was their scattered focks the word of life. They busy collecting facts ; but Newton had not were summoned to leave their studies for all demonstrated the laws of the heavens, of the 'this; but you will own with me that if the word tides, of light. Geology had

of God dwelt in them richly in all wisdom, it Chemistry had no reputation and no language. was now. Their home was theological truth."Natural history and botany were in the germ. Pp. 22, 23. Locke had not spread open the page of mental Cordially uniting with Mr. Jones in science. The oratory of parliament had not his prayer that the objects of his solicithe myriad wings of the press to convey it tude may come forth from their preparaabroad. The authorship in history, which must tory studies, furnished with all the now be read, was not then. And last, not least, requisite aids for understanding the the enormous mass of periodical writing, which sacred oracles, and mighty in the faith none can wholly neglect without imputation of and fulness of divine truth itself, we ignorance, or largely consult without waste of unite with him also in the encouraging time, poured not its shoals each day, and week, assurance which he adds :-“You will and month, at the feet of our ancestors. The have, then, nothing to apprehend from men of those times spent much of their time the progress of human intelligence, noover a few select authors in their study. They thing to dread from infidelity, or the read, and meditated; but their chief reading lay fantastic attractions of superstition. The in the seriptures in the original languages, and simplicity of the gospel, wielded in in the profoundest theological writings of every dependence on the Spirit, is a match for age. If they made excursions to other studies, them all.”




Patristic Evenings. By John Birt, Author of the title-page for the critic to stumble at.

A Summary of the History and Principles Patristic Evenings : what can these be ? “The of Popery." London : royal 12mo. pp. 337. reader is entreated, of his courtesy, to allow Price 6s.

that the following pages represent conversations

of a few persons who occasionally meet for A brief notice of this work we have no ohjec mutual improvement in friendship and knowtion to give, but we are not inclined to attempt ledge; and to consent that these Evenings anything more. Whatever might be the primary shall be called Patristic, because there is in motive of the author in publishing it, we ure them much mention of fathers, both ecclesiastiquite sure that it was not to furnish an casy cal and lay." Thougu we do not understand exercise in the art of reviewing. First, there is very clearly what this means, the appeal to our

pp. 90.

courtesy secures acquiescence; but then we four feet by two and a-half in size, contains the find conversations without interlocutors, and two hemispheres, and three or four important dialogues in which we cannot divine who is portions on a larger scale. The names of counspeaking. Never mind: the book is entertain- tries and principal cities are given, missionary ing and instructive. It is a miscellany, of stations being distinguished from other places anecdotes, criticisms, and observations, original by peculiarity of type. An attempt is made and selected, on all sorts of subjects, but chiefly also to display the religious state of different relating to theology and theologians. It is nations by diversified colouring. The Guide evidently the work of a man of good sense and Book, or Key, is a highly respectable volume, humourous taste, whose religious principles are comprising much general information respecting sound, and whose reading bas been very exten- | the different regions of the earth and their sive. He has apparently delighted in the inhabitants, with notices of efforts that have perusal of uncommon books, and has been been made for their spiritual welfare. It has accustomed to note down things deserving of evidently been the intention of the compiler to record, and original thoughts to which they deal fairly by the different denominations of gave rise. We suppose that having pursued protestants and the societies they support. this course many years, he at length determined to lay before others what it had afforded him great A Voice from China and India, relative to the pleasure to collect, and that hence we are pre

Evils of the Cultivation and Smuggling of sented with this publication. The latter part of

Opium: in Four Letters to the Right Hon. it contains much criticism on the epistle to the

Lord John Russell, First Lord of Her Hebrews, which is anything but common place, and wbich we have not had opportunity to

Majesty's Treasury. By James Peggs,

late Missionary at Cuttack, Orissa ; Author examine with sufficient care to render it desir

of " India's Cry to British Humanity,&c. able to pronounce judgment on its merits; but the two hundred pages which are of a more

&c. London: Harvey and Darton. 8vo. miscellaneous character will undoubtedly be acceptable to large classes of readers. Young Having been led by peculiar circumstances people of literary habits, especially, will find in some years ago to study the subject thoroughly, ibis volume much to interest them and enlarge and baving had access to the very best sources their knowledge. We hope that some passages of information, we feel ourselves at liberty to which we have marked for future quotation will say, without hesitation, that the statements of justify this opinion.

this pamphlet may be received with implicit

confidence. We can vouch even for details; The Protestant Missionary Map of the World: for Mr. Peggs has availed himself so freely of

coloured to show the Prevailing State of our own productions that we can trace in most Religion in the Several Countries : and con cases the authority on which his assertions taining all the Stations mentioned in The rest, and call to mind laborious processes by Missionary Guide Book.London: Price which the conclusions were attained. “I could (with the book) 10s. 6d.

not have presumed to discuss this subject,” he The Missionary Guide Book ; or, A Key to the says, “ but for some valuable information which

Protestant Alissionary Map of the World; has unexpectedly fallen in my way, viz., the showing the Geography, Natural History, replies from several residents in India to Climate, Population, and Government of the

numerous queries on the cultivation of opium ; Several Countries to which Missionary Efforts Collection of Chinese State Papers,' translated

and particularly • Portfolio_Chinensis, or a have been directed : with the Moral, Social, and Religious Condition of their Inhabitants. | by the Rev. J. Lewis Shuck, American misAlso, the Rise and Progress of Missionary sionary in China." How these good things fell Operations in each Country. Nlustrated by in his way he does not tell, and Lord John Forty-five Woodcuts, representing the Costume

Russell probably would not care to know; but of each people. London: 8vo. pp. 472.

it may interest some of our readers if we say

that the loan of the Portfolio Chinensis we The study of geography may now be advan- obtained for him, and the replies were replies tageously blended wiih reference to those which we received to letters that were written enterprises which have originated in Christian by the same band as now writes this notice. zeal.' The missionary efforts of different deno- On page 38 we find the following sentence :minations engaged in promulgating the gospel“ My lord, very recently a number of queries on are sufficiently numerous and diversified 'to the cultivation of opium in India were addressed render it possible to connect them, directly or to gentlemen in the districts where the opium indirectly, with every habitable region of the is grown, and it is presumed that an epitome of earth. It is desirable that education should be their replies will afford a view of the whole case systematically conducted with this design; for, more precise and comprehensive than has to say nothing of higher objects, if young people hitherto been laid before any portion of the are to mingle with religious society, and to British public.” The words, “A view of the take part intelligently in its conversation, it is whole case, more precise and comprehensive necessary that they should have some acquaint than bas hitherto been laid before any portion ance with missionary geography in general, and of the British public,” are our own; and are the not merely with those portions of it that are commencement of a passage which we published brought under their notice by the publications some time ago-a passage which occupies of any one institution. Not doubting, then, seventeen of Mr. Peggs's pages, and which is that these works will have an extensive sale, given by him without addition, abridgment, we are bappy to be able to speak well of their alteration, inverted commas, or acknowledgexecution. The map, which is on canvas, about ment, unless it be an acknowledgment that at


pp. 168.

the end, on page 56, there is a foot-note saying, 1 literature and philosophy prescribed to candi“See Baptist Magazine, April, 1846.” Then dates for the ministerial office in the presbyterian comes a quotation from a pamphilet to which churches of his country. He entered the our name was prefixed; with which he gives " Relief Divinity Hall ” at Paisley in 1825. In the name, but without the title of the pamphlet. 1839 he was elected pastor of the Relief conNow we have two reasons for mentioning these gregation at Musselburgh, where he laboured trivial matters. The first is to assure with much success for more than six years. He friends that they may rely fully on the au was then “translated "t: Greenock, and conthenticity of the numerous quotations they find tinued pastor of the Relief church in that town in Mr. Peggs's pamphlet, as the greater part of till the period of his decease in 1845. From them we have seen in the books and documents the commencement till the close of his minise from which they are taken, and have even cited terial career, he was exceedingly popular. in publications which he has apparently done Regarding the cighteen sermous contained in us the honour to peruse. The second is to this volume as specimens of his ordinary preachsuggest to our friend Mr. Peggs, whose benevo- | ing, we are warranted in adding that his lence, disinterestedness, and industry are un popularity was deserved. They are full of questionable, that in his future works it may be evangelical truth, and are remarkable for desirable to take care that his acknowledgment simplicity of construction, beauty of diction, of the sources whence he has derived materials and chasteness of illustration. While the people be as ample and specific as previous labourers of his late charge will hail this work as an in the same field to whom he may be indebted interesting memorial of a faithful and heloved can desire. This may seem to be a punctilio pastor, all who peruse it will find in it a scarcely worth notice; but human nature being striking and lucid ex!iibition of the leading what it is, it may be well for him to accept the

doctrines of the Christian faith. hint. We cordially wish him success in his present undertaking. The cultivation of opium Memoir of the late Mrs. Ann JOHNSTONE, by the East India Company expressly for the Willow Park, Greenock. Second Edition. Chinese market is a monstrous evil, and the Edinburgh : Oliphant and Sons. 16mo. manner in which the Chinese government has been treated by Britain is an opprobrium to our late rulers, which though at present it is little Among the many means that might be thought of will be felt liereafter. This pamphlet recommended for the improvement of piety is a valuable compendium of information on a there are few more casily available, or of the subject which deserves the attention of all success of which we should be more sanguine, philanthropists and all statesmen.

than a frequent and prayerful perusal of well.

written biographies of eminent departed saints, Switzerland and the Swiss Churches ; being with some such we are happily supplied in the

Notes of a Short Tour, and Notices of the inspired volume. Many others might be Principal Religious Bodies in that Country. enumerated. The little work before us forms By William LINDSAY ALEXANDER, D.D., an interesting addition to their number. The F.S.A.S. Glasgow: Macklehose. 16mo. subject of this memoir was a member of the

church of Scotland. Occupying a somewliat

more elevated position in society than many of The religious condition of Switzerland has hier fellow-believers, she appears to have adorned becn for some years interes'ing though enveloped it with all the graces of the Christian character. in mystery. It has been evident that intidelity, Her piety was unaffected, glowing, uniform, Romanism, and true Christianity were there, as

practical. We have seldom witnessed a more in many other countries, in vigorous contest, and striking exhibition of the power of true religion that political struggles were also going forward

to support the mind amidst deep affliction, and whicli perplexed the case, and increased the especially of the resistless charm which it is difficulty to a foreigner of understanding it. calculated to throw around the bed of death, We cordially welcome therefore the report of a than is supplied in her experience. We urge gentleman so thoroughly worthy of credit as

our readers to obtain the book, being assured Dr. Alexander, who visited it in August and that no Coristian can rise from its perusal September, 1845, principally for the purpose of without being both pleased and profited. investigating its spiritual state, and who looked at the discordant scene with the eyes of an intelligent and liberal-minded congregitionalist. The Obligations of the World to the Bible: a In recommending the volume heartily to our

Series of Leciures to_Young Men. By readers we have no fear that any of them will

GARDINER SPRING, D.D., New York. hereafter reproach us with having induced them

Glasgow : Collins. 12mo. Pp. 320. to purchase a biok of small value. A few facts

The degree in which the world is indebted to derived from it will be found in our intelligence revelation for its knowledge of what is most department for thic present month.

conducive to its present welfare is very much

under-rated hy many of even the official ieachers Discourses, Doctrinal and Practical. By the of Christianity. Language, literature, legisla

late Rer. JAMES JEFFREY, Greeneck. With tion, civil liberty, social institutions,- every a Memoir of his Life. Edinburgh: Oliphant thing in fact which contributes to liuman happiand Sons. pp. 338.

ness in tbis life, as well as every thing tending Mr. Jeffrey was born at Falkirk in 1805. to the welfare of man in another state of existence, Haring entered the university of Glasgow in is shown in these lectures to have been cherished 1820, he prosecuted his studies without inter or created by the communications from heaven ruption till he completed the curriculum in which are recorded in the inspired volume,

pp. 334.

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