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. minions. . Its celebrity as a centre of the and which is the modern capital of the disBaptist Mission renders it supertluous to trict, is about 130 miles N.N.W. from Cal. allude to its bistory.

cutta. Missionaries

S Rev. W. H. Denham, Missionary ............ Rev. J. Williamson.
Rev. J. Robinson.

Three Native Preachers.
Six Native Preachers.

Present number of members, 31 ; of whom Present number of church members 99.

26 are patives. Sub-stations. Johnnagar, Barrackpore, Distribution, of scriptures, 978; of tracts, Barihat, Baddibatty. Simla, Pyarapore, Isbera, 3630. Mohesh, together with other villages in each Schools.- Two day-schools, one of them ap vicinity.

English school, both wholly supported by Schools.-Five for boys and three for girls, local contributions. Attendance, boys, 80; besides those connected with the college. girls, 10. These are native Christian girls,

With respect to our public services (say who attend the Bengali school. A few dative our brethren), the gospel has been regularly Christian children are boarded. preached at the Danish Church, Mission, and Mr. Williamson and his dative assistants, village chapels. Of our native congregations when at Suri, preach the gospel daily, and -two are at Serampore and one at Barrack- often twice a day, both there and in the pore, the latter conducted in the language of neighbouring places. They also visit several Upper India.

places at a distance. Two excluded members At the lowest computation, 17,000 tracts have been restored to Christian fellowship, have been put in circulation.

while two more have been added by letter,

and three by baptism, so that the church 2.-DUM-DUM.

comprises 33 members. Of the baptized, all The church at this place is small. The were not many years ago, in the grossest

durkness. congregation connected with it amounts to about fifty persons, 'and would probably be

5.-DINAJPUR. larger if the church enjoyed the ministry of a stated pastor. Two or three times every

Commenced in 1805. month, one service on the Lord's day has been

Dinajpur, the capital of the district of the conducted by one of the missionaries at Cal- same name, is situated about 260 miles north cutta or Serampore.

of Calcutta. Population, about 20,000.

Missionary 3.-Karwa (cutwa).

...................... Rev. H. Smylie.

One Native Preacher.
Commenced in 1804.

Distribution up to the end of October : A town in the province of Bengal, situated scriptures, 200; tracts, 3526. on the western banks of the Hughli, about Schools.-One day-school, attended by sixty seventy-five miles N.N.W. from Calcutta. boys, and supported by a friend. The gospel

is preached to the heathen every day. There Missionary......... Rev. W. Carey.

are three candidates for baptism.

6.- JESSORE. Present number of members residing at Cutwa, 34. Distribution, of scriptures, about

Commenced in 1800. 1740; of tracts, about 3650.

This district in the southern quarter of Mr. Carey daily explains the scriptures in his house, and preaches twice a week in the Bengal, is estimated at 5000 square miles

. bazar, whilst the native preachers visit more 1,200,000, in the proportion of nine Muhama

The inhabitants were reckoned in 1801, at distant places. The neighbouring melás are regularly attended.

madans to seven Hindus. Sahib-ganj, the usual residence of the missionary, lies about

150 miles N.E. from Calcutta.

Commenced in 1818.

....................... Rev. J. Parry.

Ten Native Preachers.

Distribution, of scriptures, 2000; of tracts, Birbhum is a district in the province of 12,000. Bengal, situated on the north-western ex. Schools.-Six day-schools, attended by 200 tremity, about the twenty-fourth degree of boys and six girls, and supported by local north latitude. In 1814 it was estimated to contributions. contain 7000 square miles, and in 1801 the population was estimated at 700,000, in the of December last, and in the beginning of

Eleven persons were baptized in the month proportion of thirty Hindus to one Muham- this year. The gospel is sapping the sandy madan. Sori, where the missionary resides, foundations of heatbeniem and Muhammadan

Five Native Preachers.

ism. Many Hindus publicly confess, while

9.- CHITTAGONG. listening to the preachers of the gospel, and their arguments in favour of its being calcu

Commenced in 1812. lated to secure the salvation of sinners by This district, 120 miles long, by an average believing in it, that the Hindu shastras are of twenty-five in width, and including above uoworthy of credit, and that idolatry and a million of inhabitants, forms the south-east caste are founded on human invention. The extremity of Bengal. Here che iwo idolatrous Muhammadans seem to be, equally with the systems of Brahma and Budh come into conHindus, favourably disposed towards the tact, and the chain of caste is therefore feeble. gospel. Many of ihe former class admit that The capital, Islamabad, is frequently called the Koran does not reveal any satisfactory Chittagong, and there the missionaries reside. plan of salvation, and that Mubammer was a It is about 340 miles east from Calcutta. sinful being like themselves, and seem to be The inhabitants are a mixed race- Hindus, glad when we expose his wickedness. At one Muhammadans, and Arakanese or Mughs. of the villages ihe people have themselves Missionaries ... Rev. J. Johannes, Rev. J. C. Fink. built a small chapel for the use of the Mission.

Five Native Preachers. 7.-BARISAL.

Present number of members, 41. Distri

bution, of scriptures, 12,000; of tracts, Commenced in 1828.

15,000. Schools.---Two. Barisal is the principal town in the district Mr. Johannes gives an encouraging account of Bakarganj, about 185 miles east from of his labours at this station. Many of the Calcutta.

inhabitants of distant villages, never visited by Missionary............ Rev. S. Bareiro.

our missionaries, seem to have received the

gospel through the instrumentality of their Three Natire Preachers.

heathen countrymen, who have carried them Schools.-'Two day-schools, one of them at scriptures. Seven persons have been bap. Barisal, both English and Bengali, in which tized this year. We have also to record the a small class of youths are receiving religious death of two, both of whom died triumphant instruction, intended to prepare them for use in the faith of the gospel. foloess in connexion with the church. The other is a Bengali school at Dhandoba,

10.--MONGHIR. attended by ten girls and twenty boys, but Commenced about the year 1817. likely to be greatly enlarged. Most of the members of the church live in vince of Behar, district of Bhaugulpur,

A celebrated town and fortress in the provillages at a great distance from the station. One hundred and seventy-three persons and distant from Calcutia about 300 miles.

situated on the south side of the river Ganges, were baptized last year, and recent accounts The number of inhabitants has been estimated speak of 110 more baptized, and of much ex

at 30,000. citement and persecution.

Missionaries.......... ( Rev. J. Lawrence,

| Rev. J. Paisons.

Three Native Preachers.
Commenced in 1816.

Present number of members, 49. There A large town in Bengal, situated beyond are three bible classes, attended by twentythe principal stream of the Ganges, but ex- two girls ; a sabbath school, attended by tending, with its suburbs, six miles on the ten boys; and three vernacular day-schools, banks of the Buri Ganga, or Old Ganges. attended by ninety-five boys, and supported It is about 190 miles Ñ.É. from Calcutta. by local contributions. The gospel is Its population in 1801 was stated at above preached to the heathen twice a week in 200,000, but it has been since estimated as the chapel, when about ninety attend, and high as 300,000, there being, as has been three or four times a week in the bazar, ascertained, about 90,000 houses.

when the attendance is somewhat less. Be.

sides which, frequent itinerating tours have Missionaries....... {Rev: 0. Leonard. Rev. ,

been made, not only to the towns and villages Four Natice Preachers.

within a circle of forty miles, but often to a

much greater distance. In these labours our Present number of members, 19. Distri- brethren are assisted by Mr. Hurier, who bution, of scriptures, above 11,000 ; of tracts, also bestows special atiention on the Hill above 15,000. The gospel is preached four tribes in the vicinity. times a week or oftener in the streets of Dacca or its suburbs ; and it has been repeatedly

11.-PATNA. proclaimed in distant places. One has been

Commenced in 1811. added by baptism. Light is spreading all around, and prejudice is diminishing, but we Patna is situated on the northern bank of cannot yet tell of conversions.

the Ganges, opposite the influx of the Gun


duck river, about 320 miles N.W. of Cal., In compliance with the desire of the

Its population is variously stated at people at Chunar, both Europeans and from 300,000 to 400,000 souls; two-thirds natives, and the invitation of ihe baptist being Hindus. The Muhammadan name of church, it was determined, in the course of this city is Asimabad.

the year, that Mr. Heinig should occupy Missionary ......... Rev. H. Beddy.

Chunar as his sphere of labour.

The Hindustani services, which are on One Native Preacher.

Sunday morning and Monday evening, and Present number of members, 26. Distri- the English services, on Sunday morning and bution, of scriptures, 241 ; of tracts, 2246. evening, and also on Wednesday and Thurs.

The Patna Native Female Orphan Refuge day evenings, are well attended. now contains forty girls. It is supported by The natives in the city and the surrounding contributions from England and by donations villages are not only very favourably disposed and subscriptions from friends in India ; but to hear the blessed gospel, but even delighted the funds are very low, and the premises at having again a missionary coming amongst having recently been entered by robbers, the them. They have all, parents as well as loss of various articles is severely felt. The children, often entreated Mr. Heinig to open gospel is preached daily either in the chapel schools, where they might be taught, and or the bazar, or in both,

promised that they would diligently attend.

He has commenced or taken up five schools, 12,-BENARES.

and has received for them considerable local Commenced in 1817.

support. This ancient seat of Brahmanical learning

14.-AGRA. or Hindu superstition, is situated on the north | Commenced in 1811-recommenced in 1834. bank of the Ganges, about 430 miles N.W. from Calcutta. It includes a population of The capital of the district and province of upwards of 200,000 : but during the idolatrous the same name, commodiously situated on the festivals the concourse is almost beyond cal. south-west side of the Jumpa, about 800 culation : 8000 houses are said to be occupied miles north-west from Calcutta. It does not by brahmans who receive contributions, appear that any enumeration of the population though each has property of his own. The has ever been made ; but the number of in. Muhammadans form about a tenth of the habitants is probably about 60,000, and this population.

number may be expected greatly to increase. Missionaries........ Rev. G. Small, Rer. W. Smith.

Rev. R. Williams,

Missionaries ... Rev. J. Makepeace,
One Native Preacher.

Rev. J. C. A. Dannenberg. Present number of members, 20. Distri

Six Native Preachers. bution, of scriptures, 1600 ; of tracts, 2000.

Three day-schools are attended by 250 These, and Mr. Smith, u European, are boys. Mrs. Small also had a school, which supported by the Agra Auxiliary Society. was attended by twelve children, of whom There are two day-schools, one for girls eight were girls. Very gratifying reports and one for boys, which continue to prosper have been received from our brethren, both under the fostering care of our brother, Mr. of their schools and their ordinary mission Makepeace. labours.

The labours of our brethren at this station The church at Benares now numbers are continued with much assiduity and en. twenty members, four having been baptized couragement. Forty converts have been during the year. An efficient auxiliary is at added to the church during the year. The work, and our brethren are about to commence various operations of the Auxiliary are susthe erection of a new chapel, better adapted tained by contributions amounting to nearly to the wants of this large and important city. £200 a year; a sum in addition to the efforts Two additional schools are also ‘about to be of the church for the support of its pastor. opened, and additional funds will be most The church endure severe persecution from welcome.

their heathen neighbours. They preserve,

however, a Christian spirit in the midst of it 13.- CHUNAR.

all. The Gosain, a head-man of one of the

villages, observed to Ganpat, the native Missionary ............... Rev. H. Heinig.

pastor, that “ he was at liberty to make as Present number of members, 21. Distri- many of the people Christians as he could; bution, of scriptures, 4000; of tracts, 3000. because those who had become such do not

Five day-schools, attended by 230 boys, annoy bim and others for money as formerly, have been opened, and will, it is hoped, be that they are not accustomed to wrangle and supported by local contributions. There is, quarrel among themselves as before, that they also, a sabbath-school, attended by upwards are now properly clad, as also their families, of thirty girls.

and that, whenever they have a feast or party,


they do not driok to excess, or use abusive of the hill states. From the scriptures thus language towards one another, as they pre- distributed two or three years ago, the last viously did.

baptized brahman, Changa Misri, derived his

knowledge of God and salvation, of himself 15.—MUTTRA.

as a guilty and impotent sinner, and of the A celebrated city, of great antiquity, situated of his commands and institutions, and the

Lord Jesus as an all-sufficient Saviour; also on the western bank of the Jumna, about thirty miles N.E. by N. from Agra, and containing the Spirit of grace, to serve, love, and glorify

course he should pursue, in dependence on a population of 50,000 inhabitants, of whom

about one-eighth are Muhammadans.
Missionary............... Rev. T. Phillips.
Two Assistant Preachers.

Though Madras has not yet had any place Present number of members eight, of whom in our anpals, we trust that ihe time is not far three are patives.

distant when we may expect to receive from Distribution, of scriptures, 2270; of tracts, it regular communications.

In a very re2499.

markable manner, the way has been proviThe gospel is preached every morning in dentially opened, and a loud call made to the city and one of the surrounding villages send thither a missionary: A regiment in her alternately; and six villages are visited on majesty's service, which left England in 1842, the six week day evenings. The melas about was stationed at Maulmein. One of its Muttra, and those at Naholi and Garhmuk. officers had been baptized in Jamaica, and teshwar, have also been attended by Mr. there was in it one private soldier who was Phillips. He likewise preaches in English known to be a pious man. The preaching of twice a month, in places at some distance. the American baptist missionaries in Maul

The Maze Pond School, so called from the mein was, however, greatly blessed by the church in London which has promised to divine Spirit

, and when the regiment was support it, numbers thirty boys in attendance. removed 1845, there was in it a baptist

church comprising between thirty and forty 16.–DILHI.

members, several of whom were officers.

Being stationed at Madras, and finding no Commenced in 1818.

minister of their own denomination, they beThe ancient capital of the Great Mogul, came desirous, both for their own sake and and still nominally an imperial city under its for the sake of others, that a missionary should own emperor, lies about 900 miles distant be sent. Having opened a communication from Calcutta, to the north-west. lo the with the Committee, they spontaneously reign of Auranzebe, the population was loosely placed in their hands a sum of money sufestimated at two millions, and the ruins of old ficient to maintain a missionary there for Dilhi even now cover the plain for nearly several years; and the Committee, after long eight miles to the south, whilst some of the continued and anxious inquiries, have accepted gates and mosques are tolerably entire. The the services of Mr. J. C. Page, who is on the present city is built on two rocky eminences, point of completing his studies at Stepney, surrounded on three sides, by a stone wall of and who, they trust, will be found weli thirty feet in height, with the stream of the adapted for this interesting station. In the river Jumpa on the east. The number of presidency there are many pious persons, inhabitants is estimated at about 150,000.

chiefly connected with the army, wbo adhere

to our views, and there are also many imMissionary ......... Rev. J. T. Thompson.

portant and destilute districts which a misTvo Native Preachers.

sionary residing in that city might visit. Present number of members, 21. Distri

Some private soldiers connected with the bution, of scriptures, 5000; of tracts, 9000.

regiment have recently collected and transThe number of members is now twenty-one. tion.

mitted £2 4s. towards the shilling contribu. Of the nineteen reported last year, one has departed in the faith, one the brethren have bad the pain to exclude, and three have left the station with their regiment, leaving fourteen, to which six added by baptism, and one restored, make their number twenty-one ;

Four Stations-about twenty Sub-stations--four

European Missionaries-Three Female Missionand may the Lord graciously add to them

aries-Twenty-one Native Preachers, and fortysuch as shall be everlastingly saved.

three Schoolmasters, and Forty-four Schools. The distribution during the year, both in The gospel is also preached in about 150 vil. the city and at the fairs abroad, has been

lages. about 9000 tracts, and 5000 scriptures ; in COLOM60.--The labours of Mr. Davies at cluding supplies sent to a pious officer at Colombo have been continued throughout the Lahore, at his request, and to another in one year, though interrupted by occasional illness.





PEDANG ............................

.N. M. Ward.

Mrs. Davies has also continued her school, | neighbourhood, though without much encour. though funds are much needed for its support. agement in conversion ; for thirty years be

Our brethren are greatly encouraged by the has laboured ia this field as their first misdissolution of all connexion on the part of the ionary. Many thousand tracts have been government with Buddhism. The soldiers translated, printed, and distributed by him. are entirely withdrawn from the temples; and The New Testament has been translated into the idol property is no longer to remain in the Javanese ; and last year, for the first time the custody of government agents. On the in the history of this people, a selection of other hand, some are busily engaged in per. evangelical bymns was translated and printed suading the people that our brethren are not for the use of the congregations. authorised teachers. In the midst of all, however, Mr. Davies has “very many in: stances of encouragement." Twenty-nine persons have been baptized in this district, and there are about fifty-four inquirers. In

AFRICA. connexion with Colombo, there are thirteen stations where at least three services are held

Four Stations-Six Missionaries-Seven Teachers every week, fourteen where one service is held

-Eleven Female Missionaries and Teachers. each week, and 103 villages, each of which The last year has been one of peculiar trial has been visited twice every month ; 153 to our brethren in Afriea. Two of their copies of the scriptures have been distributed, number, Mr. Thompson and Mr. Sturgeon, and 9700 tracts in Tamil, English, Portuguese, have been removed by death. Four of the and Singhalese. Special weekly meetings teachers from Jamaica bave returned, and the have also been held for the instruction of health of all our friends has suffered very members and candidates; and the schools are seriously from the climate. Indeed, it is examined by the missionary once a month. feared that some of them may be compelled The total number of members at these stations, to leave Africa, either permanently or at least including Grand Pass, is 442, and of children for a season. If this fear be fulfilled, two 1025.

missionaries and two teachers will be all the During the earlier part of the year, Mr. foreign labourers engaged in this field. Lewis was engaged with the academy; but as “Surely this is a cry of distress," says Mr. the number of students had greatly diminished, Clarke," which will arouse the churches to he gave up part of his time to the station at think of our state." Grand Pass, and recently the Committee have Part of the difficulties of our mission are to resolved, under the pressure of destitution in be ascribed to the conduct of the Spanish India, upon his removal to Calcutta, or some government. When the Committee purchased other station.

the houses and land in Fernando Po, five KANDY.-Mr. Dawson and Mr. Allen bave years ago, they were aware that though the both laboured till recently at this station. Spaniards would recognize their title to the There are also several interpreters and school- houses, and probably to the land, it was pos. masters.

sible that they might in the end prohibit all Matura.--After mature deliberation, Mr. evangelical preaching. The Committee were Dawson resolved on removing for a time, at not without hope that the English govern. least, to this station. Matura contains a con- ment would purchase the island; and as the siderable population, and the district is im- houses they obtained had cost originally at portant. The station was formed in 1841, least five times the sum they gave for them, and though it has not been visited since, the and might at any time be removed, they people under their native pastor have re. deemed it desirable to purchase them : and it mained faithful, and the preaching of the is gratifying to know that our brethren in gospel has not been unblessed. It is hoped Africa are decidedly of opinion that even in ihat the results of Mr. Dawson's removal the result we now deplore, the Society has may justify the experiment, and prove highly saved, in consequence of this purchase, much beneficial to this important and destitute field. more than the premises cost.

The contributions of the various auxiliary It was at the end of 1845, the Spanish missionary societies, we reckon, have amounted Consul-general arrived at Clarence, with induring the year to £302 19s. 8d. Thirty. structions to send off the missionaries, unless four have been baptized, about 150 ndditional they would consent to reside “in a private scholars have been taught in the schools, capacity only," and without preaching. With which can contain 1185 children. The total this condition they declined to comply; but as number of members is 504.

the Consul regarded their labours as of great
benefit to the people, he ultimately


his willingness that the missionaries should ARANG .................. Gottlieb Bruckner.

have a year to effect the sale and removal of

their property, during which time they might curs of our aged friend Mr. Bruck- preach and continue their schools. Indeed,

continued at Samarang and the he expressed his wish that these schools might

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