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God Almighty. What is it to suy that there is , money, we would not offer it to the Charch: opposition to such a course as this? If, indeed, Let them know that the Dissenters will not the opposition came from quarters of avowed take it, at whatever sacrifice. I feel that I am iniquity, we should understand it; but what is to maintain that ground, even if I saw every it to say that opposition to such a course as effort I could make or promote for education this comes from any body called Christian snatched away from me. It is, I suppose, a comes from the Established Church, or a por- scramble for children; a pitiful scramble, that tion of the Established Church of this country! will dirty everybody's fingers that meddles with Why that is not at all events in the direct line it. Be it so ; whatever sacrifices it occasions, of apostolic succession ; for one of them said, let it come. We have for the most part had that even when the gospel was preached out of fair weather for our profession of religion, strife and contention, which now it is not, he though not wholly so. Our forefathers maintherein did rejoice, yea, and wonld rejoice. It tained their consistency in many a struggle ; and is, however, quite true that the agents of this what are we, that we are tu sei down as a rule Society do meet with difficulty; and another of Divine Providence that no storms are to light thing is quite true, they are likely to meet with upon us? Or if, instead of the storm it be the more difficulty. The report of the Society sunshine, are we, whose forefathers faced the has glanced at the cause of this, and one of first, going to be coaxed by the instrumentality these causes is with great justice specified of gold ? If, when the tempest came, our foreas consisting of the recent act of the Le- fathers wrapped more closely the cloak, are we, gislature, whereby a system of education now that the sun is shining, going to cast it under the aid of State patronage has been away? No; the principle is the same in both sanctioned by a very large majority of the lower cases, whether the State terrifies us by saying, House. This educational measure would un You shall go to prison," or saying, Here is doubtedly aggravate the difficulties of the gold for you, if you will admit oar aid in reagents of this Society: it would do so, whether ligion." 'If I once take its gold, upon what it apply for the Government grants towards the ground can I deny its right to imprison or to persupport of schools or not, for it is of the vicious secute? It is the old devil in an angel's form, nature of this measure, that it angments the and it is for us to make this coaxing angel know wealth of the rich, and robs the poor ; that it that we see, what I think the Bishop of Nor. increases the strength of the strong, and aggra- wich said he saw in our opposition to the Eda. vates the weakness of the feeble ; and let us, cational Scheme, the cloven foot. And as for as we may, apply for these grants, and get religion inaking its way in difficulties, as for them too ; if we do get them, it will still be to any notion that the gospel cannot prevail exus a comparative diminution of strength, and cept in fair weather, as for the idea that there an aggravation of difficulties. But what will will be no triumph of Christianity, where obit be, if we do not apply for these grants, if we stacles are thrown in it way-away with such a shall conduct our schools as best we may, and notion as this. I do not mean to say that so have them brought into direct disadvantage- | Christianity goes on better for persecution ; but ous competition with schools that are receiving we know that in persecution Christianity has money from the public purse, which unquestion- triumphed, and that to its success it did not ably, as far as resources are concerned, will require tranquil times. When it was first have immediate facilities for meeting expenses? launched, it was in bitter opposition ; it has We shall suffer much. The advantages held gone throngh many persecutions, and it is the out by schools that take the grant, will tend rock against which many waves have broken materially to the embarrassment of schools themselves; but it stands firm, and shall stand that do not take it. That is not to be con to the last. There are just two things for us to cealed froin us. Then great difficulties are be- do ; first, to see that our weapous be exclofore the agents of this Society in common with sively of heavenly temper; do not let us be inothers; and it is a question of the greatest im- duced to use any instrumentality of which we portance, what shall be done? Shall we or shall cannot say, as the Apostle said, “Our weapons we not ask for the Government grant? We are not carnal.” In the next place, let us emare none of us going to be bribed out of what is ploy them in that firmness and consistency which a principle with us. We are none of us going God our helper promises. It is not a strife beto barter our consciences for gold; it has been tween man and man ; it is not a strife between an insult, when we said our consciences forbade the potsherds of the earth; it is not Churchus taking money from the public parse,- it has men against Dissenters, unendowed classes been an insult and wrong to offer it. I do not against endowed; but it is the power of God, think that any man, who telt the freedom of his against the devices of men, the instrument of own conscience, would have ever offered to God's ordination, and the power of God's Holy buy mine. But if a knave has asked me to sell Spirit agninst the pride and corruption of man's my conscience, it is at the time more incumbent heart. Who is lie that hath God on his side ? npon me than ever to prove I am not a knave, If we have any suspicion that the cause in but an honest man. If ever there was a time which we are embarked is not the cause of when I would have sold my conscience, it is God, let us begin to retire, and lay by our ex.
When men are looking on with a sly ertions, and have done. If it be, with what a sneer, and saying, “ He will take the money after feeling - a deep, profound feeling ---should we the measure is passed, though he make an out- engage in it! What we preach is the gospel of cry now."-No; this is a time when statesmen salvation ; it is linked with the power of God, should be taught a great lesson, and conscience the power of God to salvation, by the energy of should be demonstrated in a way that cannot his own Spirit, in every man that believeth. Let be mistaken. Legislators have said, if we be us not only work, but work in the cheerful attilieved that the Dissenters would not take the 'tude of expectation, in the deepest bumility,
prayerful for that inflaence on which our triumph | the fear of God in their hearts go with that gosdepends. "Let the sea roar, and the multitude pel in their hands into these villages, and they of isles tremble, we have no fear; God is our will be successful in evangelizing our countryrefuge, even the God of Jacob, our strength and men, overcoming obstacles, and spreading the our salvation."
influences of the truth. This is the only means The resolution was then put and carried. calculated to advance this object, and the only Rev. J. BIGWOOD, of Exeter, rose to move:
means we can employ. If we seek any other “That this meeting has heard with regret, that
means we shall fail. Do we hope to bring men the annual income of the Society is considerably be
to Christianity by wealth? We have no wealth low the expenditure ; that it would hope and pray equal to those who oppose it. Do we intend, that the special circumstances which have tended to by splendid buildings, to bring people to it? increase its debt during the past year may speedíly They have learning and resources at their combe removed ; and would earnestly, entreat the mand, and we cannot compete with them in churches, by means of general, stated, and, as far these points. But when we go with the simple hands of the Committee sutficient funds not only truth as it is in Christ, we have something that for the maintenance, but the agmentation of its
arrests attention-something new, something agency."
unearthly, which will find its way to the hearts
of our fellow men, and by the influence of I do not intend to occupy the time of this meet. which we shall eventually succeed. It will be ing for more than two or three minutes: but truth triumphing over error; it will be somethere was one remark made by the last speaker thing coming from heaven triumphing over hell, to which I would wish now to direct attention, God triomphing over Satan. It is by the use that it may be impressed on your minds and in- of this simple instrumentality that we hope 10 fluence you in that which comes to be per. accomplish the conversion of our fellow men formed by you to-night; that is, the action of to Jesus Christ. How is this to be attained ? giving to the Baptist Home Missionary Society. We must have money to accomplish this; but a In order to our success in any object, it is ve- little will do a great deal. It is not with this cessary we should bave an exact idea of the Society as with others, that a large outlay must nature of the object to be attained, the exteut be made before the work is attempted. "If we of that object, and the adequacy of the means have a few hundred pounds, we can set a lawe employ for its accomplishment. If these bourer at work. A plain meeting house is suflithings are impressed upon our minds, we shall cient, and a plain man will be sufficient to accom. then with eagerness pursue the means, and we plish the work. He may preach on the Sabshall be triumphant in the pursuit. Just for one bath and teach in the week. This is what we moment to apply this to the subject of Home want to combine—the preaching of the gospe! Missions. The object we have before us is the with the teaching of the youth in the scattered regeneration of our fellow countrymen. We are villages. If we do this, we need not care anxious that our kindred, according to the flesh, about the Government grants, we need not our brothers and sisters in Great Britain, may take the money. I wish that this point might be brought noder the sanctifying and ennobling attract more the attention of Christians in this induence of the gospel of Christ. We have, country. We must have education diffused in aiming at the accomplishment of this object, throughout the land, and in this manner we difficulties to contend with. We have a sys- instruct as well as preach. We must have men tem of corrupted Christianity so nearly like the who care for the souls of children, to train them true, that many mistake the imaginary for the op in spiritual as well as serular knowledge. reality. We have a priesthood dominant and This is the education that will do good. If intriguing, who, by a kind of fictitious reverence had time I could show it is not the want of eduand status in society. exert their influence over cation that is the cause of crime in this country; the minds of men. We have the seal of Parlia- but I will simply commend the resolution to ment put upon this institution. We have an your adoption, and, in connexion with it, the aristocracy, whose interests are combined with claims of the society. I urge you to contribute this institution, supporting it. It is aided by all of that which God has given to you. The rethe advantageous circumstances of wealth, learn. solution speaks of the expenditure exceeding ing, and gentility. It is against this we have to the income. You want to pay the debt, and to contend, and in the villages of our country have money in hand by which you can carry on especially its influence will be felt, and parti- your various efforts. Will yi u not come to the cnlarly in the county from whence I come. Society's help? Shall it be said that yon long Those who are upder the guidance of the for the conversion of your fellow creatures, and Bishop of Exeter, are the individuals who op at the same time you come not to the help of pose your agents in their work, and are most those who were ready to seek to accomplish the successful in their opposition. I know a village object? Let it be seen that your practice is in where the clergyman forbids the inhabitants, accordance with your principles; and as you deand they are fools enough to obey, to receive a sire the salvation of yonr fellow men, so you are Dissenting teacher, whilst the people are taught ready to contribute of that which God has conthat baptismal regeneration is in accordance ferred upon you, to accomplish this work. with the will of God, and that, admitted into Rev. J. Higgs, of Sudbury, in seconding the the charch by baptism, they shall be heirs of resolution, said: The subject of this motion everlasting life and glory. Whilst we have involves the fate of many churches, which it is these difficulties to contend with, let us inquire of the ntmost importance for us to endeavour to whether the means we possess to overcome maintain. If the funds of this society diminish, them are adequate to the end at which we aim. if its Committee should find itself in a position What are these means? The simple gospel as in which it shall be incapable of assisting in it was given to us. Let those men who have the support of the ministers of these churches
to which I refer, I would just ask, what are ple we find their minds pre-occupied with prethese churches to do? I come from a district judices and false confidence, augmenting the in which I have the opportunity of judging for difficulty of spiritual enlightenment. I know myself, and you will excuse me is, in a few plain some men that are evangelical in spirit as well words, I give yon my own impression. These as in doctrine ; but I know that evangelical churches are involved in a most unequal con- clergymen are the most potent, and complain test, and are composed chiefly of daily labour- the most bitterly of interference with their flocks
, ers, who find employers amongst the esquires The evangelica! clergy strengthen the hands and laical or esquires ecclesiastical, and if in the increase the power of the anti-evangelical parish there are charities, the invidious distinc- party. It is the Jordan, the voluminous waters tion is made between them and their neigb- of which pour themselves at length down into bours. In many cases, if employment be given the Dead Sea. It is easy to cheer these sentito them, it is chiefly with the view of keeping ments, but it is quite another thing to pay for them off the poor-rates. Such persons require them. When the resolution I second is put to the kindest and most vigilant pastoral care; you, the collection is to be made, and allow me but through their poverty they are driven to men to hope that we shall have a better collection who, though they are most sincere, are not the than we have been accustomed to. We pat most fitted for the pulpit, and they in their turn ourselves in a false position with reference to the are driven to eke out their means of subsistence design of statesmen; for it is their object ultiby attendance to daily toil
. lask not for such a mately to bring us into State pay. That is the confederation of the churches as would effect ether by which, if they can induce you to their independence ; but I do ask soch a sym- breathe it, they hope to perform any operation pathy among the churches as that the weak shall they please ; and you will not be aware of it, not look to the affluent in vain. The fact is, till you wake up with astonishment at the hor the support of our common cause depends on rible mutilation you have undergone. The our maintaining these churches, You may strenuous self-support of all our societies is inhave ministers who may be able to unravel the dispensable to our existence. If we allow our tactics of dominant parties in this country. You funds to be diminished, leave our agents unsupwho attach to more affluent churches may main- ported, by and by this will be used as an argutain your position, but if, by withdrawing your ment for State pay for religious sects, just as assistance from poor churches, you allow them now we have the groundless pretence, that not to be quenched one after another; if you allow having provided religious instruction for the religious liberty to die off in secluded districts, young is a ground for education. Voluntaryism you may find that the enemy, having carried the will provide for the religions instruction of the ontposts, will close in with renewed vigour and people in this country. It has not had fair concentrated force upon your own camp. We play. There has been a break upon the machiare not only called upon to aid the Society with nery, so that we could not tell to what its morespect to the churches hitherto associated with tive power was equal. They dig a deep well it, but with respect to new classes of agents in- to draw off the water, and then laugh at our dispensable in the present circumstances of the pump being dry. But let us show ourselves country. It will not do for yon to have here and able to do our duty in spite of it. Let us fill there paid agents. You must work in the the land with home missionaries-put them in country as our Town Missionary. Work with every place. Do this, and the dominant Estaus. We want men who will go into the villages. blishment of the country falls, and evangelizaWe cannot have cottages; the farmers will not tion triumphs. let us have them. We want men who can The resolution was then put and carried. preach in the open air, who can visit them, and J. Low, Esq., movedtalk with then, though they may be denied the opportunity of preaching to them. It seems to
“That the thanks of this meeting be presented to
the Treasurer, the other officers of the Society, and me as if there were many persons who have no the Committee, for their services during the past correct idea of the difficult task we have under- year; and that J. R. Bousfield, Esq., be the Trea; taken. They seem to think that evangelization surer, that the Rev. S. J. Davis be the Secretary, and must go on as a matter of course, whereas no the following gentlemen be the Committee for the length of time will succeed at the present pro
year ensuing." (Names read.) cedure. We do not keep pace with the popu P. DANIELL, Esq., having seconded the relation, and I agree with the observations made solution, it was put and carried. as to the great obstacle that the Church pre The Rev. s. J. Davis moved, and J. R. sents. My brother, in the exuberance of his BoUSFIELD, Esq., seconded, a vote of thanks to love, said that he should rejoice if the whole the Chairman, which having been carried by country were Episcopalian. He spoke, how- acclamation, he briefly acknowledged the comever, of an imaginary thing. Let us speak of pliment. it as we find it, in personal operation and facts. The Doxology was then sung, and the meetWhat are the facts? When we go to the peo-ing separated.
Donations and Subscriptions will be gratefully received on behalf of the Society, by the
Treasurer, J. R. BOUSFIELD, Esq., 126, Hounsditch ; or by the Secretary, THE REV, STEPHEN JOSHUA DAVIS, 33, MOORGATE STREET, LONDON.
Post Office orders should give the name in full. Collector for London : Mr. W. PARNELL, 6, Benyon Cottages, De Beauvoir Sq., Kingsland.
J. HADDON, PRINTER, CASTLE STRKET, VINSBURY.
MEMOIR OF SIR WILLIAM SINCLAIR,
OF DUNBEATH, BART.
BY THE REV. FRANCIS JOHNSTOX.
It is much to be lamented that so baptists, printed in Rippon's Register, little is known of the life and labours and by Braidwood, in his article on the of this excellent man. Although there Scotch baptists, in Adam's Religious was no baptist in Scotland at the time World Displayed. he became one, as far as we have learned, We have made many inquiries reyet a baptist church was formed in garding Sir William's history, but in Edinburgh about two or three years many particulars have got no satisbefore his death, and we should have faction. The baptist friends in Caithexpected that Archibald Maclean or ness have shown great readiness in forsome of his brethren would have in- warding whatever they knew, and to terested themselves in the matter, and them we are mainly indebted for the procured some materials for a history following gleanings, except as to what of one who was not only the first bap- relates to his family history, which we tist in the land, and the founder of a have drawn from other sources. church older than theirs, but who was The ancestors of Sir William Sinclair also a man of high rank in life. But were lords of the far-famed Roslin, near the baptists in those days had no pe- Edinburgh, for several generations, and riodical either in Scotland or England ; afterwards, passing to the north, became and those in Scotland at least seem to earls of Orkney and Caithness.
We have taken little interest in anything have before us a table of his forefathers of literary taste which did not relate to as far back as the reign of Alexander I. their own immediate connexion. We king of Scotland, who died in the year are led to make this remark, from the 1124. Sir William was descended from very indifferent manner in which Sir the third son of George, fourth earl of William Sinclair is alluded to by Mac- Caithness, who died in 1582. His lean, in his short account of the Scotch father, Sir James Sinclair, of Dunbeath
VOL. X.-FOURTHI SERIFS.
and Stempster, was created a knight | nances, and, consequently, that babes baronet by Queen Anne, in October, had no right to baptism, and that bap1704. He married Isabella, daughter | tism was not sprinkling but dipping. of Sir Archibald Muir, provost of Edin- Whether, in the course of his journeys burgh, and had at least four sons, of to England, he had come in contact whom Sir William, the subject of this with baptists we have not learned ; memoir, was the eldest. The year of he had, however, known of their existhis birth we have not been able to ence, for it is said that he went to ascertain, but it must have been at the London, and was baptized there. Nearly close of the 17th, or beginning of the three years ago, we instituted an in18th century. He married Charlotte, quiry, which was printed in the Baptist second daughter of Sir James Dunbar Magazine of August, 1844, to ascertain of IIempriggs. She is stated to be where, by what minister, and the prehis wife, in a paper dated February, cise date when he was baptized; but 1737. Sir William's father died in we never obtained any reply. Since 1742, when he succeeded him in his then we have have learned that it was title and estate.
in London. If any of our London breAccording to tradition, Sir William thren would search their church records, was not only a thoughtless but a wild probably it might yet be found. It young man. At what age he was must have been about a hundred years brought to a knowledge of the truth we ago. have not been able to learn, but it is According to the tradition of the said that his mind was awakened to baptists in Caithness, it was about the divine things in reading 1 Cor. i. 26, year 1750 when he began preaching, “For you see your calling, brethren, after his return home, in his own castle how that not many wise men after the of Keiss. His first sermon which he flesh, not many mighty, not many noble, preached is said to have been from Rev. are called.” We have no means of ascer- v. 5, “And one of the elders saith unto taining the exercises of his mind at this me, Weep not: behold, the Lion of the interesting and all-important crisis ; tribe of Judah, the root of David, hath how long he was in a state of concern prevailed to open the book, and to loose before obtaining peace through believing the seven seals thereof." It was on a in Jesus, or by what means he was led new year's day ; and, in commemorato understand the plan of salvation; tion of it, the baptists there have been whether by reading the word of God wont on that day of the year to meet or some religious books, or by sitting together for prayer and exhortation. under an enlightened ministry in Edin- Sir William began regular preaching in burgh or in London. All these are par- his castle every Lord's day. From his ticulars of a thrilling nature, on which rank and influence, as lord of the soil, we would fain learn something ; but for no doubt many would be led to attend the present we are compelled reluc- his preaching in circumstances so intetantly to abide in the dark. Nor have resting and rare. We learn that his we learned whether he was brought up labours were very successful. He was under a presbyterian or episcopalian the means of leading some of his own ministry. Suffice to say, he did not con- tenants to a knowledge of the truth, tinue in the church in which he was and to scriptural views of believers' bred. In the course of searching the immersion. He immersed a good man scriptures he was led to see that Chris- of the name of John Budge, and his tians only had a right to Christian ordi- | wife, and many others and formed a