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church in his own castle, over which he own misfortunes, but so it was, that was pastor for about thirteen or fourteen Sir William's worldly affairs went wrong, years. The church had about thirty and his estate was alienated from the members in his time. They were wont family ; Keiss being sold to Kenneth to assemble every first day of the week Macleay, Esq. It is understood by the for divine worship and for breaking of people of Keiss, that Sir William inbread. In the observance of the supper, jured his estate by building the house Sir William had a peculiar manner. of Keiss; but this seems very unlikely, Whether he had learned it from others, otherwise he must have been comparaor himself adopted it from our Lord's tively poor for a baronet. It is more example, as recorded in John xiii. we likely that this was only one cause have not learned ; but he was wont among others. Keiss house, which after the supper to gird himself with a stands about a stone-cast from Keiss towel, pour water into a basin, and castle, was built by him in 1754-5. His wash the feet of the church members. own and his lady's initials, W. S. and He also kept a love feast. Sir William, C. D. and their coats of arms, with the it appears, suffered much persecution date 1754, remain over the large door from his relations and friends, and even of the house to this day. This house from his own wife, who was no friend is interesting in the history of the to his principles and preaching. Not-baptist cause here, as well as the old withstanding his rank, and opposition castle, as the church was wont to asfrom proud relatives, because a man of semble in it after Sir William left the his birth and station should stoop so castle, now an old ruin close on the low as to become a baptist preacher, he sea shore. still persevered while on his own estate The loss of his property seems to in his work of faith and labour of love, have occasioned his withdrawal from in feeding the little flock which he had | Caithness. He, for the remainder of been honoured to gather out of the his days, took up his abode in Edinwilderness. He was also wont, it is burgh about the close of 1763, leaving said, to travel through the county of the care of the Keiss church to John Caithness, doing good and making Budge, one of the brethren whom he known the gospel ; but whether he held himself had baptized, as before menmeetings in these tours, or only visited tioned. He soon gave evidence of his the cottages of the people, we cannot warm attachment to the church, from

A good man, named the long letter which, in Jan. 22, 1764, William Budge, servant to Sir William, he wrote to John Budge. was wont to accompany him in these “Though absent, I am present with you excursions. He was baptized in Edin- in the spirit, joying and rejoicing in burgh, and died in 1818, aged 88. He beholding your order and stedfastness stated to the friend from whom we of faith, with the confidence of hope derived this information, that wherever which shall be even unto the end, Sir William happened to fall in with through the faithfulness and unchangeone in whom he had confidence as a able love of our God, who hates putting Christian, he would sit down with him away.” From this letter it appears, and converse for hours about the gospel, that even in Edinburgh he was anxious partaking with all humility of such to be useful in publishing the gospel, as were set before him.

but, by the time of his writing, he had was the precise cause we cannot not obtained much opportunity, but state, whether from his father's or his had preached once, he does not say

distinctly say.

He says,



where. His words are too interesting have been wont to send duplicates of to be left out. From what he says it letters written by himself on important seems farther, that he had had a desire questions, and also letters received by to return to Keiss, should Providence him. When there in the summer of permit, but this desire does not seem 1845, we fell in with some old letters, to have been realised, as far as we can two of which throw considerable light trace. “I have had yet no fit oppor- on Sir William's history at this time. tunity of preaching the word, save From them we learn that when he came once ; but there seems to be something to Edinburgh, there being no baptist of a desire among several with whom I church there, he attended for some have had private society of having weeks with the Glassites or Sandematruths more opened up to them. My nians, and that the famous Robert Sanacquaintances on that score are upon deman himself was then preaching there. the increase. What will be brought Sir William had also read some of Sanout of it I desire to leave to the Lord. deman's writings. Being dissatisfied Only I beseech you all, in the name and with some things which he had both behalf of our dear Lord Jesus, that you read and heard, he withdrew from strive together with me in your prayers attending, and wrote his mind to Santo God for me, that a door of utterance deman, in a letter, dated January 26, and entrance may be administered of 1764. This letter we have not seen, but the Lord, that it may have free course we have in our possession the original and be glorified ; and that I be restored copy of Sandeman's reply, written two to you in due time, in the fulness of days after, dated January 28, 1764, and the blessing of the gospel of Christ, for directed on the back, "To Sir William our mutual consolation and upbuilding.” Sinclair of Dunbeath, Baronet, at his He again expresses the tenderness of lodging, Borthwick’s Close, Edinburgh.” his love and the depth of his anxiety From Sandeman's reply, we learn that for the church, towards which he felt, Sir William had found fault with his as indeed he says, like a father towards views on three points, namely, the his own children. “My love to you, obedience of Christ, the law of the and to all that are joined with us by spirit of life, and the nature of that one Spirit in one body, and hold one perfect love which casteth out fear. fellowship in the purity of' ordinances, Sir William seems to have considered as delivered by our Lord Jesus, the great! it a serious omission, that a distinct and only Lawgiver of the churches.” | reference was not made in Sandeman's “I am to you all in heart as a father to preaching to faith in the active obedihis children ; and ever believe me to be ence of Christ as well as in his sufferyour faithful friend, brother, and servant, ing, in order to constitute us righteous in our dear Lord Jesus.” The original even as he is righteous. Sandeman exof this letter, of which these are but presses his surprise, that any one who extracts, is lost; copies of it, however, had read or heard their doctrine should are preserved in Keiss to this day, one ever have suspected that they would of which was forwarded to us nearly separate Christ's active from his passive two years ago from the friends there.

obedience; and states, that though they It is evident that had an effort been had many adversaries, he did not remade to gather materials for a memoir member that either friend or foe had of Sir William, at a much earlier period, ever suspected them on that head before some valuable documents might have January 26 ; and that he was entirely been gained in Keiss.

Ile seems to | ignorant of any foundation in scripture

for the distinction. In like manner | ungodly.” Sir William's observations Sandeman defends himself on the other on the other points we must for the two points, on which we deem it need present omit; but the concluding pasless here to enlarge. On some other sage of his letter is so pleasing a testioccasion, if Christian friends greatly mony to the value which he had for desire it, we may give the whole of heartfelt experimental godliness, that Sandeman's letter, and Sir William's we must insert it. Sandeman, in speakreply. Sandeman concludes by saying, ing of perfect love without fear, makes "As to your choosing to attend on our an observation on the hypocrisy of propublic doctrine for some weeks, and then fessors presuming or pretending to be choosing to withdraw, we have no free from fear by any illuminations or charge to bring against you, and no exercises of mind, without the labour title to inquire after your reasons. You and joy of that love dwelt upon in the was welcome to attend while you in- ist epistle of John. Sir William says, clined, and welcome to withdraw when “I writt you nothing of illuminations that inclination ceased, as we pretend or exercises of mind in believing, that no right whatever to call you to account could have given you any proper handle for your conduct. I am, sir, with all of judging so determinatively in this due respect, your most humble servant, point; but as you appear resolved to Robert Sandeman. Jan. 28, 1764." bring into condemnation indiscrimiWe cannot help remarking the mani. nately all that may be classed under festation of Sandemanian coolness, in these heads, I must take leave to aver, this very indifferent way of letting such and from better authority than any

that a hearer slip through his hands. In can be produced to the contrary, that two days after, Sir William replied, in a without illuminations and exercises of letter, dated Edinburgh, 30th January, mind in believing, there may, I grant, 1764. The copy which we have in our be a form of godliness in such outside possession has every appearance of appearance as a statue hath to a man, being a duplicate in Sir William's own but the power will be denyed, so that hand writing, copied by himself for the when we think to grasp a substance, the edification of the brethren in Keiss. shadow will escape our hold. I am, He begins by saying, “Dear sir, the yours, &c.” spirit of meekness with which yours of Sandeman finally left Britain this the 28th is penned, in contradiction to same year for America. We have no the general cry against you on that head, knowledge whether Sir William went in part encourages me, together with a any more to the Glassites' meeting house, love for the truth, to take up your atten- or what place of worship he attended tion in bearing with me once more, in after this period, nor whether his opporhopes that more or less of mutual pro- tunities of preaching in Edinburgh infiting, if not that of others, may, by the creased. It was not till near the close blessing of our God, be brought out of it.” of the following year, 1765, that CarHe then enters into a full and clear michael and Maclean became baptists, statement of his own views, on the but, strange to say, they seem to have three points regarding which he con- had no knowledge of Sir William at sidered Sandeman wrong. He is earnest this time ; for they wrote to Dr. John " for the distinction of our Lord's obe-Gill of London to come to Edinburgh dience of suffering as a sacrifice for sin and immerse them and their friends, unto expiation, and his obedience of on the understanding that there was righteousness unto justification of the not then a baptist in Scotland, which

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now turns out to have been a mistake. I printed in Edinburgh in the year 1786, Carmichael, as is well known, went to nearly twenty years after his death, and London and was immersed by Gill, and and from that period till now have been returned and immersed his friends, regularly used by the Keiss church. We which laid the foundation of the present have before us the letter written to race of Scotch baptist churches. Hence John Budge, by William Levack, the their origin is unconnected with Sir person in Edinburgh who got them William Sinclair and the Keiss church, printed for the church, stating the exwhich is about fifteen years older than pense of paper, printing, and binding. theirs.

These hymns are sixty in number, some We have been much disappointed in not of them having as few as seven, others finding the precise date of Sir William's as many as nineteen verses. They are death. After much inquiry, we have as- all written in the unpoetic style of the certained no more than that he died Scotch psalms, which either formed the about the year 1767-8. It is certain that model of the writer, or had become he died before 1769, in Edinburgh, as in by use the mould in which his muse had that year his funeral expenses were been cast. As to poetry, they have no paid to the firm of Young and Trotter, claim whatever to the name ; but as to in Edinburgh, the undertakers by whom piety, they are evidently the out-pourhis funeral was conducted.

ings of a heart in which the love of Of Sir William's family, we only God and of Christ was shed abroad by know that he had a son, Captain the Holy Ghost. They are mostly all Alexander Sinclair, who died during entitled, Songs of praise to Christ, under his father's life-time. lle married various aspects—reminding us of the Elizabeth Sutherland, and in 1760 made ancient Christians of Bithynia, of whom a life-rent disposition in her favour. In Pliny to Trajan says, “ they sang hymns her infeoftment, dated 1767, she is de- to Christ as to God.” They richly scribed as his widow. They had a son, abound with scripture language paruSir Alexander Sinclair, who, on the phrased, and are full of adoration of death of his grandfather, Sir William, Christ's divinity, incarnation, offices, and succeeded him as the third baronet. atoning sacrifice. He entered the army, and died in We cannot but state that the church the West Indies, January 26, 1787 ; | in Keiss, enthusiastically attached to when, having no family, the title went these hymns, is deeply anxious to have to a younger brother of Sir William's, another cdition printed, as the former Sir Benjamin Sinclair, who died in is fast vanishing away, but they are too 1796.

poor to risk the expense themselves Sir William seems to have been in without the aid of friends. If a few the habit of composing hymns and spi- friends could be got to advance £5 or ritual songs for the use of the Keiss £6, the writer stands ready to publish church; probably reading out the line a second edition, with Sir William's from his written copy. The tradition | memoir and letters prefixed, and also a is, that after his departure to Edinburgh, short sketch of the history of the Keiss the church, still desirous to sing the church. This would be indeed a boon same hymns, obtained his manuscript to the brethren in Keiss, and would no copies, through means of one of the doubt prove highly acceptable to all maids of the family. From this it is those who would wish to possess thempossible that he wrote more than have selves of a copy of these hymns. The been preserved. At length they were writer will be happy to receive com

munications on the subject and the Lord's supper, except when they have a names of subscribers.

visit from a baptist pastor. The preOf the Keiss church, may suflice at sent number of members is about present to state, that after Sir William eighteen. In common with the other left, John Budge continued to lead the baptists in Caithness, they long exceeddevotions, till his death in 1803, after ingly for two or three baptist preachers which, Donald Inrig, who was immersed to be stationed in the county ; a wish by Mr. Edward Mackay of Thurso, about which we ardently hope they will soon 1805, became the leader, till his death have gratified, so that this ancient canin 1831, after which Alexander Bain, dlestick may not be removed out of its who still continues. In 1844 they built place, but that primitive Christianity for themselves a chapel, which holds may yet spread and flourish there. about a hundred. But we regret to state Amen. that the church does not observe the Edinburgh.




* And Moses said unto Hobah, the son of Raguel the Midianite, Moses' father-in-law, We are journeying unto the place of which the Lord said, I will give it you: come thou with us, and we will do thee good : for the Lord hath spoken good concerning Israel. And he said unto him, I will not go; but I will depart to my own land, and to my kindred. And he said, Leave us not, I pray thec; forasmuch as thou knowest how we are to encamp in the wilderness, and thou mayest be to us instead of eyes. And it shall be, if thou go with us, yea, it shall be, that what goodness the Lord shall do unto us, the same will we do unto thee.”—NUMBERS X. 29–32.

WHEN Moses was driven from Egypt, and kindred. Moses felt reluctant that you will recollect that he took up his he should leave, and in the words I residence in Midian. He there formed have read, he urged his accompanying a connexion with the family of Jethro, him and the children of Israel to the a connexion which appears to have had promised land. some circumstances attending it which Let us offer a few remarks on this were pleasant. Jethro had descended little interesting history. from Abraham, and he and his family Remark first, the kindness of Moses' seem to have retained a regard to the invitation. We are journeying to a true God, the God of Abraham. We land promised to us by One who has all have in the 18th chapter of Exodus a things at his disposal, and who will very pleasing account of this father-in-surely give it ; come with us, and we law paying a visit to Moses on his will do thee good.” It was very kind coming out of Egypt, and of the counsel it was very brotherly; and when, eshe gave to him, in which he spoke like pecially, he considered the great good a wise and a good man. Hobab, who is which was before him, it expressed the here mentioned, seems to have been the overflow of his concern for this relative, son of Jethro, or Raguel, as he is here longing to bring him to a participation called. He came to visit his brother-in- in the blessings of the people of God. law in the wilderness. At length he Remark with what arguments he enproposed to return to his own country forces the invitation, "We are journey

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