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Our brethren in this island are suffering from a new source of alarm and anxiety, in consequence of a despatch received by the Governor from the Secretary for the Colonial Department, Earl Grey, proposing the re-establishment of compulsory labour for the negro children, under the name of education in Industrial Schools. His lordship suggests that “in countries where food is so cheap as it is in the West Indies, and labour so dear, there must be peculiar facilities for enabling industrial schools to pay a proportion of their expenses, unless the children be taken from them at a very early age;" and that it would be exceedingly desirable that besides gardens and provision grounds, there should be "some ground cultivated in canes or other staples of exportable produce, so that the children may be exercised in that species of cultivation in which it will be generally speaking most expedient that they should be afterwards employed.” He rightly judges that this industrial system would probably obtain “the support and assistance of some parties who would not be equally quick to discern the more general bearings of education upon industry;" expresses his “hope that the legislatures of the colonies will acknowledge the paramount importance of causing such schools to be established, and will make such provision as may be required for the purpose;" declaring that he should not object, on the part of the Crown, to a tax for this purpose falling directly upon the people at large, or "be averse to any well considered law which should constrain the parents of children, not exceeding a specified age, to send such children to school, under a penalty for neglecting to do so, unless for cause shown, and to pay a specified sum for their schooling." Respecting this scheme, one of the senior missionaries says, “ You will see at once that if the proposed plan be carried out, the liberties of our people, and especially of the rising race, will be completely swept away." Another says,
This scheme will increase taxation, fetter, district. At a recent vestry meeting in this the mind of the rising peasantry, and be de- parish, £300 was proposed and carried tostructive to every principle of manly inde- wards the building of an episcopal church on pendence. It will prove disgustive, a secret his lordship's estate, ten voting for it, ten hatred will be felt towards education. As it against it, the casting vote being given by the will be thus conducted, compulsion, fine, chairman. This is the beginning. If once a taxation, are to be the chief elements to be place is to be built, if the vote had been only employed in the carrying on of this scheme. £10 this year, another sum would be reThe fathers of the rising generation were quired next, and the parish have a perpetual slaves compelled to toil in the cane-field burden, even from generation to generation. against their will, the children are to be To show the recklessness with which the compelled, not by their natural guardians, state church supporters proceed, one of the but by their assumed protectors, to learn the members of the vestry board showed that in elements of lettered instruction, and to submit the parish and immediately contiguous, there to a training that shall degrade them into were mere machines to be ready to be used for any
Ten Baptist places of worship, seating 10,500 political purpose, or for the advancement of Five Presbyterian, seating.................. the state religion.
Four Episcopalian, seating The state church is silently but effectually
Four Methodists, seating ........
One Moravian, weating spreading its network over the island of Three Roman Catholic, seating Jamaica, and will do so until not a nook or One Jewish, seating..... corner is left without its cankering, corroding influence.
19,350 At Montpelier, near Mount Carey, Lord de This accommodation is good for a populaWalden, before he left the island, prepared tion of about 25,500, and yet in its face we his plan to upset, if possible, dissent in that are to have a new episcopal place in a district
3.150 2,700 2.000
600 250 150
where in the neighbourhood there are three school movement is to be tacked on to it, Baptist, two Methodist, one Episcopalian, one then farewell to freedom : the cup of liberty Catholic, and one Presbyterian place, capable will be poisoned, and the highest hopes of of seating upwards of 4000 persons.
the friends of emancipation will be blasted. Again, in the Trelawny vestry, a new You may think that I write strongly, but Episcopal church is proposed to be erected be assured half my fears are not expressed, near New Birmingham, where also there is por half the evils we perceive related. We plenty of accommodation provided for the must have the sympathy, the support, and the population. My firm and decided opinion is, watchful care of British friends with us, and after mature deliberation, that the state church aid us in the overthrow of a system repugnant is the greatest curse under which this island to the conscience and peculiarly oppressive to groans; that it is a hindrance to the ad- those who are desirous of maintaining the vancement of piety and knowledge, and if the principles of civil and religious liberty.
It affords us pleasure to learn that the health of Mr. and Mrs. Littlewood is sufficiently improved to have permitted their return to New Providence. Mr. Capern writes, May 1st :
I am happy to say, that our esteemed col- some fears that he will have too heavy a tax leagues, Mr. and Mrs. Littlewood, are arrived laid upon his strength. But my visit will at Nassau ; Mr. Littlewood in better health not be very long at present, lest he should then we had expected to see him. Mrs. Lit- find his strength again fail. Two months tlewood is weak and poorly, but we are not more, and the hurricane season will comwithout hope that she will improve. I hope mence, and during this season we shall have that we shall work in harmony and with suc- to confine our labours almost entirely to New cess, whilst we are together at this station. Providence, as travelling, or rather sailing, is
I am forth with to set off for the islands, perilous. If at the end of this season our leaving brother Littlewood to attend to the brother's health shall continue good, we can churches on New Providence, but not without then divide the labour without apprehension.
Two natives of Haiti have been baptized by Mr. Webley in the Grande Riviere, at a spot a representation of which, as sketched by Mrs. Webley, is prefixed to this sheet. The following is Mr. Webley's account of the interesting transaction :
In my last I apprized you of my intention as it was said that we were about to interfere to baptize prior to my communicating with with public order, and thereby to break the you again, and I have now much pleasure in thirty-third article of the constitution, which informing you, that I have administered the states that “tous les cultes sont également rite of baptism to two natives, who have long libres, que chacun a le droit de professer sa given evidence of true conversion, and whom religion et d'exercer librement son culte, Mr. Francies hoped to baptize just before his pourvu qu'il ne trouble pas l'ordre public." As fatal illness.
this information was well authenticated, I There are three others, of whom I entertain made it my business to inquire of Le General every hope, whom I wish to stand over as de la Ville if such measures had been taken, inquirers for a short time. The names of and if there was any impediment in the way those who were baptized, on the first sabbath of my baptizing. He assured me that I could in the present month, are Mrs. Reed and Miss not hold such a service unless I had had per. Huntington, a daughter of the said Mrs. Reed mission from Le Secrétaire d'Etat to do so, as by a former marriage. This was a long looked he was strictly enjoined to preserve the public for and a happy day with us all; rendered peace and order. I in vain remonstrated the more happy by the prospect of a dis. with him--of course with all due respectappointment, as will appear in the sequel. On and assured him that Mr. Francies had prethe Wednesday evening I had published the viously baptized without such permission, service, and as early as Friday the rumour and that then order was preserved. His had spread that a band of police were ordered reply was, that through his not doing so the to be on the spot so as to prevent the baptism, 'priest bad written to the Secrétaire d'Etat,
stating that a great uproar had been occasioned by a vast concourse of persons assembled by the baptism.
around our dwelling. With this I left him. Determined, how the chapel, which was crowded almost to
At five o'clock we held a short service in ever, not to be foiled in my attempt to gain suffocation. After this we set out for the my point, I proceeded to one of the Conseil des Notables, and made known to him my Riviere, followed by a multitude of people,
appointed place of baptism in the Grande design. Happily he received me more favour- perhaps not less than a thousand, where I held ably, and told me that there was no reason another short service, in which I implored ibe why I should not carry it into effect; that divine blessing, read some parts of scripture d'Etat had been written to, he had assured referring to the ordinance, and gave an address him that order was preserved, and that there explanatory of the rite, after which I proceeded the matter ended. He told me, moreover, Lord's supper to the candidates, and to the two
to baptize. In the evening I administered the that I must give a written declaration of my who had previously been baptized, as well 25 determination, that he would sign it on behalf of the Conseil des Notables, and that would, to the mission family. At this service we had in all probability, secure the permission of the a larger number than has ever been seen in General,
our little place of worship, for within and
without the chapel it is supposed there were This proved to be the case, but after his more than three hundred people. This, permission I had to obtain that of the General amidst all our privations, was a hallowed de l'Arrondissement, as well as that of the season, and I have reason to believe that upon Commissaire de Police. Having succeeded the minds of most a favourable impression was with all these, I returned home in triumph to produced. Thus ended this happy day. O await the coming day. In the morning, we that this may be an earnest and a pledge of were aroused, à la bonne heure de trois heures, what God is about to do with us!
The letter which furnishes this information is dated Jacmel, April 22nd. Mr. Webley speaks of himself and his female coadjutors as pressed beyond measure with increasing demands on their time and attention, Miss Harris and Miss Clarke, who have now sixty-four scholars, begin to find their health affected by their onerous duties. He has also been unwell himself, and has found it necessary to suspend some of his engagements. There is a fine opening for a good boys' school, he states, and it is important that one should be established. “ A good school," he says, “ would almost infallibly secure our stay on the island, such is the thirst for education among high and low.”
PUBLIC ANNUAL MEETING.
As space could not be afforded in our last number for the resolutions passed in Exeter Hall on the 29th of April, Joseph Tritton, Esq., in the chair, it will be convenient that they should be recorded here.
The Rev. E. Hull commenced the service, bestow upon the Baptist Missionary Society and by giving out a bymn and engaging in prayer. Jest to the progress of the mission in parts of India,
kindred institutions, and adverts with special interThe chairman having addressed the meet and to the commencement of missionary operations ing, and the Secretary having read the Report in connexion with the Society at Madras. of the proceedings of the year, and S. M. Peto, Esq., a statement of the treasurers' The Rev. C. M. Birrell and the Rev. account, the following resolutions were adopted Joseph Angus, secretary to the Society, being unanimously.
called upon by the chairman, gave a report of On the motion of the Rev. D. Katterns, of their visit to Jamaica, after which, Hackney, seconded by the Rev. John Stock, On the motion of John Sheppard, Esq., of of Chatham :
Frome, seconded by J. L. Phillips, Esq., of 1. Resolved, -That the Report, of which an ab.
Melksham :stract has been read, be received ; and that this meeting offers grateful acknowledgments to the God II. Resolved, - That this meeting, on receiving of all grace for the success which he continues to their beloved brethren, the Rev. Joseph Angus, the
secretary of the Society, and the Rev. C. M. Birrell, | tation, and ventures to express its earnest hope and after their visit to the churches and missionaries belief that the benefits resulting from it will, under connected with the Baptist Missionary Society in the divine blessing, continue to be experienced for the West Indies, takes occasion devoutly to express many years to come.. beartfelt gratitude to Almighty God for the preserration of their lives, and of their health, and for the On the motion of the Rev. W. Fraser, protection afforded them in their various journers and voyages, and for those valuable offices of Chris seconded by W. H. Bond, Esq., of Truro:tian sympathy and love which he enabled them to
III. Resolved,--That the cordial thanks of the discharge, so greatly to the comfort of those whom Society are due William Brodie Gurney and they visited. The meeting also would offer to their Samuel Morton Peto, Esqrs, the Treasurers, to the brethren the most affectionate congratulations on
Rev. Joseph Angus, the Secretary, and to the memtheir return to their native land, with the assurance
bers of the Committee, for the services they have of augmented esteem and love. Nor can the meeting severally rendered to the Society during the year ; omit to refer, with a deep sense of obligation, to the also to the Ladies', Juvenile, and other Auxiliaries generous munificence of that distinguished friend of which have contributed to its funds, earnestly enthe Society by whom the deputation were entrusted treating them to continue thene efforts, and, wherwith so large a sum from wbich to minister to the
ever practicable, to increase them. pressing necessities of some of the Jamaica pastors, and by whom the expense of the deputation has The meeting then sang a hymn, and, the been guaranteed. And in conclusion, that this meeting reviews with satisfaction the steps taken Rev. Dr. Steane having pronounced a benedic. by the Committee in the appointment of the depu- tion, adjourned.
ARRANGEMENTS ON BEHALF OF JAMAICA,
It will be remembered that a part of the duty confided to the deputation which recently visited Jamaica was “to confer with the brethren there on questions which have arisen since the independence of the churches.” These questions related principally to the nature and degree of connexion to subsist between the ministers and churches there and the Society. Our friends in the island were anxious that the Society should exercise influence there, in ways which seemed to the Committee to be inconsistent with that perfect independence to which selfsupporting churches are entitled. The deputation found accordingly a prevalent and strong conviction that it would prove injurious to the churches if the Committee were to leave them at present to their own guidance, and withdraw the superintendence and protection which they feel to be still needed. When Messrs. Angus and Birrell were about to leave the island, a general meeting of missionaries and pastors was held, at which their views were embodied in a series of resolutions to be forwarded to this country, with an earnest request that the Committee would accede to them. They were these :
1. That the Deputation be requested to to the Committee is concerned, the Committee represent to the Committee the desirableness be requested to consider them (should the of placing those missionaries who have been proposed Widows' Fund be formed) as eligible sent out by them between January 1840 and to all the benefits of that fund, on the terms April 1845 on the same footing as those who that may be laid down for other brethren." were sent out previous to that period; and as 3. The question being raised whether in the same is defined in the Resolutions of the case the health of any one of the missionaries Annual Meeting of April, 1845.
fail, and he be compelled to relinquish his 2. Some doubt having arisen as to the labours in Jamaica, the Committee regard the position of brethren in this island who were Society as responsible for the expenses of his accepted by the Society, and sent out to aid return to England. The Deputation exin supplying stations as preaching schoolmas- plained that the practice of the Society in ters at the request and charge of individual such cases is to meet as much of the expense missionaries ; and the Deputation having of a missionary's return as may be necessary; stated that the Committee could not regard but that whenever the church over which he them as having any pecuniary claim on the presides is able to meet all the expense, or Society - Resolved, “That in all cases where part of it, the Committee rely on their help. such brethren are pastors of churches, with Resolved, " That this explanation be regarded the consent of the Committee, they be re as satisfactory.” garded by the brethren generally, as occupy 4. The question being raised whether in ing a position as honourable as their own; the event of the churches in Jamaica being and that so far as their position in reference unable or unwilling to support their pastors,
missionaries sent out by the Society have any' chapel for building and other than casual claim to be taken home at the expense of the repairs; and undertake, if required, to meet Society; and the Deputation having explained from the income of the church, the interest that by the words “full and final discharge of and so mueh of the principal as the annual all claims whatever," it was certainly con- receipts will allow; and unless he accede to templated by the Society that such a case the resolutions now adopted. would not arise, and need not be provided 9. That while the brethren disclaim all infor, Resolved, “ That the Deputation be terference with the independency of the requested to represent to the Committee the churches, they respectfully suggest that the great desirableness of placing all the brethren Committee should not allow chapels now in sent out previous to 1845, on the same footing trust to be taken possession of, except by such in this respect as any missionary of the Society; ministers only as are known to the Committee i. e. that if the pecuniary circumstances of the to be of good character, and are of good churches are such as to make it necessary in standing with the majority of the pastors of the judgment of any of these brethren to leave the churches, appointed in accordance with Jamaica, he be regarded as free to write to the present trust deeds or these resolutions. the Committee in reference to such circum- í 10. That in case any church in Jamaica stances; and that the Committee be free to apply to the Committee for a pastor, they be consider his application, and, if they deem it requested to inquire for and obtain one, on right, to aid in providing for his removal from receiving from the church at least one half of the island in such a way as the facts of each the expenses of his outfit; and on receiving case may seem to justify."
the concurrence of the majority of the pastors 5. A question having arisen as to the posi- who are members of the Missionary Fund, in tion of pastors in Jamaica not sent out or charging the remainder to that fund. taken up by the Committee, but occupying 11. That none of the foregoing provisions property now in trust for the Society, the are understood to imply the existence of any Deputation explained that the Society cannot pecuniary responsibility on the part of the regard them as having any claim upon their Committee of the Baptist Niissionary Society, funds under any circumstances, though the whose funds are not to be regarded as at all Committee will be quite prepared to concur liable for any expenses connected with the in their occupying trust property on the same carrying on of the cause of God in this island; terms and conditions as those pastors whom nor is it intended that they should interfere in the Society sent out, and which are contained any way with the resolutions adopted by the in the trust deeds, or in the accompanying Society at their annual meeting in 1845, resolutions.
except so far as these resolutions may here6. That the Committee be respectfully re. after be modified by the Committee in comquested to give their aid and sanction in re- pliance with the resolution in reference to conveying, as it may be found convenient, all missionaries sent out since 1840. chapel property in Jamaica connected with 12. That it is distinctly understood that no the Society, on such trusts as are expressed minister who may be hereafter sent to Jamaica, in the model deed now laid by the Deputation or who may now, or at any future time, be before the brethren : and at the same time to pastor of a church in Jamaica, though not pass a resolution not to sell any of the chapel sent out or taken up by the Society, has any property without the concurrence of a majority claim whatever on the Society for any purpose of ministers in the island appointed in con. in consequence of the resolutions now adopted, formity with the subsequent resolutions. or in consequence of the Committee of the
7. That in the opinion of the brethren, it is Baptist Missionary Society acceding to them. exceedingly desirable in the present state of 13. That in the opinion of the brethren it the churches in Jamaica, that the accounts of is most desirable, in order to revive and pereach station, after being duly audited and petuate a missionary spirit among the members signed on behalf of the church, and entered of our churches, and to carry on the cause of in the church book, should be forwarded early God in this island and elsewhere, that a in January to the Committee, with a request Missionary Union and Auxiliary to the that they will examine the same, and give to Baptist Missionary Society" should be formed, the church from time to time such suggestions whose object shall be to obtain at least £1000 and encouragement as the pecuniary circumn- a year, or an average of one shilling from stances of each may seem to demand ; and each member, to be sent home and devoted that the audited accounts of every church to such objects as the Committee of the Bapapplying for a minister, be laid before any tist Missionary Society may direct ; it being one who may be selected for it by the Com- suggested, that in the present state of the mittee, for his information and guidance. chapels and chapel debts in this island, a
8. That the Committee be respectfully re-considerable part of this sum should be spent at quested not to concur in the occupancy of any the discretion of the Committee to meet chapel chapel now in trust by any minister, unless he debts or aid cases of religious destitution in acknowledge the debts shown by the audited the island. accounts of the church to be due upon the 14. That we, whose names are attached,