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all inspired records (!), page 225. I will never cast out one who comes to Him."Who would expect from the same author Page 269. such sentiments as these ?
The object of our author is, as we " " I know that my Redeemer liveth,'-a cer have already stated, to dissuade those tainty worth the purchased intercessions of the who have already advanced to the very Calendar, and the accepted Aves of a thousand borders of Romanism, of whom it is rosaries," page 178. " When once the full well known there are numbers in the consciousness of the atonement of the Son of church of England, especially among God, and the whole trust for pardon and justi- the younger clergy, still to remain fication in his death is received in the soul, where they are. It is with this view however much outward appliances to another that the narrative or tale before us is righteousness may be pressed around it, however presented to his readers, the various much doctrines of another hope may be proffered incidents of which, with its accompanyand inculcated, the peace of God which passeth ing comments and illustrations, are inall understanding is within it to keep it for ever.
tended as a solemn warning. Eustace, ... In the unforgotten words of one of the the hero of the tale, affords in his English priesthood, at whose feet it has been experience an exemplification of that sometimes our privilege to sit listening, He is process by, which so many have passed the Rock—and they who build on Him, no
from Anglican to Roman catholicism. wave nor storm shall ruin. He is the Way passed the boundary line between Oxford
His life and character, till he had and they who walk in Him shall never miss the and Rome, is a fancy picture of Puseynarrow path that leads to heaven and glory. He ism. In delineating this the author is the Truth—and they who learn of Him shall writes con amore, and embodies in his never fall into grievous error. He is the Life
favourite the beau ideal, the very perand they who abide in Him shall not be hurt of fection of Anglo-catholicism. By birth, the second death. He is the Bright and Morn- by education, by disposition, by all the ing Star- and on them who love Him most, gifts of nature and of grace, in body and watch him earliest and longest, shall the and in mind, he is all that is amiable Sun of Eternity arise in chiefest glory.”—Pp. and attractive. He is introduced to us 181-182.
just as he has completed his university
course, in all the warmth and glow of And the following words are, by our early religious feeling, ready to follow author, put into the mouth of the dying at all hazards wherever conviction leads Margaret.
him. The book commences with a “In retracing my life in these awful hours parting conversation between him and
senior collegian who, though not there rises sin, sin every where-mingling in named, is without doubt Mr. Newman, all, triumphing over all-sin and imperfectness, in which Eustace ventures respectfully, that no penance, no fasting, no mortifications, but strongly, to remonstrate against no outward means ever could cover or atone that concealment and reserve on the for; and this, instead of overwhelming me with higher doctrines of catholicity, which despair, creates its own hope, for then our
the more wary leader for a long time doctrine of the Holy Catholic Faith stands practised. Eustace then departs to seek forth in its great and single brightness—the retirement in Devonshire, with a view vastness of the sense of want throws the soul to prepare for his ordination, which instinctively upon the infinitely vast fountain takes place a few weeks after. In defor its supply--the death of the Son of God is scribing the circumstances of this seen to be a sufficient atonement, and the spot- scene the author gives full play to his less righteousness of the Son of God that only fancy, and one is ready to exclaim, which may be pleaded before the pure eye of “How beautiful-if it were but true! God. He is seen to have wrought the work From this solemnity Eustace hastens to alone, and the bereft and weary soul remembers seek another interview with his “chosen that it was for man, for all men, for whosoever guide,” the consequence of which is will, and merely and confidingly it throws itself that a matrimonial engagement is by him into His hands hy a strong spiritual act, turning abruptly broken off; for“ how could he, away from the dark record of its own sins, and the advocate of celibacy and poverty, casting away the last rag of even its own conform to the course before him qo's righteousness, hides itself in His mantle, and page 21. A doubt expressed by Eustace feels and knows that it is for ever safe, for He “Whether he could honourably recede
VOL. X.-FOURTH SERIES.
from an engagement which involved so , proceedings in Mr. Macmullen's case, deeply the happiness of a fellow crea- were, in our author's esteem, awful ture," is treated by his college mentor as indications of the hour and power of a temptation, as one of those “specious darkness.” “In the middle of March, ideas of rectitude," by resisting and the brother and sister submitted toovercoming which he would gain the gether to the rite of baptism by a larger honour. Having, with a severe Roman catholic priest.” Both subsestruggle, triumphed over the feelings of quently entered some religious order. nature and the obligations of a solemn The first emotions of Eustace were those contract, the ardent youth proceeds to of rapture. They were, however, quickly occupy a curacy in a large manufac- followed by a deep sense of dissatisfaoturing town, which is not named, and tion, then of bitter but unavailing among a people “half puritanized by sorrow, which, together with his severe spiritual indolence” (!) On his devo- asceticism, soon brought him to his end. tion, his labours, and his success in this This is described in a very touching wide sphere of action, our author en manner; and Eustace dies, apparently larges with evident complacency. At renouncing all mediators except the home he is the monk, inflicting on him- Saviour, and as a penitent sinner placself the privations of poverty, emaciat- ing on him only his hope of salvation. ing fasts, and severe penances. Abroad Interwoven with the latter part of he is the zealous and indefatigable this tale is an affecting episode relatparish priest. And, meeting with a ing to Mr. F., a clergyman who had rector and another assistant fully im- married a younger sister of Eustace, bued with the spirit of catholicism, he who felt compelled, by embracing goes as far, in his public services, into the doctrines of Rome, to separate its forms and usages as the English from a most devoted wife, and his rubric will admit. Here he is joined two beloved children. The various by Augusta, an elder sister, who not incidents attending and following this only sympathizes fully with his views, self-inflicted divorce are told with great and cherishes every catholic tendency, pathos; and no character in the book but is in advance of him in his journey excites a deeper interest than the towards Rome, to which she finally broken-hearted Margaret, who, having leads him. Becoming increasingly dis- been by many arts and much persuasion satisfied, at the advice of his Oxford induced to become a nun, left the house guide, he with another friend travels of her noviciate just before the veil was on the continent, and forms an intimate to have been taken, and died, virtually friendship with “ Father Alphonse,” “a renouncing the errors of Rome, and young catholic priest of most fascinat- trusting only to the merits of the great ing address and singularly accomplished atonement. The conversion of many mind.” This was late in the year 1844. others to the Romish church are also Early in the next year we find him and described, and their various characters his friends at Rome, delighted and and circumstances are graphically poredified with all they see and hear of an trayed. One of these has a deep and ecclesiastical kind. Eustace is just on mournful interest. The lively and the point of being baptized into the ardent Ernestine, who passed from some Roman church, when he and his com- body of dissenters, probably the Quakers, panion are reluctantly and suddenly at once into Anglo-catholicism; thence called home, by the approaching convo- by an easy transition to the Romish cation at Oxford to pass judgment on church; became a nun-found a bible Mr. Ward's publication, “The Ideal of and read it-indicated her love to its a Christian Church,” and on "Tract 90,"truths--died under severe discipline as in order, as his companion reasons, to a punishment, “ unabsolved and without " not allow protestantism the chance of the sacraments," and was “buried as a victory over all our fair fields of labour.” dog is buried,” page 265. The Ideal was condemned, and its In going through this singular proauthor was degraded. The condemna- duction the inquiry has often occurred, al of such flagrant dishonesty, the Is this truth or fiction, reality or
vhich Mr. Ward and his shield-imagination ? Were there really such were compelled to take, together persons as Eustace, and Mr. F., and
censure on Dr. Pusey's sermon Margaret, and Ernestine, and others Eucharist, and the result of the who are introduced, and did such events
happen as are here described ? The holy persons, derived from the Sun of whole is related with so much apparent Righteousness, the Lord and everlasting sincerity, and earnestness, and pathos, light of the church,” (page 20);-the as to render it quite different from the service in the Italian monastery, so style and manner of those works which touchingly described, and so marvelare said to be “founded on facts.” The lously fitted to the circumstances of the intention must have been to give the five seceding clergymen from the impression of reality. With so much English church, who were present as solemnity and circumstantial detail are noviciates, whose sad and disappointed the characters portrayed and the hearts responded to the mournful and incidents related, and with such an air melancholy psalm, which might well be of truth and fair dealing, that one can placed as a motto to the book (pp. 154 scarcely entertain the idea that they —160); the awful storm which occurred are mere sketches of fancy. One is just as the professionoftwoofthese clergyalmost compelled to conclude that the men was proceeding, the dismal gloom, the principal characters, at least, are what rustling vestments, the pealing thunder, the title-page declares, — Companion the lightning flashing around in flamtravellers, who actually made the ing and fearful colours through the tall journey from Oxford to Rome, that is, pointed windows, the bells in the tower who, in the manner related, left the vibrating with an awful sound as if the English church and the Oxford teaching storm were practising a supernatural to join the Roman catholic community; knell," and in the midst of these horrors, or that the work is presented to the “the dark-robed priests that every now public otherwise than in good faith, and then crossed and re-crossed the as a veritable history with some little chancel, seeming to the excited and filling up in subordinate points, just to disturbed imagination like the ruling connect the several parts as a whole, to powers incarnate of all this mighty give to it continuity of narrative, and hurricane ; together with the many exto render it generally pleasing as well traordinary incidents happening so as instructive. But then there is this marvellously opportune, (page 181), seem difficulty, if the principal actors which more like romance than history. Indeed appear on the scene were indeed real cha- the suspicion would sometimes rise, as racters, the circumstances connected with we read on, whether the whole were not their conversion are so remarkable, and a legend, made and told for the benefit the occurrences so recent, that it is of the church; a pious fraud, got up on scarcely possible that they should not the principle that the end sanctifies the have been recognized by many at the means, in order to terrify those who first publication of the work." And in were likely to follow the late secessions addition to this, the author seems to to Rome, and to keep them in the luxuriate in the creations of imagina- English church. But this would be so tion, and some of the scenes and circum- dishonest, so immoral, that we scarcely stances described seem to have a strong know any terms sufficiently strong to touch of the romantic. The extra- denounce the wickedness of such ordinary combination of excellencies in trickery; neither could we reconcile the hero of the tale—his high descent, such an idea with the tone of sincerity his ample wealth, the rich accom- and seriousness which pervades the plishments of his fine intellect, his whole work. It is, then, we feel peralmost superhuman beauty, and his suaded, a mixture of fact and fiction; moral loveliness ; - the whole affair but in what proportion they are blended, of the ordination—the extraordinary where one ends and the other begins, it charge, such as no member of the is impossible to discern. If this lessens episcopal bench, we will venture to say, the interest of the story, and diminishes ever delivered, at least in modern its intended moral effect, it is what is times—the streaming in of the sun- inevitable on the concealment and relight so suddenly, at just such a moment, serve which the author has adopted. and on such a place, with a result There is one thing apparent in this almost equalling the beatific vision on work, whatever else is doubtful, that is, the mount of transfiguration—its effects the monstrous inconsistency of the on the overwhelmed spirit of Eustace, author, who professes to have entered who received it as a pledge of the the Romish church rashly,—“ignorantly grace residing in these holy things and ' -- in unbelief,” and to have committed
sin in so doing, to be now fully alive to for the full restoration of which it so many most important errors in this earnestly pants, are greatly abridged in church, strongly to deprecate the enor- the English church. All good catholics mity of transubstantiation, and the who remain in it,“ work in chains," sit adoration of “the holy sacrament” by and “ weep by the waters of Babylon," “investing the material substance of and mourn over those deficiencies which the blessed elements of the most holy only the Roman catholic church now communion with a Godhead, and wor- supplies. And there is ever the recolshipping and rendering the tribute to lection that this venerated “church of a them; as if those tremendous denuncia- thousand fathers" determines that all tions had never been promulgated, other communities are in the deadly sin which awfully charge 'to adore thé of schism, which must be extremely Invisible, and Him alone;' or as if the galling to catholic feeling. There are creation of a yet purer and higher form two considerations which strengthen of law could abrogate, and not rather our opinion as to the tendency of eternally establish them”—who de- Anglicanism to Romanism. One is nounces many abuses, and insinuates that it is precisely the view taken by more, and yet remains in such a church, Roman catholics at home and abroad. professing such doctrines, and comply- “ Puseyism remaining such, is of course ing with such practices, shamefully out- heresy; but Puseyism is a step in the raging all the dictates of reason and right direction, and therefore to be enconscience! The excuses, assigned as couraged and forwarded.” Such is the reasons for such conduct, are miserable language of Father Alphonse, page 120. shifts; and the wonder is, how any con- And accordingly an organ of the Romish scientious man can yield to the delusion community in England “wishes them that, in such a case, duty commands his strength and grace to persevere in the remaining in such a community. path along which they are now journey
Surprise has sometimes been expressed ing” (Cath. Direct. 1847, p. 174). It is that any should leave Oxford for Rome; well known, moreover, that the Oxford that any who have gone so far as movement has excited high anticipaPuseyism, should by another step fairly tions throughout papal Europe, and in reach the Roman church; to us it the Vatican itself. Another is, a fact: seems rather a matter of surprise that numbers have already gone over from the example which has been set is not Puseyism to Romanism; and we believe followed by greater numbers. But the that far more of the clergy, and others step involves great sacrifices, requires who have been educated at Oxford, much self-denial, and a determination, have embraced popery within the last not very common, to act out the con- six or eight years, than had joined the victions of the mind at any cost. There church of Rome within the last century, is much, without imputing worse or even since the expulsion of the motives than those to which human second James. THE OXFORD PROTESTnature is always liable, to blind the Ant Magazine for this month (July) judgment and to bias the will
. In gives a list of Oxford seceders to RomanEngland the church of Rome is in an ism since 1841, amounting to sixty, inferior position. It is neither the religion with their colleges and other particuof the state nor of the people. There is lars, and adds that “of members of a strong current of feeling against it. It Cambridge University, the seceders, is merely tolerated as a sect. To join within the same period amount, we this church the laity must lose caste, and believe, up to the present date, to about the clergy forfeit all collegiate honours forty-five, Dublin nine, and Durham and ecclesiastical preferments, together one; a total of more than one hundred, with the powerand influence which attach besides the hundreds whom their teachto a minister of the government church. ing has led, and is leading, to open But that Anglo-catholicism leads to apostacy from the protestant church.” Romanism, and will strongly tend to it This most seasonable periodical has now as long as it exists in any vigour, we reached its fifth number, and from the wonder that any should doubt. There intimate acquaintance which it appears is no form of Christianity with which it to have with all the Oxford movements, has affinities so many and so strong. the spirit and talent which it embodies, The ancient usages of catholicism, in its zeal for protestant truth, its fearlesswhich Puseyism so much delights, and' ness in propounding it, its complete
freedom from the bigotry which too Letter to the Rev. James Pringle, Newoften attends the “no popery cry, castle, on Baptism. By the Rev. JOHN and its extended and extending circula ROBERTSON, A.M., Wallsend. Newcastle : tion, we augur from this publication Barkas. 12mo. pp. 16. very important results. It was our intention to add some
Tue author of this tract was someremarks on a favourite theory of the time ago a respected minister of the author of "From Oxford to Rome," Secession Church, stationed at Walker, that “the Anglican church is the pre
near Newcastle; and its object is to paring type of the church of the latter give an account of the mental process days;" à dream which the earliest by which he was led to resign his dawn of the millennial glory will, we charge, and seek the fellowship of doubt not, dispel; there are also some baptists. Whether it has been published passages of great beauty and pathos in London or not we do not know, but which we had marked for quotation, a few extracts will gratify some of our but our allotted space is occupied. We
readers we are sure, and perhaps occasion have only, therefore, to add, in conclu- a demand for it in parts of the country sion, our sincere congratulation to the remote from that in which Mr. Robertseveral bodies of evangelical noncon
For several years, it formists, that they touch not even the seems, he had thought much respecting famous“ via media” which forms the the baptism of infants, and read many passage “From Oxford to Rome,” and works on the subject, which instead of are not likely to become companion relieving increased his perplexity. The travellers” to those who are taking that reasons which parents assigned for journey; and to express our hope that wishing him to perform the rite were in their separation from a church which unsatisfactory; and the arguments of is the nursery of Puseyism, the full its advocates were in his view incongrowth of which is Romanism, they sistent and contradictory. But the will “stand fast in the liberty where story will be told best in his own words. with Christ hath made us free.'
“Infant baptism I have defended both in Since completing the above, which public and in private ; and as very few parents was in the middle of July, we have had in Secession, and I presume in other churches, an opportunity of reading the preface can answer this question (and no wonder when of the second edition of “From Oxford reasons so different and opposite are assigned to Rome.” In this the author, while by our public teachers), what warrant from cautiously avoiding the use of any pro- scripture have I for baptizing your children? noun which would distinguish the I thought that it was necessary to preach writer's sex, declares unequivocally and repeatedly on infant baptism, not only in my "sorrowfully,” that it is the actual own church, but also in other churches, in work of an actual convert;"—that order that the baptism of infants might really Eustace was a real character, and, if we
be a rational service. The following are the understand rightly, some others also
answers which are generally given to this questhat Leeds was not the manufacturing tion, “You wish your child baptized, will you town referred to ;-and that mistakes state to me your reasons.' 'O sir, it is a cushave been made in determining the liv- tomary thing ; the child is dying, we would not ing persons to whom the several charac- get the box money (30s.); if not christened, ters and circumstances relate. Still there the priest will not bury the child; why, bapis enough of uncertainty as to what is tism, you know, saves and regenerates children; truth and what is fiction, considerably to I want a name to my child; children were weaken the moral force of the intended circumcised, and therefore children should be warning. And nothing in this preface oc- baptized. The word says, the infants of mem. curs to relieve the glaring inconsistency, bers of the visible church are to be baptized.' the utter absence of principle, as it ap- We might enlarge this catalogue of foolish pears to us, in continuing in the church of answers. Never, in a single instance, either in Rome after pronouncing such condemna- Scotland, or in England, did I ever bear of the tion of its errors, and such lamentations Abrahamic covenant. It is really mortifying for the rashness and sin with which a to think that, notwithstanding all our talk purer communion was abandoned. “He about that covenant, the argument deduced that confesseth and forsaketh his sins, from it is really an argument that our people shall find mercy.”
do not comprehend ; you can scarcely read two