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STATISTICAL REPORT FOR 1846 OF THE EDUCATIONAL SOCIETY IN CONNEXION WITH THE BAPTIST WESTERN UNION.
Note 1. No reports have been received from Falmouth or Montego Bay, but as the schools are known to be at least equal to last year, the figures of that year are adopted.
2. From Spanish Town, Annatto Bay, Jericho, Guy's Hill, Ocho Rios, Bethany, Stepney, Clarksonville, and Coultart Grove, no information has been obtained.
3. The classification in reading and arithmetic is according to the plan recom-
4. The various schools are under the inspection of the ministers at whose
HOME PROCEEDINGS. It is important to call the attention of the friends of the Baptist Missionary Society to one or two facts connected with the state of its finances.
For several years the receipts of the Society for ordinary missionary purposes have steadily increased. They amounted in 1843 to
£15,280 1844 to
16,979 1845 to
16,340 1846 to
18,583 1847 to
21,490 The increase here is progressive and gratifying, and, for all purposes, the increase has been in proportion.
But it must be remembered that during the last year especially the legacies and donations were very large-some thousands of pounds larger than usual.
For this fact the Committee desire to record their devout thanksgiving to God and to His grace. It suggests also, however, the importance of systematic and strenuous effort on the Society's behalf. The Auxiliaries have done much less last year than they did in 1845, and thus far in 1847 it is to be feared they are doing still less than they did in 1846. There is a downward tendency which must be arrested at once if the Society is to be kept free from increased embarrassment.
The diminution of income from Auxiliaries is owing to two causes. Fewer churches collect: and collecting churches give less.
In the sixteen following counties eighty-one more churches aided the Society in 1845 than aided it in 1846 : an average of not less than five defaulting churches in each county
Buckinghamshire, deficient 9 churches. Nottinghamshire, deficient 5 churches.
8 Cumberland ...
1 Kent ..........
2 Leicester Monmouth
81 In the nine following counties the Society received aid in 1846 from thirty-three more churches than aided it in 1845.
Cornwall, improved......... 3 churches. Lancashire, improved ...... 5 charebes, Derby
Norfolk ......... Devon
Westmoreland ............... Darham
33 Other counties not named had as many contributing churches as in previous years.
In nearly every county, too, the churches that did contribute, contributed in 1816, on the average, much less than 1845.
For this year the Society can reckon on no large legacies ; but few donations have been as yet received. The receipts from Auxiliaries are thus far even less than those obtained in 1846, so that without strenuous exertions the Society will be at the close of the year in very serious difficulty. The remedy is plain.
Let EVERY church work; and
Let all our churches be always working. The Committee wish for this cause no more than it justly claims ; but acting in their Redeemer's name and for the
2 1 2
world, they request with great confidence that no church will withhold its contribution, and that in each church there may be such systematic and continuous effort as shall secure an adequate result.
AMERICAN BAPTIST MISSIONS. It will interest many of our readers, doubtless, if we lay before epitome of the present state of the missions conducted by our American brethren, as recorded in the report of the American Baptist Missionary Union, which has just reached us. We have especial satisfaction in doing this, as the divine blessing has attended the exertions of these brethren in an unusual degree in some of the fields they have occupied. In reference to the year ending March 31, 1847, they write as follows :
In reviewing the history of the past year, but the all-wise Husbandman knoweth the the executive committee bave perceived so times and seasons, and the nature and many marks of divine favour to the missions, habit of every plant of the field that he hath and so pumerons and gratifying instances of planted, from the cedar-tree that is in Lebanon spiritual prosperity and enlargement, that they even unto the hyssop that springeth out of the invite the attention of the Board to a particular wall; and his wisdom, and might, and affecconsideration of some of them, as an expression tionate thoughtfulness may be seen as clearly of their gratitude to God for his great mercies, where he nightly distils the silent dew as where and as an encouragement and incentive to a he hath divided a water-course for the over. more vigorous prosecution of the missionary flowing of waters, and sendeth on the earth the work. În almost every mission, we might say great rain of his strength. Of this quiet order in every mission from which the annual returns and method, and without observation, have have reached us, God has distinctly manifested been God's spiritual dealings with several of his gracious presence, and in most of them his the Indian missions, with those to France and power to create anew and save. In several Greece, with the Bassa mission, with the Teportions of our missionary field the months of loogoo and China missions, and we may add harvest and the harvest-home shouts of the Tavoy. Though some of these missions are rejoicing reaper have continued through all the “ little among the thousands of Judah,” and in year. Verily “the ploughman has overtaken others has been heard "the voice of weeping, the reaper, and the treader of grapes him that lamentation, and great mourning,” yet in them sowed seed.” Nor have the manifestations of all have been seen, and are still to be seen, the the great grace and power of God been limited foot-prints of Him “whose goings forth have to the more cultivated and productive missions. been of old, from everlasting." They have been no less signal, and are hardly less worthy of devout acknowledgment, where the manifestations have been those of con The whole number of missions sustained by siderate tenderness and gentleness, where the Union is 16, with 50 stations and more strength has been made perfect in weakness, than 93 out stations, under the care of 99 misand where the burdened missionary, knowing sionaries and assistants, and 144 native helpers. Him who had said, “My grace is sufficient for Forty-five of the missionaries are preachers. thee,” has been enabled to glory in his in- The number of churches reported is 108. 1783 firmities, that the power of Christ might rest have been added to the churches the past year on him.
The grace of God hath various on profession of faith; and the whole number admeasurement. The exhaustless fountain is of members is about 10,000. The number of ever full and ever hastening in its glad courses ; schools is 59, and of pupils from 1500 to 1600.
PROSPEROUS MISSIONS. The missions in which the grace of God has most abounded unto their edification and enlargement the past year, are the Shawanoe, the German, the Assam, and the Burman and Karen. SHAWANOE.
pared with the limited extent of the population
to whom these missionaries minister, and the In the Shawanoc mission the annual report adverse circumstances with which they must gives fifty-six as the number of additions to the continually struggle, this increase in the numchurches on profession of faith in Christ; and ber of professed believers is almost unprecea late communication announces the baptism of dentedly large, and displays in a correspondent fourteen others, making the whole number of measure the exceeding riches of divine grace in recent converts seventy. The subjects, with Christ Jesus. three or four exceptions, are Ottawas, Stockbridges, Delawares, Putawatomies, and Shawa
GERMAN. noes; the tribes among whom four missionaries are labouring, with a few female assistants and We are again permitted to report abundant native helpers, at four distinct stations. Com- manifestations of divine favour to this rapidly
growing mission. The stations of Hamburg forced by fines and imprisonment. Messrs. and Berlin, with their numerous out-stations, Lehmann and Hinrichs at Berlin, Mr. Sander bave had large experience of the grace of God at Oberlingen, Mr. Steinhoff at Marburgh and the past year, and the hearts and hands of our elsewhere, and Mr. Oncken at Koenigsberg and brethren have been greatly encouraged and Elbing, not to mention other and severer cases, strengthened. At Hamburg the additions to have been made to feel, by deprivation, the the church in 1846, by baptism, were seventy- value of the rights of conscience and of “freethree, making their whole number, deducting dom to worship God.” losses by deaths and exclusions, 286. New converts have also been added to the little bands gathered at Elmshorn, Pinneberg, Wilhelmsburg, and other out-stations. A like
Ten years our faithful missionaries had toiled delightful progress has been made at Berlin and wept there, and waited for the Lord as they and its associate stations. Seventy-three were that watch for the morning; but the day of baptized in the course of 1846, making their God's visitation was still deferred, and, exceptpresent number 233; of these, 165 are resident ing here and there a solitary token of the in Berlin, and the remaining sixty-eight in ten Spirit's presence and power, those beloved out-stations. The reports from other portions brethren were constrained to believe rather than of this widely extended field are of the same see that “the Lord is very pitiful and of tender cheering character, so far as received. Ten
mercy. At length the time to favour Assam have been baptized at Memel, the eastern ex was fully come. “ An unusual seriousness," tremity of the Baltic, making their number of says Mr. Bronson, “became apparent among church members twenty-five; and six at Bres- the children of the Orphan Institution. It lau. At Marburg twelve were added to the continued steadily to increase. A great imchurch on one occasion; and at various places provement in their daily deportment and a in the duchy of Nassau, in Baden-Baden, and tenderness of conscience began to be visible. Baden see, &c. Twenty-three others were bap. I felt assured that the Spirit of God was setting tized during the same missionary excursion. home to their hearts the instructions they had Nineteen in various parts of Hessia were bap- received. I gave them Pilgrim's Progress and tized on a previous tour. Additional members the parables of our Lord. These were blessed have been received at Stettin, Allenstein, &c.; to their greater awakening: As they read of and in various places, Breslaa, Stettin, and in the man clothed in rags, burdened with sin, Eastfriesland, Westphalia, Elsass, &c., new and turning a deaf ear to the entreaties of his churches have been or are soon to be con own loved family, that he might escape from stituted. In Denmark the church at Aalborg the City of Destruction and obtain eternal life, has had accessions, and its state is prosperous. their own falling tears and earnest inquiries Difficulties have occurred at Copenhagen, and showed that they too felt their perishing conthe missionary connexion with Mr. Mænster dition and need of the Saviour's forgiveness. has been closed.
At length one of the eldest sought an interview Some progress has been made in Hamburg with me. He begged to know what he should and Berlin towards providing suitable accom- do. His sins, he said, were a heavy load, on inodations for public religious worship. At the account of which he had no peace of mind. former place, where the worship-ball has become He had long prayed in secret for light, and for too strait for their crowded assemblies, a lot of a new heart, but his prayer was not heard; he ground has been purchased with a warehouse feared he must perish. He knelt with me in standing on it, capable of holding, with slight prayer. Others were found in a similar state, improvements, 600 hearers. At Berlin, also, a who also had long been in the habit of secret very favourable location has been secured, prayer. The conversation and preaching of where it is hoped the church will be able to our beloved brother Brown was greatly blessed. build a temporary house before the close of the The time appointed for our yearly missionary current year. The funds required for these meeting had come. We suspended the school, objects, in addition to contributions made by and gave ourselves wholly to prayer and conour German brethren, “whose poverty abounded versation, and declaring the glad tidings of salto the riches of their liberality,' were generously vation. At sunrise, noon, and evening, they supplied by British churches and individuals'; came together to hear the word of God. It Mr. Oncken having collected £450, and Mr. was deeply moving to hear the native ChrisLehmann nearly £1200, in their visits to tians plead with their countrymen that they England the last year. Bible and tract would renounce idolatry and embrace the operations have been carried forward with their gospel; and it was still "more affecting to see wonted energy; 387,405 tracts have been the orphan children, one after another, losing issued, in German, Danish, Dutch, and Polish;. their burdens at the foot of the cross, and rising and 5649 copies of scriptures. Also about in the presence of all to tell what God had 5000 copies of other works, such as Memoir of done for them. Truly “out of the mouths of Mrs. Judson, Haldane on Romans, Haldane's babes and sucklings God perfecteth praise." Evidences, Pengilly, &c.
Those scenes will never be effaced from my We regret to add to this cheerful outline of memory. Day and night, which ever way,
1 spiritual progress a darker shade. The princi- turned, I could hear the voice of prayer or the ples of religious liberty, so clearly understood song of praise. The love of God, the boundand widely enjoyed in this country, are but in less, mysterious love of God in dying for sinful the infancy of their development even in Pro- men, seemed to be the theme that filled every testant Germany. Our brethren are still sub- heart. On Sunday, the 29th of November, we jected, at various points, to restrictions en- stood by the water's side ; and in accordance
with the Saviour's command and example, ten prepared the people. A second inquirer came rejoicing converts descended into the baptismal July 6, a third on the 9th, and on the 11th Ko waters, and were “planted in the likeness of Thah-byu left again for Maubee. In Septemhis death.” Seven of this number belonged to ber he reported ten hopeful inquirers, and in the the Orphan Institution. The Lord has thus following month Mr. Bennett writes, “The brought into His church nearly every member Karens are thronging us from Dalla, Sing, of our highest class, and is now filling their Maubee, Kyada, and many places I have not hearts with desires to preach salvation to their heard named-men, women, and children—and countrymen. We trust they may be made all are anxiously inquiring about the religion of effective instruments in spreading the glorious Jesus. There are very many who already gospel among this people. Several of the keep the Lord's day, and read our tracts, and number have good talents for the work; we endeavour to instruct one another the best they hope they will follow in the steps of the Karen can. Heads of families teach their children. apostle Ko Thah-byu.”
There surely is the sound of rain ; and if I might not subject myself to the imputation, of enthusiasm, I would say, “much rain.''
The first baptism of Karens at Rangoon was The awakening influences of the Spirit of God have descended also on many of the on the loth of November (1833), when four Burmese in Arracan. In November last Mr. said Mr. Bennett, "of the plentiful Karen har
were baptized by Ko Thah-a, “ the first-fruits," Ingalls, accompanied by Mr. Vinton, left
vest which these ripened fields present to our Akyab for Sandoway, They stopped at Ram- view.” A fifth was baptized near the close of ree and preached the gospel, continuing their the year (Dec. 18). In 1834 twenty-two were speech till midnight. When the service was closed, the chief men of the city, who had and in the autumn of 1836, by Messrs. Vinton,
baptized by Mr. Webb, in 1835 thirty-eight, quietly listened, came forward in a mass, nearly Abbott, and Howard, along the Rangoon and tilling the house ; and for hours they inves- Irrawaddy rivers, 173. In the winter of 1837– tigated the merits of the Christian religion. A 8. Mr. Åbbott 'made repeated excursions to spirit of inquiry had pervaded the whole region; Maubeo and Pantanau, and received to baptism the nature and claims of the gospel of Christ 117. At the close of 1838 the Rangoon and had been continually discussed; men of in- Pantanau churches had 372 members; among fluence and officers of government, Mussulmans them was the young chief from Bassein, Moung and Burmese, had met from evening to evening Shway Weing. In 1839 large numbers of at appointed "places, for this purpose. At a converts in Maubee and its neighbourhood subsequent period the native preacher reported were waiting to be baptized. Very many at twelve good inquirers, six of whom were ac- Pantanau and the surrounding villages were customed to meet and pray with the disciples. turned unto the Lord. The young chief at At La-doung, near Ramree, it is also reported, Bassein was active, his house a Bethel, and one half of the population have embraced the many from neighbouring and distant villages Christian faith.
were resorting to him to learn to read and how to worship God.” This year (1839) fifty.one
Karens were received by Mr. Abbott to the In the Tenasserim provinces the Karen de privilege of baptism on profession of faith. partment of Maulmain mission has had large The next enumeration of members in connexion increase, as in former years. The church of with the Rangoon Karen churches gives 744. Chettingsville has been revived. In March of In 1843, says the report of that year, 1846, during a protracted meeting, twenty-five work of grace reported the year before had conwere hopefully converted and received for bap tinued with great power. Whole villages, it tism. The Maulmain schools, both Sgqu and was said, were turned to God, particularly in Sho, have shared in common the quickening the Bassein province; and numerous churches and saving influences of God's free Spirit. To were collected with native pastors. Several all the churches in connexion with Maulmain hundreds of converts had passed over the Armission the total additions the last year were racan mountains, mostly young and middleabout 400. God has also showed his great aged men, to be baptized by Mr. Abbott; 259 mercy to the Karens of Ulálı, near Mergui; were baptized by him in January and February wliere, after a series of religious services by Nir. of 1812;" and in the next dry scason (1812-3), Brayton, cigbt were received to baptism, and 13+; beside more than 200 by two native there remained about thirty inquirers.
preachers. The following year many hundreds Among the Karens of Burmah Proper the of converts were received to the churches in work of grace, which is still in progress, had its Burmal Proper, who had been confessed discibeginning some twelve or fourteen years ago. ples of Christ from one to three years. Of the In April and May of 1833, Ko Thali-byu, the two native preachers whom Mi. Abbott had first Karen couvert, made his first missionary specially commissioned for the glorious service, tour to the Maubee villages near Rangoon, one wrote to him from Bassein in 1814;preaching "the gospel of the kingdom and "Great is the grace of the eternal God. Thus, distributing religious tracts. He returned with by the great love of our Lord Jesus Christ, one inquirer; and, said Mr. Bennett, then more than 1550 have joined themselves to the resident at Rangoon, “Ko Thahbyu is very Father, Son, and Holy Ghost. I, Myat Kyau, sanguine that if there were three converts the and Oug Sah, we two, we went forth, and God work would spread rapidly.” His faith, which opened our way, and we went in peace and honoured God, was honoured of God. And joy." About an equal number have been added the thing was done suddenly, for God had to the churches since that Pentecostal day. In