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as I could. The funeral passed out ; many According to the directions given by you

left the house ; but some remained, saying, (Mr. Hamilton), our little meetings for read

“ We are not in a hurry to be away, we want ing and prayer have been commenced,

to hear more of that blessed reading." Others Thomas Cooke assisted us yesterday, and we

made similar remarks. Many came to the had two meetings, which were well attended.

house where I lodged that night, having inThe evening one was for the purpose of call- formed each other, as I heard them say, ing the young and thoughtless together, to

“ The old man with his Irish good book is form a Sunday-school, which included the in Thomas Lynch's house." I read for them children of every denomination in the village. Luke vii. viii

. Some of them seemed serious and attentive, and uttered many fervent

expressions of love and gratitude to the I have paid visits to some of my old acquaint

Saviour. ances for the purpose of reading the scriptures. A man named H happened to be present As knowledge extends, the people in a house where I had been doing this, and

begin to see how they have been kept after I had done, said, that any person leaving

in ignorance by their spiritual guides. the church of Rome, on any pretence, would be eternally lost. Í referred him to those all instruction respecting the gospel plan

Carefully taught the rites of their church, passages where we are expressly commanded to come out of Babylon, lest we be partaker

of salvation is withheld from them ; of her plagues, and showed how what was they are consequently profoundly ignosaid of Babylon applied to Rome. I also

rant of the character and perfections of remarked to him that after all the church of God, of the person and work of Christ, Christ was a better foundation than the church indeed of all the essential truths of the of Rome. Wishing, however, to show him gospel. the truth, I quoted the passages from St. Paul which speak of Christ being the only founda As I came across the country, writes R. tion, &c., and I then asked him whether he MOORE, I met with a man at his labour, to thought that it was the church that was to whom I read a portion of God's word. He save him, or Jesus Christ. He acknowledged liked it so well that he sat a long time on the that it was Christ alone who could. We wall. I then opened more fully on the subparted better friends than we met.

ject. He told me that poor Romanists were

lost, for that the priests kept them in great John Nash has found, in his district in ignorance. We talked about the education Kerry, continued proofs of the improved of his children, when he said they should go state of mind of the peasantry.

Their to our school at Tully, and that neither priest desire to hear the scriptures increases, nor bishop should keep them back, or keep and the delight they express while them in ignorance for the time to come. listening seems to become intense.

In the house of J. M., says John JUDGE, A GOOD JOURNEY.

I read the Scriptures both in English and Wishing to extend the knowledge of Jesus, Irish, as some who were there did not underI took a journey to Tralee, visting poor stand the former. Having endeavoured to and ignorant familes, reading the glad tidings show them the plan of salvation, and the of salvation to them. Some whom I used to danger of trusting to self-righteousness, and know had gone to America, many more into of not repenting and believing the gospel, eternity. But numbers remain who are in the man said he never heard anything said quiring after the true way of salvation, by his priest at any time on these things.

Into one house which I entered, I found They all seemed delighted, and wished me to the people talking of poverty and sickness. come again, I spoke to them of the Friend of sinners, who could feed both body and soul. I read The opposition which the spread of Matt. xiv. and xv. to them. The man of the truth stirred up some time ago seems the house said, “We are thankful to you for on the decline. It has been borne telling us the blessed words of the Saviour ; meekly and in a Christian spirit, and for when we think of what you read for those who have come out of Rome and us, that causes us in our poverty and distress joined our churches, have manifested to put our trust in him."

so much patience and forbearance as to

disarm hostility of some of its fierceness. I went into a house where many people

John MONAGHAN were waiting for a funeral. I began to read the ninth of John. All listened attentively. Priestly opposition has alınost ceased for Many more came in. I proceeded to read some time past, and if things continue in this the following chapter, making such remarks state, I hope for good results. The people





are daily increasing in their desire to read, , are to encourage, the feeling is conand hear the Scriptures read to them. Pre- stantly present of deep regret that many judice and superstition are evidently giving places, in the western district, presentway; and many who six months ago would ing most inviting prospects of success, think it a gross violation of their principles to hear the Bible , are now carefully reading and especially at the present time, cannot be

occupied. Mr. Hamilton's labours in studying it.

Ballina alone require all his time. To leave it, except very occasionally, for

the out-stations would be abandoning a Last January I urged a man to accept a sphere of usefulness becoming more tract from me. He refused. Passing his important every day. What is to be house a few days after I left one for him done we know not, unless the society's with his wife, requesting she would have it income be greatly augmented, and that read to him. I had not much intercourse

speedily. with him after this until lately, when he called upon me saying he had read the tract over and over, and that he believed it to be a most excellent one ; and he now came in The priests round about here, says John hopes I would give him a full explanation of Cooke, cannot prevent the people from its statements. I read it over to him, com- coming to the meetings. The priest of this paring the doctrine taught and the texts parish went to another parish, last Lord's day, quoted with their contexts in the Scriptures. to oppose them with all his influence. Olie While thus engaged, he made several in of the people told him he might as well hold quiries, paying the strictest attention. After his tongue until he could show his charity as we had finished, he said, “ Well, we Roman- the preachers did whom he called heretics. ists are no Christians, we have only the name. We are kept in ignorance of the Scriptures. From this moment I will read the Bible, and I was in Tully last Lord's day, and held every other good book I can get, not caring a meeting at noon. The priest had been who may hinder.” I am glad to find he hunting and scolding all he could hear of as sticks to his resolution.

attending the meeting. He was just gone

when I came. The Romanists whom he tried Whilst laying such facts as these prevent attending accompanied me to the before our readers, calculated as they house of prayer without fear or dread.


POSTSCRIPT. The brethren in Ireland have suspended all relief operations in their districts except to aid those who are sick in fever. Whatever remains of the Relief Fund, and what provisions our agents may have in store, will be kept to meet any exigences which may arise during the winter.

The want of employment in Ireland becomes greater, and as winter approacles will be yet more severe. The late calamity has limited the means of all parties, high and low, while trade has been fearfully depressed. The recent measures of government can hardly have adjusted themselves to the new circumstances in so short a time. It will be a time of bitter trial. We hope no farther appeal will be necessary, but it is right that our friends should be prepared for it. Should

any of our kind friends be preparing to send any clothing, we would suggest as the best, at present, bed-clothing of all kinds. It was painful to the last degree, when recently in Ireland, to see one's brethren and sisters in Christ, without such a thing as a bed to lie on, and scarcely a blanket to cover the wisps of straw on which the whole family slept.

If communications to the Secretary have not met with that prompt attention which has been usual, he must crave indulgence, for since his return from Ireland, up to the time of writing these lines, severe illness has almost precluded any attention whatever to busiöess.

Contributions in our next.

Subscriptions and Donations thankfully received by the Treasurer, Edward Smith, Esą. 60, Old Broad Street; Rev. J. Angus, and by the Secretary, Mr. FREDERICK TRESTRAIL, at the Mission House, Moorgate Street; and by the pastors of the churches throughout the Kingdom.






NOVEMBER, 1847.*




As the eighteenth century was draw-| the duty of ministers to call upon the ing to a close, this controversy dis- unregenerate to repent of their sins and turbed and divided our churches believe on Christ for salvation. This was in most parts of the kingdom. The denied by someable and worthy men, who point at issue was of the utmost im- allowed that the ungodly might be portance, inasmuch as it involved the urged to read the scriptures, attend the obligations of man to believe whatever house of God, and use the means of God has revealed in his word, and be- grace, but maintained that exhortations cause of its influence upon the Christian to repentance, faith, obedience, and ministry. Although it cannot be called holiness must be confined to sensible in the strictest sense a

denomina- sinners and believers. tional controversy, as it affected the That these questions should have interests of the universal church, and divided our pastors and churches in good men of all persuasions either took bygone days, may well astonish those part in the discussion, or watched its who interpret the writings of inspired progress with deep solicitude, yet it is men in accordance with their preaching, a well known fact, that our own minis- and exalt the oracles of God above ters were in the heat of the battle, all systems of divinity; yet the conand felt most of its consequences. troversy produced so much envying

The controversy arose out of the and strife, that the baptist body was general spread of hyper-Calvinism kept in a state of painful agitation for amongst the baptist churches of this the best part of half a century, which country during the middle of the last did not cease till a happy change had century, and this led to a careful in- taken place in the preaching of its vestigation of the extent of human ministers and in the sentiments of the ability in religion, and how far it was people.

4 R


It is matter of history that the pastors ance of the Holy Spirit, either repent who presided over our churches prior to or believe; yet it will not therefore the revolution of 1688, and for the follow that impenitency and unbelief next fifty years, were untainted with are no sins ; if these be sins, then the the spurious Calvinism of a later date, contrary must be their duty.”+ Thirteen as may be shown by an appeal to their ministers signed this letter in approval writings, which set forth the fundamental of its sentiments; among whom are doctrines of the gospel, in connexion the names of Kiffin, Knollys, Dyke, with their relative duties and obliga- Collins, and Coxe; all of them belonging tions. So far back as the year 1646, to the Calvinistic section of the baptist when seven of the London churches denomination ; yet they maintained published a confession of their faith, that it was the duty of sinners to they stated in the twenty-fifth article, believe the glorious gospel of the blessed that “the preaching of the gospel to God, and to bring forth fruits meet for the conversion of sinners is absolutely repentance. Benjamin Keach was a free,” warranting “the naked soul, a contemporary of those venerable men, sinner and ungodly, to receive Christ and few persons in our day will doubt crucified, who is made a prince and a his soundness in the faith, but he did Saviour for such sinners as through the not shun to warn sinners of their gospel shall be brought to believe on danger, or to urge upon them the him." Thirty years later, when the duties of repentance and faith ; for subtle points involved in this contro- when preaching to his unconverted versy had disturbed a few churches in hearers he said, “ Labour to get a full the west of England by raising doubts sight and sense of your lost and undone in the minds of individuals respecting condition by nature. Labour to get an the obligation of unconverted men to interest in Jesus Christ. How long pray, Andrew Gifford of Bristol wrote hath he stood knocking at the door of to the London ministers for advice and your hearts. Oh, fear lest he depart! instruction, and received from them an Sinner, hasten to him and open the admirable letter, which Ivimey has door.”¥ Bunyan was of the same age given entire. “If it be objected,” say and stamp as Keach, though vastly his the writers, " that such persons have superior. Let us hear the glorious not the Spirit, therefore ought not to dreamer on his manner of preaching pray; this objection is not cogent, for the gospel. Here is a specimen from his asmuch as neither the want of the sermon to “ Jerusalem Sinners.” “SinSpirit's immediate motions to, or its ner, go in thy own colours to Jesus assistance in the duty, doth not take off Christ. Put thyself among the most the obligation to the duty. If it would, vile, and let him alone to put thee then also from every other duty; and among the children. Thou art as it consequently all religion be cashiered. were called by name to come in for If the obligations to this and other mercy. 'Begin at Jerusalem' is thy call duties were suspended merely for want and authority to come. Wherefore up of such motions and assistance, then man, and shoulder it. Say, stand aside unconverted persons are so far from devil, Christ calls me. Stand away unsinning in the omission of such duties, belief, Christ calls me. Stand away all that it is their duty to onit them. 'Tis my discouraging apprehensions, for my certain no man can, without the assist

+ Ivimey, vol. 1. p. 417–420, • Crebs, rudi. Appendix, page 16.

Sermon for Mr. Jobn Norcot.

Saviour calls me to him to receive / man and taught every man in all wisdom, mercy. Wherefore, let all the angels that he might present every man perfect make a lane, and all men make room, in Christ Jesus. The fathers and that the Jerusalem sinners may come to founders of our churches were as sound Christ for mercy.” Passages, though Calvinists as Calvin himself, but happily not equal, in beauty to this, yet the their Calvinism did not hinder them same in sentiment and spirit, might from making the fullest and most free be taken from the writings of many offer of salvation even to the chief of other ministers who filled and adorned sinners. It was reserved for a later and the pulpits of the baptist denomina- darker period in the history of our detion at the close of the seventeenth nomination to witness the introduction century ; but time and space forbid. of the non-invitation scheme. One specimen, however, of the preach The origin of this evil has been laid ing with which our churches were fa- to the charge of Skepp and Hussey, two voured at the commencement of the baptist ministers of some distinction in eighteenth century may not be out of the last century; the former settled in place in a rapid sketch of this con- London, the latter at Cambridge. “I betroversy. It is from a funeral sermon lieve," says Andrew Fuller, “no writer of preached and published in the year eminence can be named before the present 1702 by Mr. Piggott of London, “Let century, who denied it to be the duty me entreat you,” are his words to of men in general to believe in the sinners, “by all that is sacred, by Lord Jesus Christ for the salvation of the joys of heaven and the torments their souls. I think Mr. Hussey was of hell, by the interest of your never the first person, who by the general dying souls, by Christ's bloody sweat tenor of his writings laid the foundation in the garden, and his agony on the for this sentiment.”+ Hussey was a cross, that you immediately close with | man of learning and piety, a popular Christ, and receive him as offered in preacher, and much esteemed by a large the gospel ; submitting to his sceptre, circle of friends. He was a disciple as well as depending on his sacrifice, and admirer of Dr. Crisp. In conthat you may be eternally lodged in demnation of ministers who enjoined the bosom of his love."

the duties of repentance and 'faith on These are samples of the preaching the ungodly, he said, “where doctrines heard in our chapels before the Com- of Christ have been spied out, they monwealth and after the Restoration, have been presently murdered, orknocked when hardly anything was taught in the down by shooting from the stalking pulpits of the establishment but the divine horse of use and application. Ah! right of kings, the efficacy of sacraments, vile doings among soul murderers ! and and passive obedience to the civil text murderers ! who go and let out the magistrate even in religion. The stern life of a text, and kill it upon the spot." I Calvinists of that age felt no scruples Justice to the memory of those good in exhorting unconverted men to flee men demands the acknowledgment, that from the wrath to come, by trusting in their design was to secure to the Spirit the merits of the Redeemer ; for, though of God the sole glory of renewing and they held, and gloried in what are called sanctifying the souls of men ; but it the doctrines of grace, they followed the has been well said, that if one class of example of Paul, who warned every

| Fuller's Works, vol. ij. p. 138, note. Piggott's Funeral Sermon for Mr. Harrison. $ Claude's Essay, by Robinson, vol. li. pp. 327, 328.


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