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5. Sermon. 6. Reading of the church cove “ The bearer hereo , our beloved brother, nant with the consecrating prayer. 7. Fellow- Flavel SAURTLEFF, being a man of good ship of the churches by the Moderator of the moral character, real piety, and sound know. council. 8. Address to the church. 9. Con ledge of divine things, and having been called cluding prayer.”—Pp 181, 182.

to the exercise of his ministerial gifts, of which Ecclesiastical councils are called on

we have had considerable trial, both in private many other occasions ; as, for example,

and public, we have judged him worthy, and when a church has invited a minister to do, therefore, hereby LICENSE and authorize the pastoral office, and he has expressed him to preach the gospel wherever he may have his willingness to undertake it.

a call; not doubting but that in dae time, cir

cumstances will lead on to a more full investi." For this purpose a council of pastors and ture of him in the MINISTERIAL OFFICE, by delegates is assembled by letters missive to the ordination. In the meantime, we recommend neighbouring churches, with a deputation from him to favour and respect, praying the Lord the church itself, before whom are laid the pro- may be with, and abundantly bless him. ceedings of the church in calling the candidate, “Done at our regular meeting, Dec. 19, 1814, with his answer, his original licence to preach, and signed by order and in behalf of the and the vote of the church admitting him as a church. member. The candidate then gives an account

“ WILLIAM STAUGHTON, Pastor." of his religious experience, states the evidence –Pp. 274, 275. of his call to the ministry, and presents his views of Christian doctrine and church order.

Mr. Wenger coincides with us in the All the members of the council are at liberty to opinion that every man who understands question him freely. The council, if satisfied, the religion of Jesus Christ has a right declare by vote that they find all the proceed to teach it. He closes a number of ings in accordance with approved usages of the remarks on what are called “laymen," churches, and proceed to recognize him publicly

by saying, as a minister of the gospel, and as the pastor of “Not to dwell longer upon this topic, we may that church,

safely say, in general, that all the functions “ It is always to be borne in mind, however, which, under ordinary circumstances, devolve that the duties of the council are not limited to

upon the regular officers of churches, may, the mere preservation of regularity in the forms under extraordinary circumstances, be performed of proceeding. They have come together to by other members of it ;—and that teaching discharge a solemn duty to the church that con

and preaching, in particular, must be acknowvenes them, to the churches at large, and to the ledged to be the duty of all who possess the Saviour. It is their duty to inquire very care- requisite time and mental and spiritual qualififully into the moral character, the piety, the cations for it, provided they abstain from all doctrinal views, and the literary qualifications unwelcome interference with the work specially of the candidate; to ascertain whether he entrusted to the regular officers.”—P. 10. possesses theological knowledge, practical talents, and good sense, adequate to the arduous

Mr. Wenger's opinions generally corand responsible work of the ministry. They respond more nearly with our should also attend to any objections which may respecting the minutiæ of church busibe made from any quarter, previous to or during ness than those of our transatlantic their deliberations. By consenting to his ordi- brethren ; though in some cases even dation, they attest before God and men their he carries church authority farther than confidence in him as a minister of Christ. If

we should. He maintains that a church everything is satisfactory, the council vote to ought not to permit one of its members proceed to the public services of ordination.”- to be married by a minister of the Pp. 198, 199.

national church. He argues at some

length that it is wrong for a dissenter Here follows a document such as it is to choose this course, and we think he probable that neither Paul nor Peter proves it; but we cannot go with him ever saw. The words distinguished by in the introductory sentence, in which capitals are so distinguished in the he says, original. It is a licence to preach the gospel!

“ A Christian church is not at liberty to

allow its members to submit to any religious " To ALL WHOM IT MAY CONCERN,

ceremony, in connexion with these events, “ The Baptist Church in Sansom Street, which is contrary to duty or the word of God, Philadelphia, send Christian salutation. And that for a dissenter to be married by the



clergyman of an established church is contrary Letters of introduction were evito duty and the word of God, must, we think, dently in use among the first churches, be evident from the following considerations : under apostolic sanction. Paul speaks &c.”—Pp. 239, 240.

of them to the Corinthians as needed

by strangers, though not by himself and As it is important that members of his fellow-labourers. It is highly deEnglish churches emigrating to America sirable that Christians going among should be furnished with credentials, it brethren to whom they are not permay be acceptable to some of our sonally known, whether out of their readers if we insert the following forms : own country or in it, should provide

themselves with such documents as will facilitate their prompt reception to the

advantages of fellowship. “ BOSTON,

184 « To the

Baptist church in “ This certifies, that

is a member, in good standing, of the Baldwin Place Peace (Permanent and Universal) the Lau

of Christ.

London : Peace Society, Baptist Church, and, in compliance with

19, New Broad Street. 12mo. pp. 118. request, is affectionately recommended and dismissed to your fellowship.

Though this essay was not published “ If, within one year from date, we receive till a few weeks ago, it gained a prize the accompanying certificate, with the blanks in the year 1840. It evinces considerfilled, showing that has been received by able ability, and contains much imyou as a member, or a certificate equivalent portant truth. Like other publications thereto, we shall consider relation to us as

which maintain the absolute unlawfuldiscontinued; otherwise, this letter shall be ness of war, however, it scarcely glances null and void.

at the point which we are most anxious “In behalf of the Church,

to see elucidated. “All war,” says the Cierk."

writer, “is either offensive or defensive;"

and then he proceeds to argue first against “ The foregoing is printed on one leaf of a wars of aggression and then against fightletter sheet, and the following on the other, to ing in defence of our lives or liberties. be filled, certified, and returned to the church But there is what may be called progranting the letter of dismission ; and when it tective fighting, and to this our chief diffiis done, the name of the member is discontinued culty relates. All that can be said refrom its roll.

specting the Christian duty of love to

enemies, the propriety of sacrificing “ This certifies, that mended and dismissed by the Baldwin Place ourselves to the welfare of others, and Baptist Church, in Boston, by a letter dated the unlawfulness of retaliation, we

readily admit; but these are topics Boston, 18—, was, on the

which only bear upon the employment ceived as a member of the


of force in self-defence, not on its emChurch, in

ployment for the protection of others. “ Attest:


Is the employment of physical force for the protection of the innocent and de fenceless in all cases unlawful ? A child

of eight years of age is brutally at“ This MAY CERTIFY, that the bearer, A. B., tacked by a boy of twelve: is it right is a member of the Baptist Church in P., in

or wrong for the child's father to intergood and regular standing, and, as such, is pose, and use all the force that may be affectionately commended to the sympathy, necessary for its preservation from fatal watch-care , and communion of the brethren ing with her father, is brutally at

A daughter of eighteen, walkand the churches.

“ By a standing rule of the church, this tacked by a drunken 'man : is it right letter continues valid only one year.

or wrong for her father to use whatever

physical force may be necessary to prePastor.

serve her from his violence ? A band “ A letter of this kind requires no vote of the of ruffians enter a town, determined to church, but may be given by the pastor or clerk, carry away a lady whom one of them but the fact should be reported to the church, chooses to claim as his wife: is it right and entered on its records.”—Pp. 275, 276. or wrong that the police should be sum

-, recom





moned to resist them, and that if it be adoption of other measures for the not sufficiently powerful for the purpose, settlement of national disputes, and the magistracy should strengthen it ? | while we wish to increase the circulaA neighbouring nation, insane with the tion of the society's publications, as love of what is called glory, or animated beneficial in their tendency, we cannot by bitter hatred, suddenly invades us : unite with it heartily and without reis it right or wrong for the government serve, as for many reasons we would to employ physical force to prevent the wish to do, because we are not convinced landing of the marauders? If in any that the employment of physical force one of these cases the employment of in the defence of others is not in some physical force is admissible, the prin- cases a duty. We say in defence of ciple seems to us to be conceded that others, conscious that readiness to enforce may be repelled by force, in order dure suffering, when it cannot be to protect the peaceable from the lawless; avoided without injuring others, is an and if physical force be employed in the essential part of the Christian character; most gentle, cautious, and reluctant but conceiving also that the prevention manner, there is no saying to what the of crime is warrantable and even inconflict will grow. The truncheon may cumbent in some circumstances in kill as effectively as the bayonet. If which it can only be effected by the the employment of physical force is not prompt exertion of physical power ; in any case allowable, the magistrate is and that there is no discernible limit no longer a terror to evil doers : he to the degree in which it may be embears the sword in vain.

ployed, the kind of instrumentality While we give credit to the Peace which may be used, or the number of Society, and its advocates, for the persons who may combine in using it, achievement of much good, in promoting if it be lawful to employ it at all. If aversion to war, in teaching men to the decided advocates of the Peace régard it as one of the chief sources of Society will turn their attention to this misery and crime, and in urging the view of the subject, they will oblige us.


The Paragraph Bible. The Holy Bible, ac- paragraphs, and the poetical aspect given to the

cording to the Authorized Version. Ar-poetical portions of the text, enhance the value ranged in Paragraphs and Parallelisms. of the edition. This is the second of the three With an entirely New Selection of copious volumes of which the work will consist. References to Parallel and Illustrative Passages, Prefaces to the several Books, and Compendium of the History of Doctrines. By numerous Notes. Job to Malachi. London: K. R. HAGENBACH, Doctor and Professor Religious Tract Society. Pp. 416.

of Theology in the University of Basle. The only deduction from the excellence of

Volume II. Translated by Carl W. Buch.

Edinburgh: T. and T. Clark, 8vo. pp. 483. this publication which we have to mention is, that the type in wbich it is printed, though Though reviewers are reputed to be prone to clear and beautiful, is extremely small. To pronounce censure which authors and publishers bundreds of thousands this is no objection, and regard as undeserved, it is not often we believe to them we can without hesitation commend that they say of a work, It is too cheap. We the work very highly. It condenses into a fear, however, that the extreme cheapness of small compass, with the English text, judicious the series to which this volume belongs enprefaces to the sacred books, chronological tables, dangers its continuance, as it is impossible that explanatory paragraphs on important topics, the price of one pound to subscribers for four many short notes, and an immense number of such volumes as this, or even the half-guinea marginal references. These references per volume charged to non-subscribers, can recannot profess to have examined, but munerate the publishers, unless the sale should believe that they have been compiled with great be very large. It is but just, however, to care, and independently, and we have been Messrs. Clark to say, that for many years past assured that they will be found to be more they have been doing more, we believe, to put pertinent than any that have bitherto been English students into possession of the truly published. The unskilful division into chapters valuable portion of German theology, than all and verses by which our common bibles are other publishers in this island together; and disfigured, not being followed, but marked with that therefore they deserve to be encouraged hy small figures in the margin, the division into generous friends of literature, whether they



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happen to desire the works for their own pe- rest, we think, and sent forth into the world rasal or not. In noticing the first volume of alone, to promulgate facts which ought to be this Compendium we described its character, universally known, but of which writers on and we need only say now that the second church history in general have been studiously volume, which completes it, is all that the first silent. entitled us to expect it to be. It shows the progress and variations of opinion prevalent on

The Benefit of Christ's Death : or the Glorious theological subjects at different periods ; illus Riches of God's Free Grace, which every trates the controversies that have successively

true Believer receires by Jesus Christ, und agitated Christendom; gives a condensed view Him Crucified. Originally written in Italian of the sects that have attracted public atten

by Aonio PALEARIO ; and not reprinted tion; contains in the notes quotations con

from an ancient English Translation ; with firmatory of statements in the text; and is so an Introduction, by the Rev. John Ayre, M.4., constructed as to be itself an index by the aid

Minister of St. John's Chapel, Hampstead, of which yet further research on the topics re

and Domestic Chaplain to the Earl of Roden, ferred to may be pursued The philosophical

London: R.T.S. 24mo. pp. xx., 124. opinions that have prevailed in Germany during

The author, who was born at Veroli abont the last century on subjects connected with the year 1500, being asked one day what was religion are also described, and the whole is the first ground on which men should rest their written with great impartiality and candour. salvation, replied Christ : being asked what was To a genuine student of ecclesiastical history, the second, he replied Christ; and being asked and dogmatic theology, these volumes will what was the third, he still replied, Christ. prove invaluable.

This was enough to indicate his heterodoxy; A Condensed History of the General Baptists of, of Christ's Death was demonstration of bis

but the publication of his treatise on the Benefit the New Connerion. Preceded by Historical Sketches of the Early Baptists. By J. 11. guilt. When it appeared,” says a Romish With a Recommendatory Preface and refractory, and could by no means be re

writer, " that this son of Belial was obstinate by J. G. Pike. London : Simpkin, Marshall, covered from the darkness of error to the light : and Co. 16mo, pp. xvi., 376.

of truth, he was deservedly delivered to the We have not been able since the publication fire, that, after suffering its momentary pains of this work, and we are not able even now, to here, he might be found in everlasting flames give it the degree of attention that it deserves.

hereafter.” The efforts made to suppress the It often happens that when a book is obviously work were so far successful that not a copy is of a substantial character, our notice of it is

known to exist in the Italian language ; but it postponed, because we hope that another month was translated into Spanish and French, and we may be able to deal with it more fully than

an English version was made about the year at present; and that then, the next month

1577, of which the small volume before us conbrings with it new and urgent claims, and the Lains a reprint. purpose which has been formed is frustrated. Religion and Poetry; being Selections Spiritual Let this be our apology to Mr. Wood both for

and Moral from the Poetical Works of the past delay and present brevity. To our readers

Rev. R. MONTGOMERY, M.A. Oron, Author we may offer compensation. It is not to be

of Luther," " Gospel in Advance of the supposed that our acquaintance with the statistics of the New Connexion of General

Age," &c., &c. With an Introductory Essay

by Archer Gurney, Author of " King Charles Baptists, with the details of their history, or the First,"

Second with the operations of their societies, is very

Translator of Faust.

Edition. London : James Nisbet and Co. minute: we are enabled therefore by the delay

16mo. pp. 345. to give a much more valuable opinion than our own of the correctness of the work, and of its There is a Montgomery who was extensively satisfactory character to the body to which it known as “Montgomery the poet," before Mr. refers. The General Baptist Repository says, Robert Montgomery had learned his alphabet. “ The statistical information it contains is as This is no discredit to the latter gentleman, and complete as can be desired, and has been ob- ought not to have impeded a just appreciation tained at immense labour. Its notes and of his verses ; but it has been his misfortune, biography are of great value, and rescue from ever since his first appearance as an author, to oblivion worthy names, both of the Old and be prodigiously puffed, by writers who have New Connexion. In short, the volume contains thought fit to overlook the existence of his a more numerous and better arranged mass of illustrious namesake, and who have spoken of historical, biographical, and statistical detail, “ Montgomery” and “ Montgomery's poems" than has ever been presented in even a much in a way that could hardly fail to startle' men a larger space concerning the General Baptists, little older than themselves. This may perhap3 both ancient and modern.” To this testimony have done something towards producing what we have pleasure in adding that it is not to the Mr. Archer Gurney complains of, as "unGeneral Baptists alone that this work will be ceasing and would-be-contemptuous ridicule in acceptable; by others it will be valued as a the pages of very many of the chief periodicals compendium of information respecting a little of the day.” After having endeavoured to lay known but very estimable section of the church. aside prejudices of every kind, however, we are The introductory portion, which relates to the unable to rank ourselves among the admirers of first seventeen centuries, has special claims to Mr. Robert Montgomery's productions; but, universal attention. This part of the work any of our readers wish to taste for themmight be advantageously detached from the selves, they will find copious and diversified

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pp. 112.


pp. 71.

specimens in this volume, in which the editor of infidelity, that it may be rendering an imand the publishers have executed very respectably portant service to some parents if we mention all that belonged to their departments,

to them a periodical in which young people will

find much that is amusing, but in which we An Amended Translation of the Epistle to the have not detected any sinister bias. This mage

Hebrews. By HENRY CRAIK. London: zine avoids religious and political discussion, 12mo. Price 6d.

but contains instructive pieces on geographical, Though the preface, translation, and notes historical, and biographical subjects, as well as occupy together no more than thirty-two pages,

humorous tales. The editor avows a desire

“to cultivate the honest common sense, and the preparation of this tract has evidently cost the author much study. He tells us that it is

instil the upright healthy spirit, which so pe" the result of repeated and attentive perusal of culiarly distinguish the English character." that portion of the New Testament, and of The part before us completes the fourth volume. early and long continued familiarity with the Greek scriptures.” He has proceeded on the RECENT PUBLICATIONS principle of not altering anything in the common version, “without being able to assign

Approved. reasons, more or less cogent, for the change.” The Standard Edition of the Pictorial Bible; The spirit in which the work has been conducted Edited by John KITTO, D.D., F.S.A. With many is that of modest independence, and some of hundred Woodcuts, and thirteen Engravings on

Steel. First half. the renderings are very happy.

Part IX. London: Knight. 800. Apostolical Loosing and Binding, or Remitting and Retaining Sins : together with the Kcys, Facts, Inquiries, and Suggestions, addressed to

The Power of the Press : Is it rightly employed ? and Loosing and Binding, as given to Peter : Members of Christian Churches. London : 16mo. Explained and Illustrated by the Rev. W.

46. Price 6d.
BLACKLEY, B.A., Domestic Chaplain to the
Right Hon. Viscount Hill. Third edition. A Voice from India, The Present State of
London: Hatchard and Co. 32mo. pp. 33.

British Counection with Idolatry and Mahomme

danism, particularly the Government Grant to the To any persons who are perplexed by the Temple of Juggernaut, and numerous other temples lofty claims of those who pique themselves on

in India ; A Leiter to the Right Hon. Sir J. C. the powers they have derived from episcopal Hobhouse, Bart., M.P., President of the India

Board. By the Rev. JAMES PEggs, Late Missionary ordination, or who are unable to interpret to

at Cuitach, Orissa, Author of "India's Cries to their own satisfaction the texts which the

British Humanity," &c. &c. London : Snow. 8co. alleged successors of the apostles are accus. tomed to cite, this small tract may be very serviceable. Mr. Blackley refers the use of

A Brief Memoir of Miss Sarah Saunders, with

Nine Letters addressed to her during her last Illness. " the keys” given to Peter, to his “ opening

By John FOSTER. London: RT.S. Pp. 151, 12mo. the door of faith to the Gentiles;" and shows that there is no other " loosing and binding” to

A Brief Sketch of the Life of the late Sarah be looked for but in the writings of the apostles. Martin of Great Yarmouth, with Extracts from her "If then we would know what we are loosed Writings and Prison Journals. A new edition, from, and bound to, we must look there, and with additions. London: R.T.S. pp. 140, 24mo. nowhere else."

The Lives of the Cæsars, or the Juvenile Plutarch. Way-side Verses. By W. J. Brock. Lon By CATHERINE SINCLAIR. London: R.T.$. 24mo. Houlston and Stoneman. 16mo. Pp. 172. Price 18. 6d.

Tract Society's Monthly Series. The French If our readers are pleased with the specimen Revolution, London : 24mo. pp. 192. Price 6d. we have given on page 699, as we think they will be, we can assure them that they may find

Family Memorial, or an affectionate Tribute to the in the volume several others quite as good.

Memory of Mr. Daniel Poole Goddard, his beloved

Wife, and Youngest Daughter. By the Rev. H.
It may be well to say that the author is not HOLLIS. London: Longuun. 24mo. Pp. 140.
Mr. Brock of Norwich. The pieces are not
generally on strictly religious topics, but a good

The Book of Bible Characters. By CHARLES

BAKER. Third Edition. tendency as well as a poetic spirit pervades

London: Educational them.

Deposiiory. 32mo. pp. 96. Price 1s.
Sharpe's London Magazine : a Journal of

Hymns adapted to the Comprehension of Young

Third Edition en-
Entertainment and instruction for General Minds. By ANNE HOULDITCH.

larged. London: Ward and Co. 24mo. pp. 82.
Reading. With Elegant Wood Engravings.
Part XXIV. October London : 8vo The Eclectic Review. October, 1847. Contents.
Price Eight-pence-halfpenny.

I. Hamilton's Congregational Lecture. Doctrine of

Rewards and Punishments. II. The Birds of Some of our readers may perhaps think that

Jamaica. III. Egyptian Antiquities. IV. Memoirs what is called light literature is more likely to of the Rev. Charles Simeon. V. Memorabilia of be injarious than beneficial to themselves and Socrates. VI. Prison Reform Abroad, VII. Mrs. their families; but others, believing that it Sinnet's Bye-Ways of History. VIII. Harvey s has its uses, consider it better to regulate than

Algæ of the Southern Ocean, IX. Paul Gerhardt : to prohibit its introduction. So many works

a Tale of the Lutherans. X. Dissenting Agitation

– The Manchester Controversy. London: Price 28. 64. of attractive aspect are however immoral and irreligious, so many are intended to disseminate Oxford Protestant Magazine. October, 1847. O.ccovertly the principles of Romanism or those ford: 860 pp. 56. Price 18.


don :

pp. 152.

4 X

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