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which has happened to many young men, also on account of the old feelings of and has been their ruin."
despondence and fear which yet occaIn his twenty-third year he attended sionally troubled me; still I was obliged an association meeting at Maesyberllan to believe, and it was wondrous in my in Breconshire, where he met several eyes.” He arrived in this neighbourministers from North Wales, and espe- hood about the middle of the year 1789, cially Messrs. Thomas Morris and John and early in 1790 he was ordained to R. Jones of Ramoth. These brethren the pastoral office ; this took place at represented to him the great necessity meeting-house called Salem, and the there was for additional preachers in the officiating ministers were Messrs. John north, and earnestly besought him to Evans of Roe and Thomas Morris of accompany them thither. This, with Anglesea. During the same year he much fear he consented to do ; and was united in marriage to Catherine behold him leaving his native district Jones, a member of the church under for the first time, and going forth, not his care. She was a young woman of knowing whither he went.” “I went,” strong mind, with much aptitude for he says, “ with them through Merioneth- theology, and proved herself a helpshire, and then proceeded into Caernar- meet to him for many years. His lavonshire, and preached wherever I bours here, amongst a very poor people might, till I got down into the extreme and extended over a large neighbourcorner of the country called Lleyn. The hood, calling him out in all weathers baptists there were few and poor ; they, and keeping him out from his home, however, besought me to spend some night after night, and for a remuneratime amongst them, which I did. Im- tion that barely sufficed to procure him mediately I experienced a remarkable and his wife the veriest necessaries of change in my views and feelings : this life, were abundantly blessed. A special referred to these particulars—confidence benediction rested upon him; “ a breeze in prayer; a care for the cause of Christ; from the New Jerusalem,” he writes, and new or additional light on the plan many years afterwards, “ descended of salvation.” In a note on the margin upon me and on the people, and many of his MS. he adds, exegetically, “I then were awakened to eternal life.” During felt that I died to the law; abandoned the first year he baptized fifty persons, all hope of preparing myself to apply to and not less than eighty sought for the Redeemer; and realized the life of church-membership, as the result of his faith and dependence on the righteous- ministry in the course of the second. ness of Christ for my justification.” The The success of the first year was not happy consequence was that he ex- continued; that of the second year was, perienced a strange facility and power in good part, lost to his connexions by in his ministry, while his own doubts the addition, from under his ministry, and fears were dispersed, giving way to made to the Methodists. This disrepose and assurance, and finding“ peace couraged him considerably. He was and joy in believing." He found it not satisfied with the character and difficult to believe the testimony of spirit of the leaders of his own conthose who applied for membership when gregation; and all these things comthey attributed their conversion to his bined, he felt himself prepared to ministry, “because,” he observes, “I leave. had been for three years preaching and One John Jones of Nantglyn, in had never received any intimation that Anglesea, came to Lleyn to invite Mr. one sinner had been converted, and Evans to that island; and this the latter
regarded as a providential intimation. , divisions, to cry for mercy and the “I and my wife went to Anglesea," he restored light of his countenance. A records, “on a day of heavy snow, about meeting of this character was held at Christmas time:” this would be in the Llanerchymedd. “After that meeting," year 1792. It should, perhaps, be re- he observes, “it pleased the Lord to corded that the pecuniary temptation to bless us,—to increase our hearers, and to go to Anglesea was “a promise of seven- bring many to Christ.” Mr. Evans then teen pounds a-year !" This he mentions divided the island into four districts, 80 in his MS. without any remark; ap- that by preaching at three places every pearing to think it was all that, at the Lord's day, he might be able to visit time, the people could give him; and every little band of disciples, and hold a this is, probably, the truth. The sentence sabbath service once a month. To this has a significant close; he says that he added untiring labours during the Mr. John Jones promised him seventeen week :-visiting the people at these great pounds a-year "for serving Anglesea ;" distances, keeping church-meetings, ati. e., the whole island ; meaning, of tending to all the church affairs, and, course, all the baptists of the island. soon afterwards, looking out for sites for They were not numerous, separated into places of worship; getting money-borseveral small societies, and maintaining rowing it, of course to erect these an intimate connexion with each other. “ houses of prayer,” and burdening himThey thus invited him to take the self with much of the labour connected pastoral charge of the whole; as also with the superintendence of such work, their ministerial charge, with such helps and with all the care. “The burden of as the few preaching brethren amongst the day" he resolutely bore, and the them might afford. To Christmas Evans, heat thereof” he as courageously enand in the history of the baptist denomi- dured, satisfied, yea, more than satisfied, nation in Anglesea, this was an important when the Head of the church vouchepoch, and in respect to the latter, its safed to smile upon his spirit, and consequences are still far from being make his labours a blessing. exhausted. His crossing the Menai His poverty was at this time great, 80 Straits on the Christmas day of 1792 great that he distinctly specifies the necesappeared, at the time, a most trivial sity he was under to print a small pamevent; but it was one link in a chain phlet occasionally, that he might get a few that was to embrace multitudinous pounds for his inevitable expenses, and occurrences of vast interest and grave then to go from home to sell his little issues, involving the consolidation and book. “It pleased God," he piously extension of the cause of Christ, and the observes, “ to bring two benefits out of conversion of many souls to God. Thus my poverty; one was the extension of it is that “ the smallest thing rises into my ministry, so that I became almost as consequence when regarded as the com- well known in one part of the princimencement of what has advanced, or is pality as the other; and secondly, he advancing, into magnificence."
gave me the favour and the honour to He found the state of things in his be the instrument of bringing many to new charge to be of the most discourag- Christ, through all the counties of ing nature. His first step was very Wales, from Presteign to St. David's, characteristic: he exhorted all the and from Cardiff to Holyhead." members to keep a day of fasting and In 1794, during Christmas Evans's prayer, to humble themselves before journey through the south, he attended God on account of the sin of their the association at Velinfoel, in Caermar
thenshire. All bodies of dissenters in On such occasions very large congregathe principality hold annual meetings, tions would frequently assemble, the which they call associations. Among preacher would have to address thouthe independents and baptists these are sands of human beings; it is keeping unions of a certain number of churches; quite within compass to say, that John and the annual meeting has the double Elias, Ebenezer Morris, William Wilpurpose of transacting business in con- liams, Christmas Evans, and other exference, members of churches and cellent men, their contemporaries and ministers alone being present; and of coadjutors, many times addressed conpreaching to the inhabitants of that gregations varying from two to fifteen particular neighbourhood. The preach- thousand. This was always at the very ing is always in the open air, if the beginning of the summer, with the green weather permits. A large scaffolding is sward under foot, and the blue heavens erected in a field, or on the mountain above! In this instance, at Velinfoel, side ; on this the officiating preacher Mr. Evans was to preach at the mornstands, surrounded by the other minis- ing meeting, which commenced at ten ters who attend and other friends; and o'clock. The day was very sultry, and thence he addresses the congregation. two good brethren were to preach The feeling formerly induced by the before him; the second in English. approach of such a meeting in the The latter was long, or seemed to be locality where it was to be held, was long; and when Mr. Evans was to begin thoroughly jubilant ; and assiduous pre- his discourse the people seemed wearied parations were made so as to be able to and jaded. His subject was the return abstain from labour during the two days of the prodigal son ; as he proceeded, of the association, and "to entertain one man, who had sat down on the
gers." These hospitalities were not grass, got up here, another there; the confined to the members of the particu- people closed in together about the lar denomination whose forces were to platform, looked hard at the preacher, assemble, but cheerfully exercised by nodded approvingly to each other, wonpersons of all communities and of none. dered, felt, wept, wept aloud, at once It was a common thing for the clergy- with joy and sorrow; powerful emotions man of the parish to have open house, were produced that continued through and readily to entertain those that were all the remaining services, and remained sent to him. A truce was now given to in many hearts for their everlasting all religious differences; and I have been salvation. This was his first introduconce and again told by a kindly officious tion to South Wales of so prominent a brother, directing me to my lodgings, character ; and it made the name of " Please to remember that your host is Christmas Evans," the one-eyed man,” a pædobaptist,” lest I might inconsider common household words." ately introduce the disputed question !
To be concluded next month.
RESULT OF FIFTY YEARS' LABOUR IN BENGAL. PART II.
ADDRESSED TO TEE ASSOCIATED CHURCHES BY THE RESIDENT MISSIONARIES.
From the preceding remarks, we would gestions, in reference to your carrying hope, dear brethren, that you are now on the cause of the Redeemer in this prepared to receive some practical sug- land. First, then, we will speak of what
may be done by individual Christians. Perhaps both suppositions are true. The The late dealings of divine providence world here, however, has, alas ! strong with his European servants do in effect allurements. Money, ease, and honour say, that the ministry of the gospel to are more easily acquired than in many the heathen must, in future, be supplied other lands. The salaries which mischiefly by the churches in India ; and sionary societies give, fall far short of so imposes a necessity upon them which what persons of only moderate acquirein itself is most natural and just ; for ments commonly receive in secular emwho are under so great an obligation to ploy. Thus the heart is drawn off from this work, as those who are here called Christ's work. Let those, however, who by God to the fellowship of his gospel ? have talents for that work, seriously and who are so naturally fitted for it, consider, that the superior temporal as those whose constitutions, by birth advantages which the world presents, or long residence, are acclimated to the cannot absolve them from their obligacountry—and who, from their child- tion to their Redeemer. If he call them hood are acquainted, in a good measure, by his providence to preach his gospel, with the languages and customs of the then let them not "desire great things people ? Now surely, young men of for themselves,” but cheerfully surrender good natural endowments and liberal all, saying, “Here am I, O Lord, send education who may 'be found in our me.” The Redeemer promises an abundchurches in India, are as much bound ant reward to his servants, but it is to give themselves to the ministry of future. “They that are wise shall shine the gospel, as persons of similar ad- as the firmament, and they that turn vantages in other lands. We know of many to righteousness as the stars for no dispensing circumstances; all that ever and ever. we possess here is as much the Lord's, With this, right-hearted ministers as it is in countries where many devote will be more than content. Our late themselves to Christ's service. Are, honoured brother, Dr. Yates, has left a then, the pursuits of commerce, the noble example of preference of Christ's offices of government, and the various service to secular employ with large kinds of secular employ here available, pecuniary remuneration; and we would still to engross, as they have hitherto indulge the hope that God will dispose done, all the superior talent and know- many in future to do the same. We ledge which Indian Christians may pos- may here mention that facilities will sess ? Are the inferior concerns of time probably soon be provided for the theoand of this world, to be preferred by logical training of pious young men, them to the momentous interest of whom the churches may hereafter furimmortal souls, and the glory of their nish for the ministry of the gospel, as Redeemer ? We would hope better the serious attention of both the society things in future of those who may in England and the mission here is possess qualifications for the gospel mi- being devoted to this important object; nistry. Why this duty should hitherto when it is effected, one great hindrance have been so much neglected, we cannot to entering on the gospel ministry in tell. It may be, that it has not been this country will be removed, and an properly set before our young people ; equally powerful incentive supplied or, it may be, that religion in most is of thereto. so weak a character, that they have not But the number of Christians, even been able to make the sacrifices which when the power of religion most the ministry of the gospel demands. abounds among them, who can give
themselves to the ministry of the word, s ministering brother ? Many persons so is every where comparatively few. The situated have much leisure time, which majority are not called by the Saviour to might be occupied most pleasantly and occupy so public and responsible a sta- profitably to themselves in directing tion in the church. Still every one, such evangelical labours. Our native even the obscurest and feeblest, has churches would supply a sufficiency of something allotted him to do-has a agents for such calls as these. We hope talent committed to his care, with serious attention may be given to this which he is to occupy till the Master suggestion. But those who cannot comes. Each one, then, should undertake to do so much as this in a endeavour to ascertain what that pecuniary way, should make it a matter talent is, that he may use it pro- of conscience to contribute something perly.
equal to their means. Christians who While our churches are not rich, yet live at a distance from stated public many of the members enjoy liberal worship are not called to contribute to its incomes, and some comparative wealth ; support as those are who reside in towns they are able therefore to aid the cause or stations; hence they should certainly considerablyin pecuniary matters. Much, remit at least what it would cost them, it is cheerfully confessed, is given to the were they so situated, to our missionary cause of missions in India; still, were there societies to be devoted to the general more frugality and moderation in living interest of religion. This, we have practised among Christians, and less reason to fear, is not generally done ; concern felt to follow the fashions of living in places but little known, such the world, much more might be devoted persons escape applications for pecuniary to the cause of God than is now given. aid, and the claims of religion not being It is not, however, our intention, to brought thus directly to their notice, dwell on this subject generally; one or they themselves often forget their duty
in . suggest, therefore, that it would con- What shall, then, be said of those duce much to the furtherance of the who enjoy constantly the public means gospel if, in addition to the various of grace, but who contribute nothing, or objects which are now supported, in- next to nothing, towards its maintedividuals would undertake the support nance ? Can they possess any worldly of one or more native preachers,—a good without paying for it; and would burden which we are sure could easily they value it if they did ? We trow not. be borne by many;—a greater interest | Or is it right that Christians in Europe, would thus be felt by them in the results who support the cause of religion among of what they consecrate of their sub- themselves, should also be called upon stance to the Lord, and in the conver- to support it here for them who are sion of the heathen generally, not to say quite as well able to help themselves in that many places now destitute of the this matter? We hold it, then, to be gospel would then be supplied. Are the duty of all church members, and of there not Christian brethren living at all others who enjoy a gospel ministry, the factories and in the country, who to contribute to its support: no one can have considerable numbers of people in be exempted. Those who reap spiritual their employ, or under their influence, benefits are required by God to make a for whose spiritual welfare they might return from their worldly substance. thus employ to advantage a native But we must revert to this subject
VOL X.-FOURTH SERIES.