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credit than, perhaps, was ever before enjoyed by any trader in Sara dinia ; for in this island mercantile probity is rarer than among you in England; and that wonderful confidence between man and man, which enables your countrymen to work miracles both in political and mercantile finance, is here almost entirely unknown." ;

pp. 85–88. Many of the Majolo's general observations, which appear at first paradoxical, or which startle by their boldness or novelty, will be found, on examination, to contain a portion of truth, but to be erroneous from the partial and defective views on which they are founded. Were he to commence the career of life afresh, he is made to say, there is no profession he would prefer to that of a merchant; and the following is the reason be assigns.

«« The vital principle of commerce is founded on faith in the general probity of human nature. The lawyer thrives by the vices of mankind, and his hopes of fortune can only be realized by the prevalence of dishonesty. The utility of the priest is founded on the necessity of curbing the dispositions of the heart: men, in his eyes, are savage animals that must be chained to prevent them from doing mischief. The soldier, the hero! builds his monument with the ruins of nations. The statesman is the adversary of the natural freedom of man, and the artificer of crimes that are offensive only to his usurpa. tions; and the author, or if you think fit, the philosopher is the disseminator of notions, for the effects of which he does not hold himself responsible, but regards the punishment for promulgating the must pernicious as attempts to shackle the human mind. The mer. chant, however, lives by cultivating amity between nation and nation; his profit is obtained by promoting the benefit of others; his barks explore the remotest regions, and carry with them knowledge on their prow, and the seeds of industry in their cargoes."

I could, with difficulty, keep from smiling, as he proceeded in this manner. He suddenly frowned, and looking at me with a steadi. ness of

eye that was almost stern, said, “are you ao Englishman, sir, and do not think this true?”pp. 103-105.

The following description given by the Majolo, of his first efforts to obtain literary eminence, may indirectly serve to illustrate some of our preceding remarks. Many an ardent young adventurer, prompted by the restlessness of imagination, has, probably, experienced a similar perplexity amid the distracting variety of intellectual pursuits, in no one of which, imagination could promise to supply the deficiency of more solid qualifications, or to shorten the laborious process of acquirement.

«« From that moment, I saw the necessity of applying my mind to attain some degree of pre-eminence in a particular study. The diffi. culty was, to find one in which the merits of my own efforts might ap. pear, and that what I might produce should be acknowledged as my own. Before fixing, my mind rambled over almost every branch of science and literature. I applied to mathematics with the enthusiasm of a poet, but I found ihat the laws of demonstrations were too

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despotic for my imagination. I turned to metaphysics, and the science seemed but a system of plausibilities, continually subject to be dissolved. Chymistry, under the direction of Vincellos, next drew my attention; but although he admitted that I showed some ability in conjecturing what might be the result of experiments, he soon told me of what, indeed, I was so soon conscious, that I wanted the steadiness of application necessary to the delicacies of analizing.

«“But my ardour was not to be subdued. I felt and confessed my natural unfitness for prosecuting science; but the wide region of general literature lay open before me, and a thousand paths, all leading to the glittering domes and pinnacles of the same edifice in which the consequential deemed a niche was prepared for him, invited me to advance. With an intensity of application, that was either natural or had become habitual, I entered upon that of history; but soon found that I could not set down my foot without placing it on the print of some predecessor The world, I perceived, had long before discovered the way of preserving every thing of the past that deserves to be transmitted to posterity; and I wearied myself among the broken arches and fallen pillars of antiquarian curiosity, in the hope of meeting with some suitable topic that might ensure to me free access to the temple. The search was vain; the lights of my learning were but tapers, and only made the darkness visible which broods in the labyrinths of antiquity. I abandoned my attempt to explore their ruinous recesses, less, however, satisfied that they contained no bid. den treasures, than convinced of the inadequacy of my means to discover them.

4" During the time that I was thus casting about for a proper object of regular study, I had amused myself in writing occasional little songs and ballads in the provincial dialect of Oliastro. And a copy of one of these, partly ludicrous and partly pathetic, happened to fall into the hands of a Benedictine monk, who was so much pleased with it, that he took the trouble of requesting Vincellos to make us ac. quainted. This incident was a great triumph over

Hitherto nobody knew the extent of his proficiency, and although he has since fully verified the solidity of his just pretensions to superiority, it seened then to every body more assumed than legitimate. But in the request of the monk there was a decisive homage paid to something peculiarly my own. From that moment it appeared to me, that, were I to cultivate my talent for poetry I might be enabled to inspire the

I public with sentiments respecting me similar to those of the monk." ; Pp. 120--123.

There is a great deal of picturesque description in this little volume, and in the delineations of character, are some very successful displays of ability. Some of the portraits, we apprehend, are from life. The character of Count Waltzerstein is finely developed ; and the Majolo's physiognomical discoveries, though they may appear fanciful, are certainly justified by abundant indications of a real correspondence between • the physical form, and the intellectual character.'

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With respect to the ' other elementary principle' which the Majolo speaks of, as serving to guide him in the study of mankind, the sympathetic and antipathetic nature of the

, 'mind', it is not sufficiently defipable', for us to trust ourselves with the subject : but we will so far concede to our Author, as to admit the justness of his motto, that

• There are more things in Heaven and Earth, Horatio,

• T'han are dreamed of in your philosoplıy.' We have given more copious extracts from this small volume, than its size or its pretensions might seem to warrant; but it appeared to us to be the only method of doing justice to the Author. The present work, we are informed, constitutes only a part of a considerable design, of an epic character. We have, therefore, thought it deserving of a proportionate degree of attention. "You have heard my story,' says the Majolo, in concluding the conversation, and read my book; do you

think me a fool, or a man of genius?' The Author seems to anticipate the perplexity which the reader would feel on similar question being put to him. . It was not easy,' he replies, 'to find a proper answer to such a question,' In the usual acceptation of the word, there would be no propriety whatever in the application of the former term to the Author of such a production. The latter designation in its highest sense, would scorcely be due to him. We may safely allow him the full benefit of the opinion he expresses of the Majoło, that be is unquestionably possessed of an uncommon mind: but perhaps this uncommonness may relate more to kind than degree of ability. There is a modification of the two properties, folly and genius, existing in combination with each other, which will often be found to entitle a man to a certain degree of literary fame, and to constitute him a character highly interesting, but which, at the same time, disqualify him for the higher efforts and sustained exertions of intellect.

On the whole, we feel some curiosity to hear the conclusion of the Majolo's history. Art. X. 1 Serious Address to the Clergy of the United Kingdom

A on the Duties of the Pastoral Office, in a Visitation Sermon, preached at the Parish Church of St. Paul's, Covent-garden, on the 18th of May, 1815, before the Archdeacon of Middlesex and his Clergy. By the Rev. W. Gurney, A. M. Rector of St. Clement Danes, Strand; Minister of the Free Chapel, Westminster, &e.

8vo. pp. 25. Price Is. W. Walker. 1815. THIS is a plain, but very earnest and sensible Sermon, from

I Pet. v. 2. avd 3. “Feed the flock of God," &c. It has no great pretensions to originality, to depth of thought, or to eloquence, but the preacher's modest expectation that his 'language,

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though simple, would not disgust,' that his 'arguments, though “plain, would not be weak,' and that his ' application, though

close, would not be offensively personal,' will, we think, appear to readers in general, to be fully justified. Such a Dis. course, as it conveyed to the audience nothing that was new, though it might serve to revive what was forgotten, as it was perfectly scriptural, but not strikingly ingenious, and as the truths it contained were at least familiar to the understandings of his clerical brethren, might be expected to excite no peculiar wish in bis audience for its publication. Yet it is, at the same time, so unexceptionable in point of sentiment, and so moderate in point of expression, that it would be difficult to imagine that the omission of the customary request on the part of the Archdeacon or his clergy, arose from any feelings of disapprobation or personal disrespect,

The following passage may serve as a specimen of Mr. Gurney's style. •

But suppose that there should be found some solitary individual, who, for filthy lucre, from necessity in his circumstances, or because he was thought unfit for any other profession, from a desire to obtain a country residence, where he might indulge himself in the pleasures of the field and of the world, had entered into the Church, and received commission to preach that Gospel which he never practises ; must he not be considered as having awfully departed from the spirit of the Church in saying, I trust I am inwardly moved by the Holy Ghost to take upon me this sacred office ? must not his conduct dis. gust the true Churchman, offend every Christian, and even give occasion to the wicked to blaspheme, and to deride and contemn the Church? This would be but a miserable ensample to the flock, who, if they did punctually follow such a leader, must perish together with him. Is the picture too strongly drawn? Then let us, my beloved brethren, endeavour, by the grace of God, earnestly sought for in constant prayer, to blot out every line of this horrible figure, by becoming universally ensamples to the flock over which God hath made us overseers. We may be slandered by our neighbours, we may be deserted by conscientious Dissenters upon minor points of difference, but we shall never be deserted of our God, nor long be despised of our neighbours, while we conscientiously and individually act up to the spirit of our Church, as exhibited in her Articles, Homilies, and Liturgy. pp. 18, 19.

We cannot, however, dismiss this Sermon, without alluding to the notice it has drawn forth from a contemporary Journal, in an article of a highly offensive character. "The Reviewer confesses that he did expect a philippic personal enough, and

that the form of sound words would hardly have been retained to the end. Yet,' he adds, except certain Calvinistic inu* endoes respecting experimental feeling, &c. there is little

doctrine, and less personality; all is sufficiently tame and spiritless."

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The principal objection the Reviewer brings forward, respects the style of Mr. Gurney's Sermon. It is so vague, so “unsatisfactory, so ill expressed.' And, after punning on the word “frame,' and jesting upon a solemn passage which he chooses to misapply, he proceeds to prove the badness of the style from the following instance.

In page 8. occurs the following inexplicable passage."" Hope, as an anchor of the soul, both sure and stedfast, entereth into that (what?) within the vail, whither our forerunner is for us entered, even Jesus. British Critic for November, 1815, p. 234.

Can any thing be more calculated to excite the triumphant. sneer of an infidel

, than the conduct of a professedly orthodox Reviewer, who undertakes to criticise in theology, without knowing that while thrusting at a living preacher, he strikes an inspired Apostle !

After this specimen of the critic's consummate ignorance, Mr. Gurney inay safely smile at the harmless malignity of his flippant remarks, though he may justly complain that the Conductors of a Literary Journal of so high pretensions, should suffer a writer, capable of thus mistaking the language of Scripture, to disgrace their pages with personal invective.

Mr. Gurney's real offence, however, it should seem, in the eyes of this critic, was not preaching or publishing this Visitation Sermon. The following passage contains, we presume, his indictment.

Now who would suppose after this, that Mr. G. would introduce, under colour of a Bible Association, strange sbepherds of various denominations, within the very walls of his own Church, to lead his flock astray, and by their unsufferable cant and disgusting dissensions, to desecrate the sanc'tuary of God.'

It is not to be wondered at, that those who find the language of Scripture "inexplicable,' should be unfriendly to Bible associations : but the charge implied in the above extract, betrays something worse than ignorance in the mind which framed it. Art. XI. Bacteriana : containing a Selection from the Works of

Baxter. Collected by Arthur Young, Esq. F.R.S. 12mo. pp. vi,

304. Price 5s. 6d. Hatchard. 1815. THE HE name of Richard Baxter is one which all parties re

spect, and all sincere Christians affectionately revere. A collection of extracts from his works, cannot fail of being valu: able, and the present volume stands, therefore, in small need of our recommendation. But we cannot refuse ourselves the gratification of transcribing the interesting and ingenuous ac.

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