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HISTORY OF EUROPE.

OHAPTER I.

The Catholic Question Public Conduct of the leading Members of the

Cabinet as to that Measure-Their secret change of Policy-Meeting of

Parliament-Speech from the Throne-The Address

CHAPTER II.

Bill for the Suppression of the Catholic Association-Dissolution of the

Association-Mr. Peel resigns his Seat for the University of Oxford-

His attempt to be re-elected- Defeated in his attempt Ministerial pro-

position for the unconditional removal of Catholic Disabilities–Mr.

Peel's Explanations and Defence of the Measure--Discussions in the

House of Commons on the Proposition_Majority in favour of the Pro-

position-Political Conversions-Introduction and first reading of the

Bill for the Reinoval of Catholic Disabilities

[7

CHAPTER III.

Debate on the Second Reading of the Catholic Relief Bill Speeches of

Mr. Sadler, Mr. R. Grant, Sir Charles Wetherell-The Second Reading

carried-Amendments proposed in the Bill in the Committee Amend-

ment moved, to include the place of Prime Minister among the excepted

Offices-Bill read a third time, and passed by the House of Commons

-Sir Charles Wetherell dismissed from the Office of Attorney General

[38

CHAPTER IV.

The Catholic Relief Bill moved in the House of Lords-Debate on the

· Second Reading-Speech of the Duke of Wellington-Amendment, to

throw out the Bill, moved by the Archbishop of Canterbury-Debate
during three Days-Speech of the Bishop of Oxford in favour of the

Bill--Opposed by the Archbishop of Armagh, and the Bishops of London

and Durham-Speeches of the Lord Chancellor, Earl of Westmoreland,

Lord Tenterden, Earl Grey, Lord Eldon-Lord Plunkett-Second Read-

ing carried by a Majority of 105—The Bill is read a Third Time and

passed, and receives the Royal Assent-Unwillingness of the King to

consent to the Measure

[65

CHAPTER V.

Bill for the Disfranchisement of the Forty-Shilling Freeholders in Ire-

- land-Mr. O'Connell claims to sit under the new Act-He refuses to

take the Oath of Supremacy, and is heard at the Bar-The House re-

solves, that he inust take the Oath of Supremacy, and orders a new Writ

for the County of Clare–The Marquis of Blandford moves Resolutions

in favour of Parliamentary Reform

[98

CHAPTER VIII.

France.-Embarrassed State of the Ministry-Attempt to introduce

Prince Polignac-Partial changes in the Ministry--Meeting of the

Chambers, and Speech of the King-Superiority of the Liberals in the

Chamber of Deputies–Bills introduced by the Ministry to regulate

the formation of the Municipal Councils in the Communes and Depart-

ments-Speech of the Minister of the Interior—The Chamber resolves

to proceed with the Departmental Bill first, in opposition to Ministers,

who are left in a Minority-Proposed Amendments Division of Opinion

in the Ministry- Amendment to increase the Number of Electors of

the Departmental Councils lost by a small Majority-The Ministry

withdraw both Bills—Impeachment of M. de Villèle abandoned—The

Chamber of Deputies order M. de Peyronnet to be prosecuted for ex-

pending a Sum of Money without a Vote of appropriation-Difference

between the two Chambers on this Subject - Bills for regulating the

Customs, and continuing the Tobacco Monopoly-Distress among the

Vine-growers, and Measures taken for their Relief-Finance-Discus-

sions regarding Foreign Affairs-State of the Ministry at the Close of

the Session-Immediately on the Close of the Session, the 'King dis-

misses the Ministry, and forms an Ultra-royalist Cabinet-Character of

the new Cabinet and its Members-Unpopularity of the Ministry-Pro-

secutions of the PressAssociations to resist the Payment of Taxes, if

Ministers should attempt to rule without a Chamber-Prosecutions on

account of them-Unpopular Proceedings of the Ministers-Divisions

among them—M. de la Bourdonnaye retires, on Prince Polignac being

made President of the Council-Continued unpopularity of the Minis-

try—Transactions between France and Greece-Quarrel with Algiers.

(137

CHAPTER IX.

Portugal.-Unsuccessful Conspiracies in Lisbon-Trial of the Conspi-

rators—Miguel alters the Sentence of Banishment into Death, and

banishes those who had been acquitted--Sufferings of State Prisoners—

Confiscations-Attempt of Don Miguel against the Life of his Sister-

Intrigues of the Queen, which lead to partial changes in the Ministry-

Proceedings at Oporto against the Persons engaged in the Military

enterprise of the preceding Autumn-Nine of them are executed-

More bloodshed called for by the Priests, and a new Commission erect-

ed at Lisbon for the Trial of State Prisoners-Its Proceedings are inter-

CHAPTER XI.

Russia.-Opening of the Campaign between Russia and Turkey—The

Russian Fleet takes Sizeboli—The Turks are defeated in an attempt to

retake it-The Russian Army, under General Diebitsch, crosses the

Danube, and marches against Silistria-Skirmishes as it advances—The

Russians invest Silistria-The Grand Vizier moves from Shumla to

attack General Roth-Battle of Eski-Arnautlar-The Russians retire,

and the Grand Vizier besieges Pravadi –Count Diebitsch marches from

Silistria with part of the besieging Army to support General Roth, and

relieve Pravadi-He joins General Roth, and they occupy the Defiles

in the rear of the Vizier, without his being aware of il-Battle of Ku-

lertscha—The Vizier forces open the Road to Shumla, and takes up a

new position–The Russians renew the attack, and the Turks take to

Flight—The Vizier regains Shumla-The Russians offer to open Nego-

tiations — Silistria surrenders, and the besieging Army joins Count

Diebitsch before Shumla-The Russians prepare to cross the Balkan,

leaving a Corps to watch Shumla—They effect the Passage of the

Kamtschick, and reach the summit of the Mountain, before the Vizier

is aware of their Movements—They descend the Southern Side of the

Balkan-They take Mesembri, Bourgas and Aidos, defeating, at the

latter, a large body of Turks-They take Karnabut and Sambol, and

push their advanced Guards towards Adrianople,The Vizier leaves

Shumla by a circuitous route, and reaches Selimno on the Road to

Adrianople- The Russians attack the Turks at Selimno, defeat them,

and carry the Town—They advance to Adrianople, which capitulates, the

Turkish Garrison dispersing—The Fleet takes Vassilico, Agathopolis

and Ainada on the Euxine, and a detachment of the Army occupies Enos

on the Mediterranean-Opening of the Campaign in Asia.-The Turks

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