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And, if you may confess it, say withal,
Wol. My sovereign, I confess, your royal graces,
Fairly answer'd; A loyal and obedient subject is Therein illustrated: The honour of it Does pay the act of it; as, i’the contrary, The foulness is the punishment. I presume, , That, as my hand has open’d bounty to you, My heart dropp'd love, my power rain’d honour,
Beyond all man's endeavours:] The sense is, my purposes went beyond all human endeavour. I purposed for your
honour more than it falls within the compass of man's nature to attempt.
Johnson. I am rather inclined to think, that which refers to royal graces ;" which, says Wolsey, no human endeavour could requite. MALONE.
. Yet, fild with my abilities :] My endeavours, though less than my
desires, have fild, that is, have gone an equal pace with my
front but in that file
On you, than any; so your hand, and heart,
I do profess,
my hand has open'd bounty to you,
On you, &c.] As Ben Jonson is supposed to have made some alterations in this play, it may not be amiss to compare the passage
before us, with another, on the same subject, in the New Inn :
“ He gave me my first breeding, I acknowledge;
notwithstanding that your bond of duty,] Besides the general bond of duty, by which you are obliged to be a loyal and obedient subject, you owe a particular devotion of yourself to me, as your particular benefactor. Johnson,
that am, have, and will be.] I can find no meaning in these words, or see how they are connected with the rest of the sentence; and should therefore strike them out. M. MASON.
I suppose the meaning is, that, or such a man, I am, have been, and will ever be. Our author has many hard and forced expressions in his plays; but many of the hardnesses in the piece before us appear to me of a different colour from those of Shakspeare. Perhaps, however, a line following this has been lost; for in the old copy there is no stop at the end of this line; and, indeed, I have some doubt whether a comma ought not to be placed at it, rather than a full point. MALONE.
As doth a rock against the chiding flood,
'Tis nobly spoken: Take notice, lords, he has a loyal breast, For you have seen him open't.—Read o'er this;
[Giving him Papers. And, after, this: and then to breakfast, with What appetite you have.
[Exit King, frowning upon Cardinal WOLSEY:
the Nobles throng after him, smiling, and
What should this mean? What sudden anger's this? how have I reap'd it? He parted frowning from me, as if ruin Leap'd from his eyes : So looks the chafed lion Upon the daring huntsman that has gall'd him; Then makes him nothing. I must read this paper; I fear, the story of his anger.—'Tis so; This paper has undone me :-'Tis the account Of all that world of wealth I have drawn together For mine own ends; indeed, to gain the popedom, And fee my friends in Rome. O negligence,
6 As doth a rock against the chiding flood,] So, in our author's 116th Sonnet:
it is an ever-fixed mark, “ That looks on tempests, and is never shaken.” The chiding flood is the resounding flood. So, in the verses in commendation of our author, by J. M. S. prefixed to the folio 1632:
there plays a fair “But chiding fountain." See Vol. XII. p. 361, n. 2. MALONE. See also Vol. IV. p. 450, n. 5. STEEVENS. “ Ille, velut pelagi rupes immota, resistit.”
Æn. VII. 586. S. W.
Fit for a fool to fall by! What cross devil
Re-enter the Dukes of NORFOLK and SUFFOLK,
the Earl of SURREY,8 and the Lord Chamberlain.
Nor. Hear the king's pleasure, cardinal: who
7 I have touch'd the highest point of all my greatness ;] So, in Marlowe's King Edward II:
“ Base fortune, now I see that in thy wheel
MALONE. * Re-enter the Dukes &c.] It may not be improper here to repeat, that the time of this play is from 1521, just before the Duke of Buckingham's commitment, to the year 1533, when Queen Elizabeth was born and christened. The Duke of Nor. folk, therefore, who is introduced in the first scene of the first Act, or in 1522, is not the same person who here, or in 1529, demands the great seal from Wolsey; for Thomas Howard, who
To render up the great seal presently
hear further from his highness.
was created Duke of Norfolk, 1514, died, we are informed by Holinshed, p. 891, at Whitsuntide, 1525. As our author has here made two persons into one, so, on the contrary, he has made one person into two. The Earl of Surrey here is the same with him who married the Duke of Buckingham's daughter, as appears
from his own mouth:
“ Remembrance of my father-in-law, the duke." Again :
66 Far from his succour, But Thomas Howard, Earl of Surrey, who married the Duke of Buckingham's daughter, was at this time the individual above mentioned Duke of Norfolk. The reason for adding the third or fourth person as interlocutors in this scene is not very apparent, for Holinshed, p. 909, mentions only the Dukes of Norfolk and Suffolk being sent to demand the great seal, and all that is spoken would proceed with sufficient propriety out of their mouths. The cause of the Duke of Norfolk's animosity to Wolsey is obvious, and Cavendish mentions that an open quarrel at this time subsisted between the Cardinal and Charles Brandon, Duke of Suffolk. Reed.
9 To Asher-house,] Thus the old copy. Asher was the an. cient name of Esher
į as appears from Holinshed : 66 and everie man took their horses and rode strait to Asher."
Holinshed, Vol. II. p. 909. WARNER, my lord of Winchester's,] Shakspeare forgot that Wolsey was himself Bishop of Winchester, unless he meant to say, you must confine yourself to that house which you possess as Bishop of Winchester. Asher, near Hampton-Court, was one of the houses belonging to that bishoprick. MALONE.
Fox, Bishop of Winchester, died Sept. 14, 1528, and Wolsey held this see in commendam, Esher therefore was his own house.
REED. VOL. XV.