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K. Henry VIII. though he retained his Grandeur, he soon dissipated his Riches, for all the Treasure his Father amassed in several Years, to the Value, as Authors attest, of 1,800,000/. he prodigally squanders away in three; as if, says Bishop Burnet, the Son's Expence was to vie with the Father's Industry and Thriftiness *.
A Parliament After the Coronation, which was perform'd with tailed. great Ceremony at Westminster, June 25, 1509,
Writs were issued out for calling a Parliament, daAnnoRegni 1. ted at the same Place, Oct.17, to meet on the 21st *5°9- of January following; the first Writ to the Peers At Westminster, being directed to his most dear Coufin, Edward Duke of Buckingham, &e. the rest we subjoin in their Order b.
State of the Thomas Marquis of Dor- Charles Somerset, Lord fccnV- fit, Herbert,
Henry Earl of Northum- Thomas Lord Darcy,
herland, William Lord Coniers,
^Thomas Earl of Arundtle, William Blount, Lord
bury, Tho. Fennys, Lord Dacre,
Henry Lord Clifford, • Ralph Ogle, Lord Ogle,
la Ware, Thomas Lord Dacre,
Richard Lord Lumley, Henry Lord Scroope, of
Dudley, of Groby,
Richard Nevile, Lord Walter Devereux, Lord
a Burnet's History of the Reformation, Vol. I. p. 2.
* Dugdalei Summons t* Parliament, Ann* I Henry VIII.
The like Writs of Summons were sent to the sol- K- Bmry VIII, lowing Judges, &c.
Sir Robert Rede, Kstt. William Grevilei
Robert Brudeneil, . Lewis Pollard,
Humphrey Conyngjby; Richard Elyott,
Sir "John Fijher, Knt. John Ernley, the King'i
- . t
On the Day appointed, being Monday, Jan. 21, the Parliament met in the Great Chamber of the Palace at WestrninJIer, near the Royal Chapel, or Oratory; and the King sitting on his Throne, William Wharham, Archbishop of Canterbury, Lord High-Chancellor of England, by the King's Command, declared the Cause of the Summons under this Text c:
Deum timete, Regem honorificate. Pet. ii.
Which the Prelate divided into two Parts. To The Lord-Chanthe first, he said, * That Fear was essential in many cellor's Speech
* Proceedings; and that it particularly required^ ^Xment'1* | Kings and Great Men to sear God above all
* others; by the Neglect of which not only Kings 1 and their Subjects, but even Cities, Common'wealths, and Kingdoms were afflicted, chastised,
* or almost tdtally subverted; for this Cause only, 4 that the Fear of God was not before their Eyes.
To the second Part he argued, 'That Kings
* ought to be honoured by their Subjects; and that J to honour the King is to chuse Judgment dr Uh'derstanding. In enlarging upon which he shewed
* many Sorts or Kinds of Judgment; concluding,
* That the abovesaid Honour was the most power
* sul when the King's Subjects governed themselves
* well; and, when there was Occasion, reformed
* themselves also; and when the Judges, acting 4 by the Royal Authority, administer such Judge« ment as is both just and right, humane and natu
* ral. Saying, how necessary good Laws are.for the 4 right Government of any Kingdom, quid Leges
A 2 'Ant.
e The following Speech and Proceedings in this first Parliament •f Henry VIII. and all the subsequent ones, from this Time, are" translated and extracted from a Manuscript Copy of the Journah ot' the House of Lards, lately belongfng to the Earl of bxford.
K. Bnrf VUIt * sunt Nor ma Reipublica bene injlituenda; by an exact Observation of which all Republics must: prosper. He argued also, That our Foresathers were accounted wise, not so much from many excellent Laws, which they made and published for the Benefit of Posterity, but for a diligent and indifferent Observation of them: Hence Almighty God ought to be pray'd to, that good and nourishing Laws might not only be enacted in this Parliament, which he aptly termed the Stomach of the Nation, but that they mightt>e also uprightly executed. Upon Justice, he said that it chiefly and necessarily behoved Kings to govern their Dominions wisely, and then introduced several other Officers trusted with the Affairs of the Public. The Judges, who rightly and duly administered Justice, he said, were the Eyes of the Commonwealth; the learned Expositors of the Laws he stiled the Tongues of it. Others were the Messengers of the Government, as the Sheriffs and Magistrates of Cities and Counties; the former of which, who did not execute their Offices rightly, he compared to Noah's Raven. The Collectors of the Taxes and Customs he called the Commonwealth's Spies, of which Number sew, he said, were found to be good. Others were the Pillars of the Government, as Juries of twelve Men are.
'Lastly^ says our Authority, cum magno Audientium Plaussu, he went upon the State of the whole Kingdom; and urged that it was the real Interest of each separate Body, Spiritual, Temporal, and Comnfonalty, to unite in supporting the Crown; that Justice, which is the Queen of v irtues, may be auspicious in the Nation: That both Bishop and Peer may join in reforming the Errors of past Times; in utterly abolishing all iniquitous Laws; in moderating the rough and severe ones; in enacting good and usesul Statutes; and, when made, to see that they should be saithfully, honestly, and inviolably observed: Which, if this Parliament will perform, then he affirmed
• « that
* that there was no one could doubt but that God K. Btwy VIII.
* should be seared, the King honoured, and, for 'the future, the Commonwealth served with good
* Counsellors, every Way useful to the King and 'Kingdom.'
After this elaborate Discourse was ended, the Chancellor, in the King's Name, directed the Commons to meet the next Pay, in their accustomed Place, and chuse their Speaker. At the same Time . the Receivers and Triers of Petitions and Complaints, from difserent Parts of the King's Dominions, were appointed: And, since our Authority gives us their Names, we shall, for once, transcribe them, to shew who were the Members of either House that were trusted with those Afsairs at that Time.
Receivers appointed for Petitions from England, Ireland^ Wales, and Scotland, to be deliver'*! within fix Days.
Sir John Young, Sir Roger Luston, Sir 'John Taylor.
From Gascoigny and other Countries beyond Sea, with the Ifles, within seven Days. Sir Nicholas West, Sir James Whetston,
Sir William Litchfield, Sir Nicholas Kawstons.
The Triers of Petitions from England, Ireland, Wales, and Scotland, were
The Archbishop of Caw- Earl of Surrey,
terbury, Abbots of Westminster,
Duke of Buckingham, St. Edmund/bury, and
Exeter, and Rochester, Lord Hastings,
All these together, or a Number of these Bishops and Lords, had a Power to call to them the LordChancellor or Treasurer, or two other of the King's Officers, when there was Occasion. They were to sit in the Chamber of the King's Chamberlain.
The Names of the Triers for Petitions from Gascoigny and other foreign Parts are omitted, at is supposed, by Neglect of the Clerks; for it folA 3 lows,
K. Bnry VIII. lows, on tlJe Record, that these also had Power to> call to them the great Officers above, and the King's Serjeant, and they were to sit in the Chamber of the Treasury. Some Proxies for absent Bishops and Abbots being read and allowed of, concluded the Business of the first Day.
The next Day the Commons sent Sir Robert Drury, Knt. to the Lords, to acquaint them that they had chosen a Speaker; on which the LordChancellor appointed Ten o'Clock the next Morning for them to present him before the King; and Tho. Ingle- accordingly they presented Thomas Inglefield, Esq; * Field, Esq; as their Speaker; whose Excuse for Insufficiency elected Speaker. n0t being accepted, with the usual Protestation for Liberty of Speech, &c. he was confirmed. At the same Time it was unanimously agreed, by the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, to meet the next Morning, and every Day during the Sitting of this Parliament, at Nine o'Clock, in order to do Business.
The fourth Day of this Parliament, being Thursday, Jan. 24, the Lords again met, when four Bills, were presented and read. The first, as usual, to confirm the Liberties of Holy Church; the next, to prevent salse Returns in Escheats to the Crown; one for forseited Patents granted for Lise; and another for reforming Excess in Apparel. The twp first and the last were read twice on that Day, and committed to the King's Attorney and SollicitorGenerale for their Amendments.
.But we shall not tire our Readers with the surther Proceedings of this Parliament contained in the Journal-Book, except when any remarkable Ordinance or Debate occurs. The most usesul Statutes which were made in it will appear best under • their several Heads in the Sequel.
The particular Writer of this King's Lise tells ps f, • That at this Time it was thought sit, for
d Stave calls him Sir Thomas Ingleby, Knt.
e These Officers, with the Clerk of Pailiament, were then made IJse of. as Messengers, to carry Bills frem the House of Lords to the Commons.
f the Life and Reign of King Henry VIII. by Edward Lord Herbert c/"Cherbury. Ftl, Lond. 1682, Kenneth Hifiory of Eng'land, Vel. If. p. 6,