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Jacob arrives at Beth-el,

CHAP. XXXV. where God appeared to him. A. M. cir. 2266. 2 Then Jacob said unto his 5 And they journeyed: and A. M. cir. 2266. B. C. cir. 1738.

B. C. cir. 1738. d household, and to all that were the terror of God was upon the with him, Put away the strange gods that cities that were round about them, and they are among you, and be clean, and change did not pursue after the sons of Jacob. your garments :

6 So Jacob came to m Luz, which is in the 3 And let us arise, and go up to Beth-el ; land: of Canaan, (that is, Beth-el,) he and all and I will make there an altar unto God,-8 who the people that were with him. answered me in the day of my distress, h and 7 And he a built there an altar, and called was with me in the way which I went. the place El-beth-el : because there God (4 And they gave unto Jacob all the strange appeared unto him, when he fled from the gods which were in their hand, and all their face of his brother. i ear-rings which were in their ears; and 8 But 9 Deborah, Rebekah's nurse, died, and Jacob hid them under the oak which was by she was buried beneath Beth-el, under an oak: Shechem. :

and the name of it was called '' Allon-bachuth. . Chap. xvii. 19; Josh. xxiv, 15. -Chap. xxxi. 19, 34; xxiii. 27; xxxiv. 24 ; Deut. xi. 25 ; Josh. ii. 9; v.l; I Sam. xiv. Josh. xxiv. 2, 23; 1 Sam, vii. 3.-Exod. xix. 10. Chap: 15; 2 Chron. xiv. 14. Chap. xxviii. 19, 22. — Eccles. xxxii. 7, 24;. Psa, cvii. 6. Chap. xxviii. 20; xxxi. 3, 42. La That is, the God of Beth-el.- -p Chap. xxviii. 13. Hos. ii. 13. k Josh. xxiv. 26; Judg. ix. 6. - Exod. xv. 16; Chap. xxiv. 59. — That is, the oak of upeping. thus perform the vow he had made, chap. xxviii. out of a solid piece of cornelian, now lies before me. 20, 22.

It was evidently intended for the ear, as the opening Verse 2. Put away the strange gods] 1930 vobis elo- is too small for any human finger; and it is engraved hey hannechar, the gods of the foreigners, which were all over with strange characters and images, which among them. Jacob's servants were all Syrians, and prove that it was intended for a talisman or amulet. no doubt were addicted less or more to idolatry and It seems to be such a one as St. Augustine describes, superstition. These gods might belong to them, or, as Epist. 73, which was suspended from the tip of the some have conjectured, they were the teraphim which ears both of men and women, not for the purpose of Rachel stole; but these have already been supposed ornament, but through an execrable superstition, for to be astrological tables, or something of this kind, the service of demons. “ Execranda superstitio ligacalled by Laban his gods, because by them he supposed turarum, in quibus etiam inaures virorum in summis ex he could predict future events, and that they referred una parte auriculis suspensæ deputantur, non ad plato certain astral and planetary intelligences, by whose cendum hominibus, sed ad serviendum dæmonibus.” influences sublunary things were regulated. But it is See the notes on chap. xxiv. 22. more natural to suppose that these gods found now, in Verse 5. The lerror of God] A supernatural awe Jacob's family were images of silver, gold, or curious sent by the Almighty, was upon the cities that were workmanship, which were found among the spoils of round about, so that they were not molested in their the city of Shechem. Lest these should become in-departure. This could be owing to nothing less than citements to idolatry, Jacob orders them to be put away. the especial providence of God.

Be clean, and change your garments] Personal or Verse 7. El-beth-el] 58 Mid Så, the strong God, outward purification, as emblematical of the sanctifica- the house of the strong God. But the first 5x el is tion of the soul, has been in use among all the true wanting in one of De Rossi's MSS., as it is also in the worshippers of God from the beginning of the world. Septuaging, Vulgate, Syriac, and some copies of the In many cases the law of Moses more solemnly enjoined Arabie. The sentence reads much better without it, rites and ceremonies which had been in use from the and much more consistent with the parallel passages.

A Hindoo considers those elothes de- Verse 8. But Deborah, Rebekah's nurse, died] She filed in which he has been employed in business, and was sent with Rebekah when taken by Abraham's always changes them before eating and worship." servant to be wife to Isaac, chap. xxiv. 59. How she WARD.

came to be in Jacob's family, expositors are greatly Verse 3. Answered me in the day of my distress) | puzzled to find out; but the text does not state that Not only when he fled from the face of his brother, she was in Jacob's family. Her death is mentioned but more particularly when he was in his greatest strait merely because Jacob and his family had now arrived at the brook of Jabbok.

at the place where she was buried, and the name of Verse 4. And-ear-rings which were in their ears) that place was called Allon-bachuth, “the oak of Whether these rings were in the ears of the gods, or weeping,” as it is likely her death had been greatly in those of Jacob's family, we may rest assured that regretted, and a general and extraordinary mourning they were not mere ornaments, but served for super- had taken place on the occasion. Of Rebekah's death stitious purposes. Ear-rings were certainly worn as we know nothing. After her counsel to her son, amulets and charms, first consecrated to some god, or chap. xxvii:, we hear no more of her history from the formed under -some constellation, on which magical sacred writings, except of her burial in chap. xlix. 31. characters and images were drawn. A very ancient Her name is written in the dust. And is not this and beautiful one of this kind brought from Egypt, cut. designed as a mark of the disapprobation of God ? It VOL. I. ( 15 )

209

earliest ages.

B. C. cir. 1738.

The promise renewed to Jacob. GENESIS.

The birth of Benjamin. A. M. cir. 2266. 9 And * God appeared unto where he talked with him, even a A. M. cir. 2266. B. C. cir. 1738.

Jacob again, when he came out pillar of stone : and he poured a of Padan-aram, and blessed him.

drink-offering thereon, and he poured oil thereon. 10 And God said unto him, Thy name is 15 Jacob ; t thy name shall not be called any where God spake with him, a Beth-el. more Jacob, but Israel shall be thy name : 16 And they journeyed from Beth-el ; and and he called his name Israel.

there was but "a little way to come to Ephrath ; 11 And God said unto him, I am God and Rachel travailed, and she had hard labour: Almighty : be fruitful and multiply; "a 'nation 17 And it came to pass, when she was in and a company of nations shall be of thee, hard labour, that the midwife said unto her, and kings shall come out of thy loins ;

thou shalt have this son also. 12 And the land which I

18 And it came to pass, as her soul was in and Isaac, to thee I will give it, and to thy departing, (for she died,) that she called his seed after thee will I give the land.

a Ben-oni: but his father called him 13 And God y went up from him in the Benjamin. place where he talked with him.

19 And îRachel died, and was buried in 14 And Jacob z set up a pillar in the place the way to $ Ephrath, which is Beth-lehem.

Fear not";

gave Abraham

name

W

• Hos. xii. 4. Chap. xvii. 5.

:- Chapter xxxii. 28. a Chap. xxviii. 19. - Heb. a little piece of ground; 2 Kings Chap. xvi. 1; xlviii. 3, 4; Exod. vi. 3. Chap. xvii. 5, 6, v. 19.40 Chap. xxx. 24 ; 1 Sam. iv. 20.--. That is, the son 16 ; xxviii. 3 ; xlviii. 4. - Chap. xu. 7; xiii. 15; xxvi. 3, 4; 1 of my sorrow. That is, the son of the right hand. xxviii. 13. --y Chap. xvii. 22. Chap. xxvii. 18.

xlvii. 7.- -5 Ruth i. 2; iv. 11; Mic. v. 2; Matt. i. 6.

Chap.

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seems strange that such an inconsiderable person as a heaven. This was no doubt the future Saviour, the nurse should be mentioned, when even the person she Angel of the covenant. See chap. xvi. 7. brought up is passed by unnoticed ! It has been ob- Verse 14. A drink-offering) joj nesech, a libation. served that the nurse of Æneas is mentioned nearly in These were afterwards very common in all countries. the same way by the poet Virgil; and in the circum- At first they consisted probably of water only, afterstanceš, in both cases, there is a striking resemblanee. wards wine was used ; see on Lev. vii. 1, &c. The “ Tu quoque littoribus nostris, Æneia nutrix,

pillar which Jacob set up was to commemorate the Æternam moriens famam, Caieta, dedisti ::

appearance of God to him ; the drink-offering and the Et nunc servat honos sedem tunus ; ossaque nomen,

oil were intended to express his gratitude and devoHesperia in magna, (si qua est ea gloria,) signat.

tion to his preserver. It was probably the same pilAt pius exequiis Æneas rite solutis,

lar which he had set up before, which had since been Aggere composito tumuli, postquam alta quierunt

thrown down, and which he had conseerated afresh to

God. -
Æquora, tendit iter velis, portumque relinquit."
Æn., lib. vii., ver. 1, &c.

Verse 16. There was but a little way to come to

Ephrath] The word 772) kibrath, translated here a “Thou too, Cajeta, whose indulgent cares

little way, has greatly perplexed commentators. It Nursed the great chief, and form’d his tender years, occurs only here, in chap. xlviii. 7, and 2 Kings v. 19; Expiring here (an ever-honour'd name !)

and it seems to have been some sort of measure applied Adorn Hesperia with immortal fame :

to land, as we say a mile, an acre, a food, a perch; but Thy name survives, to please thy pensive ghost;

what the exact quantity of the kibrath was cannot be Thy sacred relics grace the Latian coast.

ascertained. Ephrath, called, also Bethlehem, and Soon as her funeral rites the prince had paid,

Bethlehem Ephrata, was the birthplace of our blessed And raised a tomb in honour of the dead ;

Redeemer. See its meaning Matt. ii. 6. The sea subsiding, and the tempests o'er,

Verse 18. As her soul was in departing] Is not He spreads the flying sails, and leaves the shore.” | this a proof that there is an immortal spirit in man,

Pitt:

which can exist separate from and independent of the Verse 9. God appeared unto Jacob again] He ap-body? Of Rachel's death it is said, 7093 7833 betseth peared to him first at Shechem, when he commanded naphshah, in the going away of her soul ; her body did him to go to Beth-el, and now that he is arrived at the not go away, therefore her soul and body must have place, God appears to him the second time, and recon- been distinct. If her breath only had been intended, firms to him the Abrahamic blessing. - To Isaac and 799) neshamah or 719 ruach would have rather been Jacob these frequent appearances of God were neces- used, as the first means breath, the latter breath or sary, but they were not so to Abraham ; for to him one spirit indifferently. word was sufficient, Abraham believed God.

She called his name Ben-oni] "J!8€ ja the son of my Verse 13. And God went up from him] This was sorrow or affliction, because of the hard labour she had not a 'vision, nor a strong mental impression, but a in bringing him into the world; but his father called real manifestation of God. Jacob saw and heard him him Benjamin, 1933, the son of my right hand, i. e., speak, and before his eyes he went up—ascended to the son peculiarly dear to me." So man of the right 210

( 15*)

B. C. cir. 1738.

The trespass of Reuben.

CHAP. XXXV.

The twelve sons of Jacob. A. M, cir. 2266. 20 And Jacob set a pillar upon 24 The sons of Rachel; Joseph, A. M. cir. 2266. . B. C. cir. 1738.

her gráve : that is the pillar of and Benjamin. Rachel's grave hunto this day.

25 And the sons of Bilhah, Rachel's hand21 And Israel journeyed, and spread his maid; Dan, and Naphtali. tent beyond the tower of Edar.

26 And the sons of Zilpah, Leal's hand22 And it came to pass, when Israel dwelt (maid; Gad, and Asher. These are the sons in that land, that Reuben went and * lay with of Jacob, which were born to him in PadanBilhah his father's concubine :-and Israel heard aram. it. Now the-sons of Jacob were twelve : 27 And Jacob came unto Isaac his father

23 The. sons of Leah ; "Reuben, Jacob's unto m Mamre, unto the city of Arbah, (which first-born, and Simeon, and Levi, and Judah, is Hebron,) where Abraham and Isaac 'soand Issachar, and Zebulun.

journed. "1. Sam. x. 2; 2 Sam. xviii. 18. Mic. iv. 8. Lk Chap. xlix. Chap. xlvi. 8; Exod. i. 2.-m

Chapter xiii. 18; xxiii. 2, 19 *4; 1 Chron v.1; see 2 Sam. xvi. 22; xx. 3 ; 1 Cor. v. 1.

Josh. xiv. 15; XV.: 13.. hand, Psa. lxxx, 17, signifies one much loved and re-ed by Jonathan, and glanced, at by the Jerusalem garded of God. The Samaritan has Benyamin, the Targum, chap. xlix. 4. Could this view of the subson of days ;- i. e., the son of his old age, as Judah ject be proved to be correct, both piety and candour calls him, chap, xliv.,20 ; and Houbigant contends would rejoice. that this is the true reading, and that the Chaldee And Israel heard it.] Not one, word is added fartermination in for im is a corruption. If it be a cor- ther in the Hebrew text ; but a break is left in the ruption, it is as old as the days of St. Jerome, who verse, opposite to which there is a Masoretic note, which translates the place Benjamin, id est, filius dextræ ; simply states that there is a hiatus in the verse. This Benjamin, that is, the son of the right hand. hiatus the Septuagint has thús supplied : kal movmpov

Verse 20. Jacob set à pillar upon her grave] Was epavn evavtlov avtov, and it appeared evil in his sight. not this the origin of funeral monuments ? In ancient Nour the sons of Jacob were twelve] Called after-, times, and among rude nations, a heap of stones desig- wards the twelve patriarchs, because they became heads nated the burial place of the chief ; many of these or chiefs of numerous families or tribes, Acts yii. 8; still remain in different countries. Afterwards a rude and the people that descended from them are called stone, with a simple inscription, was used, containing the twelve tribes, Acts xxvi: 7; James i. '1. Twelve only the name of the deceased, and that of his father. princes came from Ishmael, chap. xxv. 16, who were But where arts and sciences flourished, superb monu- heads of families and tribes. And in reference to the ments were erected highly decorated, and pompously twelve: patriarchs, our Lord chose twelve apostles. inscribed. It is very likely from the circumstances Strictly speaking, there were thirteen tặibes among the of Jacob that a single stone constituted the pillar in Hebrews, as Ephraim and Manasses were counted for this case, on which, if writing did then exist, the name, tribes, chap. xlvii. 5, 6 ; but the Scripture in naming or rather some hieroglyphical device, was probably them, says Mr. Ainsworth, usually sets down but twelve, inscribed. That which is now called. Rachel's pillar. omitting the name now of one, then of another, as may is allowed, by those who have examined it, to be a in sundry places be observed, Deut. xxxii, ; Ezek. comparatively modern structure.

xlviii . ; Rev. vii., &c. Verse 21, Tower of Edar.] Literally, the lower of Verse 23. The sons of Leah] The children are arthe flock, and so translated Mic. iv. 8. It is supposed ranged under their respective mothers, and not in order that this tower was about a mile from Bethlehem, of their birth. and to have been the place where the angels appeared Verse 26. Born to him in Padan-aram.) i. e., all to the shepherds, The Targum of Jonathan expressly but Benjamin was born in Canaan, ver. 16, 17. says : “ It is the place in which the King Messiah It is well known that Padan-aram is the same as shall be manifested in the end of days.” By the Mesopotamia, and hence the Septuagint translate Metower of the flock we may understand a place built by Cototaula tns Euplas, Mesopotamia of Syria. The the shepherds near to 'some well, for the convenience word signifies between the two rivers, from uegos, the of watering their flocks, and keeping watch over them midst, and Totapos, a river. It is situated between by night.

the Euphrates and Tigris, having Assyria on the east, Verse 22. Reuben went and lay with Bilhah his Arabia Deserta, with Babylonia, on the south, Syria on father's concubine] Jonathan, in his Targum, says the west, and Armenia on' the north. It is now the that Reuben only overthrew the bed of Bilhal, which province of Diarbek, in Asiatic Turkey, and is somewas set up opposite to the bed of his mother Leah, times called Maverannahar, the country beyond the and that this was reputed to him as if he had lain. river; and Aram Naharaim, Aram or Syria of the two with her. The colouring given to the passage by the rivers. Targumist is, that Reuben was incensed, because he Verse 27. The city of Arbah, (which is Hebron)] found Bilhah preferred after the death of Rachel to See chap. xxii. 2. It has been conjectured that Jahis own mother Leah; and therefore in his anger he cob must have paid a visit to his father before this overthrew her couch. The same sentiment is repeat. I time, as previously to this he had been some years in

A, M. 2288
B. C. 1716.

Isaac's age and death.

GENESIS.

Esau and Jacob bury him. 28 And the days of Isaac were as and was gathered unto his people, A. M. 2288.

hundred and fourscore years. being old and full of days: and 29 And Isaac gave up the ghost and died, his sons Esau and Jacob buried him.

B. C. 1716.

• Chap. xv. 15 ; xxv. 8.

P So chap. xxv. 9; xlix. 31.

us.

Canaan ; but now, as he was approaching to his end, that the neighbouring tribes did not join together and Jacob is supposed to have gone to live with and com- extirpate the whole family? And so they certainly fort him in his declining days.

would, had not the terror of God fallen upon them, Verse 29. Isaac gave up the ghost--and was ga- ver. 5. Jacob and the major part of his family were thered unto his people] See on chap. xxv. 8. innocent of this great transgression ; and on the

Esau and Jacob buried him.) See chap. xxv. 9. preservation of their lives, the accomplishment of Esau, as we have seen chap. xxxiii., was thoroughly great events depended : therefore God watches over reconciled to his brother Jacob, and now they both join them, and shields them from the hands of their 'in fraternal and filial affection to do the last kind office enemies.' to their amiable father. It is generally allowed that 3. The impatience and fate of the amiable Rachel, the death of Isaac is mentioned here out of its chrono- who can read of without deploring? Give me children, logical order, as several of the transactions mentioned said she, or else I die, chap. xxx, 1. Her desire was in the succeeding chaptérs, especially xxxvii. and granted, and her death was the consequence! God's xxxviii., must have happened during his life; but that way is ever best. We know not what we ask, nor what the history of Joseph might not be disturbed, his death we ought to ask, and therefore often ask amiss when is anticipated in this place. It is supposed that he lived we petition for such secular things as belong to the at least twelve years after Joseph was sold into Egypt. dispensations of God's providence. For things of this

kind we have no revealed directory ; and when we ask This chapter contains several subjects which are for them, it should be with the deepest submission to well worthy of the reader's most serious attention. the Divine will, as God alone knows what is best for

1. That such a family as that of Jacob should have With respect to the soul, every thing is clearly had false gods in it, is a matter not less astonishing revealed, so that we may ask and receive, and have a than real : and suppose that we allow, as is very pro- fulness of joy; but as to our bodies, there is much bable, that their images and rings were got from stran- reason to fear that the answer of our petitions would gers, the Syrians and the Shechemites, yet their being be, in numerous cases, our inevitable destruction. How tolerated in the family, though it is probable this was many prayers does God in mercy shut out! for a very short time, cannot be easily accounted for. 4. The transgression of Reuben, of whatsoever kind, It is true the Law was not then given, and the unity was marked, not only by the displeasure of his father, of God not so particularly taught as it was afterwards. but by that of God also; see chap. xlix. 4. It brought Besides, we have already seen that certain supersti- a curse upon him, and he forfeited thereby the right tions were compatible in those early times with general of primogeniture, and the priesthood : the first was sincerity and attachment to the truth ; those times and given to Judah, the second to Levi.. Is it not in referacts of ignorance were winked at, till superior light ence to this that our Lord addresses these solemn shoné upon the world. Between many of the prac- words to the angel of the Church of Philadelphia : Betices of Laban's family and those of the surrounding hold, I come quickly ; hold that fast which thou hast, heathenish tribes, there might have been but little dif- that no MAN TAKE THY CROWN? A man, by sowing a ference ; and this was probably the reason why Dinah grain of forbidden sweets, may reap an abundant harcould so readily mix with the daughters of the land, vest of eternal wretchedness. Reader, let not sin rob chap. xxxiv. 1, which led to the fatal consequences thee of the kingdom of God. already reviewed. Sin is like the letting out of wa- 5. Here we have the death of Isaac recorded : most ter--when once a breach is made in the dyke, the that can can be said of his character has been already stream becomes determined to a wrong course, and its anticipated, see chap. xxii., &c. He appears to have progress is soon irresistible. Had not Jacob put away been generally pious, deeply submissive and obedient. these strange gods, the whole family might have been He was rather an amiable and good, than a great and infected with idolatry. This saying of one of the an- useful, man. If compared with his son Jacob, in the cients is good, Vitia transmittit ad posteros, qui præ- early part of their lives, he appears to great advantage, sentibus culpis ignoscit.-SENECA. “He who is in- as possessing more sincerity and more personal piety. dulgent to present offences, transmits sin to posterity.”. But if compared with his father Abraham, 0, what a The first motions of it should be firmly resisted ; after falling off is here! Abraham is the most perfect chastruggles are too often fruitless.

racter under the Old Testament, and even under the 2. The doctrine of a particular and especial provi- New he has no parallel but St. Paul. Isaac, though dence has another proof in this chapter. After the falling far short of his father's excellences, will ever sanguinary conduct of Jacob's sons, is it not surprising | remain a pattern of piety and filial obedience.

212

The generations of Esau

CHAP. XXXVI.

by his Canaanitish wives.

CHAPTER XXXVI.

The genera

b

The genealogy of Esau, i. e., his sons, by his Canaanitish wives Adah, Aholibamah, and Bashemath, 1-3.

The children of Adah and Bashemath, 4. Of Aholibamah, 5. Esau departs from Canaan and goes to Mount Seir, 6–8. The generations of Esau, i. e., his grandchildren, while in Seir, 9–19. tions of Seir, the Horite, 20–30. Anah finds mules (Yemim) in the wilderness, 24. The kings which reigned in Edom, 31-39. The dukes that succeeded them, 40–43. A. M. cir. 2225. NOW these are the genera-went into the country from the A. M: cir. 2260.

tions of Esau, who is Edom. face of his brother Jacob. A. M. cir. 2288. 2 Esau took his wives of the 7 8 For their riches were more than that B. C. cir. 1716.

daughters of Canaan; Adah the they might dwell together; and h the land daughter of Elon the Hittite, and · Aholibamah wherein they were strangers could not bear the daughter of Anah the daughter of Zibeon them, because of their cattle. ; the Hivite;

8 Thus dwelt Esau in mount Seir : * Esau A. M. cir. 2225. 3 And : Bashemath Ishmael's is Edom. B. C. cir. 1779.

daughter, sister of Nebajoth. 9 And these are the generations of Esau A. M. cir. 2230. 4 And e Adah bare to Esau the father of 'the Edomites in mount Seir. B. C. cir. 1774.

Eliphaz; and Bashemath bare 10 These are the names of A. M. cir. 22.30.
Reuel.
.'

Esau's sons; Eliphaz the son
A. M. cir. 2292. 5 And Aholibamah bare Jeush, of Adah the wife of Esau, Reuel the son of
B. C. cir. 1712.

and Jaalam, and Korah: these Bashemath the wife of Esau. are the sons of Esąu, which were born unto 11 And the sons of Eliphaz A. M. cir

. 2270.

B. C. cir. 1734. him in the land of Canaan.

were Teman, Omar, Zepho, and A. M. cir. 2266. 6 And Esau took his wives, Gatam, and Kenaz. B. C. cir. 1738.

and his sons, and his daughters, 12 And Timna was concubine to Eliphaz and all the persons of his house, and his Esau's son ; and she bare to Eliphaz o Amacattle, and all his beasts, and all his substance, lek: these were the sons of Adah Esau's which he had got in the land of Canaan ; and wife.

B. C. cir. 1774.

Chap. xxv.30. - Chap. xxvi. 34. Ver. 25. -d Chap. | ii. 5; Josh. xxiv. 4.- Ver. 1. 1 Heb. Edom.-M1 Chron. xxvi. 9.

-el Chron. i. 35. Heb. souls - Chap. xiii. i. 35, &c.- - Or, Zephi ; 1 Chron. i. 36.- - Exodus xvii. 8, 6, 11, Chap. xvii. 8; xxviii. 4. - Chap. xxxii. 3; Deut. 14; Num. xxiv. 20; 1 Sam. xv. 2, 3, &c.

NOTES ON CHAP. XXXVI:

and the fourteenth verse he is said to be the daughter Verse 1. These are the generations of Esau] We of Zibeon. But the Samaritan, the Septuagint, (and have here the genealogy of Esau in his sons and grand- the Syriac, in ver. 2,) read son instead of daughter, sons, and also the genealogy of Seir the Horite. The which Houbigant and Kennicott contend to be the true genealogy of the sons of Esau, born in Canaan, is re- reading. Others say that daughter should be referred lated ver. 1-8; those of his grandchildren born in to Aholibamah, who was the daughter of Anah, and Seir, 9-19; those of Seir the Horite, 20–30. The granddaughter of Zibeon. I should rather prefer the generations of Esau are particularly marked, to show reading of the Samaritan, Septuagint, and Syriac, and how exactly God fulfilled the promises he made to him, read; both here and in ver. 14, “Aholibamah, the chap. xxv. and xxvii. ; and those of Seir the Horite daughter of Anah the son of Zibeon," and then the are added, because his family became in some measure whole will agree with verse 24. blended with that of Esau.

Verse 6. Esau took his wides, fc.] So it appears Verse 2. His wives) It appears that Esau's wives that Esau and Jacob dwelt together in Canaan, whither went by very different names. - Aholibamah is named the former removed from Seir, probably soon after the Judith, chap. xxvi. 34 ; Adah is called Bashemath in return of Jacob. That they were on the most friendly the same place; and she who is here called Bashemath footing this sufficiently proves ; and Esau shows the is called Mahalath, chap. xxvii. 9. These are varia- same dignified conduct as on other occasions, in leavtions which cannot be easily accounted for; and they ing Canaan to Jacob, and returning again to Mount are not of sufficient importance to engross much time. Seir ; certainly a much less fruitful region than that It is well known that the same persons in Scripture are which he now in behalf of his brother voluntarily often called by different names. See the Table of abandoned. variations, chap. xxv., where there are some slight Verse 12. Timna was concubine to Eliphaz] As examples.

Timna was sister to Lotan the Horite, ver. 22, we Anah the daughter of Zibeon). But this same Anah see how the family of Esau and the Horites got inis said to be the son of Zibeon, ver. 24, though in this termixed. This might give the sons of Esau a preo

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