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B. C. 1491.

B. C. 1491.

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The Israelites enter the sea,

CHAP. XIV. and the Egyptains follow them. A. M. 2513. b made the sea dry land, and the Pharaoh's horses, his chariots, A. M. 2513. An. Exod. Isr. 1. waters were divided.

and his horsemen.

An. Exod. Iar. 1. Abib or Nisan. 22 And d the children of Israel 24 And it came to

Abib or Nisan. that in

pass, went into the midst of the sea, upon the dry the morning watch f the Lord looked unto the ground : and the waters were e a wall unto host of the Egyptians, through the pillar of them on their right hand and on their left. fire and of the cloud, and troubled the host

23 And the Egyptians pursued, and went of the Egyptians, in after them to the midst of the sea, even all 25 And took off their chariot wheels, & that

Psalm lxvi. 6. - Chap. xv. 8; Josh. iii. 16; iv. 23 ; Neh. Isaiah lxiii. 13; 1 Cor. x. 1 ; Hebrews xi. 29. - Hab. iii. 10. ix. 11; Psa. lxxin 13; cvi.9 ; cxiv. 3; Isa. Ixii. 12.- Ver. 1 See Psalm lxxvii. 17, &c. -8 Or, and made them to go 29; chap. xv. 19; Numbers xxxvi. 8; Psa. lxvi. 6 ; lxxviff. 13; heavily.

appear to be employed, though the effect produced can infidelity! how miserable and despicable are thy be attributed to neither. By stretching out the rod shifts ! the waters were divided; by the blowing of the ve- Verse 24. The morning watch] A watch was the hement, ardent, east wind, the bed of the sea was dried. fourth part of the time from sun-setting to sun-rising ; It has been observed, that in the place where the Is- so called from soldiers keeping guard by night, who raelites are supposed to have passed, the water is about being changed four times during the night, the periods fourteen fathoms or twenty-eight yards deep : had the came to be called watches.Dodd. wind mentioned here been strong enough, naturally As here and in 1 Sam. xi. 11 is mentioned the speaking, to have divided the waters, it must have blown morning watch; so in Lam. ii. 19, the beginning of in one narrow track, and continued blowing in the di. the walches ; and in Judg. vñ. 19, the middle watch rection in which the Israelites passed.; and a wind suf- is spoken of; in Luke xii. 38, the second and third ficient to have raised a mass of water twenty-eight watch; and in Matt. xiv. 25, the fourth watch of the yards deep and twelve miles in length, out of its bed, night'; which in Mark xiii. 35 are named evening, midwould necessarily have blown the whole six hundred night, cock-crowing, and day-dawning.Ainsworth. thousand men away, and utterly destroyed them and As the Israelites went out of Egypt at the vernal their cattle. I therefore conclude that the east wind, equinox, the morning watch, or, according to the Hewhich was ever remarked as a parching, burning wind, brew, paa nnoun) beashmoreth habboker, the watch was used after the division of the waters, merely to of day-break, would answer to our four o'clock in the dry the bottom, and render it passable. For an account morning.–Calmet. of the hot drying winds in the east, see the note on The Lord looked unto] This probably means that Gen. viii. 1. . God ever puts the highest honour on the cloud suddenly assumed a fiery appearance where his instrument, Nature ; and where it can act, he ever it had been dark before ; or they were appalled by vioemploys it. No natural agent could divide these wa- lent thunders and lightning, which we are assured by ters, and cause them to stand as a wall upon the right the psalmist did actually take place, together with great hand and upon the left ; therefore God did it by his inundations of rain, &c. : The clouds POURED OUT WAown sovereign power. When the waters were thus TER; the skies sent out a SOUND : thine ARROWs also divided, there was no need of a miracle to dry the bed went abroad. The voice of ihy THUNDER was in the of the sea and make it passable; therefore the strong heaven; the LIGHTNINGS LIGHTENED The world; the earth desiccating east wind was brought, which soon accom- TREMBLED and shook, Thy way is in the

and thy plished this object. In this light I suppose the text path in the great walers. Thou leddest thy people like should be understood.

a flock, by the hand of Moses and Aaron ; Psa. Ixxvii. Verse 22. And the waters were a wall unto them on 17-20. Such tempests as these would necessarily their right hand and on their left.] This verse demon- terrify the Egyptian horses, and produce general constrates that the passage was miraculous. Some have fusion. By their dashing hither and thither the wheels supposed that the Israelites had passed through, fa- must be destroyed, and the chariots broken; and foot voured by an extraordinary ebb, which happened at that and horse must be mingled together in one universal time to be produced by a strong wind, which happened ruin ; see ver. 25. During the time thrat this state of just then to blow! Had this been the case, there could horror, and confusion was at its summit the Israelites not have been waters standing on the right hand and had safely passed over; and then Moses, at the comon the left; much less could those waters, contrary to mand of God, (ver. 26,) having stretched out his rod every law of fluids, have stood as a wall on either side over the waters, the sea returned to its strength ; (ver. while the Israelites passed through, and then happen 27 ;) i. e., the waters by their natural gravity resumed to become obedient to the laws of gravitation when the their level, and the whole Egyptian host were comEgyptians entered in !. An infidel may deny the reve- pletely overwhelmed, ver. 28. But as to the Israellation in toto, and from such we expect nothing better; ites, the waters had been a wall unto them on the right but to hear those who profess to believe this to be a hand and on the left, ver. 29. This the waters could Divine revelation endeavouring to prove that the pas- not have been, unless they had been supernaturally supsage of the Red Sea had nothing miraculous in it, is ported; as their own gravity would necessarily have really intolerable. Such a mode of interpretation occasioned them to have kept their level, or, if raised requires a miracle to make itself credible. Poor beyond it, to have regained it if left to their natural VOL. I. ( 25 )

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sea,

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A. M. 2513.
B. C. 1491.

B. C. 1491.

Abib or Nisan.

The waters return and

EXODUS.

overwhelm the Egyptians. they drave them heavily: so that host of Pharaoh, that came into A. M. 2513. An. Exod. Isr. 1. the Egyptians said, Let us flee the sea after them ;. there re- An. Exod. Isr: j. Abib or Nisan. from the face of Israel; for the mained not, so much as one of Lord " fighteth for them against the Egyptians. them.

26 And the LORD said unto Moses, · Stretch 29 But P the children of Israel walked upon out thine hand over the sea, that the waters dry land, in the midst of the sea ; and the 'may come again upon the Egyptians, upon waters were a wall unto them, on their right their chariots, and upon their horsemen. hand, and on their left.

27 And Moses stretched forth his hand over 30 Thus the LORD 4 saved Israel that day the sea, and the sea k returned to his strength out of the hand of the Egyptians; and Israel when the morning appeared ; and the Egyp-saw the Egyptians dead upon the seashore. tians fled against it; and the Lord 'overthrew m 31, And Israel saw that great s work which the Egyptians in the midst of the sea. the LORD did upon the Egyptians : and the

28 And - the waters returned, and covered people feared the Lord, and believed the the chariots, and the horsemen, and all the Lord, and his servant Moses.

h Ver. 14. Li Ver. 16.k Josh. iv. 18. Chap. xv. 1, 7, P Ver. 22; Psa. Lxxvii. 20; lxxviii. 52, 53. -4 Psalm cri. 8, m Heb. shook off ; Deut. xi. 4; Psa. Ixxviii.- 53; Neh ix. 11; 10.- - Psa. lviii. 10; lix, 10.- Heb. hand. Chap. iv.31; Heb. xi. 29. - Hab. iii. 8, 13. — Psa. cvi. il.

xix. 9 ; Psa. vi. 12 ; John ii. 11; xi. 45.

law, to which they are ever subject; unless in cases of of-the omnipotence of their Protector: and how strange, miraculous interference. Thus the enemies of the that after such displays of the justice and mercy of Lord perished ; and that people who decreed that the Jehovah, the Israelites should ever have been deficient male children of the Hebrews should be drowned, were in faith, or have given place to murmuring ! themselves destroyed in the pit which they had destined for others. God's ways are all equal; and he 1. The events recorded in this chapter are truly renders to every man according to his works. astonishing; and they strongly mark what God can

Verse 28. There remained not so much as one of do, and what he will do, both against his enemies and them.] Josephus says that ihe army of Pharaob con- in behalf of his followers. In vain are all the forces sisted of fifty thousand horse, and two hundred thou- of Egypt united to destroy the Israelites : at the sand foot, of whom not one remained to carry tidings breath of God's mouth they perish; and his feeble, of this most extraordinary catastrophe.

discouraged, unarmed followers take the prey! With Verse 30. Israel saw the Egyptians dead upon the such a history before their eyes, is it not strange that seashore.) By the extraordinary agitation of the wa- sinners should run on frowardly in the path of transters, no doubt multitudes of the dead Egyptians were gression; and that those who are redeemed from the cast on the shore, and by their spoils the Israelites world, should ever doubt of the all-sufficiency and were probably furnished with, considerable riches, and goodness of their God! Had we not already known especially clothing and arms ; which latter were essen- the sequel of the Israelitish history, we should have tially necessary to them in their wars with the Ama- been led to conclude that this people would have gone lekites, Basanites, and Amorites, &c., on their way to on theit way rejoicing, trusting in God with their the promised land. If they did not get their arms in whole heart, and never leaning to their own underthis way, we know not how they got them, as there standing ; but alas ! we find that as soon as any new is not the slightest reason to believe that they brought difficulty occurred, they murmured against God, and any with them out of Egypt.

their leaders, despised the pleasant land, and gave no Verse 31. The people feared the Lord] They were credence to his word. convinced by the interference of Jehovah that his 2. Their case is not a solitary one : most of those power was unlimited, and that he could do whatsoever who are called Christians are not more remarkable he pleased, both in the way of judgment and in the for faith and patience. Every reverse will necessarily way of mercy.

pain and discompose the people who are seeking their And believed the Lord, and his servant Moses.] portion in this life. And it is a sure mark of a worldly, They now clearly discerned that God had fulfilled all mind, when we trust the God of Providence and grace his promises ; and that not one thing had failed of all no farther than we see the operations of his hand in the good which he had spoken concerning Israel. our immediate supply; and murmur and repine when And they believed his servant Moses—they had now the hand of his bounty seems closed, and the influthe fullest proof that he was Divinely appointed to ences of his Spirit restrained, though our unthankful work all these miracles, and to bring them out of and unholy carriage has been the cause of this change. Egypt into the promised land.

Those alone who humble themselves under the mighty Thus God got himself honour upon Pharaoh and the hand of God, shall be lifted up in due season. Reader, Egyptians, and credit in the sight of Israel. After this thou canst never be deceived in trusting thy all, the overthrow of their king and his host, the Egyptians in concerns of thy body and soul, to Him wlio divided the terrupted them no more in their journeyings, convinced sea, saved the Hebrews, and destroyed the Egyptians. 370

r 25* )

a

The triumphal song of

CHAP. XV.

Moses and the Israelites.

b

CHAPTER XV. Moses and the Israelites sing a song of praise to God for their late deliverance, in which they celebrate the

power of God, gloriously manifested in the destruction of Pharaoh his host, 1 ; erpress their confidence in him as their strength and protector, 2, 3; detail the chief circumstances in the overthrow of the Egyptians, 4-8; and relate the purposes they had formed for the destruction of God's people, 9, and how he destroyed them in the imaginations of their hearts, 10. Jehovah is celebrated for the perfections of his nature and his wondrous works, 11-13. A prediction of the effect which the account of the destruction of the Egyptians should have on the Edomites, Moabites, and Canaanites, 14-16. A prediction of the establishment of Israel in the promised land, 17. The full chorus of praise, 18. Recapitulation of the destruction of the Egyptians, and the deliverance of Israel, 19. Miriam and the women join in and

pros long the chorus, 20, 21. The people travel three days in the wilderness of Shur, and find no water, 22. Coming to Marali, and finding bitter waters, they murmur against Moses, 23, 24. In answer to the prayer of Moses, God shows him a tree by which the waters are sweetened, 26. God gives them statutes and gracious promises, 26. They come to Elim, where they find twelve' wells of water and seventy palm trees, and there they encamp, 27. A. M. 2513. THEN sang · Moses and the ing, I will sing unto , the A. M. 2513. B. C. 1191.

B. C. 1491. An. Exod. Isr. 1.

children of Israel this song Lord, for he hath triumphed an. Exod. Isr: 1. Abib or Nisan,

unto the Lord; and spake, say- gloriously : the horse and his Abib or Nisan.

* Judg. v. 1; 2 Sam. xxii. 1; Psa. cvi. 12; Wisd. x. 20.- _b Ver. 21. NOTES ON CHAP. XV..

prose ; and, that his books might bear as near a resemVerse 1. Then sang Moses and the children of blance as possible to the ancient and popular originals. Israel this song) Poetry has been cultivated in all he divided them into nine, and dedicated each to one ages and among all people, from the most refined to of the muses! His work therefore seems to ocoupy the most barbarous; and to it principally, under the the same place between the ancient poetic compositions kind providence of God, we are indebted for most of (and mere prosaic histories, as the polype does between the original accounts we have of the ancient nations plants and animals. Much even of our sacred records of the universe. Equally measured lines, with a har- is written in poetry, which God has thus consecrated monious collocation of expressive, sonorous, and some to be the faithful transınitter of remote and important times highly metaphorical terms, the alternate lines events ;, and of this the song before the reader. is a either answering to each other in sense, or ending with proof in point. Though this is not the first specimen similar sounds, were easily committed to memory, and of poetry we have met with in the Pentateuch, (see easily retained. As these were often accompanied Lamech's speech to his wives, Gen. iv, 23, 24; Noah's with a pleasing air or lune, the subject being a con- prophecy concerning his sons, chap. ix. 25-27; and catenation of striking and interesting events, histories Jacob's blessing to the twelve patriarchs, chap. xlix. formed thus became the amusement of youth, the 2–27, and the notes there,) yet it is the first regular softeners of the tedium of labour, and even the solace ode of any considerable length, having but one sub

In such a way the histories of most nations ject; and it is all written in hemislichs, or half lines, have been preserved. The interesting events cele. the usual form in IIebrew poetry ;, and though this brated, the rhythm or metre, and the accompanying form frequently. occurs, it is not attended to in our tune or recitativo air, rendered them easily transmis- common printed Hebrew Bibles, except in this and sible to posterity; and by means of tradition they three other places, (Deut. xxxii., Judg. V., and 2 Sam. passed safely from father to son through the times of xxii.,) all of which shall be noticed as they occur. But comparative darkness, till they arrived at those ages in Dr. Kennicott's edition of the Hebrew Bible, all in which the pen and the press have given them a sort the poetry, .wheresoever it occurs, is printed in its of deathless duration and permanent stability, by mul- own hemistich form. tiplying the copies. Many of the ancient historic After what has been said it is perhaps scarcely beand heroic British tales are continued by tradition cessary to observe, that as such ancient poetic hisamong the aboriginal inhabitants of Ireland to the pre- tories commemorated great and extraordinary displays. sent day; and the repetition of them constitutes the of providence, courage, strength, fidelily, heroism, and chief amusement of the winter evenings. Even the piety; hence the origin of epic poems, of which the prose histories, which were written on the ground of song in this chapter is the earliest specimen. And on the poetic, copied closely their exemplars, and the the principle of preserving the memory of such events, historians themselves were obliged to study all the most nations have had their epic poets, who have genebeauties and ornaments of style, that their works might rally taken for their subject the most splendid or most become popular ; and to this circumstance we owe remote events of their country's history, which either not a small measure of what is termed refinement of referred to the formation or extension of their empire, language. How observable is this in the history of the exploits of their ancestors, or the establishment of Herodotus, who appears to have closely copied the their religion. Jlence the ancient Hebrews had their ancient poetic records in his inimitable and harmonious Shir Mosheh, the piece in question ; the Greeks, their

of age.

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Confidence of Israel

EXODUS.

in God's protection. A. M. 2513. rider hath he thrown into he is my God, and I will pre- A. M. 2513. B. C. 1491.

B. C. 1491. An. Exod. Isr: 1. the sea.

paré him da habitation ; my An. Exod. Isr. 1. Abib or Nisan.

Abib or Nisan. 2 The LORD is my strength e father's God, and I will and c

song, and he is become my salvation : exalt - him. · Deut. x. 21; Psa. xviii. 2; xxii. 3 ; lix. 17; lxii. 6; cix. 1; 21, 22; 2 Sam. vii. 5; Psa. cxxxii. 5.- - Chap. iii. 15, 16. cxvii. 14; cxl.7; Isa. xii. 2 ; Hab. ii. 18, 19. d Gen. xxviii. 12 Sam. xxii. 47; Psa. xcix. 5; cxviii. 28; Isa. xxv. 1. Ilias ; the HINDOOS, their Mahabarat; the. ROMANS, It is worthy of observation that the word which we their Æneis ; the NORWEGIANS, their Edda; the Irish translate LORD here, is not 1177 JEHOVAH in the oriand Scotch, their Fingal and Chronological poems ; ginal, bụt ni JAH; “ as if by abbreviation,” says Mr. the Welsh, their Taliessin and his Triads; the ARABS, Parkhurst, "for 17'07" yeheięh or '7 yehi. It signifies their Nebiun-Nameh (exploits of Mohammed) and the Essence 'O 2N, He who IS, simply, absolutely, Hamleh Heedry, (exploits of Aly ;) the Persians, their and independently. The relation between it' Jah and Shah Nameh, (book of kings ;) the Italians, their the verb 707, to subsist, exist, be, is intimated to us the Gerusalemme Liberata ; the PORTUGUESE; their Lu- first time 07 Jah-is used in Scripture, (Exod. xv. 2 :) siad; the ENGLISH, their Paradise Lost; and, in My strength and my song is 77 Jan, and he is behumble imitation of all the rest, (etsi non passibus come ('7" vajehi) to me salvation.'” See Psa. Ixviii. æquis,) the FRENCH, their Henriade,

5; lxxxix. 6; xciv. 7 ; cxv. 17, 18; cxviii. 17. The song of Moses has been in the highest repute Jan it is several times joined with the name Jehoin the Church of God from the beginning; the author vah 7717', so that we may be sure that it is not, as of the Book of Wisdom attributes it in a particular some have supposed, a mere abbreviation of that word. manner to the wisdom of God, and says that on this See Isa. xii. 2 ; xxvi. 4. Our blessed Lord solemnly occasion God opened the mouth of the dumb, and made claims to himself what is intended in this Divine name the longues of infants eloquent ; chap. x. 21. As if 7 Jah, John viii. 58: "Before Abraham was, (yeveohe had said, Every person felt an interest in the great dal, was born,) cyw euul, I AM,” not I was, but I am, events which had taken place, and all laboured to give plainly intimating bis Divine eternal existence. ComJehovah that praise .which was due to his name. pare Isa. xliii. 13. And the Jews appear to have “ With this song of victory over Pharaoh,” says Mr. well understood him, for then took they up stones to Ainsworth, “the Holy Ghost compares the song of cast at him as a blasphemer. Compare Col. i. 16, 17, those who have gotten the victory over the spiritual where the Apostle Paul, after asserting that all things Pharaoh, the beast, (Antichrist,) when they stand by that are jn heaven and that are in earth, visible and the sea of glass mingled with fire, (as Israel stood invisible, were created, EKTIOTAL, by and for Christ, here by the Red Sea,) having the harps of God; (as adds, And HE IS (avtos coti, not nv, was) before all the women here had timbrels, ver. 20,) and they sing things, and by him all things ouveotnke, have subsisted, the song of Moses the servant of God, and the song and still subsist. See Parkhurst. of the Lamb, the Son of God;" Rev. xv. 2-4.

From this Divine name 7' Jah the ancient Greeks I will sing unto the Lord] Moses begins the song, had their In, In, in their invocations of the gods, parand in the two first hemistichs states the subject of it; ticularly of Apollo (the uncompounded one) the light, and these two first lines became the grand chorus of and hence Ei, written after the oriental manner from the piece, as we may learn from ver. 21. See Dr. right to left, afterwards le, was inscribed over the Kennicott's arrangement and translation of this piece great door of the temple at Delphi ! See the note on at the end of this chapter.

chap. iii. 14, and the concluding observations there. Triumphed gloriously) ki gaoh gaah, I will prepare him a habilation] 171xi veanvehu. he is exceedingly exalted, rendered by the Septuagint, It has been supposed that Moses, by this expression, Evdośws yap dedocotal, He is gloriously glorified; intended the building of the tabernacle ; but it seems and surely this was one of the most signal displays of to come in very strangely in this place. Most of the the glorious majesty of God ever exhibited since the ancient versions understood the original in a very difcreation of the world. . And when it is considered that ferent sense. The Vulgate has et glorificabo eum ; the whole of this transaction shadowed out the redemp- the Septuagint došaow avtov, I will GLORIFY him; with tion of the human race from the thraldom and power which the Syriac, Coptic, the Targum of Jonathan, and of sin and iniquity by the Lord Jesus, and the final the Jerusalem Turgum, agree. From the Targum triumph of the Church of God over all its enemies, we of Onkelos the present translation seems to have may also join in the song, and celebrate Him who has been originally derived; he has translated the place triumphed so gloriously, having conquered death, and wopa 775 IN) veebnei leh makdash,

" And I will build opened the kingdom of heaven to all believers. him a sanctuary,” which not one of the other ver

Verse 2. The Lord is my strength and song] How sions, the Persian excepted, acknowledges. Our own judiciously are the members of this sentence arranged ! old translations are generally different from the preHe who has God for his strength, will have him for sent: Coverdale, “ This my God, I will magnify him ;" his song; and he to whom Jehovah is become salva- Matthew's, Cranmer's, and the Bishops' Bible, render tion, will exalt his name. Miserably and untunably, it glorify, and the sense of the place seems to require in the ears of God, does that man sing praises, who is it. Calmet, Houbigant, Kennicott, and other critics, not saved by the grace of Christ, nor strengthened by contend for this translation. the power of his might.

My father's God] I believe Houbigant to be right,

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B. C. 1491.

A. M. 2513.
B. C. 1491.

Abib or Nisan.

God is praised for his

CHAP. XV.

power, excellency, and justice. A. M. 2513 3 The Lord is a man of 8 war : 8 And with the blast of thy An. Exod. Isr. 1. the LORD is his h name.

nostrils the waters were gathered An. Exod. Isr. 1. Abib or Nisan. 4 iPharaoh's chariots and his together, the floods stood

uphost hath he cast into the sea : « his chosen right as a heap, and the depths were congealed captains also are drowned in the Red Sea. in the heart of the sea. 5 The depths have covered them: they

they 9 . The enemy said, I will pursue, I will sank into the bottom as a stone.

overtake, I will divide the spoil ; my lust 6 - Thy right hand, O LORD, is become shall be satisfied upon them; I will draw my glorious in power : thy right hand, O Lord, sword, my hand shall destroy them. hath dashed in pieces the enemy.

10 Thou didst w blow with thy wind, the 7 And in the greatness of thine o excelleney sea covered them : they sank as lead in the thou hast overthrown them that rose up against mighty waters. thee: thou sentest forth thy wrath, which Pcon

11 y Who is like unto thee, O LORD, among sumed them aas stubble.

the ' gods? who is like thee, glorious in

W

Psa. xxiv. 8; Rev, xix. 11.- b Chap. vi. 3; Psa. Ixxxiii. Psa. lxxviii. 13; Hab. iii. 10.- - Judg. v. 30. _u Gen. xlix. 18. - Chap. xiv. 28. Chapter xiv. 7. Chap. xiv. 28. 27; Isa. liii. 12; Luke xi. 22. Or, repossess.- Chap. xiv. Neh. ix. 11. un Psalm cxviii. 15, 26.- -o Deut. xxxiii. 26. 21 ;. Psa. cxlvii. 18.- Ver. 5; chap. xiv. 28. - 2 Sam. vii. P Psa. lix. 13. -9 Isaiah v. 24 ; xlvii. 14. Chapter xiv. 21 ; 22; 1 Kings viH. 23 ; Psa. Ixxi. 19; lxxxvi. 8; lxxxix. 6,8; Jer. 2 Sam. xxii. 16; Job iv. 9; 2 Thess. ii. 8.

X. 6; xlix. 19. -z Or, mighty ones.

Isa. vi. 3.

who translates the original, 'Ix 75x Elohey abi, Deus they should not stumble ? As a beast goeth down meus, pater meus est, “My God is my Father.” Every into the valley, the Spirit of the LORD caused him to man may call the Divine Being his God; but only those rest; so didst thou lead thy people, to make thyself-a who are his children by adoption through grace can glorious name." call him their Father. This is a privilege which God Verse 8. The depths were congealed] The strong has given to none but his children. See Gal. iv. 6. east wind (chap. xiv., 21) employed to dry the bottom

Verse 3. The Lord is a man of war] Perhaps it of the sea, is here represented as the blast of God's would be better to translate the words, Jehovah is the nostrils that had congealed or frozen the waters, so man or hero of the battle. As we scarcely ever apply that they stood in heaps like a wall on the right hand the term to any thing but first-rate armed vessels, the and on the left. change of the translation seems indispensable, though Verse 9. The enemy said] As this song was comthe common rendering is literal enough. Besides, the posed by Divine inspiration, we may rest assured that object of Moses was to show that man had no part in these words were spoken by Pharaoh and his captains, this victory, but that the whole was wrought by the and the passions they describe felt, in their utmost miraculous power of God, and that therefore he alone sway, in their hearts; but how soon was their boastshould have all the glory.

ing confounded ? “ Thou didst blow with thy wind, The LORD is his name.] That is, JEHOVAH. He and the sea covered them : they sank as lead in the has now, as the name implies, given complete exist- mighty waters !" ence to all his promises. See the notes on Gen. ii. 4, Verse 11. Who is like unto thee, O Lord, among and Exod. vi. 3.

the gods ?] We have already seen that all the EgypVerse 4. Pharaoh's chariols-his host-his chosen tian gods, or the objects of the Egyptians' idolatry, captains). On such an expedition it is likely that the were confounded, and rendered completely despicable, principal Egyptian nobility accompanied their king, and by the ten plagues, which appear to have been directed that the overthrow they met with here had reduced principally against them. Here the people of God exEgypt to the lowest extremity. Had the. Israelites ult over them afresh: Who among these gods is like been intent on plunder, or had Moses been influenced unto Thee? They can neither save nor destroy; Thou by a spirit of ambition, how 'easily might both have dost both in the most signal manner. gratified themselves, as, had they returned, they might

' . have soon overrun and subjugated the whole land. mochah baelim Yehovah are supposed to have consti

Verse 6. Thy right hand] Thy omnipotence, mani- tuted the motto on the ensign of the Asmoneans, and fested in a most extraordinary way.

to have furnished the name of Maccabeus to Judas, • Verse 7. In the greatness of thine excellency] To their grand captain, from whom they were afterwards this wonderful deliverance the Prophet Isaiah refers, called Maccabeans, it may be necessary to say a few chap. Ixiii. 11-14 : “ Then he remembered the days words on this subject. It is possible that Judas Macof old, Moses and his people, saying, Where is he that cabeus might have had this motto on his ensign, or at brought them up out of the sea with the shepherd of least the initial letters of it, for such a practice was his flock? Where is he that put his Holy Spirit within not uncommon. For instance, on the Roman standard him ? That led them by the right hand of Moses with the letters S. P.Q. R. stood for Senatus Populus Que his glorious arm, dividing the water before them, to Romanus, i. e. the Senate and Roman People ; and make himself an everlasting name? That led them on M. C. B. I. might have stood for Mi Chamothrough the deep, as a horse in the wilderness, that | chah Baelim Jehovah, “ Who among the gods (or strong

-mi cha מי כמכה באלם יהוה As the original words

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