Imágenes de páginas

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The mercy-seat,


and the cherubim. A. M. 2513. 17 And I thou shalt make a with their wings, and their faces An. Exod. Isr. 1. mercy-seat of pure gold : two shall look one to another; toward An. Exod. Isr. 1.

cubits and a half shall be the the mercy-seat shall the faces of length thereof, and a cubit and a half the the cherubims be. breadth thereof.

21 And thou shalt put the mercy-seat above 18 And thou shalt make two cherubims of upon the ark; and u in the ark thou shalt gold, of beaten work shalt thou make them, in put the testimony that I shall give thee. the two ends of the mercy-seat.

22 And there I will meet with thee, and 19 And make one cherub on the one end, I will commune with thee from above the and the other cherub on the other end; even mercy-seat, from w between the two cheruof the mercy-seat shall ye make the cheru- bims which are upon the ark of the testimony, bims on the two ends thereof.

of all things which I will give thee in com20 And the cherubims shall stretch forth mandment unto the children of Israel. their wings on high, covering the mercy-seat - 23 * Thou shalt also make a table of shittim

9 Chap. xxxvii. 6; Rom. iii. 25; Heb. ix. 5. or Or, of the vii. 89; 1 Samuel iv. 4; 2 Samuel vi. 2; 2 Kings xix. matter of the mercy-seat. - 1 Kings vin. 7; 1 Chron. xxviii. 15; Psalm lxxx. 1; xc. 1; Isaiah xxxvii. 16. Chap. 18; Heb. ix. 5. — Chap. xxvi. 31. Ver. 16. - Chapter xxxvii. ]0; 1 Kings vii. 48; 2 Chron. iv. 8; Hebrews XXIX. 42, 43; xxx. 6, 36; Lev, xvi. 2; Num. xvii. 4. w Num. ix. 2.

Verse 17. A mercy-seal] ng capporeth, from 19) their forms and design there is much difference of caphar, to cover or overspread; because by an act of opinion among divines. It is probable that the term pardon sins are represented as being covered, so that often means a figure of any kind, such as was ordithey no longer appear in the eye of Divine justice to narily sculptured on stone, engraved on metal, carved displease, irritate, and call for punishment; and the on wood, or embroidered on cloth. See on chap. xxxv. person of the offender is covered or protected froin the 8. It may be only necessary to add, that cherub is stroke of the broken law. . In the Greek version of the singular number ; cherubim, not clierubims, the the Septuagint the word inactmplov, hilasterion, is used, plural. See what has been said on this subject in the which signifies a propitiatory, and is the name used by note on Gen. iii. 24. the apostle, Heb. ix. 5. This mercy-seat or propitia- Verse 22. And there I will meet with thee] That tory was made of pure gold; it was properly the lid is, over the mercy-seat, between the cherubim. In or covering of that vessel so well known by the name this place God chose to give the most especial maniof the ark and ark of the covenant. On and before festations of himself; here the Divine glory was to be this, the high priest was to sprinkle the blood of the seen ; and here Moses was to come in order to consult erpiatory sacrifices on the great day of atonement : Jehovah, relative to the management of the people. and it was in this place that God promised to meet Ainsworth has remarked that the rabbins


“ The the people, (see ver. 22 :) for there he dwelt, and there heart of man may be likened to God's sanctuary ; for was the symbol of the Divine presence. At each end as, in the sanctuary, the shechinah or Divine glory of this propitiatory was a cherub, between whom this dwelt, because there were the ark, the tables, and the glory was manifested; hence in Scripture it is so often cherubim ; so, in the heart of man, it is meet that a said that he dwelleth between the cherubim. As the place be made for the Divine Majesty to dwell in, and word inaoinplov, propiliatory or mercy-seat, is applied that it be the holy of holies.” This is a doctrine most to Christ, Rom. iii. 25, whom God hath set forth to implicitly taught by the apostles ; and the absolute nebe a PROPITIATION (imaotnplov) through faith in his cessity of having the heart made a habitation of God blood-for the remission of sins that are past; hence through the Spirit, is strongly and frequently insisted we learn that Christ was the true mercy-seat, the on through the whole of the New Testament. See thing signified by the capporeth, to the ancient be- the note on the following verse. lievers. And we learn farther that it was by his blood Verse 23. Thou shall also make a table of shittim that an atonement was to be made for the sins of the wood] The same wood, the acacia, of which the arkworld. And as God showed himself between the staves, &c., were made. On the subject of the ark, cherubim over this propitiatory or mercy-seat, so it is table of shew-bread, &c., Dr. Cudworth, in his very said, God was in Christ reconciling the world unto him- learned and excellent treatise on the Lord's Supper, has self; 2 Cor. v. 19, &c. See on Lev. vii.

the following remarks :Verse 18. Thou shall make two cherubims] What “When God had brought the children of Israel out these were we cannot distinctly say. It is generally of Egypt, resolving tò manisest himself in a peculiar supposed that a cherub was a creature with four heads manner present among them, he thought good to dwell and one body: and the animals, of which these em- amongst them in a visible and external manner; and blematical forms consisted, were the noblest of their therefore, while they were in the wilderness, and sokinds; the lion among the wild beasts, the bull among journed in tents, he would have a tent or tabernacle the lame ones, the eagle among the birds, and man at built to sojourn with them also. This mystery of the the head of all; so that they might be, says Dr. Priest- tabernacle was fully understood by the learned Nachley, the representatives of all nature. Concerning manides, who, in few words, but pregnant, expresseth

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The golden table


for the shew-bread. wood : two cubits shall be the 27 Over against the border A. M. 2513.

B. C. 1491. An. Exod. Isr. 1. length thereof, and a cubit the shall the rings be for places An. Exod. Isr. 1. Sivan.

Sivan. breadth thereof, and a cubit and of the staves to bear the a half the height thereof.

table. 24 And thou shalt overlay it with pure gold, 28 And thou shalt make the staves of shittim and make thereto a crown of gold round about. wood, and overlay them with gold, that the

25 And thou shalt make unto it a border of table may be borne with them. a hand-breadth round about, and thou shalt 29 And thou shalt make y the dishes theremake a golden crown to the border thereof of, and spoons thereof, and covers thereof, and round about.

bowls thereof, a to cover withal : of pure gold 26. And thou shalt make for it four rings shalt thou make them. of gold, and put the rings in the four corners 30 And thou shalt set upon the table a shewthat are on the four feet thereof.

bread before me alway.

y Chap. xxxvii. 16; Num. iv. 7.

z Or, to pour out withal.

Lev. xxiv. 5, 6.

himself to this purpose : The mystery of the taber- is unsavoury without salt, as Nachmanides hath hero nacle was this, that it was to be a place for the she also well observed; because it was not honourable chinah, or habitation of Divinity, to be fixed in ;' and that God's meat should be unsavoury, without salt.' this, no doubt, as a special type of God's future dwell. Lastly, all these things were to be consumed on the ing in Christ's human nature, which was the True altar only by the holy fire which came down from heaven, SHECHINAH: but when the Jews were come into their because they were God's portion, and therefore to be land, and had there built them houses, God intended eaten or consumed by himself in an extraordinary manto have a fixed dwelling-house also ; and therefore his ner.” See on ver. 22. moyable tabernacle was to be turned into a standing Verse 29. The dishes thereof) inwp kearothaiv, temple. Now the tabernacle or temple, being thus as probably the deep bowls in which they'kneaded the a house for God to dwell in visibly, to make up the mass out of which they made the shew-bread. notion of dwelling or habitation complete there must And spoons thereof] Ino cappothaiv, probably be all things suitable to a house belonging to it; hence, censers, on which they put up the incense; as seems in the holy place, there must be a table, and a candle- pretty evident from Num. vii. 14, 20, 26, 32, 38, 44, stick, because this was the ordinary furniture of a room, 50, 56, 62, 68, 74, 80, 86, where the same word is as the fore-commended Nachmanides observes. The used, and the instrument, whatever it


is always table must have its dishes, and spoons, and bowls, and represented as being filled with incense. covers belonging to it, though they were never used ; Covers thereof) inip kesothaiv, supposed to be a and always be furnished with bread upon it. The can- large cup or tankard, in which pare wine was kept on dlestick must have its lamps continually burning. Hence the table along with the shew-bread for libations, which also there must be a continual fire kept in this house were poured out before the Lord every Sabbath, when of God upon the altar, as the focus of it; to which the old bread was removed, and the new bread laid on notion I conceive the Prophet Isaiah doth allude, chap. the table. xxxi. 9 : Whose fire is in Zion, and his furnace in

) menakkiyothaiv, Jerusalem ; and besides all this,

' to carry the notion nakah, to clear away, remove, empty, &c.; supposed by still farther, there must be some constant meat and pro- Calmet to mean, either the sieves by which the Levites vision brought into this house ; which was done in the cleansed the wheat they made into bread, (for it is assacrifices that were partly consumed by fire upon God's serted that the grain, out of which the shew-bread was own altar, and partly eaten by the priests, who were made, was sowed, reaped, ground, sifted, kneaded, baked, God's family, and therefore to be maintained by him. &c., by the Levites themselves,) or the ovens in which That which was consumed upon God's altar was ac- the bread was baked. Others suppose they were vescounted God's mess, as appeareth from Mal. i. 12, sels which they dipped into the kesoth, to take out the where the altar is called God's table, and the sacrifice wine for libations. upon it, God's meat: Ye say, The table of the Lord Verse 30. Shew-bread] Disa on lechem panim, is polluted ; and the fruit thereof, even his meat, is literally, bread of faces ; so called, either because they contemptible. And often, in the law, the sacrifice is were placed before the presence or face of God in the called God's ons lechem, i. e., his bread or food. sanctuary, or because they were made square, as the Wherefore it is farther observable, that besides the flesh Jews will have it. It is probable that they were in of the beast offered up in sacrifice, there was a min- the form of cubes or hexaedrons, each side presenting chah, i. e., a meat-offering, or rather bread-offering, the same appearance; and hence the Jews might supmade of flour and oil; and a libamen or drink-offering, pose they were called the bread or loaves of faces : which was always joined with the daily sacrifice, as but the Hebrew text seems to intimate that they were the bread and drink which was to go along with God's called the bread of faces, D'ja panim, because, as the meat. "It was also strictly commanded that there should Lord says, they were set "Dlephanai, before my FACE. be salt in every sacrifice and oblation, because all meat. These loaves or cakes were twelve, representing, as is

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The golden candlestick.


Its branches and knops 31 And thou shalt make a six branches that come out of An. Exod. Isr. 1. candlestick of pure gold; of the candlestick.

beaten work shall the candle- 34 And in the candlestick shall stick be made : his shaft, and his branches, be four bowls, made like unto almonds, with his bowls, his knops, and his flowers, shall be their knops and their flowers. · of the same.

35 And there shall be a knop under two 32 And six branches shall come out of the branches of the same, and a knop under two sides of it; three branches of the candlestick branches of the same, and a knop under two. out of the one side, and three branches of the branches of the same, according to the six candlestick out of the other side :

branches that proceed out of the candlestick 33 Three bowls made, like unto almonds, 36 Their knops and their branches shall be with a knop and flower in one branch; and of the same : all of it shall be one beaten three bowls made like almonds in the other work of pure gold. branch, with a knop and a flower : so in the 37 And thou shalt make the seven lamps

Chap. xxxvii. 17; 1 Kings vii. 49'; Zech. iv. 2; Heb. ix. 2; Rev. i. 12; iv. 5.

generally supposed, the twelve tribes of Israel. They bread and the two silver trumpets, A correct MODEL were in two rows of six each. On the top of each of this arch, taken on the spot, now stands before me; row there was a golden dish with frankincense, which and the spoils of the temple, the candlestick, the golden was burned before the Lord, as a memorial, at the end table, and the two trumpets, are represented on the of the week, when the old loaves were removed and panel on the left hand, in the inside of the arch, in replaced by new ones, the priests taking the former for basso-relievo. The candlestick is not so ornamented their domestic use.

as it appears in many prints ; at the same time it looks It is more difficult to ascertain the use of these, or much better than it does in the engraving of this arch what they represented, than almost any other emblem given by-Montfaucon, Antiq. Expliq., vol. iy., pl. 32. in the whole Jewish economy. Many have conjectured It is likely that on the real arch this candlestick is less their meaning, and I feel no disposition to increase in size than the original, as it scarcely measures three their number by any addition of my own. The note feet in height. See the Diarium Italicum, p. 129. on ver. 23, from Dr. Cudworth, appears to me more To see these sacred articles given up by that God who rational than any thing else I have met with. The ordered them to be made according to a pattern extabernacle was God's house, and in it he had his table, hibited by himself, gracing the triumph of a healhen his bread, his wine, candlestick, &c., to show them that emperor, and at lạst consecrated to an idol, affords he had taken up his dwelling among them. See the melancholy reflections to a pious mind. But these note on ver. 23.

things had accomplished the end for which they were Verse 31. A candlestick of pure gold] This candle instituted, and were now of no farther use.

The glostick or chandelier is generally described as having rious personage typified by all this ancient apparatus, one shaft or slock, with six branches proceeding from had about seventy years before this made his appearit, adorned at equal distances with six flowers like anee. The true light was come, and the Holy Spirit lilies, with as many bowls and knops placed alternately. poured out from on high; and therefore the golden On each of the branches there was a lamp, and one candlestick, by which they were typified, was given up. on the top of the shaft which occupied the centre; thus The ever-during bread had been sent from heaven; and there were seven lamps in all, ver. 37. These seven therefore the golden table, which bore its representalamps were lighted every evening and extinguished tive, the shew-bread, was now no longer needful. The every morning.

joyful sound of the everlasting Gospel was then pubWe are not so certain of the precise form of any in- lished in the world; and therefore the silver trumpets strument or utensil of the tabernacle or temple, as we are that typified this were carried into captivity, and their of this, the golden table, and the two silver trumpets. sound was no more to be heard. Strange providence

Titus, after the overthrow of Jerusalem, A. D. 70, but unutterable mercy of God! The Jews lost both had the golden candlestick and the golden table of the the sign and the thing signified ; and that very people, shew-bread, the silver trumpets, and the book of the who destroyed the holy city, carried away the spoils law, taken out of the temple and carried in triumph of the temple, and dedicated them to the objects of to Rome ; and Vespasian lodged them in the temple their idolatry, were the first in the universe to receive which he had consecrated to the goddess of Peace. the preaching of the Gospel, the light of salvation, Some plants also of the balm of Jericho are said to and the bread of life! There is a sort of coincidence have been carried in the procession. At the foot of or association here, which is worthy of the most serious Mount Palatine there are the ruins of an arch, on which observation. The Jews had these significant emblems the triumph of Titus for his conquest of the Jews is to lead them to, and prepare them for, the things signirepresented, and on which the several monuments which fied. They trusted in the former, and rejected the were carried in the procession are sculptured, and par- latter! God therefore deprived them of both, and gave ticularly the golden tandlestick, the table of the shew- up their temple to the spoilers, their land to desolation,



Weight of the candlestick,


with its utensils. A. M. 2513. thereof: and they shall a light| 39 Of a talent of pure gold shall A. M. 2513. B. C. 1491.

B. C. 1491. An. Exod. Isr. 1. the lamps thereof, that they may he make it, with all these vessels. An Exod. Ist. 1.

• give light over against it. 40 And look that thou make 38 And the tongs thereof, and the snuff-them after their pattern, h which was showed dishes thereof, shall be of pure gold.

thee in the mount. < Chap. xxvii. 21; xxx. 8; Lev. xxiv. 3, 4; 2 Chron. xii. 11. & Chap. xxvi. 30; Num. viii. 4; 1 Chron. xxviii. 11, 19; Acts d Or, cause to ascend. Num. viii. 2. -Heb. the face of it. vii. 44 ; Heb. viii. 5. ch Heb. which thou wast caused to see. and themselves to captivity and to the sword. The Verse 40. And look that thou makes frc.] This heathens then carried away the emblems of their sal- verse should be understood as an order to Moses after valion, and God shortly gave unto those heathens that the tabernacle, &c., had been described to him; as if very salvation of which these things were the emblems ! he had said: “When thou comest to make all the Thus, because of their unbelief and rebellion, the king things that I have already described to thee, with the dom of heaven, according to the prediction of our blessed other matters of which I shall afterwards treat, see Lord, was taken from the Jews, and giv to a na- that thou make every thing according to the pattern tion (the Gentiles) that brought forth the fruits thereof; which thou didst see in the mount.” The Septuagint Matt. xxi. 43. Behold the 600DNEss and SEVERITY have it, κατα τον τυπον τον δεδειγμενον σου αccording of God!

to the Type-form or fashion, which was shown thee. Verse 39. Of a talent of pure gold shall he make It appears to me that St. Paul had this command parit, with all these vessels.] That is, a talent of gold in ticularly in view when he gave that to his son Timoweight was used in making the candlestick, and the thy which we find in the second epistle, chap. 1. 13: different vessels and instruments which belonged to it. Υποτυπωσιν είχε υγιαινοντων λογων, ών παρ' εμου ηκουAccording to Bishop Cumberland, a talent was three oas. Hold fast the FORM of sound words which thousand shekels. As the Israelites brought each thou hast heard of me.". The tabernacle was a type half a shekel, chap. xxxviii. 26, so that one hundred of the Church of God; that Church is built upon the talents, one thousand seven hundred and seventy-five foundation of the prophets and apostles, Jesus Christ shekels, were contributed by six hundred and three being the chief corner-stone, Eph. ii. 20–22: the docthousand five hundred and fifty persons ; by halving trines, therefore, delivered by the prophets, Jesus the number of the Israelites, he finds they contributed Christ, and his apostles, are essential to the constitu'three hundred and one thousand seven hundred and tion of this Church. As God, therefore, gave the seventy-five shekels in all. Now, as we find that this plan or form according to which the tabernacle must number of shekels made one hundred talents, and one be constructed, so he gives the doctrines according to thousand seven hundred and seventy-five shekels over, which the Christian Church is to be modelled; and if we subtract one thousand seven hundred and seventy- apostles, and subordinate builders, are to have and five, the odd shekels, from three hundred and one hold fast that form of sound words, and construct this thousand seven hundred and seventy-five, we shall hea nly building according to that form or pattern have for a remainder three hundred thousand, the which has come through the express revelation of God. number of shekels in one hundred talents : and if this remainder be divided by one hundred, the number of In different parts of this work we have had occatalents, it quotes three thousand, the number of shekels sion to remark that the heathens borrowed their best in each talent. A silver shekel of the sanctuary, being things from Divine revelation, both as it refers to what equal, according to Dr. Prideaux, to three shillings was pure in their doctrines, and significant in their English, three thousand such shekels will amount to religious rites. Indeed, they seem in many cases to four hundred and fifty pounds sterling; and, reckon- have studied the closest imitation possible, consistent ing gold to silver as fifteen to one, a talent of gold with the adaptation of all to their preposterous and will amount to six thousand seven hundred and fifly idolatrous worship. They had their lao or Jove, ir pounds sterling: to which add two hundred and sixty- imitation of the true JEHOVAH; and from different three pounds for the one thousand seven hundred and attributes of the Divine Nature they formed an innuseventy-five shekels, at three shillings each, and it merable group of gods and goddesses. They had also makes a total of seven thousand and thirteen pounds, their temples in imitation of the temple of God; and which immense sum was expended on the candlestick in these they had their holy and more holy places, in and its furniture. It is no wonder, then, (if the can- imitation of the courts of the Lord's house. The dlestick in the second temple was equal in value to heathen temples consisted of several parts or divisions : that in the ancient tabernacle,) that Titus should think 1. The area or porch ; 2. The vaos or temple, similar it of sufficient consequence to be one of the articles, to the nave of our churches ; 3. The adytum or holy with the golden table, and silver trumpets, that should place, called also penetrale and sacrarium; and, 4. The be employed to grace his triumph. Their intrinsic OT LOOodquos or the inner temple, the most secret recess, worth was a matter of no consequence to Him whose where they had their mysteria, and which answered are the silver and gold, the earth and its fulness ; they to the holy of holies in the tabernacle. And as there had accomplished their design, and were of no farther is no evidence whatever that there was any temple use, either in the kingdom of providence, or the king- among the heathens prior to the tabernacle, it is rea

See the note on ver. 31, and see that sonable to conclude that it served as a model for all that on chap. xxxviii. 24.

they afterwards built. They had even their portable

dom of grace.

The heathens borrowed many


sacred rites from the Hebrews.

temples, to imitate the tabernacle; and the shrines remarkable that, among the Mexicans, Vitzliputzli, for Diana, mentioned Acts xix. 24, were of this kind. their supreme god, was represented under a human They had even their arks or sacred coffers, where shape, sitting on a throne, supported by an azure globe they kept their most holy things, and the mysterious which they called heaven; four poles or sticks came emblems of their religion; together with candlesticks out from two sides of this globe, at the end of which or lamps, to illuminate their temples, which had few serpents' heads were carved, the whole making a litter windows, to imitate the golden candlestick in the Mo- which the priests carried on their shoulders whenever saie tabernacle. They had even their processions, the idol was shown in public. Religious Ceremonies, in imitation of the carrying about of the ark in the vol. iij., p. 146. wilderness ; accompanied by, such ceremonies as suf- Calmet remarks that the ancients used to dedicate ficiently show, to an unprejudiced mind, that they bor- candlesticks in the temples of their gods, bearing a rowed them from this sacred original. Dr. Dodd has great number of lamps.. a good note on this subject; which I shall take the Pliny, Hist. Nat., lib. xxxiv, c. 3, mentions one liberty' to extraet.

made in the form of a tree, with lamps in the likeness Speaking of the-ark, he says,“ We meet with imi- of apples, which Alexander the Great consecrated in tations of this Divinely instituted emblem among seve- the temple of Apollo. ral heathen nations, Thus Tacitus, De Moribus Ger- And Athenæus, lib. xv., c. 19, 20, mentions one manorum, cap. 40, informs us that the inhabitants of that supported three hundred and sixty-five lamps, the north of Germany, our Saxon ancestors, in general which Dionysius the younger, king of Syracuse, dediworshipped Herthum or Hertham, i. e. the mother cated in the Prytaneum at Athens. As the Egyptians, earth: Hertham beiog plainly derived from px arets, aecording to the testimony of Clemens Alexandrinus, earth, and ox an, mother: and they believed her to Strom., lib. i., were the first who used lamps in their interpose in the affairs of men, and to visit nations : temples, they probably borrowed the use from the that to her, in a sacred grove in a certain island of golden candlestick in the tabernacle and femple. the ocean, a vehicle covered with a vestment was con- From the solemni and very particular charge, Look secrated, and allowed to be touched by the priests only, that thou make them after their pattern, which was (compare 2 Sam. vi. 6, 7'; 1 Chron. xii. 9, 10,) who showed thee in the mount, it appears plainly that God perceived when the goddess entered into her secret showed Moses à model of the tabernacle and all its place, penetrale, and with profound veneration attended furniture; and to receive instructions relative to this her vehicle, which was drawn by.cores ; see 1 Sam. ví. was one part of his employment while on the mount 7-10. While the goddess was on her progress, days forty days with God. As God designed that ihis buildof rejoicing were kept in every place which she vouch- ing, and all that belonged to it, should be patterns or safed to visit ; they engaged in no war, they handled. representations of good things to come, it was indisno weapons.; peace and quietness were then only pensably' necessary that Moses should receive a model known; only relished, till the same priest reconducted and specification of the whole, according te which he the goddess to her temple. Then the vehicle and rest might direct the different artificers in their constructment, and, if you can believe it, the goddess herself, ing the work. 1. We may observe that the whole were washed in a sacred lake.”

tabernacle and its furniture resembled a dwelling-house Apuleius, De Aur. Asin., lib. ii., describing a solemn. and its furniture. 2. That this tabernacle was the idolatrous procession, after the Egyptian mode, "says, house of God, not merely for the, performance of his "A chest, or ark, was carried by another, containing worship, but for his residencé. 3. That God had protheir seoret things, entirely concealing the mysteries mised to dwell among this people, and this was the of religion."

habitation which he appointed for his glory. 4. That And Plutarch, in his treatise - De Iside, &c., de- the tabernacle, as well as the templé, was a type of the scribing the rites of Osiris, says, “ On the tenth day incarnation of Jesus Christ. See John i. 14, and ii. of the month, at night, they go down to the sea ; and 19, 21. 5. That as the glory of God was manifested the stolists, together with the priest, carry forth the between the cherubim, above the mercy-seat, in this sacred chest, in which is a small boat or yessel of gold." tabernacle, so God was in Christ, and in him dwelt

Pausanius likewise testifies, lib. viii; c. 19, that all the fulness of the Godhead bodily. 6. As in the the ancient Trojans had a sacred ark, wherein was the tabernacle were found bread, ligbt, &c., probably all image of Bacchus, made by Vulcan, which had been these were emblematical of the ample provision made given to Dardanus by Jupiter. As the ark was depo- in Christ for the direction, support, and salvation of sited in the holy of holies, so the heathens had in the the soul of man. Of these, and many other things in inmost part of their temples an adytum or penetrale, 'the law and the prophets, we shall know more when to which none had access but the priests. And it is mortality is swallowed up of life. VOL. I. (. 29.)


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