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The Lord promises to dwell
among the chuldren of Israel. A. M. 2513. of Israel, and the tabernacle 45 And I will dwell among
Ā. M. 2513 B. C. 1491.
B. C. 1491. An. Exod. Isr. 1. & shall be sanctified by my the children of Israel, and will An. Exod. Istr. 1. cir. Thammuz. glory.
be their God. 44 And I will sanctify the tabernacle of the 46 And they shall know that, I am the Lord congregation, and the altar: I will b. sanctify their God, that brought them forth out of the also both Aaron and his sons, to minister to land of Egypt, that I may dwell among them: me in the priest's office,
I am the LORD their God. "Or, Israel. - Chap. xl. 34 : 1 Kings viii. 11; 2 Chron. v. Lev. xxi. 15; xxii. 9. 16.--Exod. xxv. 8; Lev. xxvi. 12; Zech 14; vii. 1, 2, 3; Ezek. xlii. 5; Hag. it. 7, 9; Mal. ii. I, ii. 10; John xiy. 17, 23; 2 Cor. vi, 16; Rev. xxi. 3.- * Chap. xx.2
Verse 44. I will sanctify—both Aaron and his sons] preaching, and the riches of the glory of the mystery So we find the sanotification by Moses according to of the Gospel among the Gentiles, viz., Christ in you the Divine institution was only symbolical ; and that the hope of glory; whom, says he, we preach, warning Aaron and his sons must be sanctified, i. e., made every man, and teaching every man in all wisdom ; holy, by God himself before they could officiate in that we may present every man perfect in Christ Jesus ; holy things. From this, as well as from many other Col. i. 27, 28. things mentioned in the sacred writings, we may sasely Verse 46. And they shall know that I am the Lord' nfer that no designation by man only is sufficient to their God] That is, They shall acknowledge God, and qualify any person to fill the office of a minister of the their infinite obligations to him. In a multitude of sanctuary. The approbation and consecration of man places in Scripture the word know should be thus have both their propriety and use, but must never be understood. made substitutes for the unction and inspiration of the . That I may dwell among them] For without this Almighty. Let holy men ordain, but let God sanctify; acknowledgment and consequent dependence on and then we may expect that his Church shall be built up gratitude and obedience to God, they could not expect on its most holy faith.
him to dwell among thein. Verse 45. I will dwell among the children of Israel] This is the great charter of the people of God, both By dwelling among the people God shows that he under the Old and New Testaments ; see ehap. xxv. would be a continual resident in their houses and in
Lev. xxvi. 11, 12; 2 Cor. vi; 16; Rev. xxi, 3. their hearts; that he would be their God—the sole God dwells among them: he is ever to be found in his object of their religious worship, to whom they should Church to enlighten, quicken, comfort, and support it ; turn and on whom they should trust in all difficulties to dispense the light of life by the preaching of his and distresses; and that he would be to them all that word, and the influences of his Spirit for the con- the Creator could be to his creatures. That in conviction and conversion of sinners. And he dwells in sequence they should have a full conviction of his those who believe ; and this is the very tenor of the presence and blessing, and a consciousness that he New Covenant which God promised to make with the was their God, and that they were his people. Thus house of Israel ; see Jer, xxxi. 31-34; Ezek. xxxvii. then God dwells among men that they may know him; 24-28; Heb. viii. 7-12 ; and 2 Cor, vi. 16, And and they must know him that he may continue to because God had promised to dwell in all his genuine dwell among them. He who does not experimentally followers, hence the frequent reference to this cove- know God, cannot have him as an indwelling Saviour; nant and its privileges in the New Testament. And and he who does not continue to know—to acknowhence it is 89 frequently and strongly asserted that ledge, love, and obey him, cannot retain him as his every believer is a habitation of God through the Preserver and Sanctifier. From the beginning of the Spirit, Eph. ii. 22. That the Spirit of God witnesses world, the salvation of the souls of men necessarily witḥ their spirits that they are the children of God, implied the indwelling influences of God. Reader, Rom. viii, 16. That the Spirit of Christ in their hast thou this salvation ? This alone will support thee hearts enables them to call God 'their Father, Gal. in all thy travels in this wilderness, comfort thee in iv. 6. And that if any man have not this Spirit, he death, and give thee boldness in the day of judgment. is none of his, Rom. vii. 9, &c. And hence St. Paul - He,” says an old writer, “who has pardon may look states this to be the sum and substance of apostolịcall his judge in the face.”
The altar of burnt ineense, 1. Dimensions, 2. Golden crown, 3. Rings and staves, 4, 5, Where placed,
6, 7. Use, 8-10. The ransom price of half a shekel, 11-13. Who were to pay it, 14, The rich and the
poor to pay alike, 15. The use to which it was applied, 16. The brazen laver, and its use, 17-21. The holy anointing oil, and its component parts, 22-25. To be applied to the tabernacle, ark, golden table, candlestick, altar of burnl-offerings, and the laver, 26-29. And to Aaron and his sons, 30. Never to be applied to any other uses, and none like it ever to be made, 31-33. The perfume, and how made, 34, 35. Ils use, 36. Nothing similar to it ever to be made, 37, 38,
the altar of burnt incense. A. M. 2513. ND thou shalt make * an altar the lamps, he shall burn incense A. M. 2513. B. C. 1491.
B. C. 1491. An. Erod. Isr. I. b to burn incense upon; of upon it.
An. Exod. Isr. 1. cir. Thammuz.
cir. Thammu. shittim wood shalt thou make it. 8 And, when Aaron k lighteth 2 A cubit shall be the length thereof, and the lamps mat even, he shall burn incense a cubit the breadth thereof; four-square shall upon it, a perpetual incense before the LORD it be: and two cubits shall be the height there throughout your generations. of: the horns thereof shall be of the same. 9 Ye shåll offer no
strange incense there3 And thou shalt overlay it with pure gold, on, nor burnt-sacrifice, nor meat-offering; neithe e top thereof, and the d sides thereof round ther shall ye pour drink-offering thereon. about, and the horns thereof; and thou shalt 10 And • Aaron .shall make an atonement make unto it a crown of gold round about. upon the horns of it once in a year, with the
4 And two golden rings shalt thou make to blood of the sin-offering of atonements : once it under the crown of it, by the two e corners in the year shall he make atonement upon it thereof; upon the two sides of it shalt thou throughout your generations : it is most holy make it; and they shall be for places for the unto the LORD. staves to bear it withal..
11 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 5 And thou shalt make the staves of shittim 12 - When thou takest the sum of the chil. wood, and overlay them with gold.
dren of Israel after. 9 their number, then shall 6 And thou shalt put it before the veil that is they give every man 'a ransom for his soul by the ark of the testimony, before the f mercy- unto the LORD, when thou numberest them; seat that is over the testimony, where I will that there be no plague among them when meet with thee.
thou numberést them. 7 And Aaron shall burn thereon & sweet 13 "This they shall give, every one that incense every morning: when i he dresseth passeth among them that are numbered, half
a Chap. xxxvii. 25; xl. 5. - See ver. 7, 8, 10; Lev. iv. 7, Lev. *. 1.- Lex. xvi. 18; xxiii. 27. -P Chap. xxxviii. 18; Rev. viii. 3. - Heb.roof.
-e Heb. ribs. 25; Num. j. 2, 5; xxvi. 2; 2 Sam. xxiv. 2.- - Heb. them that Chap. xxv. 21, 22.-~ Heb. incense of spices. h Verse 34 ; are to be numbered; see Numbers xxxi. 50. - Job xxxiii. 24; 1 Sam. ii. 28; 1 Chron. xxiii. 13; Luke 1. 9. - Chap. xxvii. xxxvi. 18; Psa. xlix. 7; Matt. xx. 28; Mark X. 45 ; 1 Timothy
Or, setteth up. Heb. causeth to ascend. In Heb. ii. 6; 1 Peter i. 18, 19.- - 2 Samuel xxiv. 15.- - Matthew between the two evens , chap. xii. 6.
xvii. 24. NOTES ON CHAP. XXX.
wanting in twenty-six of Kennicott's and De Rossi's Verse 1. Altar to burn incense The Samaritan MSS., and in the Samaritan. The verse reads better omits the ten first verses of this chapter, because it without them, and is more consistent with the rest of inserts them after the 32d verse of chap. xxvi. See the account. the note there.
* Verse 7. When he dresseth the lamps] Prepares the Shittim wood] The same of which the preceding wicks, and puts in fresh oil for the evening. articles were made, because it was abundant in those Shall burn incense upon it.] Where so many sacriparts, and because it was very durable ; hence every- fices were offered it was essentially necessary to have where the Septuagint translation, which was made in some pleasing perfume. to counteract the disagreeable Egypt, renders the original by Evkov controv, incor-smells that must have arisen from the slaughter of so ruptible wood.
many animals, the sprinkling of so much blood, and Verse 2. Four-square] That is, on the upper or the burning of so much flesh, &c. The perfume that under surface, as it showed four equat sides ; bat it was was to be burnt on this altar is described ver. 34. No twice as high as it was broad, being twenty-one inches blood was ever sprinkled on this altar, except on the broad, and three feet sir inehes high. It was called, day of general expiation, which happened only onee in not only the altar of incense, but also the golden altar, the year, ver. 10. But the perfume was necessary in Num. iv..11. For the crown, horns, staves, &c., see every part of the tabernacle and its environs. on the altar of burnt-offering, chap. xxvi.
Verse 9. No strange incense] None made in any Verse 6. Before the merèy-seat that is over the tes- other way. timony] These words in the original are supposed to Nor burnt-sacrifice] It should be an altar for inbe a repetition, by mistake, of the preceding clause ; cense, and for no other use. the word nanan happarocheth, the veil, being corrupted Verse 10. An atonement-once in a year] On the by interchanging two letters into 7900n haccapporeth, tenth day of the seventh month. See Lev. xvi. 18, the mercy-seat ; and this, as Dr. Kennicott observes, &e., and the notes there. places the altar of incense before the mercy-seal, and Verse 12. Then shall they give every man a ransom consequently in the holy of holies!. Now this could for his soul] This was a very important ordinance, not be, as the altar of incense was attended every day, and should be seriously considered. See the followand the holy of holies entered only once in the year. ing verse. The five words which appear to be a repetition are Verse 13. Half e shekel] Each of the Israelites
Ld Heb. walls.
A. M. 2513.
The brazen laver,
where placed, and its use. a shekel after the shekel of the 17 And the LORD spake unto
A. M. 2513.
B. C. 1491. An: Exod. Isr. 1. sanctuary : ("a shekel is twenty Moses, saying,
An. Exod. Isr. 1. cir. Thammuz.
cir. Thammuz. gerahs :) a half shekel shall be 18. • Thou shalt also make a the offering of the Lord.
laver of brass, and his foot also of brass, to 14 Every one that passeth among them that wash withal : and thou shalt d put it between are numbered, from twenty years old and the tabernacle of the congregation and the altar above, shall give an offering unto the LORD. and thou shall put water therein. 15 The wrich shall not give more, and 19 For Aaron and his sons e shall wash their
shall not y give less than half a she- hands and their feet thereat : kel, when they give an offering unto the LORD, 20 When they go into the tabernacle of the to make an atonement for your souls. congregation, they shall wash with water, that
16 And thou shalt take the atonement mo- they die not; or when they come near to the ney of the children of Israel, and · shalt ap- altar to minister, to burn offering made by fire point it for the service of the tabernacle of the unto the LORD: . congregation; that it may be ba memorial 21 So they shall wash their hands and their unto the children of Israel before the Lord, to feet, that they die not: and it shall be a make an atonement for souls.
statute for ever to them, even to him and to
u Lev. xxvii. 25; Num. iii. 47; Ezekiel xlv. 12.- Chapter a Chap. xxxviii. 25. b Num. xvi. 40. -e Chap. xxxvi. 8; *xxviii. 26. — Job xxxiv. 19; Prov. xxii 2; Eph. vi. 9; Col. 1 Kings vii. 38. d Chap. xl. 7, 30.- Chap. xl. 31, 32: Psa. ii. 25.-_* Heb. multiply.- - Heb. diminish. 2 Ver. 12. xxvi. 6; Isa. lii. Il ; John xiii. 10; Heb. x. 22. Ch. xxvii. 43.
was ordered to give as a ransom for his soul (i. e., for things seem to refer to Christ alone, and to the atonehis life) half a shekel, according to the shekel of the ment made by his blood; and upon him who is not insanctuary. From this we may learr, 1. That the life of terested in this atonement, God's plagues must be exevery man was considered as being forfeited to Divine pected to fall. Reader, acquaint now thyself with justice. 2. That the redemption money given, which God and be at peace, and thereby good shall come unto was doubtless used in the service of the sanctuary, was thee. ultimately devoted to the use and profit of those who Verse 18. A laver of brass] 71 kiyor sometimes
3. That the standard by which the value of signifies a caldron, 1 Sam. ii. 14; but it seems to sig. coin was ascertained, was kept in the sanctuary ; for nify any large round vessel or basin used for washing this appears to be the meaning of the words, after the the hands and feet. There were doubtless cocks or shekel of the sanctuary. 4. The shekel is here said spigots in it to draw off the water, as it is not likely to be twenty gerals. A gerah, according to Mai- the feet were put into it in order to be washed. The monides, weighed sixteen barleycorns, a shekel three foot of the laver must mean the pedestal on which it hundred and twenty of pure silver. The shekel is, stood. generally considered to be equal in value to three shil. Verse 20. They shall wash with water, that they die lings English ; the redemption money, therefore, must not] This was certainly an emblematical washing ; be about one shilling and sixpence. 5. The rich were and as the hands and the feel are particularly mentionnot to give more, the poor not to give less ; to signify ed, it must refer to the purity of their whole conduct. that all souls were equally precious in the sight of God, Their hands--all their works, their feet all their góand that no difference of oulwaril circumstances could ings, must be washed-must be holiness unto the Lord. affect the state of the soul; all had sinned, and all And this washing must be repeated every time they must be redeemed by the same price. 6. This atone- entered into the tabernacle, or when they came near to ment must be made that there might be no plague among the allar to minister. This washing was needful bethem, intimating that a plague or carse from God must cause the priests all ministered barefoot; but it was light on those souls for whom the atonement was not equally so because of the guilt they might have conmade. 7. This was to be a memorial unto the chil-tracted, for the washing was emblematical of the putdren of Israel, ver. 16, to bring to their remembrance ting away of sin, or what St. Paul calls the laver of their past deliverance, and to keep in view their fulure regeneration and the renewing of the Holy Ghost, redemption. 8. St. Peter seems to allude to this, and (Tit. iii. 5,) as the influences of the Spirit must be to intimate that this mode of atonement was ineflectual repeated for the purification of the soul, as frequently in itself, and only pointed out the great sacrifice which, as any moral defilement has been contracted. in the fulness of time, should be made for the sin of Verse 21. And it shall be a statute for ever] To the world. “Ye know," says he," that ye were not continue, in its literal meaning, as long as the Jewish redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, economy lasted, and, in its spiritaal meaning, to the from your vain conversation received by tradition from end of time, What an important lesson does this teach your fathers; but with the precious blood of Christ, as the ministers of the Gospel of Christ! Each time of a lamb without blemish and without spot : who verily they minister in public, whether in dispensing the WORD was foreordained before the foundation of the world," or the sacrAMENTS, they should take heed that they &c,; 1 Pet. 1. 18, 19, 20. 9. Therefore all these I have a fresh application of the grace and spirit of
The holy anointing oil,
and for what used. A. M. 2513. his 'seed throughout their gene- 28 And the altar of burnt- A. M. 2513. B. C. 1491.
B. C. 1491. An. Exod. Isr. I. rations.
offering with all his vessels, and An Exod. Isr. 1. cir. Thammuz.
cir. Thammuz. 22 Moreover the LORD spake the laver and his foot. unto Moses, saying,
29 And thou shalt sanctify them, that they 23 Take thou also unto thee 5 principal may be most holy: P whatsoever toucheth them spices, of pure myrrh five hundred shekels, shall be holy. and of sweet cinnamon half so much, even 30 4 And thou shalt anoint Aaron and his two hundred and fifty shekels, and of sweet sons, and consecrate them, that they may mii calamus two hundred and fifty shekels. nister unto me in the priest's office.
24 And of cassia five hundred shekels, 31 And thou shalt speak unto the children after the shekel of the sanctuary, and of oil of Israel, saying, This shall be a holy anointolive a 'hin.
ing oil unto me throughout your generations. 25 And thou shalt make it an oil of holy 32 Upon man's flesh shall it not be poured, ointment, an ointment compound after the neither shall ye make any other like it, after art of them apothecary: it shall be " a holy the composition of it: it is holy, and it shall anointing oil.
be holy unto you. 26 • And thou shalt anoint the tabernacle 33 Whosoever compoundeth any like it, or of the congregation therewith, and the ark whosoever putteth any of it upon a stranger, of the testimony,
• shall even be cut off from his people. 27 And the table and all his vessels, and 34 And the LORD said unto Moses, u Take the candlestick and his vessels, and the altar unto thee sweet spices, stacte, and onycha, and of incense,
galbanum ; these sweet spices with pure frank& Cant. iv. 14; Ezek. xxvii. 22. Lh Psa. xlv.8: Prov, vii. 17. • Chap. xl. 9; Lev. viii. 10; Num. vii. 1. -p Chapter xxix. i Cant. iv. 14; Jer. vi. 20.- Psa. xlv. 8. - Chap. xxix. 40. 37.-9 Chap. xxix. 7, &c.; Lev. viii. 12, 30.Ver. 25, 37. n Or, perfumer. n Chap. xxxvi. 29; Num. xxxv. 25; Psalm - Ver. 38. - C Gen. xvii. 14; chapter xii. 15; Lev. vii. 20, 21. lxxxix. 20 ; cxxxiii. 2.
u Chap. xxv. 6; xxxvii. 29.
Christ, to do away past transgressions or unfaithfulness,
lbs. oz. dwts. grs. and to enable them to minister with the greater effect, 500 shekels of the first and last, make 48 4: 12 2131 as being in the Divine favour, and consequently enti- 250 of the cinnanon and calamus . 24 2 tled to expect all the necessary assistances of the Di. Olive oil is supposed to be the best preservative of vine unction, to make their ministrations spirit and life odoürs. As the gifts and graces of the Holy Spirit to the people. See on chap. xxix. 20.
are termed the anointing of the Holy Ghost, therefore Verse 23. Take unto thee principal spices] From this holy ointment appears to have been designed as this and the following verse we learn that the holy emblematical of those gifts and graces. See Acts i. anointing oil was compounded of the following ingre- 5; x. 38; 2 Cor. i. 21; 1 John i. 20, 27.dients :
Verse 25. After the art of the apothecary] The
the produce of an fectioner ;' any person who compounds drugs, aroma-
known, and is col- Verse 30. Thou shalt anoint Aaron and his sons] Pure myrh, 1177 ho mar lected by making an For the reason of this anointing, see the note on chap. deror
incision in the tree. xxix. 7. It scems that this anointing oil was an em-
that of the ancients. allusion to it by St. John : “ Ye have an unction from
the Holy One, and ye know all things. The anointkinnemon besem,(proba- $250 shekels.
ing which ye have received from him abideth in you, bly from Arabia) ·
and ye need not that any man teach you; but as the
same anointing teacheth you of all things, and is truth, keneh bosem, or sweet
and is no lie, and even as it hath taught you, ye shall 250 shekels. cane, Jer. vi. 20.-Ca
abide in him; 1 John ii. 20, 27. lamus aromaticus .
Verse 34. Take unto thee sweet spices] The holy Cassia, 177p kiddah, (cas
perfume was compounded of the following ingredients : sia lignea,) brought also 500 shekels.
Stacte).903 nataph, supposed to be the same with from Arabia.
what was afterwards called the balm of Jericho. ,
Stacte is the gum which spontaneously flows from the zayıth, one hin, about 5 quarts.
tree which produces myrrh. See the note on ver. 23,
קנמן בשם ,Sweet cinnamon
קנה בשם ,Sweet calamus
? shemen שמן זית ,Olive oil
A. M. 2513.
Bezaleel appointed for
the work of the tabernacle incense : of each shall there be with thee :-Y it shall be unto you A. M. 2513.
B C. 1491. An. Exod. Isr. 1. a like weight :
An. Exod Isrl. cir. Thammuz.
cir. Thanımuz. 35 And thou shalt make it 37 And as for the perfume a perfume, a confection after the art of which thou shalt make, ' ye shall not make to the apothecary, w tempered together, pure yourselves according to the composition there and holy :
of : it shall be unto thee holy for the LORD. 36 And thou shalt beat some of it very small, - 38 Whosoever shall make like unto that, and put of it before the testimony in the taber- to-smell thereto, shall even be cut off from nacle of the congregation, where I will meet his people. "Ver. 25. -w Heb. salted; Lev. ii. 13. * Chapter xxix. y Verse 32 ; chapter xxix. 37 ; Lev. ii. 3. — Verse 32. 42; Lev. xvi. 2.
a Ver. 33. Onycha] bobnu shecheleth, allowed by the best cri- to any common purpose, even to smell to, verse 38, tics to be the unguis odoriferans described by Rumph, should be cut off, that is, excommunicated from his which is the external crust of the shell-fish purpura people, and so lose all right, title, and interest in the or murex, and is the basis of the principal perfumes promises of God and the redemption of Israel. From made in the East Indies.
all this we may learn how careful the Divine Being is Galbanum] nasa chelbenah, the bubon gummife- to preserve his own worship and his own truth, so as rum or African ferula; it rises with a ligneous stalk to prevent them from being adulterated by human infrom eight to ten feet, and is garnished with leaves at ventions ; for he will save men in his own way, and each joint. The top of the stock is terminated by an upon his own terms. What are called human invenumbel of yellow flowers, which are succeeded by ob- tions in matters of religion, are not only of no worth, long channelled seeds, which have a thin membrane but are in general deceptive and ruinous. Arts and or wing on their border. When any part of the plant sciences in a certain way may be called inventions of is broken, there issues out a little thin milk of a cream men, for the spirit of a man knoweth ihe things of a colour.' The gummy resinous juice which proceeds man--can comprehend, plan, and execute, under the from this plant is what is commonly called galbanum, general influence of God, every thing in which human from the chelbenah of the Hebrews.
life is immediately concerned; but religion, as it is the Pure frankincense) app nah lebonah zaccah. gift, so it is the invention, of God : its doctrines and Frankincense is supposed to 'derive its name from frank, its ceremonies proceed from his wisdom and goodness, free, because of its liberal or ready distribution of its for he alone could devise the plan by which the huodours. It is a dry resinous substance, in pieces or man race may be restored to his favour and image, drops of a pale yellowish white colour, has a strong and taught to worship him in spirit and in truth. And smell, and bitter acrid taste. The tree which pro- that worship which himself has prescribed, we may duces it is not well known. Dioscorides mentions. it rest assured, will be most pleasing in his sight. Naas gotten. in India. What is called here pure-frank- dab and Abihu offered strange fire before the Lord ; incense is no doubt the same with the mascula thura and their destruction by the fire of Jehovah is recorded of Virgil, and signifies what is first obtained from the as a lasting warning to all presumptuous worshippers, tree—that which is strongest and most free from all and to all who attempt to model his religion, accordadventitious mixtures. See the note on ver. 7. ing to their own caprice, and to minister in sacred
things without that authority which proceeds from The Israelites were most strictly prohibited, on the himself alone. The imposition of hands whether of most awful penalties, from making any anointing oil pope, cardinal, or bishop, can avail nothing here. The or perfume similar to those described in this chapter. call and unction of God alone can qualify the minister He that should compound such, or apply any of this of the Gospel of Jesus Christ,
CHAPTER XXXI. Bezaleel appointed for the work of the tabernacle, 1-5. Aholiab appointed for the same, 6. The particular
things on which they were to be employed, the ark and mercy-seat, 7. Table, candlestick, and altar of incense, 8. Altar of burnt-offering and the laver, 9. Priest's garments, 10. Anointing oil and sweet incense, 11. God renews the command relative to the sanctification of the Sabbath, 12-17. Delivers to Moses the two tables of stone, 18. A. M, 2513.
ND the LORD spake unto | Bezaleel the son of Uri, the A. M. 2513. B. C. 1491.
B. C. 1491. An. Exod. Isr. I. Moses, saying,
of Hur, of the tribe of An. Exod. Isr. 1. cir. Thammuz.
Chron. ii. 20.
chief superintendent of the whole work. His name Verse 2. I have called by name Bezaleel] That is, is significant, Sabya betsal-el, in or under the shadow I have particularly appointed this person to be the of God, meaning, under the especial protection of the