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B. C. 1491.
Precepts against idolatry.
Other precepts to be observed. A. M. 2513.
sin, and take us for p thine thy sons, and their daughters i go A. M. 2513. B. C. 1491. An. Exod. Isr. 1. inheritance.
a whoring after their gods, and An. Exod. Isr. 1.
Ab. 10 And he said, Behold, I make thy sons go a whoring after make a covenant : before all thy people I will their gods.
do marvels, such as have not been done in 17 Thou shalt make thee no molten gods. all the earth, nor in any nation : and all the 18 The feast of unleavened bread shalt people among which thou art shall see the thou keep. Seven days thou shalt eat unwork of the LORD; for it is sa terrible thing leavened bread, as I commanded thee, in the that I will do with thee.
time of the month Abib: for in the month 11 Observe thou that which I command Abib thou camest out from Egypt. thee this day ; behold, "I drive out before 19 All that openeth the matrix is mine; thee the Amorite, and the Canaanite, and the and every firstling among thy cattle, whether Hittite, and the Perizzite, and the Hivite, and ox or sheep, that is male. the Jebusite.
20 But the firstling of an ass thou shalt 12 Take heed to thyself, lest thou make redeem with a Plamb: and if thou redeem a covenant with the inhabitants of the land him not, then shalt thou break his neck. All whither thou goest, lest it be for wa snare in the first-born of thy sons thou shalt redeem. the midst of thee :
And none shall
empty. 13 But ye shall + destroy their altars, break 21 Six days thou shalt work, but on the their images, and ? cut down their groves': seventh day thou shalt rest : in earing time
14 For thou shalt worship * no other god : and in harvest thou shalt rest. for the LORD, whose name is Jealous, is å 22 And thou shalt observe the feast of jealous God:
weeks, of the first-fruits of wheat harvest, and 15 - Lest thou make a covenant with the the feast of ingathering at the year's end.. inhabitants of the land, and they go a whoring 23 u Thrice in the year
shall all your menafter their gods, and do sacrifice unto - their children appear before the LORD God, the gods, and one call thee, and thou 8 eat of his God of Israel. sacrifice;
24 For I will cast out the nations before 16 And thou take of h their daughters unto thee, and wenlarge thy borders : * neither shall p Deut. xxxii. 9; Psa. xxviii. 9 ; xxxiij. 12 ; lxxviii. 62 ; xciv. * Deut. vii, 3; 1 Kings xi. 2; Ezra ix, 2; Neh. xiij. 25. 14; Jer. x. 16; Zech. ii. 12.- -9 Deut. v. 2; xxix. 12, 14. Num. xxv. 1, 2; 1 Kings xi. 4. * Chap. xxxii, 8; Lev. xix. Deut. iv, 32; 2 Sam. vii. 23; Psa. lxxvii. 14; Ixxviii. 12; 14. - Chap. xii. 15; xxiii. 15. - Chap. xiii. 4.
- Cliap. cxlvii. 20. - Deut. x. 21; Psa. cxlv. 6; Isa. Ixiv. 3.- - Deut, xiii. 2, 12; xxii. 29; Ezek. xliv. 30; Luke ij. 23.
Lo Chap. v. 32; vi. 3, 25; xii. 28, 32; xxviii. 1.- La Chap. xxxiii. 2. xiii. 13; Num. xviii. 15. _P Or, kid. -9 Chap. xxiii. 15, Chap. xxiii. 32 ; Deut. vii. 2; Judg. ii, 2. Chap. xxiii. 33. Deut. xvi. 16; 1 Sam. ix. 7, 8; 2 Sam. xxiv. 24. Chap. xx. * Chap. xxiii. 24; Deut. xii. 3; Judg. ii. 2. -y-Heb. statues, 9; xxiii, 12; XXXV. 2; Deut. v. 12, 13; Luke xiii. 14.-Ch. z Deut. vii. 5; xii. 2 ; Judg. vi. 25; 2 Kings xviii, 4; xxii. 14 ; xxiii. 16; Deut. xvi. 10, 13. Li Heb. revolution of the year. 2 Chron. xxxi. 1 ; xxxiv. 3, 4. Chap. xx. 3, 5. b So Isa. Chap. xxiii. 14, 17; Deuf. xvi. 16. Chap. xxxiii. 2; Lev. ix. 6; lvii. 15, Chap. xx. 5.
d Ver. 12. -e Deut. xxxi. xviii. 24; Deut. vii. 1 ; Psa, lxxvii. 55; lxxx. 8.- * Deut. xii. 16; Judg. ii. 17; Jer. iii. 9; Ezek. vi. 9.- Num, xxv. 2; 20; xix. 8. -* See Gen. xxxv. 5; 2 Chron, xvii. 10; Prov. 1 Cor. x. 27.—Psa. cvi. 28; 1 Cor. viii. 4, 7, 10.
xvi. 7 ; Acts xviii. 10. Verse 10. I will do marvels] This seems to refer that day-in endeavouring to save the fruits of the field, to what God did in putting them in possession of the and think that the goodness of the day beyond the land of Canaan, causing the walls of Jericho to fall preceding, is an indication from Providence that it down; making the sun and moon to stand still, &c. should be thus employed. But is not the above comAnd thus God made his covenant with them; binding. mand pointed directly against this?. I have known himself to put them in possession of the promised land, this law often broken on this pretence, and have never and binding them to observe the precepts laid down been able to discover a single instance where the perin the following verses, from the 11th to the 26th sons who acted thus succeeded one whit better than inclusive.
their more conscientious neighbours, who availed them. Verse 13. Ye shall destroy their—images) See the selves of no such favourable circumstances, being subjects of this and all the following verses, to the determined to keep God's law, even to the prejudice 28th, treated at large in the notes on chap. xxiii. of their secular interests; but no man ever yet ulti
Verse 21. In earing time and in harvest thou shalt mately suffered loss by a conscientious attachment to rest.] This commandment is worthy of especial note ; his duty to God. He who is willing and obedient, many break the Sabbath on the pretence of absolute shall eat the good of the land ; but God will ever dis, necessity, because, if in harvest time the weather hap- tinguish those in his providence who respect his compens to be what is called bad, and the Sabbath day be mandments. fair and fine, they judge it perfectly lawful to employ Verse 24. Neither shall any man desire thy land]
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B. C. 1491.
B. C. 1491.
After forty days and nights CHAP. XXXIV. Moses descends from the mount.
any man desire thy land, when the tables the words of the A. M. 2513. B. C. 1491. An. Exod. Isr. 1. thou shalt go up to appear before covenant, the ten command- an. Exod. Isr. 1.
the LORD thy God thrice in ments. the year.
29 And it came to pass, when A. M. 2513. 25 y Thou shalt not offer the blood of my Moses came dawn from Mount An. Exod. Isr. 1. sacrifice with leaven ; ? neither shall the sacri- Sinai with the 8 two tables of tesfice of the feast of the passover be left unto timony in Moses' hand, when he came down the morning.
from the mount, that Moses wist not that h the 26 a The feast of the first-fruits of thy land skin of his face shone while he talked with thou shalt bring unto the house of the Lord him.
b Thou shalt not seethe a kid in 30 And when Aaron and all the children of his mother's milk.
Israel saw Moses, behold, the skin of his face 27 And the Lord said unto Moses, Write shone; and they were afraid to come nigh thou these words :, for after the tenor of him.
31 and with Israel.
and all the rulers of the congregation return28 d And he was there with the Lord forty ed unto him': and Moses talked with them. days and forty nights; he did neither eat
at 32 And afterward all the children of Israel bread, nor drink water. And • he wrote upon came nigh: í and he gave them in command
y Chapter xxiii. 18. Chap. xi. 10.- Chap. xxiii. 19; a Chap. xxiv. 18; Deut. ix. 9, 18.- Ver. 1 ; chap. xxxi. 18; Deut. xxvi. 2, 10. - Chap. xxiii. 19; Deut. xiv. 21. - Ver. xxxii. 16 ; Deut. iv. 13; x. 2, 4. - Heb. words. -8 Ch. xxxii. 10; Deut. iv. 13; xxxi. 9.
15.-h Matt. xvii. 2; 2 Cor. iii. 7, 13. Chap. xxiv. 3. What a manifest proof was this of the power and par- Verse 28. Forly days and forty nights) See the ticular providence of God! How easy would it have note on chap. xxiv. 18. been for the surrounding nations to have taken pos. Verse 29. The skin of his face shone] jp karan, session of the whole Israelitish land, with all their was horned: having been long in familiar intercourse fenced cities, when there were none left to protect them with his Maker, his flesh, as well as his soul, was but women and children! Was not this a standing penetrated with the effulgence of the Divine glory, . proof of the Divine origin of their religion, and a bar- and his looks expressed the light and life which dwelt rier which no deistical mind could possibly surmount? within. Probably Moses appeared now as he did when, Thrice every year did God work an especial miracle in our Lord's transfiguration, he was seen with Elijah for the protection of his people; controlling even the on the mount, Matt. xvii. As the original word op very desires of their enemies, that' they might not so karan signifies to shine out, to dart forth, as horns on mueh as meditate evil against them. They who have the head of an animal, or rays of light reflected from God for their protector have a sure refuge; and how a polished surface, we may suppose that the heavenly true is the proverb, The path of duty is the way of glory which filled the soul of this holy man darted out safety! While these people went up to Jerusalem to from his face in coruscations, in that manner in which keep the Lord's ordinances, he kept their families in light is generally represented. The Vulgate renders peace, and their land in safety.
the passage, et ignorabat quod cornuta esset facies Verse 25. The blood of my sacrifice] That is, the sua, and he did not know that his face was horned ;" paschal lamb. See on chap. xxiii. 18.
which version, misunderstood, has induced painters in Verse 26, Thou shalt not seethe a kid in his mother's general to represent Moses with two very large horns, milk.) See this amply considered chap. xxiii. 19. one proceeding from each temple ! But we might
· Verse 27. Write. thou these words). Either a tran- naturally ask, while they were indulging themselves script of the whole law now delivered, or the words in such fancies, why only two horns ? for it is very included from verse 11 to 26. God certainly wrote likely that there were hundreds of these radiations, prothe ten words on both sets of tables. Moses either ceeding at once from the face of Moses. It was no wrote a transcript of these and the accompanying pre- doubt from this very circumstance that almost all the cepts for the use of the people, or he wrote the precepts nations of the world who have heard of this transacthemselves in addition to the ten commandments which tion, have agreed in representing those men to whom were written by the finger of God. See on ver. 1. they attributed extraordinary sanctity, and whom they Allowing this mode of interpretation, the accompany- supposed to have had familiar intercourse with the ing precepts were, probably, what was written on the Deity, with a lucid nimbus or glory round their heads. back side of the tables by Moses; the len command- This has prevailed both in the east and in the west ; ments, what were written on the front by the finger not only the Greek and Roman saints, or eminent perof Jehovah: for we must pay but little attention to sons, are thus represented, but those also among the the supposition of the rabbins, that the letters on each Mohammedans, Hindoos, and Chinese. table were cut through the stone, so as to be legible Verse 30. They were afraid to come nigh him.) A on each side. See chap. xxxii. 15.
sight of his face alarmed them; their consciences were
B. C. 1491.
Moses puts a veil on his fuce
while speaking to the people. A. M. 2513. ment all that the LORD had spake unto the children of A. M. 2513.
B. C. 1491. An i xod. Isr. 1. spoken with him in Mount Sinai. Israel that which he was com- An. Exod. Isr: 1. 33 And till Moses had done manded.
Elul. speaking with them, he put k a veil on his face. 35 And the children of Israel saw the face
34 But when Moses went in before the of Moses, that the skin of Moses' face shone : Lord to speak with him, he took the veil off and Moses put the veil upon his face again, until he came out. And he came out, and until he went in to speak with him.
still guilty from their late transgression, and they had who is the end of the law for righteousness-justifi- not yet received the atonement. The very appearance cation, to every one that believeth. The former gives of superior sanctity often awes the guilty into respect. a partial view of the Divine nature; the latter shows
Verse 33. And till Moses had done speaking] The God as he is, meaning of the verse appears to be this: As often as " Full orbe in his whole round of rays complete." Moses spoke in public to the people, he put the veil The apostle farther considers the veil on the face on his face, because they could not bear to look on the of Moses, as being emblematical of the metaphorical brightness of his countenance ; but when he entered nature of the different rites and ceremonies of the Mointo the tabernacle to converse with the Lord, he re- saic dispensation, each covering some spiritual meaning moved this veil, ver. 34. St. Paul, 2 Cor. iii. 7, &c., or a spiritual subject; and that the Jews did not lift makes a very important use of the transactions recorded the veil to penetrate the spiritual sense, and did not in this place. He represents the brightness of the look to the end of the commandment, which was to be face of Moses as emblematical of the glory or excel- abolished, but rested in the letter or literal meaning, lence of that dispensation ; but he shows that however which conferred neither light nor life. glorious or excellent that was, it had no glory when He considers the veil also as being, emblematical compared with the superior excellence of the Gospel. of that state of intellectual darkness into which the As Moses was glorious in the eyes of the Israelites, Jewish people, by their rejection of the Gospel, were but that glory was absorbed and lost in the splendour plunged, and from which they have never yet been of God when he entered into the tabernacle, or went recovered. When a Jew, even åt the present day, to meet the Lord upon the mount ; so the brightness reads the law in the synagogue, he puts over his head and excellence of the Mosaic dispensation are eclipsed an oblong woollen veil, with four tassels at the four and absorbed in the transcendent brightness or excel- corners, which is called the taled or thaled. This is a lence of the Gospel of Christ. One was the shadono, very remarkable circumstance, as it appears to be an the other is the substance. One showed sin in its emblem of the intellectual veil referred to by the aposexceeding sinfulness, together with the justice and im- tle, which is still upon their hearts when Moses is read, maculate purity of God; but, in and of itself, made no and which prevents thein from looking to the end of provision · for- pardon or sanctification." The other that which God designed should be abrogated, and exhibits Jesus, the Lamb of God, typified by all the sa- which has been abolished by the introduction of the crifices under the law, putting away sin by the sacrifice Gospel. The veil is upon their hearts, and prevents of himself, reconciling. God to man and man to God, the light of the glory of God from shining into them; diffusing his Spirit through the souls of believers, and but we all, says the apostle, speaking of believers in cleansing the very thoughts of their hearts by his in- Christ, with open face, without any'veil, beholding as spiration, and causing them to perfect holiness in the in a glass the glory of God, are changed into the same fear of God. The one seems to shut heaven against image, from glory to glory, as by the Spirit of the Lord; mankind, because by the law was the knowledge, not ( 2 Cor. iii: 18. Reader, dost thou know this excelthe cure, of sin; the other opens the kingdom of hea- lence of the religion of Christ ? Once thou wert ven to all believers. The former was a ministration darkness; art thou now light in the Lord? Art thou of death, the latter a dispensation of life. The former still under the letter that killeth, or under the Spirit ministered terror, so that even the high priest was that giveth life? Art thou a slave to sin or a servant afraid to approach, the people withdrew and stood afar of Christ? Is the veil on thy heart, or hast thou off, and even Moses, the mediator of it, exeeedingly found redemption in his blood, the remission of sins ? feared and trembled; by the latter we have boldness Knowest thou not these things? Then may God pity, to enter into the holiosi through the blood of Jesus, / enlighten, and save thee!
Moses assembles the congregation to deliver to them the commandments of God, 1. Directions concerning the
Sabbath, 2, 3. Free-will offerings of gold, silver, brass, 6c., for the tabernacle, 4-7. Of oil and spices, 8. Of precious stones, 9. Proper artists to be employed, 10. The tabernacle and its tent, 11. The ark, 19. Table of the shew-bread, 13. Candlestick, 14. Altar of incense, 15. Altar of burnt-offering, 16. Hangings, pins, fc., 17, 18. Clothes of service, and holy vestments, 19. The people cheer
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B. C. 1491.
Different free-will offerings CHAP. XXXV.
brought by the people. fully bring their ornaments as offerings to the Lord, 20–22; together with blue, purple, scarlet, fc., &c., 23, 24. The women spin, and bring the produce of their skill and industry, 25, 26. The rulers bring precious stones, fc., 27, 28. All the people offer willingly, 29. Bezaleel and Aholiab appointed to conduct and superintend all the work of the tabernacle, for which they are qualified by the spirit of wisdom, 30-35. AND Moses gathered all the 11 The tabernacle, his tent,
A. M. 2513. An. Exod. Isr. l. congregation of the children and his covering, his taches, and An. Exod. Isr. 1.
of Israel together, and said unto his boards, his bars, his pillars, them, - These are the words which the LORD and his sockets; hath commanded, that ye should do them. 12 * The ark, and the staves thereof, with
2 Six days shall work be done, but on the the mercy-seat, and the veil of the covering ; seventh day there shall be to you a holy 13 The table, and his staves, and all his day, a Sabbath of rest to the Lord: whoso- vessels, m and the shew-bread ; ever doeth work therein shall be put to death. 14 - The candlestick also for the light, and
3 Ye shall kindle no fire throughout your his furniture, and his lamps, with the oil for habitations upon the Sabbath day.
the light; 4 And Moses spake unto all the congrega
15 ° And the incense altar and his staves, tion of the children of Israel, saying, • This Pand the anointing oil, and a the sweet incense, is the thing which the LORD commanded, and the hanging for the door at the entering saying,
in of the tabernacle ; 5 Take ye from among you an offering unto 16 The altar of burnt-offering, with his the LORD : whosoever is of a willing heart, brazen gafe, his staves, and all his vessels, let him bring it, an offering of the Lord; the laver, and his foot ; gold, and silver, and brass,
17 • The hangings of the court, his pillars, 6 And blue,' and purple, and scarlet, and and their sockets, and the hanging for the fine linen, and goats' hair,
door of the court; 7 And rams' skins dyed red, and badgers'| 18 The pins of the tabernacle, and the pins skins, and shittim wood,
of the court, and their cords ; 8 And oil for the light, and spices for 19 • The clothes of service, to do service in anointing oil, and for the sweet incense, the holy place, the holy garments for Aaron
9 And onyx stones, and stones to be set for the priest, and the garments of his sons, to the ephod, and for the breastplate.
minister in the priest's office. 10 And hevery wise-hearted man among you 20 And all the congregation of the children shall come, and make all that the Lord hath of Israel departed from the presence of commanded ;
a Chap. xxxiv. 32. ob Chap. xx. 9; xxxi. 14, 15; Lev.xxiii. * Chapter xxv. 10, &c.- 1 Chapter xxv. 23. Chap. XXV. 3; Num. xv. 32, &c..; Deut. v. 12; Luke xiii. 14.- -c Heh. 30; Lev. xxiv. 5, 6. Chapter xxv. 31, &c. Chap. xxx. holiness. d Chap. xvi. 23. - Chap. xxv. 1, 2. Chapter 1. -P Chap. xxx. 23. Chap. xxx. 34. - Chap. xxvii. I. XXV. 2. Chapter xxv. 6. - Chap. xxxi. 6. - Chapter Chap. xxvii. 9.- Chap. xxxi. 10; xxxix. 1, 41 ; Numbers iv. xxvi. 1, 2, &c.
5, 6, &c.
NOTES ON CHAP. XXXV,
Verses 5 and 6. See, on these metals and colours, Verse 1. And Moses gathered] The principal sub- chap. xxv. 3, 4, &c. jects in this chapter have been already largely con- Verse 7. Rams' skins, &c.] See chap. xxv. 5. sidered in the notes on chapters XXV., Xxvi., xxvii,, Verse 8. Oil for the light] See chap. xxv. 6. xxviii., xxix., XXX., and xxxi., and to those the reader Verse 9. Onyx stones] See chap. xxv.
7. is particularly desired to refer, together with the paral- Verse 11. The tabernacle] See chap. xxv. 8. lel texts in the margin,
Verse 12. The ark] See chap. xxv. 10-17. Verse 3. Ye shall kindle no fire) The Jews under- Verse 13. The table) See chap. xxv. 23–28. stand this precept as forbidding the kindling of fire only Verse 14. The candlestick] See chap. xxv. 31-39. for the purpose of doing work or dressing victuals ; Verse 15. The incense altar] The golden altar, see but to give them light and heat, they judge it Yawful chap. xxx. 1-10. to light a fire on the Sabbath day, though themselves Verse 16. The allar of burnt-offering] The brazen rarely kindle it—they get Christians to do this work altar, see chap. xxvii. 1-8. for them.
Verse 17. The hangings of the court] See chap. Verse 5. An offering] A terumah or heave-offering; xxvii. 9. see Lev. vii, 1, &c.
Verse 19. The clothes of service) Probably aprons,
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B. C. 1491. An. Exod. Isr. 1.
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The people present
their offerings willingiy. 21. And they came, every one 28 And spice, and oil for the u whose heart stirred him up, and light, and for the anointing oil, An. Exod. Isr. 1.
every one whom his spirit made and for the sweet incense. willing, and they brought the Lord's offering 29 The children of Israel brought a ? willing to the work of the tabernacle of the congre- offering unto the LORD, every man and woman, gation, and for all his service, and for the holy whose heart made them willing to bring for garments.
all manner of work, which the Loed had com22 And they came, both men and women, manded to be made by the hand of Moses., as many as were willing-hearted, and brought 30 And Moses said unto the children of bracelets, and ear-rings, and rings, and tablets, Israel, See, The Lord hath called by name all jewels of gold : and every man that offered, Bezaleel the son of Uri, the son of Hur, of offered an offering of gold unto the LORD. the tribe of Judah ;
23 And every man, with whom was found 31 And he hath filled him with the Spirit of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine linen, God, in wisdom, in understanding, and in knowand goats' hair, and red skins of rams, and ledge, and in all manner of workmanship.; badgers' skins, brought them.
32 And to devise curious works, to work in 24 Every one that did offer an offering of gold, and in silver, and in brass, silver and brass, brought the Lord's offering : / 33 And in the cutting of stones, to set them, and every man, with
found and in carving of wood, to make any manner shittim wood for any work of the service, of cunning work. brought it.
34 And he hath put in his heart that he may 25 And all the women that were w wise- teach, both he, and “Aholiab, the son of Ahihearted did spin with their hands, and brought samach, of the tribe of Dan; that which they had spun, both of blue, and 35 Them hath he c filled with wisdom of of purple, and of scarlet, and of fine linen. heart, to work all manner of work, of the en
26 And all the women "whose heart stirred, graver, and of the cunning workman, and of them up in wisdom, spun goats' hair. the embroiderer, in blue, and in purple, in
27 And the rulers brought onyx stones, scarlet, and in fine linen, and of the weaver, and stones to be set, for the ephod, and for even of them that do, any work, and of those the breastplate;
that devise cunning work.
u Ver. 5, 22, 26, 29.; chap. xxv. 2; xxxvi. 2; 1 Chron. xxvii. 11 Chron. xxix. 6; Ezra ii. 68.- -y Chap. xxx. 23.--- Ver. 2,9;'xxix. 9; Ezra vii. 27; 2 Cor. viii. 12; ix. 7. -1 Chron. 21; 1 Chron. xxix. 9. Chap. xxxi. 2, &c. - Chap. xxxi. xxix. 8. —-" Chap. xxviii. 3 ; xxxi. 6; xxxvi. 1 ; 2 Kings xxiii. 7; 6; Isa. xxviii. 24-29. Ver. 31 ; chap. xxxi, 3, 6; 1 Kings Prov. xxxi. 19, 22, 24.
vii. 14; 2 Chron. ii. 14; Isa. xxviii. 26.
towels, and such like, used in the common service, and descends to require and accept their services. In different from the vestments for Aaron and his sons. building this house of God, all were ambitious to do See these latter described chap. xxviii. 1, &c. something by which they might testify their piety to
Verse 21. Every one whose heart stirred him up] God, and their love for his worship. The spinning Literally, whose heart was lifled up—whose affections practised at this time was simple, and required little were set on the work, being cordially engaged in the apparatus. It was the plain distaff or twirling pin, service of God.
which might be easily made dut of any wood they met Verse 22. As many as were willing-hearted] For with in the wilderness. no one was forced to lend his help in this sacred work; Verse 27. The rulers brought onyx stones) These, all was a free-will offering to the Lord.
being persons of consequence, might be naturally exBracelets] nn chach, whatever hooks together; orna- pected to furnish the more scarce and costly articles
. ments for the wrists, arms, legs, or neck.
See how all join in this service! The men worked Ear-rings) Did nezem, see this explained Gen. and brought offerings, the women spun and brought xxiv. 22.
their ornaments, the rulers united with them and Rings] nyau tabbaath, from you taba, to penetrate, delivered up their jewels! and all the children of enter into; probably rings for the fingers.
Israel brought a willing offering unto the Lord, Tablets] 1910 cumaz, a word only used here and ver. 29. in Num. xxxi. 50, supposed to be a girdle to support Verse 30. The Lord hath called by name Bezaleel] the breasts.
See this subject discussed at large in the note on chap. Verse 25. All the women that were wise-hearted did xxxi. 3, where the subject of superseding the work of spin] They had before learned this art, they were the hand by the extra uso of machinery is particularly wise-hearted; and now they practise it, and God con- I considered.