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A. M. 2514.
B. C. 1490.
Abib or Nisan.
Abib or Nisan.
Of leprosy in a house.
LEVITICUS. The manner of cleansing .it. get' that which pertaineth to his . 42 And they shall take other A. M. 2514. An. Exod. Isr. e. cleansing.
stones, and put them in the place An. Exod. Isr. 2. 33 And the LORD spake unto of those stones; and he shall Moses and unto Aaron, saying,
take other mortar and shall plaster the house. 34 3 When ye be come into the land of 43 And if the plague come again, and break Canaan, which I give to you for a possession, out in the house, after that he hath taken away and I put the plague of leprosy in a house the stones, and after he hath scraped the house, of the land of your possession;
and after it is plastered :: 35 And he that owneth the house, shall come 44 Then the priest shall come and look, and, and tell the priest, saying, It seemeth to me behold, if the plague. be spread in the house, there is as it were
a plague in the house : it is a fretting leprosy in the house : it is 36 Then the priest shall command that they unclean.. i empty the house, before the priest go into it 45 And he shall break down the house, the to see the plague, that all that is in the house stones of it, and the timber thereof, and all be not made. unclean: and afterward the the mortar of the house; and he shall carry priest shall go in to see the house :
them forth out of the city into an unclean place. 37. And he shall look on the plague, and, 46 Moreover he that goeth into the house behold, if the plague be in the walls of the all the while that it is shut up, shall be unhouse with hollow streaks, greenish or reddish, clean until the even. which in sight are lower than the wall; 47 And he that lieth in the house shall wash
38 Then the priest shall go out of the house his clothes ; and he that eateth in the house to the door of the house, and shut up the shall wash his clothes. house seven days :
48 And if the priest shall come in, and 39 And the priest shall come again the look upon it, and, behold, the plague hath not seventh day, and shall look : and, behold, if spread in the house, after the house was plasthe plague be spread in the walls of the tered; then the priest shall pronounce the house ;
house clean, because the plague is healed. : 40 Then the priest shall command that they :49 And m he shall take to cleanse the house take away the stones in which the plague is, two birds, and cedar-wood, and scarlet; and and they shall cast them into an unclean place hyssop : ; without the city :
50 And he shall kill the one of the birds in 41 And he shall cause the house to be an earthen vessel, over running water : scraped within, round. about, and they shall 51 And he shall take the cedar-wood, and pour out the dust that they scrape off, with the hyssop, and the scarlet, and the living out the city, into an unclean place:
bird, and dip them in the blood of the slain (Ver. 10. - Gen. xrii. 8; Num.' xxxii. 22; Deut. vii. 1; i Or, prepare.- - Chap. xiii. 51; Zech. v. 4.--Heb. in coming xxxi 49.-_" Psa. xci. 10; Prov. iii. 33; Zech. v. 4.
in shall come in, &c. -m Ver. 4.. must bring that Lamb of God which takes away the manded it to be shut up seven days more.
On the sin of the world. There is no redemption but in his thirteenth day he revisited it; and if he found the inblood.
fected place dim, or gone away, he took out that part Verse 34. When ye be come into the land
and I of the wall, carried it out to an unclean place, mended put the plague of leprosy). It was probably from this the wall, and caused the whole house to be new.plastext that the leprosy has been generally considered to tered. It was then shut up a third seven days, and he be a disease inflicted immediately by God himself; but came on the nineteenth, and if he found that the plague it is well known that in Scripture God is frequently was broken out anew, he ordered the house to be pulled represented as doing what, in the course of his provi-down." " See Ainsworth, From all this may we not dence, he only permits or suffers to be done. It is learn a lesson of instruction ? If the means made use supposed that the infection of the house, as well as of of by God and his ministers for the conversion of a the person and the garments, proceeded from animal sinner be, through his wilful obstinacy, rendered of no cula. · See the notes on chap. xiii. 47, 52.
avail ; if by his evil practices he trample under foot Verse 45. He shall break down the house) “ On the blood of the covenant wherewith he might have the suspicion of a house being infected, the priest ex- been sanctified, and do despite to the Spirit of God; amined it, and ordered it to be shut up seven days; then God will pull down his house-dislodge his soul if he found the plaguè, or signs of the plague, (hollow from its earthly tabernacle, consign the house, the body, streaks, greenish or reddish,) were not spread, he com-) to corruption, and the spirit to che perdition of ungodly
B. C. 1490.
An. Exod. Isr. 2.
The manner of cleansing
the infected house. A. M. 2514. bird, and in the 'running water, atonement for the house : and it
B. C. 1490. An. Exod. Isr. 2. and sprinkle the house seven shall be clean. Abib or Nisan. times :
54 This is the law for all man
Abib or Nisan. 52 And he shall cleanse the house with ner of plague of leprosy, and • scall, the blood of the bird, and with the running 55 And for the P leprosy of a garment, and water, and with the living bird, and with the of a house. cedar-wood, and with the hyssop, and with 56 And for a rising, and for a scab, and the scarlet :
for a bright spot · 53 But he shall let go the living bird out 57. To s teach when it is unclean, and when of the city into the open fields, and make an it is clean : this is the law of leprosy.
Chap. xiii. 30. =P Chap. xiii. 47.- 4.Ver. 34. Deut. xxiv. 8; Ezek. xliv. 23. — - Heb. in the day of the
unclean, and in the day of the ctean. men.'. Reader, see well how, it stands with thy soul." 4. When the leper was cleansed, he was obliged by God is noť mocked: what a man soweth, that shall he reap. the law to offer a gift unto the Lord for his healing, as
Verse 53. He shall let go the living bird] This a proof of his gratitude, and an evidence of his obemight as well be called the scape-bird; as the goat, in dience. When a sinner is restored to the Divine favour; chap. xvi., is called the scape-goat. The rites are he should offer continually the sacrifice of a grateful similar in both cases, and probably had nearly, the heart, and, in willing obedience, show forth the virtues same meaning.
of Him who has called him from darkness and wretch
edness to marvellous light and happiness. We have already taken occasion to observe (see the end Reader, such was the leprosy, its destructive nature of the preceding chapter) that the leprosy was strongly and consequences, and the means of removing it in emblematical of sin ;, to which we may add-here,- such is the spiritual evil represented by it, such its
1. That the leprosy was a disease generally acknow- consequences, and such the means by which alone it ledged to be incurable by any human means; and can be removed. The disease of sin, inflicted by the therefore the Jews did not attempt to cure it. What devil, can only be cured by the power of God. 1. Art is directed to be done here was not in order to cure thou a leper ? Do the spots of this spiritual infection the leper, but to declare him cured and fit for society. begin to appear on thee? 2.. Art thou young, and In like manner the contagion of. sin, its guilt and its only entering into the ways of the world and sin ? power, can only be removed by the hand of God; all Stop! bad habits are more easily conquered to-day means, without his especial infuence, can be of no avail. than they will be to-morrow. 3. Art thou stricken
2. The body must be sprinkled and washed, and a in ycars, and rooted in transgression? How kind is sacrifice offered for the sin of the soul, before thé leper thy Maker to have preseryed thee alive so long! Turn could be declared to be clean. To cleanse the spiritual from thy transgressions, humble thy soul before him, leper, the Lamb of God must be slain, and the sprink- confess thine iniquity and implore forgiveness. Seek, ling of his blood be applied. Without the shedding and thou shalt find. Behold the Lamb of God, who of this blood there is no remission.
taketh away the sin of the world! 4. Hast thou been 3. When the leper was cleansed, he was obliged, cleansed, and hast not returned to give glory to God? io show himself to the priest, whose province, it was hast not continued in the truth, serving thy Maker and to pronounce him clean, and declare him fit for inter- Saviour with a loving and obedient heart? "How cutcourse with civil and religious society. When a sin- ting is that word, Were there not ten, cleansed ? but ner is converted from the error of his ways, it is the where are the NINE?. Thou art probably one of them. business, as it is the prerogative, of the ministers of Be confounded at thy ingratitude, and distressed for Christ, after having duly acquainted themselves with thy backsliding; and apply a second time for the healevery circumstance; to declare the person converted ing efficacy of the great Atonement. Turn, thou backfrom sin «to holiness, to unite him with the people of slider; for he is married unto thee; and will heal thy God, and admit him to all the ordinances which belong backslidings, and will love thee freely. Amen. So be to the faithful..
it, Lord Jesus! :
Laws concerning'uncleanness of men, 1-12. Mode of cleansing, 13–15. Of uncleanness, accidental and
casual, 16–18. · Laws concerning the uncleanness of women, 19-27. Mode of cleansing, 28–30. Recapitulation of the ordinances relative to the preceding cases, 31–33.
B. C. 1490.
A. M. 2514.
B. C. 1490. An. Exod. Isr. 2. Abib or Nisan.
and laws respecting them. AND the LORD spake unto in And he that toucheth the A. M. 2514.
Moses and to Aaron, saying, flesh of him that hath the issue An. Exod. Isr: 2.
2 Speak unto the children of shall wash his clothes, and bathe Abib or Nisan. Israel, and say unto them, When any man hath himself in water, and be unclean until the a brunning issue out of his flesh, because of even. his issue he is unclean.
8 And if he that hath the issue spit upon him 3 And this shall be his uncleanness in his that is clean; then he shall wash his clothes, issue : whether his flesh run with his issue, and bathe himself in water, and be unclean or his flesh be stopped from his issue, it is until the even. his uncleanness.
9 . And what saddle soever he rideth upon 4 Every bed, whereon he leth that hath the that hath the issue shall be unclean. issue, is unclean : and every · thing whereon - 10 And whosoever toucheth any thing that he sitteth shall be unclean.
was under him shall be unclean until the 5 And whosoever toucheth his, bed shall even: and he that beareth any of those things wash his clothes, d-and bathe himself in water, shall wash his clothes, and bathe himself in and be unclean until the even.
water, and be unclean until the even. 6 And he that sitieth on any thing whereon 11 And whomsoever he toucheth that hath he sat that hath the issue shall wash his the issue, and hath not rinsed his hands in clothes, and bathe himself in water, and; be water, he shall wash his clothes, and bathe unclean. until even.
himself in water, and be unclean until the even.
* Chapter xxii. 4; Num: v. 2 ; 2 Samuel iii. 29;. Matt. ix. 20; Or, running of the reins.
Mark v. 25; Luke viii. 43.
of former times are considered, it seems rather strange Verse 2. When any man hath a running issue] that medical men should have adopted the opinion, and The cases of natural aneleanness, both of men and consumed so much time in endeavouring to prove it, women, mentioned in this chapter, taken in a theolo-" viz., that the disease is modern. It must have existed, gical point of view, are not of such importance to us in certain measures, ever since prostitution prevailed as to render a particular description necessary, the in the world, and this has been in every nation of the letter of the text being, in general, plain enough. The earth from its earliest era. That the Israelites might disease mentioned in the former part of this chapter, have received it from the Egyptianş, and that it must, appears to some to have been either the consequence through the Baal-peor and Ashteroth abominations of a very bad infection, or of some criminal indulgence; which they learned and practised, have prevailed for they find that it might be communicated in a va- among the Moabites, &c., there can be little reason to riety of ways, which they imagine are here distinctly doubt. . Supposing this disease to be at all hinted at specified. On this ground the person was declared here, the laws and ordinances enjoined were at once unclean, and all commerce and connection with him wisely and graciously calculated to remove and prestrictly forbidden. "The Septuagint version renders vent it. By contact, contagion of every kind is readily din hazzab, the man with the issue, by ó yovopovns, communicated; and to keep the whole from the disthe man with a gonorrhæa, no less than nine times in. eased must be essential to the check and eradication this chapter ; and that it means what in the present of a contagious disorder. This was the wise and day is commonly understood by that disorder, taken grand object of this most enlightened Legislator in the not only in its mild but in its worst sense, they think ordinances which he lays down in this chapter. I there is little room to doubt. Hence they infer that grant, however, that it was probably of a milder kinda disease which is supposed to be comparatively recent in ancient times; that it has gained strength and viruin Europe, has existed almost from time immemorial lence by continuance; and that; associated with some in the Asiatic countries ; that it ever has been, in cer- foreign causes, it became greatly exacerbated in Eutain measures, what it is now; and that it ever must rope about 1493, the time in which some have sup. be the effect of sensual indulgence, and illicit and ex- posed it first began to exist, though there are strong travagant intereourse between the sexes. The dis- evidences of it in this country ever since the eleventh graceful disorder referred to here is a foul blot which century, the justice of God in the course of providence has Verse 11. And whomsoever he toucheth] Here we made in general the inseparable consequent of these find that the saliva, sitting on the same seat, lying on criminal indulgences, and serves in some measure to the same bed, riding on the same saddle, or simple correct' and restrain the vice itself. In countries contact, was sufficient to render the person unclean, where public prostitution was permitted, where it was meaning; possibly, in certain cases, to communicate even å religious ceremony among those who were idol- the disorder; and it is well known that in all these aters, this disease must necessarily have been frequent ways the contagion of this disorder may be communiAnd preyalent. When the pollutions and libertinism cated. Is it not even possible that the effluvia from
NOTES ON CHAP. XV.
Various ordinances relative
to those who have issues.
B. C. 1490.
A. M. 2514. 12 And the vessel of earth, also that she sitteth upon shall A. M. 2514.
B. C. 1490.
An. Exod. Isr. 2. Abib or Nisan.
issue, shall be broken : and overy 21 And whosoever toucheth Abib or Nisan. vessel of wood shall be rinsed in 'water, her bed shall wash his clothes, and bathe
13 And when he that hath an issue is himself in water, and be unclean until the cleansed-of his, issue ; then.' he shall number even. to himself seven days for his cleansing, and 22 And whosoever toucheth any thing that wash his clothes, and bathe his flesh in run- she sat upon; shall wash. his clothes, and ning water, and shall be clean.
bathe himself in water, and be unclean. until 14 And on the eighth day he shall take to the even.. him 5 two turtle-doves, or two young pigeons, 23. And if it be on her bed, or on any thing and come before the Lord unto the door of whereon she sitteih, when he toucheth it, he the tabernacle of the congregation, and give shall be unclean until the even. them unto the priest :
24 And • if any man lie with her at all, and 15 And the priest shall offer them, the one her flowers be upon him, he shall be unclean for a sin-offering, and the other for a burnt- seven days, and all the bed whereon he lieth offering; and the priest shall make an atone- shall be unclear. ment for him before the Lord, for his issue. 25 And if Pa woman have an issue of her
16 And if any man's seed of copulation go blood many days, out of the time of her sepaout from him, then he shall wash all his flesh ration, or if it rtin beyond the time of her in water, and be unclean until the even. separation; all the days of the issue of her
- 17 And every garment, and every skin, uncleanness shall be as the days of her sepawhereon is the seed of copulation, shall be ration: she shall be unclean. washed with water, and be unclean until the 26 Every bed whereon she lieth, all the days even.
of her issue, shall be unto her as the bed of 18 The woman also with whom man shall | her separation : and whatsoever she sitteth lie with seed of copulation, they shall both bathe upon shall be unclean, as the uncleanness of themselves in water, and be unclean until the her separation. even.
27 And whosoever toucheth those things 19 'And if a woman have an issue, and her shall be unclean, and shall wash his clothes, issue in her flesh be blood, she shall be put and bathe himself in water, and be unclean apart seven , days : and whosoever toucheth until the even. her shall be unclean until the even.
28 But a if she be cleansed of her issue, then 20 And every thing that she lieth upon in she shall number ta herself seven days, and her separation shall be unclean : every thing after that she shall be clean.
Chap, vị.29; x. 33, 38.1-Ver, 28; chap, xiv. 8. - Chap " Sam. xxi. 4. Chap. xii. 2. — Heb. in her separation. xiv. 22, 23. Chap. xiv. 30, 31.- Chap. xiv. 19, 31. See chap. xx. 18. - Matt. ix. 20 ; Mark v. 25; Luke viii. « Chap. xxii. 4; Deut. xxu. 10.
43. —— Ver. 13. the body of an infected person may be the means of exposed to in the way of commerce, traffic, &c., would communicating the disease ? Sydenham expressly says prevent them from making an unlawful use of lawful that it may be communicated by lactation, handling, things. the saliva, sweat, and by the breath itself, as well as Verse 24. The common sense of all mankind has by those grosser means of which there is no question. led them to avoid the gross impropriety referred to in But the term unclean, in this and the following cases, this verse ; and it has been a general opinion, that offis generally understood in a mere legal sense, the spring obtained in this way has been infected with rendering a person unfit for sacred ordinances. And leprous, scrofulous, and other deeply radicated diseases, as there was a mild kind of gonorrhea that was from which they and their posterity have been scarcely brought on by excessive fatigue and the like, it may ever freed. In chap. xx. 18, persons guilty of this be that kind only which the law has in view in the are condemned to death; here only to a seven days' above ordinances.
separation; because, in the former case, Moses speaks Verse 18. They shall both bathe themselves] What of the act when both the man and woman were aca wonderful tendency had these ordinances to prevent quainted with the situation : in the latter, he speaks all excesses! The pains which such persons must of a case where the circumstance was not known till take, the separalions which they must observe, and afterwards ; at least, so it appears these two places the privations which, in consequence, they must be should be understood, sợ as to be reconciled.
A. M. 2514.
Abib or Nisan.
Abib or Nisan.
Method of cleansing
the defiled person. 29 And on the eighth day, she Israel from their uncleanness; An. Exod. Isr. 2. shall take unto her two turtles, that they die ' not in their un- An. Exod. Isr. 2.
or two young pigeons, and bring cleanness, when they defile my them unto the priest, to the door of the taber- tabernacle that is among them. nacle of the congregation.
32 . This is the law of him that hath an issue, 30 And the priest shall offer the one for " and of him whose seed goeth from him, and sin-offering, and the other for a burnt-offer- is defiled therewith ; ing; and the priest shall make an atonement 33 And of her that is sick of her flowers, for her before the LORD, for the issue of her, and of him that hath an issue, of the man, uncleanness,
wand of the woman; rand of him that lieth 31 Thus shall ye ' separate the children of with her that is unclean.
Chap. xi. 47; Deut. xxiv. 8; Ezek. xliv. 23.- - Num. v. 3;
xix. 13, 20; Ezek. v. 11; xxiii. 38.
Verse 29. Two turtles, or two young pigeons] In to us. He who cannot derive instruction from the all these cases moral pollution was ever considered as chapter before him, and be led by a proper considerbeing less or more present, as even such infirmities ation of its contents to adore the wisdom and goodsprang from the original defection of man. On these ness of God, must have either a very stupid or a very accounts sacrifices must be offered; and in the case vitiated mind. :: of the woman, one of the birds above mentioned must 2. In all these ordinances we may plainly see that be sacrificed as a sin-offering, the other as a burni- God has purity of heart continually in view—that the offering, ver. 30.
soul may be holy, he cuts off the occasions of sin; and Verse 31. Thụs shall. ye separate the children of that men may be obliged to keep within due bounds, Israel from their uncleanness] - By this separation the and possess their vessels in sanctification and honour, cause became less frequent, and the contagion, if it did he hedges up their way with briars and thorns, and renexist, was prevented from spreading. So pest-houses ders transgression painful, shameful, and expensive. and fever-wards are constructed for the purpose of se- : 3. Preventing grace is not less necessary than that parating the infected from the sound; and thus conta- which saves and, which preserves. These three chapgion is lessened, and its diffusion prevented.. ters, avoided and neglected by most, contain lessons
That they die not) That life may be prolonged by of instruction for all ; and though many things conthese prudential cares; and that he who is morally tained in them belong exclusively to the Jewish people and legally unclean, may not presume to enter into the as to the letter, yet in their spirit and gracious design tabernacle of God till-purified, lest he provoke Divine they form a part of those revealed things which are justice to consume him, while attempting to worship for and for our children ;: and although they cannot with a polluted mind and impure hands.
be made the subject of public oral instruction, yet they
are highly necessary to be koown, and hence the ad1. How unpromising and how forbidding, at the first vantage of reading the Scriptures in regular order in view, is this chapter! and yet how full of wise, hu- private. May we read so as to understand, and pracmane, and--moral regulations, manifesting at once the tise. what we know, that, being wise unto salvation, we wisdom and kindness of the great Legislator! Every. may walk as children of the light and of the day, in word of God is pure in itself, and of great importance I whom there shall be no occasion of stumbling!
The solemn yearly erpiation for the high priest, who must not come at all times into the holy place, 1, 2. He
must take a bullock for, a sin-offering, and a ram for a burnt-offering, bathe himself, and be dressed in his sacerdotal robes, 3, 4. He shall take two goats, one of which is to be determined by lot to be a sacrifice ; the other to be a scape-goat, 5–10. He shall offer a bullock for himself and for his family, 11-14. And shall kill the goat as a sin-offering for the people, and sprinkle įts blood. upon the mercy-seal, and hallow the altar of burnt-offerings, 15-19. The scape-goat shall be then brought, on the head of which he shall lay his hands, and confess the iniquities of the children of Israel; after which the goat shall be permitted lo escape to the wilderness, 20–22.
After this Aaron shall bathe himself, and make a burnt, offering for himself and for the people, 23–28., This is to be an everlasting slalute, and the day on which the alonement is to be made shall be a Sabbath, or day of resi, through all their generations, 29-34,