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Laws against image worship. LEVITICUS. The Sabbath to be sanctified. God himself therefore is their portion, without whom But this institution especially pointed out the reeven heaven itself would not be a state of consummate demption of man by Christ Jesus : 1. Through him, blessedness to an immortal spirit.
he who was in debt to God's justice had his debt dis
charged, and his sin forgiven. 2. He who sold him. THẾ jubilee was a wonderful institution, and was self for naught, who was a bond-slave of sin and Satan, of very great service to the religion, freedom, and regains his liberty and becomes a son of God through independence of the Jewish people. “The motive of faith in his blood. 3. He who by transgression had this law," says Calmet, “was to prevent the rich from forfeited all right and title to the kingdom of God, oppressing the poor, and reducing them to perpetual becomes an heir of God, and a joint heir with Christ. slavery; and that they should not get possession of Heaven, his forfeited inheritance, is restored, for the all the lands by way of purchase, mortgage, or, lastly, kingdom of heaven is opened to all believers ; and thus, usurpation. That debts should not be multiplied too redeemed from his debt, restored to his liberty, united much, lest thereby the poor should be entirely ruined; to the heavenly family, and re-entitled to his inheritand that slaves should not continue always, they, their ance, he goes on his way rejoicing, till he enters the wives and children, in servitude. Besides, Moses in paradise of his Maker, and is for ever with the Lord. tended to preserve, as much as possible, personal liber- Reader, hast thou applied for this redemption? Does ty, an equality of property, and the regular order of not the trumpet of the jubilee, the glad tidings of salfamilies, among the Hebrews. Lastly, he designed vation by Christ Jesus, sound in the land ! Surely it that the people should be strongly attached to their does. Why then continue a bond-slave of sin, a child country, lands, and inheritances; that they should have of wrath, and an heir of hell, when such a salvation is an affection for them, and consider them as estates offered unto thee without money and without price? which descended to them from their ancestors which o suffer not this provision to be made ultimately in they were to leave to their posterity, without any fear vain for thee! For what art thou advantaged if thou of their going ultimately out of their families.” gain the whole world and lose thy soul ?
B. C. 1490.
CHAPTER XXVI. Idolatry forbidden, 1. The Sabbath to be sanctified, 2, 3.
Promises to obedience, of fruitful fields, plentiful harvests, and vintage, 4, 5. Of peace and security, 6. Discomfiture of their enemies, 7–9. of abundance, 10. Of the Divine presence, 11-13. Threatenings against the disobedient, 14, 15. of terror and dismay, 16. Their enemies shall prevail against them, 17, 18. Of barrenness, 19, 20. Of desolation by wild beasts, 21, 22. And if not humbled and reformed, worse evils shall be inflicted upon them, 23, 24. Their enemies shall prevail, and they shall be wasted by the pestilence, 25, 26. If they should still continue refractory, they shall be yet more sorely punished, 27, 28. The famine shall so increase that shall be obliged to eat their own children, 29. · Their carcasses shall be cast upon the car. casses of their idols, 30. Their cities shall be wasted, and the sanctuary desolated, 31 ; the land destroyed, 32, themselves scattered among their enemies, and pursued with utter confusion and distress, 33–39. If under these judgments they confess their sin and return to God, he will remember them in mercy, 40–43; visit them even in the land of their enemies, 44 ; and remember his covenant with their fathers, 45. The conclusion, stating these to be the judgments and laws which the Lord'made between himself and the children of Israel in Mount Sinai, 46. A. M. 2514. YE shall make you * no idols, (rence my sanctúary : I am the
A. M. 2514.
B. C. 1490. An. Exod. Isr. 2. nor graven image, neither LORD.
An. Exod. Isr. 2. Abib or Nisan. rear you up a b standing image,
Abib or Nisan. 3 If
walk in ye
my statutes, neither shall ye set up any image d of stone and keep my commandments, and do them;
your land, to bow down unto il : for I am 4 & Then I will give you rain in due season, the LORD your God.
h and 'the land shall yield her increase, and 2 • Ye shall keep my Sabbaths, and reve- the trees of the field shall yield their fruit.
a Exod. xx. 4,5; Deut. v. 8; xvi. 22 ; xxvii. 15; Psa. xcvii. Deut. xi. 13, 14, 15; xxviü. 1-14.-_5 Isa. xxx. 23; Ezek. 7.- Or, pillar. -- Or, figured stone. d Heb. a stone of xxxiv. 26; Joel ii. 23, 24. Ch Psa. lxvii. 6; lxxxv. 12; Ezek. picture. Chap. xix. 30.
xxxiv. 27; xxxvi. 30; Zech. viii. 12. NOTES ON, CHAP. XXVI.
of God in their behalf, were afterward abused to idolVerse 1. Ye shall make you no idols) See the note atrous and superstitious purposes, and therefore proon Exod. xx. 4, and see the note on Gen. xxviii. 18, hibited. This we know was the case with the brazen 19, concerning consecrated stones. Not only idolatry serpent, 2 Kings xviii. 4. in general is forbidden here, but also the superstitious Verse 3. If ye walk in my stalutes] For the meanuse of innocent and lawful things. Probably the ing of this and similar words used in the law, see the stones or pillars which were first set up, and anointed note on ver. 15. by holy men in commemoration of signal interpositions Verse 4. Rain in due season) What in Scripture 594
( 39 )
A. M. 2514.
to obedience. A. M. 2514.
5 And your threshing shall make you fruitful, and multiply B. C. 1490. an. Exod. 185. 2. reach unto the vintage, and the you, and establish my covenant An. Exod. Isr. 2. Abib or Nisan.
Abib or Nisan. vintage shall reach unto the sow- with you. ing time: and ye shall eat your bread to the 10 And ye shall eat old store, and bring full, and dwell in your land safely.
forth the old because of the new. 6 And m I will give peace in the land, and 11 And I will set my tabernacle among
ye shall lie down, and none shall make you you: and my soul shall not Wabhor you. afraid : and I will rid Pevil beasts out of 12 * And I will walk among you, and y will the land, neither shall the sword go through be your God, and ye shall be my people.
13 · I am the LORD your God, which brought 7 And ye shall chase your enemies, and they you forth out of the land of Egypt, that ye shall fall before you by the sword.
should not be their bondmen; & and I have 8 And 'five of you shall chase a hundred, broken the bands of your yoke, and made you and a hundred of you shall put ten thousand go upright. to flight : and your enemies shall fall before 14 • But if ye will not hearken unto me, and you by the sword.
will not do all these commandments; 9 For I will have respect unto you, and 15 And if ye shall · despise my statutes, or
Amos ix. 13.-—- Chap. xxv. 19; Deut. xi. 15; Joel ii. 19, 2 Kings xiii. 23.—Gen. xvii. 6, 7; Neh. ix. 23; Psa. cvii.
- Chap. xxv. 18; Job xi. 18; Ezekiel xxxiv. 25, 27, 28 38.—u Chap. xxv. 22. - Exod. xxv.8; xxix. 45; Joshi xxii. Chron. xxii. 9; Psa. xxix. 11; cxlvii. 14; Isa. xlv. 7; Hag. 19; Psa. lxxvi. 2; Ezek. xxxvii. 26, 27, 28; Rev.xxi. 3:— Ch. ii. 9. Job xi. 19; Psa. ii. 5; iv. 8; Isa. xxxv. 9; Jer. xxx. xx. 23; Deut. xxxii. 19.-12 Cor. vi. 16. y Exodus vi. 7; 10; Ezek. xxxiv. 25; Hos. ii. 18; Zeph. 11. 13.-—_ Heb. cause Jer. vii. 23 ; xi. 4 ; xxx. 22 ; Ezek. xi. 20 ; xxxvi. 28.-2 Chap. to cease. -P2 Kings xvii. 25 ; Ezek. v. 17 ; xiv. 15, -4 Ezek. xxv. 38, 42, 55.—a Jeremiah ii. 20; Ezek. xxxiv. 27.
Lb Deut. xiv. 17.-Deut. xxxii. 30 ; Josh. xxiii. 10.—Exod. ii. 25; xxviii. 15; Lam. ii. 17; Mal. ii. 2.-- Ver. 43 ; 2 Kings xvii. 15. is called the early and the latter rain. The first fell the Gospel dispensation, viz. the presence, manifestain Palestine at the commencement of spring, and the tion, and indwelling of God in human nature, and his latter in autumn.—Calmet.
constant indwelling in the souls of his followers. So Verse 5. Your threshing shall reach unto the vin- John i. 14 : the WORD was made flesh, kal cornWoev tage) According to Pliny, Hist. Nat., 1. xviii., c. 18, w huv, and MADE HIS TABERNACLE among us. And the Egyptians reaped their barley six months, and to this promise of the law St. Paul evidently refers, their oats seven months, after seed time ; for they 2 Cor. vi. 16-18, and vii. 1. • sowed all their grain about the end of summer, when Verse 15. If ye shall despise my statutes—abhor the overflowings of the Nile had ceased. It was nearly my judgments] As these words, and others of a the same in Judea : they sowed their corn and barley similar import, which point out different properties of towards the end of autumn, and about the month of the revelation of God, are frequently occurring, I judge October; and they began their barley-harvest after the it best to take a general view of them, once for all, passover, about the middle of Mareh; and in one month in this place, and show how they differ among themor six weeks after, about pentecost, they began that of selves, and what property of the Divine law each their wheat. After their wheat-harvest their vintage points out. commenced. Moses here leads the Hebrews to hope, 1. STATUTES. npn chukkoth, from po chak, to if they continued faithful to God, that between their mark out, define, &c. This term seems to signify the harvest and vintage, and between their vintage and things which God has defined, marked, and traced out, seed-time, there should be no interval, so great should that men might have a perfect copy of pure conduct the abundance be ; and these promises would appear always before their eyes, to teach them how they to them the more impressive, as they had just now might walk so as to please him in all things, which come out of a country where the inhabitants were they could not do without such instruction as God obliged to remain for nearly three months shut up with gives in his word, and the help which he affords by in their cities, because the Nile had then inundated his Spirit. the whole country. See Calmet.
2. JUDGMENTS. ooow shephatim, from pov sha“ This is a nervous and beautiful promise of such phat, to distinguish, regulate, and delermine; meaning entire plenty of corn and wine, that before they could those things which God has determined that men shall have reaped and threshed out their corn the vintage pursue, by which their whole conduct shall he regulated, should be ready, and before they could have pressed making the proper distinction between virtue and vice, out their wine it would be time to sow again. The good and evil, right and wrong, justice and injustice; Prophet Amos, chap. ix. 13, expresses the same bless- in a word, between what is proper to be done, and ing in the same manner : The ploughman shall over- what is proper to be left undone. take the reaper, and the treader of grapes him who 3. COMMANDMENTS. niso mitsvoth, from 1718 tsasoweth seed." -Dodd.
vah, to command, ordain, and appoint, as a legislator. Verse 11. I will set my tabernacle among you] This This term is properly applied to those parts of the law and the following verse contain the grand promise of | which contain the obligation the people are under to
1 Sam. ii. 33.- Deut.
against the disobedient. A. M. 2514. if your soul abhor my judgments, eyes, and cause sorrow of heart; A. M. 2514. B. .
B. C. 1490. An. Exod. Isr: 2. so that ye will not do all my and “ye shall sow your seed in An. Exod. Isr. 2. Abib or Nisan. commandments, but that ye break vain, for your enemies shall eat it.
enemies shall eat it. Abib or Nisan. my covenant:
17 And i I will set my face against you, and 16 I also will do this unto you ; I will even ye shall be slain before your enemies : 1 they appoint d over you o terror, consumption, and that hate you shall reign over you; and “ye the burning ague, that shall & consume the shall flee when none pursueth you. d Heb. upon you.—
Le Deut. xxviii. 65, 66, 67 ; xxxii. 25; i Chap. xvii. 10.-* Deut. xxviii. 25; Judg. ii. 14; Jer. Jer. xv. 8. Deut. xxviii, 22.
xix. 7.JPsa. coi. 41. m Ver. 36; Psa. liii. 5; Prov. xxviii. 33, 51; Job. xxxi. 8; Jer. v. 17; xii. 13; Mic. vi. 15. xxviii. 1. act according to the statutes, judgments, &c., already revelation God makes of himself; (see Psa. cxix ;) established, and which prohibit them by penal sanc- and by this the impartiality of the Divine testimonies tions from acting contrary to the laws.
is pointed out. God gives to all their due, and his 4. COVENANT. nina berith, from na bar, to clear, word distributes to every man according to his state, cleanse, or purify ; because the covenant, the whole circumstances, talents, graces, &c.; to none too much, system of revelation given to the Jews, was intended to none too little, to all enough. to separate them from all the people of the earth, and 10. Word of JEHOVAH. 77107 777 debar Yehorak, to make them holy. Berith also signifies the cove- from 127 dabar, to drive, lead, bring forward, hence nant-sacrifice, which prefigured the atonement made to bring forward, or utter one's sentiments ; so the by Christ for the sin of the world, by which he puri- word of God is what God has brought forth to man fies believers unto himself, and makes them a peculiar from his own mind and counsel ; it is a perfect simipeople, zealous of good works. Besides those four, litude of his own righteousness, holiness, goodness, we may add the following, from other places of and truth. This Divine law is sometimes expressed Scripture.
by 5. TESTIMONIES. niny edoth, om w ad, beyond, 11: 777.38 imrah, speech or word, variously modi. farther, besides ; because the whole ritual law refer- fied from 708 amar, to branch out, because of the red to something farther on or beyond the Jewish dis- interesting details into which the word of God enters pensation, even to that sacrifice which in the fulness in order to instruct man and make him wise unto salof time was to be offered for the sins of men. Thus vation, or, as the apostle expresses it, “God, who at all the sacrifices, &c., of the Mosaic law referred to sundry times, and in divers manners, spake unto the Christ, and bore testimony to him who was to come." fathers by the prophets,” πολυμερως και πολυτροπως, in
6. ORDINANCES. nuovo mishmaroth, from how many distinct parčels, and by various tropes or figures; shamar, to guard, keep safe, watch over ; those parts a curious and elegant description of Divine revelation; of Divine revelation which exhorted men to watch Heb. i. 1. their ways, keep their hearts, and promised them, in 12. All these collectively are termed the Law, consequence, the continual protection and blessing of 7710 torah, or 710'nun torath Yehovah, the law of God their Maker.
the Lord, from 777' yarah, to direct, set straight and 7. Precepts. D'oipo pikkudim, from 7p». pakad, true, as stones in a building, to teach and instruct, beto overlook, take care or notice of, to visit ; a very cause this whole system of Divine revelation is calcuexpressive character of the Divine testimonics, the lated to direct men to the attainment of present and overseers of a man's conduct, those who stand by and eternal felicity, to set them right in their notions conlook on to see whether he acts according to the com-cerning the supreme God, to order and adjust them mands of his Master ; also the visiters, because God's in the several departments of civil and religious sociprecepts are suited to all the circumstances of human ety, and thus to teach and instruct them in the knowlife; some are applicable in adversity, others in pros-. ledge of themselves, and in the true knowledge of God. perity ; some in times of temptation and sadness, Thus those who receive the truth become the city of others in seasons of spiritual joy and exultation, &c., the living God—the temple of the Most High, built &c. Thus they may be said to overlook and visit man together for a habitation of God through the Spirit. in all times, places, and circumstances.
To complete this description of the word law, see the 8. Truth. nox emeth, from ox am, to support, note on Exod. xii. 49, where other properties of the sustain, confirm ; because God is immutable who has law of God are specified. promised, threatened, commanded, and therefore all his Verse 16. I will even appoint over you terror, fc.) promises, threatenings, commandments, &c., are unal- How dreadful is this curse! A whole train of evils terable and eternal. Error and falsity promise to are here personified and appointed to be the governors direct and sustain, but they fail. God's word is sup- of a disobedient people. Terror is to be one of their ported by his own faithfulness, and it supports and keepers. How awful å state! to be continually under confirms them who conscientiously believe it. the influence of dismay, feeling indescribable evils,
9. RIGHTEOUSNESS. np78 isedakah, from prs, and fearing worse! Consumption, nono shachepheth, which, though not used as a verb in the Hebrew Bible, generally allowed to be some kind of atrophy or maseems to convey, from its use as a noun, the idea of -rasmus, by which the flesh was consumed, and the giving just weight or good measure, see chap. xix. 36. whole body dried up by raging fever through lack of This is one of the characters which is attributed to the sustenance. See the note on chap. xi. 16. How cir.
against the disobedient. A.M. 2514. 18. And if ye will not yet for you ;. and ye shall be delivered A. M. 2514. B.C. 1490.
B. C. 1490. An. Exod. Isr. 2. all this hearken unto me, then I into the hand of the
enemy: An. Exod. Isr. 2. Abib or Nisan. will punish you ► seven times 26 ? And when I have broken
Abib or Nisan. more for
the staff of your bread, ten women shall bake 19 And I will : break the pride of your your brcad in one oven, and they shall deliver power; and I will make your heaven as iron, you your bread again by weight: and ye shall and your earth as brass :
eat, and not be satisfied. 20 And your strength shall be spent in 27 And if ye will not for all this hearken vain : for your land shall not yield her in- unto me, but walk contrary unto me; crease, neither shall the trees of the land yield 28 Then I will walk contrary unto you also their fruits.
in fury; and I, even I, will chastise you 21. And if ye walk · contrary unto me, and seven times for your sins. will not hearken unto me; I will bring seven 29 And
shall eat the flesh of your sons, times more plagues upon you, according to and the flesh of your daughters shall ye eat.
30 And I will destroy your high places, and 22 + I will also send wild beasts among you, cut down your images, and cast your carcasses which shall rob you of your children, and de- upon the carcasses of your idols, and my soul stroy your cattle, and make you few in num- shall 8 abhor you. ber; and your high ways shall be desolate. 31 h And I will make your cities waste,
23 And if ye' will not be reformed by me by and i bring your sanctuaries unto desolation, these things, but will walk contrary unto me; and I will not smell the savour of your sweet
24 w Then will I also walk contrary unto odours. you, and will punish you yet seven times for 32 k And I will bring the land into desola
tion : and your enemies which dwell therein 25. And - I will bring a sword upon you, shall be astonished at-it. that shall avenge the quarrel of my covenant: 33 And im I will scatter you among the heaand when ye are gathered together within then, and will draw out a sword after you: and your cities, I will send the pestilence among your land shall be desolate, and your cities waste. Sam. ii. 5; Psa. cxix. 164; Prov. xxiv. 16.
Lo Isa. xxv.
a Isa. ix. 20; Mic. vi. 14; Hag. i. 6. _b Ver. 21, 24. c Isa. 11; xxvi. 5; Ezek. vii. 24 ; xxx. 6.—P Deut. xxviii. 23. lix. 18; Ixiii. 3; lxvi. 15; Jer. xxi: 5; Ezek. v. 13, 15; viii. 18.
Psa. cxxvii. 1 ; Isa. xlix. 4.- Deut. xi. 17 ; xxviii. 18; Hag. Deut. xxviij. 53; 2 Kings vi. 29; Ezek. v. 10; Lam. iv. 10; i. 10. - Or, at all adventures with me ; and so ver. 24. Bar. ii. 3.-02 Chron. xxxiv. 3, 4, 7; Isa. xxvii. 9; Ezek. vi. i Deut. xxxii. 24; 2 Kings xvii. 25; Ezek. v. 17; xiv. . 15. 3, 4, 5, 6, 13.-_2 Kings xxiii. 20; 2 Chron. xxxiv. 5.-- Lev, Judg. v. 6; 2 Chron. xv. 5; Isa. xxxiii. 8; Lam.i. 4; Zech. xx. 23 ; Psa. Ixxviii. 59; lxxxix. 38 ; Jer. xiv. 19.- Neh. ii. vii. 14. - Jer. ü. 30; v. 3; Amos iv. 6–12.- * 2 Sam. xxii. 3; Jer. iv. 7; Ezek. vi. 6. -i Psa. Ixxiv. 7 ; Lam. i. 10; Ezek. 27; Psa. xviii. 26.-- Ezek. v. 17; vi. 3 ; xiv. 17 ; xxix. 8; ix. 6 ; xxi. 7. Jer. ix. 11 ; Xxv. 11, 18. — Deut. xxviii. 37 ; xxxii. 2.- Num. xiv. 12 ; Deut. xxviii. 21 ; Jer. xiv. 12; xxiv. 1 Kings. ix. 8; Jer. xviii. 16; xix. 8; Ezek. v. 15. um Deut. 10; xxix. 17, 18; Amos iv. 10.- - Psa. cv. 16; Isa. iii. l; iv. 27; xxvii. 64 ; Psa. xliv. Il; Jer. ix. 16; Ezek. xii. 15; XX. Ezek. iv. 16; v. 16; xiv. 13.
23; xxii. 15; Zech. vii. 14.
cumstantially were all these threatenings fulfilled in And of their prophets it is said : 0 Israel, thy prothis disobedient and rebellious people! *Let a deist phets are like foxes in the deserts, Ezek. xiii. 4; read over this chapter and compare it with the state Jer. viii. 1:7; xv. 3." of the Jews since the days of Vespasian, and then let · Verse 26. Ten women shall bake your bread in one him doubt the authenticity of this word if he can. oven] Though in general every family in the East
Verse 22. I will also send wild beasts among you) bakes its own bread, yet there are some public bakeGod fulfilled these threatenings at different times. He houses where the bread of several families is baked sent fiery SERPENTS among them, Num. xxi. 6 ; Lions, at a certain price. Moses here foretells that the deso2 Kings xvii. 25 ; BEARS, 2 Kings ií. 24, and threaten- lation should be so great and the want so pressing that ed them with total desolation, so that their land should there should be many idle hands to be employed, many be overrun with wild beasts, &c., see Ezek. v. 17. mouths to be fed, and very little for each : Ten women “Spiritually,” says Mr. Ainsworth, “ these are wicked shall bake your bread in one oven, &c. rulers and tyrants that kill and spoil, Prov. xxviii. 15 ; Verse 29. Ye shall eat ihe flesh of your sons, &c.] Dan. vii. 3-6; Psa. lxxx. 13; and false prophets This was literally fulfilled at the siege of Jerusalem. that devour souls, Matt. vii. 15; Rev. xiii. 1, &c. Josephus, Wars of the Jews, book vii., chap. ii., gives · So the prophet, speaking of their punishment by tyrants, us a particular instance in dreadful detail of a woman says : A lion out of the forest shall slay them; a wolf named Mary, who, in the extremity of the famine of the evening shall spoil them ; a LEOPARD shall watch during the siege, killed her sucking child, roasted, and over their cities ; every one that goeth out thence shall had eaten part of it when discovered by the soldiers ! be torn to pieces, because their transgressions be many, | See this threatened, Jer. xix. 9.
Awful threatenings, with
promises of mercy, A.M. 2514. 34 Then shall the land enjoy unto them, and have brought them A. M. 251 4. B. C. 1190
B. C. 1490. An. Exod. Isr: 2. her Sabbaths, as long as it lieth into the land of their enemies; An. Exod. Isr. 2 Abib or Nisan.
desolate, and ye be in your if then their wuncircumcised Abib or Nisan. enemies' land ; even then shall the land rest, hearts be * humbled, and they then accept of and enjoy her Sabbaths.
the punishment of their iniquity ; 35 As long as it lieth desolate it shall rest; 42 Then will I y remember my covenant because it did not rest in your Sabbaths, with Jacob, and also my covenant with Isaac, when
and also my covenant with Abraham will I 36 And upon them that are left alive of you, remember; and I will ? remember the land. p I will send a faintness into their hearts in 43. & The land also shall be left of them, and the lands of their enemies; and the sound shall enjoy her Sabbaths, while she lieth desoof a 'shaken leaf shall chafe them; and they late without them: and they shall accept of shall flee, as fleeing from a sword; and they the punishment of their iniquity : because, shall fall when none pursueth.
even because they despised my judgments, 37 And they shall fall, one upon another, and because their soul abhorred my statutes. as it were before a sword, when none pursueth : | 44 And yet for all that, when they be in the and t
ye shall have no power to stand before land of their enemies, • I will not cast them your enemies.
away, neither will I abhor them, to destroy 38 And ye shall perish among the heathen, them utterly, and to break my covenant with and the land of your enemies shall eat you up. them : for I am the Lord their God. , 39 And they that are left of you .u shall pine 45 But I will d for their sakes remember the away in their iniquity, in your enemies' lands; covenant of their ancestors, whom I brought and also in the iniquities of their fathers shall forth out of the land of Egypt, in the sight they pine away with them.
off the heathen, that I might be their God: I 40 If they shall confess their iniquity, and am the LORD, the iniquity of their fathers, with their trespass 46 & These are the statutes, and judgments, which they trespassed against me, and that and laws, which the LORD made between him also they have walked contrary unto me; and the children of Israel h in Mount Sinai,
41 And that I also have walked contrary by the hand of Moses. #2 Chron. xxxvi. 21. - Ch. xxv. 2.- Ezeķ. xxi. 7, 12, See Jer. vi. 10; ix. 25, 26; Ezek. xliv. 7; Acts vii. 51; 15. -9 Ver. 17; Job xv. 21 ; Prov. xxviii. I. - Heb, driven. Rom. ii. 29; Col. ii. 11.- -] Kings xxi. 29; 2 Chren, xü. 6, • Isa, x, 4; sce Judg, vii. 22; 1 Sam, xiv. 15,-16.– - Josh. vii. 7, 12; xxxii. 26; xxxiii. 12, 13.-y Exod. ij. 24; vi. 5; Psa. 12, 13; Judy. ii. 14. Deut. iv. 27 ; xxvii. 64 ; Neh. i. 9; cvi. 45; Ezek. xvi. 60.--* Psa. cxxxvi. 23. 2 Ver. 34, 35. Jer. ni. 25; xxix. 12, 13; Ezok. iv. 17; vi. 9; xx. 43 ; xxiv, 23 ; Verse 15.- Deut. iv, 31; 2 Kings xiii. 23; Rom. xi. 2. xxxin. 10; xxxvi, 31 ; Hos. v. 15; Zech. x. 9. -"Num. v. 7; a Rom. xi. 28.- Chap. xxii. 33 ; xxv. 38.- Psa. xcviii. 2; 1 Kings viii. 33, 35, 47 ; Neh. ix. 2; Dan. ix. 3,4; Prov. xxviii. Ezek. xx. 9, 14, 22. Chapter xxvii. 34 ; Deut. vi. l; xii. 1; 13; Luke xv, 18; 1 John i. 9.
xxxiij. 4; John i. 17.- ch Chap. xxv. I. Verse 34. Then shall the land enjoy her Sabbaths] presumed it had been fulfilled till then, or else the This Houbigant observes to be a historical truth. captivity would have lasted longer, i. e., till the land “From Saul to the Babylonish captivity are number had enjoyed all its rests, of which it had ever been ed about four hundred and ninely years, during which thus deprived ? period there were seventy Sabbaths of years ; for 7, Verse 38. The land of your enemies shall eat you multiplied by 70, make 490. Now the Babylonish up.) Does this refer to the total loss of the ten tribes ? captivity lasted seventy years, and during that time These are so completely swallowed up in some enemies' the land of Israel rested. Therefore the land rested land, that nothing concerning their existence or place
just as many years in the Babylonish captivity, as it of residence remains but mere conjecture. should have rested Sabbaths if the Jews had observed Verse 44. Neither will I abhor them to destroy them the law relative to the Sabbaths of the land." This utterly] Though God has literally fulfilled all his is a most remarkable fact, and deserves be particu- threatenings upon this people, in dispossessing them larly noticed, as a most literal fulfilment of the pro- of their land, destroying their polity, overturning their phetic declaration in this verse: Then shall the land city, demolishing their temple, and scattering themenjoy her Sabbaths as long as it lieth desolate, and selves over the face of the whole earth; yet he has, yè be in your enemies' land.
in his providence, strangely preserved them as a disMay it not be argued from this that the law con- linct people, and in very considerable numbers also. cerning the Sabbatical year was observed till Saul's He still remembers the covenant of their ancestors, time, as it is only after this period the land enjoyed and in his providence and grace he has some very its rest in the seventy years' captivity? And if that important design in their favour. All Israel shall yet breach of the law was thus punished, may it not be be saved, and, with the Gentiles, they shall all be re