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The order observed by the
tribes in their march.
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to their armies : and over his host 23 And over the host of the An Exod. Isr. 2. was u Nahshon the son of Am tribe of the children of Manas- An. Exod. Isr. 2. Ijar or Zif. minadab. seh was" Gamaliel the son of
Ijar or Zif. 15 And over the host of the tribe of the Pedahzur. children of Issachar was Nethaneel the son of 24 And over the host of the tribe of the
children of Benjamin was Abidan the son of 16 And over the host of the tribe of the chil-Gideoni. dren of Zebulun was Eliab the son of Helon. 25 And the standard of the camp of the - 17 And the tabernacle was taken down; children of Dan set forward, which was the and the sons of Gershon, and the sons of Me- rereward of all the camps throughout their rari, set forward, w bearing the tabernacle. hosts : and over his host was Ahiezer the son
18 And the standard of the camp of Reuben of Ammishaddai. set forward, according to their armies : and 26. And over the host of the tribe of the chilover his host was Elizur the son of Shedeur. dren of Ashur'was Pagiel the son of Ocran.
19 And over the host of the tribe of the 27 And over'the host of the tribe of the chilchildren of Simeon was Shelumiel the son of dren of Naphtali was Ahira the son of. Enan. Zurishaddai.
28 ? Thus were the journeyings of the chil20 And over the host of the tribe of the children of Israel, according to their armies, when dren of Gad was Eliasaph the son of Deuel. they, set forward.
21 And the Kohathites set forward, bearing 29 And Moses said unto Hobab, the son of the y sanctuary : and 2 the other did set up the Raguel, the Midianite, Moses' father-in-law, tabernacle against they came.
We are journeying unto the place of which 22 And “the standard of the camp of the the Lord said, 'I will give it you: come thou children of Ephraim set forward, according with us; and 8 we will do thee good : for the to their armies : and over his host was Eli- LORD hath spoken good concerning Israel. shama the son of Ammihud.
30 And he said unto him, I will not go;
" Chap. i. 7.-Chap. i. 51. - Chap. iv. 24, 31 ; vii. 6, 7, * Chap. ii. 18, 24. Chap. ii. 25, 31 ; Josh. vi, 9. - Heb. 8. - Chap. ii. 10, 16. y Chap. iv. 4, 15; vii. 9. — That these. Chap. ii. 34. ve Exod. ii. 18. - Gen. xii. 7. is, the Gershonites and the Merarites ; see ver. 17; chap. i. 51. & Judg. i. 16; iv. 11. h Gen. xxxii. 12; Exod. jii. 8; vi. 7, 8.
of marching explained at large on chap. ij. - The fol- he has appointed us, trusting in his promise, guided by lowing is the order in which this vast company pro- this presence, and supported by his power. Come thou ceeded in their march:
with us, and we will do thee good.' Those who wish
to enjoy the heavenly inheritance must walk in the JUDAR
way towards it, and associate with the people who are Issachar
going in that way. True religion is ever benevolent. Zebulun
They who know most of the goodness of God are the Gershonites, and
most forward to invite others to partake of that goodMerarites carrying the tabernacle.
That religion which excludes all others from REUBEN
salvation, unless they believe a particular creed, and Simeon
worship in a particular way, is not of God. Even Gad The Kohathites with the sanctuary.
Hobab, the Arab, according to the opinion of Moses,
might receive the same blessings which God had proEPHRAIM
mised to Israel, provided he accompanied them in the Manasseh
same way. Benjamin
The Lord haih spoken good concerning Israel.] The DAN
name Israel is taken in a general sense to signify the Asher
followers of God, and to them all the promises in the Naphtali.
Bible are made. God has spoken good of them, and Verse 29. Moses said unto Hobab] For à circum- he has spoken good to them ; and not one word that stantial account of this person see the notes on Exod. he hath spoken shall fail. Reader, hast thou left thy ii. 15, 16, 18 ; iii. 1; iv. 20, 34; and for the trans- unhallowed connections in life? Hast thou got into the action recorded here, and which is probably out of camp of the Most High? Then continue to follow God its place, see Exod. xviii. 5, where the subject is dis- with Israel, and thou shalt be incorporated in the heacussed at large.
venly family, and share in Israel's benedictions. * We are journeying} God has brought us out of · Verse 30. I will not go; but I will depart loomine thraldom, and we are thus far on our way through the own lønd, and to my kindred.) From the strong exwilderness, travelling towards the place of rest which I postulations in verses 31 and 32, and from Judg. i. 16, Moses entreats Hobab
to accompany them. A: M. 2514. but I will depart to mine own the covenant of the Lord m went A. M. 2514. B. C. 1490.
B. C. 1490. An. Exod. Isr. 2. land, and to my kindred. before them in the three days' An. Exod. Isr. 2. ljar or Zif. • 31 And he said, Leave us not, journey, to search out a resting
Ijar or Zif. I pray thee; forasmuch as thou knowest how place for them. we are to encamp in the wilderness, and thou 34 And the cloud of the LORD was upon mayest be to us ' instead of eyes.
them by day, when they went out of the camp. 32 And it shall be, if thou go with us, -35 And it came to pass, when the ark sel yea, it shall be, that what goodness the forward, that Moses said, •Rise up, LORD, and Lord shall do unto us, the same will we do let thine enemies be scattered; and let them unto thee.
that hate thee flee before thee. 33 And they departed from the mount of 36 And when it rested, he said, Return, O the Lord three days' journey; and the ark of Lord, unto the p many thousands of Israel.
i Job xxix. 15. — Judg. 'i. 16. See Exod. ii. 1. Ezek. xx. 6.-o Exod. xiii. 21; Neh. ix. 12, 19.—Psa. m Deut. i. 33 ; Josh. iii. 3, 4, 6; Psa. cxxxii. 8; Jer. xxxi. 2; lxviii. 1, 2; cxxxii. 8. Heb. ten thousand thousands.
iv. 11, and i Sam. xv: 6, it is likely that Hobab valuable observations on this subject in Harmer, vol. ii., changed his mind; or that, if he did go back to Midian, 286. Instead of, And thou mayest be to us instead he returned again to Israel, as the above scriptures of eyes, the Septuagint translate the passage thus : show that his posterity dwelt among the Israelites in Kav eoy ev mulv #peoBurns, And thou shalt be an elder Canaan. Reader, after having been almost persuaded among us. But Moses probably refers to Hobab's to become a Christian, to take Christ, his cross, his accurate knowledge of the wilderness, - and to the reproach, and his crown, for thy portion, art thou again assistance he could give them as a guide. purposing to go back to thy own land, and to thy kin- Verse 33. The ark-went before them] We find dred? Knowest thou not that this land is the place from ver. 21 that the ark was carried by the Kohatkof destruction—that the children of this world, who are ites in the centre of the army ; but as the army never not taking God for their portion, are going to perdition? | moved" till the cloud was taken up, it is said to go beUp, get thee hence, for the Lord will destroy this place fore them, i. e., to be the first to move, as without this by fire; and all who are not of the kindred and family motion the Israelites continued in their encampments. of Christ shall perish at the brightness of his appearing! Verse 35. Rise up, Lord, and let thine enemies be
Verse 31. Thou mayest be to us instead of eyes.] scattered). If God did not arise in this way and seatBut what need had they'of Hobab, when they had ter his enemies, there could be no hope that Israel the pillar and fire continually to point out their way ? could get safely through the wilderness. God must Answer: The cloud directed their general journeys, go first, if Israel would wish to follow in safety. bu
not their particular excursions. Parties took Verse 36. Return, O Lord, unto the many thouseveral journeys while the grand army lay still. (See sands of Israel.). These were the words spoken by chap. xùi., XX., xxxi., xxxii., &c.) They therefore Moses, at the moment the divisions halted in order to needed such a person as Hobab, who was well ac- pitch their tents. In reference to this subject, and the quainted with the desert, to direct these particular history with which it is connected, the 68th Psalm excursions ; to point them out watering places, and seems to have been composed, though applied by David places where they might meet with fuel, &c., &c. to the bringing the ark from Kirjath-jearim to JerusaWhat man cannot, under the direction of God's pro- lem. See the notes on Psa. Ixviii. Many thousands, vidence, do for 'himself, God will do in the way of literally the ten thouşand thousands. Unless the ark especial mercy. He could have directed them to the went with them, and the cloud of the Divine glory with fountains and to the places of fuel, but Hobab can do it, they could have neither direction nor safety; unthis, therefore let Hobab be employed; and let Hobab less the ark rested with them, and the cloud of glory know for his encouragement that, while he iş serving with it, they could have neither rest nor comfort. others in the way of God's providence, he is securing How necessary are the word of God and the Spirit his own best interests.' On these grounds Hobab of God for the direction, comfort, and defence of every should be invited, and for this reason Hobab should genuine follower of Christ! Reader, pray to God that go. Man cannot do God's work; and God will not thou mayest have both with thee through all the wildo the work which he has qualified and commanded derness, through all the changes and chances of this man to perform. Thus then the Lord is ever seen, mortal life : if thou be guided by his counsel, thou even while he is helping man by man. See some shalt be at last received into his glory.
CHAPTER XI. The people complain, the Lord is displeased, and many of them are consumed by fire, 1. Moses intercedes
for them, and the fire is quenched, 2..- The place is called -Taberah, 3. The mixed multitude long for flesh, and murmur, 4-6. The manna described, 7-9. The people weep in their tents, and the Lord is displeased, 10. Moses deplores his lot in being obliged to hear and bear with all their murmurings, 11-15.
The people murmur for
- CHAP. XI.
want of flesh to eat. He is commanded to bring seventy of the elders to God that he may endue them with the same „spirit, and cause them to divide the burden with him, 16, 17. He is also commanded to inform the people that they shall have flesh for a whole month, 18-20. Moscs expresses his doubt of the possibility of this, 21, 22. The Lord confirms his promise, 23. The seventy men are brought to the tabernacle, 24; and the spirit of prophecy rests upon them, 25. Eldad and Medad stay in the camp and prophesy, 26, 27. Joshua beseeches Moses to forbid them, 28. Moses refuses, 29, 30, A wind from the Lord brings quails to the camp, 31, 39.
While feeding on the flesh, a plague from the Lord falls upon them, and many of them die, 33. The place is called Kibroth-hattaavah, or the graves of lust, 34. They journey to Hazeroth, 35. A. M. 2514.
a when the people com- 5 n Wé remember the fish, A. M. 2514. B. C. 1490.
B. C. 1490. An. Exod. Isr.
plained, ait displeased the which we did eat in Egypt freely; An. Exod. Isr.
LORD: and the LORD heard it; the, cucumbers, and the melons, d and his anger was kindled ; and the fire of and the leeks, and the onions, and the garlic : the LORD burnt among them, and consumed 6 But now our soul is dried away : there them that were in the uttermost parts of the is nothing at all, beside this manna, before our camp.
eyes.' 2 And the people cried unto Moses; and 7 And P the manna was as coriander seed, and when Moses f prayed unto the LORD, the fire the colour thereof as the colour of " bdellium. 8 was quenched.
8. And the people went about, and gathered 3 And he called the name of the place h Ta- it, and ground it in mills, or beat it in a morberah: because the fire of the LORD burnt tar, and baked it in pans, and made cakes of it:
and the taste of it was as the taste of fresh oil. 4 And the i mixed multitude that was among 9. And twhen the dew fell upon the camp in them,fell a lusting: and the children of Israel the night, the manna fell
it. also ! wept again, and said, m Who shall give 10 Then Moses heard the people weep us flesh to eat?
throughout their families, every man in the a Deut. ix. 22. - Or, were as it were complainers. Heb. xii. 38.-- Lk Heb. lusted a lust. _1 Heb. Telurned and wept. it was evil in the ears of, &c. - Psu. lxxviii. 21.
m Psa. lxxviii. 18; cvi. 14; I Cor. x. 6.- Exod. xvi. 3. 2; chap. xvi. 35; 2 Kings i. 12; Psa. coi. 18. " James v. 16. Chap. xxi. 5.-P Exod. xvi. 14, 31. -4 Heb. eye of it as the & Heb. sunk. - That is, a burning ; Deut. ix. 22.- i Aš Exod. eye of Gen. 11. 12. Exod. xvi. 31. Exod. xvi. 13, 14. NOTES ON CHAP. XI.
whatever sort; ceased to act, and the people had Verse 1. And when the people complained] What respite. the cause of this complaining was, we know not. The Verse 4. The mixed multitude] 7090X7 hasaphsuph, conjecture of St. Jerome is probable ; . they complained the collected or gathered people. Such as came out of -because of the length of the way. But surely no Egypt with the Israelites; and are mentioned Exod. people had ever less cause for murmuring; they had xii. 38. This mongrel people, who had comparatively God among them, and miracles of goodness were con- little of the knowledge of God, feeling the difficulties tinually wrought in their behalf.
and fatigues of the journey, were the first to complain ; It displeased the Lord) For his extraordinary and then we find the children of Israel joined them in kindness was lost on such an ungrateful and rebellious their complainings, and made a common cause with people. And his anger was kindled—Divine justice these demi-infidels. was necessarily incensed against such inexcusable Verse 5, We remember, fc.] The choice aliments conduct.
which those murmurers complained of having lost by And the fire of the Lord burnt among them) Either their leaving Egypt, were the following : fish, cucuma supernatural fire was sent for this occasion, or the bers, melons, leeks, onions, and garlic. A European lightning was commissioned against them, or God may smile at such delicacies; but delicacies they were smote them with one of those hot suffocating winds in that country. Their fish is excellent ; their cucumwhich are very common in those countries.
bers and water melons Kighly salubrious and refreshing ; And consumed-in the uttermost parts of the camp.] and their onions, garlic, &c., exquisitely flavoured, It pervaded the whole camp, from the centre to the differing as much from vegetables of the same species circumference, carrying death with it to all the mur-, in these northern climes as a bad turnip does from murers ; for we are not to suppose that it was con- a, good apple. In short, this enumeration takes in fined to the uttermost parts of the camp, unless we almost all the commonly attainable delicacies in those could imagine that there were none culpable any where countries. else. If this were the same with the case mentioned Verse 7. The manna was as coriander seed] Prover. 4, then, as it is possible that the mixed multitude bably this short description is added to show the inioccupied the outermost parts of the camp, consequently quity of the people in murmuring, while they had so the burning might have been confined to them. adequate a provision. But the baseness of their minds
Verse 2. The fire ivas quenched.] : Was sunk, or appears in every part of their conduct. swallowed up, as in the margin. The plague, of About the bdellium of the ancients the learned are
A. M. 2514.
A. M. 2514.
Moses complains to the Lord.
NUMBERS. Flesh is promised to the people. door of his tent; and the anger 17 And I will come down and An. Exod. Isr., of the Lord was kindled greatly; talk with thee there and I will
An. Exod. Isr. Moses also was displeased. take of the spirit' which is upon 11 And Moses said unto the LORD, Where- thee, and will put it upon them; and they fore hast thou afflicted thy servant ? and where shall bear the burden of the people with thee, fore have I not found favour in thy sight, that that thou bear it not thyself alone. thou layest the burden of all this people upon. 18 And say thou unto the people, - Sanctify me ?
yourselves against to-morrow, and ye shall eat 12 Have I conceived all this people ? have flesh; for ye have wept i in the ears of the I begotten them, that thou shouldest say unto Lord, saying, Who shall give us flesh to eat? me, " Carry them in thy bosom, as a ' nursing " for it was well with us in Egypt: therefore father beareth the sucking child, unto the land the LORD will give you flesh, and ye shall eat. which thou y swarest unto their fathers ? 19 Ye shall not eat one day, nor two days,
13 - Whence should I have flesh to give unto nor five days, neither ten days, nor twenty days; all this people.? for they weep unto me, say
20. But even a n whole month, until it come ing, Give us flesh, that we may eat.
out at your nostrils, and it be loathsome unto 14 • I am not able to bear all this people you : because that ye have despised the LORD alone, because it is too heavy for me. which is among you, and have wept before
15 And if thou deal thus with me, b kill me, him, saying, Why came we forth out of I pray theė, out of hand, if I have found Egypt? favour in thy sight; and let me not ? see my
21 And Moses said, • The people, among wretchedness.
whom I am, are six hundred thousand footmen; 16 And the LORD said unto Moses, Gather and thou hast said, I will give them flesh, that unto med seventy men of the elders of Israel, they may eat a whole month. whom thou knowest to be the elders of the 22 Shall the flocks and the herds be slain people, and officers over them; and bring for them, to suffice them ? or shall all the fish them unto the tabernacle of the congregation, of the sea be gathered together for them, to that they may stand there with thee.
u Psa. lxxviii. 21. - Deut. i. 12. - Isa. xl. ll.
6 1 Sam. x. 6; 2 Kings ii. 15; Neh. ix. 20; Isa. xliv.3; Joel xlix. 23 ; 1 Thess. ii. 7. --y Gen. xxvi. 3; 1. 24 ; Exod. xii. 5. 1. 28. wh Exod. xix. 10.-i Exod. xvi. 7.- Ver. 5; Acts z Matt. xv. 33 ; Mark viii. 4.- Exod. xviii. 18. - See vii. 39. Psa. lxxvifi. 29; cvi, 15. _m Heb. month of days. 1 Kings. xix. 4; Jonah iv.3. --_ Zeph. iii. 15. d See Exod. a Chap. xxi. 5.-Gen. xii. 2; Erod. xii. 37; wxviii. 96; xxiv. 1, 9. Le Deut. xvi. 18.- Ver. 25; Gen. xi. 5; xviii. chap. i. 46.-—p See 2 Kings vii. 2; Matt, xv. 33; Mark vin. #; 21; Exod. xix, 20.
John. vi. 7, 9.
not agreed; and I shall not trouble the reader with some particular office, should lose those gifts which conjectures. See the note on Gen, ii. 12. Concern- he either undervalues or refuses to employ for God in ing the manna, see the notes on Exod. xvi.
the way appointed'? Is there not much reason to Verses 11-15. The complaint and remonstrance believe that many cases have occurred where the of Moses in these verses serve at once to show the spiritual endowments of particular persons have been deeply, distressed state of his mind, and the degrada-, taken away and given to others who made a better tion of the minds of the people. We have already use of them? Hence the propriety of that exhortaseen that the slavery they had so long endured had tion, Rev. iii. 11: Hold that fast which thou hast, served to debase their minds, and to render them in- that no man take thy crown. capable of every high and dignified sentiment, and of The gracious God never called a man to perform a every generous act.
work without furnishing him with adequate strength; Verse 17. I will take of the spirit which is upon thee) and to refuse to do it on the pretence of inability is From this place Origen and Theodoret take occasion little short of rebellion against God. to compare Moses to a lamp, at which seventy others This institution of the seventy persons to help were lighted, without losing any of its brightness. To Moses the rabbins consider as the origin of their grand convince Moses that God had sufficiently qualified council called the Sanhedrin. But we find that a him for the work which he had given him to do, he council of seventy men, elders of Israel, had existed tells him that of the gifts and graces which he has among the people a year before this time. See Exod. given him he will qualify seyenty persons to bear the xxiv. 9;' see the advice given by Jethro to Moses, charge with him.
This was probably intended as a Exod. xviii. 17, &c., and the notes there. gracious reproof. Query. Did not Moses lose a mea- Verse 22. Shall the flocks and the herds be slain) sure of his gifts in this business? And is it not right There is certainly a considerable measure of weakness that he whom God has called to and qualified for and unbelief manifested in the complaints and questions
Eldad and Medad
prophesy in the camp. A. M. 2514. 23 And the LORD" said unto 26 But there remained two of A. M: 2514. B. C. 1490. An. Exod. Isr. Moses, 9 Is the Lord's hand the men in the camp, the name An. Exod. Isr. 2.
waxed short ? thou shalt see now of the one was Eldad, and the whetherr my ward shall come to pass unto name of the other Medad : and the spirit rested thee or not.
upon them : and they were of them that were 24 And Moses went out, and told the people written, but : w went not out unto the tabernathe words of the LORD, and gathered the cle: and they prophesied in the camp. seventy men of the elders of the people, and 27 And there 'ran a young man, and told set them round about the tabernacle. Moses, and said, Eldad and Medad do pro
-25 And the LORD came down in a cloud, phesy in the camp. and spake unto him, and took of the spirit that 28 And-Joshua the son of Nun, the servant was upon him, and gave it unto the seventy of Moses,,one of his young men, answered and -elders: and it came to pass, that, " when the said, My lord Moses, * forbid them. spirit rested upon them, they prophesied, and 29 And Moses said unto him, Enviest thou did not cease.
for my sake? y would God that all the LORD's
9 Isa. 1. 2; lix. 1. Chap. xxiii. 19"; Ezek. xii. 25; xxiv. 14. 1 Cor. xiv. 1, &c.- -- See 1 Sam. xx. 26; Jer. xxxvi. 5. -Ver. 16.-Ver. 17; chap. xii. 5. - See 2 Kings ii: 15. * See Mark ix. 38; Luke ix. 49; John iii. 26.-yl Cor. v See 1 Sam. x.5,6,10; xix. 20, 21, 23; Joel it. 29; Acts ii. 17, 18; xiv. 5.
of Moses on this occasion ; but his conduct appears at work out of regular order. And if the aci be good the same time so very simple, honest, and affectionate, and the effects good, we have no right to question the that we cannot but admire it, while we wonder that he motive nor to forbid the work. . What are order and had not stronger confidence in that God whose mira- regularity in the sight of man may be disorder and cles he had so often witnessed in Egypt.
confusion in the sight of God, and vice versa. John Verse 23. Is the Lord's hand waxed short ?) Hast wished to prevent a man from casting out demons in thou forgotten the miracles which I have already per- the name of Jesus, because he did not follow Christ formed? or thinkest thou that my power is decreased ? in company with the disciples. Our Lord's conduct The power that is unlimited can never be diminished. in that case should regulate ours in all similar ones ;
Verse 25, When the spirit rested upon them, they see Lukę ix. 49, 5.0. prophesied) By prophesying here we are to understand A late eminent divine and poet has made a good their performing those civil and sacred functions for use of this transaction to illustrate that species of Diwhich they were qualified ; exhorting the people to vine call to the ministry, so instrumental in the salvaquiet and peaceable submission, to trust and confidence tion of myriads, which some have decried, because in the goodness and providence of God, would make it appeared to them irregular, and not authorized by no small part of the duties of their new office. The the hierarchy of the nation. , I shall give this piece, ideal meaning of the word xa) naba is to pray, entreat, not for the amusement but the instruction of the &c. The prophet is called '3) nabi, because he reader :prays, supplicates, in reference to God; exhorts, en- Verse 27. Eldad and Medad do prophesy, fc.] treats, in reference to man. See on Gen. xx: 7.
ELDAD, they said, and MeDad there, Verse 27. Eldad and Medad do prophesy] These,
Irregularly bold, it seems, made two of the seventy elders ; they were By Moses uncommission'd, dare written, though they went not out to the tabernacle ;
A separate meeting hold ! they were enrolled as of the elders, but went not to And still whom none. but heaven will own, meet God at the tabernacle, probably at that time pre
Men whom the world decry, vented by some legal hinderance, but they continued Men authorized by God alone, in the camp using their new fụnction in exhorting the
Presume to prophesy! people.
Verse 28. My lord Moses, forbid them.) Verse 28. My lord Moses, forbid them.] Joshua "How often have I blindly doño was afraid that the authority and influence of his mas.
What zealous Joshua did, ter Moses might be lessened by the part Eldad and Impatient to the rulers run, Medad were taking in the government of the people,
And cried, “ My lords, forbid ! which might ultimately excite sedition or insurrection Silence the schismatics, constrain
Their thoughts with ours t’ agree, Verse 29. Enviest thou for my sake ?f Art thou And sacrifice the souls of men jealous of their influence only on my account? "I am
To idol UnĽTY!” not alarmed ; on the contrary; I would to God that all Verse 29. Enviest thou for my sake' }] his people were endued with the same influence, and Moses, the minister of God, actuated by the same motives.
Rebukes our partial love, Persons may be ander the especial direction of Who envy at the gifts bestow'd grace and providence while apparently performing a
On those we disapprovę.