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the camp.

Directions concerning different NUMBERS

offerings and sacrifices A. M. 2514. the son of Jephunneh, which were you; that ye be not smitten- A. M. 2514. B. C. 1490. An. Exod. Isn of the men that went to search before your enemies.

An. Exod. lsr. the land, lived still.

43: For the Amalekites and the * 39 And Moses told these-sayings unto all Canaanites are there before you,


shall the children of Israel : " and the people mourn- fall by the sword : '* because ye are turned ed greatly.

away from the Lord, therefore the LORD will 40 And they rose up early in the morning, not be with you. and gat them up into the top of the mountain, 44 « But they presumed to go up unto the saying, Lo, we be here, and will go up unto hill top: nevertheless the ark of the covenant the place which the Lord hath promised: for of the Lord, and Moses, departed not out of we have sinned.

41 And Moses said, Wherefore now do ye 45 Then the Amalekites came down, and transgress P the commandment of the LORD ? the Canaanites which dwelt in that bill, and but it shall not prosper.

smote them, and discomfited them, even unto 42 4 Go not up, for the Lord is not among u Hormali. * Exod. xxxiii. 4. Deut. 1:41.- Ver. 25; 2 Chron. xxiv. r 2 Chron. xxiv. 2. Deut. i. 43.- Ver. 43; Deut. i. 41. 20,-- Deut. i. 42.

Chap. xxi. 3 ; Judg. i. 17. followed God fully. Let preachers of God's word lake with them. How vain is the counsel of man against heed how they straiten the way of salvation, or render, the wisdom of God! Nature, poor, fallen human by unjust description, that way perplexed and difficult nature, is ever running into extremes.. This miserable which God has made plain and easy.

people, a short time ago, thought that though they had Verse 40. We will go up unto the place, fc.) They Omnipotence with them they could not conquer and found themselves on the very borders of the land, and possess the land ! Now they imagine that though they heard God say they should not enter it, but should God himsell go not with them, yet they shall be suffibe consumed by a furty years' wandering in the wilder- cient to drive out the inhabitants, and take possession ness; notwithstanding, they are determined to render of their country! Man is ever supposing he can eitber vain this purpose of God, probably supposing that the do all things or do nothing; he is therefore sometemporary sorrow they felt for their late rebellion times presumpluous, and at other times in despair. would be accepted as a sufficient atonement for their Who but an apostle, or one under the influence of the crimes! They accordingly went up, and were cut same Spirit, can say, I can do ALL THINGS THROUGH down by their enemies; and why? God went not Christ who strengtheneth-me.?.


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CHAPTER XV., Directions concerning the different offerings they should bring unto the Lord when they should come to the

land of Canaan, 1–3. Directions relative to the meat-offering, 4 ;, to the drink-offering, 5. of the burnioffering, vow-offering, peace-offering, drink-offering, gc., 6–12. All born in the country must perform these rites, 13, and the strangers also, 14–16. They shall offer unto the Lord a heare-offering of the first-fruits of the land, 17-21, Concerning omissions through ignorance, and the sacrifices, to be offered on such occasions, 22–29. He whoʻsins presumptuously shall be cut off, 30, 31. History of the person who gathered sticks on the Sabbath, 32. He is brought to Moses and Aaron, 33. They put him in confinement till the mind of the Lord should be known on the case, -34. The Lord commands him to be stoned, 35. He is stoned to death, 36. The Israelites are commanded to make fringes to the borders of their

garments, 37, 38. The end for which these fringes were to be made, that they might remember the commandments of the Lord, that they might be holy, 39-41. A. M. 2514. ND the LORD spake unto into the land of your habitations, A. M. 314

B. C. 1490.
An. Exod. Isr. Moses, saying,

which I give unto you,

An. Exod. Isr. 2 Speak unto the children of 3 And will make an offering Israel, and say unto them, When ye be come by fire unto the Lord, a burnt-offering, or a a Ver. 18; Lev. xxiii. 10; Deut. vii. 1.

• Lev. i. 2.-3. NOTES ON CHAP. XV.

affording those conveniences which were necessary to Verse 2. When ye come into the land] Some the complete observance of the Divine worship in this learned men are of opinion that several offerings pre- and several other respects. scribed by the law were not intended to be made in the Verse 3. And will make an offering] For the different wilderness, but in the promised land; the former not I kinds of offerings sacrifices, &c., see Lev. i. 2, and vü.


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Of the meat-offering, drink-offering, CHAP. XV. burnt-offering, heave-offering, d.c

sacrifice in a performing a vow, these things after this manner, in
or in a freewill-offering, or • in offering an offering made by fire, An. Exod. Isr.

your solemn feasts, to make a of a sweet savour unto the LORD. sweet savour unto the Lord, of the herd, or 14 And if a stranger sojourn withi you, or of the flock:

whosoever be among you in your generations, 4 Then 8 shall he that offereth his offering and. will offer an offering made by fire, of a unto the Lord bring ba meat-offering of a sweet savour unto the Lord; 'as ye do, so he tenth deal of four mingled i with the fourth shall do. part of a hin of oil.

15 4 One ordinance shall be both for


of 5 k And the fourth part of a hin of wine for the congregation, and also for the stranger that å drink-offering shalt thou prepare with the sojoumeth with you, an ordinance for ever in burnt-offering or sacrifice, for one lamb. your generations : as ye are, so shall the stran

6 Or for a ram, thou shalt prepare for a ger be before the LORD. meat-offering, two tenth deals of flour mingled -16 One law and one manner shall be for with the third part of a hin of oil.

you, and for the stranger that, sojourneth with 7 And for a drink-offering thou shalt offer you. the third part of a hin of wine, for a sweet 17 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, savour anto the Lord.

18 Speak unto the children of Israel, and : 8 And when thou preparest a bullock for a say unto them, When ye come into the land burnt-offering, or for a sacrifice in performing whither I bring you, a vow, or peace-offerings unto the Lord : :·19 Then it shall be, that, when ye’eat of

9 Then shall he bring with a bullock a the bread of the land, ye shall offer up a heavemeat-offering of three tenth deals of flour offering unto the LORD, mingled with half a hin of oil.

20 Ye shall offer up a cake of the first of 10. And thou shalt bring for a drink-offering your dough for a heavé-offering : as ye do half a hin of wine, for an offering made by the heave-offering of the threshing-floor, so fire, • of a sweet savour unto the Lord.; shall ye heave it.

11 Thus shall it be done for one bullock, 21 Of the first of your dough ye shall give or for one ram, or for a lamb, or a kid.: unto the Lord a heave-offering in your gene

12. According to the number that ye shall rations. prepare, so shall ye do to every one according 22 And if ye have erred, and not observed to their number.

all these commandments, which the Lord hath 13 All that are born of the country shall do spoken unto Moses, .

c Lev. vii. 16; xxii. 18, 21.- -d Heb. separating ; Lev. xxvii. Chap. xxviii. 7, 11.- Chap. xxviii. 12, 14. um Lev. vii. 2.- Lev. xxiji. 8, 12, 36 ; chap. xxviii. 19, 27 ; xxix. 2, 8, 13; 11.– Chap. xxviii. 12, 14.- Ecclus. 1. 15. - Chapter Deut. xvi. 10. Gen. vr. 21; Exod. xxix. 19. Lev. ii. xxviii. -9 Ver. 29; Exod. xii. 49; cha). ix. 14.

_ Verse 2; 1 ; vi. 14. —Exod. xxix. 40; Lev. xxiii. 13. i Lev.xiv. 10; Deut. xxvi. 1.

-Josh. v. 11, 12. - Deut: xxvi. 2, 10; Prov. chap. xxviii, 5.

n. 9, 10. — Lev. ii. 14 ; xxiii. 10, 16.- - Lev. iv. 2.

Verse 5. The fourth part of a hin) The quantity gers—all that came to sojourn' in the land, were reof meal and flour was augmented in proportion to the quired to conform to it;' and it was right that those size of the sacrifice with which it was offered. With who did conform to it should have equal rights and a LAMB or a kid were offered one tenth deal of flour, privileges with the Hebrews themselves, which we (the tenth part of an ephah, see on Exod. xxix. 40,) find was the case. But under the Christian dispensathe fourth part of a hin of oil, and the fourth part of a tion, as no particular form of worship is prescribed, hin of wine. With a ram, two tenth deals of flour, a the types and ceremonies of the Mosaic institution third part of a hin of oil, and a third part of a hin of being all fulfilled, unlimited toleration should be alvoine. With a BULLOCK, three tenth deals of flour, half lowed ; and while the sacred writings are made the a hin of oil, and half a hin of wine. See ver. 4-11. basis of the worship offered to God, every man should

Verse 14. If a stranger sojourn} See the notes on be allowed to worship, according to his own conLev. xix. 33 ; xxii. 9. When the case of the Jewish science, for in this respect every one is people is fairly considered, and their situation with

" Lord of hinself, accountable to none respect to the surrounding idolatrous nations, we shall see the absolute necessity of having'bat one form of

But to his conscience and his God alone.”. worship in the land. That alone was genuine which Verse 20. Ye shall offer the first of your dough) was prescribed by the Almighty, and no others could Concerning the offerings of first-fruils, see the notes be tolerated, because they were idolairous. All stran-Ion Exod. xxii. 29.


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Of sins through ignorance.


Case of the Sabbath-breaker. 23 Even all that the Lord hath 29 e Ye shall have one law commanded you by the hand of for him that sinneth through ig- An. Exod. Isr.

Moses, from the day that the norànce, both for him that is born Lord commanded Moses, and henceforward among the children of Israel, and for the among your generations ;

stranger that sojourneih among them. 24 Then it shall be, w if aught be committed 30 & But the soul that doeth -aught preby ignorance, * without the knowledge of the sumptuously, whether he be born in thre congregation, that all the congregation shall land, or a siranger, the same reproacheth the offer one young bullock for a burnt-offering, LORD'; and that soul shall be cut off from for a sweet savour unto the LORD, Y with his among his people. meat-offering, and his drink-offering, according 31. Because he hath i despised the word of to the manner, and one kid of the goats for the LORD, and hath broken his commandment, a sin-offering.

that soul shall ulterly be cut off ; * his iniquity 25 6 And the priest shall make an atonement shall be upon him. for all the congregation of the children of Is- 32. And while the children of Israel were in rael, and it shall be forgiven them; for it is the wilderness, they found a man that gatherignorance : and they shall bring their offering, ed sticks upon the Sabbath day. a sacrifice made by fire unto the Lord, and 33 And they that found him gathering sticks their sin-offering before the LORD, for their brought him unto Moses and Aaron, and unto ignorance :

all the congregation.

7 26 And it shall be forgiven all the congrega- 34 And they put him min ward, because it tion of the children of Israel, and the stranger was not declared what should be done to him. that sojourneth among them ; seeing all the 35. And the Lord said unto Moses, n The people were in ignorance.

man shall be surely put to death: all the con27 And · if any soul sin through ignorance, gregation shall • stone him with stones without then he shall bring a she-goat of the first year the camp. for a sin-offering.

36 And all the congregation brought him 28 d And the priest shall make an atonement without the camp, and stoned him with stones, for the soul that sinneth ignorantly, when he and he died; as the Lord commanded Moses. sinneth by ignorance before the Lord, to make 37 And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying, an atonement for him, and it shall be for- 38 Speak unto the children of Israel, and bid given him.

p them that they make them fringes in the bor

w Lev. iv. 13.--Heb. from the eyes.- -y Ver. 8, 9, 10. Heb, with a high hand. -i 2 Sam. xii, 9; Prov. xiii. 13. z Or, ordinance.- _a See. Lev. iv. 23; chap. xxviii. 15; Ezra vi. *Lev. v. 1 ; Ezek. xviii. 20.- Exod. xxxi. 14, 15; XXV. 17; viii. 35.- bLev. iv. 20.- -c Lev. iv. 27, 28. La Lev. iv, 2, 3,

_mn Lev. xxiv. 12. n Exod. xxxi. 14, 15.- Ler, 35. Le Ver. 15. —Heb. doth.

:- Deat. xvii. 12; Psa. xix. xxiv. 14; 1 Kings xxi. 13; Acts vii. 58, Deut. xxii. 12; 13; Heb. x. 26; 1 Pet. ii. 10.

Matt. xxii. 5.

Verse 24. If aught be committed by ignorance) See bably a case similar to that mentioned Heb. vi. 4-8; the notes on Lev. iv. 2, and v. 17. The case here x. 26–31; on which passages see the notes. probably refers to the whole congregation; the cases Verse 32. They found a man that gathered sticks above, to the sin of an individual.

upon the Sabbath] This was in all likelihood a case Verse 25. The priest shall make an atonement) of that kind supposed above : the man despised theEven sins committed through ignorance required an word of the Lord, and therefore broke his commandatonement; and God in his mercy has provided one ment ; see ver. 31. On this ground he was punished for them,

with the utmost rigour of the law. Verse 30. But the soul that doeth aught presump- Verse 36. Stoned him) See the note on Ler. tuously] Bold daring acts of transgression against the xxiv. 23. fullest evidence, and in despite of the Divine authority, Verse 38. Bid them-make them fringes] We learn admitted of no atonement; the person was to be cut from ver. 39 that these fringes were emblematical of off-to be excluded from God's people, and from all the various commands of God. That there was any their privileges and blessings.

analogy between a fringe and a precept, it would be Probably the presumption mentioned here implied bold to assert; but when a thing is appointed to reprean utter contempt of the word and authority of God, sent another, no matter how different, that first object springing from an idolatrous or atheistical mind. In becomes the regular representative or sign of the other. such a case all repentance was precluded, because of There is no, analogy between the term bread and the the denial of the word and being of God. It is pro- farinaceous nutsitive substance thereby signified; but

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The rebellion of Korah


and has companions. ders of their garments throughout your own eyes, after which ye

their generations, and that they use ' to go a whoring : 2.

put upon the fringe of the bora 40 That ye may remember, ders a ribbon of blue :.

and do all my commandments, and be s holy 39 And it shall be unto you for a fringe, unto your God. that ye may look upon it, and remember all 41 I am the Lord your God, which brought the commandments of the Lord, and do them; you out of the land of Egypt, to be your God: and that ye I seek not after your own heart and I am the LORD your


4 See Deut. xxix. 19; Job xxxi. 7; Jer. ix. 14; Ezek. vi. 9.

Psa. lxxiii, 27 ; cvi, 39; James iv. 4..

Lev. xi. 44, 45; Rom. xii. 1; Col. i. 22; 1 Pet.

i. 15, 16.

because this term is used to express and represent that bring to mind the commandments of God, ver. 39, the thing, every person thus understands it; and when the mention or sight of them conveyed the intelligence word bread is seen or heard, a perfect knowledge, not intended. All the Jews wore thèse, and so probably of the letters which compose that word, but of the did our Lord; see Matt. ix. 20, where the word kpaothing signified by it, is conveyed to the mind. So the Fedov is rather to be understood of the fringe than of fringes, being appointed by God to represent and the hem of his garment,

cir. 20.

cir. 20.

CHAPTER XVI. The rebellion of Korah and his company against Moses, 1-3. He directs them how to try, in the course of

the next day, whom God had called to the priesthood, 4-11.' Dathan and Abiram use the most seditious speeches, 12–14. Moses is wroth, 15; and orders Korah and his company to be ready on the morrow with their censers and incense, 16-18. Korah gathers his company together, 19. The glory of the Lord appears, and he threatens to consume them, 20, 21. Moses and Aaron intercede for them, 22. The people are commanded to leave the tents of the rebels, 23–26. They obey, and Korah and his company come out and stand before the door of their tents, 27. Moses in a solemn address puts the contention to issue, 28-30. As soon as he had done speaking, the earth clave and swallowed them, and all that apper. tained to them, 31-34; and the 250 men who offered incense are consumed by fire, 35. The Lord commands Eleazar to preserve the censers, because they were hallowed, 36–38. Eleazar makes of them a * covering for the altar, 39, 40. The next day the people muşmůr aneio, the glory of the Lord appears,

and Moses and Aaron go to the tabernacle, 41-43. They are commanded to separate themselves from the congregation, 44, 45. Moses, perceiving that God had sent a plague among them, directs Aaron to hasten and make an atonement, 46. Aaron does so, and the plague is stayed, 47, 48.. The number of those who died by the plague, 14;700 men, 49, 50. . . cir: 1573. NOW.Korah, the son of Izhar, tain of the children of Israel, two 4. M. cir

. 2533

. An. Exod. Isr. the son of Kohatḥ, the son hundred and fifty princes of the An. Exod. Isr.

of Levi, and Dathan and Abiram, assembly, famous in the congrethe sons of Eliab, and On, the son of Peleth, gation, men of renowņ: sons of Reuben, took men:

3 And they'gathered themselves together 2 And they rose up before Moses, with cer- against Moses and against Aaron, and said a Exod, vi. 21 ; chap. xxvi. 9; xxvii. 3; Ecclus. xlv, 18 ; Jude 11. 6 Gen. vi. 4; chap. xxvi. 9.-— Psa. cvi. 16. NOTES ON CHAP. XVI.

SON OF Reuben; and they rose up, &c. This makes Verse 1. Now Korah-took men] Had not these a very regular and consistent sense, and spares all the been the most brutish of men, could they have possi- learned labour, of Father Houbigant, who translates bly so soon forgotten the signal displeasure of God op yikkach, by rebellionem fecerunt, they rebelled, manifested against them so lately for their rebellion. which scarcely any rule of criticism can ever justify. The word men is not in the original ; and the verb Instead of pay sa beney Reuben, sons of Reuben, np' vaiyikkach, and he took, is not in the plural but some MSS. have pa hen, son, in the singular ; this readthe singular, hence it cannot be applied to the act of ing, supported by the Septuagint and the Samaritan all these chiefs. In every part of the Scripture where texts I have followed in the above translation. But this rebellion is referred to it is attributed to Korah, as Eliab and Peleth were both Reubenites, the com, (see chap. xxvi. 3, and Jude, ver. 11,) therefore the mon reading, sons, may be safely followed. verb here belongs to him, and the whole verse should Verse 3. Ye take too much upon you] The oribe translated thus :-Now Korah, son of Yitsar, son ginal is simply. 35.27 rab lachem, too much for you. of Kohath, son of Levi, HE TOOK even Dathan and The spirit of this saying appears to me to be the folAbiram, the sons of Eliab, and On, son of Pelethy lowing :

-Holy offices are not equally distributed : Korah and his associates prepare


incense to offer to the Lord.

cir. 20.

cir. 20

A. M. cir. 2533. unto them, & Ye take too much 12 And Moses sent to call A. M. cir. 2533. B. C. cir. 1471.

B:C, cir. 1471. An. Exod. Isr. upon you, seeing .e all the con- Dathan and Abiram, the sons of

An. Exod. Isr gregation are holy, every one of Eliab: which said, We will not them, and the Lord is among them : where- come up :/ fore then lift ye up yourselves above the con- 13 Isit a small thing that thou hast brought gregation of the LORD ?

us up out of a land that floweth with milk 4 And when Moses heard it, she fell upon and honey, to kill us in the wilderness, exhis face :

cept thou. P make thyself altogether a prince 5 And he spake unto Korah and unto all his over us? company, saying, Even to-morrow the LORD 14 Moreover thou hast not brought us into will show who are his, and who is hholy; and 9 a land that floweth with milk and honey, or will cause him to.come near unto himn : even given us inheritance of fields' and vineyards : him whom he hath i chosen will he cause to wilt thou ' put out the eyes of these men ? we k come ñear unto him.

will not come úp. -6 This do: Take you censers, Korah, and 15 And Moses was very wroth, and said all his company;

unto the LORD, $ Respect not thou their offer 7 And put fire therein, and put incense in ing : * I have not taken one ass from them, them before the LORD to-morrow': and it shah neither have I hurt one of them. be that the man whom the LORD doth choose, 16 And Moses said unto Korah, Be thou he shall be holy: ye take too much apon you, and all thy company'' before the LORD, thou, ye sons of Levi.

and they, and Aaron, to-morrow 8 And Moses said unto Korah, Hear, I pray 17 And take every man his censer, and put you, ye sons of Levi:

incense in them, and bring ye before the Lord 9 Seemeth it but la small thing unto you, every. man his censer, two hundred and fifty that the God of Israel hath separated you censers; thou also, and Aaron, each of you from the congregation of Israel, to bring you his censer. near to himself, to do the service of the tabér- 18 And they took every man his censer, and nacle of the Lord, and to stand before the put fire in them, and laid incense thereon, congregation to minister unto them?

and stood in the door of the tabernacle of the 10 And he hath brought thee near to him, congregation with Moscs and Aaron. and all thy brethren the sons of Levi with 19 And Korah gathered all the congregation thee : and seek ye the priesthood also ? against them unto the door of the tabernacle

11 For which cause both thou and all thy of the congregation : and the glory of the company are gathered together against the Lord appeared unto all the congregation. Lord : n and what is- Aaron, that ye murmur 20 And the Lord spake unto Moses and unto against him?

Aaron, saying, d Heb. it is much for you.

Le Exod. xix. 6. | Exod. xxix. Chap. iii. 41, 43; viii. 14; Deut. x. 8. Exod. xvi. 8; 45.; chap. xiv. 14 ; xxxv. 34. - Chap. xiv. 5; xx. 6.- Ver. 1 Cor. iii. 5.- • Ver, 9.- -P Exod. ii, 14; Acts vii. 27, 35. 3; Lev. xxi, 6, 7, 8, 12, 15. - Exod. xxviii. l; chap, xvii. 5; Exod. ül. 8; Lev. xx. 24.- Heb. bore out.

- Gen. ix. 4, i Sam. ii. 28 ; Psa. cv. 26. ok Chap. iii. 10; Lev. 2.3; xxi. 5. Il Sam. xiii. 3; Acts xx. 33; 2 Cor, vii. 2.- - Ver. 6, 7. 17, 18; Ezek. xl. 46; xliv. 15, 16.—1 Sam, xviii. 23 ; 1 Sam. xii. 3, 7.- " Ver. 42; Exod. xvi. 7, 10; Ley. ix. 6, Isa. vii. 13.

23; chap. xiv. 10. you arrogate to yourselves the most important ones, rebellions, intrusions, and false doctrines of men; havas if your superior holiness entitled you alone to them; ing this seal—this stamp of its Divine authenticity, whereas all the congregation are holy, and have an | The Lord knoweth them that are his; eyvu Kvplog Tous equal right with you to be employed in the most holy ovraç avrov; a literal translation of ih nosi 11 yt" services.” Moses retorts this saying ver 7: Ye take veyoda Yehovah eth asher lo; and both signifying, loo, much upon you, as a 7 rab lachem; Ye have too The Lord approveth of his own; or, will own that múch already, ye sons of Levi ; i. e., by your present which is of his own appointment. And let every one spirit and disposition you prove yourselves to be wholly. that nameth the name of Christ depart from iniquity, unworthy of any spiritual employment.

alluding to the exhortation of Moses, ver. 26 : Depart, Verse 5. The Lord will show who are his] It is I pray you, from the tents of these wicked men, supposed that St. Paul refers to this place, 2 Tim. ii. : Verse 15. Respect not thou their offering] There 19 : The foundation of Godthe whole sacrificial was no danger of this : they wished to set up a priestsystem, referring to Christ Jesus, the foundation of the hood and á sacrificial systent of their own; and God salvation of men'; standeth sure, notwithstanding the never has blessed, and never can bless, any scheme

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