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The earth opens and swallows CHAP. XVI.

them and their households. A. M. cir. 2533. 21 Separate yourselves from all men, or if they be visited 4. M. cir. 2533. B. C. cir. 1471.

B. C. cir. 1471. An Exod. Ise among this congregation, that after the visitation of all men ;

An. Exod. Isr. cir. 20. consume them in a then the Lord hath not sent me.

çir. 20. moment.

30 But if the Lord make a new thing, 22 And they 2. fell upon their faces, and said, and the earth open her mouth, and swallow O God, 4 the God of the spirits of all flesh, them up, with all that appertain unto them, shall one man sin, and wilt thou be-wroth with and they i go down quick into the , pit; then all the congregation ?

ye shall understand that these men have pro23 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, voked the Lord. 24 Speak unto the congregation, saying, Get 31 « And it came to pass, as he had made an you up from about the tabernacle of Korah, end of speaking all these, words, that the Dathan, and Abiram.

ground clave asunder that was under them : 25 And. Moses rose up and went unto. Da- 32 And the earth opened her mouth, and than and Abiram; and the elders of Israel swallowed them up, and their houses, and followed him.

1 all the men that appertained unto Korah, 26 And he spake unto the congregation, say- and all their goods. ing, Depart, I pray you, from the tents of 33 They, and all that appertained to them, these wicked men, and touch nothing of theirs, went down alive into the pit, and the earth lest ye be consumed in all their sins. closed upon them : and they perished from

27 So they gat up from the tabernacle of among the congregation Korah, Dathan, and Abiram, on every side : 34 And all. Israel that were round about and Dathan and Abiram came out, and stood them fled at the cry of them : for they said, in the door of their tents, and their wives, and Lest the earth swallow us up also. their sons, and their little children.

35 And there came out a fire from the 28 And Moses said, . Hereby ye shall know LORD, and consumed the two hundred and that the Lord hath sent me to do all these fifty men that offered incense. works; for I have not done them d of mine 36 And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying, own mind.

37 Speak-unto Eleazar the son of Aaron the 29 If these men die e the common death of priest, that he take up the censers out of the Ver. 45; see Gen. xix. 17, 22; Jer. li. 6; Acts it. 40; Rev.

e Heb. as every man dieth. 1 Exod. xx.5; xxxii. 34; Job xxxv. xviii. 4. -y Ver. 45; Exod. xxxii. 10; xxxiii. 5.

- Ver. 45,; 15; Isa. x. 3 ; Jer. v. :: chap. xiv. 5.—Chap. xxvii. 16 ; Job xii. 10; Ecclus, xii, 7 h Job xxxi. 3; Isa. xxviii

. 21. — Ver. 33 ; Psa. Iv. 15. Chap.

-5 Heb, create a creature ; Isa. xlv. 7. Isa. lvii. 16; Zech, xii. 1 ; Heb. xii. 9. ob Gen. xix. 12, 14; Isa lii. 11; 2 Cor. vi 17; Rev. xviii. 4. - Exod. iii. 12;

xxvi. 10; xxvii. 3 ; Deut: xi. 6; Psa. cvi. 17.- See ver. 17; Deut. xviii. 22 ; Zech. 11-9, 10; iv. 9 ; John v. 36. — Chap: chap. xxvi. Il ; 1 Chron. vi. 22, 37,—n Lev. x. 2; chap. xi. l; xxiv. 13; Jer. xxiii. 16; Ezek. xiii. 17; John v. 30; vi. 38. Psa. cvi. 18. ___ Ver. 17. of salvation which is not of his own appointment. Man Verse 30. If the Lord make a new thing] 178°92 DNI is ever supposing that he can mend his Maker's work, 771779893' veim beriah yibra Yehovah, and if Jehovah or that he can make one of his own that will do in should create a creation, i. e., do such a thing as was its place.

never done before. :: Verse 22. O God, the God of the spirits of all flesh] And they go down quick into the pit] iphop sheolah, 782 527 noin yah 5* El Elohey haruchoth lechol a proof, among many others, that Sxo sheol, signifies basar. This address sufficiently proves that these holy here a chasm or pit of the earth, and not the place men believed that man is a being compounded of flesh called hell; for it would be absurd to suppose that and spirit, and that these principles are perfectly dis- their houses had gone to hell; and it would be wicked tinct. Either the materiality of the human soul is a to imagine that their little innocent ehildren had gone human fable, or, if it-be a true doctrine, these men did thither, though God was pleased to destroy their lives not pray under the influence of the Divine Spirit. In with those of their iniquitous fathers. chap. xxvii. 16 there is a similar form of expression : . Verse 33. They, and all that appertained to them) Let the Lord, the God of the spirits of all flesh. And Korah, Dathan, and Abiram, and all that appertained in Job xii. 10: In whose, hand is the soul (vb) to their respective families, went down into the pit nephesh) of all living; and the spirit (nn ruach) of caused by this supernatural earthquake; while the fire all flesh of man: Are not these decisive proofs that from the Lord consumed the 250 men that bare censers. the Old Testament teaches that there is an immortal Thus there were two distinct punishments, the pil and spirit in man? “But does not 717 ruach signify wind the fire, for the two divisions of these rebels. or breath ?". Sometimes it does, but certainly not here; Verse 37. The censersare hallowed.] kafor how absurd would it be to say, O God, the God deshu, are consecrated, i. e., to the service of God, of the breaths of all flesh!

though in this instance improperly employed.

קדשו

A plague is sent, by which

NUMBERS.

a great many are destroyed. A. M. cir. 2533. burning, and scatter thou the covered it, and the glory of the 4 M. cr. 2533 B. C.

B. C. cir. An. Exod. Isr. fire yonder ; for they are hal- LORD appeared..

An. Exod, lor. çir. 20.

eir. 20 lowed.

43 And Moses and Aaron came 38 The censers of these p sinners against before the tabernacle of the congregation. their own souls, let them make them broad 44 And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying, plates for a covering of the altar: for they 45 'Get you up from among this congreoffered them before the Lord, therefore they gation, that I may consume them as in a moare hallowed : 9 and they shall be a sign unto ment. And " they fell upon their faces.the children of Israel.

46 And Moses said unto Aaron, Take a · 39 And Eleazar the priest, took the brazen censer, and put fire therein from off the altar, censers, wherewith they that were burnt had and put on incense, and go quickly unto the offered; and they were made broad plates for congregation, and make an atonement for them: a covering of the altar :

* for there is wrath gone out from the LORD; 40 To be a memorial unto the children of the plague is begun. Israel," that no stranger, which is not of the 47 And Aaron took as Moses commanded, , seed of Aaron, come near to offer incense and ran into the midst of the congregation; before the LORD; that he be not as Korah, and, behold, the plague was · begun among and as his company : as the Lord said to him the people : and he put on incense, and made by the hand of Moses.

an atonement for the people. 41 But on the morrow * all the congregation - 48. And he stood between the dead and the of the children of Israel murmured against living; and the plague was stayed. Moses and against 'Aaron, saying, Ye have 49 Now they that died in the plague were killed the people of the LORD.

fourteen thousand and seven hundred, beside 4.2 And it came to pass, when the .congre- them that diod about -the matter of Korah. gation was gathered against Moses and against 50 And Aaron returned unto Moses unto Aaron, that they looked toward the tabernacle the door of the tabernacle of the congregation: of the congregation :. and, behold, the cloud and the plague was stayed.

• See Lev. xxvii. 28.-Prov. xx. 2 ; Hab. ii. 10. Chap. ' Exod. xl. 34.- Ver. 19; chap. xx. 6. - Ver.-21, 24 xvii. 10; xxvi. 10; Ezek. xiv. 8. Chap. iii. 10° 2 Chron. Ver. 22;, chap. xx.6.-—- Lev. x. 6; chap. 1. 53; viii. 19; xi. xxvi. 18. Chap. xiv. 2 ; Psa. cvi. 25.

33.; xviii. 5; 1 Chron, xxvii. 24 ; Psa. cvi. 29. Verse 41. On the morrow all the congregation Deity, so that a guilty people, who deserved nothing murmured] It is very likely that the people persuaded but destruction, should be spared; how much more themselves that Moses and Aaron had used some cun- effectual may we expect the great atonement to be ning in this business, and that the earthquake and fire which was made by the Lord Jesus Christ, of whom were artificial; else, had they discerned the hand of Aaron was only the type! The sacrifices of living God in this punishment, could they have dared the animals pointed out the death of Christ on the eross; anger of the Lord in the very face of justice ? the incense; his intercession. Through his death sal

Verse 46. The plague is begun.] God now .pun- vation is purchased for the world; by his intercession ished them by a secret blast, so as to put the matter the offending children of men are spared. Hence St. beyond all dispute ; his hand, and his alone, was seen, Paul, Rom. v. 10, says: If, while we were enemies, not only in the plague, but in the manner in which the we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, mortality was arrested. It was necessary that this much more, being reconciled, we shall be saced should be done in this way, that the whole congrega- THROUGH HIS LIFE, i. e., by the prevalence of his tion might see that those men who had perished were continual intercession. . 2 Cor. v. 18, 19 : “ And all not the people of the Lord; and that GOD, not Moses things are of God, who hath reconciled us to himself and Aaron, had destroyed them.

by Jesus Christ, and hath given to us the ministry of Verse 48. He stood between the dead and the living; reconciliation ; to wit, that God was in Christ, reconand the plague, fc.] What the plague was we know ciling the world unto himself, not imputing their tresnot, but it seems to have begun at one part of the camp, passes unto them; and hath committed unto us the and to have proceeded regularly onward; and Aaron word of reconciliation." went to the quarter where it was then prevailing, and By the awful transactions recorded in this chapter, stood with his atonement where it was now making we may see how jealous God is of the sole right of its ravages, and the plague was stayed; but not before appointing the way and means of salvation. Had any 14,700 had fallen victims to it, ver. 49.

priesthood, and any kind of service, no matter how

solemn and sincere, been equally available in the sight Ir Aaron the high priest, with his censer and in- of Divine justice and mercy, God would not have recense, could disarm the wrath of an insulted, angry I sented in so awful a manner the attempts of Korah and The princes of the people-lay up CHAP. XVII, their rods before the testimony. his company in their new service. The way of God's / other modes and schemes of salvation are the inven, own appointment, the agony and death of Christ, is the tions of men or devils, and will in the end prove ruinonly way in which souls can be saved. His is the ous to all those who trust in them. Reader, forget priesthood, and his is the only available sacrifice. All not the Lord who bought thee.

CHAPTER XVII. The twelve chiefs of the tribes are commanded to take their rods, and to write the name of each tribe upon the

rod that belonged to its representative; but the name of Aaron is to be written on the rod of the tribe of Levi, 1-3. The rods are lo be laid up before the Lord, who promises that the man's rod whom he shall choose for priest shall blossom, 4, 5. The rods are produced and laid up before the tabernacle, 6, 7. Aaron's rod alone buds, blossoms, and bears fruit, 8, 9. Il is laid up before the testimony as a token of the manner in which God had disposed of the priesthood, 10, 11. The people are greatly terrified, and are appre

hensive of being destroyed, 12, 13. A. M. cir. 25:33: AND the Lord spake unto 6 And Moses spake unto the A. M. cir. 2533.

B. C. cir. 1471. An. Exod. Isr. *Moses, - saying,

children of Israel, and every one An. Exod. Isr. oir. 20.

cir. 20. 2 Speak unto the children of of their princes gave him d a rod Israel, and take of every one of them a rod apiece, for each prince one, according to their according to the house of their fathers, of all fathers' houses, even twelve rods : and the rod their princes according to the house of their of Aaron was among their rods. fathers twelve rods : write thou every man's 7 And Moses laid up the rods before the name upon his rod.

Lord in the tabernacle of witness. 3 And thou shalt write Aaron's name upon 8. And it came to pass, that on the morrow the rod of Levi: for one rod shall be for the Moses went into the tabernacle of witness ; head of the house of their fathers.

ånd, behold, the rod of Aaron for the house 4- And thou shalt lay them up in the taber- of Levi was . budded, and brought forth. nacle of the congregation before the testimony, buds, and bloomed blossoms, and yielded a where I will meet with you.

almonds. 5 And it shall come to pass, that the man's 9 And Moses brought out all the rods from rod, whom I shall choose, shall blossom : before the LORD unto - all the children of and I will make toʻcease from me the mur- Ísrael : and they looked, and took every man murings of the children of Israel, « whereby his rod. they murmur against you.

10 And the LORD said unto Moses, Bring a Exodus xxv. 22 ; xxix. 42, 43 ; xxx. 36. - Chapter xvi. 5. Hebrew a rod for one prince, a rod for one prince. Exod. • Chap. xvi. 11,

xxxviii. 21 ; Num. xviii. 2; Acts vii. 44. NOTES ON CHAP. XVII.

and obedience, all spring from the priesthood of the Verse 2. And take of every one of them a rod] 700 Lord Jesus. It has been thought by some that Aaron's malteh, the staff or sceptre, which the prince or chief staff (and perhaps the staves of all the tribes) was of each tribe bore, and which was the sign of office or made out of the amygdala communis, or common almond royalty among almost all the people of the earth.. tree! In a favourable soil and climate it grows to

Verse 5. The man's rod, whom I shall choose, shall twenty feet in height, is one of the most noble, floublossom]. It was necessary that something farther rishing trees in nature : its flowers are of a delicate should be done to quiet the minds of the people, and red, and it puts them forth early in March, having befor ever to settle the dispute, in what tribe the priests gun to bud in January. It has its name apo shaked hood should be fixed. God therefore took the method from shakad, to awake, because it buds and flowers described in the text, and it had the desired effect; sooner than most other trees. And it is very likely that the Aaronica) priesthood was never after disputed. the staves of office, borne by the chiefs of all the tribes,

Verse 8. The rod of Aaronwas budded, fc.). That were made of this tree; merely to signify that watchis, on the same rod or staff were found buds, blossoms, fulness and assiduous care which the chiefs should take and ripe fruit. This fact was so unquestionably mira- of the persons committed, in the course of the Divine culous, as to decide the business for ever; and pro- providence, to their keeping. bably this was intended to show that in the priesthood, Every thing in this miracle is so far beyond the represented by that of Aaron, the beginning, middle, power of nature, that no doubt ́could remain on the and end of every good work must be found. The buds minds of the people, or the envious chiefs, of the Diof good desires, the blossoms of holy resolutions, and vine appointment of Aaron, and of the especial interpromising professions, and the ripe fruit of faith, love, ference of God in this case. To see a piece of wood,

e

cir. 20.

Aaron s rod is laid up.

NUMBERS The people are greatly afraid. A. M. cir. 2533. f Aaron's rod again before the tes- 12 And the children of Israel A. M. eir. 2533.

B. C. cir. 147). An. Exod. Isr. timony, to be kept for a token spake unto Moses, saying, Be- An. Exod. Isr. cir. 20.

against the rebels ; i and thou hold, we die, we perish, we all
shalt quite take away their murmurings from perish.
me, that they die not.

13 k Whosoever cometh any thing near unto 11 And Moses did so': as the Lord com- the tabernacle of the LORD shall die : shall manded him, so did he.

we be consumed with dying ?
1 Heb. ix. 4 -- Chap. xvi. 38. h Heb. children of rebellion.

Ver. 5,-- Chap. i. 51, 53; xviii. 4, 7.
long cut off from the parent stock, without bark or Matre caret, posuitque comas et brachia ferro;
moisture remaining, laid up in a dry place for a single Olim arbas, nunc artificis manus ære decoro
night, with others in the same circumstances,-to see Inclusit, patribusque dedit gestare Latinis.
such a piece of wood resume and evince the perfec- Talibus inter se firmabant fædera dictis.
tion of vegetative life, budding, blossoming, and bring-

Æ, lib. xii., ver. 206–12. ing forth ripe fruit at the same time, must be such a

Even as this royal SCEPTRE (for he bore demonstration of the peculiar interference of God, as

A sceptre in his hand) shall never more to silence every doubt and satisfy every scruple. It

Shoot-out in branches, or renew' the birth; is worthy of remark that a sceptre, or staff of office,

An orphan now, cut from the mother earth
resuming its vegetative life, was considered an ahso-

By the keen axe, dishonour'd of its hair,
lule impossibility among the ancients ; and as they And cased in brass, for Latian kings to bear.
were accustomed to swear by their sceptres, this eir-

And thus in public view the peace was tied
cumstance was added to establish and confirm the oath.

With solemn vows, and sworn on either side. A remarkable instance of this we have in Homer,

DRYDEN. Iliad, lib. i., ver. 233, &c., where Achilles, in his rage against Agamemnon, thus speaks :

When the circumstance of the rod or sceptre being

used anciently in this way, and the absolute inpossiΑλλ' εκ τοι ερεω, και επι μεγαν όρκον ομουμαι:

bility of its revivescence so strongly appealed to, is Ναι μα τοδε σκηπτρον, τα μεν ουπoτε φυλλα και οζους

considered, it appears to have been a very proper inΦυσει, επειδη πρωτα τoμην εν ορεσσι λελοιπεν,

strument for the present occasion, for the change that Ουδ' αναθηλησει" περι γαρ ρα έ χαλκος ελεψε

passed on it must be acknowledged as an immediate Φυλλα τε και φλοιον .

and incontestable miracle. ο δε τοι μεγας εσσεται όρκος.

Verse 12. Behold, we die, we perish, we all perish.) But hearken": I shall swear a solemn oath : dyia gavaenu signifies not so much to die simply, as By this same sceptre which shall never bud, to feel an ērtreme difficulty of breathing, which, proNor boughs bring forth, as once; which, having left ducing suffocation, ends at last in death. See the folly Its parent on the mountain top, what time

and extravagance of this sinful people. At first, every' The woodman's axe lopp'd off its foliage green,

person might come near to God, for all, they thought, And stripp'd its bark, shall never grow again.

were sufficiently holy, and every way qualified to mi. Cowper. nister in holy things. '. Now, no one, in their appre

hension, can come near to the tabernaele without beVIRGIL represents King Latinus swearing in the

ing consumed, ver. 13. In both cases they were same way, to confirm his covenant with Æneas :

wrong ; some there were who might approach, others Ut SCEPTRUM hoc (dextra sceptrum nam forte gerebat) there were who might not. God had put the differNunquam fronde levi fundet virgulta neque umbras, ence. His decision should have been final with them; Cum semel in silvis imo de stirpe recisum.

but sinners are ever running into extremes.

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The priests are to bear the iniquily of the sanctuary, 1. The Levites to minister to the priests, and have

charge of the tabernacle, 2-4. The priests alone to have the charge of the sanctuary, $c., no stranger to come nigh on pain of death, 5-7. . The portion allowed for their maintenance, 8. They shall have every meat-offering ; and they shall eat them in the holy place, 9, 10: » The wave-offerings, 11.

The firstfruits of the oil, wine, and wheat, and whatever is first ripe, and every devoted thing, 12-14; also, all the first-born of men and beasts, 15–18; and heave-offerings, 19, The priests shall have no inheritance, 20. The Leviles shall have no inheritance, but shall have the tenth of the produce in Israel, 21-24, of which they are to give a tenth to the priests, taken from the best parts, 25–30.

672

1

An. Exod. Isr.

cir. 20.

The office, charge, and emoluments CHAP. XVIII

of the priests and Levites. 13. M. cir: 3593: AND dhe Lord said unto Aaron, heave-offerings of all the hallowed 4.1: cir. 2533.

* Thou and thy sons, and thy things of the children of Israel; An. Exod. Isr. father's house with thee, shall unto thee have I given them by

cir. 20. b bear the iniquity of the sanctuary : and thou reason of the anointing, and to thy sons, by and thy sons with thee shall bear the iniquity an ordinance for ever. of your priesthood.

9 This shall be thine of the most holy things, 2 And thy brethren also of the tribe of Levi, reserved from the fire : every oblation of theirs, the tribe of thy father, bring thou with thee, every * meat-offering of theirs, and every sinthat they may be joined unto thee, and offering of theirs, and every u trespass-offering d minister unto thee : but e thou and thy sons of theirs, wheh they shall render unto me, with thee shall minister before the tabernacle shall be most holy for thee and for thy sons. of witness.

10 In the most holy place shalt thou eat it; 3 And they shall keep thy charge, and the every male shall eat it: it shall be holy unto charge of all the tabernacle : & only they shall thee. not come nigh the vessels of the sanctuary and 11 And this is thine; the heave-offering of the altar, 5 that neither they, nor ye also, die. their gift, with all the wave-offerings of the

4 And they shall be joined unto thee, and children of Israel: I have given them unto keep the charge of the tabernacle of the con- 1 thee, and to thy sons and to thy daughters gregation, for all the service of the tabernacle: with thee, by a statute for ever : every one i and a stranger shall not come nigh unto you. that is clean in thy hoúsc shall eat of it.

5 And ye shall keep the charge of the sanc- 12 : All the a best of the oil, and all the best tuary, and the charge of the altar: that there be of the wine, and of the wheat, b the firstno wrath any more upon the children of Israel. fruits of them which they shall offer unto the

6 And I, behold, I have n taken your bre- Lord, them have I given thee. thren the Levites from among the children of 13 And whatsoever is first ripe in the land, Israel : a to you they are given as a gift for which they shall bring unto the Lord, shall the LORD, to do the service of the tabernacle be thine ; d every one that is clean in thine of the congregation.

house shall eat of it. 7 Therefore • thou and thy sons with thee 14 Every thing devoted in Israel shall be shall keep your priest's office for every thing thine. of the altar, and within the veil; and ye 15 Every thing that openeth f the matrix in shall serve : I have given your priest's office all flesh, which they bring unto the Lord,' unto you as a service of gift : and the stranger whether it be of men or beasts, shall be thine: that cometh nigh shall be put to death. nevertheless & the first-born of man shalt thou

8 And the LORD spake unto Aaron, Behold, surely redeem, and the firstling of unclean . I also have given thee the charge of mine beasts shalt thou redeem. a Chap. xvii. 13.0 Exod. xxviii. 38. c See Gen. xxix. u Lev. v. 1 ; vii. 7; x. 12; xiv. 13.-_ Lev. vi. 16, 18, 26, 29 ;

Chap. iij. 6; 7. Chap. iii. 10. -I Chap. iii. 25, 31, vii. 6. -w Exod. xxix. 27, 28; Lev. vij. 30,34.- * Lev. x. 14; 36. -5 Chap. xvi. 40,—h Chap. iv, 15.-i Chap. ii. 10. Deut. xvii. 3. Lev. xxii. 2, 3, 11, 12, 13. - Exod: xxiii. Exodus xxvii. 21 ; xxx. 7; Leviticus xxiv. 3; chap. viii. 2. 19; Deut. xviii. 4; Neh. x. 35, 36.- -_a Heb. fat ; ver. 29. Chap. xvi. 46. — Chap. iii. 12, 45. — Chap. t. 9; vii.

• Exod. xxii. 29. - Exol. xxil. 29; xxiii. 19; xxxiv. 26 ; Lev. 19. Ver. 5; chap. 11. 10.- -P Heb. ix. 3, 6.- -9 Lev. vi. ii. 14; chap. xv. 19; Deut. xxvi: 2.-- Ver. 11.- Le Lev. xxvii. 16, 18, 26; vii. 6, 32 ; chap. v. 9. - Exod. xxix. 29 ; xl. 13, 15. / 28.—Exod. xiii. 2; xxii. 29 ; Lev. xxii. 26 ; chap, iii. 13. • Lev. ii. 2, 3 ; x. 12, 13. - Lev. iv. 22, 27; vi. 25, 26. & Exod. xiii. 13; xxxiv. 20. NOTES ON CHAP. XVIII.

from the root oib lavah, to join to, couple, associate : Verse 1. Thou and thy sons-shall bear the iniqui- hence Moses says, the Leviles, aby yillavu, shall be ty of the sanctuary, fc.) That is, They must be an-joined, or associated with the priests; they shall conswerable for its legal pollutions, and must make the jointly perform the whole of the sacred office, but the necessary atonements and expiations. By this they priests shall be principal, the Levites only their assomust feel that though they had got a high and impor- ciates or assistants. For an explanation of many tant office confirmed to them by a miraculous inter- parts of this chapter, see the notes on several of the ference, yet it was a place of the highest responsibili- passages referred to in the margin. ty; and that they must not be high-minded, but fear. Verse 15. The first-born of-man-and the firstling

Verse 2. Thy brethren also of the tribe of Levi- of unclean beasts] Thus vain man is ranked with the may be joined unto thee! There is a fine paronomasia, beasts that perish ; and with the worst kinds of them cr play upon words, in the original. 5 Levi comes too, those deemed unclean. VOL. I. ( 44

673

34.

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