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A. M. 2553.

B. C. 1451. An. Exod. Isr

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Conditions on which the request

NUMBERS. of Reuben and Gad is granted. 17 But we ourselves will go 27 dBut thy servants will pass A. M. 2553 B. C. 1451. An. Exod. Isr. ready armed before the children over, every man armed for war,

of Israel, until we have brought before the Lord to battle, as my them unto their place : and our little ones shall lord saith. dwell in the fenced cities because of the in- 28 So concerning them Moses commanded habitants of the land.

Eleazar the priest, and Joshua the son of Nun, | 18 u We will not return unto our houses, and the chief fathers of the tribes of the chiluntil the children of Israel have inherited dren of Israel : every man his inheritance.

29 And Moses said unto them, If the chil 19 For we will not inherit with them on dren of Gad and the children of Reuben will yonder side Jordan, or forward ; ' because our pass with you over Jordan, every man armed inheritance is fallen to us on this side Jordan to battle, before the Lord, and the land shall eastward.

be subdued before you ; then ye shall give 20 And w Moses said unto them, If ye will them the land of Gilead for a possession : do this thing, if ye will go armed before the 30 But if they will not pass over with you LORD to war,

armed, they shall have possessions among you 21 And will go all of you armed over Jor- in the land of Canaan. dan before the Lord, until he hath driven out 31 And the children of Gad and the children his enemies from before him,

of Reuben answered, saying, As the LORD 22 And - the land be subdued before the hath said unto thy servants, so will we do. LORD: then afterward ye shall return, and 32 We will pass over armed before the be guiltless before the Lord, and before Israel ; LORD into the land of Canaan, that the posand this land shall be your possession before session of our inheritance on this side Jordan the LORD.

, 23 But if ye will not do so, behold, ye have 33 And í Moses gave unto them, even to sinned against the Lord: and be sure your the children of Gad, and to the children of sin will find you out.

Reuben, and untó half the tribe of Manasseh 24 Build you cities for your little ones, and the son of Joseph, 6 the kingdom of Sihon folds for your sheep; and do that which hath king of the Amorites, and the kingdom of Og proceeded' out of your mouth.

king of Bashan, the land, with the cities thereof 25 And the children of Gad and the children in the coasts, even the cities of the country of Reuben spake unto Moses, saying, Thy round about. servants will do as my lord commandeth. | 34 And the children of Gad built b Dibon,

26 · Our little ones, our wives, our flocks, and Ataroth, and i Aroer, and all our cattle, shall be there in the cities 35 And Atroth, Shophan, and * Jaazer, and of Gilead:

Jogbehah,

Josh. iv. 12, 13.—Josh. xxii. 4.- Ver. 33; Josh. xii. 7; xliv. 16; Isa. lix. 12. Ver. 16, 34, &c.- - Josh. i. 1; xiii. 8. -w Deut. ii. 18; Josh. i. 14; iv. 12, 13. . Deut. / 14. d Josh. iv. 12.- Josh. i. 13.- Deut. iii. 12–17; xxix. iii. 20; Josh. xi. 23 ; xviij. 1. - Josh. xxii. 4. -z Deut. iii. 8; Josh. xii. 6; xiii. 8; xxii. 4.- Chap. xxi. 21, 33, 35. 12, 15, 16, 18; Josh. i. 15; xiii. 8, 32 ; xxii. 4, 9. a Gen. iv. Chap. xxxiii. 45, 46.- -i Deut. ii. 36. — Ver. 1. 3, Jazer.

have been very easily accomplished in the time which Now from Joshua iv. 13 we learn that of the tribes they spent on this side of Jordan, before they went of Reuben and Gad, and the half of the tribe of Maover with their brethren, to put them in possession of nasseh, only 40,000 armed men passed over Jordan to the land.

assist their brethren in the reduction of the land : Verse 17. Because of the inhabitants of the land.) consequently the number of 70,580 men were left beThese were the Ammonites, Moabites, Idumeans, and hind for the defence of the women, the children, and the remains of the Midianites and Amorites. But the flocks. This was more than sufficient to defend could the women and children even keep the defenced them against a people already panic struck by their cities, when placed in them? This certainly cannot late discomfitures and reverses. be supposed possible. Many of the men of war must Verse 34. The children of Gad built-- Aroer] This of course stay behind. In the last census, chap. xxvi., was situated on the river Arnon, Deut. ii. 36; 2 Kings the tribe of Reuben consisted of 43,730 men; the x. 33. It was formerly inhabited by the Emim, a tribe of Gad, 40,500; the tribe of Manasseh, 52,700; warlike and perhaps gigantic people. They were exthe half of which is 26,350. Add this to the sum of pelled by the Moabites; the Moabites by the Amorites; the other two tribes, and the amount is 110,580. I and the Amorites by the Israelites. The Gadites then

Account of the journeyings
CHAP. XXXIII.

of the Israelites A. M. 2553. 36 And ? Beth-nimrah, and dispossessed the Amorite which A. M. 2553. B. C. 1451.

B. C. 1451. An. Exod. Isr. Beth-haran, m fenced cities : and was in it.

An. Exod. Isr. 40.

40.folds for sheep.

40 And Moses gave Gilead 37 And the children of Reuben n built Hesh-unto Machir the son of Manasseh ; and he bon, and Elealeh, and Kirjathaim,

dwelt therein. 38 And • Nebo, and ” Baal-meon, (their 41 And " Jair the son of Manasseh went and names being changed,) and Shibmah ; and took the small towns thereof, and called them 'gave other names unto the cities which they Havoth-jair. builded.

42 And Nobah went and took Kenath, and 39 And the children of Machir the son of the villages thereof, and called it Nobah, after Manasseh went to Gilead, and took it, and his own name. " Ver. 3, Nimrah. -m Ver. 24. — Chap. xxi. 27.

LO Isa.

Gen. 1. 23. — Deut. iii. 12, 13, 15; Josh. xiii. 31; xvii. 1. xlvi. 1.- -P Chap. xxii. 41.- See ver. 3; Exod. xxiii. 13; u Deut. ii. 14; Josh. xiii. 30; 1 Chron, ü. 21, 22, 23. Judg. Josh. xxiii. 7.--Heb. they called by names the names of the cities. x. 4 ; 1 Kings iv. 13. possessed it till the captivity of their tribe, with that habitations of Jair ; and thus they should have been of Reuben and the half of the tribe of Manasseh, by translated. As these two tribes and a half were the the Assyrians, 2 Kings xv. 29, after which the Moab- first, says Ainsworth, who had their inheritance asites appear to have repossessed it, as they seem to signed to them in the promised land, so they were the have occupied it in the days of Jeremiah, chap. xlviii. first of all Israel that were carried captive out of their 15-20.

own land, because of their sins.

" For they transVerse 38. And Nebom their names being changed) gressed against the God of their fathers, and went a That is, Those who conquered the cities called them whoring after other gods. And God delivered them after their own names. Thus the city Kenath, being into the hands of Pul and Tiglath-Pilneser, kings of conquered by Nobah, was called after his name; ver. 42. Assyria, and they brought them to Halah, Habor, Hara,

Verse 41. Havoth-jair.] That is, the villages or ) and Gozan, unto this day.” See 1 Chron. V. 25, 26.

The

CHAPTER XXXIII, journeyings of the Israelites written out by Moses, according to the commandment of the Lord, 1, 2. They depart from Rameses on the fifteenth day of the first month, on the day after the passover, the firstborn of the Egyptians having been slain, 3, 4. Their forty-two stations enumerated, 5-49. They are authorized to expel all the former inhabitants, and destroy all remnants of idolatry, 50–53, The land is to be divided by lot, 54. Should they not drive out the former inhabitants, they shall be to them as pricks in their eyes and thorns in their sides, 55. And if not obedient, God will deal with them as he has pur. posed to do with the Canaanites, 56. A: M: 2:53. THESE are the journeys of 2 And Moses wrote their go

the children of Israel, which ings out according to their jour- An. Exod. Isr.

went forth out of the land of neys, by the commandment of Egypt with their armies, under the hand of the LORD: and these are their journeys acMoses and Aaron,

cording to their goings out.

A. M. 2553.
B. C. 1451.

An. Exod. Isr.

40.

40.

a Exod. xii. 38, 51; xiii. 18.- Josh. xxiv. 5.

. Chap. ix. 17-23; x. 6, 13; Deut. i. 2, 10, 11.

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NOTES ON CHAP. XXXIII.

Moses may point out the unsettled state of religion Verse 2. And Moses wrote their goings out accord- under the law. Their being brought, after the death ing to their journeys) We may consider the whole of Moses, into the promised rest by Joshua, may point book of Numbers as a diary, and indeed the first book out the establishment, fixedness, and certainty of that of travels ever published. Dr. Shaw, Dr. Pococke, salvation provided by Jesus Christ, of whom Joshua, and several others, have endeavoured to mark out the in name and conduct, was a remarkable type. Mr. route of the Israelites through this great, dreary, and Ainsworth imagines that the forty-two stations here trackless desert, and have ascertained many of the enumerated, through which the Israelites were brought stages here described.

Indeed there are sufficient to the verge of the promised land, and afterwards taken evidences of this important journey still remaining, for over Jordan into the rest which God had promised, the descriptions of many are so particular that the point out the forty-two generations from Abraham unto places are readily ascertained by them; but this is not Christ, through whom the Saviour of the world came, the case with all. Israel was the Church of God in by whose blood we have an entrance into the holiest, the wilderness, and its unsettled, wandering state under and enjoy the inheritance among the saints in light

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B. C. 1451.
An. Exod. Isr.

40.

A. M. 2553.

B. C. 1451.
An. Exod. Isr.

40.

Account of the journeyings CHAP. XXXIII.

of the Israelites
A. M. 2553. 36 And ! Beth-nimrah, and dispossessed the Amorite which

Beth-haran, m fenced cities : and was in it.
folds for sheep.

40 And Moses gave Gilead
37 And the children of Reuben built Hesh-unto Machir the son of Manasseh ; and he
bon, and Elcaleh, and Kirjathaim,

dwelt therein.
38 And Nebo, and P Baal-meon, (a their 41 And u Jair the son of Manasseh went and
names being changed,) and Shibmah ; and took the small towns thereof, and called them
'gave other names unto the cities which they Havoth-jair.
builded.

42 And Nobah went and took Kenath, and
39 And the children of Machir the son of the villages thereof, and called it Nobah, after
Manasseh went to Gilead, and took it, and his own name.

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i Ver. 3, Nimrah. - Ver. 24. - Chap. xxi. 27. _ Isa. xlvi. l. -p Chap. xxii. 41. - 9 See ver. 3; Exod. xxiii. 13; Josh. xxiii. 7.—Heb. they called by names the names of the cities.

Gen. I. 23. Deut. iii. 12, 13, 15; Josh. xiii. 31; xvii. 1. u Deut. iii. 14; Josh. xu. 30; 1 Chron, ii. 21, 22, 23.- * Judg. x. 4 ; 1 Kings iv. 13.

possessed it till the captivity of their tribe, with that habitations of Jair ; and thus they should have been
of Reuben and the half of the tribe of Manaşseh, by translated. As these two tribes and a half were the
the Assyrians, 2 Kings xv. 29, after which the Moab- first, says Ainsworth, who had their inheritance as-
ites appear to have repossessed it, as they seem to signed to them in the promised land, so they were the
have occupied it in the days of Jeremiah, chap. xlviii. first of all Israel that were carried captive out of their
15-20.

own land, because of their sins. " For they trans,
Verse 38. And Nebo-lheir names being changed) gressed against the God of their fathers, and went a
That is, Those who conquered the cities called them whoring after other gods. And God delivered them
after their own names. Thus the city Kenath, being into the hands of Pul and Tiglath-Pilneser, kings of
conquered by Nobah, was called after his name; ver. 42. Assyria, and they brought them to Halah, Habor, Hara,

Verse 41. Havoth-jair.) That is, the villages or and Gozan, unto this day.” See 1 Chron. v. 25, 26.

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The journeyings of the Israelites written out by Moses, according to the commandment of the Lord, 1, 2.

They depart from Rameses on the fifteenth day of the first month, on the day after the passover, the first-
born of the Egyptians having been slain, 3, 4. Their forty-two stations enumerated, 5-49. They are
authorized to expel all the former inhabitants, and destroy all remnants of idolatry, 50–53. The land is
to be divided by lot, 54. Should they not drive out the former inhabitants, they shall be to them as pricks
in their eyes and thorns in their sides, 55. And if not obedient, God will deal with them as he has pur.
posed to do with the Canaanites, 56.
A. M. 2:53. THESE
are the a journeys of 2 And Moses wrote their o go-

A. M. 2553.

B. C. 1451.
An. Exod. Isr. the children of Israel, which ings out according to their jour- An. Exod. Isr.

went forth out of the land of neys, by the commandment of
Egypt with their armies, under the hand of the Lord: and these are their journeys ac-
Moses and Aaron.

cording to their goings out.

B. C. 1451.

40.

40.

a Exod. xii. 38, 51 ; xiii. 18.

_b Josh. xxiv. 5.

Chap. ix. 17–23; x. 6, 13; Deut. i. 2, 10, 11.

Moses may point out the unsettled state of religion Verse 2. And Moses wrote their goings out accord- under the law. Their being brought, after the death ing to their journeys) We may consider the whole of Moses, into the promised rest by Joshua, may point book of Numbers as a diary, and indeed the first book out the establishment, fixedness, and certainty of that of travels ever published. Dr. Shaw, Dr. Pococke, salvation provided by Jesus Christ, of whom Joshua, and several others, have endeavoured to mark out the in name and conduct, was a remarkable type. Mr. route of the Israelites through this great, dreary, and Ainsworth imagines that the forty-two stations here trackless desert, and have ascertained many of the enumerated, through which the Israelites were brought stages here described. Indeed there are sufficient to the verge of the promised land, and afterwards taken evidences of this important journey still remaining, for over Jordan into the rest which God had promised, the descriptions of many are so particular that the point out the forty-two generalions from Abraham unto places are readily ascertained by them; but this is not Christ, through whom the Saviour of the world came, the case with all. Israel was the Church of God in by whose blood we have an entrance into the holiest, the wilderness, and its unsettled, wandering state underland enjoy the inheritance among the saints in light.

NOTES ON CHAP. XXXIII.

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