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The command not to touch
DEUTERONOMY. the Edomites nor Moabites. 6 Ye shall buy meat of them 13 Now rise up, said 1, and get. A. M. 2553. An Ex. 1sr. 40. for money, that ye may eat; and you over 'the brook Zered. An. Ex. Isr. 40.
Sebat. ye shall also buy water of them And we went over the brook for money, that ye may drink.
Zered. 7 For the Lord thy God hath blessed thee . 14 And the space in which we came from in all the works of thy hand: he knoweth thy Kadesh-barnea, until we were come over the walking through this great wilderness : 'these brook Zered, was thirty and eight years ; forty years the LORD thy God hath been with until all the generation of the men of war thee; thou hast lacked nothing.
were wasted out from among the host, as the 8 6 And when we passed by from our breth- LORD sware unto them. ren the children of Esau, which dwelt in Seir, 15 For indeed the whand of the LORD was through the way of the plain from · Elath, and against them, to destroy them from among the from Ezion-gaber, we turned and passed by, host, until they were consumed.the way of the wilderness of Moab.
16 So it came to pass, when all the men of 9 And the Lord said unto me, i Distress war were consumed and dead from among the not the Moabites, neither contend with them people, in battle : for I will not give thee of their land. 17 That the Lord spake unto me, saying, for a possession ; because I have given a Ar 18 Thou art to pass over through Ar, the unto the children of Lot for a possession. coast of Moab, this day :;
10 m The Emims dwelt therein in times past, 19 And when thou comest nigh over against a people great, and many, and tall, as a the the children of Ammon, distress them not, por Anakims;
meddle with them: for I will not give thee of 11 Which also were accounted giants, as the the land of the children of Ammon any possesAnakims; but the Moabites call them Emimş. sion; because I have given it unto the chil
12 • The Horims also dwelt in Seir before- dren of Lot for a possession. time; but the children of. Esaú P succeeded 20 (That also was accounted a land of giants: them, when they had destroyed them from giants dwelt therein in old time, and the Ambefore them, and dwelt in their stead; as monites call them Zamzummims; Israel did unto the land of his possession, 21 ? A people great, and many, and tall, as which the LORD gave unto them.
the Anakims; but the LORD destroyed them Chap. viii: 2, 3, 4. - Judg. xi. 18.l Kings ix. 26. Num. xxi. 12. Or, valley; Num. xui. 23.-Numbers i Or, Use no hostility against Moab.- -k Num. xxi. 28. - Gen. xii. 26. - Numbers xiv. 33; xxvi. 64. -Numbers xir. xix. 36, 37. — Gen. xiv. 5.—Num. xi. 22, 33; chap, ix. 2. 35; chap. i. 34, 35; Ezek. xx. 15. - Psa. luvui, 33; • Ver. 22; Gen. xiv. 6; xxxvi. 20. Heb. inherited them cvi. 26. -Gen. xix. 38. - - Gen. xiv. 5, Zuzims. See Or, room.
Verse 7. The Lord-hath blessed thee, fc.] God booters, who lived by plunder. (See on the preceding had given them much property, and therefore they had verse.) It must be granted, however, that there were 'no need of plunder ; they had gold and silver to buy several men of this race of extraordinary stature. And the provender they needed, and therefore God would hence all gigantic men have been called Rephain. not permit them to take any thing by violence. (See on Gen. vi. 4, and xiv. 5.) But we well know
Verse 10. The Emims dwelt therein] Calmet sup- that fear and public report have often added whole poses that these people were destroyed in the war cubits to men's height. It was under this influence made against them by Chedorlaomer and his allies, that the spies acted, when they brought the disheartGen. xiv. 5. Lot possessed their country after the ening report mentioned Num. xiii, 33. destruction of Sodom and Gomorrha. They are ge- Verse 12. The Horims also dwelt in Seir) The whole nerally esteemed as giants; probably they were a of this verse was probably added by Joshua or Ezra. hardy, fierce, and terrible people, who lived, like the Verse 20. That also was accounted a land of giants] wandering Arabs, on the plunder of others. This was That was accounted the land or territory of the Repham. sufficient to gain them the appellation of giants, or men Zamzummims] Supposed to be the same as the of prodigious stature. See below.
Zuzim, Gen. xiv. 5. Of these ancient people we Verse 11. Which also were accounted giants] This know very little; they were probably inconsiderable is not a fortunate version. The word is not giants, tribes or clans, “pursuing and pursued, each other's but d'X97 Rephaim, the name of a people. It appears prey,” till at length a stronger totally destroyed or subthat the Emim, the Anakim, and the Rephaim, were dued them, and their name became either extinct or probably the same people, called by different names in absorbed in that of their conquerors. From the 10th the different countries where they dwelt ; for they ap- to the 12th, and from the 20th to the 23d verse inclupear originally to have been a kind of wandering free- j sive, we have certain historical remarks introduced
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B. C. 1451. An. Ex. Isr. 40.
The command to possess the
CHAP. II. land of Sihon, king of Heshbon. before them; and they succeeded the land which the LORD our God An. Ex. Isr. 40, them, and dwelt in their stead : giveth us.
22 As he did to the children of 30. " But Sihon king of HeshEsau, which dwelt in Seir, when he destroyed bon would not let us pass by him.: for the o the Horims from before them; and they suc- LORD thy God ” hardened his spirit, and made ceeded them, and dwelt in their stead even his heart obstinate, that he might deliver him unto this day :
into thy 'hand, as appeareth this day. 23 And the Avims which dwelt in Hazerim, 31 And the LORD said unto me, Behold, I even unto & Azzah, the Caphtorims, which have begun to give Sihon and his land before came forth out of Caphtor, destroyed them, and thiee : begin to possess, that thou mayest inherit dwelt in their stead.)
his land. 24 Rise ye up, take your journey, and pass 32 : Then Sihon came out against us, he and · over the river Arnon: behold, I have given all his people, to fight at Jahaz. into thine hand Sihon the Amorite, king of 33 And the LORD our God delivered him Heshbon, and his land : 8 begin to possess it, before us; and we smote him, and his sons, and contend with him in battle.
fand all his people. 25 · This day will I begin to put the dread of 34 And we took all his cities at that time, and thee, and the fear of thee, upon the nations utterly destroyed the men, and the women, that are under the whole heaven, who shall and the little ones, of every city, we left none hear report of thee, and shall tremble, and be to remain : in anguish because of thee.
35. Only the cattle we took for a prey unto 26 And I sent messengers out of the wilder-ourselves, and the spoil of the cities which ness of Kedemoth, unto Sihon king of Hesh- we took. bon, - with words of peace, saying,
36 w From Aroer, which is by the brink of 27 k Let me pass through thy land : 'I will go the river of Arnon, and from the city that is along by the high-way, I will neither turn unto by the river, even unto Gilead, there was not · the right hand nor to the left.
one city too strong for us : x the LORD our God 28 Thou shalt sell me meat for money, that I delivered all unto us : may eat; and give me water for money, that I 37 Only unto the land of the children of may drink: 'only I will pass through on my feet; Ammon thou camest not, nor unto any place
29 (mAs the children of Esau which dwell in of the river > Jabbok, nor unto the cities in the Seir, and the Moabites which dwell in Ar, did mountains, nor unto ? whatsoever the LORD unto me ;) until I shall pass over Jordan, into our: God forbade, us.
a Gex. xxxvi. 8.-Gen. xiv. 6; xxxvi. 20-30;
Num. xxi. 23. - Josh. xi. 20.- -p Exod. iv, 21. Chap. Josh. xiii. 3. d Jer. xxv. 20.- Gen. x. 14; Amos ix. 7. 1.8.- - Num. xxi. 23. - Chap. vii. 2; xx. 16. Num. xxi. Num. xxi: 13, 14; Judg. xi. 18, 21. Heb. begin, possess. 24; chap. xxix. 7. -u Lev.xxvii. 28; chap. vii. 2, 26.- - Heb. h Exod. xv. 14, 15; chap. xi. 25 ; Josh. 11. 9, 10. Chap. xx. 10: every city of men, and women, and little ones. Chap. iii. 12;
Num. xxi. 21, 22 ; Judy. xi. 19.- Num. xxi. 19. m See iv. 48; Josh. xii. 9. * Psa. xliv. 3. Gen. xxxii. 22; Num. Num. xx. 18; chap. xxii. 3, 4 ; Judy. xi. 17, 18.
xxi. 24 ; chap. iji. 16.- - Ver. 5, 9, 19.
which do not seem to have been made by Moses, but Verse 37. Only unto the land of the children of rather by Joshua or Ezra. "By the introduction of Ammon thou camest not] God gave them their these verses the thread of the narrative suffers con- mission; and those only were to be cut off, the cup siderable interruption. Dr. Kennicott' considers both of whose iniquity was full. Though the Moabites and these passages to be interpolations. That they could Ammonites were thus spared, they requited good with not have made a part of the speech of Moses origin- evil, for they fought against the Israelites, and cast ally, needs 'little proof...
them out of their possessions, Judg. xi. 4, 5; 2 Chron. Verse 29. As the children of Esau which dwell in xx. 1, &c., and committed the most shocking cruelSeir) See the note on Num. xx. 21.
ties; see Amos i. 13. Hence God enacted a law, Verse 30. The Lord-hardened his spirit] See the that none of these people should enter into the congrenotes on Exod. iv. 21, and ix. 15, &c.
gation of the Lord even to their tenth generation ; see Verse 36. From Aroer-by the brink of the river chap. xxiii. 3–6. of Arnon] See on Num. xxi: 13, &c.
The Israelites fight with and
discomfit Og, king of Bashan.
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CHAPTER III. The war with Og, king of Bashan, 1, 3: 'He is defeated, 3. Sixty fortified cities with many unwalled
towns taken, 4, 5. The utter destruction of the people, 6. The spoils, 7; and extent of the land taken, 8-10. Account of Oc’s iron bedstead, 11. The land given to the Reubenites, Gadites, and half tribe of Manasseh, 12, 13. Jair takes the country of Argob, 14. Gilead is given unto Machir, 15. And the rest of the land possessed by the Reụbenites and Gadites, 16, 17. The directions given to those tribes, 18-20. The counsel given to Joshua, 21, 22. Moses's prayer to God for permission to go into the promised land, 23–25; and God's refusal, 26. He is commanded to go up to Mount Pisgah to see it, 27; and to encourage Joshua, 28.. They continue in the valley opposite to Beth-peor, 29.
THEN we turned, and went) 8 And we, took at that time out An. Ex. Isr. 40 up the way to Bashan : and of the hand of the two kings of An. Ex. Isr. 40.
Og the king of Bashan came the Amorites the land that was out against us, he and all his people, to battle on this side Jordan, from the river of Aron Wat Edrei.
unto Mount Hermon; 2 And the LORD said unto me, Fear him not: 9 (Which Hermon the Sidonians call Sirion; for I will deliver him, and all his people, and and the Amorites call it ń Shënir ;) his land, into thy hand; and thou shalt do unto -10 All the cities of the plain, and all Gilead, him as thou didst unto · Sihon king of the and k'all Bashan, unto Salchah and Edrei, cities Amorites, which dwelt' at Heshbon.
of the kingdom of Og in Bashan. 3 So the LORD our God delivered into our 11 For only Og king of Bashan remained hands Og also, the king of Bashan, and all of the remnant of m giants: behold, his bedstead his people ; d and we smote him until none was a bedstead of iron ; is it not in . Rabbath, was left to him remaining.
of the children of Ammon? nine cúbits was 4 And we took all his cities at that time, the lehgth thereof, and four cubits the breadth there was not a city which we took riot from of it, after the cubit of a man. them, threescore cities, all the region of Argob, 12 And this land, which we possessed at that the kingdom of Og in Bashan.
time, frem Aroer, which is by, the river 5 All these cities were fenced with high Arnon, and half Mount Gilead, and the cities walls, gates, and bars ; beside unwalled towns thereof, gave I unto the Reubenites and to a great inany.
the Gadites. 6 And we utterly destroyed them, as we did 13 And the rest of Gilead, and all Bashan, unto Sihon, king of Heshbon, utterly destroy- being the kingdom of Og, gave I unto the ing the men, women, and children, of every city. half tribe of Manasseh ; all the region of Ar
7 But all the cattle, and the spoil of the gob, with all Bashan, which was called the cities, we took for a prey to ourselves. land of giants. a Num. xxi. 33, &c.; chap. xxix. 7.
Chap: i. 4.
- Num. k Josh. xii. 5; xiii. 11.--- Amos ii., 9. on Gen. xiv. 5. xxi. 24, - Num: xxi. 35. bel Kings iv. 13. Chap. ii. 24; 2 Sam. xii. 26; Jer. xlix. 2; Ezek. xxi. 20. Lo Chap. ii. 36; Psa. xxv. 10, 11, 12 ; cxxxvi. 19, 20, 21. Chap. iv, 48; Josh. xii. 2. -p Num. xxxii. 33, Josh. xii. 6; xii. 8, &c. Psa. Axix, 6h1 Chron. v. 23.- Li Chap. iv, 49.
9 Josh. xii. 29. NOTES, ON CHAP. HI.
the last king of the Amorites ; his kingdom appears Verse 4. All the region of Argob] 2178. Son ho col to have taken its name from the hill of Bashan; the chebel Argob, all the cable or cord of Argob; this ex-country has been since called Batanæa. pression, which is used in various other parts of Scrip- Remnant of giants] Of the Rephaim. See on chap. ture,) see, in the original, Amos vii. 17; Mic. i. 5 ; ii. 10, 11. Deut. xxxii. 9; Pșa. xv. 6,) shows that anciently land His bedstead was—of iron] Iron was probably used was measured by lines or cords of a certain length, in partly for its strength and durability, and partly to prea similar way to that by the chain among us, and the vent noxious vermin from harbouring in schanus or cord among' the Egyptians. ·. Some think Is it not in Rabbath, of the children of Ammon?) that it was the region of Argob that was afterwards The bedstead was probably taken in some battle becalled the region of Trachonitis.
tween the Ammonites' and Amorites, in which the forVerse 9. Hermon the Sidonians call-Shenir] I mer had gained the victory. The bedstead was 'carsuppose this verse to have been a marginal remark, ried a trophy and placed in Rabbath, which appears, which afterwards got incorporated with the text, or an from 2 Sam. xii. 26, to have been the royal city of addition by Joshua or Ezra.
the children of Ammon. Verse 11. Og king of Bashan remained] Og was. Nine cubits was the length-four cubits the breadth]
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Inheritance of Reuben and Gad. CHAP III. Moses is excluded from Canaan.
A. M. 2553. 14 r Jair the son of Manasseh 20 Untilthe LORD have given rest A. M. 2553.
the country of Argob unto your brethren, as well as unto An. Ex. Isr. 40. Sebat.
sunto the coasts of Geshuri and you, and until they also possess the Maachathi; and called them after his own land which the LORD your God hath given them name, Bashan-havoth-jair, unto this day. beyond Jordan: and then shall ye d return every
15 u And I gave Gilead unto Machir.. man unto his possession,which I have given you.
: 16 And unto the Reubenites "and unto the 21 "And • I commanded Joshua at that time,
Gadites I gave from Gilead even unto the river saying, Thine eyes have seen all that the LORD Arnon half the valley, and the border even your God hath done unto these two kings : so unto the river Jabbok, w which is the border shall the LORD do unto all the kingdoms whiof the children of Ammon :
ther thou passest. 17 The plain also, and Jordan, and the coast 22 Ye shall not fear them : for f the LORD thereof, from * Chinnereth y even unto the sea your God he shall fight for you. of the plain, ? even the salt sea, a under Ash- *23. And I besought the LORD at that time, doth-pisgah eastward.
saying, 18 And I commanded you at that time, say- 24 O LORD God, thou hast begun to show ing, The Lord your. God hath given you this thy servant "thy greatness, and thy mighty land to-possess it: bye shall pass over armed hand : for i whát God is there in heaven or in before your brethren the children of Israel, earth that can do according to thy works, and all that are è meet for the war.
according to thy might? 19 But your wives, and your little ones, and 25 I pray thee, let me go over, and see the your cattle, ( for I know that ye have much good land that is beyond Jordan, that goodly cattle,) shall abide in your cities which I have mountain, and Lebanon.. given you;
26 But the LORD ? was wroth with me for rl Chron. ü. 22. - Josh. xiit. 13; 2 Sam. iii. 3; X. 6.
c Heb. sons of power.
d Josh. xxii. 4. Num. xxvii. 18. Num. xxxii. 41. _u Num. xxxii. 39.—-2 Sam. xxiv. 5. ' Exod. xiv. 14; chap. i. 30 ; xx. 4.-- See. 2 Cor. xii. 8, 9. # Num. xxi. 24; Josh. xii. 2.- - Num. xxxiv. 11.- Chap Chap. xi. 2. i Exod. xv. 11; 2 Sam. vii. 22; Psa. Lxxi. 19; iv. 49; Numbers xxxiv. ll; Joshua xii. 3. — -2 Genesis xiv. 3. lxxx. 8; lxxxix. 6, 8. Exod. ii. 8; chap. iv. 22.-Num. a Or, under the springs of Pisgah, or, the hill.- - Numbers xx. 12; xxvii. 14; chap. 1. 37; xxxi. 2; xxxii. 51, 52 ; xxxiv. 4 ; xxxii. 20, &c.
Psa. cvi. 32.
Allowing the bedstead to have been one cubit longer : From this account the distance from the sole of Og's than Og, which is certainly sufficient, and allowing foot to his ankle was thirty cubits in length! Í give the cubit to be about eighteen inches long, for this is this as a very slight specimen of rabbinical comment. perhaps the average of the cubit of a man, then Og I could quote places in the Talmnd - in which Og is was twelve feet high. . This may be deemed extraor- stated to be several miles high! This relation about dinary, and perhaps almost incredible, and therefore Og I suppose to be also an historical note added by a many commentators have, according to their fancy, subsequent hand. lengthened the bedstead and shortened the man, making Verse 14. Bashan-havoth-jair] Bashản of the cities the former one-third' longer than the person who lay of Jair; see-Num. xxxii. 41. on it, that they might reduce Og to six cubits; but Verse 17. From Chinnereth] See on Num. xxxiv. 11. even in this way, they make him'at least nine feet high. Verses, 24, 25. The prayer of Moses recorded in
On this subject the rabbins have trifled most sinfully, these two verses, and his own reflections on it, ver. I shall give one specimen. In the Tárgum of Jona- 26, are very affecting. He had suffered much both than ben Uzziel on Num. xxi. 35, 36, it is said that in body and mind in bringing the people to the borders “Og having observed that the camp of the Israelites of the promised land; and it was natural enough for extended six miles, he went and tore up a mountain him to wish to see them established in it, and to ensix miles in its base, and put it on his head, and car- joy a portion of that inheritance himself, which he ried it towards the camp, that he might throw it on knew was a type of the heavenly country.
But notthe Israelites and destroy them; but the word of the withstanding his very earnest prayer, and God's espe Lord prepared a worm, which -bored a hole in the cial favour towards him, he was not permitted to go mountain over his head, so that it fell down upon his over Jordan! He had grieved the Spirit of God, and shoulders : at the same time his teeth, growing out in he passed a sentence against him of 'exclusion from all directions, stuck into the mountain, so that he could the promised land. Yet he permitted him to see it, not cast it off his head. Moses, (whớ was himself and gave him the fullest assurances that the people ten cubits high,) seeing Og thus entangled, took an whom he had brought out of Egypt should possess it. axe ten cubits long, and having leaped ten cubits in Thus God may choose to deprive those of earthly posheight, struck Og on the ankle bone, so that he féll sessions to whom he is nevertheless determined to give and was slain.”
a heavenly inheritance.
Moses exhorts the people
DEUTERONOMY. to keep the Lord's statutes. A. M. 2553. your sakes, and would not hear
28 But • charge Joshua, and A. M. 2552. B. C. 1451.
B. C. 1451. An. Ex. Isr.40. me : and the Lord said unto me, encourage him, and strengthen An. Ex. Isı. 10. Sebat.
Sebat. Let it suffice thee; speak-no him: for he shall go over more unto me of this matter.
before this people, and he shall cause 27 * Get-thee up into the top of • Pisgah, and them to inherit the land which thou shalt lift up thine eyes westward, and northward, and see: southward, and eastward,and behold it with thine 29 So we abode in P the valley over against eyes : for thou shalt not go over this Jordan. Beth-peor,
Num. xxvii. 12.- .. Or, the hill. Lo Num. xxvii. 18, 23; chap. i. 38; xxxi. 3, 7. - Chap. iv. 46 ; xxxiv. 6. Verse 26. 'Let it suffice thee) 75 37 rab lach, there It is very likely that what God speaks. here, both is an abundance to thee—thou hast had honour enough concerning Moses and Joshua, was designed to be already, and may well dispense with going over Jordan. typical of the procedure of his justice and grace in the He surely has no reason to complain who is taken from salvation of man. 1. The land of Canaan was a type earthly felicity to heavenly glory. In this act God of the kingdom of heaven. - 2. The law, which shows showed to Moses both his goodness and severity. the holiness of God and the exceeding sinfulness of
Verse 28, But charge Joshua, &c.) Give him autho- sin, could not bring the people to the possession of rity in the sight of the people, let them see that he that kingdom. 3. Moses may probably be considered has the same commission which I gave to thee. En- here as the einblem of that law by which is the knowcourage him ; for he will meet with many difficalties ledge of sin, but not redemption from it. 4. Joshua, in the work to which he is called. And strengthen the same as Jesus, the name signifying a Saviour, is him-show him my unfailing promises, and exhort him appointed to bring the people into the rest which God to put his trust in me alone ; for he shall go' over be had provided for them; thus it is by Jesus Christ fore this people, and shall cause them to inherit the alone that the soul is saved-fitted for and brought land ; of this let him rest perfectly assured.
into the possession of the heavenly inheritance, (see Verse 29. Beth-peor.] This was a city in the king- John i. 17; Gal, ii. 16; iii. 12, 13, 24 :) for he is dom of Sihon king of the Amorites ; and as n'a beth the end of the law—the great scope and design of the signifies a house, the place probably had its name from law, for righteousness—for justification, to them that a temple of the god Peor, who was worshipped there. believe ; Rom. x. 4. Such a use as this every pious Peor was nearly the same among the Moabites that reader may make of the circumstances recorded here, Priapus was among the Romans—the obscene god of without the danger of pụshing analogy or metaphor an obscene people. This we have already seen. beyond their reasonable limits.
Exhortations to obedience, 1. Nothing to be added to or taken from the testimonies of God, 2. The
people are exhorted to recollect how God had destroyed the ungodly among them, 3; and preserved those who were faithful, 4, · The excellence of the Divine law, 5, 6. . No nation in the world could boast of
any such statutes, judgments, fc., 7, 8. They are exhorted to obedience by the wonderful manifestations : of God in their behalf, 9-13. Moses exhorts them to beware of idolatry, and to make ng likeness of any
thing in heaven or earth as an object of adoration, 14–20. He informs them that he must die in that land, as God had refused to let him go into the promised land, being angry with him on their account, 21, 22. Repeats his exhortations to obedience, 23, 24. Predicts the judgments of God against them, should they turn to idolatry, 25-28. Promises of God's mercy to the penitent, 29–31. The grand and unparalleled privileges of the Israelites, 32-40. Moses severs three cities on the east side of Jordan for cities of refuge, 41, 42. Their names, 43. When and where Moses gave these statutes and judgments to Israel, 44-49. A. M. 2553. NOW therefore hearken, O' Is-fin and possess the land which A. M. 2553. An. Ex. lsr. 40.
rael, unto a the statutes and the LORD God of your fathers An. Ex. Ist. 40. Sebat. unto the judgments which I teach giveth you.
Sebat. you, for to do them, that ye may líve, and go 2 Ye shall not add unto the word which I • Lev. xix. 37; xx. 8; xxii. 31; chap. v. 1; viii. 1 ;. Ezek. „. 11: Chap. xii. 32; Josh. i. 7; Prov. xxx. 6; Eccles. xii. 13; Rev. Rom. v.5.
xxii. 18, 19.
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NOTES ON CHAP. IV.
Verse 2. Ye shall not add] Any book, chapter, Verse 1. Hearken—unto the statutes] Every thing verse, or word, which I have not spoken; nor give any that concerned the rites and ceremonies of religion ; comment that has any tendency to corrupt, weaken, or judgments—all that concerned matters of civil right destroy any part of this revelation.
Neither shall ye diminish] Ye shall not only not