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With their Managing Owners, Commanders, Principal Officers, Surgeons, Pursers, Time of coming afloat, &c,

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§ ships' Names. | 3 || Consignments ; Commanders. First Officers. Second Officers. Third Officers. Fourth Officers. Surgeons, Pursers. afloat. co- i:
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1 George Canning ... 1326 Y Company's Ship; Wm. Patterson l
1 Thomas Coutts....|1334 S. Marjoribanks WMarjoribanks |
1327 S. Marjoribanks! A. H. Campbell
1. X Bomb.&china J - p $ococtio Nov. '7 De".
2 |Earl of Balcarras..! 1417 Company's Ship'James Jameson
4 |Marquis of Huntly, 1800 | Don. MacLeod |
1 |Buckinghamshire 1869 | Company's Ship Fred. Adams - J
t 1325 • Geo. Palumer Mont. Hamilton
s: Beng. 3 China Pa h w l 1818.
Castl .... 1200 John Paterson A. Dr d
3 Castle Huntly | o we Qin i unannon }s Dec's Dec. 8 Feb.
1 London ............! 1332 Company's ship Walt. Campbell |
: Mad. & China - J
6 Princess Amelia,. 1800 Rob. Williams Edw. Balston 1818 1818
- -
1 Orwell.... ... . .... 1335 Matt. Isacke Thos. W. Leech
s lady Melville..... 12009 china Sir R. Wigram John Stewart goFebo March 11 April
|John Card John Hine -

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28th August, 1817.

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EUROPEAN LO N DO N

MAGAZINE, on Eview,

FOR SEPTEMBER, 1817.

MEMOIR OF THE
RIGHT HON. CHARLES ABBOT,
BARON COLCHESTER, &c. &c.

[with a portrait, Engraved by henry Meyer, Paoxi AN original painting by saxtuel drummond, Esq. A.R.A.]

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It may, perhaps, be said, that it is an easy matter, and within the compass of every one's ability, to call others to order; but that it requires a skilful adviser to decide upon what

is expedient to be done in circumstances of present exigency.

To: never existed a period of more importance to the welfare of our country, or that more seriously implicated all that could concern the character and credit of its Government, than that during which Mr. Abbot, now Lord Colchester, filled the Speaker's Chair in the House of Commons : — and it is our duty, as it is our pride, to declare, that this high office has at no time, nor by any individual, been more ably sustained, and its laborious avocations more assiduously attended to, than by that Gentleman. In the year 1802, which, from the peculiar circumstances that opened upon its commencement, and increased in momentous progress towards its close, may justly be considered as one of the most eventful in the revolutionary annals of the last twenty-five years, Mr. Abbot was elected the successor to Sir John Mitford, who, after having continued in the Chair for a short interval in succession to Lord Sidmouth, was appointed Chancellor of Ireland by the title of Lord Redesdale.—The consummate talent with which Mr. Speaker Addington had fulfilled the duties of that exalted station, was strongly impressed upon the recollection of the British public, when Mr. Abbot succeeded to this office ; and it may, without any adulatory reference, be asserted, that a brighter example of dignified integrity and faithful service could not have preceded a succession in which that example was emulated with all the intelligence and inflexible impartiality which that estimable man and conscientious minister had uniformly displayed.

DeMost. Olynth. iii. 7.

lities and personal worth of the new Speaker: and it is no more than what its experience warrants, to pronounce that these expectations could not be of greater extent than the knowledge, judgment, and diligence of him who was the object of then ; – since, in no instance has it occurred, among the numerous difficulties and intricate cases which presented themselves, many of which were without precedent, that Mr. Abbot gave a wrong decision, or misled the confidence of the House : – insomuch that party feeling at once surrendered all its excitements of passion and prejudice to his unbiassed direction and well-grounded conclusions. —And when it is recollected, that in no aera of our Parliamentary history have more stormy debates been known within the walls of St. Stephen's than during the last fifteen years, it conveys no inserior testimony to the conciliatory insluence of the Speaker's personal worth, and the respect with which his official authority was acknowledged, when it can with truth be observed, that the profound wisdom of his correctives and counsel has in all cases been invariably admitted, and his advice accepted and followed, by both sides of the House :-indeed, so thoroughly versed was he in the law of precedents, and so promptly did he develope the bearings of every anomalous and incidental question, that this admission ...] equal honour upon the House and the Member whom by its unanimous suffrages it had selected as the arbitrator of its debates. On the 10th of February, in the year Grant, the Master of the Rolls, who was seconded by Mr. Baker, member for the county of Hertford. At the same time, Mr. Sheridan nominated Mr. Charles Dundas, and was seconded by Lord George Cavendish. The prooser, however, of the latter gentleman ingenuously professed, that he had no objection to urge against the other candidate ; and avowing his unseigned esteem for the talents and virtue of Mr. Abbot, contented himself with observing, that “in periods of more prosperous and less constrained circum; stances of national condition, it had been the practice of the House to elect a speaker from the landed-interest.” A plain, disinterested, and liberal answer was given to this observation, even by the gentleman in whose favour it was advanced. “The Honourable Gentleman,” said Mr. Dundas, “who has reviously been proposed, is so much É. qualified than myself for the office to which I should have otherwise aspired under such flattering auspices, that I do not hesitate to .. I feel myself bound in conscience to support his nomination.” This maply declaration decided the question, and Mr. Abbot was chosen without a dissenting voice. The office of Speaker is certainly the highest dignity with which a Member of the Commons can be invested—but its duties are most arduous, nor can its eminence of station be adequately maintained without the most unremitting perseverance in the performance of them, and a self-devotedness of mental vigour and physical strength to the incessant toil which is unavoidably attached to them. Its requisites also are of the first order, as, in addition to an unblemished character, and a marked reputation for talent, much learning, dignified deportinent, uncommon , patience, and unyielding impartiality, added to an extraordinary degree of research, are all required — when also it is known that the whole business of the Commons of England is organized, adjusted, and completed, by their Speaker, it will be allowed that the fatigues of his office make it necessary, that among all the other indispensable qualifications just enumerated, that of a ood coustitution should not be the least; or independent of his constant attendance in the House, it very frequently happens, that the evening debate is protracted to a late hour in the morning, and from beginning to end the Speaker

obcdience to order, decide every contest, and declare the law and usage of Parliament on every disputed point ; and all this he is expected to do, whatever may be the pressure upon his health, or the necessity of wearied nature.—Nor is it only during such fatiguing calls upon his attention that his powers are kept in action. In the Speaker's office all the mone

and other bills which originate wil

the House are first engrossed ; and the whole of what may be termed the mechanical business of Parliament commences and is carried forward, under the Speaker's inspection and control : —so that the plans and operations not only of the members individually, but those of the whole branch of the Legislature, are thus silently indeed, but expeditiously, effected.—The Speaker is also, er officio, a Member of the Privy Council, and his attendance can seldom be dispensed with in this department of his parliamentary employ —he is likewise a Trustee of the British Museum, and one of the Governors of Greenwich Hospital :-hence, therefore, it will be perceived, that the multiplicity of his services, and the responsibility of his station, must keep his body and mind continually exercised in those personal and mental czertions which can allow him but little remission from the most laborious anxiety —and even the seasons of his relaxation are, during the sitting of Parliament, burdened with the formalities of official state ;-for the Speaker is supposed, and indeed enabled, to exercise the rights of hospitality, and that too with a magnificence becoming his exalted station ; –it is true, that for this purpose he is provided with a splendid service of plate, and a liberal allowance, to which a spacious mansion in Palace-yard is added. Still, however,

even this hospitality, with all its faci

lities, is to him a business; and however acceptable it may be made to those who participate in it, by the urbaurty and polished courtesy of such a man as the noble subject of this Memoir, it is evident, that as far as the Speaker is individually concerned, it must take the character of effort, when the mind is so incessantly pressed upon by the numerous avocations which leave him but very few intervals of leisure at his own disposal. Yet it appears that, notwithstanding the incessant calls upon his attentiou, Mr. Abbot met them all with an unsubdued energy, and even attached a

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