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cepting a commission in the volunteer engaged in promoting the common arforce of the kingdoin - The weight of mament which then took place—and the the mace was not felt by him so burden adventitious distinctions of Premier or some as to prevent him from taking up people, representative or constituent, the sword at a period of extraordinary were not to weigh in the balance against national emergency, when be deemed it the question, whether our country was incumbent upon him to blend bis per or was not to be surrendered an easy sonal example with the general loyalty prey to a sanguinary and revengeful of the couotry. His accurate sense of invader. At such a crisis, the influence bis duty as an Englishman induced hiin of power could only be rendered effito join a troop of cavalry in the North cient by the conjunction of effort on the Surrey Legion, with the rank of Lieute part of those who used it, and those nant-colonel, and at a review of the who were expected to be actualed by forces of the district actually com it; the cause was common to all, all mauded the right wing of the Sussex were indispensably implicated, and live under Lord Sheffield. - This poble therefore all were equally subjected to trait of an active mind and patriotic the common necessity for personal cospirit was the same as manifested itself operation. With this impression, and in one of his predecessors, Lord Sid- with this consciousness of relative chamouih: and if justification were ne racter, Mr Abbot felt that the Speaker cessary for an act which its motives of the House of Commons was no more sufficiently vindicate, a precedent may than one among the millions who conbe found' in the conduct of one of stituted the aggregate of the country's the speakers during the Civil Wars.* strength. Such an impression was -It cannot, however, be at all we worthy of his mind, and such a concessary to revert to past times for sciousness was characteristic of his heart, sucb a precedent, when in our own in which po selfish reserve of individual we have seen the Prime Minister of consideration, no isolated exception of Great Britaint stepping forward upon present or prospective advantage, have the saine laudable principle of personal ever found possession or encourageconcurrence with the voluntary im. ment. pulse of the people. And if we look The valuable opportunity which we at the circumstances under which this possess of enriching our pages with the impulse was acknowledged by the whole portrait of a man who is not less an populaiion of the country, nothing can ornament to his country than to human be more just than the conclusion, that nature, demands at our hands as amevery individual, whatever might be his ple a Memoir of so distinguished a pere station or his employment, however ele. sonage as the delicacy of living biogravated or important, was imperatively phy will admit. We can only regret called upon to prove that the general that we cannot be more minute in parinterests of the nation were his para- ticularising the various evidences of his mount concern, and that he scorned
worth, both public and private, which any reservation which the duties of characterise him as a faithful servant office or the privilege of situation might of his sovereign, as a conscientious dehave urged in plea of exemplion from positary of his country's privileges, as that universal obligation, the defence of a husbaud, a father, a friend, and a his native land against the menace or fellow-subject, And our regret is ineffort of bostile aggression Io such creased by the well-assured conviction, defence all inequality of condition must that there is not a single action, or necessarily be absorbed ; since without even notive, which has marked his it, the desigo of the aggressor would conduct in all these relations, that have been facilitated in ils accomplish. would not hold out an edifying example ment, and in such a result the high and to every one who is emulous of obtainthe low, the rich and the poor, the ing the unprejudiced opinion, and de: government and the governed, the so served commendation of those who vereign and the subject, would have know and feel the obligations of man been confounded in one indiscriminate to his fellow-creatures, -as one who subversion of the claims and rights and claims their unqualified regard and decomforts and hopes of all. Besides, at ference; and as one, who in the more the eventful period to which we refer, otimate connection of social life, has there was not a single member of Lords or endeared himself io all who have the Commons who was not in some degree happiness to boast of his acquaintance.
We can, however, speak generally,
pen is honored, we know that we shall chair; and in his reasons for enforcing be amply warranted by the according order, he in no instance swerved from voice of a just and grateful nation. the strictest impartiality of restraint.
Before we proceed to those few bio When it has been his duty to notify graphical particulars which we possess, the vote of the Commons in the lanwe desire to dwell awhile upon the guage of reprimand to any one who faithfulness and ability with which this had committed a breach of privilege, excellent man has uniformly acquitted the justice of the infiction was blended himself of the solemn charge that de with a merciful regard for the feelings volved upon him. Whoever has seen of the object of it. But when enhim exercising his exalted functions, gaged in the more pleasing application must have marked the firmness and of his office, the communication of the patience which he has constantly exer thanks of the House to those who, by cised in the most tryiug moments of his their meritorious services, were tbus official life. If his opinion of order distinguished by its favour,* bis lanhas been disputed, as sometimes has oc guage glowed with all the warmth of curred, the wise consistency with wbich approval, and rose into an elevation of he has supported it, has always proved style that enriched the reward with a the invalidity of the objection. If, in charm which made it still more acthe heat of debate, he has been referred ceptable to those op whom it was conto by the contending parties, bis deci- ferred, lo his speeches to the Throne, sions have carried with them that con
the important subjects were clothed with ciliatory conviction which has seldum a manly eloquence and classical grace failed to reconcile differences, out of never excelled, and seldom equalled. which much personal enmity might Here we would close our obserhave arisen. if words have escaped vations upon Mr. Speaker Abbot's from the lips of any member that official merits by a notice of one inhave trespassed upon the dignity of so stance of his conduct, which must alaugust an assembly as that over which ways endear him to every one who he presided, this dignity has been cherishes in his heart a regard for pure maintained by him with a corrective religion and conscientious feeling. influence wbich bas ever been attein When that decies repetita struggle pered by a courteous forbearance, that betwixt the Protestant and Papistical no less characterised the accomplished interests for ascendancy in the polity gentleman, than it adorned the autho. of these realms The Catholic Question rity of the chair.
was brought to its most momentous if a question of privilege or precedent point. When the apprehensions of the was suggested, his answers were always one, and the expectations of the other, delivered with that evidence of sound appeared to be suspended in an equiliknowledge, which the bouse, without brium of support and opposition, then hesitation, admitted as affording suffi. it was that Mr. Abbot pre-eminently cient grounds for its confidence and displayed all those comprehensive taprocedure.
Jents; that firmness of mind, and that If at any time the popular voice of noble inflexibility of principle for which the country, perverted and misled by he was so justly admired and esteemed; the efforts of men who sought to make and in a most impressive speech from it the instrument of their passions or the chair, he avowed binseli the undis. prejudice, aimed at overawing the de- mayed defender of the great cause of liberative councils of the House, the our conptry, and the able vindicator of attempt was sure to be met by him ber established Jaws of political and with that fortitude of sentiment, which religious government. The powerful never failed to draw a just distinction influence of this speech was anticipated betwcco the privileges of the people, by the leader of opposition himself,+ and those of their representatives; and the truly patriot effort of the speaker to wbom, as the guardians of their was accomplished in complete success. rights, the former had been submitted - The question was lost!--and for that by their own choice.
time the Church and State were rescued If the injudicious zeal of any mem from the perilous ambiguities in which ber lcd him to indulge in contumelious both were so nearly involved. The sacred reflection upon the character or pro- oath of our revered monarch was preceedings of the House, be never served iuvivlate ; our venerable con. songht to check that freedom of speech which was thus presumed upon, un Vide Ægis of England, 8vo. 1817.
stitution was maintained in all its Pro. LORD COLCHESTER was born in testant consistency; the heaviest bur the year 1755. He was sent, when then of political evil that could oppress very young, to that fount of classical our national weal was prevented, and learning, Westminster school, at which the greatest blessing that Britain can so many of our best scholars and ablest enjoy was secured. We repeat it, there statesmen first drank of the pure spring fore, that to him, whose unawed sted- of elementary knowledge. Here he fastoess so materially tended to substan soon distinguished himself by the pro. tiate all this good, the gratitude of every mise which he gave of future excel. true lover of his country is eminently lence. From Westminster he went to due, and dear for ever to the heart of Christ Church, and fulfilled this proevery Protestant Briton must be the nise by those first fruits of a well-cultirecollection of the deed.
vated and fertile intellect, which ranked It is gratifying to trace in one indi- him among the most intelligent progeny vidual "so many proofs of superior of his Alma Mater. The recollection worth; and we confess, that while our of his early talent has been evinced by pen is tbus employed, we feel an un the respectful compliment which has willingness to check its course. We been paid by the Society of his College admit that it has been guided by a to his maturer excellence, in placing bis Jaudatory hand; but what man, who portrait, as Speaker of the House of has such a theme before him, could so Commons, ainong those of the olher constrain the convictions of his heart, worthies of tbat collegiate community, as to permit bis pen to withhold that who from age to age have increased its tribute of praise, which not a single reputation by the splendour of their tainhabitant of the land, if he be ac lents, and the eminence of their worth. quainted with our parliamentary his When he came of age he found himtory during the last fifteen years, would self in possession of a considerable fore feel himself disposed to refuse. We tune, but as his earliest habits had been are well aware, that indiscrimisate pa- those of industrious application to negyric is justly suspected in the prin- study, the strength of his mind did not ciple which suggests it; but in the pre- allow the powers of his intellect to sent instance, we know that our humble merge in the sloth of affluence. He offering of commendation cop veys entered himself at one of the lons of the sentiment of all to whom the esti. Court, and attended the chambers of mable subject of this Memoir is either an eminent practitioner at the Chanpersonally or relatively known; and if cery bar. By the society, on the rolls There exist any person to whom our of which he was admitted, he was called encomiums may be in any degree un- tu the degree of an utter barrister. acceptable, that person is the noble He then proceeded upon the circuit, individual himself; for it is well known, and, as we have been informed, acted that genuine desert shrinks from the as junior counsel to Mr. Erskine, in publicity of its merils, to wbich, in the celebrated trial of the Dean of spite of itself, it must ever be exposed. St. Asaph, To this individual we would offer our At the general election in 1790, Lord apologies for this intrusion upon his feel. Colchester stood for Helstone, in Cornings, but that in doing so, we must apolo- wall, the representation of which was gize for speaking the truth, and acting in disputed by no less than four candidates. strict conformity to moral justice—an A new charter had been granted by apology which his own sense of right his present Majesty, the validity of could never wrest from bim, and of which was contested upon this occasion which we trust we may be permitted with by the members of the old corporation, equal inflexibility to deny the propriety. who claimed under a charter of Eliza
We now present our readers with beth, confirmed by Charles I. The those few details of Lord Colchester's same body had already obtained a de. progress towards his present well-de cision of a Committee of the House of serred eminence of station, to which Cominons in their favour, and on this we have ventured to attach the term, occasion, thought fit to revive their prebiographical; but it is evident, that in tensions on the same grounds as before, such brief Memoirs as those to which but with inferior success. the circumscribed limits of our Miscel In 1796, Lord Colchester, who had, lang confine us, we can scarcely pre- been seated after some delay, occasion. sume to dignify our delincations with ed by an appeal to a cominittee, was the title of Biography.
re-elected for Helstone, in conjunction,
With Lord Francis Godolphin Osborne, When, upon his resignation of the whose family possessed considerable in- Speakership, he was raised to the Upper Auence in the Borough. In 1802, he House, the favour of the Sovereign was was nominated both for Woodstock and universally hailed as the consumniation Heytesbury, and having thus an option, of the people's wish-Thé bouour bad he chose the former.
been reaped by a continued series of Although Lord Colchester does not arduous services ; and the reward was appear to have cherished the ambition honored by the merit of him wbo of distinguishing himself in the various received it. tourts of law, yet he was not inatten Mr. Abbot is author of an anonymous tive to those professional advantages tract“ On the Use and Abuse of Satire,” which are derived from a legal educa. 8vo. Oxford, 1786.-" Rules and or tion. We accordingly find bin, as a ders on the Plea Side of the Court of legislator, producing a remedy for a King's Beoch, from Easter Term, 1731, grievance which had long been com to Trinity Term, 1795," 8vo. 1795.plained of; namely, the defective state “ Jurisdiction and Practice of the Court of the promulgation of the statutes. of Great Sessions of Wales, on the Cbes• In 1797 and 1798, Lord Colchester ter Circuit," royal 8vo. 1795.-" Treaacted as chairman of the select com. tise of the Law relative to Merchant mittee of finance, and presented a ships and Seamen,” Svo. 1802, 3d edi. number of important resolutions in its tion, 1808.-“ A Speech in the Comname, which have proved highly bene- mittee of the House of Commons on the ficial, by being enacted in the form of Catholic Question," * 8vo. 1813. statutes.
As the title of Lord Colchester has When Mr. Pitt first proposed the been erroneously supposed to be atincome tax, that measure was warmly tached to the family of Lucas, we take canvassed by the members in oppposi- this opportunity of correcting the error, tion'; but it was, on the other hand, by observing, that Colchester gave the ably defended by his lordship.
title of Viscount to Thomas Lord Darey, : Previously to his obtaining the high who in 1626 was also created Earl Rioffice lately occupied by hin, Lord vers, with limitation to Thomas Vise Colchester acted as the principal Secre. count Savage, his son-jo-law, both tary of State in Ireland, under the ad- which titles became extinct in 1728. ministration of the Earl of Hardwicke; His Lordship was the second son of the he was also one of the Lords Commis- late Reverend Dr. Abbott, who was sioners of the Treasury; and a Privy rector of All Saints, Colchester, and Counsellor of that kingdom. After possessed a patrimonial property in evincing his talents in these exalted that town. Lord Colchester was marstations during a very critical period of ried on the 29th of December, 1797, to national difficulty, a still more brilliant Elizabeth, the eldest daughter of Sir prospect opened to him. The Chair Philip Gibbs, Bart. of Springbead, in of the House of Commons became va the Island of Barbadoes. His Lordship cant, and he was the successful candi. has a beautiful seat called Mayfield, at date for that important situation. Kedbrook, near East Grinstead, former.
With what ability and usefulness to ly in the possession of the Earl of Aberhis country he fulfilled its duties, has gavenny. Here he has usually resided been already shewn; with how much with his family during the few intervals industry, and what intense application of leisure which he could seize from he attended to his duties in the House, the toils of that office which he so ably and the business of his office, the cause and conscientiously filled. of his resignation sufficiently proves, That he may long enjoy the consolaHis health was materially affected and tory recollections of a Vita Vene acta, very precariously conditioned, but we in all the satisfactions of that elevated rejoice to add, that the personal infir- condition to which it has led; and that mity consequent of bis indisposition, this enjoyment may be perfected in the however distressing to himself, and happiness of those who are dearer to painful to the affectionate sympathy of him than himself, is the unfeigued wishi his friends, is not of that description of every one who has mind enough to which is likely to deprive the country estimate the value of superlative worth, of his services in the House of Peers. and heart enough to rejoice in its wellHis complaint is seated in the optic deserved recompense. H.G. W. nerve, and it is bot happily witbout the hope of remedy.
* The Speech to which we have alluded.
COLLECTED BY A RECLUSE.
LEGENDS OF LAMPIDOSA. it, perhaps, when be meditated matri
mony. Hast thou means ?-thou hast (Continued from page 108.)
one to keep and increase them-Hast none!--thou hast one to belp thee.
Art in prosperity ?-thy happiness is “TEL
VELL me not of our Ariosto doubled-Art in adversity? she'll com
and Petrarch !” exclaimed the fort and direct thee-Art at home :learned Doctor Busbequius Buonavisa she'll drive away melancholy – Art to bis nephew Count Blandalma, as they abroad 1 - she'll wish and welcome thy walked in the great square of Padua: return — There is no delight without “ All the books in the Vatican or the society--no society like a wife's." Alexandrian library, if they could be “ Hold, hold !" interrupted Doctor found, should never convince me that Busbequius“ listen to the obverse woman is not an evil. What says the sidea" Hast thou means ? - thou Talmud? What said the Council of hast one to spend them -Hast pone ? Nice and the Koran, and the losti. “thy beggary is increased.---Art in tutes of Menu_and—ay, and our own prosperity :--thy share is ended - Art college ?-Do they not all agree that in adversity?-she'll make it like Job's. the Creator did not send woman till — Art at home?-she'll scold thce out he was asked, lest we should tax him of doors-Art abroad --if thou beest with malice-Woe to the father of wise, keep thee so. Nothing easier than daughters !” said the Rabbi Ben Sirai; solitude, no solitude like å bachelor's and 1 answer-Woe to husbands !” -Why, how now ? Whence comes that
“Sir," replied the young man, meekly, offuscation of face, Ludovico ?” “I might also defy you to shew me any Nothing, Sir,” replied the nephew, poet, historian, or philosopher, from smiling, with downcast eyes" a Ausb, Hesiod to Voltaire, who has not contra perhaps, from indigestion.". dicted himself at least six times on this “ Fuliginous vapours, child i Savasubject."
narola and Professor Menadous pre“Well, boy, well !--and what does scribe diazinziber, diacapers, and diathat prove, except that when women cinnamonum, with the syrup of borage were created, fools became necessary ? and scolopendra, to remove them. This -But what were they in Hesiod's days, is an irregular syncopatic pulse, which and what are they now? Ask Ovid, indicates a chronic disease.” Lucian, Terence, or Petronius!-Hear 65 Very possibly, dear uncle, for I the English sage in 1617— For what have taken a wife.” end,' says he, are women so new “ By the heart of man! (wbich is no faogled, 'unstaid and prodigious in their profane oath, as I know not what the attires, unbefitting age, place, quality, thing is made of) I am glad to hear or condition : -Why do they deck it!-A wife, saith the Hindoos, is the themselves with coronets, pendents, staff and salvation of her busband ; chains, girdles, rings, spangles, and meaning, no doubt, that she chastises versicolor ribbands ? Why are their him in this world. I congratulate thee, glorious shews with scarfs, fans, fea. Ludovico, on thy progress through purthers, furs, inasks, laces, tiffanies, ruits, gatory.” falls, calls, cuffs, damasks, velvets, cloth “ Spare your raillery,” answered of gold and silver -To what end are Blandalma, with a deeper Aush, “I their crisped hair, painted faces, gold- should not have announced my mar. fringed petticoats, baring of shoulders riage to a cynic so professed, if I had and wrists ? Such stiffening with cork not also had reason to acknowledge - streightning with whalebone-some- my conversion to his system, and my times crushed and crucified-anon in intended separation from lax clothes, an 100 yards I think in “ From your wife, nephew!" intera gown and sleeve : then short, up, posed the cynic, charmed with this opdown, high, low, thick, or thin, making portunity to reason on both sides of the themselves, like the bark of a cinnamon question abstractedly, a wife is an tree, best outside !'-Answer me, Sig. evil, but relatively she is a benefit, bepor Ludovico Blandalma, answer me.” cause she exercises the cardinal vir. “ There can be no answer, uncle, to
tues." such a congregation of questions, unless “ Sir, there was no enduring her dia1 repeat the catechism of your frieod bolical temper." Jacobus de Voragine, who composed " That is another prejudice of ignoEutrop. Mag. l'ol. LXXII. Sept. 1817.