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Now-Resin rxt INct MnFNts.. 3,856 Sinecures and Diguities not requiring residence........ ... 52 Vacancies. . . . . . . ........... 164 Sequestrations..... . . . . . . ... 40 Recent Institutions.......... 87 Dilapidated Churches...... 32 Held by Bishops.......... 22 No return................ 279 Miscellaneous, including insame, confined for debt, prisoners abroad, donatives refusing to make return inpropriations, appropriations, &c................. 122 – 798 Total number of BRN prices 10,501

The Second Report of the Commissioners appointed to inquire into the duties, salaries, and emoluments of the several Officers and Ministers of Justice, in all Temporal and Ecclesiastical Courts in Ireland, commences with the Office of Clerk of the Pleas in the Court of Exchequer, recently become vacant by the death of the Earl of Buckinghamshire. This office, in the possession of Lord Clonmel, to whom it was granted in 1783, is stated to have produced between 6 and 7,000l. a year, but shortly after the appointment of Lord Buckinghamshire, in 1798, it experienced an increase, and averaged, in 1803, 11,094t. h9s. 1 lost a year. The net receipts of the toveral Deputies and Clerks are, Mr. Pollock, first Deputy, 5,270s. a year; Mr. Farren, second Deputy, 8,0471. ditto. These and thirteen Clerks have all been continued in their situations by Mr. O'Grady, who has been sworn in and appointed by the present Chief Baron. From the produce of the office, amounting to 1 1,094l. 19s. 11%d. is to be deducted fees to Clerks and other expenses, which left a net income to Lord Buckinghamshire of 8,2491. ; but there are other fees not included in the above sum of 11,0941. 19s. 1144. properly belonging to the principal, and by him relinquished to his Deputies and Clerks. These fees have never been brought into account, but are presumed to amount to 4000l. a year, and form part of the legal profits of the Deputiss and Clerks, “as distinguished from their illegal charges," of which latter, says the Report, “it appears by the acknowledgment of the first Deputy, who is the taking officer, *at several have been very recently introduced, and that upon several different heads of service the charges of the Clerks alone have experienced an increase of from twenty to fifty per cent. since his appointment in *798.” Such has been the progressive intrease both of the rate and number of the fees allotted to the Clerks, that their emolu"onts constitute a third of the gross receipts of this office, the total of which is estimated ** 28,000l. a year, yielding to the principal, **49, 10s, 7%d, a year; to the first DeYour Committee have also learnt that the applications from persons of both sexes to enter into this establishment are most numerous, both from the criminal as well as the destitute poor ; and that if the funds of the institution were greater, a much larger proportion of those persons would be received. The Philanthropic Society contains at present 41 girls and 160 boys, the children

puty 7,000l. i to the scrond Deputy, 8,047 l. 12s. 8d. To the Clerks, 9.000s.These increased and illegal charges and fees the Committee condemn: they conceive it to be the undoubted duty of the office to dispatch the business of the suitors upon payment of the fees to which it is legally entitled, which they conceive abundantly sufficient for the remuneration of all persohs employed in the execution of its duties. The Committee, therefore, do not hesitate to recommend that their remuneration be immediately placed upon a new principle, and that it may be derived exclusively from the general profits of the oslice, and comrised within definite and reasonable limits.” his Report, with the Appendix, occupies 171 pages. -Ertract from the second Report of the Coromittee of the House of Commons on the Police of the Metropolis, relating to the Public Charities for the Reformation of Criminal and destitute Poor. Your Committee have examined much evidence as to the general management of the various penitentiary establishments supported by private benevolence which exist in the metropolis. They refer generally to the testimony of those best qualified to give the most correct information as to these places; and the concurrent opinion of all is favourable to measures such as they think it their duty to recommend. Tss E R E FUGE FOR T'//E DESTITU/"E, and the P// I LANTH ROPIC, have fully answered the views of their charitable founders and benefactors. They have redeemed hundreds from the ruin and misery into which they were plunged ; and it is with per uliar satisfaction your Committee have learnt, that the only check to the further progress of this great work is to be found in the deficiency of the funds at present appropriated for that purpose. That deficiency it is the object of your Committee to supply ; and they feel convinced that the Government cannot more economically employ the funds of the public, than in the construction of places of penitentiary confinement. Your Committee have inquired into the expenses of the naintenance of persons in the different penitentiary establishments, as well as the number of individuals they are calculated to hold : with the exception of that at Milbank, they are all supported by voluntary contributions. The Refuge for the Destitute, on the 14th of May last, contained 40 males and 60 females. The former cost annually for food and clothing 237. 7 s. and the latter ahout 28s. 1 1s. ; the difference arises from a greater allowance of food being given to the females, who work extra hours. The success of this society has been considerable ; and it has been found that about two thirds of the persons confined nad employed there have been reformed, and returned to hauits of iudustry.

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of convicts, and those who are convicts

themselves; the expense per head, dividing the cost of the whole establishment by the number of persons, is about 35l. per annum. But your Committee observe, that the apprentices to the number of 60 maintain themselves, having earned near 2,000l. last year, the principal expense being incurred for the younger part of the conmunity. This institution has fully answered the views of its benevolent founders. By much the greater proportion of those who have been brought up turn out well, and fully warrant the remark of one of those who had deviated a little from the rules of discretion and good conduct, " that within its walls the society taught them habits which they could not get rid of if they would.”

Pour Committee wish to direct the attention of the public to this ercellent institution, which is well deserving a more eartended patronage, not only for the end which the establishment has in view, but also for the success which has attended its labours, arising from the earcellence of its regulations, and the frugal manner in which its funds are administered.

The Magdalen Hospital contains 80 females: it has been established from the year 1758, and has from that period to the present day admitted about 4,594 persons, of whom 3,012 have been restored to their friends or placed in reputable service ; 912 have been discharged at their own request, 556 for in proper behaviour; and 85 have died while in the hospital. Of 246 women who were discharged in the last four years, of every description, 157 are reformed; 74 have relapsed ; 4 are insane; 1 is dead, and of 10 the situation is not known; so

that it may be estimated that two-thirds of

the women who enter into this society are permanently reclaimed : the average age of those unfortuuate females is from 17 to 18. They apply very young, some few at even 13 or 14, but generally from 15 to 25; some have been admitted there at 12 years of age.

The London female Penitentiary contains 100 persons, at an average expense per head of 231. This institution has been established about 10 y, ars; in that time 2,000 persons have petitioned to be admitted, and 565 alone have heen received, of whom 265 have been reconciled to their friends and placed out to service ; 18 have married; 17 have been discharged from various causcs; 17 have cloped ; 66 left thc house

at their own request, ahd M4 have died. Your Committee observe that the labour of the women of this latter institution produced 665l., while that of the Magdalen was only 1671., during last year. The General Penitentiary, Millbank, contained 52 males and 76 females, total 128, on the 22d May, last. The cost of each prisoner as to food is sixpence to sevenpence a day, or about 91.2s. 6d. per annum. Your Committee were informed that the clothing and maintenance of each prisoner would not exceed 201. per annum. This establishment is of so recent a date, as not yet to furnish much evidence of the beneficial result of its regulations. But your Committee cannot refrain from inserting the following extract from the journal. of the chaplain, who states, that during the ten or twelve months that the prisoners have been under his direction, he has observed a great alteration in their manner, appearance, and character, and that the practical advantages of the system are far beyond his expectation. “The chaplain feels much pleasure in closing his journal at the expiration of the year, with stating that the general conduct of the prisoners during their confineinent in the penitentiary has been most satisfactory. The repentance and amendment of many of them is visible; and there is every reason to presume, that on their leaving the prison they will become honest and industrious members of society.” " Your Committee are fully aware of the expense which the plan of building a new prison will enrail on the finances of the country; but they cannot consider the cost entirely additional, or one of which, if the object to be attained is brought into account, the public can have any right to complain. At present the children committed to the different prisons are maintained at the county or city charges. And your committee do not propose to shift that cost on the public treasury; they have been informed by persons who have taken pains to obtain a correct estimate as to the expense of the maintenance of prisoners, that on an average, the cost at the Philanthropic, the Refuge for the Destitute, and the common prisons, may be taken at 12t. per annum ; and that part of that expense may be defrayed by the labours of the prisoners. Upon the important question of employing convicts in the different prisons, as well as on board the hulks, both as to the moral no less than the economical consequences, your Committee at present wish to give no decisive opinion. They, however, entertain little doubt that the whole system of maintaining the convicts of the country is susceptible of great improvement. and they trust they shall be enabled to enter more fully into that subject early in the ensuing sessinn. The objects of the second report of the

... Police Committee, which it embraces, are very important in the eye of humanity, as well as of policy and we are extremely anxious that the observations of to e Committee should lead to some substantial and permanent a ts, calculated to relieve the sufferings and purify the morals of the poorer classes. But as the first care should extend to their bodily, health, we would recommend that every po sible obstruction and disficulty should be thrown in the way of their obtaining gin and other ardent spirits. To this end, it might perhaps be well, in addition to the utmost care and circumspection in granting licenses, to allow the brewers of , our wholesome national beverage a drawback upon the malt they use for 'ale and porter; subjecting the grain used for spirits to the heaviest possible impost. But these suggestions have reference chiefly to the First Report. This which is before us begins by canvassing the system of giving rewards to informers and runners, on the conviction of persons accused. Such rewards are opprobriously known and des-cribed by the term of “ blood-money.” The Coumittee reprobates this method of detecting and bringing offenders to justice: and if the matter were before doubtful, the experience of last year would fortify the opinion of the Committee; police officers having been found base enough to league with offenders, and even to excite honest but distressed unen to illegal acts, with a view to obtain the reward upon their conviction. For the credit, however, of the inferior ministers of justice, we must observe, that many such monsters are not to be found in their body. The Committee think that there is no such unwillinguess in the injured to seek legal redress; but that delinquents might be left to their just vengeance and pursuit ; and that the chief impediments to this course are the expenses of prosecution, and the severity of the lates, which often deter men from pursuing the offender to conviction. But upon these and many other particulars of a similar nature, we must direct the attention of our readers to the report itself. "The remedies of these great and afflictive evils come next under the consideration of the Committee. Education— of course, virtuous and religious education —lays the firmest and most imperturbable foundation of an upright life ; but it was the business of the Committee to trace and recommend the methods of reclaiming the offender, and particularly the young offender, when he had deviated from a course of moral rectitude , and for this purpose they recou, unend a penitentiary-house, in which the young are to be kept apart from the in ore hardened. The plan delivered in by a Mr. Bevans is preferred, and the expense attendiug it is contrasted with that of the Penitentiary-house at Millbank. If fresh

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didates; they are universally become jobs: and next, it is more dishcult to discover and correct abuses in proportion as those who allow of them possess a more elevated station, or are upheld by greater interests. Buildings, therefore, just large enough to attract a proper degree of attention, and too small to tempt indolent cupidity, are advisable; and the more so, as emulation will be excited among the managers of them to reclaim a greater nun, ber of crimipals, or present then on in-pection-days more decent and orderly. The whole cost of Mr. Bevans' building. capable of containing 400 boys, will amount to about 24,000l. ; which, taking the principal at 5 per cent. interest, will unake the annual house-rent of each boy amount to no more than 81.: whereas, the Penitentiary at Millbank, intended for 800 persons, is estimated at 350,000. which makes the lodging of each separate person amount to the scandalous sum of nearly 221. per annum, exclusive of repairs in the building. Even from hence may be seen the mischief of large establishments. The Committee is next naturally led to speak of other existing institutions, similar to that which they recountnend ; and it is satisfactory to observe, that all of them have answered in various degrees the purpose of their institution. But we more particularly reconnend what is said respecting the Philanthropic Society and the Refuge for the Destitute to observation : and we hope, that the praise which is justly bestowed upon these institutions, and the notice which we here solicit to them, will have the effect of increasing the zeal of their generous patrons, and the attention of the officers attached to them. The Magdalen hospital is mentioned, and with due praise: but it is observed, that the labour of 100 persons in that excellent institution the Female l'elitentiary, has produced 665!. in a period during which the labour of 80 in the Magdalen amounts only to 1671. We are nevertheless of opinion, that if something could be added to the funds of the Magdalen, in order to enable the governors to institute suits in strikingly gross instances against the vile seducers of the unhappy and degraded tenants of that mausion, some good urgh, result. The Committee, in recommending a new building for the reception and coercion of that redundance of young and old offenders who are now indiscriminately huddled trgether in the various prisons of Londor, speak with regret of the expense attenduit

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This Gazette notifies the appointment of the Right Hon. Lord John Sommers to be Lord Lieutenant of the county of Hereford, in the room of the Farl of Essex, resigned. Also, that the Prince Regent permits RearAdmiral Sir David Milne to bear the armorial distinctions following; viz. — A cross moline quarterly pierced, between three mullets on a chief of honourable augmentation wavy, a fortified lighthouse thereon a red flag, flanked by a battery of three tiers of guns, with a like flag on the dexter, and another battery on the sinister, the whole being intended to represent that part of the works defending the town and port of Algiers, to which his Majesty's ship Impregnable, bearing the flag of the said RearAdmiral, was appointed on the said evermemorable attack 1 and for rrest—out of a naval crown a cubit arm, holding the flag of a Rear-Admiral of the Blue, inscribed with the words, “Impregnable.”

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missioners are Lord Grenville and Sir J. Cox Hippesley. The ratifications af this Treaty were exchanged on the lith af June,

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rurso Ay, sept. 16. Merber returned to serve in Parliament.

County of Glamorgan. — Sir Christopher Cole of Penrin Castle, in the county of Cornwall, Knight, Corninander of the Bath, in the roum of Benjamin Hall, Esq., deceased.

saturn av, sepr. 20.

This Gazette notifies, that on the 17th instant, Lord Talbot was sworn in a Member of the Privy Council, and declared Lord Lieutenant of Ireland ; and that the same day. Lord Sommers took the oaths as Lord Lieutenant of Herefordshire. The licence of Mr. Cornelius Fariel, of Gosport, as Navy Agent, has beeu withdrawn, on the ground of his having been declared a bankrupt.

Tursday, sept. 23.

In pursuance of an Act passed in the 37th year of the reign of His present Majesty King George the Third, entitled, “A a Act for confirming and continuing, for a limited time, the re-triction contained in the Minute of Council of the 26th of Fehruary 1797, on payments of cash by the Bank;" and also of the several Acts since passed for continuing and amending the same : I do hereby direct, that there be inserted forth with in the London Gazette the following notice from the Governor and Company of the Bank of England, dated 18th Sept. 1817, namely:“ That on and after the 1st of October next, the Bank will be ready to pay ca-h for their notes of every descriptivu dated prior to the 1st of January 1817. “ crani.rs MANNERs Storros, Speaker.” * September 22, 1817.”

ABSTRACT OF

FostEIGN AND DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE.

R. FOSS, No. 36. Essex-street, Strand, Secretary to the SOCl 1:TY of GUARIn IANS for the PROTECTION of TRADE against SWINDLERS and SiiARPERS, by a Circular has informed the Meinbers thereof, that George New MAN HAndry, (mentioned in June 1816), has now a counting-house, No. 7, Castle-court, Birchin-lane. Also, that persons using the firm of Pattens and GRAY, whose address is No. 37, St. Mary-hill, Thames-street, have written to a manufacturer of lodge-tools relative to giving him an order, in the postcript to which the name of a member of that society is inserted as a supposed reference, but who has no knowledge of the above firm. Rome, Aug. 8.—The Princess of Wales left Rome some days ago. It is believed that she proceeds to Milan. A few days before her departure, a pamphlet was put into circulation by the advocate Maracco, attached to her suite. It is entitled, Considerazione libre salta repoca delta decorazione Crore di Malta, intente contra il Signore Barone B. Bergami, primo Ciambellauo di S. A. R. la Princupessa di Galles. Londra, 1817.” (but printed at Rome.) “Free Considerations on the recal of the decoration of a Knight of Malta, directed against Baron B. Bergami, first Chamberlain of her Royal Highness the Princess of Wales.” The following is the circumstance which gave rise to this production. The Lieutenant of the Grand Master of Malta, who resides at Catonea, had conferred on M. Bergami, in 1816, a Cross of the Order of Malta. This Cross was subsequently required by the Order to be given up at Milan, at the instance of the Commnnder Rusca, because it was assumed that Bergami was not of noble birth. At page 57 of this pamphlet is found the following passage, which cannot give great pleasure to ihe Court of the ex-King of Spain, Charles I W. --" "The Princess of Wales satisfied with the conduct of Bergami, and still more with his unlimited zeal for her person, nominates him her equerry (scudieri). What wonder in this? By continued proofs of devotion without bounds shown her during her vari. ous travels, a claim was upon her gratitude. She therefore promoted him to the rank of her Chamberlain. What wonder in this We are still far from the case of the famous fiate-player at the Court of Scotland (Rizzio), or of the life-guardsman (the i’ricce of Peace at the Court of Madrid,”

Vienna, Aug. 14.-The following is the manner in which authentic letters from the frontiers of Turkey describe the death of the celebrated ex-Chief of the Servians Czerni-Georges, who since the last treaty of peace between Russia and the Porte in 1812, had retired to the former country, where the Emperor conferred upon him the rank of General and the decoration of the Order of St. Anne. Czerni-Georges had arrived about the end of June in Gallieia, couning from Russia. Scarcely was this known at Vienna, when the Government gave orders to the Austrian Authorities to watch him rigorously, and not to perimit him to enter Turkey through the Austrian territory. He found means, however, to evade the surveillance of the authorities. He traversed Hungary, and passed the Danube at Vepalanka, where he paid 250 ducats for his passage. Scarcely was he arrived on the Servian territory than he was arrested at Semandria by order of the Chief of the Servians, Melos Obrovics, and decapitated on the 27th of July. His head was immediately sent to Constantinople.

Coplentz, Aug. 12.-Here has been a of. review of troops, by the King of Prussia and his son the hereditary Prince, The air of his Majesty appeared during the time to be very melancholy; and I have now heard from respectable authority, that he had received the news of his second son, now in Russin, having been bit by a mad dog, Every method had been taken to preserve his Royal Highness from the consequences of this unpleasant accident by applying the knife. Both the King and the Prince expressed great satifaction at the appenrance of the troops, and particularly at that of

the Landwehr, who, though they had been

practised but a short time, displayed the greatest precision in their manueuvres. 1N ID 1 A. The following official document will offord some idea of the warfare now carrying on in India, and show that in some shape or other the Mahrattas will ever keep our Indian army upon the alert, either in the field, or in the nore perplexing and embarrassing character of hordes of banditti ; leaving to the East India Company no alternative but the maintenance of numerous advanced posts, at a great expense of military establishment, or the exposing of our subjects and more defenceless allies to the being occasionally surprised and over

whelmed by an enemy, the rapidity of whose

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